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Chapt 3 through Carbohydrates 1.

Organic molecules have a carbon backbone and _____ such as -OH and -NH2 that affect their chemical properties. A. extension groups B. R groups C. chemical groups D. functional groups 2. These biological compounds are non-polar and insoluble in water: A. lipids B. proteins C. carbohydrates D. nucleic acids 3. The covalent bonds connecting monomer units in sugars can be formed by the removal of a water molecule. This reaction is referred to as: A. a hydrolysis reaction. B. an oxidation-reduction reaction. C. a dehydration reaction. D. a condensation reaction 4. This atom in its unbound state has four valence electrons. These electrons readily form single, double, and even triple bonds among themselves to become stable. This atom is: A. nitrogen. B. hydrogen. C. oxygen. D. carbon. E. phosphorus. 5. Macromolecules are broken down to monomers in ___ A. hydrolysis reactions. B. anabolic reactions. C. denaturation reactions. D. dehydration reactions. 6. Macromolelcules have A. A carbon backbone B. Functional groups attached C. A and B D. Only A 7. The simplest and the most common monosaccharide is a six-carbon sugar called: A. galactose. B. lactose. C. cellulose. D. glucose. E. sucrose. 8. The formula C6H12O6 is a/an A. Saccharide B. Monosaccharide C. Polysaccharide D. Isomer

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9. All but which of the following are major classes of organic compounds/molecules? A. Sugars B. Proteins C. Lipids D. Nucleic acids 10. Organic acids can be identified by their A. Low pH B. Attached OH group C. Carboxyl group D. High molecular weight 11. C2H6 is called Ethane, but add an OH in place of one of the end Hs and it is called A. Ethelyene B. Maybellene C. Oxyethane D. Ethanol 12. The structure shown is

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A. Propane B. Carbon tet C. Methane 13. The name of this molecule is

D. Ethene

A. Butane B. Ethane 14. The molecule shown is

C. Methane

D.Iso-Propane

A. Carbon tri-ethane 15. This is a molecule of

B. Methane

C. Butane

D. Hank Hills favorite

A. Methane B. Buanol

C. Propanol

D. Methanol

Use these diagrams to answer the next three questions.

A.

B.

C.

D.

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16. A carboxyl group is shown at letter A. B, C. D. 17. The functional group shown at letter A is a/an A. Hydroxyl B. carboxyl C. phosphate A. B. D. Carbonyl C. D. Not shown

18. Butane is shown at letter

19. Monosaccharides can have how many carbon atoms? A. 4 B.5 C.6 D.All

20. Which atoms would you expect to always find in any organic compound? A.C,H B.C,O C.C,H,O D.C,H,O,N 21. In a dehydration reaction involving glucose, one would expect to find how many water molecules produced when four molecules of glucose are used? A.4 B.2 C.8 D.6 22. C6H1206 + C6H1206- A. C12H22O11 + H2O

B. C12H22O11 + 2H2O

C. C12H20O10 + 2H2O

D.None

23. The picture below illustrates what property of water? B.surface tension C. specific heat capacity d. homogenity

24. The food storeage molecule in animals is A.glucose B.cellulose C. starch D. glycogen

A. cohesion

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