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Business and Ethics LE

Part 1. Reading .Read the following text carefully then do the activities (a) Comprehension Anti-Corruption Education Education is central in preventing corruption. Even clear laws and regulations and well-designed institutions will not be able to prevent corruption, unless citizens actively demand accountability from government and institutions. The attitudes and expectations of citizens are crucial in building a responsive public administration. Therefore fostering attitudes that do not tolerate corruption is at the core of Transparency Internationals (TIs) work. Ethics education for young people can help break the cycle of corruption, as todays youth will be potential leaders of tomorrow. However, anti-corruption education does not work in isolation. The environment in which children grow up plays a decisive role in shaping their attitudes. Ethics education must be part of a broader effort to improve governance and reduce corruption. Within this framework, children must have an appropriate and conducive learning environment that values integrity. Thus, in order to be credible, anti-corruption teaching must relate to the daily lives of the students and address real life dilemmas, conflicts if interests and corruption cases. Several civil society organisations around the world have played an important role in making anti-corruption education a reality. Though they have approached the topic from different angles, including moral or value education, human rights and civic education, they all have set up a common goal, strengthening young peoples attitudes and demand for accountability, and ultimately, to build trust in government and the public sector. 1. Are the following statements true, false or not mentioned? a) The citizens role is very important to stop corruption. b) TIs work is becoming more difficult. c) Anti-corruption education depends on the environment. d) Anti-corruption education concerns more the adults. 2. Answer the following questions according to the text. a) What are the conditions that help the anti-corruption education to succeed? b) According to you, whats anti-corruption education? 3. What does the first sentence of paragraph 4 express? Replace Thus by another word. 4. What or who do the underlined words in the text refer to? a) their ( 3) b) the topic (4) b) Text exploration ( 7 pts) 1. Find in the text words that are closest in meaning to the following a) most important (1) b) stop (2) 2. Find in the text words that are opposite in meaning to the following a) augment (3) b) dream (4) 3. Which nouns can be derived from these words? a) employ - b) free - c) reduce - d) legal 4. Supply the correct form of the verbs in brackets. a) He wont have any problems with his boss as long as his work (to do) correctly. b) I wish I (to accept) his bribe. ( but I take the bribe) c) Corruption (must/fight) by every citizen. 5. Combine these pairs of sentences using the given connectors. a) He was put in prison. He was caught embezzling his employees. ( because of) (14pts) ( 7pts

b) People trust her a lot. She is an honest woman. ( such ) c) You dont like to have problems. You refuse to buy a counterfeit product. ( youd better ) 6. Classify the following words according to the pronunciation of their final S. a) chances b) citizens c) ethics d) cases /S/ /Z/ / IZ /

7. Fill in the gaps so that the passage makes sense. Piracy is an .. practice. It is not only .. to imitate other peoples property but also .. and illegal to do so. I .. with people . approve counterfeiting. It is neither beneficial for the nor for the economy of a country. Part 2. Written Expression: Choose one of the following topics. Topic 1. You are a president of a youth association. You are giving a speech to children explaining how to have ethical behaviour. Imagine your speech. The following words might help you: Wrong - right - honest - loyal - trusty - faithful - doing legal things - advice - helpful responsible - devoted - dedicated . Topic 2. You bought a genuine expensive pair of sport shoes NIKE . Later, you discovered that it was a counterfeit product. You went to see the shopkeeper and had a discussion with him / her Imagine the conversation. Mrs. Louznadji (6pts)

Philo-Lettres
PART ONE: Reading A. Comprehension (15 pts) (7 pts)

Ethics is a short, two-syllable word of six letters that affects every segment of our lives. Ethics is a moral code involving a clear understanding of right and wrong. Another word for ethics is values. When people talk about ethics, they may be focused on one specific area, such as business, medical, political, environmental, religious, or personal ethics. Here, we are going to focus on another important area of ethics : If you have good computer ethics, you won't try to harass or hurt people with your computer, and you won't commit crimes such as information theft or virus creation. The problem that often arises when some of us on a computer is that we don't see the harm in snooping in another person's private information or trying to figure out their passwords. It seems smart to copy and paste information into a school report and pretend that we wrote it .It was probably public property -which most of it isn't, that would be the crimes committed with hacking or gaming scams don't seem harmful because the victims lack faces. Flaming (aiming abusive, insulting messages at another person online) seems risk-free since we are anonymous. Indulging in obscenities and other offensive behavior online feels empowering simply because no one knows who we really are. No one is going to come knocking on the door and demand a physical confrontation. However, every one of those activities is a violation of computer ethics.

