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Release Date: Oct 2006 / Manual Revision: 4.

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RECLOSER CONTROL EVRC2A


USERS MANUAL

ENTEC

ENTEC
ELECTRIC & ELECTRONIC CO., LTD

Copyright 2002 by ENTEC ELECTRIC & ELECTRONIC CO., LTD all right reserved.

Forerunner Distribution & Automation

RECLOSER CONTROL EVRC2A

http://www.entecene.co.kr

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................... 7
1.1. Description .......................................................................................................................... 7 1.2. Summary of Features .......................................................................................................... 8

2. TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS............................................................................... 11
2.1. Inputs and Outputs ............................................................................................................ 11 2.2. Type Withstand Tests......................................................................................................... 13 2.3. Metering Accuracy ............................................................................................................ 14 2.4. Protection Elements........................................................................................................... 15 2.5. Monitoring......................................................................................................................... 18 2.6. Recorder ............................................................................................................................ 19 2.7. Communications................................................................................................................ 21

3. USER INTERFACE PANEL ........................................................................................ 22


3.1. Construction ...................................................................................................................... 23 3.2. LCD Display ..................................................................................................................... 31 3.3. Using the LCD Menu ........................................................................................................ 34

4. SELECT SETBANK ..................................................................................................... 37 5. RELAY SETUP.............................................................................................................. 38


5.1. Passcode ............................................................................................................................ 38 5.2. Communication ................................................................................................................. 39 5.3. Clock ................................................................................................................................. 49 5.4. Time Display Type ............................................................................................................ 49 5.5. Event Recorder.................................................................................................................. 49 5.6. Clear Saved Data............................................................................................................... 50 5.7. Factory Debug ................................................................................................................... 50 5.8. Gas Sensor Type................................................................................................................ 51

6. SYSTEM SETUP........................................................................................................... 52
6.1. Current Sensing ................................................................................................................. 52 6.2. Line VS Sensing................................................................................................................ 54 6.3. Line VL Sensing................................................................................................................ 56

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6.4. System Power .................................................................................................................... 57 6.5. Panel Sleep Time ............................................................................................................... 57 6.6. Opto Input Set - Option ..................................................................................................... 58 6.7. Output Relay Set - Option ................................................................................................. 59 6.8. Loop Control - Option....................................................................................................... 61 6.9. Loop Control Application.................................................................................................. 73

7. PROTECTION .............................................................................................................. 80
7.1. Phase (Fast/Delay) Time Overcurrents (51P).................................................................... 82 7.2. Phase High Current Trip (50P-1)....................................................................................... 86 7.3. Phase High Current Lockout (50P-2) ................................................................................ 88 7.4. Ground (Fast/Delay) Time Overcurrent (51G).................................................................. 90 7.5. Ground High Current Trip (50G-1) ................................................................................... 93 7.6. Ground High Current Lockout (50G-2) ............................................................................ 95 7.7. Sensitive Earth Fault (SEF) ............................................................................................... 97 7.8. Negative Sequence (Fast/Delay) Time Overcurrent (46)............................................................ 99 7.9. Negative Sequence High Current Trip (46(50)-1)........................................................... 101 7.10. Negative Sequence High Current Lockout (46(50)-2)............................................................ 103 7.11. Directional Controls (67)............................................................................................... 105 7.12. Reclose (79)................................................................................................................... 113 7.13. Cold Load Pickup.......................................................................................................... 119 7.14. Sequence Coordination.................................................................................................. 124 7.15. Time Overcurrent Curves .............................................................................................. 126 7.16. Undervoltage (27).......................................................................................................... 153 7.17. Overvoltage (59)............................................................................................................ 155 7.18. Underfrequency Load Shedding (81) ............................................................................ 157 7.19. Other Element................................................................................................................ 159 7.20. Synchronism Check (25) ............................................................................................... 160 7.21. Fault Locator ................................................................................................................. 162

8. METERING................................................................................................................. 164
8.1. Metering Elements .......................................................................................................... 164 8.2. Accuracy.......................................................................................................................... 169

9. MONITORING ........................................................................................................... 170


9.1. Demand ........................................................................................................................... 170 9.2. Synchronism Check......................................................................................................... 173 9.3. Trip Counter .................................................................................................................... 173

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9.4. Recloser Wear.................................................................................................................. 175

10. EVENT RECORDER................................................................................................ 177


10.1. Waveform Capture ........................................................................................................ 177 10.2. System Event Recorder ................................................................................................. 180 10.3. Diagnostic Event Recorder............................................................................................ 182 10.4. Load Profile................................................................................................................... 184

11. INSTALLATION ....................................................................................................... 187


11.1. User Interface Door and Power Switch ......................................................................... 187 11.2. Vent and Outer Cover .................................................................................................... 188 11.3. Dimensions and Mounting Plan .................................................................................... 189 11.4. Earth Wiring Diagram ................................................................................................... 191 11.5. Inner Structure ............................................................................................................... 192 11.6. Mount Accessories Dimensions .................................................................................... 193 11.7. User-Available DC Power ............................................................................................. 194 11.8. Terminal Block and Fuses ............................................................................................. 195 11.9. EVRC2A Wiring Diagram - CVD Type ........................................................................ 196 11.10. EVRC2A Wiring Diagram - VT Type ......................................................................... 197 11.11. Side Panel .................................................................................................................... 198 11.12. Current Inputs Wiring Diagram................................................................................... 199 11.13. CVD Wiring Diagram ................................................................................................. 200 11.14. VT Wiring Diagram..................................................................................................... 201 11.15. Load Side VT Wiring Diagram ................................................................................... 202 11.16. Current and Voltage Inputs Phase Rotation ................................................................. 203 11.17. Control Cable Receptacle Pin Descriptions ................................................................ 204 11.18. Control Cable Assembling / De-assembling................................................................ 206 11.19. AC Power Receptacle Pin Descriptions ...................................................................... 206 11.20. AC Power Cable .......................................................................................................... 207 11.21. Fuses............................................................................................................................ 207 11.22. Battery and Control run time....................................................................................... 208 11.23. Charge Circuit ............................................................................................................. 209 11.24. Battery Change ............................................................................................................ 209 11.25. Communications.......................................................................................................... 210 11.26. Communication Cables ............................................................................................... 211 11.27. Hardware Block Diagram............................................................................................ 212 11.28. Recloser Trip and Close Circuits................................................................................. 213

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11.29. Uninterruptible Power Supply for Trip & Close.......................................................... 214 11.30. Main Board.................................................................................................................. 215 11.31. Analog Board............................................................................................................... 216 11.32. Recloser EVR Wiring Diagram ................................................................................... 217 11.33. Recloser EPR Wiring Diagram.................................................................................... 218 11.34. Recloser Current Transformer (CT) ............................................................................ 219 11.35. Recloser Capacitor Voltage Divider (CVD) ................................................................ 219 11.36. Recloser Pressure Sensor (Only EVR Type) ............................................................... 220 11.37. Recloser 52 contact and 69 contact ............................................................................. 222 11.38. Recloser Trip and Close Coil....................................................................................... 222 11.39. Recloser Test Kit ......................................................................................................... 223

12. MAINTANANCE ...................................................................................................... 224


12.1. Warning Events ............................................................................................................. 224 12.2. Malfunction Events ....................................................................................................... 226

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1. INTRODUCTION
1.1. Description
y EVRC2A with the microprocessor-based digital control technology is designed to provide protective coordination and fault clearance of distribution systems for the continuous best quality of electric service. y Remote monitoring and control can be provided by RTU(Remote Terminal Unit - Option) which fundamentally installed. y EVRC2A provides protection, control, and monitoring functions with both local and remote. It also displays the present trip/alarm conditions, and measured system parameters. y Recording of past trip, alarm or control events, maximum demand levels, and energy metering is also performed. y Users can operate Close and Trip, and also control EVRC2A with key buttons on the user interface panel; Protection Enabled, Ground Enabled, SEF Enabled, Reclose Enabled, Control Locked, Remote enabled, Alternate-settings, Program 1, Program 2, Hot line tag. y Users can manage the Recloser interface software using a portable PC for modification of settings, acquisition of event data, and management of operation history. y EVRC2A contains many T-C characteristic curves developed by IEEE C37.112, IEC255-3, McGraw Edison, and KEPCO to provide fully protective coordination for the continuous best quality of electric distribution. Users can select any time of current curve simply by programming and modifying.

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1.2. Summary of Features


PROTECTION
y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y Phase Instantaneous Over-current Elements Phase Time Over-current Elements Phase Definite Time High Current Lockout Element Ground Instantaneous Over-current Elements Ground Time Over-current Elements Ground Definite Time High Current Lockout Element Sensitive Earth Fault Elements Negative Instantaneous Over-current Elements Negative Time Over-current Elements Negative Definite Time High Current Lockout Element Phase, Neutral, Ground, Sensitive Earth and Negative Sequence Directional Control Automatic Reclosing(Up To 4 Shots) Cold Load Pickup with Voltage Control Sequence Coordination Control Two Under-voltage Elements Two Over-voltage Elements Under-frequency Element

MONITORING
y y y y y y y y y y Fault Locator Demand trip and alarm(Ia, Ib, Ic, Ig, I2) Trip Counter Limit Synchronism Check Recloser main contact Wear(Per Phase) Recloser Operation Failure Voltage Transformer Failure Battery Automatic Load Test Recloser Gas Over and Low pressure Breaker Failure with Current Supervision

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METERING
y y y y y y y y y y Phase, Ground and Sensitive Ground Current Phasors Line and Phase Voltage Phasors Current and Voltage Symmetrical Component Phasors Frequency Magnitude and Rate Synchronizing Voltage Phasor Synchronizing Voltage Frequency Synchronizing Delta, Delta Single and Three Phase Power(MW, Mvar, MVA, PF) Energy(MWh, Mvarh) Maximum Demand(Ia, Ib, Ic, MW, Mvar, MVA)

COMMUNICATIONS
y y y y Front Panel PORT1 RS232 Serial Port : EVRC2A interface software Side panel PORT2 RS232 Serial Port : DNP 3.0 Protocol - Option Side panel PORT3 RS485/422 Serial Port : DNP 3.0 Protocol or Modbus Option Side panel PORT4 RJ45 Port : IEC60870-5-104 Protocol Option

RECORDER
y y y y y Trip and fault counter System event recorder - last 512 events Diagnostic event recorder - last 100 events Load profile recorder - last 42days Fault Waveform - 15 cycles16

USER INTERFACE
y y y y y y y y Fault indicators Manual Battery Load Test: Battery Voltage and Charge Voltage Dual Functional keypads 204 Character Display(LCD or VFD : Vacuum Fluorescent Display) 32 LED indicators - Fault indications, sequence status, battery status, etc RS232 port Context Help Messages Access Security(Passcode)

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AUXILIARY OUTPUTS - Option


y y 7 Programmable Relays 1 Programmable Alarm Relay

AUXILIARY INPUTS - Option


y 8 Opto-isolated Programmable Inputs

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2. TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
2.1. Inputs and Outputs
Systems
y 3phase-3wire or 3phase-4wire, 38 maximum, 800 Amp maximum

Frequency
y 50 / 60 system and ABC/ACB phase rotation

Control Voltage Input


y y AC Voltage Input 110V/220Vac or other voltage (+10%,-15%) Nominal Battery Voltage : 24Vdc

User available DC power Output - Option


y y y DC Power Voltage : 12, 15, 24Vdc DC Power Continuous : 30W DC Power for 10Sec : 70W

Capacitor Voltage Divider Inputs (CVD) - Standard


y y y y Maximum Input Voltage 5V Burden : 2e-6 VA System Voltage : 15, 27, 38 Capacitor value EVR - Phase Capacitor value : 20 EPR - Source Side Phase Capacitor value : 26 - Load Side Phase Capacitor value : 20(Option)

Voltage Transformer Inputs (VT) - Option


y y y Voltage Inputs VA, VB, VC and VL Input Voltage Range : Phase-Neutral Continuous <300V Burden: 0.6VA(300V), 0.2VA(220V), 0.05VA(120V), 0.02VA(67V)

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Current Transformer Inputs (CT)


y y Current Inputs IA,IB,IC and IG, SEF IA,IB,IC,IG Input Current Range 1A Nominal 2A continuous 25A 1 second Burden : 0.38VA(1A) y SEF Input Current Range 0.05A Nominal 0.16A Continuous 0.6A 1 second Burden : 0.0375VA(0.05A)

Control Inputs - Option


y y Control Inputs 8 Channel Nominal Voltages and Operating Range 250Vdc(-15%,+20%) 125Vdc(-15%,+20%) 48Vdc(-15%,+20%) 24Vdc(-15%,+20%) 12Vdc(-10%,+30%) y Operating current : < 5mA at Nominal Voltages

Control Output Contacts - Option


y Control Outputs 8 Channel Normal Open 5 Channel Normal Close 2 Channel ALARM 1 Channel y y y 300Vac / 350Vdc Varistor for differential surge protection Operate / Release time : < 5ms at +20(+68) Maximum operating power (L/R=7ms) (cos=0.4) 125Vdc 48Vdc 24Vdc 250Vac 125Vac 0.1A 0.8A 3A 3A 5A

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2.2. Type Withstand Tests


Dielectric Strength
y CT inputs, VT inputs, Control Power inputs, Opto-isolated inputs and Relay outputs 2(60) for 1 minute

Impulse Voltage
y IEEE C62.45 (1992) Withstand Capability of Relay Systems to Radiated Electromagnetic Interference Transceivers, 6(1.250), 3(820)

Surge Withstand Capability


y y IEEE C37.90.1 - 1989 IEEE SWC Tests for Protective Relays and Relay Systems (3 oscillatory 1 to 1.5, 5 fast transient 1.250) IEEE C37.90.2 - 1987 IEEE Trial-Use Standard, Withstand Capability of Relay Systems to Radiated Electromagnetic Interference from Transceivers, 10 V/m (150 and 450, 5 W transmitter 10)

Vibration Test
y IEC 255-21-1 - 1988 Electrical relays, Part 21 : Vibration, shock, bump, and seismic tests on measuring relays and protection equipment, Section One - Vibration tests (sinusoidal), Class 2

Control Operating Temperature


y y y Operating range : -25+70(-13+158) LCD : -20+70(-4+158) - standard VFD : -40+85(-40+185) - option(Vacuum Fluorescent Display)

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2.3. Metering Accuracy


The harmonic components of current and voltage are removed from the input voltage and current parameters, so all measurements based on these quantities respond to the fundamental components only. Table 2-1. Metering Accuracy
Accuracy Measurements Parameters Phase A RMS Current Phase B RMS Current CURRENT Phase C RMS Current Phase G RMS Current AN (AB) RMS Voltage VOLTAGE BN (BC) RMS Voltage CN (CA) RMS Voltage SYMMETRICAL COMPONENTS POWER FACTOR 3REAL POWER 3REACTIVE POWER 3APPARENT POWER WATT-HOURS I1, I2, 3I0 V1, V2, 3V0 Phase A, B, C 3 Phase Phase A, B, C 3 Phase Phase A, B, C 3 Phase Phase A, B, C 3 Phase Phase A, B, C 3 Phase Phase A/B/C/G Current A/B/C, 3 Real Power DEMAND A/B/C, 3 Reactive Power A/B/C, 3 Apparent Power A-N (A-B) Source FREQUENCY Load Voltage MW/h A MW Mvar MVA MVA Mvar MW Rate A 1% of 2 x CT 2.5% 0.05 1% of 2 x CT 1% 0.02 2.5% 1% A 1% of 2 x CT 1% of 2 x CT 20 x CT Unit CVD VT Range

-1.00 to 1.00

3%

2%

320.00 to 320.00

3%

2%

320.00 to 320.00

3%

2%

320.00 to 320.00

5% 2% 5% 5% 5% 0.05

3% 2% 3% 3% 3% 0.02

32000 to 32000

40.00 to 65.00

If the VT connection type is set to delta, all single phase voltage quantities are displayed as zero.

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2.4. Protection Elements


Phase/Ground/Negative Sequence Time Overcurrent Protection Phase/Negative Pickup Level.................................... 0.04 to 3.20 in steps of 0.01 x CT Ground Pickup Level ................................................ 0.02 to 3.20 in steps of 0.01 x CT Dropout Level ........................................................... 96 to 98% of Pickup Curve Type ANSI : Moderately, Normally, Very, Extremely, Short Inverse, Definite Time (1s ,10s) IEC : Standard, Very, Extremely, Long, Short Inverse ESB : Normally, Very, Long Very Inverse User programmable curves : U1, U2, U3, U4 McGraw-Edison : Non Standard Curves 37 Time dial ................................................................... 0.05 to 15.00 in steps of 0.01 Time adder................................................................. 0.00 to 10.00 in steps of 0.01 Minimum Response time .......................................... 0.00 to 10.00 in steps of 0.01 Reset Type ................................................................. Instantaneous/Linear Pickup Level Accuracy.............................................. 5% Timing Accuracy ....................................................... 5% of trip time or 20 Phase/Ground/Negative Sequence Instantaneous Overcurrent Protection Pickup Level.............................................................. 0.10 to 20.00 in steps of 0.01 x CT Dropout Level ........................................................... 95 to 98% of Pickup Time Delay ................................................................ 0.00 to 10.00 in steps of 0.01s Active Trip ................................................................ 1 to 5 in steps of 1 Pickup Level Accuracy.............................................. 5% Timing Accuracy ....................................................... at 0 time delay (50 max) 5% of trip time or 20 Phase/Ground/Negative Sequence High Current Lockout Protection Pickup Level.............................................................. 0.10 to 20.00 in steps of 0.01 x CT Dropout Level ........................................................... 95 to 98% of Pickup Time Delay ................................................................ 0.00 to 10.00 in steps of 0.01s Active Trip ................................................................ 1 to 5 in steps of 1 Pickup Level Accuracy.............................................. 5% Timing Accuracy ....................................................... at 0 time delay (50 max) 5% of trip time or 20

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Sensitive Earth Definite Time Overcurrent Protection Pickup Level..............................................................0.005 to 0.1600 in steps of 0.001 xCT Dropout Level ...........................................................95 to 98% of Pickup Time Delay ................................................................0.00 to 10.00 in steps of 0.01s Pickup Level Accuracy..............................................5% Timing Accuracy .......................................................at 0 time delay (50 max) 5% of trip time or 20 Phase Directional Control Polarizing Voltage .....................................................Positive Sequence Voltage V1 Maximum Torque Angle............................................0 to 359 in steps of 1 Angle Accuracy ......................................................... 2 Internal Operation Delay ...........................................1.5cycle Ground/Sensitive Earth Directional Control Polarizing Voltage .....................................................Zero Sequence Voltage Vo For voltage element polarizing the source VTs must be connected in Wye Maximum Torque Angle............................................0 to 359 in steps of 1 Angle Accuracy ......................................................... 2 Internal Operation Delay ...........................................1.5cycle Negative Directional Control Polarizing Voltage .....................................................Negative Sequence Voltage V2 Maximum Torque Angle............................................0 to 359 in steps of 1 Angle Accuracy ......................................................... 2 Internal Operation Delay ...........................................1.5cycle Reclose Control Operations to Lockout - phase trip ............................1 to 5 in steps of 1 Operations to Lockout - ground trip..........................1 to 5 in steps of 1 Operations to Lockout - SEF trip ..............................1 to 5 in steps of 1 Operations to Lockout - Negative Seq trip...............1 to 5 in steps of 1 Operations of Fast curve - phase trip.........................0 to 5 in steps of 1 Operations of Fast curve - ground trip ......................0 to 5 in steps of 1 Operations of Fast curve - Negative Seq trip ...........0 to 5 in steps of 1

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Reclose interval 1 ...................................................... 0.50 to 600.00 in steps of 0.01 Reclose interval 2 ...................................................... 1.00 to 600.00 in steps of 0.01 Reclose interval 3 ...................................................... 1.00 to 600.00 in steps of 0.01 Reclose interval 4 ...................................................... 1.00 to 600.00 in steps of 0.01 Reset time for Auto Reclose Cycle ........................... 1.00 to 600.00 in steps of 0.01 Reset time from lockout ............................................ 1.00 to 600.00 in steps of 0.01 Timing Accuracy ....................................................... 5% Cold Load Pickup Blocking Phase Pickup Level ................................................... 0.10 to 20.00 in steps of 0.01 x CT Ground Pickup Level ................................................ 0.10 to 20.00 in steps of 0.01 x CT SEF Pickup Level...................................................... 0.10 to 20.00 in steps of 0.01 x CT Negative Seq Pickup Level ...................................... 0.10 to 20.00 in steps of 0.01 x CT Reset Level................................................................ 95 to 98% of Nominal Pickup Outage Time .............................................................. 0.00 to 600.00 in steps of 0.01s Restore Minimum Time ............................................ 0.00 to 600.00 in steps of 0.01s Reset Time................................................................. 0.00 to 600.00 in steps of 0.01s Pickup Level Accuracy.............................................. 5% Timing Accuracy ....................................................... at 0 time delay (50 max) 5% of trip time or 20 Undervoltage 1/2 Protection Pickup Level.............................................................. 0.00 to 1.25 in steps of 0.01 x VT Minimum Voltage...................................................... 0.00 to 1.25 x VT in steps of 0.01 Dropout Level ........................................................... 95 to 98% of Pickup Time Delay ................................................................ 0.00 to 600.00 in steps of 0.01s Active Phases ............................................................ Any One/Any Two/All Three Timing Accuracy ....................................................... 20 Overvoltage 1/2 Protection Pickup Level.............................................................. 0.00 to 1.25 in steps of 0.01 x VT Dropout Level ........................................................... 95 to 98% of Pickup Time Delay ................................................................ 0.00 to 600.00 in steps of 0.01s Active Phases ............................................................ Any One/Any Two/All Three Timing Accuracy ....................................................... 20

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Underfrequency 1/2 Minimum Voltage......................................................0.00 to 1.25 in steps of 0.01 x VT in Phase A Pickup Level..............................................................40.00 to 65.00 in steps of 0.01 Dropout Level ...........................................................at VT Pickup + 0.02 at CVD Pickup+0.05 Time Delay ................................................................0.00 to 600.00 in steps of 0.01s (definite time) Level Accuracy..........................................................at VT 0.02, at CVD 0.05 Timing Accuracy .......................................................2cycle

2.5. Monitoring
Demand Measured Values........................................................Phase A/B/C/G Current(A) Phase A/B/C/G 3 Real Power(MW) Phase A/B/C/G 3 Reactive Power(Mvar) Phase A/B/C/G 3 Apparent Power(MVA) Measurement Type ....................................................Thermal Exponential/Rolling Demand Time Constant ...........................................................5, 10, 15, 20, 30 or 60 min. Phase Pickup Level ...................................................0.04 to 3.20 in steps of 0.01 x CT Ground Pickup Level.................................................0.02 to 3.20 in steps of 0.01 x CT Negative Seq Pickup Level ......................................0.04 to 3.20 in steps of 0.01 x CT Level Accuracy.......................................................... 5% Synchronism Check Dead Voltage Maximum............................................0.00 to 1.25 in steps of 0.01 x VT Live Voltage Maximum.............................................0.00 to 1.25 in steps of 0.01 x VT Maximum Voltage Difference ...................................0.00 to 1.25 in steps of 0.01 x VT Maximum Angle Difference......................................0 to 100 in steps of 1 Maximum Frequency Difference ..............................0.00 to 5.00 in steps of 0.01 Synchro-check Phase.................................................R(AB), S(CB), T of Load side Trip Counters Number of Pickup Limit............................................1 to 20000 in steps of 1 Trip Counter Set ........................................................0 to 10000 in steps of 1

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Recloser Wear Pickup Wear .............................................................. 0 to 100% in steps of 0.1 Rate System............................................................... 15, 27, 38 Rate Interrupt()...................................................... 5.0 to 50.0 in steps of 0.1 Number of Maximum Interruption............................ 1 to 999 in steps of 1 Set Phase A Wear....................................................... 0.0 to 100.0 % in steps of 0.1 Set Phase B Wear ...................................................... 0.0 to 100.0 % in steps of 0.1 Set Phase C Wear ...................................................... 0.0 to 100.0 % in steps of 0.1

2.6. Recorder
WAVEFORM CAPTURE
y Trigger Source Protection pickup Elements Trip command active y y y y Data Channels 4 currents, 3 voltages, Frequency, 32 logic input states, 8ch output relays, 8ch Input Sample Rate : 16 per cycle Trigger Position : 1 to 15cycle Storage capacity : 16 events with 15cycle

SYSTEM EVENT RECORDER


y Trigger Source Protection Elements 52A Contact Sequence status Front panel control AC supply External control Fail operation External input status System alarm y y y Trigger Time : each 1/4 cycle Trigger type : Pick up and Dropout Storage Capacity : Last 500 Events

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DIAGNOSTIC EVENT RECORDER


y Trigger Source System Power(AC, Battery, 12V, +5V) A/D Conversion(A/D Fail, Reference Voltage1, Reference Voltage 2) Sleep Mode Power Down Mode Setting Change Gas Status y y y Trigger Time : each 1/4 cycle Trigger type : Pick up and Dropout Storage Capacity : Last 100 Events

LOAD PROFILE
y Trigger Source Demand Current(A, B, C, G) Demand Real Power(A, B, C, 3) Demand Reactive Power(A, B, C, 3) Trigger Time : 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, 60minute y Storage Capacity : Total 1024 Events, 42days/60min.

COUNTER
y y y Trip : 0 to 65534 Fault : 0 to 65534 System Restart : 0 to 65534

RECLOSER WEAR
y y y Phase A Wear : 0.0 to 100.0% Phase B Wear : 0.0 to 100.0% Phase C Wear : 0.0 to 100.0%

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2.7. Communications
Table 2-2. Communications Front Panel Port1 Side panel Port2 - Option RS232, 19200bps, No Parity, 8 Data Bits, 1 Stop bit EVRC2A interface software RS232, 1200-19200bps, No Parity, 8 Data bits, 1 Stop bit DNP 3.0 Protocol RS485/422, 1200-19200bps, None, Odd orEven Parity, 7 or 8 Side panel Port3 Option Data bits, 1 or 2 Stop bit Modbus Protocol, DNP 3.0 Protocol Side panel Port4 Option RJ-45, 10BASE-T/100BASE-T IEC60870-5-104 Protocol

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3. USER INTERFACE PANEL


This section describes the User Interface Panel(front-panel) The User interface Panel control is used for; y y y y y y Directly control the recloser Verify control status View system status View metering value View information stored in the EVRC2A unit View and change the EVRC2A settings

Figure 3-1. User Interface Panel

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3.1. Construction
Panel consists of 8 sections as below; y y y y y y y y Operation section Local control section Fault indication section Voltage elements section Sequence status section System diagnostic section Battery test section Menu control section

3.1.1. Operation Section


OPEN Pressing OPEN push-button sends a trip signal to the Recloser. CLOSE Pressing CLOSE push-button sends a close signal to the Recloser. Units operating with firmware version 2.18 or later have a feature of Close Time Delay. The Close Time Delay allows a delay of 0.00 to 600.00 seconds after pressing the close push-button before closing the recloser POSITION LED Indicates the position of the Recloser. Position indicator is based on the Recloser 52a contacts.

Figure 3-2. Operation Section

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3.1.2. Local Control Section


All indicators show status of Control function. The indicators are continuously ON when the control function is enable and the indicators are continuously OFF when control function is DISABLE. The push-button toggles Enable/Disable PROTECTION ENABLED All Protection elements are enabled GROUND ENABLED Ground Protection elements are disabled SEF ENABLED SEF Protection elements are disabled RECLOSE ENABLED Reclose function is enabled CONTROL LOCKED Front panel function is unlocked REMOTE ENABLED Remote control is disabled ALTERNATE SETTINGS Alternate setting is disable Primary Setting is enable PROGRAM 1 Program 1 function is disabled PROGRAM 2 Program 2 function is disabled HOT LINE TAG Hot Line Tag function is disabled Figure 3-3. Local Control Section

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Protection Enabled When illuminated, all protection elements are enabled. The protection enabled condition can be disabled by pressing the Protection Enabled push button on the front panel. The front panel LED will illuminate on either source of all protection enabling. NOTE : Although all protection elements are enabled, ground protection elements and SEF element are operated individually Ground Enabled When Ground Enable LED is ON, the ground over-current elements are enabled. The enabled Ground can be disabled by pressing the Ground Enabled push-button on the front panel. SEF Enabled When SEF Enable LED is on, the Sensitive Earth Fault(SEF) element is enabled. The enabled SEF can be disabled by pressing the SEF Enabled push-button on the front panel. Reclose Enabled When Reclose Enable LED is on, the reclose(79) element is enabled. The enabled reclose element can be disabled by pressing the Rcloser Enabled push-button on the front panel. Control Locked When Control Locked LED is on, all functions in operation section and all functions in Local control section are locked. These can be unlocked by pressing the Control Locked push-button on the front panel NOTE : Even though Control Locked function is locked, OPEN, Lamp Test, Battery Load Test and menu control section can be normally operated. Remote Enabled When Remote Enabled LED is on, all remote control function (e.g. SCADA system) are enabled. This can be disabled by pressing the Remote Enabled push-button on the front panel. SCADA control refers to supported communications protocol such as DNP3.0 Alternate Enabled When Alternate Enabled LED is on, the Alternate setting is activated. When Alternate Enabled LED is off, the primary setting is activated.

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Program 1 A function installed in Program1 is operated when Program1 LED is On. Depending on users request, Manufacturer sets a function in Program1. Program 2 A function installed in Program2 is operated when Program1 LED is On. Depending on users request, Manufacturer sets a function in Program2. Hot Line Tag When Hot Line Tag LED is on, the Hot Line Tag function is enabled.

