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GRE Issue 1: As People Rely More And More On Technology - With A Free Essay Review

As people rely more and more on technology to solve problems, the ability of humans to think for themselves will surely deteriorate. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. In the era of advanced technology, technology has undoubtedly changed the way people live. With the use of calculators, people gradually get rid of mental arithmetic. Due to this fact, some people argue that the ability of humans to think for themselves will undoubtedly decline. This is because when relying excessively on instruments, people may hardly figure out the right number without calculators if the calculation becomes somewhat complicated. Admittedly, it is true that humans ability of calculation might diminish to some extent. However, technology decidedly facilitates humans to think deeply for themselves through freeing them from trivial things. This is an indisputable fact that with versatile and state-of-the-art computers, especially mainframe, scientists no longer take pains to deal with complex and numerous formulas. Therefore, these talented scientists can spend their time and energy in doing more meaningful things by avoiding being bogged down with trivial computations. For instance, engineers who major in aerodynamics, can use the latest computers to simulate how the attitude of airplane will change with respect to different levels of wind. Thus, due to the assistance of modern instruments, these engineers can focus more on how to design planes to fly more safely and efficiently. In contrast to the statement, we can see that people begin involving themselves in some more complex problems that did not occur in the past, which motivates humans to think assiduously for themselves. By utilizing technology, for example, people build large dams to store the water as well as preventing

devastating floods. However, this approach also has led to consequences people never thought of. The Three Gorges Dam in China is an excellent instance of this point. After construction of this huge and marvelous dam, some unpremeditated problems emerged, such as undue fluctuations in temperature in local areas and sediments and silt deposited excessively under on the bottom of the Yellow River. As a result, this phenomenon forced experts in China to contemplate whether altering the local topography might negatively influence climate and to what extent. Therefore, humans ability to think for themselves has improved rather than deteriorated In addition, technology also inevitably leads humanity to think of moral questions that did not appear in the past. One of the most profound and contentious moral questions is cloning. While cloning will definitely help sick people with deteriorating organs by cloning new ones, this technology is also likely to raise a debate of whether cloning is illicit or not. Will cloning finally crumple up our established morality, or must scientists stop doing research on cloning even if the advantages of cloning far exceed the disadvantages arising from this advanced technology? By answering these controversial questions, we, human race, are unquestionably engaged in thinking for ourselves. All the evidence put forward supports an unshakable conclusion that although some human abilities, such as computation, are slightly worse because of reliance on calculators, the ability of thinking is expected to improve rather than deteriorate. On one hand, people, especially sophisticated scientists, will have more time to focus on significant as well as knotty problems. On the other hand, new questions that pop up appear as a result of technology involve humans in more profound contemplation. ___________________________

To understand the most important characteristics of a society, one must study its major cities.

Societies and cultures are what we as human being always strive to dissect to shed lights on how and why we are the way we are. But how do we do this? Is there a systematic approach to such an elusive terminology as characteristics of a society? Arguably, a generalization approach of studying its major cities could be used but with precautions. What makes up a society? It is often used to refer to a collective body of human beings in a predefined realm, which in this case will be classified as a country. People in a country normally do not live clustered in an area but rather, scattered around though still grouped into what we called cities. It is in these big, major cities that the majority of people gather to live. If society is a collective body of people then the characteristics of a society should be the characteristics of the people it is made of. When a thorough study cannot be made throughout the whole country, it might be suffice to study a statistically significant number of people in order to make an assumption. If we keep in mind the survival of the fittest theory, big cities can sustain and prosper because it has certain values and characteristics that prevail and pervade. These characteristics of big cities are what we are looking for incharacteristics of a society. Promising though it may sound, this method is still a generalization and with all generalization, however statistically sound it can be, there are rooms for mistakes. To minimize this problem, a number of criteria should be satisfied before any study can be taken seriously. For example the cities studied must make up a significant part of the country in terms of population and be prominent in other social aspects. The people in the cities being studied must be representative of all classes of people, etc. There will be objections and criticisms but it is important to keep in mind that on issues like this, we can never get to an absolute truth. Attempts to arriv e at anything below the truth should actually be lauded.

Educational institutions have a responsibility to dissuade students from pursuing fields of study in which they are unlikely to succeed. Educational institutions have a responsibility to dissuade students from pursuing fields of study in which they are unlikely to succeed. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim. In developing and supporting your position, be sure to address the most compelling reasons and/or examples that could be used to challenge your position.

Agree. 1. Colleges have the most knowledge of actual job outlook, job trends, successful students. a. the average student will not know this. has limited view of world. b. Colleges should inform students. c. Colleges should take care of students. 2. They should prevent students from spending unnecessary time and money in a field they cannot succeed in. a. example) pre-med students who spend years trying to get into med school, only to be rejected by the colleges that advised them during admissions. b. shouldn't just take tuition, they should help open up career prospects.