The Computer Ethics Institute, a nonprofit research and education organization in Washington, published a code of ethics in 1998 for computer users.

Read the following text carefully then do the activities. Ethics is a short, two-syllable word of six letters that affects every segment of our life. Ethics is a moral code involving a clear understanding of right and wrong. Another word for ethics is values. When people talk about ethics, they may focus on one specific area, such as business, medical,

political, environmental, religious, or personal ethics. Here, we are going to focus on another important area of ethics :
If you have good computer ethics, you will not try to harass or hurt people with your computer, and you will not commit crimes such as information theft or virus creation. The problem that often

arises when some of us work on a computer is that we don't see the harm in snooping in another person's private information or trying to figure out password. It seems smart to copy and paste information into a school report and pretend that we wrote it .It was probably public property -which most of it isn't, that would be the crimes committed with hacking or gaming scams that don't seem harmful because the victims lack faces. Flaming (aiming abusive, insulting messages at another person online) seems risk-free since we are anonymous. Indulging in obscenities and other offensive behavior online feels empowering simply because no one knows who we really are. No one is going to come knocking on the door and demand a physical confrontation. However, each one of those activities is a violation of computer ethics. The Computer Ethics Institute, a nonprofit research and education organization in Washington, published a code of ethics in 1998 for computer users.
1- Are the following statements true or false? a-Ethics is a short term that is against our values. b- You will commit crimes such as information theft or virus creation unless you have good computer ethics. c- There is no risk in insulting message at another person on line because this is anonymous

2-Answer the following questions according to the text.


a-What is ethics? b-What synonyms can you give to the word ethics? c- Why does it seem risk free to commit a crime or insult people through the computer?

3- In which paragraphs are the following ideas mentioned? a- Definition of ethics.


b- Violation of computer ethics 4- What or who do the underlined words refer to in the text ?

Another (1)

- that(2)

- which (2)

5- Give a title to the text. B. Text exploration (8 pts)

1- Find in the text words closest in meaning to the following -Particular (1) -appear (2) 2- Find in the text words opposite in meaning to the following -Vague (1 ) - public (2)

3- Which nouns can be derived from the following adjectives?


Possible , local , hospitable.

4-Complete the sentences below expressing a wish.


a-I caught cold b-I wish ................................... a-She doesnt feel well b-She wishes ................................... 5-Link each of the following sentences using the appropriate connector. a-She didnt wear her coat / she caught cold. b-He arrived late to the station /He missed the train 6-Fill in the blanks with words from the list below unethical, site , interest , illegal . Many people find it .....1...... to infringe some copyright through the..........2...... . They put the copyright theft in pirate .........3....... in order to swap them with other internet users . so ,it is something ........4........ and harmful. 7- Underline the stressed syllable in each of the following words. scientific , italics , musical.

PART TWO: Written Expression


Choose one of the following topics.

( 5 pts)

Topic 1.
Our country is witnessing unethical behaviours in different fields. If you are elected head of the nation, what measures will you take in order to eradicate this kind of behaviours? The following ideas may help you: -Punish dishonest people (corrupted). -appoint honest civil servants -Pass strict laws -Fight tax evasion.

Topic 2.
To make your classmates aware of fake products, write a notice showing the bad effects of counterfeit products and try to advise them not to buy this kind of products. Mrs. Koudache

Science/GE
PART 1: READING Read the text carefully then do the activities. A. COMPREHENSION (08pts) (15 points)

The global anti-corruption organization Transparency International (TI) has reported corruption is increasing around the world. A TI press release reports there is serious corruption in most of the worlds countries. TIs yearly survey questions businesspeople and public officials to find out how corrupt a country is. Bangladesh and Chad finished bottom as the most corrupt countries, while Iceland finished top. Finland and New Zealand were the second and third cleanest nations. Corruption is declining in Turkey and Nigeria, but increasing in Russia and Canada.