3.1.3. Fault Indication Section


Indicates current on the phase or neutral lines is above the minimum pickup setting as programmed in any of the EVRC2A over-current elements y y y y y y y y y y y Phase Instantaneous over-current Elements Phase Time over-current Elements Phase Definite Time High Current Lockout Element Ground Instantaneous over-current Elements Ground Time over-current Elements Ground Definite Time High Current Lockout Element Sensitive Ground Time Over-current Elements Negative Instantaneous over-current Elements Negative Time over-current Elements Negative Definite Time High Current Lockout Element Phase, Neutral, Ground, Sensitive Ground, and Negative Sequence Directional Control

Figure 3-4. Fault Indication Section

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TRIP TYPE y y y INST : Shows high current trip (50-1) DELAY : Shows delay trip(51) HIGH CURR : Shows high current lockout(50-2)

FAULT INDICATION y y y y A, B, C : Indicates an over-current fault has occurred on one of the phase lines G : Indicates an over-current fault has occurred on the neutral line SEF : Indicates a sensitive earth fault has occurred on the neutral line FI RESET : Reset fault indication/Lamp test

3.1.4. Voltage Elements Section


Indicates that voltage pickup element is operated. y y y y Two Under voltage Elements Two Over voltage Elements Synchronism Element Under frequency Element

27 : Under voltage pickup 59 : Over voltage pickup 25 : Synchronism check pickup 81 : Under frequency pickup

Figure 3-5. Voltage Elements Section

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3.1.5. Sequence Status Section


Indicates the current status of programmed sequence procedure. RESET : Sequence shows resetting CYCLE : Sequence shows running LOCKOUT : Sequence shows lockout

Figure 3-6. Sequence Status Section

3.1.6. System Diagnostic Section


Indicates Diagnostic status of the EVRC2A. Control run indicates (green) the EVRC2A has successfully passed its internal diagnostic test. Self Check (Red) indicates the EVRC2A has failed its internal diagnostic test. CONTROL RUN Status of EVRC2A systems shows normal SELF CHECK Status of EVRC2A systems shows warning Figure 3-7. System Diagnostic Section NOTE : Control Run LED is blinking when system functional status is normal

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3.1.7. Battery Test Section


Indicates the system power status of the EVRC2A. AC supply indicates the EVRC2A has external power source. Charge indicates the EVRC2A is charging Battery. Discharge indicates the EVRC2A has failed battery load testing. AC SUPPLY Status of supplying the external AC power. CHARGE Status of charging the battery. DISCHARGE Status of discharged battery. BATTERY LOAD TEST Push-button for battery load test. LCD displays during Battery Load Testing.
[BATTERY TEST MODE] LOAD(V) : 25.00 CHARGE(V): 26.50 STATUS : CHARGE

Figure 3-8. Battery Test Section

Figure 3-9. Battery Test Mode

3.1.8. Menu Control Section


The Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) of the EVRC2A displays four lines of twenty characters each. LCD DISPLAY 4x20 Characters display CONTROL KEYS [] [] [] [] Arrow keys are used for the moving between the menu window and the changing of the setting value [] (METER) : Up arrow key is used to move to the meter menu, operable in menu starting mode [] (AWAKE) : Down arrow key is used for panel awake from sleep mode [] (EVENT) : Left arrow key is used to move to the event menu, operable in menu starting mode [] (SET) : Right arrow key is used to move to the setting menu, operable in menu starting mode [FUN] : To move to main menu when present mode is in starting mode [ESC] : To cancel for data input mode or return the display to the previous level [ENT] : To select sub menu or data input

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Figure 3-10. Menu Control Section [FUN] Key Press [FUN] key to enter Main menu for displaying information or changing settings. [FUN] key is also used to display a help message in setting change mode and to cancel the help message display. [ESC] Key The ESC key can be used to cancel data input mode and return to the previous menu. [ENT] Key ENT key is used to select a menu by using Up and Down arrow key. Enter key is also used to accept a new setting by using Up or down arrow key. [] [] Key Use the left and right arrow keys to move cursor when you are in the data input mode and when you change display message. [] [] Key Use Up and Down arrow keys to move through the various menus and to decrease or increase value when you are in the data input mode.

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3.2. LCD Display


y y y y 20 x 4 Character Display(LCD or VFD : Vacuum Fluorescent Display) All menus are arranged in rotation algorism. When cursor is in top menu, if you press [] key, you go to the bottom menu due to Rotation Menu Algorism. Displays Context Help Message.

3.2.1. Main Menu Summary


EVRC2A has 6 Setting Menu BANKs which can be changed individually. BANK in Primary Setting Menu is applied to System, BANK in Alternate Setting/EditBank Setting Menu is not applied to System. Press [Alternate Enabled] button, when the lamp is on, Alternate setting Menu is applied to the system. EditBank Setting is used for setting value. EVRC2A Main Menu consists of 8 sub-menus.
[MAIN MENU] 1.SELECT SETBANK 2.PRIMARY SETTING 3.ALTERNATE SETTING 4.EDITBANK SETTING 5.STATUS 6.METERING 7.MAINTENANCE 8.EVENT RECORDER

[PRIMARY SETTING] 1.RELAY SETUP 2.SYSTEM SETUP 3.PROTECTION 4.MONITORING 5.SAVE SETTINGS

[ALTERNATE SETTING] 1.RELAY SETUP 2.SYSTEM SETUP 3.PROTECTION 4.MONITORING 5.SAVE SETTINGS

[EDITBANK SETTING] 1.RELAY SETUP 2.SYSTEM SETUP 3.PROTECTION 4.MONITORING 5.SAVE SETTINGS

[STATUS] 1.OPTO INPUTS 2.RELAY OUTPUTS 3.CLOCK 4.CONTROL TYPE

[METERING] 1.CURRENT 2.VOLTAGE 3.FREQUENCY 4.SYNCHRO VOLTAGE 5.POWER 6.ENERGY 7.DEMAND 8.SYSTEM

[MAINTENANCE] 1.COUNTERS 2.WEAR MONITOR 3.OUTPUT RELAY TEST

[EVENT RECORDER] 1.FAULT CYCLE 2.SYSTEM STATUS 3.LOAD PROFILE 4.DIAGNOSTIC

Figure 3-11. Main Menu Tree

3.2.2. Select Setbank


Consists of Primary, Alternate, Edit. y y y Primary : Select BANK to be applied to System. Alternate : Press [Alternate Enable] button and select a BANK to apply in the system. Edit : Select a BANK to edit.

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3.2.3. Primary Setting


RELAY SETUP Consists of PASSCODE, COMMUNICATION, CLOCK, TIME DISPTYPE, EVENT RECORDER, CLEAR SAVED DATA, FACTORY DEBUG., GAS SENSOR TYPE SYSTEM SETUP Consists of CURRENT SENSING, LINE (VS, VL), SYSTEM POWER, PANEL SLEEP TIME, OPTO INPUT SET, OUTPUT RELAY. PROTECTION Set items related to protection elements. MONITORING Set items related to measurement and maintenance. SAVE SETTINGS Save all changed values.

3.2.4. Alternate Setting


The same as PRIMARY SETTING

3.2.5. Editbank Setting


The same as PRIMARY SETTING

3.2.6. Status
OPTO INPUT : Shows status of External port. RELAY OUTPUT : Shows status of Output port. CLOCK : Shows the present time. CONTROL TYPE : Shows specs of Hardware.

3.2.7. Metering
Shows metering values. For more details, refer to (see 8. METERING)

3.2.8. Maintenance
COUNTER : Shows counters related with SYSTEM. WEAR MONITOR : Shows any damage Interrupter. RELAY OUTPUT TEST : Test External Output port. For more details, refer to (see 9. MONITORING)

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3.2.9. Event Recorder


Shows about Event recorder items. For more details, refer to (see 10. EVENT RECORDER)

[LINE [LINE CURRENT(A)] CURRENT(A)] A: 0 0 A: 0 B: B: 0 C: 0 0 C: 0 G: G: 0 SG: 0 I2: 0 SG: 0 I2: 0 [ZERO [ZERO SEQ SEQ CURRENT] CURRENT] 0 0A A 000.0 000.0 Leg Leg [POS [POS SEQ SEQ CURRENT] CURRENT] 0 A 000.0 Leg 0 A 000.0 Leg [NEG [NEG SEQ SEQ CURRENT] CURRENT] 0 0A A 000.0 000.0 Leg Leg [SENSTV [SENSTV CURRENT] CURRENT] 0 A 000.0 Leg 0 A 000.0 Leg [PHASE [PHASE C C CURRENT] CURRENT] 0 0A A 000.0 000.0 Leg Leg [GROUND [GROUND CURRENT] CURRENT] 0 A 000.0 Leg 0 A 000.0 Leg [PHASE [PHASE A A CURRENT] CURRENT] 0 0A A 000.0 000.0 Leg Leg [PHASE [PHASE B B CURRENT] CURRENT] 0 A 000.0 Leg 0 A 000.0 Leg

[PRIMARY [PRIMARY SETTING] SETTING] 1.RELAY 1.RELAY SETUP SETUP 2.SYSTEM 2.SYSTEM SETUP SETUP 3.PROTECTION 3.PROTECTION 4.MONITORING 4.MONITORING 5.SAVE 5.SAVE SETTINGS SETTINGS [ALTERNATE [ALTERNATE SETTING] SETTING] 1.RELAY 1.RELAY SETUP SETUP 2.SYSTEM SETUP 2.SYSTEM SETUP 3.PROTECTION 3.PROTECTION 4.MONITORING 4.MONITORING 5.SAVE 5.SAVE SETTINGS SETTINGS [EDITBANK [EDITBANK SETTING] SETTING] 1.RELAY 1.RELAY SETUP SETUP 2.SYSTEM 2.SYSTEM SETUP SETUP 3.PROTECTION 3.PROTECTION 4.MONITORING 4.MONITORING 5.SAVE 5.SAVE SETTINGS SETTINGS

[RELAY [RELAY SETTUP] SETTUP] 1.PASSCODE 1.PASSCODE 2.COMMUNICATION 2.COMMUNICATION 3.CLOCK 3.CLOCK 4.TIME 4.TIME DISTYPE DISTYPE 5.EVENT 5.EVENT RECORDER RECORDER 6.CLEAR 6.CLEAR SAVED SAVED DATA DATA 7.FACTORY 7.FACTORY DEBUG DEBUG 8.GAS SENSOR TYPE 8.GAS SENSOR TYPE [SYSTEM [SYSTEM SETTUP] SETTUP] 1.CURRENT 1.CURRENT SENSING SENSING 2.LINE VS SENSING 2.LINE VS SENSING 3.LINE 3.LINE VL VL SENSING SENSING 4.SYSTEM 4.SYSTEM POWER POWER 5.PANEL 5.PANEL SLEEP SLEEP TIME TIME 6.OPTO 6.OPTO INPUT INPUT SET SET 7.OUTPUT 7.OUTPUT RELAY RELAY SET SET 8.LOOP 8.LOOP CONTROL CONTROL [PROTECTION] [PROTECTION] 1.OPERATION 1.OPERATION 2.INTERVALS 2.INTERVALS 3.PICKUP 3.PICKUP CURRENT CURRENT 4.PHASE 4.PHASE FAST FAST 5.PHASE DELAY 5.PHASE DELAY 6.GROUND 6.GROUND FAST FAST 7.GROUND 7.GROUND DELAY DELAY 8.SEF 8.SEF ELEMENT ELEMENT 9.NEG SEQ 9.NEG SEQ FAST FAST 10.NEG 10.NEG SEQ SEQ DELAY DELAY 11.H/C 11.H/C TRIP-PHA TRIP-PHA 12.H/C 12.H/C TRIP-GND TRIP-GND 13.H/C 13.H/C TRIP-NEQ TRIP-NEQ 14.H/C 14.H/C LOCKOUT-PHA LOCKOUT-PHA 15.H/C 15.H/C LOCKOUT-GND LOCKOUT-GND 16.H/C 16.H/C LOCKOUT-NEQ LOCKOUT-NEQ 17.COLD 17.COLD LOAD LOAD PICKUP PICKUP 18.DIRECTION 18.DIRECTION 19.VOLTAGE 19.VOLTAGE 20.FREQUENCY 20.FREQUENCY 21.OTHER 21.OTHER ELEMENT ELEMENT 22.USER 22.USER CURVE CURVE SET SET [MONITORING] [MONITORING] 1.DEMAND 1.DEMAND 2.SYNCHROCHECK 2.SYNCHROCHECK 3.TRIP 3.TRIP COUNTER COUNTER 4.RECLOSER 4.RECLOSER WEAR WEAR 5.BATTRY 5.BATTRY TEST TEST 6.FAULT 6.FAULT LOCATOR LOCATOR [DIRECTION [DIRECTION ELEMENT] ELEMENT] 1.PHASE 1.PHASE DIRECTION DIRECTION 2.GROUND 2.GROUND DIRECTION DIRECTION 3.SEF 3.SEF DIRECTION DIRECTION 4.NEQ 4.NEQ DIRECTION DIRECTION [VOLTAGE] [VOLTAGE] 1.UNDER 1.UNDER VOLTAGE VOLTAGE 1 1 2.UNDER 2.UNDER VOLTAGE VOLTAGE 2 2 3.OVER 3.OVER VOLTAGE VOLTAGE 1 1 4.OVER 4.OVER VOLTAGE VOLTAGE 2 2 [FREQUENCY] [FREQUENCY] 1.UNDER 1.UNDER FREQUENCY FREQUENCY [USER [USER CURVE CURVE SET] SET] 1.USER 1.USER CURVE CURVE 1 1 2.USER 2.USER CURVE CURVE 2 2 3.USER 3.USER CURVE CURVE 3 3 4.USER 4.USER CURVE CURVE 4 4

RECLOSER RECLOSER CONTROL CONTROL EVERC2A EVERC2A ENTEC ENTEC E&E E&E CO. CO. V4.41 V4.41 F U N [MAIN [MAIN MENU] MENU] 1.SELECT 1.SELECT SETBANK SETBANK 2.PRIMARY 2.PRIMARY SETTING SETTING 3.ALTERNATE 3.ALTERNATE SETTING SETTING 4.EDITBANK 4.EDITBANK SETTING SETTING 5.STATUS 5.STATUS 6.METERING 6.METERING 7.MAINTENANCE 7.MAINTENANCE 8.EVENT 8.EVENT RECORDER RECORDER

[STATUS] [STATUS] 1.OPTO 1.OPTO INPUTS INPUTS 2.RELAY 2.RELAY OUTPUTS OUTPUTS 3.CLOCK 3.CLOCK 4.CONTROL 4.CONTROL TYPE TYPE [METERING] [METERING] 1.CURRENT 1.CURRENT 2.VOLTAGE 2.VOLTAGE 3.FREQUENCY 3.FREQUENCY 4.SYNCHRO 4.SYNCHRO VOLTAGE VOLTAGE 5.POWER 5.POWER 6.ENERGY 6.ENERGY 7.DEMAND 7.DEMAND 8.SYSTEM 8.SYSTEM [MAINTENANCE] [MAINTENANCE] 1.COUNTERS 1.COUNTERS 2.WEAR 2.WEAR MONITOR MONITOR 3.OUTPUT 3.OUTPUT RELAY RELAY TEST TEST [EVENT [EVENT RECORDER] RECORDER] 1.FAULT 1.FAULT CYCLE CYCLE 2.SYSTEM 2.SYSTEM STATUS STATUS 3.LOAD 3.LOAD PROFILE PROFILE 4.DIAGNOSTIC 4.DIAGNOSTIC

RECLOSER RECLOSER CONTROL CONTROL EVERC2A EVERC2A ENTEC ENTEC E&E E&E CO. CO. V4.41 V4.41

ENT

EVRC2A EVRC2A CURRENT CURRENT (A) (A) A: 0 0 A: 0 B: B: 0 C: 0 0 C: 0 G: G: 0 SG: 0 0 SG: 0 I2: I2: 0

ENT

EVRC2ASYSTEM EVRC2ASYSTEM STATUS STATUS CONTROL CONTROL : : NORMAL NORMAL BREAKER BREAKER : : OPEN OPEN BAT: BAT: 25.12 25.12 GAS: GAS: 0.50 0.50

ENT

Please press the [ENT] key to select an INITIAL LOGO among (1), (2), (3) (Control Firmware Version 3.01 higher support) Figure 3-12. Menu Structure Tree

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3.3. Using the LCD Menu


Starting mode Screen appears after powering on Control and initializing System. INITING LOGO
RECLOSER CONTROL EVRC2A ENTEC E&E CO. V4.41

Starting mode Message Display. System Name : RECLOSER CONTROL EVRC2A Manufacturer : ENTEC Electric & Electronic Co., Ltd Control Firmware Version : 4.41

On Starting mode screen, to see Main Menu, press [FUN] key. Use [] [] key to select submenu. When cursor is in top menu, if you press [] key, you go to the bottom menu due to Rotation Menu Algorism. MAIN MENU
[MAIN MENU] >1.SELECT SETBANK 2.PRIMARY SETTING 3.ALTERNATE SETTING 4.EDITBANK SETTING 5.STATUS 6.METERING 7.MAINTENANCE 8.EVENT RECORDER

Main Menu consists of 8 sub-menu. You can choose any sub-menu by using [] [] key. Press [ENT] key to select the sub-menu.

As above explanation, you can move and select sub-menu.

3.3.1. View Example


To see External input port status. Move to MAIN MENU / STATUS / OPTO INPUT. The following screen is displayed. STATUS / OPTO INPUTS
[OPTO Input Input Input Input Input Input Input Input INPUTS] 1: OPEN 2: CLOSE 3: OPEN 4: OPEN 5: OPEN 6: OPEN 7: OPEN 8: CLOSE

OPEN : Shows External Input is de-asserted, CLOSE : Shows External Input is asserted. Only 4 lines are displayed on LCD Screen, use [] [] key to see next lines.

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3.3.2. Setting Example


Step to change Phase Pickup current of protection elements in Primary setting. 1) Move to PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / PICKUP CURRENT / PHASE. A following screen is displayed. PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / PICKUP CURRENT / PHASE
[PICKUP CURRENT xCT] >Phase: 0.50 Ground: 0.25 S.E.F: 0.010

Range

OFF, 0.04 ~ 3.20 Step 0.01

Default 0.50 Setting value x CT Phase Ratio

Ex) When CT ratio is 1000:1and setting value is 0.50, Pickup Current : 0.50 x 1000 = 500A 2) As above screen, to move to Phase, use [] [] key and press [ENT] key to move into value column. 3) Use [] [] keys and [] [] keys to change a new value. Press [ENT] key, then you see the changed Phase value. NOTE : You must save all changed values at Setting Save menu.

3.3.3. Help Function


Help function displays the detail requirements for the setting. User can check the detail requirements of a setting after selecting the setting item by pressing [FUN] key. Help Message
Pick up current - ph >Phase: 0.50 Ground: 0.25 S.E.F: 0.010

Help Message : Pickup current - phase (OFF,0.01-3.20 x CT phase ratio)

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3.3.4. Setting Save


To save all changed values, steps are as follows; Move to PRIMARY SETTING / SAVE SETTING and follow each step as below. PRIMARY SETTING / SAVE SETTING 1) Type Passcode and press [ENT] key
ENTER PASSCODE 0000

2) If Passcode is correct, screen (Left) appears; otherwise screen


SETTING VALUE SAVE <ENT>:SETTING SAVE

(Left) appears again. 3) If screen appears, press [ENT] key to save changed value. System will restart with changed values. Screen shows SAVE SETTING is done.
SETTING CHANGE

!! SYSTEM STOP !!

SETTING CHANGE !!SYSTEM RESTART !!

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4. SELECT SETBANK
There were only Primary and Alternative banks below version 4.40. Higher than 4.40 version has included 4 more banks. EVRC2A has 6 setting banks and the user can have 6 different sets depending on Distribution circumstance. SELECT SETBNAK / PRIMARY
[SELECT SETBANK] >Primary: BANK1 Alternate: BANK2 Edit: BANK3

Range

BANK1 ~ 6 Step ~

Default BANK1 Set Primary for BANK1.

SELECT SETBNAK / ALTERNATE


[SELECT SETBANK] >Primary: BANK1 >Alternate: BANK2 Edit: BANK3

Range

BANK1 ~ 6 Default ~

Default BANK2 Set Alternate for BANK2.

SELECT SETBNAK / EDIT


[SELECT SETBANK] >Primary: BANK1 >Alternate: BANK2 >Edit: BANK3

Range

BANK1 ~ 6 Default ~

Default BANK3 Set Edit for BANK3.

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5. RELAY SETUP
Relay set shall be set independently for each bank. However, after version 4.41, regardless of bank, it will be applied to all other banks if it is set in a bank. Sets following items for Relay y y y y y y y y Passcode Communication Clock Time DisType Event Recorder Clear Saved Data Factory Debug Gas Sensor Type

5.1. Passcode
PRIMARY SETTING / RELAY SETUP / PASSCODE
[PASSCODE CHANGE] ENTER PASSCODE 0000

y Press PASSCODE to store changed value. y PASSCODE has 4 digits. y Passcode change procedure is as follows; Enter the old PASSCODE, and press [ENT] key. Enter new PASSCODE, and press [ENT] key. To change and store PASSCODE, enter, [ENT] key. After changing PASSCODE, new PASSCODE will be displayed.

[PASSCODE CHANGE] ENTER NEW PASSCODE 0000

[PASSCODE CHANGE] ENTER NEW PASSCODE 0000 PRESS <ENT> TO SAVE

[PASSCODE CHANGE] ENTER NEW PASSCODE 0000 PASSCODE SAVED: 0000

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5.2. Communication
5.2.1. Overview
EVRC2A has three ports for communication. The EVRC2A has the front panel RS232 port, the side panel RS232 port, the side panel RS485/422 port and the side panel Ethernet port. Communication port settings are available as follows in Table 5-1. Table 5-1. Communication Ports setting of EVRC2A
Port Type Speed 19200 bps 1200 - 19200 bps 1200 - 19200 bps 10BASE-T/100BASE-T Parity bit No parity No parity None, Odd, Even Data bit 8 8 7, 8 Stop bit 1 1 1, 2 Location User Interface Front Panel User Interface Side Panel User Interface Side Panel User Interface Side Panel

PORT1 RS-232 PORT2 RS-232 PORT3 RS-422/485 PORT4 RJ45

PORT1 A port to interface with Interface Software. PORT2 Option A port to remotely operate with DNP Protocol, user can change Interface Speed and DNP3.0 Protocol. A complete description of DNP services is in DNP3.0 Protocol Technical Manual C. DNP 3.0 DEVICE PROFILE PORT 3 Option A port to remotely operate with MODBUS and DNP3.0 Protocol, user can change Interface Speed, MODBUS Protocl and DNP3.0 Protocol. A complete description of MODBUS services is in MODBUS Protocol Technical Manual. PORT 4 Option A port to remotely operate with IEC60870-5-104 Protocol, user can change IEC60870-5-104 Protocol. A complete description of IEC60870-5-104 services is in IEC60870-5-104 Protocol Technical Manual. Port4 consists of RJ-45 interface. 10 BASE-T /100 BASE-T speed is provided and ACTIVITY

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LED and LINK LED are placed at front Left/Right sides. ACTIVITY LED shows Data transferring and LINK LED shows the status of cable link. LED orange color means 10BASE-T, green color means 100BASE-T. For more details, please refer to Table 5-2. LED Function. Table 5-2. LED Function ACTIVITY LED (Left) Off Off Off Off Off Solid Amber Blinking Amber Solid Green Blinking Green LINK LED (Right) Off Solid Amber Blinking Amber Solid Green Blinking Green Off Off Off Off No Link 100BASE-T Half Duplex Link 100BASE-T Half Duplex; Activity 100BASE-T Full Duplex Link 100BASE-T Full Duplex; Activity 10BASE-T Half Duplex Link 10BASE-T Half Duplex; Activity 10BASE-T Full Duplex Link 100BASE-T Full Duplex; Activity Meaning

5.2.2. Remote Method


PRIMARY SETTING/RELAY SETUP/COMMUNICATION / REMOTE METHOD / Select
[REMOTE METHOD] >Select: IEC104

Range

DNP3.0, MODBUS, IEC104 Step ~

Default IEC104 Select remote protocol.

5.2.3. RTU Communication Setup (DNP 3.0 Protocol) - Option


EVRC2A can be programmed for communication using the DNP 3.0 through communication port2 or port3. For details, refer to DNP3.0 Protocol Technical Manual Move to PRIMARY SETTING / RELAY SETUP / COMMUNICATION / COMM STTING / DNP3.0 to select setting for DNP Protocol. COMMUNICATION / COMM SETTING / DNP3.0 / Line Speed
[DNP3.0] >Line Speed: Line Type: D/L confirm:

Range
1200 4 SOME

1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19200 bps Step ~

Default 1200

Select the baud rate for DNP3.0 Communication.

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COMMUNICATION / COMM SETTING / DNP3.0 / Line Type


[DNP3.0] Line Speed: >Line Type: D/L confirm:

Range
1200 4 SOME

2, 4 Wire Step ~

Default 4

Select the type of communication wire.

COMMUNICATION / COMM SETTING / DNP3.0 / D/L Confirm


[DNP3.0] Line Speed: Line Type: >D/L confirm:

Range
1200 4 SOME

NO, YES, SOME Step ~

Default SOME EVRC2A. NO : Never confirm request YES : Always confirm request

Select the data link confirmation mode desired for response sent by the

SOME : Data link confirmation is only requested when the response contains more than one frame COMMUNICATION / COMM SETTING / DNP3.0 / D/L Retries
[DNP3.0] D/L confirm: >D/L Retries: D/L Timeout:

Range
SOME 0 15

0, 1, 2 Step 1

Default 0 layer.

Enter the number of retries that will be issued for a given data link

COMMUNICATION / COMM SETTING / DNP3.0 / D/L Timeout


[DNP3.0] D/L confirm: D/L Retries: >D/L Timeout:

Range
SOME 0 15

1 ~ 255 sec Step 1 sec

Default 15

Enter a desired timeout. If no confirmation response is received within this time and if retries are still available, the EVRC2A will resend the frame.

COMMUNICATION / COMM SETTING / DNP3.0 / A/L Retries


[DNP3.0] D/L Retries: D/L Timeout: >A/L Retries:

Range
0 15 0

0, 1, 2 Step 1

Default 0 link layer.

Select the number of retries that will be issued for a given application

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COMMUNICATION / COMM SETTING / DNP3.0 / A/L Timeout


[DNP3.0] D/L Timeout: A/L Retries: >A/L Timeout:

Range
15 0 15

1 ~ 255 sec Step 1 sec

Default 15 Enter an Application layer timeout.

COMMUNICATION / COMM SETTING / DNP3.0 / PowUp Unsol


[DNP3.0] A/L Retries: 0 A/L Timeout: 15 >PowUpUnsol: DISABLE

Range

DISABLE, ENABLE Step 1

Default DISABLE Select the unsolicited mode

Enable : Unsolicited response is transmitted. Disable : Unsolicited response is not transmitted. COMMUNICATION / COMM SETTING / DNP3.0 / Unsol time
[DNP3.0] A/L Timeout: 15 PowUpUnsol: DISABLE >Unsol time: 5

Range

0 ~ 255 sec Step 1 sec

Default 5

Enter the minimum time from when unsolicited event occurred.

COMMUNICATION / COMM SETTING / DNP3.0 / Master Addr


[DNP3.0] PowUpUnsol: DISABLE Unsol time: 5 >Master Addr: 65534

Range

0 ~ 65535 Step 1

Default 65534 Enter the master station address.

COMMUNICATION / COMM SETTING / DNP3.0 / SBO Time


[DNP3.0] Unsol time: 5 Master Addr: 65534 >SBO Time: 15

Range

1 ~ 255 sec Step 1 sec

Default 15

Enter the duration of the select/operate arm timer.

COMMUNICATION / COMM SETTING / DNP3.0 / DNP Address


[DNP3.0] Master Addr: 65534 SBO Time: 15 >DNP Address: 1

Range

0 ~ 65535 Step 1

Default 1 Enter the slave (EVRC2A) address.

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COMMUNICATION / COMM SETTING / DNP3.0 / Multi Inter


[DNP3.0] Master Addr: 65534 SBO Time: 15 >Multi Inter: 0.10

Range

0.01 ~ 300.00 sec Step 0.01 sec

Default 0.10

Enter a time delay between frames when Multi-frame replies.

COMMUNICATION / COMM SETTING / DNP3.0 / Tx Delay


[DNP3.0] SBO Time: Multi Inter: >Tx Delay :

Range
15 0.10 0.05

0.00(OFF), 0.01 ~ 300.00 sec Step 0.01 sec

Default 0.05

Delay time of sending Real data after RTS Signal is on.

COMMUNICATION / COMM SETTING / DNP3.0 / RTS Off Dly


[DNP3.0] Multi Inter: Tx Delay : >RTS Off Dly:

Range
0.10 0.05 0.05

0.01 ~ 300.00 sec Step 0.01 sec

Default 0.05

Enter the turn-off time of RTS signal. In other words, its a time delay to prohibit the last data loss after sending data. Usually Turn-OFF time is set to 1 or 2 Byte carrier occurrence time

COMMUNICATION / COMM SETTING / DNP3.0 / CTS Chk Out


[DNP3.0] Tx Delay : RTS Off Dly: >CTS Chk Out:

Range
0.05 0.05 5.00

0.01 ~ 300.00 sec Step 0.01 sec

Default 5.00

Enter a waiting time between outgoing RTS(Request To Send) signal and incoming CTS(Clear To Send) signal. In other words, before sending a data, its a time interval to wait until CTS signal becomes High after sending RTS signal High.

COMMUNICATION / COMM SETTING / DNP3.0 / DCD Timeout


[DNP3.0] RTS Off Dly: CTS Chk Out: >DCD Timeout:

Range
0.05 5.00 5.00

0.01 ~ 300.00 sec Step 0.01 sec

Default 5.00 response issued.

Enter the minimum time from when a DNP request is received and a

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COMMUNICATION / COMM SETTING / DNP3.0 / VOC1 Lev(%)


[DNP3.0] CTS Chk Out: DCD Timeout: >VOC1 Lev(%):

Range
5.00 5.00 OFF

0(OFF), 1 ~ 50 % Step 1%

Default OFF OFF : Not used

Enter the Value of change event 1 setting.

COMMUNICATION / COMM SETTING / DNP3.0 / VOC1 Min(CT)


[DNP3.0] DCD Timeout: VOC1 Lev(%): >VOC1 Min(CT):

Range
5.00 OFF 0.50

0.04 ~ 3.20 ( xCT Phase Ratio) Step 0.01

Default 0.50

Enter the Value of change event 1 limit Value.

COMMUNICATION / COMM SETTING / DNP3.0 / VOC2 Lev(%)


[DNP3.0] VOC1 Lev(%): VOC1 Min(CT): >VOC2 Lev(%):

Range
OFF 0.50 OFF

0(OFF), 1 ~ 50 % Step 1%

Default OFF OFF : Not used

Enter the Value of change event 2 setting.

COMMUNICATION / COMM SETTING / DNP3.0 / VOC2 Min(VT)


[DNP3.0] VOC1 Min(CT): VOC2 Lev(%): >VOC2 Min(VT):

Range
0.50 OFF 0.10

0.00 ~ 1.25 xVT Step 0.01

Default 0.10

Enter the Value of change event 2 limit Value

COMMUNICATION / COMM SETTING / DNP3.0 / VOC3 Lev(%)


[DNP3.0] VOC2 Lev(%): VOC2 Min(VT): >VOC3 Lev(%):

Range
OFF 0.10 OFF

0(OFF), 1 ~ 50 % Step 1%

Default OFF OFF : Not used

Enter the Value of change event 3 setting.

COMMUNICATION / COMM SETTING / DNP3.0 / VOC3 Min


[DNP3.0] VOC2 Min(VT): VOC2 Lev(%): >VOC3 Min:

Range
0.10 OFF 0

0~60000 Step 1

Default 0

Enter the Value of change event 3 limit Value.

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COMMUNICATION / COMM SETTING / DNP3.0 / Class 1


[DNP3.0] VOC3 Lev(%): OFF VOC3 Min: 0 >Class 1: DISABLE

Range

DISABLE, ENABLE Step ~

Default DISABLE

Select the unsolicited response mode of Class 1 events.

COMMUNICATION / COMM SETTING / DNP3.0 / Class 2


[DNP3.0] VOC3 Min: 0 Class 1: DISABLE >Class 2: DISABLE

Range

DISABLE, ENABLE Step ~

Default DISABLE

Select the unsolicited response mode of Class 2 events.

COMMUNICATION / COMM SETTING / DNP3.0 / Class 3


[DNP3.0] Class 1: DISABLE Class 2: DISABLE >Class 3: DISABLE

Range

DISABLE, ENABLE Step ~

Default DISABLE

Select the unsolicited response mode of Class 3 events.

COMMUNICATION / COMM SETTING / DNP3.0 / Time Req(m)


[DNP3.0] Class 2: DISABLE Class 3: DISABLE >Time Req(m): OFF

Range

0(OFF), 1~30000 min Step 1 min

Default OFF

Enter the Time Synch Request Interval.

COMMUNICATION / COMM SETTING / DNP3.0 / Use Port


[DNP3.0] >Class 3: DISABLE >Time Req(m): OFF >Use Port: PORT2-232

Range

PORT2-232, PORT3-422, PORT3-485 Step ~

Default PORT2-232 Select the Use Port of Control.

