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LEGAL RESEARCH AND THESIS WRITING First Semester, S.Y. 2013-2014 Atty.

Ram Ramos OVERVIEW OF THE PHILIPPINE LEGAL SYSTEM Stare Decisis o El Pueblo Filipinas vs. Marcaida [GR No. L-953, 09/18/47] o Tala Realty vs. Banco Pilipinas [GR No. 137980, 06/20/00] o Tan Chong vs. Secretary of Labor [79 Phil. 249 (1947)] Res Judicata o Agilent Technologies vs. Integrated Silicon Technology [GR No. 154618, 04/14/04] o Cayana vs. CA [GR No. 125607, 03/18/04] o Urabana Velasco vs. Peoples Homesite [GR No. L-39674, 01/31/78] Law of the Case o Argel vs. Pascua [A.M. No. RTJ-94-1131, 08/20/01] o Buaya vs. Stronghold [GR No. 139020, 10/11/00] o Solid Manila Corporation vs. Bio Hong Trading [GR No. 90596, 04/08/91] o JM Tuason vs. Mariano [GR No. L-33140, 10/23/78] o Uy Lee vs. CA [68 SCRA 196, 11/28/75] Finality of Decision o Echegaray vs. Secretary of Justice [301 SCRA 96, 01/19/99] o Buaya vs. Stronghold [GR No. 139020, 10/11/00] Parts of a Case o Ratio Decidendi - Mercado vs. People (G.R. No. 149375, 26 November 2002) - Suntay vs. Cojuangco-Suntay (G.R. No. 132524, 29 December 1998) o Obiter Dictum - People vs. Macadaeg (G.R. No. L-4136, 28 May 1952) o Dispositive Portion - Manalang vs. Rickards (G.R. No. L-11986, 31 July 1958) - Peoples Homesite and Housing vs. Hon. Ericta (G.R. No. L-40675, 17 August 1983) - Brother Mike Velarde vs. Social Justice Society (G.R. No. 159357, 28 April 2004) o Separate Opinion - Manotok, et al. vs. Heirs of Barque (G.R. Nos. 162335 & 162605, 13 February 2009) o Dissenting Opinion - Coca Cola Bottlers Philippines, Inc. Sales Force Union-PTGWO-Balais vs. Coca Cola Bottlers Philippines, Inc. (G.R. No. 155651, 28 July 2005) - Ruiz vs. Ucol (G.R. No. L-45404, 07 August 1987) - Tolentino vs. Ongsiako (G.R. No. L-17938, 30 April 1963) Principle of Hierarchy of Laws - Boracay Foundation Inc. vs. Province of Aklan (G.R. No. 196870, 26 June 2012)

Doctrine of Operative Fact - Union of Filipino Employees vs. Vivar (G.R. No. 79255, 20 January 1992) - League of Cities of the Philippines vs. COMELEC (G.R. No. 176951, 24 August 2010) Prospectivity of Laws - Article 4, Civil Code - Erectors, Inv. vs. NLRC (G.R. No. 104215, 08 May 1996) - PNB vs. Tejano, Jr. (G.R. No. 173615, 16 October 2009) o Exceptions: - Curative Laws Frivaldo vs. COMELEC (G.R. No. 120295, 28 June 1996) - Emergency Laws Valencia vs. Surtida (G.R. No. L-17277, 31 May 1961) - Penal Statutes U.S. vs. Soliman (G.R. No. L-11555, 06 January 1917) - Remedial Laws Alday vs. Camilon (G.R. No. L-60316, 31 January 1983) Substantive Laws vs. Procedural Laws - Bustos vs. Lucero Main Decision G.R. No. L-2068, 20 October 1948 Resolution (Justice Tuason) 81 Phil 648, 08 March 1949 - First Lepanto Ceramics, Inc. vs. CA (G.R. No. 110571, 10 March 1994)

BASIC REMEDIAL LAW Jurisdiction and Venue o Definition of Jurisdiction - Navales vs. Abaya (441 SCRA 393) - Cuenca vs. PCGG (535 SCRA 102) - Cang vs. CA (296 SCRA 128) o Original and Exclusive Jurisdiction - Cubero vs. Laguna West Multi-Purpose Cooperative, Inc. (G.R. No. 166833, 05 December 2006) Concurrent Jurisdiction - Lim vs. Vianzon (G.R. No. 137187, 03 August 2006) Katarungang Pambarangay - Secs. 399-422, Chapter 7, Title One, Book III, Local Government Code (R.A. No. 7160) - Supreme Court Administrative Circular No. 14-93 - Guidelines on the Katarungang Pambarangay Conciliation Procedure - Zamora vs. Heirs of Izquierdo (443 SCRA 224) - Aquino vs. Aure (546 SCRA 71) - Chavez vs. CA (453 SCRA 483) - Vidal vs. Escueta (417 SCRA 617) Doctrine of Primary Jurisdiction - Palma vs. Mora (470 SCRA 711) - Fabia vs. CA (388 SCRA 574) - Omictin vs. CA (G.R. No. 148004, 22 January 2007)

Doctrine of Continuity of Jurisdiction - Bantua vs. Mercader (350 SCRA 86) - Aruego, Jr. vs. CA (254 SCRA 711) - San Miguel Corporation vs. Sandiganbayan (340 SCRA 289) Jurisdiction Over the Subject Matter - De la Rama vs. Mendiola (401 SCRA 704) - De la Cruz vs. CA (510 SCRA 103) Jurisdiction Over the Parties - Davao Light and Power Co., Inc. vs. CA (204 SCRA 343) - Ang Ping vs. CA (310 SCRA 343) Venue - Rule 4, Rules of Court - Heirs of Lopez vs. De Castro (324 SCRA 591) Actions - Section 3(a), Rule 2, Rules of Court - "Action" vs. "Suit" - Lopez vs. Compania Seguros (16 SCRA 855) - People vs. Godoy (243 SCRA 64) - Actions In Personam, In Rem, and Quasi In Rem - Domages vs. Jensen (448 SCRA 663) Causes of Action - Section 2, Rule 2, Rules of Court - Elements of a Cause of Action - Philippine National Construction Corporation vs. CA (514 SCRA 569) - Administrative Cases - Mutia vs. Pacariem (494 SCRA 448)

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