TI chairman Peter Eigen said: Corruption is a major cause of poverty as well as a barrier to [reducing] it. He also said corruption and poverty lock people in a cycle of misery. Mr. Eigen warned corruption must be reduced to free people from poverty. David Nussbaum, TIs chief executive, stated: Corruption isnt a natural disaster: it is the coldtheft of opportunity from the men, women and children who are least able to protect themselves. He also said leaders needed to keep their promises to help poor people. The world has made a target to halve extreme poverty by 2015. .1) Are the following statements true or false? a) Corruption isnt decreasing around the world. b) New Zealand is one of the most corrupt countries. c) Poverty is increasing because of corruption. d) Corruption is man-made. 2) Answer the following questions according to the reading passage. a) What is the role of Transparency International? b) Why does TIs yearly survey questions businesspeople and public officials? c) Which country is the most corrupt? d) How can we free people from poverty? 3) The text is about: (Choose the general idea of the text) a) Transparency International b) corruption c) the widespread of corruption in many countries

4) The text is: (choose the right type) A) a newspaper article. B) an annual report. C) a public statement. (07pts)

B. TEXT EXPLORATION 1) Find in the text: a) an opposite to: increasing (1) b) a word which means: main (2) c) a word whose definition is: lack of integrity or honesty (1) 2) Which adjective can we derived from each of the following nouns? Nouns Adjectives Transparency Corruption Poverty Misery 3) Complete sentence (b) so that it means the same as sentence (a). 1. a) The painting was so perfectly imitated that nobody knew it was copied. b) It was such 2. a) I think more organizations should join TI to fight corruption. b) Its high time. 3. a) I regret having accepted the bribe.

b) I wish. 4) Classify the following words according to the number of their syllables. a) corruption. b) fraud. c) Transparency. d) survey.

5) Fill in the gaps with words from the list below. counterfeiters medicine die - fake. The U.N warns that many people will (1) as a result of taking the (2) drug. The (3) very cleverly copy the details on the packaging and labelling of the (4) and ensure that all tablets and pills look identical to the real thing. PART 2: WRITING ( 5 points) Choose one of the following topics: Topic one: You are a journalist interviewing a member of Transparency International, write the interview using the following points: - the causes of increase in corruption around the world - the measure that TI has taken to reduce or eradicate corruption - the countries where TI has got results - plans in the future Topic two: Next December, there will be an anti-corruption summit in Strasbourg organized by a Group of States against corruption, what would you suggest if you had the opportunity to attend the summit? Write a paragraph about your suggestions. Z.Belkam & K.Mezough

LE
Part one: Reading A. Comprehension Read the text carefully then do the activities (14pts) (07pts)

October 3rd is childrens day. At the United Nations in New York City, children from many countries will meet to celebrate this special occasion. On that day, 75 to 150 million children between the ages of eight and fifteen will get up to do adults jobs, to the determinant of their health and education. Most, but not all, of these children live in Third World Countries. Some of these children find themselves responsible to help their parents with their agricultural work: some work as servants in the home of rich people; others are employed in factories where they are often exposed to dangerous machinery and chemicals. Statistics show that many of these children work more than 12hours a day. Factory directors like to employ children because they can pay them less than adults; and very few children know enough about their legal rights to ask for better pay and working conditions. The parents of working children rarely protest, they need the childs salary to survive. The problem of child labour is much more serious in the third world, but it also exist in Europe and the United States, where many children have part-time jobs to help their families or just to have some pocket money . Paradoxically, in countries where adults dont have jobs, a lot of children work. Is there a solution to the international crime against todays children and future generation? It is clear that the exploitation of children from very poor families is easy and that it will continue. And because these children are more vulnerable and often less capable of defending themselves; they need special legal protection and assistance from international organisations. 1-In which paragraph is it mentioned that the writer wonders if we can put an end to the problem of child labour? 2- Answer the following questions according to the text.

abcde-

Do children celebrate their day in winter? Are children of more than 15 concerned by the childs day? What kind of jobs do children do? Why do people prefer to employ children? Is the writer for or against child labour? Justify your answer.

3- What or who do the underlined words refer to in the text? a- Their (1) b- it (2) 4-Give a suitable title to the text. B. Text Exploration

c- it (3)

(07pts)

1- Find in the text words closest in meaning to the following. a- Seldom (2) b- grave (2) c- help (3) 2- Find in the text words opposite in meaning to the following. a- Safe (1) b- hate (2) c- adults (3) 3- Rewrite the sentences using the prompts given in brackets. ABCDEGovernment should find a solution to fight the spread of child labour. (its high time) Children dont have a special legal protection organisation. ( they wish) Factory directors didnt give the employed child a good salary. ( I wish) Parents are poor, so their children work more than 12 hours a day. ( so / that) Children work rather than giving importance to their health and education. (had better)

4- Form opposites by adding the appropriate a prefix to each of the following words. Legal Like... responsible. clear.