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5.2.4. RTU Communication Setup (MODBUS Protocol) - Option


EVRC2A can be programmed for communication using the MODBUS through communication port3. For details, refer to MODBUS Protocol Technical Manual Move to PRIMARY SETTING / RELAY SETUP / COMMUNICATION / COMM STTING / MODBUS to select setting for MODBUS Protocol. COMMUNICATION / COMM SETTING / MODBUS / Line Speed
[MODBUS] >Line Speed: Parity Chk: Data Bit:

Range
1200 NONE 8

1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19200 bps Step ~

Default 1200

Select the baud rate for MODBUS Communication.

COMMUNICATION / COMM SETTING / MODBUS / Parity Chk


[MODBUS] Line Speed: >Parity Chk: Data Bit:

Range
1200 NONE 8

NONE, ODD, EVEN Step ~

Default NONE Select the Parity Check.

COMMUNICATION / COMM SETTING / MODBUS / Data Bit


[MODBUS] Line Speed: Parity Chk: >Data Bit:

Range
1200 NONE 8

7, 8 Step ~

Default 8 Select the Data Bit.

COMMUNICATION / COMM SETTING / MODBUS / Stop Bit


[MODBUS] Parity Chk: Data Bit: >Stop Bit:

Range
NONE 8 1

1, 2 Step ~

Default 1 Select the Stop Bit.

COMMUNICATION / COMM SETTING / MODBUS / Modbus Type


[MODBUS] Data Bit: Stop Bit: >Modbus Type:

Range
8 1 RTU

RTU, ASII Step ~

Default RTU Select the Modbus protocol type.

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COMMUNICATION / COMM SETTING / MODBUS / Slave Address


[MODBUS] Stop Bit: Modbus Type: >Slave Address:

Range
1 RTU 1

1 ~ 254 Step 1

Default 1 Enter the Modbus address.

COMMUNICATION / COMM SETTING / MODBUS / Line Type


[MODBUS] Modbus Type: RTU Slave Address: 1 >Line Type: 485LINE

Range

485LINE, 422 LINE Step ~

Default 485 LINE Select the Modbus line type.

COMMUNICATION / COMM SETTING / MODBUS / Tx Delay


[MODBUS] Slave Address: 1 Line Type: 485LINE >Tx Delay: 0.05

Range

0.00(OFF), 0.01 ~ 300.00 sec Step 0.01

Default 0.05 sec

Delay time of sending Real data after RTS Signal is on.

5.2.5. RTU Communication Setup (IEC60870-5-104) - Option


EVRC2A can be programmed for communication using the IEC60870-5-104 through communication port4. For details, refer to IEC60870-5-104 Protocol Technical Manual Move to PRIMARY SETTING / RELAY SETUP / COMMUNICATION/COMM SETTING /3.IEC60870-5-104 to select setting for IEC60870-5-104. COMMUNICATION / COMM SETTING / IEC60870-5-104 / IP Addr1~4
[IEC60870-5-104] >IP Addr1: IP Addr2: IP Addr3: IP Addr4:

Range
0 0 0 0

0 ~ 255 Step 1

Default 0

Select the IP Address for IEC60870-5-104 Communication. IP Address : 192.xxx.xxx.xxx


IP Addr1,2,3,4 is ,,,

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COMMUNICATION / COMM SETTING / IEC60870-5-104 / Gateway Addr1~4


[IEC60870-5-104] >Gateway Addr1: Gateway Addr2: Gateway Addr3: Gateway Addr4:

Range
0 0 0 0

0 ~ 255 Step 1

Default 0

Select the Gateway Address for IEC60870-5-104 Communication. Gateway Address : 211.xxx.xxx.xxx

Gateway Addr1,2,3,4 is ,,, COMMUNICATION / COMM SETTING / IEC60870-5-104 / S/M


[IEC60870-5-104] >S/M:255.255.255.000 Tcp Port: 2404 ASDU Common A: 1

Range

255.000.000.000 ~ 255.255.255.252 Step ~

Default 255.255.255.000 Select the Subnet Mask.

COMMUNICATION / COMM SETTING / IEC60870-5-104 / Tcp Port No


[IEC60870-5-104] >Tcp Port No: 2404 ASDU Common A: 0 Cyclic Period: 60

Range

1~65535 Step 1

Default 2404 Select the Tcp Port Number.

COMMUNICATION / COMM SETTING / IEC60870-5-104 / ASDU Addr


[IEC60870-5-104] Tcp Port No: 2404 >ASDU Addr: 0 Cyclic Period: 60

Range

0~65535 Step 1

Default 0

Select the Application Service Data Unit Address.

COMMUNICATION / COMM SETTING / IEC60870-5-104 / Cyclic Period


[IEC60870-5-104] Tcp Port No: 2404 ASDU Addr: 0 >Cyclic Period: 60

Range

1~60000 sec Step 1 sec

Default 60 Select the Cyclic Period.

It is to set interval time between Point set for Cyclic.

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5.3. Clock
PRIMARY SETTING / RELAY SETUP / CLOCK
[CURRENT TIME] 2006/09/29/ 21:45:41 PRESS <ENT> TO SET

Use Arrows to move cusur and change the time.

[CURRENT TIME] 2006/09/29/ 21:45:41 PRESS <ENT> TO SAVE

5.4. Time Display Type


It is to set Date Display for all related Menu. PRIMARY SETTING / RELAY SETUP / TIME DISTYPE
[TIME DISPTYPE] >Time DispType: YMD

Range

YMD, MDY Step ~

Default YMD

YMD : it displays in turn Year / Month / Date MDY : it displays in turn Month / Date / Year

5.5. Event Recorder


Event Recording elements are set such as Recording and Sampling timing and so on. PRIMARY SETTING / RELAY SETUP / EVENT RECORDER / Fault Cycle
[EVENT RECORDER] >Fault Cycle: ON >Len of Pre F: 4 >Load Profil: ON

Range

ON, OFF Step ~

Default ON

Select On or Off for Fault Cycle recording.

PRIMARY SETTING / RELAY SETUP / EVENT RECORDER / Len of Pre F


[EVENT RECORDER] >Fault Cycle: ON >Len of Pre F: 4 >Load Profil: ON

Range

0 ~ 14 cycle Step 1 cycle

Default 4

Enter the length of prefault in fault cycle.

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PRIMARY SETTING / RELAY SETUP / EVENT RECORDER / Load Profile


[EVENT RECORDER] >Fault Cycle: ON >Len of Pre F: 4 >Load Profile: ON

Range

ON, OFF Step ~

Default ON

Select On or Off for Load Profile recording.

PRIMARY SETTING / RELAY SETUP / EVENT RECORDER / L.P save time(m)


[EVENT RECORDER] >Fault Cycle: ON >Len of Pre F: 4 >L.P save time(m):15

Range

5,10, 15,20,30,60 min Step ~

Default 15 Set Load Profile recording interval.

5.6. Clear Saved Data


PRIMARY SETTING / RELAY SETUP / CLEAR SAVED DATA
[CLEAR SAVED DATA] >1.Fault Cycle >2.System Status >3.Load Profile >4.Daignostic >5.Max Demand >6.Energy >7.Counter >8.Wear Monitor >9.All Saved Data FAULT CYCLE DATA PRESS ENT TO CLEAR

Clear(delete) the saved data. Clear Saved Data y Fault Cycle y System Status y Load Profile y Daignostic y Max Demand y Energy y Counter y Wear Monitor y Wear Monitor y All Saved Data NOTE : It is recommanded to have Backup data because Cleared(Deleted) data can not be recovered.

FAULT CYCLE DATA !! DATA CLEARED !!

5.7. Factory Debug


This menu is for Manufacturers maintenance purpose.

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5.8. Gas Sensor Type


PRIMARY SETTING / RELAY SETUP / GAS SENSOR TYPE
[GAS SENSOR TYPE] >Type Select: TYPE2

Range

NONE, TYPE1, TYPE2 Step ~

Default TYPE2 NONE : Gas Sensor is not used.

TYPE1 : Set TYPE1 if Recloser manufactured before JUNE year 2005. TYPE2 : Set TYPE2 if Recloser manufactured after JULY year 2005.

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6. SYSTEM SETUP
System set shall be set independently for each bank. However, after version 4.41, regardless of bank, it will be applied to all other banks if it is set in a bank. Sets following items for System y y y y y y y CT Ratio VT or PT Ratio Power Line Frequency, Phase rotation Panel sleep time Opto-Input setting Relay output setting Loop Control setting

6.1. Current Sensing


6.1.1. Description
This Setting group is critical for all over-current protection features that have settings specified in multiples of CT rating. When the relay is ordered, the phase, ground, and sensitive ground CT inputs must be specified as 1 Amp. As the phase CTs are connected in wye (star), the calculated phasor sum of the three phase currents (Ia + Ib + Ic = Neutral Current = 3 I0) is used as the input for the neutral over-current. In addition, a zero-sequence (core balance) CT which senses current in all of the circuit primary conductors, or a CT in a neutral grounding conductor may also be used. For this configuration, the ground CT primary rating must be entered. To detect low level ground fault currents, the sensitive earth input may be used. In this case, the sensitive ground CT primary rating must be entered. For additional details on CT connections, refer to (see 11.12. Current Inputs Wiring Diagram).

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6.1.2. Setting
PRIMARY SETTING / SYSTEM SETUP / CURRENT SENSING / PHA CT Ratio
[CURRENT SENSING] >PHA CT Ratio: 1000 GND CT Ratio: 1000 SEF CT Ratio: 1000

Range

1 ~ 1200 Step 1

Default 1000

Enter the phase CT primary current value.

PRIMARY SETTING / SYSTEM SETUP / CURRENT SENSING / GND CT Ratio


[CURRENT SENSING] PHA CT Ratio: 1000 >GND CT Ratio: 1000 SEF CT Ratio: 1000

Range

1 ~ 1200 Step 1

Default 1000

Enter the ground CT primary current value.

PRIMARY SETTING / SYSTEM SETUP / CURRENT SENSING / SEF CT Ratio


[CURRENT SENSING] PHA CT Ratio: 1000 GND CT Ratio: 1000 >SEF CT Ratio: 1000

Range

1 ~ 1200 Step 1

Default 1000

Enter the sensitive earth CT primary current value.

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6.2. Line VS Sensing


6.2.1. Description
To measure Source Voltage, set Connect Type, 2nd Nominal Voltage, VT Ratio. With Line VTs installed, the EVRC2A can be used to perform voltage measurements, power calculations, and directional control of over-current elements.

6.2.2. Setting
PRIMARY SETTING / SYSTEM SETUP / LINE VS SENSING / Connect Type
[LINE VS SENSING] >Connect Type: NONE VT 2nd(v): 100.0 VT Ratio: 86.6

Range

NONE, WYE, DELTA, CVD-W, CVD-D Step ~

Default NONE NONE : VT uninstalled.

Enter None if line VTs are not to be used. If used, external PT by user, enter the VT connection made to the system as Wye or Delta. WYE : Install type wye. DELTA : Install type delta. If installed VT of Capacitor Voltage Divide type. CVD-W : If the user system made to 3 phase 4 wire. CVD-D : If the user system made to 3 phase 3 wire.

PRIMARY SETTING / SYSTEM SETUP / LINE VT SENSING / VS 2nd(v)


[LINE VS SENSING] Connect Type: NONE >VT 2nd(v): 100.0 VT Ratio: 86.6

Range

50.0 ~ 250.0 V Step 0.1 V

Default 100.0

Enter Secondary Nominal Voltage(V) This setting is the voltage across the VT secondary winding when nominal voltage is applied to the primary.

PRIMARY SETTING / SYSTEM SETUP / LINE VT SENSING / VS Ratio


[LINE VS SENSING] Connect Type: NONE VT 2nd(v): 100.0 >VT Ratio: 86.6

Range

10.0 ~ 760.0 Step 0.1

Default 86.6

Enter the VT primary to secondary turns-ratio with this setting.

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6.2.3. Setting Examples


Use of CVD Case of CVD installed in Recloser, setup as follows; Usable in Wye connection. Set VT2nd(v) 100 as Default. PT Ratio is calculated as below. Voltage- = Voltage-N SQRT(3) Voltage-N = VT 2nd(v) VT Ratio Hence, 15- = 8.66-N, therefore 8.66-N = 100(V) 86.6 If user line voltage between phases (Voltage-) is 11, set VT2nd(v) of 73.3V and set VT Ratio of 86.6 (11- => 6.35-N, 6.35 = 73.3(V) 86.6) 27- = 15.59-N, therefore 15.59-N = 100(V) 155.9 38- = 21.94-N, therefore 21.94-N = 100(V) 219.4 Use of External PT by User Line is Wye connection type and has V- = 15. If external rated PT is 14400 : 120, then VT Ratio is 14400/120. Because of 15- = 8.66-N, VT2nd(v) is 8.66-N / 120 = 71.2V Line with Delta connection type and has V-= 15. If external rated PT is 14400 : 120, then VT Ratio is 14400/120 and VT2nd(v) is 15- / 120 = 125V Table 6-1. VT Ratios of External PTs
Capacitor Voltage Divider Line-Line Wye connection Voltage VT 2nd (v) 15 100 VT Ratio 86.6 VT 2nd (v) 71.2 (14400:120) 27 215 100 155.9 72.5 (25800:120) 38 300 100 219.4 73.1 (36000:120) 126.7 (36000:120) 125.6 (25800:120) 300 VT Ratio 120 125 (14400:120) 215 VT 2nd (v) VT Ratio 120 Wye connection Delta connection Potential Transformer

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6.3. Line VL Sensing


6.3.1. Description
To measure Load Voltage, set Connect Type, 2nd Nominal Voltage, VT Ratio. With Line VTs installed, the EVRC2A can be used to perform synchronism elements.

6.3.2. Setting
PRIMARY SETTING / SYSTEM SETUP / LINE VL SENSING / Connect Type
[LINE VL SENSING] >Connect Type: NONE VT 2nd(v): 100.0 VT Ratio: 86.6

Range

NONE, WYE, DELTA, CVD-W, CVD-D Step ~

Default NONE NONE : VT uninstalled.

Enter None if line VTs are not to be used. If used, external PT by user, enter the VT connection made to the system as Wye or Delta. WYE : Install type wye. DELTA : Install type delta. If installed VT of Capacitor Voltage Divide type. CVD-W : If the user system made to 3 phase 4 wire. CVD-D : If the user system made to 3 phase 3 wire.

PRIMARY SETTING / SYSTEM SETUP / LINE VL SENSING / VT 2nd(v)


[LINE VL SENSING] Connect Type: NONE >VT 2nd(v): 100.0 VT Ratio: 86.6

Range

50.0 ~ 250.0 V Step 0.1 V

Default 100.0

Enter Secondary Nominal Voltage(V) This setting is the voltage across the VT secondary winding when nominal voltage is applied to the primary.

PRIMARY SETTING / SYSTEM SETUP / LINE VL SENSING / VT Ratio


[LINE VL SENSING] Connect Type: NONE VT 2nd(v): 100.0 >VT Ratio: 86.6

Range

10.0 ~ 760.0 Step 0.1

Default 86.6

Enter the VT primary to secondary turns-ratio with this setting.

6.3.3. Setting Example


Refer to (6.2.3. Setting Examples)

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6.4. System Power


6.4.1. Description
Menu to set Frequency of Protected Line and installed Phase rotation.

6.4.2. Setting
PRIMARY SETTING / SYSTEM SETUP / SYSTEM POWER / Frequency
[SYSTEM POWER] >Frequency: 50 Phase Rotation: ABC

Range

50, 60 Step ~

Default 50

Select the nominal power system frequency. This value is used as a default to set the optimal digital sampling rate. PRIMARY SETTING / SYSTEM SETUP / SYSTEM POWER / Phase Rotation
[SYSTEM POWER] Frequency: 50 >Phase Rotation: ABC

Range

ABC, ACB Step ~

Default ABC

Select the phase rotation of the power system.

6.5. Panel Sleep Time


6.5.1. Description
Menu to set the interval time that User interface panel turns into sleep mode.

6.5.2. Setting
PRIMARY SETTING / SYSTEM SETUP / PANEL SLEEP TIME
[PANEL SLEEP TIME] >Interval(m): 5

Range

OFF, 1 ~ 100 min Step 1 min

Default 5 Enter the sleep mode entering time

Setting the interval time of which Panel indicator turns into Sleep mode

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6.6. Opto Input Set - Option


6.6.1. Description
Menu to set External input terminal function and Debounce time. The opto input is available as an ordering option.

Status LCD Display Debounce time X X

Triger Function execute

EXTERNAL INPUT REMOTE mode

Figure 6-1. Input logic

6.6.2. Setting
PRIMARY SETTING / SYSTEM SETUP / OPTO INPUT SET / I1 Func
[OPTO INPUT SET] >I1 Func: NONE I1 Debounce: 0.02 I2 Func: NONE

Range

NONE, TRIP, , OUT8 RESET Step ~

Default NONE following functions.


NONE PROTECTION Enable/Disable RECLOSE Enable/Disable PROGRAM1 Enable/Disable FAULT INDICATION TRIP GROUND

Enter the function of External input terminal Opto input can have
CLOSE SEF Enable/Disable ALTERNATE SETTINGS Enable/Disable HOT LINE TAG Enable/Disable OUTPUT RELAY BATTERY LOAD TEST RESET 18 RESET.

Enable/Disable CONTROL Locked/Unlocked PROGRAM2 Enable/Disable

For more details, refer to (Appendix A).

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PRIMARY SETTING / SYSTEM SETUP / OPTO INPUT SET / I1 Debounce


[OPTO INPUT SET] I1 Func: NONE >I1 Debounce: 0.02 I2 Func: NONE

Range

0.01 ~ 9.99 sec Step 0.01 sec

Default 0.02

Enter debounce time to prevent chattering in Input

Input 2 ~ Input 8, the same as Input 1 above

6.7. Output Relay Set - Option


6.7.1. Description
Menu to set External Output Terminal Function and Output type. The output relay is available as an ordering option.

Protective Elements Relay Setting ( 50.51,27,59...etc ) Function Occurrence Status LCD Display S/R LATCH Pulse T Type PULSE Y Latch S Q R OUTxx Relay

LATCH

OPTO INPUT SET(OUTxx Reset) Pulse OUTPUT RELAY TEST 2s

Figure 6-2. Output logic

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6.7.2. Setting
PRIMARY SETTING / SYSTEM SETUP / OUTPUT RELAY SET / O1 Func
[OUTPUT RELAY SET] >O1 Func: NONE O1 Type: S/R LATCH O1 Pulse T: 0.05

Range

NONE, TRIP, , INPUT08 Step ~

Default NONE

Enter the function of External output terminal. Output Relay can have following function.
NONE FAIL TRIP FAIL BATTTERY 25 ELEMENT 79CYCLE PROTECTION Enable RECLOSE Enable ALTERNATE SETTINGS PROGRAM1 Enable Enable HOT LINE TAG Enable 52A FAULT INDICATION INPUT 1~ 8 ALARM PROGRAM2 Enable TRIP FAIL CLOSE 27 ELEMENT 81 ELEMENT 79LOCKOUT GROUND Enable CONTROL Locked CLOSE FAIL AC 59 ELEMENT 79 RESET SELFCHECK SEF Enable REMOTE Enable

For more detail, refer to (Appendix B). PRIMARY SETTING / SYSTEM SETUP / OUTPUT RELAY SET / O1 Type
[OUTPUT RELAY SET] 01 Func: NONE >O1 Type: S/R LATCH O1 Pulse T: 0.05

Range

PULSE, LATCH, S/R LATCH Step ~

Default S/R LATCH (ON).

S/R LATCH: Output signal is delivered only this function activates PULSE: Output signal is delivered only during PULSE T. To activate Output aganin, turn this function OFF and then, turn it ON again. LATCH: Output signal is delivered once this function ON. To turn it off, it needs Reset signal and it is set in OPTO INPUT SET

PRIMARY SETTING / SYSTEM SETUP / OUTPUT RELAY SET / O1 Pulse T


[OUTPUT RELAY SET] 01 Func: NONE O1 Type: S/R LATCH >O1 Pulse T: 0.05

Range

0.01 ~ 99.99 sec Step 0.01 sec

Default 0.05

Sets Duration time if OUTPUT TYPE is PULSE

Output 2 ~ 8, the same as above.

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6.8. Loop Control - Option


The purpose of using LOOP CONTROL is to isolate a fault area and protect the normal operation area by coordinating with C/B or Recloser when a fault occurs. Loop control is able to provide automation system with using Sectionalizing Recloser, MID point Recloser, TIE point Recloser. Loop control is performed by voltage sensing of DV(Dead Line Voltage), LV(Live Line Voltage). Sectionalizing Recloser(SEC) When a fault is occurred from the source side of Sectionalizing Recloser and backup C/B operates, the line becomes DV and if it continues, it is figured as a permanent fault. Hence, Sectionalizing Recloser is opened. After Sectionalizing Recloser is opened and TIEpoint Recloser is closed, the current flows in opposite way. Therefore, the load side of Sectionalizing Recloser can keep the live line. When Load side of Sectionalizing Recloser has a fault, OCR Function is operated and the load side is disconnected. MIDpoint Recloser(MID) When a fault is occurred in the source side of MIDpoint Recloser and backup C/B or Sectionalizing Recloser operates, the line becomes DV status and if it continues, it is figured as a permanent fault, then automatically the setting is changed to Alternate setting. After changed to Alternate setting, when TIEpoint Recloser is closed, the current flows in opposite way. During TIEpoint Recloser closed, when a fault occurs, MIDpoint Recloser trips once and lockouts. After recovering the fault, connect C/B and when the line becomes LV, the setting is automatically changed to Primary setting and MIDpoint Recloser is closed. When Load side of MIDpoint Recloser gets a fault, OCR Function is operated and disconnects the load side. TIEpoint Recloser (TIE) TIEpoint Recloser automatically closes when either Source side or Load side becomes DV. When a fault occurs during automatic closing, the recloser trips once and lockouts. TIEpoint recloser automatically opens when loop control operates automatic closing at both side and when both side becomes DV.

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LCD Initial Screen Recloser type that is selected in Loop control, is displayed on LCD Initial Screen. Press ENT KEY to check operation status on the Initial Screen to see loop control mode.
LOOP CONTROL [TIE] VS-[DV] VSDLT-[ - ] VL-[DV] VLDLT-[ - ] AUTO RESTORE T [ - ]

LOOP CONTROL: [SEC] , [MID], [TIE] Display a selected type. VS: [DV], [LV] Display Source side voltage of Recloser either Dead line voltage or Live line voltage. VL: [DV], [LV] Display Load side voltage of Recloser either Dead line voltage or Live line voltage. VSDLT: [ - ], [RUN] Displays loop control function is operating due to the dead line voltage of Reclosers Source side. VLDLT: [ - ], [RUN] Displays loop control function is operating due to the dead line voltage of Reclosers Load side. AUTO RESTORE T: [ - ], [RUN] Displays Restoring status after Loop control operation.

LOOP CONTROL KEY Use PROGRAM KEY to use Loop control on User interface Panel. Program 1: Enable/Disables Loop control function. Lamp is on when Loop control function is Enabled. SEC, MID can be selected on CLOSE status and TIE can be selected on OPEN status. Program 2: Enable/Disables Auto restoration function of SEC, MID. Figure 6-3. Loop Control Key Lamp is on when Auto restoration function is enabled. Auto restoration function is, after loop control operation, Auto Rest T timer operates till timeout, and restore the preset values.

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6.8.1. Setting
PRIMARY SETTING / SYSTEM SETUP / LOOP CONTROL /
[LOOP CONTROL] >Type Select : NONE VRS S/M : VS VRS Tie : VS VS Wire: 3PN VL Wire: 1PN(A) Cng Alt-Mid: OFF Cng Alt-Tie: OFF LC After Cl:DISABLE LC After Op:DISABLE OT Both DL: 10.00 Auto Rest T: 5.00 DL V Max(%): 50.0 LL V Min(%): 70.0 DL Pickup T: 50.0 LL Regain T: 10.00 DL Reset T: 5.00 NRT After LC: 10.00

LOOP CONTROL SUB SETUP MENU

PRIMARY SETTING / SYSTEM SETUP / LOOP CONTROL / Type Select


[LOOP CONTROL] Type Select: NONE

Range

NONE, SEC, MID, TIE Step ~

Default NONE

Select the Recloser Type and add Loop Control function. After selecting, press Program 1 Key to enable Loop Control. NONE : Loop control is not in use. SEC : SECtionalizing Recloser MID : MIDpoint Recloser TIE : TIEpoint Recloser PRIMARY SETTING / SYSTEM SETUP / LOOP CONTROL / VRS to S/M
[LOOP CONTROL] VRS - S/M: VS

Range

VS, VL Step ~

Default VS in SEC, MID.

Voltage Response Side to SEC&MID : The setting values are used Recloser operates upon selected side of voltage sensing. Select the Voltage response side when Recloser type is SEC & MID VS : Reclosers Source Side(A,B,C phase) Voltage VL : Reclosers Load Side(R,S,T phase) Voltage Standard Model, EVRC2A uses CVD(Capacitor voltage divider) to measure the voltage. It measures only A, B, C, R phases, phase S and T are not measured.

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PRIMARY SETTING / SYSTEM SETUP / LOOP CONTROL / VRS to Tie


[LOOP CONTROL] VRS - Tie: VS

Range

VS, VL, VS&VL Step ~

Default VS

Voltage Response Side to Tie : The setting value is used in TIE. TIE operates upon selected side of voltage sensing. VS : Reclosers Source Side(A,B,C phase) Voltage VL : Reclosers Load Side(R,S,T phase) Voltage VS&VL : Loop control operates one of either Source side or load side voltage becomes dead line voltage. PRIMARY SETTING / SYSTEM SETUP / LOOP CONTROL / VS wire
[LOOP CONTROL] VS Wire: 1PN(A)

Range

3PN, 3PP, 1PN(A), 1PN(B), 1PN(C), 1PP(AB), 1PP(BC), 1PP(CA) Step ~

Default 3PN

Line VS Wire : Select Reclosers Source side(A,B,C phase) voltage sensor(CVD or VT) connection type. Selected phase is used to figure dead/live line voltage. CVD type Control measures A, B, C phase voltage. 3PN : 3 Phase-Neutral 3PP : 3 Phase-Phase 1PN(A) : Phase A-Neutral 1PN(B) : Phase B-Neutral 1PN(C) : Phase C-Neutral 1PP(AB) : Phase A-Phase B 1PP(BC) : Phase B-Phase C 1PP(CA) : Phase C-Phase A

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PRIMARY SETTING / SYSTEM SETUP / LOOP CONTROL / VL wire


[LOOP CONTROL] VL Wire: 1PN(A)

Range

1PN(A), 1PN(B), 1PN(C), 1PP(AB), 1PP(BC), 1PP(CA) Step ~

Default 1PN(A)

Line VL Wire : Select Recloser Load side(R,S,T phase) voltage sensor(CVD or VT) connection type. Selected phase is used to figure dead/live line voltage. Select 1PN(A) to measure R phase voltage for CVD type Control S,T phase are not measured. 1PN(A) : Phase A-Neutral 1PN(B) : Phase B-Neutral 1PN(C) : Phase C-Neutral 1PP(AB) : Phase A-Phase B 1PP(BC) : Phase B-Phase C 1PP(CA) : Phase C-Phase A PRIMARY SETTING / SYSTEM SETUP / LOOP CONTROL / Cng Alt- Mid
[LOOP CONTROL] Cng Alt-Mid : OFF

Range

OFF, ON Step ~

Default OFF MID.

Change Alternate Setting at Mid Point : Set Value is used in Select if Primary setting is automatically changed to Alternate setting, after set time(LL Regain T). To use this function, Loop control(setting value) of Primary and Alternate shall be set as the same. OFF : Turn off auto change. ON : Turn on auto change.

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PRIMARY SETTING / SYSTEM SETUP / LOOP CONTROL / Cng Alt-Tie


[LOOP CONTROL] Cng Alt-Tie: OFF

Range

OFF, ON(VS), ON(VL), ON(BOTH) Step ~

Default OFF

Change Alternate Setting at Tie Point : Set value is used in TIE. Select if Primary setting is automatically changed to Alternate setting, after set time(LL Regain T). To use this function, Loop control(setting value) of Primary and Alternate shall be set as the same. OFF : Turn off auto change. ON(VS) : Turn on Auto change by measuring VS. ON(VL) : Turn on Auto change by measuring VL. ON(BOTH) : Turn on Auto change by measuring VS or VL. PRIMARY SETTING / SYSTEM SETUP / LOOP CONTROL / LC After Cl
[LOOP CONTROL] LC After Cl:DISABLE

Range

DISABLE, ENABLE Step ~

Default DISABLE

Select After Manual Close : Setting value is used in SEC. To select Loop Control automatically enable after recloser is closed by Manual operation. Manual close is referred when the operation signal is coming from remote or local. When Loop control function is enabled, PROGRAM 1 LED on User interface panel is turned on. DISABLE : After Manual close, Loop control function is not automatically activated.(Use PROGRAM 1 to activate it) ENABLE : After Manual close, Loop control function is automatically activated.

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PRIMARY SETTING / SYSTEM SETUP / LOOP CONTROL / LC After Op


[LOOP CONTROL] LC After Op:DISABLE

Range

DISABLE, ENABLE Step ~

Default DISABLE

Select After Manual Open : Setting Value is used in TIE. To select Loop control function automatically enable after recloser is opened by manual operation. Manual open is referred when the operation signal is coming form remote or local. When Loop control function is enabled, PROGRAM 1 LED on User interface panel is turned on. DISABLE : After Manual open, Loop control function is not automatically activated. (Use PROGRAM 1 to activate it) ENABLE : After Manual open, Loop control function is automatically activated. PRIMARY SETTING / SYSTEM SETUP / LOOP CONTROL / OT Both DL
[LOOP CONTROL] OT Both DL: 10.00

Range

0.01 ~ 600.00 sec Step 0.01 sec

Default 10.00

Open Time on Both Dead Bus : Setting value is used in TIE. After TIE closed, source and load sides become dead line for a certain period, TIE opens by Loop control. PRIMARY SETTING / SYSTEM SETUP / LOOP CONTROL / Auto Rest T
[LOOP CONTROL] >Auto Rest T: 5.00

Range

0.01 ~ 600.00 sec Step 0.01 sec

Default 5.00

Auto Restoration Time : Setting value is used in SEC, MID. This is active when Program 2 on User Interface Panel is enable. SEC operates Loop control(Automatic Open) if a voltage selected from VRS S/M becomes dead line. After opened, the voltage becomes Live Line, a certain period later, restores (Automatic Close). MID, if a voltage selected form VRS S/M becomes dead line, and when Loop control(Chg Alt-Tie is on, it automatically changes to Alternate Setting. After Loop control, Live Line becomes Tie Close, and during operation, it figures as a fault and Trip Lockout. After it becomes Live line, Restore( auto close and change to Primary setting).

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PRIMARY SETTING / SYSTEM SETUP / LOOP CONTROL / DL V Max(%)


[LOOP CONTROL] DL V Max(%): 50.0

Range

20.0 ~ 70.0 % Step 0.1 %

Default 50.0

Dead Bus Maximum Voltage(%) : Sense Dead Line Voltage. In Live Line, when a voltage is decreased below a set value, it determines Dead Line. In Source side, it is figured from a selected phase from VS Wire. In Load side, it is figured from a selected phase from VL Wire. PRIMARY SETTING / SYSTEM SETUP / LOOP CONTROL / LL V Min(%)
[LOOP CONTROL] LL V Min(%): 70.0

Range

50.0 ~ 85.0 % Step 0.1 %

Default 70.0

Live Bus Minimum Voltage(%) : Sense Live Line Voltage. In Dead Line, when a voltage is increased over a set value, it determines Live Line. In Source side, it is figured form a selected phase from VS Wire, In Load side, it is figured from a selected phase from VL Wire. PRIMARY SETTING / SYSTEM SETUP / LOOP CONTROL / DL Pickup T
[LOOP CONTROL] DL Pickup T: 50.00

Range

0.01 ~ 600.00 sec Step 0.01 sec

Default 50.00

Dead Bus Pickup Time Delay : During DL Pickup T, the line becomes Dead Line and LL Regain T Timer shall be operated so that SEC, MID, TIE can operate. DL Pickup T Timer is the Cumulative Timer to count Dead Line time while C/B or Recloser is doing re-close operation. Timer is not reset regardless of Live Line and it is reset by DL rest T Timer. Setting shall be the same or bigger than the sum of C/B or reclosers reclosing time.

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PRIMARY SETTING / SYSTEM SETUP / LOOP CONTROL / LL Regain T


[LOOP CONTROL] LL Regain T: 10.00

Range

0.01 ~ 600.00 sec Step 0.01 sec

Default 10.00

Live Bus Pickup Time Delay : DL Pickup T shall be finished and during reset time, the line shall not be Live Line. SECs reset Time shall be longer than MID 5 seconds, and MIDs shall be longer than TIEs 5 seconds. When timer is finished, SEC is opened, MID changes Settings from Primary to Alternate(if Chg Alt-Mid is enable), and TIE is closed automatically after changing settings form Primary to Alternate(if Chg Alt-Tie is enable). PRIMARY SETTING / SYSTEM SETUP / LOOP CONTROL / DBRT Time
[LOOP CONTROL] DL Reset T: 5.00

Range

0.01 ~ 600.00 sec Step 0.01 sec

Default 5.00

Dead Bus Reset Time : It is a delay timer to reset accumulated time from DL Pickup T. This timer operates when DL Pickup T is set and the line becomes Live line. PRIMARY SETTING / SYSTEM SETUP / LOOP CONTROL / NRT After LC
[LOOP CONTROL] NRT After LC: 15.00

Range

0.00 ~ 600.00 sec Step 0.01 sec

Default 15.00 MID, TIE.

Non Reclose Time After LC Action : Setting values are used in This timer prevents from Reclosing when recloser operates due to a fault after Loop control. After LL Regain T and changed Settings, while backward distributing line operating, if a fault occurs and MID trips within a set time, MID reclose. MID trips once and lockouts. If a fault occurs and MID trips after a set time, reclosing is executed. After LL Regain T, when a fault occurs and TIE trips within a set time, TIE also, trips once and lockout. If a fault occurs and TIE trips after a set time, reclosing is executed.

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6.8.2. Loop Control Logic Diagram

Figure 6-4. Sectionalizing Recloser Logic

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Figure 6-5. MID Point Recloser Logic

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Figure 6-6. TIE Point Recloser Logic

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6.9. Loop Control Application


6.9.1. 5-Reclosers Loop Control
For five reclosers loop control, it consists of 2 sets of SEC(Sectionalizing Recloser), 2 sets of MID(MIDpoint Reclosers) and 1 set of TIE(TIEpoint Recloser). Setting is in-turn form Source side to SEC-MID-TIE. In Table 6-2. 5-Reclosers Setting, the source side bushings of RC1, RC2, RC3 are installed for CB1 side. And the source side bushings of RC4, RC5 are installed for CB2 side. Table 6-2. 5-Reclosers Setting
SETTING Type Select VRS S/M VRS Tie VS Wire VL Wire Cng Alt-Mid Cng Alt-Tie LC After Cl LC After Op OT Both DL Auto Rest T DL V Max(%) LL V Min(%) DL Pickup T LL Regain T DL Reset T NRT After LC PROGRAM 1 PROGRAM 2 Reclose Time CB1 RC1 SEC
VS

RC2 MID
VS

RC3 TIE X VS&VL 3PN 1PN(A) X ON X ENABLE 10.00 5.00 50.0 70.0 22.0 15.00 5.00 10.00 ENABLE X

RC4 MID
VS

RC5 SEC
VS

CB2 -

X 3PN 1PN(A) X X ENABLE X 5.00 50.0 70.0 22.0 5.00 5.00 X ENABLE ENABLE

X 3PN 1PN(A) ON X ENABLE X X 5.00 50.0 70.0 22.0 10.00 5.00 10.00 ENABLE ENABLE

X 3PN 1PN(A) ON X ENABLE X X 5.00 50.0 70.0 22.0 10.00 5.00 10.00 ENABLE ENABLE

X 3PN 1PN(A) X X ENABLE X 5.00 50.0 70.0 22.0 5.00 5.00 X ENABLE ENABLE

2sec-1st reclose, 5sec-2nd reclose, 15sec-3rd reclose (lockout) X is not used.

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5-Reclosers Loop control at F1 Fault

Figure 6-7. 5-Reclosers Loop Control at F1 Fault

Step1 : When Permanent Fault occurs at F1, CB1 operates reclosing sequence and then Trip Lockouts. During CB1 operation, accumulates Dead line time and the accumulated time becomes DL Pick T. When a line is Dead Line, LL Regain T operates. DL Pick T is set by summing all reclosing time of back line equipment. SEC, MID, TIE has the same setting time. Step2 : LL Regain T is set, and if the line is not becoming Live line within a set time, SEC(RC1), MID(RC2), TIE(RC3) operate. To operate LL Regain T from SECMIDTIE in turn, MID shall have longer time set than SEC, TIE shall have longer time set than MID. When LL Regain T is enable, SEC(RC1) is opened automatically, MID(RC2) changes to Alternate setting. Step3 : When LL Regain T is finished, TIE(RC3) changes to Alternate setting automatically, and then automatically close. F1 is isolated by Loop control operation, the rest of region shall be alive by backward distributing line. Step4 : After removing a Fault, close CB1, then, SEC(RC1) automatically close after AutoRestoration Time. Step5 : Manually open TIE(RC3), change MID(RC2), TIE(RC3) setting to Primary setting. Enable Loop control of TIE(RC3) to recover the line as previous normal line.

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5-Reclosers Loop control at F2 Fault

Figure 6-8. 5-Reclosers Loop Control at F2 Fault Step1 : When Permanent Fault occurs at F2, SEC(RC1) operate reclosing sequence and tirp lockout. During SEC(RC1) operation, accumulate Dead line time, and the accumulated Dead line time becomes DL Pick T. When the line is Dead Line, LL Regain T operates. DL Pick T is set by summing all reclosing time of back line equipment. MID, TIE point recloser has the same setting time. Step2 : LL Regain T is set, and if the line is not becoming Live line within a set time, MID(RC2), TIE(RC3) operate. To operate LL Regain T from MIDTIE in turn, TIE shall have longer time set than MID. When LL Regain T is enable, MID(RC2) changes to Alternate setting automatically. Step3 : When LL Regain T is finished, TIE(RC3) automatically close after changing to Alternate setting. Step4 : When closing TIE(RC3), MID(RC2) trip once and lockout because of F2 fault. F2 is isolated by Loop control operation, the rest of region shall be alive by backward distributing line. Step5 : After removing a Fault, close SEC(RC1), then, MID(RC3) automatically changes to Alternate setting after Auto Restoration Time.

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Step6 : Manually open TIE(RC3) and change to Primary setting. Enable Loop control of TIE(RC3) to recover the line as previous normal line.

5-Reclosers Loop control at F3 Fault

Figure 6-9. 5-Reclosers Loop Control at F2 Fault

Step1 : When Permanent Fault occurs at F3, MID(RC2) operate reclosing sequence and tirp lockout. During MID(RC2) operation, accumulate Dead line time, and the accumulated Dead line time becomes DL Pick T. When the line is Dead Line, LL Regain T operates. DL Pick T is set by summing all reclosing time of back line equipment. Step2 : LL Regain T is set, and if the line is not becoming Live line within a set time, TIE(RC3) operate. When LL Regain T is enable, TIE(RC3) changes to Alternate setting automatically. Step3 : When closing TIE(RC3), TIE(RC3) trip once and lockout because of F3 fault. F3 is isolated by Loop control operation, the rest of region shall be alive by backward distributing line. Step4 : After removing the fault, close MID(RC3) Step5 : Manually open TIE(RC3) and change to Primary setting. Enable Loop control of TIE(RC3), and recover the previous the line as the previous normal line.

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6.9.2. 3-Reclosers Loop Control


For three - reclosers loop control, it consists of 2 sets of SEC(Sectionalizing Recloser), 1 set of TIE(TIEpoint Recloser). Setting is in-turn form Source side to SEC and to TIE. In Table 6-3. 3-Reclosers Setting, the source side bushings of RC1, RC2 are installed for CB1 side. And the source side bushings of RC3 is installed for CB2 side. Table 6-3. 3-Reclosers Setting
SETTING Type Select VRS S/M VRS Tie VS Wire VL Wire Cng Alt-Mid Cng Alt-Tie LC After Cl LC After Op OT Both DL Auto Rest T DL V Max(%) LL V Min(%) DL Pickup T LL Regain T DL Reset T NRT After LC PROGRAM 1 PROGRAM 2 Reclose Time CB1 RC1 SEC RC2 TIE X VS&VL 3PN 1PN(A) X ON X ENABLE 10.00 5.00 50.0 70.0 22.0 10.00 5.00 10.00 ENABLE X RC3 SEC CB2 -


VS


VS

X 3PN 1PN(A) X X ENABLE X 5.00 50.0 70.0 22.0 5.00 5.00 X ENABLE ENABLE

X 3PN 1PN(A) X X ENABLE X 5.00 50.0 70.0 22.0 5.00 5.00 X ENABLE ENABLE

2sec-1st reclose, 5sec-2nd reclose, 15sec-3rd reclose (lockout) X is not used.

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3-Reclosers Loop control at F1 Fault

Figure 6-10. 3-Reclosers Loop control at F1 Fault

Step1 : When Permanent Fault occurs at F1, CB1 operates reclosing sequence and then Trip Lockouts. During CB1 operation, accumulates Dead line time and the accumulated time becomes DL Pick T. When a line is Dead Line, LL Regain T operates. DL Pick T is set by summing all reclosing time of back line equipment. SEC, TIE has the same setting time. Step2 : LL Regain T is set, and if the line is not becoming Live line within a set time, SEC(RC1), TIE(RC2) operate. To operate LL Regain T from SECTIE in turn, TIE shall have longer time set than SEC. When LL Regain T is finished, SEC(RC1) is opened automatically, TIE(RC2) automatically changes to Alternate setting and close. F1 is isolated by Loop control operation, the rest of region shall be alive by backward distributing line. Step3 : After removing the fault, close CB1, SEC(RC1) is automatically closed after Auto Restoration Time. Step4 : Manually open TIE(RC2) and change to Primary setting. Enable Loop control of TIE(RC2) and recover the line as the previous normal line.

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3-Reclosers Loop control at F2 Fault

Figure 6-11. 3-Reclosers Loop control at F2 Fault

Step1 : When Permanent Fault occurs at F2, SEC(RC1) operates reclosing sequence and then Trip Lockouts. During SEC(RC1) operation, accumulates Dead line time and the accumulated time becomes DL Pick T. When a line is Dead Line, LL Regain T operates. Step2 : LL Regain T is set, and if the line is not becoming Live line within a set time, TIE(RC2) automatically changes to Alternate setting and close. When closing TIE(RC2), MID(RC2) trip once and lockouts because of F2. Step3 : After removing the fault, close SEC(RC1). Step4 : Manually open TIE(RC2) and change to Primary setting. Enable Loop control of TIE(RC2) and recover the line as the previous normal line.

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7. PROTECTION
Protective Elements Block diagram - ANSI Designations

SOURCE

EVRC2A
OPTION 1 VT 3VT V1, V2, 3V0

CVD VT

OPTION 2 3CVD CVD TRANSDUCER Metering V, I, Watt, var, Hz, PF CT 3WYE

27 1,2

59 1,2

81

50P 1,2

51P 1,2 67P 1,2

25
I1

79 1-4

RECLOSER

I2

46/50 1,2

46/51 1,2

46/67 1,2

3I0

27
OPTION 2 1CVD CVD TRANSDUCER

OPTION 1 VT 1VT

81

50G 1,2

51G 1,2

67G 1,2

51 SEF

67 SEF

ZCT 3I0

LOAD

Figure 7-1. Protective Elements Block Diagram - ANSI Designations

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Protective Elements - ANSI Designations


Table 7-1. Protective Elements -ANSI Designations Protective Elements Phase fast time overcurrent Ground fast time overcurrent Negative sequence fast time overcurrent Phase delay time overcurrent Ground delay time overcurrent Negative sequence delay time overcurrent Sensitive Earth Fault protection Phase directional time control Ground directional time control Negative sequence directional time control Directional Sensitive Earth Fault Phase instantaneous high current trip Ground instantaneous high current trip Negative sequence instantaneous high current trip Phase High current trip lockout Ground High current trip lockout Negative sequence High current trip lockout Four shot recloser Under voltage 1 Under voltage 2 Over voltage 1 Over voltage 2 Under frequency Synchronism check Cold load pickup Sequence coordination ANSI Designations 51P1 51G1 46(51)-1 51P2 51G2 46(51)-2 51SEF 67P 67G 67I2 67SEF 50P1 50G1 46(50)1 50P2 50G2 46(50)2 79 27-1 27-2 59-1 59-2 81 25

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7.1. Phase (Fast/Delay) Time Overcurrents (51P)


The EVRC2A has two phase time overcurrent elements. The phase time overcurrent element contained in the EVR2A, is set based on CT secondary current as connected to the current inputs. The phase time overcurrent element is the most commonly used as a protective element for distribution systems and also used in both down-line and back-up recloser protection. The phase time overcurrent element provides a time delay versus current for tripping that is used for an inverse time curve characteristic coordinated with current pickup value, curve type, time dial, time adder, minimum response time setting and reset type. This inverse characteristic means that time overcurrent element operates slowly on small values of current above the pickup value and operates faster when current increases significantly above the pickup value. The phase time overcurrent element is enabled in the Primary, Alternate settings and PROTECTION ENABLED in user interface panel. Multiple time curves and time dials are available for the phase time overcurrent element to respectively coordinate with other protection elements in the EVRC2A and other external devices on the distribution system. ANSI, IEC, ESB, USER and non-standard time current curves are included in the EVRC2A. A User Programmable curve option is also available for user to allow creating customs time current curves for more enhanced coordination than the standard curve types. The Reset type can be either instantaneous or linear. The phase time delay reset mode applies to the ANSI, IEC, ESB, USER curves. The instantaneous mode is used to coordinate with other instantaneous reset devices such as a recloser or other protective equipment on the distribution system. In the instantaneous mode, the time overcurrent element will reset instantaneously when the measured current level drops below the pickup setting for one cycle. If the recloser is closed by pressing the CLOSE button on the front panel, or by an remote control or via SCADA, the phase time overcurrent element is prevented from tripping for a period specified by the Cold load pickup scheme.

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The following setting is used to program the phase fast time overcurrent element. PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / PICKUP CURRENT / Phase
[PICKUP CURRENT xCT] >Phase: 0.50 Ground: 0.25 S.E.F: 0.010

Range

OFF, 0.04 ~ 3.20 Step 0.01

Default 0.50

Enter the pickup value as a fraction of the source CTs nominal current. The pickup current is the threshold current at which the phase time overcurrent element starts timing. The dropout threshold is 98% of the pickup threshold curves as a multiple of the source CT. For example, if 1000:1 CTs are used and a phase pickup of 500 amps is required for the phase time overcurrent element, enter 0.50

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / PHASE FAST / Function


[PHASE FAST] >Function: TRIP Relays(0-8): OFF Curve: ANSI-SI

Range

TRIP, TR&AR Step ~

Default TRIP a TRIP condition, Trip operates.

If function = Trip, the feature is operational. When the feature asserts If function = Trip & AR, the feature is operational. When the feature asserts a TRIP condition, TRIP and any other selected output relays operate.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / PHASE FAST / Relays(0-8)


[PHASE FAST] Function: TRIP >Relays(0-8): OFF Curve: ANSI-SI

Range

OFF, 0 ~ 8 Step 1

Default OFF

Selects the relays required to operate when the feature generates a Trip. Maximum 4 of Relay outputs can be selected to operate output signal. 0000(off) : No Output Relay is selected. 1234 : Operate output signal through 1, 2, 3, 4 Output Relay.

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PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / PHASE FAST / Curve


[PHASE FAST] Function: TRIP Relays(0-8): OFF >Curve: ANSI-SI

Range

ANSI-MI, ANSI-NI, , KG(165) Step ~

Default ANSI-SI Select the desired curve type :

ANSI : Moderately, Normally, Very, Extremely, Short Inverse, Definite Time(1s ,10s) IEC : Standard, Very, Extremely, Long, Short Inverse ESB : Normally, Very, Long Very Inverse User programmable curves : U1,U2,U3,U4 McGraw-Edison : Non Standard Curves 37 PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / PHASE FAST / Time Dial
[PHASE FAST] Relays(0-8): OFF Curve: ANSI-SI >Time Dial: 0.50

Range

0.05 ~ 15.00 Step 0.01

Default 0.50 vertical time axis.

A time dial setpoint allows shifting of the selected base curve in the

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / PHASE FAST / Time Adder


[PHASE FAST] Curve: ANSI-SI Time Dial: 0.50 >Time Adder: 0.00

Range

0.00 ~ 10.00 sec Step 0.01 sec

Default 0.00 time overcurrent curve function.

An additional time delay is added to the time delay resulting from the

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / PHASE FAST / M.R.T


[PHASE FAST] Time Dial: 0.50 Time Adder: 0.00 >M.R.T: 0.00

Range

0.00 ~ 10.00 sec Step 0.01 sec

Default 0.00 if the time delay is shorter.

The minimum time delay that will occur between pickup and trip, even This function can be useful for other protective device and line fuse coordination.

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PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / PHASE FAST / Reset Method


[PHASE FAST] Time Adder: 0.00 M.R.T: 0.00 >Reset Method: INST

Range

INST, LINEAR Step ~

Default INST

Overcurrent tripping time calculations are made with an internal energy Capacity memory variable. When this variable indicates that the energy capacity has reached 100%, a time overcurrent trip is generated. If less than 100% is accumulated in this variable and the current falls below the dropout threshold of the pickup value, the variable must be reduced. Two methods of this resetting operation are available, Instantaneous and Linear. The Instantaneous selection is intended for applications with other relays, such as most static units, which set the energy capacity directly to zero when the current falls below the reset threshold. The Linear selection can be used where the relay must coordinate with electromechanical units.

The phase delay time overcurrent settings process is very similarly to the phase fast time overcurrent.

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7.2. Phase High Current Trip (50P-1)


The EVRC2A has a phase high current trip element. The phase high current trip element in the EVRC2A, is set based on CT secondary current as connected to the current inputs. The phase high current trip element provides a definite time delay versus current. The operating time of phase high current trip element should be set for equal to or faster than the phase time overcurrent elements. The phase high current trip element is enabled in the Primary, Alternate settings and PROTECTION ENABLED on user interface panel. Phase high current trip is not affected by the cold load pickup scheme. The phase high current trip element in the following five settings should be enabled for phase high current trip. PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / H/C TRIP-PHA / Function
[ H/C TRIP-PHA ] >Function: OFF Relays(0-8): OFF Pickup(xCT): 4.00

Range

OFF, TRIP, TR&AR Step ~

Default OFF

If function = OFF, the feature is not operational. If function = Trip, the feature is operational. When the feature asserts a TRIP condition, Trip operates. If function = Trip & AR, the feature is operational. When the feature asserts a TRIP & AR condition, it trips and alarms.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / H/C TRIP-PHA / Relays(0-8)


[ H/C TRIP-PHA ] Function: OFF >Relays(0-8): OFF Pickup(xCT): 4.00

Range

OFF, 0 ~ 8 Step 1

Default OFF

Selects the required relays to operate when the feature generates a Trip.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / H/C TRIP-PHA / Pickup(xCT)


[ H/C TRIP-PHA ] Function: OFF Relays(0-8): OFF >Pickup(xCT): 4.00

Range

0.10 ~ 20.00 Step 0.01

Default 4.00

Enter the pickup value as a fraction of the source CTs nominal current. The pickup current is the threshold current at which the phase high current trip element starts timing. For example, if 1000:1 CTs are used and a phase pickup of 4000 amps is required for the high current trip element, enter 4.00

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PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / H/C TRIP-PHA / Time Delay


[ H/C TRIP-PHA ] Relays(0-8): OFF Pickup(xCT): 4.00 >Time Delay: 0.00

Range

0.00 ~ 10.00 sec Step 0.01 sec

Default 0.00

The Time delay of phase high current trip setting programs a definite time delay for the phase high current trip. If set to zero, phase high current trip operates instantaneously.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / H/C TRIP-PHA / Active Trip


[ H/C TRIP-PHA ] Pickup(xCT): 4.00 Time Delay: 0.00 >Active Trip: OFF

Range

OFF, 1 ~ 5 Step 1

Default OFF

If Active Trip = OFF, the feature is not operate. If Active Trip = 2, then phase high current trip is enabled for the second trip operation and every following trip operation.

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7.3. Phase High Current Lockout (50P-2)


The EVRC2A has a phase high current lockout element. The phase high current lockout element in the EVRC2A is set based on CT secondary current as connected to the current inputs. The phase high current lockout element provides a definite time delay versus current. When high current lockout element is enabled, high current lockout element is operated prior to any other phase protection elements. If a fault current is higher than the pickup setting value, Lockout is operated. The phase high current lockout element can be set by a number of its active trip that is applied to the full operation to lockout, time delay and fault current. This function is very useful to prevent widespread line faults due to reclosing operations in case of permanent fault. The operating time of phase high current lockout element should be set for equal to or faster than and phase high current trip element. The phase high current lockout element is enabled in the Primary, Alternate setting and PROTECTION ENABLED in user interface panel. The phase high current lockout element is not affected by the cold load pickup scheme. The phase high current lockout element in the following five setting should be enabled for phase high current trip. PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / H/C LOCKOUT-PHA / Function
[ H/C LOCKOUT-PHA ] >Function: OFF Relays(0-8): OFF Pickup(xCT): 8.00

Range

OFF, TRIP, TR&AR Step ~

Default TRIP

If function = OFF, the feature is not operational. If function = Trip, the feature is operational. When the feature asserts a TRIP condition, Trip operates. If function = Trip & AR, the feature is operational. When the feature asserts a TRIP & AR condition, it trips and alarms.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / H/C LOCKOUT-PHA / Relays(0-8)


[ H/C LOCKOUT-PHA ] Function: OFF >Relays(0-8): OFF Pickup(xCT): 8.00

Range

OFF, 0 ~ 8 Step 1

Default OFF

Selects the required relays to operate when the feature generates a Trip.

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PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / H/C LOCKOUT-PHA / Pickup(xCT)


[ H/C LOCKOUT-PHA ] Function: OFF Relays(0-8): OFF >Pickup(xCT): 8.00

Range

0.10 ~ 20.00 Step 0.01

Default 8.00

Enter the pickup value as a fraction of the source CTs nominal current. The pickup current is the threshold current at which the phase high current lockout element starts timing. For example, if 1000:1 CTs are used and a phase pickup of 8000 amps is required for the high current lockout element, enter 8.00

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / H/C LOCKOUT-PHA / Time Delay


[ H/C LOCKOUT-PHA ] Relays(0-8): OFF Pickup(xCT): 8.00 >Time Delay: 0.00

Range

0.00 ~ 10.00 sec Step 0.01 sec

Default 0.00

The Time delay of phase high current trip setting programs a definite time delay for the phase high current trip. If set to zero, phase high current trip operates instantaneously.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / H/C LOCKOUT-PHA / Active Trip


[ H/C LOCKOUT-PHA ] Pickup(xCT): 8.00 Time Delay: 0.00 >Active Trip: OFF

Range

OFF, 1 ~ 5 Step 1

Default OFF

If Active Trip = OFF, the feature is not operate. If Active Trip = 2, then phase high current trip is enabled for the second trip operation and every following trip operation.

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7.4. Ground (Fast/Delay) Time Overcurrent (51G)


The EVRC2A has two ground time overcurrent elements. The ground time overcurrent element in the EVRC2A is set based on CT secondary current as connected to the current inputs. The ground time overcurrent element is the most commonly used as a protective element for distribution systems and also used in both down-line and back-up recloser protection. The ground time overcurrent element provides a time delay versus current for tripping that is used for an inverse time curve characteristic coordinated with current pickup value, curve type, time dial, time adder, minimum response time setting and reset type. This inverse characteristic means that time overcurrent element operates slowly on small values of current above the pickup value and operates faster when current increases significantly above the pickup value. The ground time overcurrent element is enabled in the Primary, Alternate settings and PROTECTION ENABLED in user interface panel. Multiple time curves and time dials are available for the ground time overcurrent element to closely coordinate with other protection elements within the EVRC2A and other external devices on the distribution system. ANSI, IEC, ESB, USER and non-standard time current curves are included in the EVRC2A. A User Programmable curve option is also available allowing the user to create customer time current curves for more enhanced coordination than the standard curve types. The Reset type can be either instantaneous or linear. The ground time delay reset mode applies to the ANSI, IEC, ESB, USER curves. The instantaneous mode is used to coordinate with other instantaneous reset devices such as a recloser or other protective equipment on the distribution system. In the instantaneous mode the time overcurrent element will reset instantaneously when the current level measured by the EVRC2A drops below the pickup setting for one cycle. If the recloser is closed by pressing the CLOSE button on the front panel, or by an remote control or via SCADA, the ground time overcurrent element is prevented from tripping for a period specified by the Cold load pickup scheme. The following setting is used to program the ground time overcurrent element.

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PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / PICKUP CURRENT / Ground


[PICKUP CURRENT xCT] Phase: 0.50 >Ground: 0.25 S.E.F: 0.010

Range

OFF, 0.02 ~ 3.20 Step 0.01

Default 0.25

Enter the pickup value as a fraction of the source CTs nominal current. The pickup current is the threshold current at which the ground time overcurrent element starts timing. The dropout threshold is 98% of the pickup threshold curves as a multiple of the source CT. For example, if 1000:1 CTs are used and a phase pickup of 250 amps is required for the ground time overcurrent element, enter 0.25

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / GROUND FAST / Function


[GROUND FAST] >Function: TRIP Relays(0-8): OFF Curve: ANSI-SI

Range

TRIP, TR&AR Step ~

Default TRIP

If function = Trip, the feature is operational. When the feature asserts a TRIP condition, which will operate the Trip. If function = Trip & AR, the feature is operational. When the feature asserts a TRIP&AR condition, it trips and alarms.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / GROUND FAST / Relays(0-8)


[GROUND FAST] Function: TRIP >Relays(0-8): OFF Curve: ANSI-SI

Range

OFF, 0 ~ 8 Step 1

Default OFF

Selects the relays required to operate when the feature generates a Trip.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / GROUND FAST / Curve


[GROUND FAST] Function: TRIP Relays(0-8): OFF >Curve: ANSI-SI

Range

ANSI-MI, ANSI-NI, , KG(165) Step ~

Default ANSI-SI Select the desired curve type :

ANSI : Moderately, Normally, Very, Extremely, Short Inverse, Definite Time(1s ,10s) IEC : Standard, Very, Extremely, Long, Short Inverse ESB : Normally, Very, Long Very Inverse User programmable curves : U1,U2,U3,U4 McGraw-Edison : Non Standard Curves 37

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PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / GROUND FAST / Time Dial


[GROUND FAST] Relays(0-8): OFF Curve: ANSI-SI >Time Dial: 0.50

Range

0.05 ~ 15.00 Step 0.01

Default 0.50 vertical time axis.

A time dial setpoint allows shifting of the selected base curve in the

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / GROUND FAST / Time Adder


[GROUND FAST] Curve: ANSI-SI Time Dial: 0.50 >Time Adder: 0.00

Range

0.00 ~ 10.00 sec Step 0.01 sec

Default 0.00 time overcurrent curve function.

An additional time delay is added to the time delay resulting from the

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / GROUND FAST / M.R.T


[GROUND FAST] Time Dial: 0.50 Time Adder: 0.00 >M.R.T: 0.00

Range

0.00 ~ 10.00 sec Step 0.01 sec

Default 0.00

The minimum time delay that will occur between pickup and trip, even if the time delay is shorter. This function can be useful for other protective device and line fuse coordination.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / GROUND FAST / Reset Method


[GROUND FAST] Time Adder: 0.00 M.R.T: 0.00 >Reset Method: INST

Range

INST, LINEAR Step ~

Default INST

Overcurrent tripping time calculations are made with an internal energy Capacity memory variable. When this variable indicates that the energy capacity has reached 100%, a time overcurrent trip is generated. If less than 100% is accumulated in this variable and the current falls below the dropout threshold of the pickup value, the variable must be reduced. Two methods of this resetting operation are available, Instantaneous and Linear. The Instantaneous selection is intended for applications with other relays, such as most static units, which set the energy capacity directly to zero when the current falls below the reset threshold. The Linear selection can be used where the relay must coordinate with electromechanical units.

The ground delay time overcurrent setting process is very similar to the ground fast time overcurrent setting process.

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7.5. Ground High Current Trip (50G-1)


The EVRC2A has a ground high current trip element. The ground high current trip element in the EVRC2A is set based on CT secondary current as connected to the current inputs. The ground high current trip element provides a definite time delay versus current. The operating time of ground high current trip overcurrent element should be set for equal to or faster than the ground time overcurrent elements. The ground high current trip element is enabled in the Primary, Alternate settings both PROTECTION ENABLED and GROUND ENABLED in user interface panel. Ground high current trip is not affected by the cold load pickup scheme. The ground high current trip element in the following five settings should be enabled for ground high current trip. PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / H/C TRIP-GND / Function
[ H/C TRIP-GND ] >Function: OFF Relays(0-8): OFF Pickup(xCT): 4.00

Range

OFF, TRIP, TR&AR Step ~

Default OFF

If function = OFF, the feature is not operational. If function = Trip, the feature is operational. When the feature asserts a TRIP condition, Trip operates. If function = Trip & AR, the feature is operational. When the feature asserts a TRIP & AR condition, it trips and alarms.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / H/C TRIP-GND / Relays(0-8)


[ H/C TRIP-GND ] Function: OFF >Relays(0-8): OFF Pickup(xCT): 4.00

Range

OFF, 0 ~ 8 Step 1

Default OFF

Selects the required relays to operate when the feature generates a Trip.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / H/C TRIP-GND / Pickup(xCT)


[ H/C TRIP-GND ] Function: OFF Relays(0-8): OFF >Pickup(xCT): 4.00

Range

0.10 ~ 20.00 Step 0.01

Default 4.00

Enter the pickup value as a fraction of the source CTs nominal current. The pickup current is the threshold current at which the phase high current trip element starts timing. For example, if 1000:1 CTs are used and a phase pickup of 4000 amps is required for the high current trip element, enter 4.00

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PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / H/C TRIP-GND / Time Delay


[ H/C TRIP-GND ] Relays(0-8): OFF Pickup(xCT): 4.00 >Time Delay: 0.00

Range

0.00 ~ 10.00 sec Step 0.01 sec

Default 0.00

The Time delay of phase high current trip setting programs a definite time delay for the phase high current trip. If set to zero, phase high current trip operates instantaneously.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / H/C TRIP-GND / Active Trip


[ H/C TRIP-GND ] Pickup(xCT): 4.00 Time Delay: 0.00 >Active Trip: OFF

Range

OFF, 1 ~ 5 Step 1

Default OFF

If Active Trip = OFF, the feature is not operate. If Active Trip = 2, then phase high current trip is enabled for the second trip operation and every following trip operation.