5- Put a stress mark on the appropriate syllable. Chemical - statistics - economy Part two: Written expression (06pts) Choose one of the following topics. Topic 1. Suppose you were elected Head of State; write a short public statement saying what you would do to fight child labour. The following notes might help you: to punish both parents and employers to teach children more about their rights organize after school activities to put companies under control to engage many social audits - to encourage people to report any fact of child labour to increase campaigns against child labour. Topic 2. Suppose you are a journalist, you met a child working in a factory of shoes more than 12 hours a day. Make a conversation with him. Mr. Aissa Hadj

Science

Part 1 Reading Read the text carefully then do the activities. A. Comprehension

(15pts) (8 pts)

Ethics in business is the set of moral values that the professionals of any field are expected to respect when they deal either with each other or with the public .In business , ethics represents the attitudes that individuals and firms should comply with in the actions they perform and the decisions they take at every level of their realisations. Such a philosophy does not exist every where because it needs the existence of important conditions to apply it. In societies where both political and cultural conditions exist for making every one obey this practice , the main principles that those engaged in the economic branches should follow involve a good number of the qualities that have always served as the basis for civilisation. Among them we find the obligation to be honest and lawful in ones activities. It is also essential to act in conformity with the spirit of fair competition which imposes the acceptance of new comers in ones sphere and forbids the recourse to the use of monopolisation not only in the spheres of manufacturing and selling goods but also as regards the services which are provided to the community. Next to these aspects , ethics requires from various members and groups of economic sectors the payment of ones taxes to the state and the necessity to treat ones employees with fairness either in the question of salaries or in matters related to the various social benefits they have the right to such as insurance policies , retirement pensions and the protection from professional accidents. To sum up , the moral values in modern societies necessitate from businessmen and companies alike a strict observance of the different precepts on which the efficiency and the prosperity of the whole community depends. 1-Choose the letter (a, b, c, ) which best completes each sentence. - Ethics oblige businessmen to be . a)- unlawful b)-dishonest c)- fair -Fair competition businessmen from using monopolisation. a)- prevents b)- helps c)- facilitates - Ethics help employees to obtain all their a)- duties b)- rights c)- taxes - The use of the moral values goes with the efficiency and the of the whole community. a)- progress b)- decline c)- economy 2-In which paragraph are the rights of the workers mentioned? 3- Reorder the following statements according to the text. a- Businessmen and companies have to take into consideration the development of the whole society. b- Individuals and companies ought to respect the moral values in business. c- Fair competition kills the spirit of monopolisation. d- Moral values in business are very important among the individuals themselves and with the public. 4- Choose the right title. a- Ethics in Business b- Competition and Monopolisation in Business c- The Rights of Workers in Business B- Text Exploration 1- Find in the text words whose definitions follow. a- A set of principles of right conduct (1) b- Consistent with rules, logic, or ethics (2) (07pts)

c- Regular sum of money an employee receives from an employer. (3) d- Enterprises that engage in business (4) 2- Give the opposite of the words keeping the same root. obey - fair - efficiency respect 2-Rephrase the sentences using the prompts given. a- Individuals should comply with the actions they perform ( its high time ) b- Such a philosophy doesnt exist everywhere ( they wish ) c- Businessmen and companies didnt give their employees their rights ( I wish) d- John is a sincere businessman ,so the bank will lend you money ( so / that ) 3- Classify the words according the pronunciation of their final -ed. expected - engaged - served - taxed 4- Fill in the gaps with one word so that the text makes sense . Very often, the businessmen and companies of poor nations . enormous difficulties to engage in the sphere of economy whether at the local . the international level. The world, in which . set foot, is dominated .. an environment the laws of which surpass greatly their capacities and their experiences. Part 2 : Written Expression Choose one of the following topics. Topic 1. Suppose you are working in a company where the moral values are not respected. Write a letter to the minister in which you describe the situation using the following notes ( child labour , false accounting , no safety measures , unhealthy conditions , bad pay..). Topic 2. Suppose you are a successful businessman. Your friend is interested in the job of businessman. Imagine the conversation you had with him / her. Which moral values would you give him / her to succeed in his / her business? Miss Mehadjba, Miss Benterki & Mr. Aissa Hadj (05 pts )