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7.6. Ground High Current Lockout (50G-2)


The EVRC2A has a ground high current lockout element. The ground high current lockout element in the EVRC2A, is set based on CT secondary current as connected to the current inputs. The ground high current lockout element provides a definite time delay versus current. The operating time of ground high current lockout overcurrent element should be set for equal to or faster than the ground high current trip element. The ground high current lockout element is enabled in the Primary, Alternate settings and both PROTECTION ENABLED and GROUND ENABLED in user interface panel. The ground high current lockout is not affected by the cold load pickup scheme. The ground high current lockout element in the following five settings should be enabled for ground high current lockout. PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / H/C LOCKOUT-GND / Function
[ H/C LOCKOUT-GND ] >Function: OFF Relays(0-8): OFF Pickup(xCT): 8.00

Range

OFF, TRIP, TR&AR Step ~

Default OFF

If function = OFF, the feature is not operational. If function = Trip, the feature is operational. When the feature asserts a TRIP condition, Trip operates. If function = Trip & AR, the feature is operational. When the feature asserts a TRIP & AR condition, it trips and alarms.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / H/C LOCKOUT-GND / Relays(0-8)


[ H/C LOCKOUT-GND ] Function: OFF >Relays(0-8): OFF Pickup(xCT): 8.00

Range

OFF, 0 ~ 8 Step 1

Default OFF

Selects the required relays to operate when the feature generates a Trip.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / H/C LOCKOUT-GND / Pickup(xCT)


[ H/C LOCKOUT-GND ] Function: OFF Relays(0-8): OFF >Pickup(xCT): 8.00

Range

0.10 ~ 20.00 Step 0.01

Default 8.00

Enter the pickup value as a fraction of the source CTs nominal current. The pickup current is the threshold current at which the phase high current lockout element starts timing. For example, if 1000:1 CTs are used and a phase pickup of 8000 amps is required for the high current lockout element, enter 8.00

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PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / H/C LOCKOUT-GND / Time Delay


[ H/C LOCKOUT-GND ] Relays(0-8): OFF Pickup(xCT): 8.00 >Time Delay: 0.00

Range

0.00 ~ 10.00 sec Step 0.01 sec

Default 0.00

The Time delay of phase high current trip setting programs a definite time delay for the phase high current trip. If set to zero, phase high current trip operates instantaneously.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / H/C LOCKOUT-GND / Active Trip


[ H/C LOCKOUT-GND ] Pickup(xCT): 8.00 Time Delay: 0.00 >Active Trip: OFF

Range

OFF, 1 ~ 5 Step 1

Default OFF

If Active Trip = OFF, the feature is not operate. If Active Trip = 2, then phase high current trip is enabled for the second trip operation and every following trip operation.

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7.7. Sensitive Earth Fault (SEF)


The sensitive earth fault (SEF) is applicable to systems that have restricted current flow for phase to earth fault. The SEF is not applicable to the case in 4 wire multi-earthed systems. The sensitivity of SEF element for non-earthed systems is dependent upon available fault current and the accuracy of CTs. For SEF element, EVRC2A has the separate SEF terminal on side panel. This input can be connected in series with the provided phase CTs (standard) or connected to a separate window type ZCT. The SEF element provides a definite time delay versus current . The SEF element is enabled in the Primary, Alternate settings and PROTECTION ENABLED and SEF ENABLED on user interface panel. For user systems, a directional SEF is available. The directional control is polarized by a zero sequence voltage(V0). The CVD or PTs should be connected Wye-grounded. The SEF element in the following three settings should be enabled.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / PICKUP CURRENT / S.E.F


[PICKUP CURRENT xCT] Phase: 0.50 Ground: 0.25 >S.E.F: OFF

Range

OFF, 0.005~0.160 Step 0.001

Default OFF

Enter the pickup value as a fraction of the source CTs nominal current. The pickup current is the threshold current at which the SEF element starts timing. For example, if 1000:1 CTs are used and a phase pickup of 10 amps is required for sensitive earth fault element, enter 0.010

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / SEF ELEMENT / Function


[ SEF ELEMENT ] >Function: TRIP Relays(0-8): OFF Time Delay: 1.00

Range

OFF, TRIP, TR&AR Step ~

Default TRIP

If function = OFF, the feature is not operational. If function = Trip, the feature is operational. When the feature asserts a TRIP condition, Trip operates. If function = Trip & AR, the feature is operational. When the feature asserts a TRIP & AR condition, it trips and alarms.

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PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / SEF ELEMENT / Relays(0-8)


[ SEF ELEMENT ] Function: TRIP >Relays(0-8): OFF Time Delay: 1.00

Range

OFF, 0 ~ 8 Step 1

Default OFF

Selects the relays required to operate when the feature generates a Trip.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / SEF ELEMENT / Time Delay


[ SEF ELEMENT ] Function: TRIP Relays(0-8): OFF >Time Delay: 1.00

Range

0.00 ~ 10.00 sec Step 0.01 sec

Default 1.00

The Time delay of Sensitive Earth Fault setting programs a definite time delay for the Sensitive Earth Fault. If set to zero, phase high current trip operates instantaneously.

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7.8. Negative Sequence (Fast/Delay) Time Overcurrent (46)


The EVRC2A has two negative sequence time overcurrent elements. The negative sequence element measures the amount of unbalance current in the system. The negative sequence overcurrent element can also be used to detect phase to ground and two phase ground faults. The negative sequence time overcurrent element provides a time delay versus current for tripping using that an inverse time curve characteristic is operated to coordinate, current pickup value, curve type, time dial, time adder, minimum response time setting and reset type. The negative sequence time overcurrent element is enabled in the Primary, Alternate settings and both PROTECTION ENABLED in user interface panel. Multiple time curves and time dials are available for the negative sequence time overcurrent element to closely coordinate with other protection elements in the EVRC2A and other external devices on the distribution system. The Reset type can be either instantaneous or linear. The negative sequence time delay reset mode applies to the ANSI, IEC, ESB, USER curves. The instantaneous mode is used to coordinate with other instantaneous reset devices such as a recloser or other protective equipment on the distribution system. In the instantaneous mode, the time overcurrent element will reset instantaneously when the measured current level drops below the pickup setting for one cycle. If the recloser is closed by pressing the CLOSE button on the front panel, or by an remote control or via SCADA, the negative sequence time overcurrent element is prevented from tripping for a period specified by the Cold load pickup scheme. PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / PICKUP CURRENT / NEG Seq
[PICKUP CURRENT xCT] Ground: 0.25 S.E.F: OFF >NEG Seq: OFF

Range

OFF, 0.04 ~ 3.20 Step 0.01

Default OFF

Enter the pickup value as a fraction of the source CTs nominal current. The pickup current is the threshold current at which the phase time overcurrent element starts timing. The dropout threshold is 98% of the pickup threshold curves as a multiple of the source CT. For example, if 1000:1 CTs are used and a phase pickup of 500 amps is required for the phase time overcurrent element, enter 0.50

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PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / NEG SEQ FAST / Function


[NEG SEQ FAST] >Function: TRIP Relays(0-8): OFF Curve: ANSI-SI

Range

TRIP, TR&AR Step ~

Default TRIP a TRIP condition, Trip operates.

If function = Trip, the feature is operational. When the feature asserts If function = Trip & AR, the feature is operational. When the feature asserts a TRIP condition, TRIP and any other selected output relays operate.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / NEG SEQ FAST / Relays(0-8)


[NEG SEQ FAST] Function: TRIP >Relays(0-8): OFF Curve: ANSI-SI

Range

OFF, 0 ~ 8 Step 1

Default OFF

Selects the relays required to operate when the feature generates a Trip.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / NEG SEQ FAST / Curve


[NEG SEQ FAST] Function: TRIP Relays(0-8): OFF >Curve: ANSI-SI

Range

ANSI-MI, ANSI-NI, , KG(165) Step ~

Default ANSI-SI Select the desired curve type :

ANSI : Moderately, Normally, Very, Extremely, Short Inverse, Definite Time(1s ,10s) IEC : Standard, Very, Extremely, Long, Short Inverse ESB : Normally, Very, Long Very Inverse User programmable curves : U1,U2,U3,U4 McGraw-Edison : Non Standard Curves 37 PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / NEG SEQ FAST / Time Dial
[NEG SEQ FAST] Relays(0-8): OFF Curve: ANSI-SI >Time Dial: 0.50

Range

0.05 ~ 15.00 Step 0.01

Default 0.50 vertical time axis.

A time dial setpoint allows shifting of the selected base curve in the

The negative sequence delay time overcurrent setting process is very similar the negative sequence fast time overcurrent setting process.

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7.9. Negative Sequence High Current Trip (46(50)-1)


The negative sequence high current trip in the EVRC2A is set based on CT secondary current as connected to the current inputs. The negative sequence high current trip element provides a definite time delay versus current. The operating time of negative sequence high current trip element should be set equal to or faster than the negative sequence time overcurrent elements. The negative sequence high current trip element is enabled in the Primary, Alternate settings and PROTECTION on user interface panel. The negative sequence high current trip is not affected by the cold load pickup scheme. The ground high current trip element in the following five settings should be enabled for negative sequence high current trip. PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / H/C TRIP-NEQ / Function
[ H/C TRIP-NEQ ] >Function: OFF Relays(0-8): OFF Pickup(xCT): 4.00

Range

OFF, TRIP, TR&AR Step ~

Default OFF

If function = OFF, the feature is not operational. If function = Trip, the feature is operational. When the feature asserts a TRIP condition, Trip operates. If function = Trip & AR, the feature is operational. When the feature asserts a TRIP & AR condition, it trips and alarms.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / H/C TRIP-NEQ / Relays(0-8)


[ H/C TRIP-NEQ ] Function: OFF >Relays(0-8): OFF Pickup(xCT): 4.00

Range

OFF, 0 ~ 8 Step 1

Default OFF

Selects the required relays to operate when the feature generates a Trip.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / H/C TRIP-NEQ / Pickup(xCT)


[ H/C TRIP-NEQ ] Function: OFF Relays(0-8): OFF >Pickup(xCT): 4.00

Range

0.10 ~ 20.00 Step 0.01

Default 4.00

Enter the pickup value as a fraction of the source CTs nominal current. The pickup current is the threshold current at which the phase high current trip element starts timing. For example, if 1000:1 CTs are used and a phase pickup of 4000 amps is required for the high current trip element, enter 4.00

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PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / H/C TRIP-NEQ / Time Delay


[ H/C TRIP-NEQ ] Relays(0-8): OFF Pickup(xCT): 4.00 >Time Delay: 0.00

Range

0.00 ~ 10.00 sec Step 0.01 sec

Default 0.00

The Time delay of phase high current trip setting programs a definite time delay for the phase high current trip. If set to zero, phase high current trip operates instantaneously.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / H/C TRIP-NEQ / Active Trip


[ H/C TRIP-NEQ ] Pickup(xCT): 4.00 Time Delay: 0.00 >Active Trip: OFF

Range

OFF, 1 ~ 5 Step 1

Default OFF

If Active Trip = OFF, the feature is not operate. If Active Trip = 2, then phase high current trip is enabled for the second trip operation and every following trip operation.

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7.10. Negative Sequence High Current Lockout (46(50)-2)


The EVRC2A has a negative sequence high current lockout element. Negative sequence high current lockout element in the EVRC2A is set based on CT secondary current as connected to the current inputs. The negative sequence high current lockout element provides a definite time delay characteristic versus current. The negative sequence high current lockout element should be set equal to or faster than the negative sequence high current trip element. The negative sequence high current lockout element is enabled in the Primary, Alternate settings and both PROTECTION ENABLED and GROUND ENABLED in user interface panel. Negative sequence high current lockout is not affected by the cold load pickup scheme. The negative sequence high current lockout element in the following five settings should be enabled for the negative sequence high current lockout. PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / H/C LOCKOUT-NEQ / Function
[ H/C LOCKOUT-NEQ ] >Function: OFF Relays(0-8): OFF Pickup(xCT): 8.00

Range

OFF, TRIP, TR&AR Step ~

Default OFF

If function = OFF, the feature is not operational. If function = Trip, the feature is operational. When the feature asserts a TRIP condition, Trip operates. If function = Trip & AR, the feature is operational. When the feature asserts a TRIP & AR condition, it trips and alarms.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / H/C LOCKOUT-NEQ / Relays(0-8)


[ H/C LOCKOUT-NEQ ] Function: OFF >Relays(0-8): OFF Pickup(xCT): 8.00

Range

OFF, 0 ~ 8 Step 1

Default OFF

Selects the required relays to operate when the feature generates a Trip.

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PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / H/C LOCKOUT-NEQ / Pickup(xCT)


[ H/C LOCKOUT-NEQ ] Function: OFF Relays(0-8): OFF >Pickup(xCT): 8.00

Range

0.10 ~ 20.00 Step 0.01

Default 8.00

Enter the pickup value as a fraction of the source CTs nominal current. The pickup current is the threshold current at which the phase high current lockout element starts timing. For example, if 1000:1 CTs are used and a phase pickup of 8000 amps is required for the high current lockout element, enter 8.00

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / H/C LOCKOUT-NEQ / Time Delay


[ H/C LOCKOUT-NEQ ] Relays(0-8): OFF Pickup(xCT): 8.00 >Time Delay: 0.00

Range

0.00 ~ 10.00 sec Step 0.01 sec

Default 0.00

The Time delay of phase high current trip setting programs a definite time delay for the phase high current trip. If set to zero, phase high current trip operates instantaneously.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / H/C LOCKOUT-NEQ / Active Trip


[ H/C LOCKOUT-NEQ ] Pickup(xCT): 8.00 Time Delay: 0.00 >Active Trip: OFF

Range

OFF, 1 ~ 5 Step 1

Default OFF

If Active Trip = OFF, the feature is not operate. If Active Trip = 2, then phase high current trip is enabled for the second trip operation and every following trip operation.

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7.11. Directional Controls (67)


The directional Controls provide time protection in the direction of power flow. The directional Controls are necessary for the protection of multiple feeders, when it has the necessity of finding faults in different directions. The directional controls are composed of phase, neutral, sensitive ground, and negative sequence overcurrent elements. If directional controls are selected, it will determine whether current flow in each phase is in forward or reverse direction, as determined by the connection of the phase CTs, selected Maximum Torque Angle (MTA), voltage and current phasors. To increase security of all directional controls, add one power frequency cycle of intentional delay to prevent incorrect operation. The directional controls have each three settings. The directional controls settings can be different in the Primary and Alternate settings. NOTE : In case of CVD type Recloser, EVRC2A only measures voltages without checking directional elements.

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7.11.1. Phase Directional Controls (67P)


The positive sequence voltage V1 provides the direction of phase pole in the power system. The phase direction is determined as comparing the positive sequence voltage(V1) to the direction of the positive sequence current(I1). The maximum torque angle is set between 0 to 359 degree. The factory default value for maximum torque angle has a lead of 300 degree over V1. If the polarized voltage drops below minimum polarized voltage, the phase direction control will lose direction and will not trip. Then any fault on the distribution line may trip due to the phase overcurrent element, which is non-directional. The phase direction control can be programmed for non-direction or to provide a trip for current flow in the forward or reverse direction only. Following diagram shows the phasor diagram for I1 directional polarization in the complex plane.
Polarizing Referance Voltage:
T ro Ze orq e Lin ue

V1
Typical Fault Angle
ine eL u orq

I1
x Ma

um im

Maximum Torque Angle : set 300 degree

a rw Fo rse ve Re

rd

Figure 7-2. Phasor Diagram for I1 Directional Polarization

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The phase direction control in the following four settings should be enabled. PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / DIRECTION / PHASE DIRECTION / Type
[PHASE DIRECTION] >Type: OFF M.T.A: 300 M.P.A: 0.20

Range

OFF, FOR, REV Step ~

Default OFF OFF : None direction FOR : Forward direction REV : Reverse direction

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / DIRECTION / PHASE DIRECTION / M.T.A


[PHASE DIRECTION] Type: OFF >M.T.A: 300 M.P.A: 0.20

Range

0 ~ 359 Step 1

Default 300

Enter the Maximum Torque Angle. The Maximum Torque Angle setting determines the range of current direction for the polarizing voltage. For typical distribution systems, the faulted angle of the phase will be approximately 3060 degree

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / DIRECTION / PHASE DIRECTION / M.P.V


[PHASE DIRECTION] Type: OFF M.T.A: 300 >M.P.A: 0.20

Range

0 ~ 1.25 xVT(secondary nominal voltage) Step 0.01

Default 0.20 nominal voltage.

Enter the minimum polarizing voltage as a fraction of the secondary

PRIMARY SETTING/PROTECTION / DIRECTION / PHASE DIRECTION / BLOCK OC


[PHASE DIRECTION] M.T.A: 300 M.P.A: 0.20 >BLOCK OC: NO

Range

NO, YES Step ~

Default NO

The BLOCK OC setting determines the overcurrent tripping conditions when the polarizing voltage drops below minimum polarizing voltage. If BLOCK OC = NO, then tripping by the overcurrent elements will be permitted. If BLOCK OC = YES, then tripping by the overcurrent elements will be blocked.

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7.11.2. Ground Directional Controls (67G)


The zero sequence voltage 3V0 provides the direction of ground control in the power system. The ground direction is determined as comparing the zero sequence voltage(3V0) to the direction of the zero sequence current(Ig). The Maximum Torque Angle is set between 0 to 359 degree. The factory default value for maximum torque angle has a lead of 135 degree over 3V0. If the polarized voltage drops below minimum polarized voltage, the ground direction control will lose direction and will not trip. Then any fault on the distribution line may trip due to the ground overcurrent element, which is non-directional. The ground direction control can be programmed to either non-direction or provide a trip for current flow in the forward or reverse direction only. The following diagram shows the phasor diagram for Ig directional polarization in the complex plane.

-V0

Polarizing Referance Voltage:

V0

Figure 7-3. Phasor Diagram for Ig Directional Polarization

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Re ve rs e

Fo

rw ar d

M ax

im um

Ig
ue rq ne Li

To

Fault Current

rq ue

Li n ro Ze To

RECLOSER CONTROL EVRC2A

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The ground direction control in the following four settings should be enabled. PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / DIRECTION / GROUND DIRECTION / Type
[GROUND DIRECTION] >Type: OFF M.T.A: 135 M.P.A: 0.20

Range

OFF, FOR, REV Step ~

Default OFF OFF : None direction FOR : Forward direction REV : Reverse direction

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / DIRECTION / GROUND DIRECTION / M.T.A


[GROUND DIRECTION] Type: OFF >M.T.A: 135 M.P.A: 0.20

Range

0 ~ 359 Step 1

Default 135

Enter the maximum torque angle, The maximum torque angle setting determines the range of current direction for the polarized voltage. For system with high-resistance grounding or floating neutrals, the ground maximum torque angle will be approximately 135 degree. For system with solidly grounded or resistively grounded the maximum torque angle will be approximately 90 degree.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / DIRECTION / PHASE DIRECTION / M.P.V


[GROUND DIRECTION] Type: OFF M.T.A: 135 >M.P.A: 0.20

Range

0 ~ 1.25 xVT(secondary nominal voltage) Step 0.01

Default 0.20

Enter the minimum polarizing voltage. For systems with high-resistance grounding or floating neutrals, this M.P.V will be approximately 0.20 x VT. For system with solidly grounded or resistively grounded the M.P.V will be approximately 0.10 x VT.

PRIMARY SETTING/PROTECTION/DIRECTION/GROUND DIRECTION/BLOCK OC


[GROUND DIRECTION] M.T.A: 135 M.P.A: 0.20 >BLOCK OC: NO

Range

NO, YES Step ~

Default NO

The BLOCK OC setting determines the overcurrent tripping conditions when the polarizing voltage drops below minimum polarizing voltage. If BLOCK OC = NO, then tripping by the overcurrent elements will be permitted. If BLOCK OC = YES, then tripping by the overcurrent elements will be blocked.

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The SEF direction control process a very similar method to the ground directional controls.

7.11.3. Negative Sequence Directional Controls (67(46))


The negative sequence voltage V2 provides the direction of negative sequence pole in the power system. The negative sequence direction control is determined as comparing the negative sequence voltage(V2) to the direction of the negative sequence current(I2). The Maximum Torque Angle is set between 0 to 359 degree. The factory default value for maximum torque angle has a lead of 135 degree over V2. If the polarized voltage drops below minimum polarized voltage, the negative sequence direction control will lose direction and will not trip. Then any fault on the distribution line may trip due to the negative sequence overcurrent element which is non-directional. The negative sequence direction control can be programmed for non-direction or to provide a trip for current flow in the forward or reverse direction only. The following diagram shows the phasor diagram for I2 directional polarization in the complex plane.

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-V2

ax

im um
Maximum Torque Angle : set 135 degree

Fault Current I2

Polarizing Referance Voltage:

V2

Figure 7-4. Phasor Diagram for I2 Directional Polarization The negative sequence directional controls in the following four settings should be enabled. PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / DIRECTION / NEQ DIRECTION / Type
[NEQ DIRECTION] >Type: OFF M.T.A: 135 M.P.A: 0.20

Range

OFF, FOR, REV Step ~

Default OFF OFF : None direction FOR : Forward direction REV : Reverse direction

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / DIRECTION / NEQ DIRECTION / M.T.A


[NEQ DIRECTION] Type: OFF >M.T.A: 135 M.P.A: 0.20

Range

0 ~ 359 Step 1

Default 135

Enter the maximum torque angle. The maximum torque angle setting determines the directional operating current for the polarizing voltage.

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Re ve rs e

Fo rw

ar d

To rq ue

Li ne ro Ze To ue rq ne Li

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PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / DIRECTION / NEQ DIRECTION / M.P.V


[NEQ DIRECTION] Type: OFF M.T.A: 135 >M.P.A: 0.20

Range

0 ~ 1.25 xVT(secondary nominal voltage) Step 0.01

Default 0.20

Enter the minimum polarizing voltage. For systems with high-resistance grounding or floating neutrals, this M.P.V will be approximately 0.20 x VT. For system with solidly grounded or resistively grounded the M.P.V will be approximately 0.10 x VT.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / DIRECTION / NEQ DIRECTION / BLOCK OC


[NEQ DIRECTION] M.T.A: 135 M.P.A: 0.20 >BLOCK OC: NO

Range

NO, YES Step ~

Default NO

The BLOCK OC setting determines the overcurrent tripping conditions when the polarizing voltage drops below minimum polarizing voltage. If BLOCK OC = NO, then tripping by the overcurrent elements will be permitted. If BLOCK OC = YES, then tripping by the overcurrent elements will be blocked.

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7.12. Reclose (79)


After a fault has occurred, the Reclose element closes the recloser when the programmed reclose interval time expires. The number of operation lockout setting is programmed one to five, and each reclose shot has its own separate reclose interval timer. If the fault is permanent and the recloser continues to trip and reclose, the Reclose element will continue to increment the operating counter. If this continues to the maximum number of the operating lockout programmed in the Reclose element, the reclose logic lockouts. If the fault is transient, then the reclose logic is reset by the reset logic. The reclosing element can be disabled in the Primary, Alternate settings by one operating lockout or by RECLOSE ENABLED push button on user interface panel. The Reclose Element should be enabled to the following settings. PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / OPERATIONS / Lockout-PHA
[OPERATION] >Lockout-PHA: Lockout-GND: Lockout-SEF:

Range
4 4 4

1~5 Step 1

Default 4

Select the total number of the phase trip operations. This setting is used to change the total number of the phase trip operations.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / OPERATIONS / Lockout-GND


[OPERATION] Lockout-PHA: >Lockout-GND: Lockout-SEF:

Range
4 4 4

1~5 Step 1

Default 4

Select the total number of the ground trip operations. This setting is used to change the total number of the ground trip operations.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / OPERATIONS / Lockout-SEF


[OPERATION] Lockout-PHA: Lockout-GND: >Lockout-SEF:

Range
4 4 4

1~5 Step 1

Default 4

Select the total number of the SEF trip operations. This setting is used to change the total number of the SEF trip operations

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PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / OPERATIONS / Lockout-NEQ


[OPERATION] Lockout-GND: Lockout-SEF: >Lockout-NEQ:

Range
4 4 4

1~5 Step 1

Default 4

Select the total number of the negative sequence trip operations. This setting is used to change the total number of the negative sequence trip operations.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / OPERATIONS / Fast Curve-PHA


[OPERATION] Lockout-GND: Lockout-SEF: >Fast Curve-PHA:

Range
4 4 2

0~5 Step 1

Default 2

Select the number of the phase fast curve operations. This setting is used to change the number of the phase fast curve operations. The difference between setting [OPERATION] Lockout-PHA and setting [OPERATION] Fast Curve-PHA is the number of remaining phase delay curve operations.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / OPERATIONS / Fast Curve-GND


[OPERATION] Lockout-SEF: Fast Curve-PHA: >Fast Curve-GND:

Range
4 2 2

0~5 Step 1

Default 2

Select a number for the ground fast curve operations. This setting is used to change the number of the ground fast curve operations. The difference between setting [OPERATION] Lockout-GND and setting [OPERATION] Fast Curve-GND is the number of remaining ground delay curve operations.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / OPERATIONS / Fast Curve-NEQ


[OPERATION] Fast Curve-PHA: Fast Curve-GND: >Fast Curve-NEQ:

Range
2 2 2

0~5 Step 1

Default 2

Select a number for the negative sequence fast curve operations. This setting is used to change the number of the negative sequence fast curve operations. The difference between setting [OPERATION] Lockout-NEQ and setting [OPERATION] Fast Curve-NEQ is the number of remaining negative sequence delay curve operations.

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PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / INTERVALS / Reclose 1


[INTERVALS] >Reclose 1: 0.60 Reclose 2: 2.00 Reclose 3: 15.00

Range

0.50 ~ 600.00 sec Step 0.01 sec

Default 0.60

This setting is used to change the first reclose interval time between the first trip operation and the close operation.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / INTERVALS / Reclose 2


[INTERVALS] Reclose 1: 0.60 >Reclose 2: 2.00 Reclose 3: 15.00

Range

1.00 ~ 600.00 sec Step 0.01 sec

Default 2.00

This setting is used to change the first reclose interval time between the first trip operation and the close operation.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / INTERVALS / Reclose 3


[INTERVALS] Reclose 1: 0.60 Reclose 2: 2.00 >Reclose 3: 15.00

Range

1.00 ~ 600.00sec Step 0.01

Default 15.00

This setting is used to change the first reclose interval time between the first trip operation and the close operation.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / INTERVALS / Reclose 4


[INTERVALS] Reclose 2: 2.00 Reclose 3: 15.00 >Reclose 4: 15.00

Range

1.00 ~ 600.00 sec Step 0.01 sec

Default 15.00

This setting is used to change the first reclose interval time between the first trip operation and the close operation.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / INTERVALS / Reset T(AR)


[INTERVALS] Reclose 2: 2.00 Reclose 3: 15.00 >Reset T(AR): 30.00

Range

1.00 ~ 600.00 sec Step 0.01 sec

Default 30.00 Select Reset time for auto reclose.

The Reset time for auto reclose is used for the recloser to automatically reclose. Traditionally, the Reset time for auto reclose setting is used to set time for a delay longer than the incomplete sequence. If any overcurrent elements are picked up, the reset timer is reloaded. Reset timer can only count if all the overcurrent elements are cleared.

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PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / INTERVALS / Reset T(LO)


[INTERVALS] Reclose 3: 15.00 Reset T(AR): 30.00 >Reset T(LO): 10.0

Range

1.00 ~ 600.00 sec Step 0.01 sec

Default 10.00 Select the Reset time for lockout.

The auto reclose logic is disabled for a setting time delay after the recloser is manually/remotely closed. This prevents a fault from manual reclosing. This delay must be longer than the trip time delay for any protection not blocked after manual closing. If no overcurrent trip occurs after a manual close and this timer expires, the auto reclose logic automatically resets. Traditionally, the Reset Time from lockout setting is set shorter than the Reset time for auto reclose setting. PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / INTERVALS / C/P Wait
[INTERVALS] Reset T(AR): 30.00 Reset T(LO): 10.0 >C/P Wait: 60.00

Range

1.00 ~ 600.00 sec Step 0.01 sec

Default 60.00 Select the close power waiting time.

This timer is used to set the close power waiting time delay allowed to reclose. It is activated when the reclose logic is in the reclose cycle state. If this timer expires, the reclose logic is lockouted.

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7.12.1. Lockout
The lockout state occurs under any of the following conditions : y y y y y y After a fault of distribution systems, the RECLOSE ENABLED LED in user interface panel is not lighted(ON). When the high current lockout has occurred. The recloser is manually closed and a fault occurs before the expiration of the reset time. When recloser is manually opened. After TRIP occurs, the fault current is not removed or the reclosers 52a contacts do not change status of the recloser opened. The close power waiting time delay has expired.

The Lockout State is cleared when the recloser has been manually closed by local/remote control and the reset time has expired. The following diagram shows the typical full protection sequence containing 2F2D (two fast and two delay) operations followed by lockout.

AMP
FAULT CURRENT (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)

* LOCK-OUT *
PICKUP CURRENT NORMAL CURRENT

TIME
(1) 1st Trip - 1st TCC (3) 2nd Trip - 2nd TCC (5) 3rd Trip - 3rd TCC (7) 4th Trip - 4th TCC Figure 7-5. Protection sequence containing 2F2D operations followed by lockout (2) 1st Reclose Interval Time (4) 2nd Reclose Interval Time (6) 3rd Reclose Interval Time

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7.12.2. Reset
If the faulted current is cleared before the lockout condition, the reclosing sequence automatically reset after passing the reset time interval. If the fault condition occurs again during the reset time, the recloser will operate lockout after the completion of the remaining sequence. The following block diagram shows the reset sequence operation after the 3rd reclosing as the fault current is cleared.

AMP
FAULT CURRENT (1) (2) (3) (4) (5)
AUTO RESET TIME

* RESET *
PICKUP CURRENT NOMAL CURRENT

TIME

(1) 1st Trip - 1st TCC (3) 2nd Trip - 2nd TCC (5) 3rd Trip - 3rd TCC

(2) 1st Reclose Interval Time (4) 2nd Reclose Interval Time

Figure 7-6. Reset Sequence operation after the 3rd reclosing as the fault current is cleared

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7.13. Cold Load Pickup


The cold load pickup feature is operated to prevent TRIP from the overcurrent elements when an inrush current occurs during the manual closing by local/remote control. The setting values of Cold Load Pickup feature for phase, ground, SEF, negative sequence overcurrent elements can be programmed separately. If cold load pickup feature is activated and the Recloser is closed manually by local/remote control, the overcurrent elements are operated considering the cold load pickup feature. EVRC2A can be programmed to prevent the overcurrent elements and to raise the pickup level of time overcurrent elements when a cold load pickup feature is detected. Under normal operating conditions, the actual load on the distribution system is less than the maximum connected load. When the distribution system is closed after a prolonged outage, the inrush current may be above some overcurrent settings. Such the overcurrent elements are operated due to the fast overcurrent elements are disabled and the delay overcurrent elements and SEF element are activated. If the fault of the distribution system occurs, the overcurrent element is operated due to the cold load pickup feature and the recloser will be lockout after one TRIP. The cold load pickup feature is initiated and overcurrent settings are altered when the recloser is opened for an amount of time greater than the outage time. The cold load pickup feature is immediately activated by asserting the cold load pickup current. The overcurrent settings are returned to normal after any phase current is restored to the nominal load, and then a timer of duration equal to the restore minimum time expires.
Outage Time

Restore Minimum Time

Current

Inrrush Current 1

TRIP
Cold load Pickup Level
Overcurrent Pickup Level
Inrrush Current 2

Time

Figure 7-7. The Restore Minimum Time Characteristic

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The cold load pickup feature will be operated by the following Rules; When The cold load pickup feature is selected for ON and the cold load pickup level for overcurrent elements are preset, The cold load pickup feature is activated by the overcurrent higher than the cold load pickup level that is detected during the manual closing by local/remote control. The cold load pickup feature is activated with the delay time overcurrent curve only when the inrush current higher than the cold load pickup level or the fault current comes into existence. If transient current remains below the cold load pickup level and the restore minimum time expires, CLPU sequence is changed to the normal sequence. At this time, the cold load pickup level is restored to the nominal pickup current. When fault current, the sequence will be lockout after one TRIP. If High Current Lockout feature is enabled and fault current is higher than the High Current Lockout setting, High Current Lockout feature will be operated prior to the cold load pickup feature.

Non Trip Area

Trip Area

Time

Delay Curve

Current
Overcurrent Pickup Level Cold load Pickup Level

Figure 7-8. The Cold Load Pickup Characteristic

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The Cold Load Pickup feature in the following settings should be enabled. PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / COLD LOAD PICKUP / Function
[ COLD LOAD PICKUP ] >Function: TRIP Relays(0-8): OFF PHA(xCT): 2.00

Range

OFF, TRIP, TR&AR Step ~

Default TRIP

If function = OFF, the feature is not operational. If function = Trip, the feature is operational. If function = Trip & AR, the feature is operational. When the feature asserts a TRIP & AR condition, it trips and alarms.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / COLD LOAD PICKUP / Relays(0-8)


[ COLD LOAD PICKUP ] Function: TRIP >Relays(0-8): OFF PHA(xCT): 2.00

Range

OFF, 0 ~ 8 Step 1

Default OFF

Selects the relays required to operate when the feature generates a Trip.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / COLD LOAD PICKUP / PHA(xCT)


[ COLD LOAD PICKUP ] Function: TRIP Relays(0-8): OFF >PHA(xCT): 2.00

Range

0.10 ~ 20.00 Step 0.01

Default 2.00 cold load pickup feature is activated.

Selects the raised pickup level for the phase overcurrent element while

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / COLD LOAD PICKUP / GND(xCT)


[ COLD LOAD PICKUP ] Relays(0-8): OFF PHA(xCT): 2.00 >GND(xCT): 2.00

Range

0.10 ~ 20.00 Step 0.01

Default 2.00

Selects the raised pickup level for the ground overcurrent element while cold load pickup feature is activated.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / COLD LOAD PICKUP / SEF(xCT)


[ COLD LOAD PICKUP ] PHA(xCT): 2.00 GND(xCT): 2.00 >SEF(xCT): 2.00

Range

0.10 ~ 20.00 Step 0.01

Default 2.00 cold load pickup feature is activated.

Selects the raised pickup level for the SEF overcurrent element while

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PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / COLD LOAD PICKUP / NEQ(xCT)


[ COLD LOAD PICKUP ] GND(xCT): 2.00 SEF(xCT): 2.00 >NEQ(xCT): 2.00

Range

0.10 ~ 20.00 Step 0.01

Default 2.00

Selects the raised pickup level for the negative sequence overcurrent element while cold load pickup feature is activated.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / COLD LOAD PICKUP / Outage Time


[ COLD LOAD PICKUP ] SEF(xCT): 2.00 NEQ(xCT): 2.00 >Outage Time: 10.0

Range

0.00 ~ 600.00 sec Step 0.01 sec

Default 10.0 cold.

Select the outage time required for a open of recloser to be considered

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / COLD LOAD PICKUP / RMT Time


[ COLD LOAD PICKUP ] NEQ(xCT): 2.00 Outage Time: 10.0 >RMT Time: 5.00

Range

0.00 ~ 600.00 sec Step 0.01 sec

Default 5.00

Select the restore minimum time required for the inrush load. The Restore Minimum Time have to raised pickup levels for overcurrent detection from cold load pickup value back to nominal pickup level.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / COLD LOAD PICKUP / RMT Func-PHA


[ COLD LOAD PICKUP ] Outage Time: 10.0 RMT Time: 5.00 >RMT Func-PHA: ON

Range

OFF, ON Step ~

Default ON

When the cold load pickup is active and RMT Func-PHA = ON, the raised phase pickup level for phase overcurrent element is restored the nominal pickup level if the restore minimum time expires. If the cold load pickup is active and RMT Func-PHA = OFF, the raised phase pickup level for phase overcurrent element is restored only the nominal pickup level when the cold load reset time expires.

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PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / COLD LOAD PICKUP / RMT Func-GND


[ COLD LOAD PICKUP ] RMT Time: 5.00 RMT Func-PHA: ON >RMT Func-GND: ON

Range

OFF, ON Step ~

Default ON

When the cold load pickup is active and RMT Func-GND = ON, the raised ground pickup level for ground overcurrent element is restored the nominal pickup level if the restore minimum time expires. If the cold load pickup is active and RMT Func-GND = OFF, the raised ground pickup level for ground overcurrent element is restored only the nominal pickup level when the cold load reset time expires.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / COLD LOAD PICKUP / RMT Func-SEF


[ COLD LOAD PICKUP ] RMT Func-PHA: ON RMT Func-GND: ON >RMT Func-SEF: ON

Range

OFF, ON Step ~

Default ON

When the cold load pickup is active and RMT Func-SEF = ON, the raised SEF pickup level for SEF overcurrent element is restored the nominal pickup level if the restore minimum time expires. If the cold load pickup is active and RMT Func-SEF = OFF, the raised SEF pickup level for SEF overcurrent element is restored only the nominal pickup level when the cold load reset time expires.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / COLD LOAD PICKUP / RMT Func-NEQ


[ COLD LOAD PICKUP ] RMT Func-GND: ON RMT Func-SEF: ON >RMT Func-NEQ: ON

Range

OFF, ON Step ~

Default ON

When the cold load pickup is active and RMT Func-NEQ = ON, the raised negative sequence(I2) pickup level for I2 overcurrent element is restored the nominal pickup level if the restore minimum time expires. If the cold load pickup is active and RMT Func-NEQ = OFF, the raised I2 pickup level for I2 overcurrent element is restored only the nominal pickup level when the cold load reset time expires.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / COLD LOAD PICKUP / Reset Time


[ COLD LOAD PICKUP ] RMT Func-SEF: ON RMT Func-NEQ: ON >Reset Time: 0.60

Range

0.00 ~ 600.00 sec Step 0.01 sec

Default 0.60

Select the cold load reset time required for the inrush load. If the cold load currents drops below nominal pickup levels, the cold load pickup feature is returned the normal sequence when the cold load reset time expires.

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RECLOSER CONTROL EVRC2A

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7.14. Sequence Coordination


When several Reclosers are connected in series to protect distribution systems, EVRC2A contains Sequence Coordination feature which can prevent the simultaneous trip operations in both of Backup and Down-line Reclosers due to phase/ground fault. Sequence Coordination feature is activated only if one out of several Down-line Reclosers connected to one Back-up Recloser detects a fault current. The following rules should be kept to activate Sequence Coordination feature. 1) The same characteristics of fast and delay operations in the total number of the trip operations and identical basic Time Current Curves should be set for all Reclosers connected in series. 2) The identical reclose interval time should be set for all Reclosers in series. 3) To coordinate the protection characteristics, an additional delay operation time (at least 100 ms) should be applied to the Time Current Curve characteristics of Back-up Recloser, not to those of Down-line Reclosers. 4) The reset time of Back-up Recloser should be set longer than any reclose interval time of all Down-line Reclosers. This setting will prevent the reset operation of Back-up Recloser during the reclose operation of Down-lines. The Sequence Coordination feature should be enabled to the following settings. PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / OTHER ELEMENT / Seq' Coordi'
[ OTHER ELEMENT ] >Seq Coordi: OFF L.O Priority: GND F/I Reset: AUTO

Range

OFF, ON Step ~

Default OFF

If function = OFF, the feature is not operational. If function = ON, the feature is operational.

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As shown in Figure 7-9. Sequence Coordination Operation Block Diagram, if Sequence Coordination feature at Back-up Recloser is enabled and a phase/ground fault occurs in distribution systems, the Back-up Recloser operates timing counter by overcurrent elements. During the count at the Back-up Recloser, if the distribution system is restored to normal by TRIP with Down-line Recloser , the number of the trip operations of Back-up Recloser is increased one step. Back-up Recloser performs trip operation instead of activating Sequence Coordination feature at the last sequence of the full sequence. If Auto Reclose switch is set to one TRIP, Sequence Coordination function can not be operated.

Increase Trip Counter without Trip

Starting Reset Time Counter Close Back Up EVR 1 Open

Down line

EVR 2

Close Lockout Status Open Time

Faulted

Figure 7-9. Sequence Coordination Operation Block Diagram

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7.15. Time Overcurrent Curves


The EVRC2A is equipped Standard ANSI/IEEE curves, IEC curves, ESB curves , user-defined curves and all 37 non standard recloser curves are available. A Configuration setting determines whether elements set to use ANSI/IEEE curves, IEC curves, ESB curves, user-defined curves reset instantaneously, or corresponding with electromechanical. The operation times and reset times refer to ANSI/IEEE C37.112 and IEC 255-3. The operation times and reset times are defined as follows : ANSI/IEEE Trip Time(Sec) = TD ( / (M-1) + ) IEC Trip Time(Sec) = TD ( / (M-1)) ESB Trip Time(Sec) = TD ( / (M-1) + ) USER-DEFINED Trip Time(Sec) = TD ( / (M-1) + ) Reset Time(Sec) = TD (Rt / (1-M2)) Table 7-2. Curve Factor TD , , M Rt Time dial Characteristic constant Multiples of pickup current Reset characteristic constant

Recloser clearing time curves are used when rated voltage of recloser is 15 or 27, otherwise which added 30(4) are used when it is 38.

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Related Setting Menu 1) USER CURVE 1 PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / USER CURVE SET / USER CURVE 1 / Factor a
[USER CURVE 1] >Factor a: 59.5000 Factor b: 2.0000 Factor r: 1.8000

Range

0.0000 ~ 150.9999 Step 0.0001

Default 59.5000 User defined curve factor

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / USER CURVE SET / USER CURVE 1 / Factor b


[USER CURVE 1] Factor a: 59.5000 >Factor b: 2.0000 Factor r: 1.8000

Range

0.0200 ~ 150.9999 Step 0.0001

Default 2.0000 User defined curve factor

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / USER CURVE SET / USER CURVE 1 / Factor r


[USER CURVE 1] Factor a: 59.5000 Factor b: 2.0000 >Factor r: 1.8000

Range

0.0000 ~ 150.9999 Step 0.0001

Default 1.8000 User defined curve factor

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / USER CURVE SET / USER CURVE 1 / Factor rt


[USER CURVE 1] Factor b: 2.0000 Factor r: 1.8000 >Factor rt: 59.5000

Range

0.0000 ~ 150.9999 Step 0.0001

Default 59.5000 User defined curve factor rt

2) USER CURVE 2, 3, 4 : USER CURVE 2 ~ 4, the same as USER CURVE 1 above

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Standard Curve Coefficients Table 7-3. ANSI/IEEE Curves Moderately Inverse Normally Inverse Very Inverse Extremely Inverse Short Time Inverse Short Time Very Inverse 0.0107 5.9500 3.985 5.9100 3.56e-3 1.9925 0.020 2.000 2.000 2.000 0.02 2.000 0.0231 0.18 0.095 0.0345 1.95e-2 0.0475 Rt 1.0700 5.9500 3.985 5.9100 0.356 1.992

Table 7-4. IEC Curves Standard Inverse Very Inverse Extremely Inverse Long Time Inverse Short Time Inverse 0.1400 13.500 80.000 135.000 0.0500 0.0200 1.000 2.000 1.000 0.0400 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Rt 9.700 13.500 80.000 135.00 0.500

Table 7-5. ESB Curves Standard Inverse Very Inverse Long Time Very Inverse 0.011 3.985 15.94 0.02 1.95 1.95 0.042 0.1084 0.4336 Rt 9.000 3.985 15.94

Table 7-6. User Defined Curves User1 User2 User3 User4 59.5000 39.8500 59.1000 5.6700 2.0000 2.0000 2.0000 2.0000 1.8000 0.9500 0.3450 0.0352 Rt 59.5000 39.8500 59.1000 5.6700

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Table 7-7. Definite Time Curves Definite Time 1sec Definite Time 10sec 0.0 0.0 1.0 10.0 Rt 1.0 10.0

Table 7-8. Non Standard Curves McGraw-Edison recloser curves Phase Old A B C D E F H J KP L M N P R T V W Y Z New 101 117 133 116 132 163 122 164 162 107 118 104 115 105 161 137 138 120 134 Old 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 8* 9 11 13 14 15 16 17 18 KG Ground New 102 135 140 106 114 136 152 113 111 131 141 142 119 112 139 103 151 165 -

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1) ANSI/IEEE Moderately Inverse Curves

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RECLOSER CLEARING TIME CURVE : ANSI MODERATELY INVERSE CURVES ARE AVERAGE CLEARING TIME VARIATIONS 5% OR 0.01 SECONDS

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15.00 13.00 11.00 9.00 7.00

TIME(SECONDS)

1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4

5.00 4.00 3.00

2.00
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Figure 7-10. ANSI/IEEE Moderately Inverse Curves

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2) ANSI/IEEE Normally Inverse Curves

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RECLOSER CLEARING TIME CURVE : ANSI NORMALLY INVERSE CURVES ARE AVERAGE CLEARING TIME VARIATIONS 5% OR 0.01 SECONDS

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15.00 13.00 11.00 9.00 7.00

TIME(SECONDS)

1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3

5.00 4.00 3.00

2.00

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Figure 7-11. ANSI/IEEE Normally Inverse Curves

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3) ANSI/IEEE Very Inverse Curves

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RECLOSER CLEARING TIME CURVE : ANSI VERY INVERSE CURVES ARE AVERAGE CLEARING TIME VARIATIONS 5% OR 0.01 SECONDS

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10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3

TIME(SECONDS)

15.00 13.00
1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3

11.00 9.00 7.00 5.00 4.00 3.00 2.00

0.2

0.1 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.03

1.00

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Figure 7-12. ANSI/IEEE Very Inverse Curves

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4) ANSI/IEEE Extremely Inverse Curves

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8k 9k 10k 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.03 0.02 0.01 8k 9k 10k

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RECLOSER CLEARING TIME CURVE : ANSI EXTREMELY INVERSE CURVES ARE AVERAGE CLEARING TIME VARIATIONS 5% OR 0.01 SECONDS

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10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3

TIME(SECONDS)

1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3

15.00 13.00 11.00 9.00 7.00 5.00 4.00 3.00

0.2

0.1 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.03

2.00

1.00

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Figure 7-13. ANSI/IEEE Extremely Inverse Curves

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5) ANSI/IEEE Short Time Inverse Curves

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8k 9k 10k 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.03 0.02 0.01 8k 9k 10k

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RECLOSER CLEARING TIME CURVE : ANSI SHORT TIME INVERSE CURVES ARE AVERAGE CLEARING TIME VARIATIONS 5% OR 0.01 SECONDS

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10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3

TIME(SECONDS)

1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4

15.00 13.00 11.00 9.00 7.00 5.00

0.3

4.00 3.00

0.2

2.00
0.1 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.06 0.05 0.04

1.00

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Figure 7-14. ANSI/IEEE Short Time Inverse Curves

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6) ANSI/IEEE Short Time Very Inverse Curves

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RECLOSER CLEARING TIME CURVE : ANSI SHOTR TIME VERY INVERSE CURVES ARE AVERAGE CLEARING TIME VARIATIONS 5% OR 0.01 SECONDS

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TIME(SECONDS)

1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3

15.00 13.00 11.00 9.00 7.00 5.00

0.2

4.00 3.00

0.1 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.03

2.00

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Figure 7-15. ANSI/IEEE Short Time Very Inverse Curves

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7) IEC Standard Inverse Curves

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RECLOSER CLEARING TIME CURVE : IEC STANDARD INVERSE CURVES ARE AVERAGE CLEARING TIME VARIATIONS 5% OR 0.01 SECONDS

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1 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3

TIME(SECONDS)

1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3

0.2

0.2

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Figure 7-16. IEC Standard Inverse Curves

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8) IEC Very Inverse Curves

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RECLOSER CLEARING TIME CURVE : IEC VERY INVERSE CURVES ARE AVERAGE CLEARING TIME VARIATIONS 5% OR 0.01 SECONDS

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TIME(SECONDS)

1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3

1.00 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3

0.2

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0.2

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Figure 7-17. IEC Very Inverse Curves

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9) IEC Extremely Inverse Curves

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RECLOSER CLEARING TIME CURVE : IEC EXTREMELY INVERSE CURVES ARE AVERAGE CLEARING TIME VARIATIONS 5% OR 0.01 SECONDS

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TIME(SECONDS)

1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3

0.2

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1.00 0. 8 0. 7 0.6 0.5 0. 4 0.3

0.02

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Figure 7-18. IEC Extremely Inverse Curves

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10) IEC Long Time Inverse Curves

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RECLOSER CLEARING TIME CURVE : IEC LONG TIME VERY INVERSE CURVES ARE AVERAGE CLEARING TIME VARIATIONS 5% OR 0.01 SECONDS

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1.00 0.8 0. 7 0. 6 0. 5

TIME(SECONDS)

0. 4 0. 3
1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5

0.2

0.1
0.4 0.3

0.05
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Figure 7-19. IEC Long Time Inverse Curves

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11) IEC Short Time Inverse Curves

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RECLOSER CLEARING TIME CURVE : IEC SHORT TIME INVERSE CURVES ARE AVERAGE CLEARING TIME VARIATIONS 5% OR 0.01 SECONDS

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TIME(SECONDS)

1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3

1.00 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4

0.2

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0.3

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Figure 7-20. IEC Short Time Inverse Curves

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12) ESB Inverse Curves

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RECLOSER CLEARING TIME CURVE : ESB INVERSE CURVES ARE AVERAGE CLEARING TIME VARIATIONS 5% OR 0.01 SECONDS

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15.00 13.00 11.00 9.00 7.00

TIME(SECONDS)

1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3

5.00 4.00 3.00

2.00

0.2

1.00

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Figure 7-21. ESB Inverse Curves

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13) ESB Very Inverse Curves

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RECLOSER CLEARING TIME CURVE : ESB VERY INVERSE CURVES ARE AVERAGE CLEARING TIME VARIATIONS 5% 0.01 SECONDS

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TIME(SECONDS)

15.00 13.00 11.00


1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5

9.00 7.00 5.00 4.00

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3.00
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Figure 7-22. ESB Very Inverse Curves

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14) ESB Long Time Very Inverse Curves

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8k 9k 10k 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.03 0.02 0.01 8k 9k 10k

3k

4k

5k

6k 6k

RECLOSER CLEARING TIME CURVE : ESB LONG TIME VERY INVERSE CURVES ARE AVERAGE CLEARING TIME VARIATIONS 5% OR 0.01 SECONDS

20

10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3

15.00 13.00 11.00 9.00 7.00 5.00

TIME(SECONDS)

4.00 3.00
1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5

2.00

1.00
0.4 0.3

0.50
0.2

0.1 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.03

0.02

0.01 800 900 1k 2k 3k 4k 5k 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 7k

PERCENTAGE OF PICKUP CURRENT

Figure 7-23. ESB Long Time Very Inverse Curves

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15) Definite Time Curves (D1, D2)

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8k 9k 10k 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.03 0.02 0.01 8k 9k 10k

3k

2k

4k

5k

6k 6k

RECLOSER CLEARING TIME CURVE : D1, D2 CURVES ARE AVERAGE CLEARING TIME VARIATIONS 5% OR 0.01 SECONDS

20

10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3

D2

TIME(SECONDS)

1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3

D1

0.2

0.1 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.03

0.02

0.01 200 400 500 600 700 800 900 1k 4k 2k 3k 5k 7k

100

300

PERCENTAGE OF PICKUP CURRENT

Figure 7-24. Definite Time Curves (D1, D2)

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16) Non Standard Curves (A, B, C, D, E)

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8k 9k 10k 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.03 0.02 0.01 8k 9k 10k

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4k

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6k 6k

RECLOSER CLEARING TIME CURVE : A, B, C, D, E CURVES ARE AVERAGE CLEARING TIME VARIATIONS 5% OR 0.01 SECONDS

20

10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3

TIME(SECONDS)

1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3

0.2

0.1 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.06 0.05

C B E

D A

0.04 0.03

0.02

0.01 800 900 1k 2k 3k 4k 5k 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 7k

PERCENTAGE OF PICKUP CURRENT

Figure 7-25. Non Standard Curves (A, B, C, D, E)

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17) Non Standard Curves (KP, L, M, N)

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9k 10k 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.03 0.02 0.01

RECLOSER CLEARING TIME CURVE : KP, L, M, N CURVES ARE AVERAGE CLEARING TIME VARIATIONS 5% OR 0.01 SECONDS

20

10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3

TIME(SECONDS)

1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3

0.2

KP
0.1 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.03

L M N

0.02

0.01 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1k 8k 9k 10k

2k

3k

4k

5k

6k

PERCENTAGE OF PICKUP CURRENT

Figure 7-26. Non Standard Curves (KP, L, M, N)

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18) Non Standard Curves (P, R, T, V)

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8k 9k 10k 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.03 0.02 0.01 8k 9k 10k

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RECLOSER CLEARING TIME CURVE : P, R, T, V CURVES ARE AVERAGE CLEARING TIME VARIATIONS 5% OR 0.01 SECONDS

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10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3

TIME(SECONDS)

1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3

0.2

0.1 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.03

R P

0.02

0.01 2k 4k 5k 7k

100

200

300

400

500

600

700

800 900 1k

PERCENTAGE OF PICKUP CURRENT

Figure 7-27. Non Standard Curves (P, R, T, V)

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19) Non Standard Curves (W, Y, Z)

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8k 9k 10k 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.03 0.02 0.01 8k 9k 10k

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6k 6k

RECLOSER CLEARING TIME CURVE : W, Y, Z CURVES ARE AVERAGE CLEARING TIME VARIATIONS 5% OR 0.01 SECONDS

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10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3

TIME(SECONDS)

1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5

Z
0.4 0.3

W
0.2

0.1 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.03

0.02

0.01 200 400 500 600 700 800 900 1k 4k 2k 3k 5k 7k

100

300

PERCENTAGE OF PICKUP CURRENT

Figure 7-28. Non Standard Curves (W, Y, Z)

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20) Non Standard Curves (1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

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800 900 1k

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8k 9k 10k 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.03 0.02 0.01 8k 9k 10k

2k

3k

4k

6k 6k

RECLOSER CLEARING TIME CURVE : 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 CURVES ARE AVERAGE CLEARING TIME VARIATIONS 5% OR 0.01 SECONDS

20

10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3

TIME(SECONDS)

1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3

0.2

5
0.1 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.03

4 1

0.02

0.01 800 900 1k 2k 3k 4k 5k 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 7k

PERCENTAGE OF PICKUP CURRENT

Figure 7-29. Non Standard Curves (1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

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21) Non Standard Curves (6, 7, 8, 8*, 9)

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600

700

500

800

400

900 1k

100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30

8k 9k 10k 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.03 0.02 0.01 8k 9k 10k

2k

3k

4k

5k

6k 6k

RECLOSER CLEARING TIME CURVE : 6, 7, 8, 8*, 9 CURVES ARE AVERAGE CLEARING TIME VARIATIONS 5% OR 0.01 SECONDS
7

20

10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3

TIME(SECONDS)

1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3

0.2

0.1 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.06 0.05

8* 6

0.04 0.03

0.02

0.01 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1k 7k

2k

3k

4k

PERCENTAGE OF PICKUP CURRENT

Figure 7-30. Non Standard Curves (6, 7, 8, 8*, 9)

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RECLOSER CONTROL EVRC2A

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22) Non Standard Curves (11, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18)

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200

300

400

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700

800 900 1k

500

100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30

8k 9k 10k 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.03 0.02 0.01 8k 9k 10k

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4k

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6k 6k

RECLOSER CLEARING TIME CURVE : 11, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18 CURVES ARE AVERAGE CLEARING TIME VARIATIONS 5% OR 0.01 SECONDS

20

10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3

11

TIME(SECONDS)

1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3

18 14

0.2

13
0.1 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.03

17

16

15

0.02

0.01 800 900 1k 2k 3k 4k 5k 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 7k

PERCENTAGE OF PICKUP CURRENT

Figure 7-31. Non Standard Curves (11, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18)

ENHANCED TECHNOLOGY

7k

2k

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23) Non Standard Curves (F, H, J, KG)

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400

600

700

800 900 1k

500

100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30

8k 9k 10k 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.03 0.02 0.01 8k 9k 10k

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6k 6k

RECLOSER CLEARING TIME CURVE : F, H, J, KG CURVES ARE AVERAGE CLEARING TIME VARIATIONS 5% OR 0.01 SECONDS

20

10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3

TIME(SECONDS)

1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3

0.2

0.1 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.03

J KG

0.02

0.01 800 900 1k 2k 3k 4k 5k 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 7k

PERCENTAGE OF PICKUP CURRENT

Figure 7-32. Non Standard Curves (F, H, J, KG)

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2k

RECLOSER CONTROL EVRC2A

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7.16. Undervoltage (27)


Two undervoltage elements are provided for trip, alarm and control when the voltage drops below a specified voltage for a specified time. The undervoltage element can be ON or OFF in the Primary, Alternate settings. The undervoltage element can be selected the type of operation required with any one phase, any two phase and three phase. The undervoltage element can be used to supervise that torque control other overcurrent protective elements. When the circuit breaker is closed by a local/remote controls, the undervoltage element is disabled from detecting for the cold load pickup during periods. To increase security, all undervoltage elements add two power frequency cycle of intentional delay to prevent incorrect operation. The undervoltage 1 should be enabled to the following settings. PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / VOLTAGE / UNDER VOLTAGE 1 / Function
[UNDER VOLTAGE 1] >Function: OFF Relays(0-8): OFF Pickup(xVT): 0.70

Range

OFF, TRIP, TR&AR Step ~

Default OFF

If function = OFF, the feature is not operational. If function = Trip, the feature is operational. If function = Trip & AR, the feature is operational. When the feature asserts a TRIP & AR condition, it trips and alarms.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / VOLTAGE / UNDER VOLTAGE 1 / Relays(0-8)


[UNDER VOLTAGE 1] Function: OFF >Relays(0-8): OFF Pickup(xVT): 0.70

Range

OFF, 0 ~ 8 Step 1

Default OFF

Selects the relays required to operate when the feature generates a Trip.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / VOLTAGE / UNDER VOLTAGE 1 / Pickup(xVT)


[UNDER VOLTAGE 1] Function: OFF Relays(0-8): OFF >Pickup(xVT): 0.70

Range

0.00 ~ 1.25 VT(secondary nominal voltage) Step 0.01

Default 0.70

Enter the pickup value as a fraction of the secondary nominal voltage. For example, if the secondary nominal voltage is 100V, and an alarm is required whenever the voltage goes below 70V, enter(70/100) = 0.70 VT for the pickup.

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PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / VOLTAGE / UNDER VOLTAGE 1 / Time Delay


[UNDER VOLTAGE 1] Relays(0-8): OFF Pickup(xVT): 0.70 >Time Delay : 5.00

Range

0.00 ~ 600.00 sec Step 0.01 sec

Default 5.00 Select the definite time delay.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / VOLTAGE / UNDER VOLTAGE 1 / Min. V(xVT)


[UNDER VOLTAGE Pickup(xVT): Time Delay : >Min. V(xVT): 1] 0.70 5.00 0.10

Range

0.00 ~ 1.25 VT(secondary nominal voltage) Step 0.01

Default 0.10

Enter the minimum voltage for the undervoltage. Used to prevent the undervoltage 1 element for voltage below this level. Setting to 0.10 xVT will allow a dead line to be considered a trip condition.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / VOLTAGE / UNDER VOLTAGE 1 / Pickup Type


[UNDER VOLTAGE 1] Time Delay : 5.00 Min. V(xVT): 0.10 >Pickup Type: 1P

Range

1P, 2P, 3P Step ~

Default 1P

Select the type of phase required for operation.

The undervoltage 2 settings process a very similar method to the undervoltage 1.

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7.17. Overvoltage (59)


Two overvoltage elements are provided for trip, alarm and control when the voltage rises above a specified voltage for a specified time. The overvoltage element can be ON or OFF in the Primary, Alternate settings . The overvoltage element can be selected the type of operation required with any one phase, any two phase and three phase. When the circuit breaker is closed by a local/remote controls, the overvoltage element is disabled from detecting for the cold load pickup during periods. To increase security, all overvoltage elements add two power frequency cycle of intentional delay to prevent incorrect operation. The overvoltage 1 should be enabled to the following settings. PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / VOLTAGE / OVER VOLTAGE 1 / Function
[OVER VOLTAGE 1] >Function: OFF Relays(0-8): OFF Pickup(xVT): 1.20

Range

OFF, TRIP, TR&AR Step ~

Default OFF

If function = OFF, the feature is not operational. If function = Trip, the feature is operational. If function = Trip & AR, the feature is operational. When the feature asserts a TRIP & AR condition, it trips and alarms.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / VOLTAGE / OVER VOLTAGE 1 / Relays(0-8)


[OVER VOLTAGE 1] Function: OFF >Relays(0-8): OFF Pickup(xVT): 1.20

Range

OFF, 0 ~ 8 Step 1

Default OFF

Selects the relays required to operate when the feature generates a Trip.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / VOLTAGE / OVER VOLTAGE 1 / Pickup(xVT)


[OVER VOLTAGE 1] Function: OFF Relays(0-8): OFF >Pickup(xVT): 1.20

Range

0.00 ~ 1.25 xVT Step 0.01

Default 1.20

Enter the pickup value as a fraction of the secondary nominal voltage. For example, if the secondary nominal voltage is 100 V, and an alarm is required whenever the voltage exceeds 120 V, enter 120 / 100 = 1.20 for the pickup.

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PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / VOLTAGE / OVER VOLTAGE 1 / Time Delay


[OVER VOLTAGE 1] Relays(0-8): OFF Pickup(xVT): 1.20 >Time Delay : 5.00

Range

0.00 ~ 600.00 sec Step 0.01 sec

Default 5.00 Select the definite time delay.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / VOLTAGE / OVER VOLTAGE 1 / Pickup Type


[OVER VOLTAGE 1] Pickup(xVT): 1.20 Time Delay : 5.00 >Pickup Type: 1P

Range

1P, 2P, 3P Step ~

Default 1P

Select the type of phase required for operation.

The overvoltage 2 settings process a very similar method to the overvoltage 1.

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7.18. Underfrequency Load Shedding (81)


Underfrequency load shedding element is provided for trip, alarm and control when the voltage rises above a specified voltage setting for a specified time delay. The underfrequency load shedding element can be ON or OFF in the Primary, Alternate settings. The power system frequency is measured from the zero crossing on the VA-N voltage input for Wye connected VTs and VA-B voltage for Delta connected VTs. The underfrequency load shedding element is activated to trip when the distribution system frequency drops below a specified frequency pickup for a specified time. The underfrequency minimum voltage and underfrequency minimum current are used to prevent incorrect operation when the recloser is closed by a local/remote control and the underfrequency load shedding is disabled from tripping for cold load pickup during periods. The underfrequency load shedding element should be enabled to the following settings. PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / FREQUENCY / UNDER FREQUENCY/ Function
[UNDER FREQUENCY] >Function: OFF Relays(0-8): OFF Pickup(Hz): 55.00

Range

OFF, TRIP, TR&AR Step ~

Default OFF

If function = OFF, the feature is not operational. If function = Trip, the feature is operational. If function = Trip & AR, the feature is operational. When the feature asserts a TRIP & AR condition, it trips and alarms.

PRIMARY SETTING/PROTECTION/FREQUENCY / UNDER FREQUENCY/ Relays(0-8)


[UNDER FREQUENCY] Function: OFF >Relays(0-8): OFF Pickup(Hz): 55.00

Range

OFF, 0 ~ 8 Step 1

Default OFF

Selects the relays required to operate when the feature generates a Trip.

PRIMARY SETTING/PROTECTION/FREQUENCY/UNDER FREQUENCY / Pickup(Hz)


[UNDER FREQUENCY] Function: OFF Relays(0-8): OFF >Pickup(Hz): 55.00

Range

40.00 ~ 65.00 Hz Step 0.01 Hz

Default 55.00

Enter the level of which the underfrequency element is to pickup. For example, if the system frequency is 60, and load shedding is required at 55.00, enter 55.00 for this setting.

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PRIMARY SETTING/PROTECTION/FREQUENCY/UNDER FREQUENCY/ Time Delay


[UNDER FREQUENCY] Relays(0-8): OFF Pickup(Hz): 55.00 >Time Delay: 2.00

Range

0.00 ~ 600.00 sec Step 0.01 sec

Default 2.00 Select the definite time delay.

PRIMARY SETTING/PROTECTION/FREQUENCY/UNDER FREQUENCY/Min. V(xVT)


[UNDER FREQUENCY] Pickup(Hz): 55.00 Time Delay: 2.00 >Min. V(xVT): 0.10

Range

0.00 ~ 1.25 Step 0.01

Default 0.10 element to Operate.

Enter the minimum voltage required to allow the underfrequency

PRIMARY SETTING/PROTECTION/FREQUENCY/UNDER FREQUENCY/ Min. I(xCT)


[UNDER FREQUENCY] Time Delay: 2.00 Min. V(xVT): 0.10 >Min. I(xCT): 0.01

Range

0.00 ~ 3.20 Step 0.01

Default 0.01 underfrequency element to operate.

Enter the minimum value of current required for any phase to allow the

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7.19. Other Element


PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / OTHER ELEMENT / Seq Coordi
[OTHER ELEMENT] >Seq Coordi: OFF L.O Priority: GND F/I Reset: AUTO

Range

OFF, ON Step ~

Default OFF

Sequence coordination offers the function of preventing unnecessary operation of the backup recloser when two more reclosers are connected in series. If function = OFF, the feature is not operational. If function = ON, the feature is operational.

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / OTHER ELEMENT / L.O Priority


[OTHER ELEMENT] Seq Coordi: OFF >L.O Priority: GND F/I Reset: AUTO

Range

PHA, GND Step ~

Default GND Lockout priority PHA : Phase prior GND : Ground prior

PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / OTHER ELEMENT / F/I Reset


[OTHER ELEMENT] Seq Coordi: OFF L.O Priority: GND >F/I Reset: AUTO

Range

AUTO, MANUAL Step ~

Default AUTO Faulted Indicator reset method

AUTO : Reset shall be performed by pressing [FI RESET] button or shall be performed automatically after High Voltage line becomes normal. MANUAL : It shall be reset by pressing [FI RESET] button. PRIMARY SETTING / PROTECTION / OTHER ELEMENT / D/T M-Close
[OTHER ELEMENT] L.O Priority: GND F/I Reset: AUTO >D/T M-Close: 0.00

Range

0.00 ~ 600.00 sec Step 0.01 sec

Default 0.00 Time delay for manual close

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7.20. Synchronism Check (25)


EVRC2A provides the manual close for the synchronism check element that synchronism voltages are within the programmed differentials of voltage magnitude, phase angle position, and frequency. If this feature is enabled, the synchronism check will be performed before local/remote close with the exception of automatic reclose for fault. When either or both of the synchronism check voltages are de-energized, the synchronism check can allow for local/remote close. If EVRC2A is the type of CVD, the synchronism check voltage input VL is connected to load side(VR phase) in recloser. The other synchronizing phase can be connected for phase-neutral voltage Vr, Vs or Vt; for phase-phase voltages Vab or Vcb. on load side in recloser. The synchronism check element in the following settings should be enabled. PRIMARY SETTING / MONITORING / SYNCHROCHECK / Function
[SYNCHROCHECK] >Function: OFF Relays(0-8): OFF D.V.Max(xVT): 0.50

Range

OFF, ALARM Step ~

Default OFF

If function = OFF, the feature is not operational. If function = ALARM, the feature is operational.

PRIMARY SETTING / MONITORING / SYNCHROCHECK / Relays(0-8)


[SYNCHROCHECK] Function: OFF >Relays(0-8): OFF D.V.Max(xVT): 0.50

Range

OFF, 0 ~ 8 Step 1

Default OFF Alarm.

Selects the relays required to operate when the feature generates an

PRIMARY SETTING / MONITORING / SYNCHROCHECK / D.V.Max(xVT)


[SYNCHROCHECK] Function: OFF Relays(0-8): OFF >D.V.Max(xVT): 0.50

Range

0.00 ~ 1.25 Step 0.01

Default 0.50

Enter the dead line maximum voltage for synchronism check. Used to Prevent the synchronism check element for voltage below this level.

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PRIMARY SETTING / MONITORING / SYNCHROCHECK / L.V.Min(xVT)


[SYNCHROCHECK] Relays(0-8): OFF D.V.Max(xVT): 0.50 >L.V.Min(xVT): 0.85

Range

0.00 ~ 1.25 Step 0.01

Default 0.85

Enter the live line minimum voltage for synchronism check. Used to activate the synchronism check element for voltage over this level.

PRIMARY SETTING / MONITORING / SYNCHROCHECK / M.V.D(V)


[SYNCHROCHECK] D.V.Max(xVT): 0.50 L.V.Min(xVT): 0.85 >M.V.D(V): 0.10

Range

0.00 ~ 1.25 Step 0.01

Default 0.10

Enter the maximum voltage difference of the synchronism voltages. A voltage magnitude differential of the two input voltages below this value is within the permissible limit for synchronism.

PRIMARY SETTING / MONITORING / SYNCHROCHECK / M.A.D(Deg)


[SYNCHROCHECK] L.V.Min(xVT): 0.85 M.V.D(V): 0.10 >M.A.D(Deg): 15

Range

0 ~ 100 deg Step 1 deg

Default 15

Enter the maximum angle difference of the synchronism voltages. An angular differential between the synchronism voltage angles below this value is within the permissible limit for synchronism.

PRIMARY SETTING / MONITORING / SYNCHROCHECK / M.F.D(Hz)


[SYNCHROCHECK] M.V.D(V): 0.10 M.A.D(Deg): 15 >M.F.D(Hz): 2.00

Range

0.00 ~ 5.00 Hz Step 0.01 Hz

Default 2.00

Enter the maximum frequency difference of the synchronism voltages. A frequency differential between the synchronism voltages below this value is within the permissible limit for synchronism.

PRIMARY SETTING / MONITORING / SYNCHROCHECK / Sync Phase


[SYNCHROCHECK] M.A.D(Deg): 15 M.F.D(Hz): 2.00 >Sync Phase: R(AB)

Range

R(AB), S(CB), T Step ~

Default R(AB)

Select the synchronism check phase on load side.

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7.21. Fault Locator


The fault locator calculates the distance to the fault. When fault occurs the magnitude and the phase of voltage and current are varied, and then fault type(phase to ground, (phase to phase to ground), phase to phase, three phase) can be determined by the analysis of these variations, and fault distance can be calculated by the estimation of the apparent impedance. This calculation is based on the assumptions that the feeder positive and zero sequence impedance are a constant per unit distance and fault impedance is composed of pure resistance. In calculating, errors could be introduced by several reasons(fault resistance etc.), the major error due to fault resistance can be reduced by comparing the prefault current and voltage to the fault current and voltage. For more accurate calculation, the prefault data is required at least 2 cycles, and the after fault data is required at least 2 cycles. If the line impedance per unit and total length were known, the fault distance can be easily achieved, but source impedance is not required. Fault data may not be accurate for a close-into-fault condition where there is no prefault power flow. In case of closing, during a reclose sequence, the apparent distance of the first fault is very useful. The algorithm for the fault locator is most applicable to a radial three-phase feeder. Faulted distribution system is considered as following simplified Figure 7-33. Faulted distribution system circuit for example.

mZ

(1-m)Z

IA IF VA RF
L O A D

Figure 7-33. Faulted distribution system circuit

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The fault locator settings are as follows : PRIMARY SETTING / MONITORING / FAULT LOCATOR \ Function
[FAULT LOCATOR] >Function : OFF Length(km) : 50.0 Z1(RES) : 10.0

Range

OFF, ON Step ~

Default OFF

If function = OFF, the feature is not operational. If function = ON, the feature is operational.

PRIMARY SETTING / MONITORING / FAULT LOCATOR \ Feeder Length


[FAULT LOCATOR] Function : OFF >Length(km) : 50.0 Z1(RES) : 10.0

Range

1.0-99.9 km Step 0.1 km

Default 50.0

Enter the total length of the feeder in kilometers

PRIMARY SETTING / MONITORING / FAULT LOCATOR \ Z1-Resistive


[FAULT LOCATOR] Function : OFF Length(km) : 50.0 >Z1(RES) : 10.0

Range

0.1-6000.0 Step 0.1

Default 10.0 impedance, in actual ohms.

Enter the total real components of the feeder positive sequence

PRIMARY SETTING / MONITORING / FAULT LOCATOR \ Z1-Inductive


[FAULT LOCATOR] Length(km) : 50 Z1(RES) : 10.0 >Z1(IND) : 10.0

Range

0.1-6000.0 Step 0.1

Default 10.0 impedance, in actual ohms.

Enter the total imaginary components of the feeder positive sequence

PRIMARY SETTING / MONITORING / FAULT LOCATOR \ Z0-Resistive


[FAULT Z1(RES) Z1(IND) >Z0(RES) LOCATOR] : 10.0 : 10.0 : 10.0

Range

0.1-6000.0 Step 0.1

Default 10.0 in actual ohms.

Enter the total real components of the feeder zero sequence impedance,

PRIMARY SETTING / MONITORING / FAULT LOCATOR \ Z0-Inductive


[FAULT Z1(IND) Z0(RES) >Z0(IND) LOCATOR] : 10.0 : 10.0 : 10.0

Range

0.1-6000.0 Step 0.1

Default 10.0 impedance, in actual ohms.

Enter the total imaginary components of the feeder zero sequence

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8. METERING
The following values are contained in the metering elements of EVRC2A. y y y y y y y y Current Voltage Frequency Synchronism Voltage Power Energy Demand System.

8.1. Metering Elements


8.1.1. Current
The following values are contained in the current metering. IA : Displays the measured phase A RMS current and phasor (A, deg) IB : Displays the measured phase B RMS current and phasor (A, deg) IC : Displays the measured phase C RMS current and phasor (A, deg) IG : Displays the measured ground RMS current and phasor (A, deg) ISG : Displays the measured sensitive earth RMS current and phasor (A, deg) I1 : Displays the calculated positive sequence RMS current and phasor (A, deg) I2 : Displays the calculated negative sequence RMS current and phasor (A, deg) I0 : Displays the calculated zero sequence RMS current and phasor (A, deg) You can confirm in MAIN MENU / METERING / CURRENT MAIN MENU / METERING / CURRENT
[PHASE 0 [PHASE 0 A A B A CURRENT] 000.0 Lag CURRENT] 000.0 Lag

Phase A and B Current metering Display Use [] [] keys to move to next value.

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8.1.2. Voltage
The following values are contained in the voltage metering. VA-N : Displays the measured A-N RMS voltage and phasor(, deg) VB-N : Displays the measured B-N RMS voltage and phasor(, deg) VC-N : Displays the measured C-N RMS voltage and phasor(, deg) VA-B : Displays the measured A-B RMS voltage and phasor(, deg) VB-C : Displays the measured B-C RMS voltage and phasor(, deg) VC-A : Displays the measured C-A RMS voltage and phasor(, deg) VAP : Displays the calculated average of the RMS phase voltage() VAL : Displays the calculated average of the RMS line voltage() V1 : Displays the calculated positive sequence RMS voltage and phasor(, deg) V2 : Displays the calculated negative sequence RMS voltage and phasor(, deg) V0 : Displays the calculated zero sequence RMS voltage and phasor (kV, deg) You can confirm in MAIN MENU / METERING / VOLTAGE MAIN MENU / METERING / VOLTAGE
[PHASE 0.00 [PHASE 0.00 A-N VOLTAGE] kV 0.0 Lag B-N VOLTAGE] kV 0.0 Lag

Phase A-N and B-N Voltage metering Display. Use [] [] keys to move to next value.

8.1.3. Frequency
The following values are contained in the frequency metering. y y Frequency() Frequency decay rate(/Sec)

You can confirm in MAIN NEMU / METERING / FREQUENCY MAIN MENU / METERING / FREQUENCY
[ FREQUENCY (Hz)] 0.00 Hz 0.00 Hz/Sec

Frequency Display

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8.1.4. Synchro Voltage


The following values are contained in the synchronism voltage metering. y y y y Synchro Voltage() Synchro Phasor(deg) Synchro Frequency() Synchrocheck delta(Phasor, voltage, frequency)

You can confirm in MAIN NEMU / METERING / SYNCHRO VOLTAGE MAIN MENU / METERING / SYNCHRO VOLTAGE
[SYNCHRO VOLTAGE] 0.00 kV 0.0 Leg [SYNCHRO FREQUENCY] 0.00 Hz

Synchronism Voltage, Frequency Display. Use [] [] keys to move to next value.

8.1.5. Power
The following values are contained in the power metering. y y y y Real power(MW) Reactive power(Mvar) Apparent power(MVA) Power factor(%)

You can confirm in MAIN NEMU / METERING / POWER MAIN MENU / METERING / POWER
[REAL POWER (MW)] Pa: 0.00 Pb: 0.00 P3: 0.00 Pc: 0.00

Real Power (A, B, C, 3) Display. Use [] [] keys to move to next value.

8.1.6. Energy
The following values are contained in the energy metering. y y y y Positive watthour(MWh) Negative watthour(MWh) Positive varhour(Mvar) negative varhour(Mvar)

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The updated rate of the energy meters is based on the Time Constant setting MAIN MENU / SETTING / MONITORING / DEMAND The meters will update every 1/15 of the Demand Constant. For example : if the Demand Constant is set to 15 minutes, the energy meters will update every 1 minute (15min 1/15 = 1 min) The watt-hour and VAR-hour meters can be reset to 0 through PRIMARY SETTING / RELAY SETUP / CLEAR SAVED DATA / MAX DEMAND You can confirm in MAIN NEMU / METERING / ENERGY MAIN MENU / METERING / ENERGY
[POSITIVE WATTHOURS] 0 MWh [NEGATIVE WATTHOURS] 0 MWh

Positive / Negative Watthour Display Use [] [] keys to move to next value.

8.1.7. Demand
The following values are contained in the demand metering. Actual demand & maximum demand with Value (Current, Real power, Reactive power) and Date (Year/Month/Date Hour:Minute,Second) Energy value & start date (Year/Month/Date Hour:Minute,Second) During each demand value, the EVRC2A also captures and stores maximum values for the measurements listed below. It functions as a standard maximum meter. When a new maximum value is determined, the old value is replaced. A time stamp in the following format (Date: Year/Month/Day and Time: Hour:Minute,Second), is placed with the latest maximum values. The Max demand meters can be reset to 0 through PRIMARY SETTING / RELAY SETUP / CLEAR SAVED DATA / MAX DEMAND You can confirm in MAIN NEMU / METERING / DEMEND MAIN MENU / METERING / DEMAND
PHASE A CURRENT DEMAND: 0 A MAX : 0 A 02/01/22 10:24:10

Positive / Negative Watthour Display. Use [] [] keys to move to next value.

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8.1.8. System
The following values are contained in the system metering. y y y y Board power(12, +5V) Temperature() Battery voltage(V) Gas pressure(Bar)

You can confirm in MAIN NEMU / METERING / SYSTEM MAIN MENU / METERING / SYSTEM
[ SYSTEM METER] +12:11.85 12:-11.94 +5 : 4.99 TMP:27.58 BAT:26.04 GAS: 0.50

System metering display.

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8.2. Accuracy
The harmonic components of current and voltage are removed from input voltage and current parameters, so all measurements based on these quantities respond to the fundamental component only. Table 8-1. Metering Accuracy
Accuracy Measurements Parameters Phase A RMS Current Phase B RMS Current CURRENT Phase C RMS Current Phase G RMS Current AN (AB) RMS Voltage VOLTAGE BN (BC) RMS Voltage CN (CA) RMS Voltage SYMMETRICAL COMPONENTS POWER FACTOR 3REAL POWER 3REACTIVE POWER 3APPARENT POWER WATT-HOURS I1, I2, 3I0 V1, V2, 3V0 Phase A, B, C 3 Phase Phase A, B, C 3 Phase Phase A, B, C 3 Phase Phase A, B, C 3 Phase Phase A, B, C 3 Phase Phase A/B/C/G Current A/B/C, 3 Real Power DEMAND A/B/C, 3 Reactive Power A/B/C, 3 Apparent Power A-N (A-B) Source FREQUENCY Load Voltage MW/h A MW Mvar MVA MVA Mvar MW Rate A 1% of 2 x CT 2.5% 0.05 1% of 2 x CT 1% 0.02 2.5% 1% A 1% of 2 x CT 1% of 2 x CT 20 x CT Unit CVD VT Range

-1.00 to 1.00

3%

2%

320.00 to 320.00

3%

2%

320.00 to 320.00

3%

2%

320.00 to 320.00

5% 2% 5% 5% 5% 0.05

3% 2% 3% 3% 3% 0.02

32000 to 32000

40.00 to 65.00

If the VT connection type is set to delta, all single phase voltage quantities are displayed as zero.

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9. MONITORING
EVRC2A has Monitoring function for following items and also has functions for user to output Alarm signal or Trip signal. y y y y DEMAND SYNCHRO LINE TRIP COUNTER RECLOSER WEAR

9.1. Demand
9.1.1. Description
EVRC2A is programmed to monitor following items to be operated as user sets. y y y Phase Current demand value Ground current demand value Negative sequence current demand value

9.1.2. Related Setting Menu


1) Function Setting Select for system to operate when Demand elements were picked up. PRIMARY SETTING / MONITORING / DEMAND / Function
[DEMAND] >Function: Relays(0-8): Type:

Range
OFF OFF THM

OFF, TRIP, TR&AR Step ~

Default OFF OFF : OFF Monitoring TRIP : Generates Trip signal

TR&AR : Generate Trip and Alarm signal

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2) Alarm Output Relay Setting Select Relay output for alarm. PRIMARY SETTING / MONITORING / DEMAND / Relays(0-8)
[DEMAND] Function: >Relays(0-8): Type:

Range
OFF OFF THM

OFF, 0 ~ 8 Step 1

Default OFF 0000 : No Output Relay is selected.

Maximum 4 of Relay outputs can be selected to operate output signal. 1234 : Operate output signal through 1, 2, 3, 4 Output Relay.

3) Demand Method Setting Setting for Demand calculation method. PRIMARY SETTING / MONITORING / DEMAND / Type
[DEMAND] Function: Relays(0-8): >Type:

Range
OFF OFF THM

THM, ROL Step ~

Default THM ROL : Calculated Rolling demand.

THM : Calculated by Thermal Exponential demand.

4) Time constant Setting Setting for 90% Response time in Thermal calculation method. PRIMARY SETTING / MONITORING / DEMAND / Time Constant(m)
[DEMAND] Relays(0-8): OFF Type: THM >Time Constant(m): 5

Range

5, 10, 15, 20, 30, 60 min Step ~

Default 5 actual value.

Enter the time required for a steady state current to indicate 90% of the

5) Phase demand pickup current setting Setting for Phase demand pickup current. PRIMARY SETTING / MONITORING / DEMAND / PHA PU(xCT)
[DEMAND] Type: THM Time Constant(m): 5 >PHA PU(xCT): 0.60

Range

0.00 ~ 3.20 Step 0.01

Default 0.60 Setting value CT Phase Ratio.

Ex) When CT ratio is 1000:1and setting value is 0.60, Pickup Current 0.60 1000 = 600A

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6) Ground demand pickup current Setting Setting for Ground demand pickup current. PRIMARY SETTING / MONITORING / DEMAND / GND PU(xCT)
[DEMAND] Time Constant(m): 5 PHA PU(xCT): 0.60 >GND PU(xCT): 0.30

Range

0.00 ~ 3.20 Step 0.01

Default 0.30 Setting value CT Ground Ratio

Ex) When CT ratio is 1000:1and setting value is 0.30, Pickup Current 0.30 1000 = 300A 7) Negative sequence demand pickup current Setting Setting for Negative sequence demand pickup current. PRIMARY SETTING / MONITORING / DEMAND / NEQ PU(xCT)
[DEMAND] PHA PU(xCT): GND PU(xCT): >NEQ PU(xCT):

Range
0.60 0.30 0.60

0.00 ~ 3.20 Step 0.01

Default 0.60 Setting value CT Phase Ratio.

Ex) When CT ratio is 1000:1and setting value is 0.60, Pickup Current 0.60 1000 = 600A

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9.2. Synchronism Check


Refer to 7. PROTECTION

9.3. Trip Counter


9.3.1. Trip Counter Explanation
EVRC2A records counter related with System operation. Especially Trip Counter is operated depending on Monitoring function set by user. y y y Trip : Records trip operation count Fault : Records Fault count System Restart : Records system restart count MAIN MENU / MAINTENANCE / COUNTERS
[ COUNTER ] 1.TRIP : 00000 2.FAULT : 00000 3.RESTART: 00011

User can confirm in MAIN MENU/MAINTENANCE/COUNTERS

9.3.2. Related Setting Menu


1) Function Setting Select for system to operate when Trip Counter reaches Limit value set by user. PRIMARY SETTING / MONITORING / TRIP COUNTER / Function
[TRIP COUNTER] >Function: OFF Relays(0-8): OFF Limit: 10000

Range

OFF, ALARM Step ~

Default OFF OFF : OFF Monitoring TRIP : Generates Trip signal

TR&AR : Generate Trip and Alarm signal 2) Alarm Output Relay Setting Select Relay output for alarm. PRIMARY SETTING / MONITORING / TRIP COUNTER / Relays(0-8)
[TRIP COUNTER] Function: OFF >Relays(0-8): OFF Limit: 10000

Range

OFF, 0 ~ 8 Step 1

Default OFF

Maximum 4 of Relay outputs can be selected to operate output signal. 0000(off) : No Output Relay is selected. 1234 : Operate output signal through 1, 2, 3, 4 Output Relay.

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3) Limit value Setting Setting for Trip Counter Monitor value. PRIMARY SETTING / MONITORING / TRIP COUNTER / Limit
[TRIP COUNTER] Function: OFF Relays(0-8): OFF >Limit: 10000

Range

1 ~ 20000 Step 1

Default 10000 up.

Select for system to operate when Trip Counter limit value was picked

4) Clear value Setting Use to synchronize EVRC2A counter with Recloser Counter. PRIMARY SETTING / MONITORING / TRIP COUNTER / Counter set
[TRIP COUNTER] Relays(0-8): OFF Limit: 10000 >Counter set: 0

Range

0 ~ 10000 Step 1

Default 0

Enters a value for Trip Counter Clear.

5) Stored Value Clear Select 4. DIAGNOSTIC in PRIMARY SETTING / RELAY SETUP / CLEAR SAVED DATA to clear

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9.4. Recloser Wear


9.4.1. Explanation
Maintenance of contact life of Recloser. Manages the contact life calculated from fault current size when faults interrupted. The initial value is 100% MAIN MENU / MAINTENANCE / WEAR MONITOR
[WEAR MONITOR (%)] 1.CONTACT A : 98.70 2.CONTACT B : 98.70 3.CONTACT C : 98.70

User can confirm in MAIN MENU / MAINTENANCE / WEAR MONITOR Phase A Wear : Shows phase A contact life. Phase B Wear : Shows phase B contact life. Phase C Wear : Shows phase C contact life.

9.4.2. Related setting menu


1) Function Setting PRIMARY SETTING / MONITORING / RECLOSER WARE / Function
[RECLOSER WEAR] >Function: ALARM Pickup(%): 20.0 Rated Volt(kV): 15

Range

OFF, ALARM Step ~

Default ALARM up.

Select for system to operate when Recloser wear elements were picked

2) Pickup Setting PRIMARY SETTING / MONITORING / RECLOSER WARE / Pickup(%)


[RECLOSER WEAR] Function: ALARM >Pickup(%): 20.0 Rated Volt(kV): 15

Range

0.0 ~ 50.0 % Step 0.1 %

Default 20.0 Enter Pickup value of contact life.

3) Rated Voltage Setting PRIMARY SETTING / MONITORING / RECLOSER WARE / Rated Volt(kV)
[RECLOSER WEAR] Function: ALARM Pickup(%): 20.0 >Rated Volt(kV): 15

Range

15, 27, 38 Step ~

Default Note 1 Select rated voltage. NOTE

1) The rated voltage determines the Recloser type.

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4) Interrupter capacity setting PRIMARY SETTING / MONITORING / RECLOSER WARE / Interrupt(kA)


[RECLOSER WEAR] Pickup(%): 20.0 Rated Volt(kV): 15 >Interrupt(kA): 12.5

Range

5.0 ~ 50.0 kA Step 0.1 kA

Default 12.5

Enter the capacity of rated Interrupter.

5) Maximum Rated Interruption Number Setting PRIMARY SETTING / MONITORING / RECLOSER WARE / No. Max I
[RECLOSER WEAR] Rated Volt(kV): 15 Interrupt(kA): 12.5 >No. Max I: 100

Range

1 ~ 999 Step 1

Default 100

Enter the capacity of rated Interrupter.

6) Stored value Clear Select WEAR MONITOR in PRIMARY SETTING / RELAY SETUP / CLEAR SAVED DATA to clear value. Insert the value set in PRIMARY SETTING / MONITORING / RECLOSER WEAR / A, B, C Wear from LCD menu.

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10. EVENT RECORDER


EVRC2A has recording and maintenance function for following items. y y y y FAULT CYCLE WAVEFORM CAPTURE SYSTEM EVENT RECORDER DIAGNOSTIC EVENT RECORDER LOAD PROFILE

10.1. Waveform Capture


In case of Fault, Waveform Capture records 16 Data of 15-Cycle with 16-Smple per 1 Cycle resolution. Fault cycle summary is displayed on LCD screen Captured fault waveforms can be showed by the interface software. Move to MAIN MENU / EVENT RECORDER / FAULT CYCLE to see Fault cycle summary. MAIN MENU / EVENT RECORDER / FAULT CYCLE
[NO-] IA: IB: IC: IG: 02/01/14 19:51:58

Fault No: There are 16 events are recorded and the latest event is displayed in advance. Fault Type

Ex>
[NO-01] Fault Pickup IA: 0 IB: 549 IC: 0 IG: 548 02/01/14 19:51:58

Fault Pickup 27: Under Voltage Trip 59: Over Voltage Trip 25: Synchronism Check Trip 81: Under Frequency Trip A, B, C, G: Fault phase showes LED ON. S: Sensitive Earth Fault

Each phase fault current unit : Ampere(A) Event occurred time : Year/Month/Day(or Month/Day/Year) Hour: Minute: Second

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10.1.1. Trigger Source


y y Occurred Protection element pickup Occurred Fault trip command active

Depending on pickup size, if interval between pickup and trip is within 15 cycles including prefault cycles(4 cycles), then record pickup cycles. But if the interval between pickup and trip are not within 15 cycles, then record pickup cycles and trip cycles. These operations are very useful to examine.

10.1.2. Data Channels


Stores following data : y y y y y y 4 currents : Ia, Ib, Ic, Ig 3 voltages (Va, Vb, Vc) : not passed digital-filter Frequency 32 logic input states 8Ch output relays 8Ch Input

10.1.3. Sample Rate


Captures one period of 16 sampling per 1cycle.

10.1.4. Storage capacity


The capacity of storage is last 16 events of 15cycles.

10.1.5. Related Setting Menu


1) ON/OFF Setting Fault Cycle waveform capture function can be set ON/OFF by user. PRIMARY SETTING / RELAY SETUP \ EVENT RECORDER \ Fault Cycle
[EVENT RECORDER] >Fault Cycle: ON Len' of Pre F: 4 Load Profile: ON

Range

OFF, ON Step ~

Default ON ON : Record fault cycle waveform.

OFF : No record of fault cycle waveform.

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2) Pre-fault length Setting User sets the length of pre-fault before Trigger. PRIMARY SETTING / RELAY SETUP \ EVENT RECORDER \ Len' of Pre F
[EVENT RECORDER] Fault Cycle: ON >Len' of Pre F: 4 Load Profile: ON

Range

0 ~ 14 Step 1

Default 4 Usually sets 4 cycles as default.

3) Stored Value Clear Select 1. FAULT CYCLE in PRIMARY SETTING / REALY SETUP / CLEAR SAVED DATA to clear the stored value.

10.1.6. Interface software


Interface software shows Data and captured waveform (below)

Figure 10-1. Data and captured waveform showed by Interface Software

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10.2. System Event Recorder


Record changes of system status up to 500 lists when trigger source asserted and deasserted. MAIN MENU / EVENT RECORDER / SYSTEM STATUS
[NO-001] CONTR LOCK STATUS : LO/DEASSERT DATE : 02/01/22 TIME : 19:51:58:387

Confirm in MAIN MENU / EVENT RECORDER / SYSTEM STATUS

10.2.1. Trigger Source


y y y y y y y y y Protection Element 52A Contact Sequence status Front panel control AC supply External control Fail operation External input status System alarm NOTE : For more details about Trigger Source, refer to Appendix C

10.2.2. Trigger Time


Monitors changes of Trigger source status in every 1/4 cycle.

10.2.3. Trigger type


Stores type of Trigger source : Pickup(assert) or Dropout(deassert)

10.2.4. Storage Capacity


Stores last 500 events.

10.2.5. Related Setting Menu


System automatically maintains system event recorder. User can clear only stored events. 1) Stored Value Clear Select 2.SYSTEM STATUS in PRIMARY SETTING / RELAY SETUP \ CLEAR SAVED DATA to clear.
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10.2.6. Interface software


Interface software shows system status events.

Figure 10-2. System Status Events showed by Interface Software

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10.3. Diagnostic Event Recorder


10.3.1. Trigger Source
y y y y y y SYSTEM POWER : AC, Battery, 12V, +5V A/D Conversion : A/D Fail, Reference Voltage1, Reference Voltage 2 SLEEP MODE POWER DOWN MODE SETTING CHANGE GAS STATUS

For more details about Trigger Source, refer to Appendix D

10.3.2. Trigger Time


Monitors status of Trigger source in every 1/4 cycle

10.3.3. Trigger type


Stores type of Trigger source : Pickup(assert) or Dropout(deassert)

10.3.4. Storage Capacity


Stores last 100 events.

10.3.5. Related Setting Menu


System automatically maintains Diagnostic event recorder. User can clear only stored events. 1) Stored Value Clear Select 4.DIAGNOSTIC in PRIMARY SETTING / RELAY SETUP / CLEAR SAVED DATA to clear.

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10.3.6. Interface software


Interface software shows Diagnostic events.

Figure 10-3. Diagnostic Events showed by Interface Software

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10.4. Load Profile


Record the Demand value when reaches in setting time (5, 10, 15, 20, 30, 60minute). Load profile has 1024 Banks that can store values of 42 days if setting time is 60minute. LOAD PROFILE
CURRENT (A) [0001] A: 0 B: 0 C: 0 G: 0 02/01/22 21:45:00

Confirm in MAIN MENU / EVENT RECORDER / LOAD PROFILE y y y To see previous value, press [] key. To see next value, press [] key. On screen , use [] or [] key to see , , screen in tern.

REAL POW(MW) [0001] A: 0 B: 0 C: 0 G: 0 02/01/22 21:45:00

REAC POW(Mvar)[0001] A: 0 B: 0 C: 0 G: 0 02/01/22 21:45:00

10.4.1. Trigger Source


y y y Demand Current(A, B, C, G) Demand Real Power(A, B, C, 3) Demand Reactive Power(A, B, C, 3)

10.4.2. Trigger Time


y 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, 60 Minute

10.4.3. Storage Capacity


y Stores 1024 events

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10.4.4. Related Setting Menu


1) ON/OFF Setting Load Profile can be set ON/OFF by user. PRIMARY SETTING / RELAY SETUP \ EVENT RECORDER \ Load Profile
[EVENT RECORDER] Fault Cycle: ON Len' of Pre F: 4 >Load Profile: ON

Range

OFF, ON Step ~

Default ON ON : Records load profile. OFF : No record of load profile.

2) Recording time interval setting PRIMARY SETTING / RELAY SETUP \ EVENT RECORDER \ L.P save time(m)
[EVENT RECORDER] Len' of Pre F: 4 Load Profile: ON >L.P save time(m):15

Range

5, 10, 15, 20, 30, 60 min Step ~

Default 15

Sets the interval time between Records.

3) Stored value Clear Select LOAD PROFILE in PRIMARY SETTING / RELAY SETUP / CLEAR SAVED DATA to clear.

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10.4.5. Interface software


Interface software shows load profile data.

Figure 10-4. Load Profile Data showed by Interface Software

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11. INSTALLATION
11.1. User Interface Door and Power Switch

Figure 11-1. User Interface Door and Power Switch User Interface Door User Interface Door has two magnets upper and down(or top and bottom).To open the door, pull the handle. Control Power Switch After opening the User Interface Door, you see 2 Switches. Left side switch is for Battery Power, right side one is for AC Power. Turning on either one of two activates control. AC Power Outlet For user convenience, AC Power Outlet is located on User Interface Door. Fuse is installed for safety from overload. Location of fuse is referred to Figure 11-5. Inner Structure

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11.2. Vent and Outer Cover

Figure 11-2. Air Vent and Outer Cover Outer Cover It is for blocking the direct ray of light to delay raising temperature inside of Control Cubicle. The gap between control cubicle and cover is 10mm. Air Vent To protect control part from humidity by temperature fluctuation, Vents are on left and right side covered with Outer Cover.

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11.3. Dimensions and Mounting Plan

Figure 11-3. Dimensions and Mounting Plan y y y EVRC2A has Small size and Large size depending on Recloser Type. Small size is available for EVR1, EVR2, Large size is available for EVR3. Large size is able to make User available Space larger, the space unit is referred to Figure 11-6

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y y y y y y y

Standard for EVR1, EVR2 is small size and for EVR3 is large size. EVR1 (Recloser Rated Voltage : 15.5) / EVR2 (27) / EVR3 (38) For installation on a Pole, the lifting hole is indicated. Weight of EVRC2A small size is 85 and large size is 90. EVRC2A should be fixed top and bottom with 16(5/8") Bolt. There is an Exit hole for external cable that can be connected to additional functioning hardware. The diameter of the hole is 22(0.866") and two of Standard Receptacle "MS22" Series can be extended.

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11.4. Earth Wiring Diagram

Figure 11-4. Earth Wiring Diagram y y y After installation of Control cubicle, connect the ground. Earth Terminal can connect with core of cable size up to 12(0.470") diameter. Earth cable from Pole Neutral and from EVRC2A Earth Terminal must be connected to the ground.

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11.5. Inner Structure

Figure 11-5. Inner Structure Controller Power NFB (No Fuse Breaker) Left side switch is for Battery and right side one is for 220Vac. Heater Optional Heater is 40W Battery Use 2 of 12Vdc in series. Use () screwdriver for replacement. Fuse TF1, TF2, TF3 are for circuit protection, refers to (see 11.21. Fuse) Terminal Block Place for AC Power line, there are two ports for user. User Available Space Space for additional hardware connection. Installation and space size refers to Figure 11-6. Mount Accessories Dimensions.

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11.6. Mount Accessories Dimensions

Figure 11-6. Mount Accessories Dimensions y y y Shows base plate measurements that can be attached in User Available Space. On Base plate, 10/M6 Nut is used to fix the base plate. Available space for height of base plate is from 101.6 (4) to 177.8 (7)

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11.7. User-Available DC Power


Table 11-1. User-Available DC Power Voltage Rating 24Vdc 15Vdc 12Vdc Voltage Range 2025Vdc 14.015.5Vdc 11.012.5Vdc Maximum Power output 30W Continuous 70W 10second Short 1second Positions Side Panel CN5 (1-VCC/+) (2-AGND/-)

Standard Voltage : 12Vdc / User can select Voltage Rating y

30W DC Power is provided. In case of the necessity of larger than 30W, additional power should be attached. For more details, contact manufacturer. Input of the additional power is referred to Figure 11-7. Terminal Block and Fuses

y y

Remove cable coating at the end of cable length of 8mm(0.315). With using () CN5 connector terminal on side panel should be connected to Wire size AWG24 up to 12. To change Voltage ratings, disconnect Jumper Pin in JP3 Figure 11-31. ANALOG BOARD, and connect Jumper Pin to either JPI (24Vdc) or JP2 (15Vdc). Be sure of the voltage rating due to disassembly.

When overload, automatically circuit breaks current. In case long-term overload time, there is a fuse on analog circuits to protect circuits from failure.

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11.8. Terminal Block and Fuses

Figure 11-7. Terminal Block and Fuses y y y y y y y y Caution for an electric shock due to AC Power loaded in Terminal block. Standard AC Power is 220Vac. AC Power input terminal 1, 2 are connected from Receptacle to Terminal block. Terminal 3 is the ground. Terminal 4, 5 are for connecting additional AC Power. Terminal 4 is connected with TF3 for protection, terminal 5 is in series with AC Power On TF3 Fuse, AC Power Outlet is connected with 40W Heater. Reference for branching. In AC line connection, blue wired line is for Neutral, white wired line is for Phase wire, green wired line is for the ground. Terminal 6, 7, 8 are spare for Recloser 52 contact. Terminal 9, 10 are for User Available Terminal block. In need of more terminals, use User Available Space. 52 Contact Auxiliary Specs Rating (Resistive load) : 30Vdc 5A / 125Vdc 0.6A / 250Vdc 0.3A

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11.9. EVRC2A Wiring Diagram - CVD Type

Figure 11-8. EVRC2A Wiring Diagram - CVD Type y y Wiring diagram of EVRC2A standard. CN1 has different system wirings depending on User system. In Figure 11-8. EVRC2A Wiring Diagram - CVD Type, CN1 is marked as Earthing System. For non-Earthing system, refer to Figure 11-11. Current Inputs Wiring Diagram y CN2 is Voltage Input Connector. Figure 11-8. EVRC2A Wiring Diagram - CVD Type is CVD (Capacitor Voltage Divider) type and Figure 11-9. EVRC2A Wiring Diagram - VT Type is VT type. y VT type is standard and CVD type is for optional. CVD type and VT type are not exchangeable.

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11.10. EVRC2A Wiring Diagram - VT Type

Figure 11-9. EVRC2A Wiring Diagram - VT Type y y y Figure 11-9. EVRC2A Wiring Diagram - VT Type is wiring diagram of VT type of which Voltage Input is optional. CN2 is Voltage Input Connector. For wiring, refer to Figure 11-13. VT Wiring Diagram CVD type and VT type are not exchangeable. VT type is standard and CVD type is optional.

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11.11. Side Panel


Current Inputs IA,IB,IC,IN,SEF CN2 Voltage Inputs VA,VB,VC,VL CN3 AC24V IN Relay Module AC Power Input CN4 BATT` IN Relay Module DC Power Input CN5 POWER OUT - Option User-Available DC Voltage Source CN6 CONTROL Recloser Open, Close CN7 UPS Monitors and controls Close and Trip Power CN8 RECLOSER STATUS Open, Close, Lock, Pressure CN9 CN10 OUTPUTS and INPUTS - Option OUT1~OUT5(A Contact), OUT6~OUT7(B Contact) OUT8(ALARM) IN01~IN08 PORT2 - Option SERIAL RS232 PORT3 - Option SERIAL RS485/422 PORT4 - Option ETHERNET NOTE : 1) I/O Terminal (CN10, CN9) has functions to control basic operation of Recloser and can be connected with SCADA System for use. 2) Remove the coating of cable length of 8 (0.315"). Side panel connector for user should be connected to Wire size AWG24 to 12 Figure 11-10. Side Panel

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11.12. Current Inputs Wiring Diagram


Current IG is connected with Side Panel IG(A07,A08) in Earthing System. SEF(A09,A10) should be connected, so called JUMPER IG Input Current Range y y y y 0.5A Nominal 2A continuous 25A 1 second Burden : 0.19VA(0.5A)

Current IG should be connected with SEF(A09,A10) of Side Panel in. Non Earthing System. IG(A07,A08) should be connected to each other. SEF Input Current Range y y y y 0.05A Nominal 0.16A Continuous 0.6A 1 second Burden : 0.0375VA(0.05A) Figure 11-11. Current Inputs Wiring Diagram

Recloser Phase should match with User system. Refer to Figure 11-15. Phase Rotation CT Phase rotation must be arranged comparing with Voltage Inputs Phase rotation.

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11.13. CVD Wiring Diagram

Figure 11-12. CVD Wiring Diagram y y y y y CVD (Capacitor Voltage Divider) measures Voltage with using Capacitor installed in each Bushing of Recloser. CVD Type and VT Type are not exchangeable. Current Inputs and Voltage Inputs should be the same phase. If CT Inputs changed Phase rotation, Voltage Inputs phase should be re-arranged. Option CVD 15, 27, 38 Class Load Side CVD of EPR model is optional.

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11.14. VT Wiring Diagram

Figure 11-13. VT Wiring Diagram y y y y CVD Type can not be used when VT(Voltage Transformer) Type was selected. VT wiring should match Current Inputs. For Load Side VT wiring, refer to Figure 11-14. VL Wiring Diagram Voltage Inputs VA, VB, VC and VL Load side Input Voltage Range : Vphase-Vcom Continuous < 300V Burden : 0.6VA(300V), 0.2VA(220V), 0.05VA(120V), 0.02VA(67V)

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11.15. Load Side VT Wiring Diagram

Figure 11-14. VL Wiring Diagram y y y Load Side VT check synchronism for Phase. Phase B should be connected to VL2(Vcom) in Non Earthing System. Voltage Input Range : VL1-VL2 Continuous < 300V Burden : 0.6VA(300V), 0.2VA(220V), 0.05VA(120V), 0.02VA(67V)

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11.16. Current and Voltage Inputs Phase Rotation

Figure 11-15. Phase Rotation y y y y For Metering accuracy, phase rotations of User system and Recloser should be the same. Figure 11-15. Phase Rotation shows the same phase rotation between User System and Recloser. If the phase rotation is not the same in User system and Recloser, correct CT and CVD wiring in side panel to be matched. EVR Recloser phase A is the Bushing the nearest from Trip lever on the side.

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11.17. Control Cable Receptacle Pin Descriptions


Table 11-2. Control Cable Receptacle Pin Descriptions Pin A B C D E F G H J K L M N P R S T U V W X Z y y y y Function C.T Phase C C.T Phase B C.T Phase A C.T Common(G) CVD Source Phase C CVD Source Phase B CVD Source Phase A Ground(CVD Load side Phase T) Ground(CVD Load side Phase S) CVD Load side Phase R Pressure Sensor Output(controller input) not connected Pressure Sensor Power AGND Pressure Sensor Power 12Vdc Cable shield and Ground not connected Recloser Status 69b(locked a connect) Recloser Status Common(24Vdc) Recloser Status 52b(Monitored Trip) Recloser Status 52a(Monitored Close) not connected not connected Pin a b c d e f g h j k m n p r s Function 52 common(Auxiliary) 52b(Auxiliary) 52a(Auxiliary) Close and Trip Coil Common Close and Trip Coil Common Close and Trip Coil Common Close Coil Close Coil Close Coil not connected Trip Coil not connected Trip Coil Trip Coil not connected

Control EVRC2A Receptacle : MS3102 28-21S(Female) Recloser Receptacle : MS3102 28-21P(Male) Control Cable : Shield Cable 8meter(31.5) Cable Shielding layer is connected to Pin R

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Figure 11-16. Control Receptacle Figure 11-16. Control Receptacle shows Female Receptacle installed in Control EVRC2A.

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11.18. Control Cable Assembling / De-assembling


y y Do not turn Plug body when Control Cable assembling/de-assembling. For Control Cable assembling, connect with Receptacle check based with Pin Guide position. Following notices are suggested. Turn Plug nut clockwise carefully to prevent Pin winding or out of gearing. Push Plug Body little by little with shaking left and right side into Receptacle; repeat this to complete connection. Turn Plug nut to tighten for Control Cable de-assembling, do the opposite way of Control Cable assembling

Figure 11-17. Recloser Receptacle

Figure 11-18. Control Cable

11.19. AC Power Receptacle Pin Descriptions


Table 11-3. AC Power Receptacle Pin Descriptions Pin Function

A B C

AC Power Input AC Power Input (Neutral) not connected

Standard Input Voltage of Control EVRC2A is 220Vac. Figure 11-19. Power Receptacle

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11.20. AC Power Cable


TYPE : MS22-2S(Female) Cable Length : 2C-3.5 6meter(236") A PIN Wire Color : White(Phase) B PIN Wire Color : Black(Neutral) C PIN : not connected

11.21. Fuses
Table 11-4. Fuses
Rating / Positions External AC - Power Input 7A/220Vac Terminal Block TF1 15A/110Vac 3A/220Vac Terminal Block TF2 6A/110Vac Terminal Block TF3 Inside Relay Module F1 1A (Analog board) Inside Relay Module F2 1A (Analog board) Inside Relay Module F3 2A (Analog board) Inside Relay Module F4 5A (Analog board) 10A 0.251.25" (6.38531.75) 0.25"1.25" (6.38531.75) 0.25"1.25" (6.38531.75) 0.197"0.787" (520) 0.197"0.787" (520) 0.197"0.787" (520) 0.197"0.787" (520) User-Available DC Power Relay Module Power Close Control Trip Control Input Line of Transformer in UPS Module AC Power Input Line of Transformer in Control EVRC2A AC Power. AC Power outlet and Heater User Available AC Power Dimensions Purpose

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11.22. Battery and Control run time


Table 11-5. Battery Specs Maker Battery Type Nominal Voltage Nominal capacity Dimension Self-discharge Versus Time Service life Time Battery Connector(CN11) Controller run time Recharge Time y y Global & Yuasa Battery Co., Ltd.(Made in Korea) ES18-12 12V 18 amp-hours 18176167(7.12636.575") 12 month at +20(+68), 5 month at +40(+104) 35 years at +20(+68), 1 years at +50(+122) Molex Connector 3191-2R 30 hours at +20(+68), 15 hours at -25(-13) 60 hours at +20(+68)

Sealed lead - acid Battery Type, use 12Vdc 2 Batteries in series. Harness connector(CN11) from Battery Terminal is connected to battery switch NFB1. In order to store Battery for a long time, turn NFB1 OFF without disconnecting Harness connector.

The self-discharge rate of batteries is approximately 3% per month when batteries are stored at an ambient temperature of +20(+68). The self-discharge rate varies with ambient temperature.

The approximate depth of discharge or remaining capacity of an battery can be empirically determined from

Figure 11-21. Figure 11-20. Battery

Open Circuit Voltage y


Turn off NFB1 to disconnect Battery from circuits. Remove Battery Connector CN11(3191-2R) and measure the battery voltage. If the battery voltage is less than 22.5Vdc, the residual capacity is 0%. The voltage can be recharged but requires maintenance.

24Vdc Battery supplies Relay Module and UPS Module through NFB1(Battery Switch). Relay Module supplies through CN4 Connector in Side Panel and UPS Module supplies through P2 Connector of UPS Module.

Figure 11-21. Open Circuit Voltage

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11.23. Charge Circuit


Charger uses current-control-circuit to prevent sudden-recharge and use voltage-steady-circuit to prevent over-recharge. Charge inspection use 24Vac the same power as Relay Module has. Disconnecting CN11 may cause spark, turn off NFB1(Battery Switch) and NFB2(Ac Power switch) before disconnect CN11. Limit Current measuring should be tested on 10 in series with CD Ammeter. Charge Voltage : 27.5Vdc(0.5V) Charge Current : 300mAdc(50mAdc)

11.24. Battery Change


Battery Mounting consists of two of Bolt M6-15L. Battery Wire consists of M5 Bolt & Nut and is connected to Battery Terminal. Bolt can be replaced using with (+) screwdriver. For Battery wire de-assembling, disconnect Jumper wire first and disconnect CN11 wire(red and black). When CN11 is disconnected first, battery short is considered in case of workers mistake. For Battery wire connection, connect CN11 wire (red and black) first and connect Jumper wire later. Reference Figure 11-20. Battery

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11.25. Communications
1) RS232 Pin Functions for Port1 and Port2 Table 11-6. RS232 Pin Functions for Port1 and Port2 Pin 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Positions Cable Purposes Serial Port1 N/C RXD TXD N/C GND N/C N/C N/C N/C User Interface Panel(Male) CC201 Maintenance Serial Port2 DCD RXD TXD DTR GND DSR RTS CTS N/C Side Panel (Male) CC201,202,203 DNP Figure 11-22. RS232 Port Definition Data Carrier Detect Receive Data Transmit Data Data Terminal Ready Ground Data Set Ready Request To Send Clear To Send No Connection

2) RS485/422 Pin Functions for Port3 Table 11-7. RS485/422 Pin Functions for Port3 Pin 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Positions Purposes Serial Port3 RS485+ RS485TR1(120) RS422TX+ RS422TXTR2(120) SHIELD N/C IRIG-B(+) IRIG-B(-) Side Panel (Male) Modbus Figure 11-23. RS485/422 Port

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3) RJ-45 Pin Functions for Port4 Table 11-8. RJ-45Pin Functions for Port4 Pin 1 2 3 4 5 Port4 TX+ TXRX+ RXN/C Pin 6 7 8 Port4 N/C N/C N/C Figure 11-24. RJ-45 Port

Purpose IEC60870-5-104

11.26. Communication Cables


1) Cable CC201: Connect to Computer

Figure 11-24. Cable CC201 (connect to computer) 2) Cable CC202: Connect to Modem, etc. - option

Figure 11-25. Cable CC202 (connect to modem, etc.) 3) Cable CC203: Connect to Modem, etc. - option

Figure 11-26. Cable CC203 (connect to modem, etc.)

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11.27. Hardware Block Diagram

Figure 11-27. Hardware Block Diagram

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11.28. Recloser Trip and Close Circuits

Figure 11-28. Recloser Trip and Close Circuits

CC MC IGBT UPS y y y y

Close Coil Magnetic Contactor Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor Uninterruptible Power Supply

TC C F

Trip Coil Capacitor Fuse

Recloser Trip and Close Power is charged from C1, C2, C3 in UPS module. C1 is used for Trip power, C2, C3 are used for Close power. Trip(Close) runs when IGBT is ON. MC runs and the charged Capacitor transfer the Power to TC(CC), eventually Recloser runs. F1, F2 are Fuses to protect IGBT from MC damage. These are on Analog Board.

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11.29. Uninterruptible Power Supply for Trip & Close

Figure 11-29. UPS Module Block Diagram y y y y y UPS Module charges Capacitor for Trip/Close. Its rated output voltage is 120Vdc. Trip and Close Capacitor are individually located and do not affect to each other during Trip and Close. UPS Module runs by 120Vac Power or by Backup Battery. Transformer in EVRC2A connected with External AC Power generates 120Vac. Sealed lead-acid Type is used for Battery. Battery voltage does not run under 20Vac, runs over 20Vdc.

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11.30. Main Board

Figure 11-30. MAIN BOARD Indicates Firmware Upgrade Port, RTC(Real Time Clock), and main parts location. Also indicates backup battery type.

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11.31. Analog Board

Figure 11-31. ANALOG BOARD y y y y JP1, JP2, JP3 are Jumper Connecter, defining User Available DC Power Output Rating. F1, F2 are use to protect IGBT for Close and Trip. F3 is for Relay Module protection. JP1, JP2, JP3 are Jumper Connectors and define User Available DC Power rating.

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11.32. Recloser EVR Wiring Diagram

Figure 11-32. Recloser EVR Wiring Diagram Recloser EVR standard wiring diagram y y CT Protection is automatically protected when Control Cable is disconnected. The capacity of CVD is 20, and also automatically protected when Control Cable is disconnected.

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11.33. Recloser EPR Wiring Diagram

Figure 11-33. Recloser EPR Wiring Diagram Recloser EPR standard wiring diagram y y y CT Protection is automatically protected when Control Cable is disconnected. The capacity of CVD is 26, and also automatically protected when Control Cable is disconnected. Load side CVD-Option.

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11.34. Recloser Current Transformer (CT)


Table 11-9. Current Transformer (CT) Description CT Ratio : (1000:1/standard) CT Resistance < 5 Pin A B C D Function C.T Phase C C.T Phase B C.T Phase A C.T Common(G)

11.35. Recloser Capacitor Voltage Divider (CVD)


Table 11-10. Capacitor Voltage Divider (CVD) Description Pin E EVR RECLOSER 1) Pin R is connected to Ground. 2) CVD Capacitance : 20 3) For CVD Protection, MOV is connected between Phase and Ground. F G H J K R EPR RECLOSER 1) Pin R is connected to Ground. 2) CVD Capacitance of Source Phase : 26 3) CVD Capacitance of Load side Phase : 20 (Option) 4) For CVD Protection, MOV is connected between Phase and Ground. y y For voltage measuring, use High Impedance AC Voltmeter(Digital Multimeter) at Output Pin. Voltage Measuring Method 1 measure MOV voltage. (measure a voltage between MOV arms) y Voltage Measuring Method 2 Place the capacitor(C2) in parallel with MOV. and measure MOV voltage. Figure 11-34. CVD Wiring Diagram E F G K R Function CVD Source Phase C CVD Source Phase B CVD Source Phase A CVD Load side Phase T CVD Load side Phase S CVD Load side Phase R Cable shield and Ground CVD Source Phase C CVD Source Phase B CVD Source Phase A CVD Load side Phase R Cable shield and Ground

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11.36. Recloser Pressure Sensor (Only EVR Type)


11.36.1. TYPE1 Sensor
It is used of Recloser manufactured before JUNE, 2005. Table 11-11. EVR Pressure Sensor Description 1) Sensor Power is delivered from Pin P(+12Vdc0.5 %) and N(-) 2) Sensor Output is Pin L(+) and N(-) 3) SF6 Gas is the insulating material and is affected by depending on pressure (density). 4) Figure 11-35 shows pressure changes depending on temperature and Sensor Output voltage depending on pressure. 5) EVR has 0.5bar at 20 Pin L N P Function Pressure Sensor Output Pressure Sensor Power AGND Pressure Sensor Power 12Vdc

Figure 11-35. Pressure Changes depending on Temperature and Sensor Output voltage

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11.36.2. TYPE2 Sensor


It is used for Recloser manufactured after JULY, 2005. Table 11-12. EVR Pressure Sensor Description 1) Sensor Power is delivered from Pin P(+9~30Vdc) and N(-) 2) Sensor Output is Pin L(+) and N(-) Pin L N P Function Pressure Sensor Output Pressure Sensor Power AGND Pressure Sensor Power 12Vdc

5.0 4.5 4.0

Output voltage(Vdc)

3.5 3.0 2.5 2.0 1.5 1.0 0.5 0.0 -0.8 -0.7 -0.6 -0.5 -0.4 -0.3 -0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0

Pressure (bar)

Figure 11-36. Pressure Changes depending on Sensor Output voltage

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11.37. Recloser 52 contact and 69 contact


Table 11-13. 52 contact and 69 contact Description Pin T U V 69 is b Contact when unlocked. W a b c Function 69b(Monitored locked) Common(52 and 69) 52b(Monitored Trip) 52a(Monitored Close) 52 common(Auxiliary) 52b(Auxiliary) 52a(Auxiliary)

11.38. Recloser Trip and Close Coil


Table 11-14. Trip and Close Coil Description Pin d 1) Pin d, e and f are combined as one line. 2) Pin g, h and j are combined and placed as one line 3) Pin m, p and r are combined and placed as one line. 4) Close Coil Resistance : < 5 5) Trip Coil Resistance : < 2 e f g h j m p r Function Close and Trip Coil Common Close and Trip Coil Common Close and Trip Coil Common Close Coil Close Coil Close Coil Trip Coil Trip Coil Trip Coil

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11.39. Recloser Test Kit


1) RTS 2001 Model tests EVRC2A by Fault Simulation. 2) RTS 2001 can display Full Sequence of Trip time, Trip current, Interval on LCD screen and also can variously test Calibration Mode, OCR Mode, External Mode, Manual Mode.

Figure 11-37. User Interface Panel Standard Ratings and Features Table 11-15. Standard Ratings and Features
CLASSIFICATION Power Weigh Dimensions Output Current Output Voltage Recloser Control Interface Ammeter/Voltage Time difference Scope Terminal Operating Temperature RATINGS AND FEATURES AC220V/2A 50/60HZ

Figure 11-38. Recloser Test Kit

Body (11), Aluminum case (6), Cable (2), Total weight (19) Aluminum case : 500500240 (19.68"19.689.45") Body : 450300200 (17.72"11.827.88") Maximum_10Arms / 25VA(10A/0.25) Maximum_20Vpkpk / 200 Continuous / 1A 10second Cable 6M(23.6") 1% (3 digit) 1/2 cycle Max. current(10A), 10V (3%, 10% at <50) System : -25+70(-13+158) LCD : 0+70(+32+158)

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12. MAINTANANCE
12.1. Warning Events
In control panel warning led if is lighted up bellow table refer and inspects. Table12-1. Waring Events(1/2)
EVENT LCD TEXT EXPLANATION RECOMMENDED ACTION 1. Check AC Power NFB AC FAIL External power FAIL 2. Check AC Power fuse 3. Check AC supply, ensure AC connector is securely connected 1. Check AC supply Battery charge circuit CHGBD FAIL FAIL 2. Check Battery charge Voltage (range DC 27 ~ DC 28V) 3. Replace Analog Module Battery Discharge or BATT FAIL No Battery 1. BATT DISCHG display 2. NO BATTERY display 1. Check AC Power NFB Battery Discharge 1) BATTDISCHG (Value < 21V) SYSTEM POWER NO Battery 2) NO BATTERY (Value < 15V) 2. Check AC Power fuse 3. Check AC supply, ensure AC connector is securely connected 4. Replace Battery charge T.R 1. Check battery NFB 2. Check battery connection 1. +12V FAIL display SYSPOW FAIL System power FAIL 2. +5 V FAIL display 3. -12V FAIL display System power 1) +12V FAIL +12V FAIL System power +5V 2) +5 V FAIL FAIL System power 3) -12V FAIL -12V FAIL 1. Check System power connection 2. Check System power cable fault 3. Replace UPS Module 1. Check System power connection 2. Check System power cable fault 3. Replace UPS Module 1. Check System power connection 2. Check System power cable fault 3. Replace UPS Module 1. No problem 2. Refer to Panel sleep time

SLEEP MODE

SLEEP MODE

Panel sleep mode

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Table12-2. Waring Events(2/2)


EVENT SLEEP MODE POWER DOWN MODE LCD TEXT SLEEP MODE EXPLANATION Panel sleep mode RECOMMENDED ACTION 1. No problem 2. Refer to Panel sleep time No problem 1.Ensure Control cable is securely connected GAS STATUS GAS LOW Gas pressure Low (Value < 0.1 Bar) 2. Check Control cable fault 3. Replace Main Processing Module 4. Replace Recloser. 1.Ensure Control cable is securely connected SETTING GAS HIGH Gas pressure High (Value > 1.5 Bar) 2. Check Control cable fault 3. Replace Relay Module 4. Replace Recloser A/D converter REF1V FAIL SYSTEM RESTART REF2V FAIL Reference voltage 1 FAIL A/D converter Reference voltage 2 FAIL SET CHANGE RESTART MEMORY P-ROM FAIL Setting Changed System restarted Parallel EEPROM FAIL Serial EEPROM FAIL Data RAM FAIL Setting RAM FAIL RTC NV RAM FAIL RTC Time FAIL RTC Battery LOW No problem No problem Replace Main Processing Module Replace A/D Converter Module Replace A/D Converter Module

POWER DOWN

Power down mode

COMMUNICATION

S-ROM FAIL D-RAM FAIL S-RAM FAIL R-RAM FAIL RTC FAIL RTC BAT LO

Replace Main Processing Module Replace Main Processing Module Replace Main Processing Module Replace Main Processing Module Replace Main Processing Module Replace RTC Battery 1. Execute All Clear Event

I-VAL FAIL

Initial Value FAIL

2. Execute System Restart 3. Replace Main Processing Module

I-SET FAIL

Initial Setting Value FAIL Communication

1. Execute System Restart 2. Replace Main Processing Module

C-BD FAIL

Option Board FAIL

Replace Communication Module

COLD RST

Cold Restarted

No problem

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12.2. Malfunction Events


The following table of events describes the malfunction events available from the control and what they indicate. It also suggest steps to follow to assist in determining why the event was generated. Table12-2. Malfunction Events
EVENT DESCRIPTION POSSIBLE CAUSE RECOMMENDED ACTION 1 Connection state of control cable 2. control Box inside CN8 connection state check - Table 10-2 Control Cable - Figure 10-8 - Figure 10-9

- Figure 10-10 - Figure 10-16 Reference 3. control Box inside CN6 connection state check - Figure 10-8 - Figure 10-9

OPERATION FAIL

Operation Fail - Figure 10-10 Reference 1.That control switch point of contact check 2. control Box inside FUSE state check Etc.. - Figure 10-31 Reference 3. Replace Relay Module 4. Replace Recloser 1 Connection state of control cable 2. control Box inside CN1 connection state check Current measure - Table 10-2 - Figure 10-8 - Figure 10-9

Fail of current & Control Cable voltage measurement Voltage meaasure

- Figure 10-10 - Figure 10-16 Reference 1 Connection state of control cable 2. control Box inside CN2 connection state check - Table 10-2 - Figure 10-8 - Figure 10-9 - Figure 10-10 - Figure 10-16 Reference

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