Disagree. they shouldn't dissuade. 1. Colleges don't have a way of measuring a student's potential. a. students have hidden potential. michael jackson's high school coach fired him from the basketball team. 2. The definition of success is different with every person. a. sucess means money to some. financial stability b. success means a creative life to others c. success means being someone who can serve others

Stance. Educational institutions should dissaude student from studying fields he won't likely to succeed in. Education is a broad topic, one that means career preparation for some, and means exploration of new ideas and opening of the mind to others. Choosing the right education is important to success, making the education industry one of the largest in the country, and also one of the areas that have continuously grown even throughout times of recent times of recession. It is a given that educational institutions should provide their students with means to success. They use their resources to train and to education students to reach their highest potentials. So if an education institution, through its high level of experience with various types of students and with its knowledge of professional fields, finds that a student is unsuited to his pursuited field of study, then it should dissuade the student from that particular field. Of course, some might argue that educational instituions have no right to do persuade or dissuade students about their futures. After all, the idea of success is different to each person. Success can mean financial stability, a creative life, or the ability to be of service. What right do institutions have to decide success for a student? And how exactly can educational institutions know how to judge a student? Michael Jordan's high school coach considered him a horrible basketball player and failed him during tryouts. Students have hidden potential and no judge is perfect. Yet looking at the first argument, though the idea of success is different to each person, a basic tenet of success is satisfaction of a certain level of financial freedom and of contributing to society. If an educational institute sees that a student might have trouble fulfilling this basic need, then it should inform the student of other choices he has in his careeer. Also, though not all judges are perfect in their perceptions of their subjects, if a student has passion and the drive to succeed in his given field, then no amount of criticism will stop him. Michael Jordan would have become the number one basketball player whether or not his coach dissuaded him. In fact, perhaps because of this dissuasion he might have tried harder. If someone truly wants to do something, then he won't be affected by dissuasion from others. If, on the other hand, a person is timid about his future and uncertain, then a little guidance might be of great help. An important reason why educational instituions should help their students decide their courses of study is that they have the most knowledge of the real world of job prospects and cases of successful students. They have access to research, to past students, and to companies and organizations throughout the committee. They have a more accurate view of the real world of professional jobs. The student, on the other hand, though not in all cases, will most likely be less knowledgeable of the current world than the educational institution. The

student will probably be younger and therefore have less experience with careers and jobs, more likely to make decisions on faulty assumptions or on misevaluations of himself. Many students prepare for medical school by taking pre-med during their undergraduate years, their basis for preparation being vague dreams of being doctors or pressure from parents. However, if a student's capabilities are not toward the medical sciences, they should be afforded the resources to decipher this, if not actual counseling as to better career choices. Educational institutions should also prevent students from spending unnecessary time and money in a field they cannot succeed in. Costs of college are increasing every year, with graduate school becoming the norm. If students are investing so much of their time and money into an educational institute, that institute has a responsibility not to just provide them with a diploma but also to prepare them for their careers. There are pre-med students who spend years trying to get into med school, only to be rejected by the colleges that advised them during admissions. There are also colleges that are considered diploma mills by knowledgeable professionals, who accept students based on their ability to pay tuition, and who roll out diplomas and graduate students without taking responsibility for their futures. Because educational institutions have the most resources, connections, and knowledge, and because their students are investing important time and money into them, they must take responsibility toward their students by making sure they enter fields they can succeed in. If a student's characteristics prove he cannot be successful in his chosen field, the institution must provide him with the realisitic reasons why he is not suited and show him a better course of study

Scandals Are Useful Because They Focus Our Attention On Problems In Ways That No Speaker Or Reformer Ever Could. - With Free Essay Review

Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim. In developing and supporting your position, be sure to address the most compelling reasons and/or examples that could be used to challenge your position. Scandals sometimes can catch publics attention, and shed light on some issues that may be controversial and worth attention. However, I disagree with the statement that scandals can focus peoples attention on problems in ways that no speaker and reformer ever could, because it is possible that some speakers and reformers can focus publics attention effectively just like scandals do, and scandals may not always focus publics attention in a useful way. To begin with, I agree that under some circumstances scandals can focus our attention on problems in ways that no speaker or reformer ever could. Scandals sometimes make people curious, and encourage the public to look for the whole story of an issue. Scandals can also raise pressure on governments, and force them to address certain problems. In addition, scandals can direct publics attention to issues that some people are trying to dissemble or unwilling to reveal. For instance, especially in a society ruled by autocracy, or where the public does not have the right to speak freely, scandals can direct publics attention on problems that people are not allowed to discuss in public, and when it is risky for any speaker to speak in public. It is possible that scandals can place pressure on the government, and then the issue can be addressed in order to placate the public. In this case, scandals are useful since it directs publics attention on problems that no speaker or reformer ever could. However, this is not always the case. In domestic countries such as the US, where people have the right to speak freely, it is possible that some speakers or reformers can focus our attention on problems in ways that scandals can. For instance, Martin Luther King succeeded in focusing the publics attention on the issue of segregation, and unequal right for black people. He gave speeches in public, and advocated people to protest against segregation. Finally, he

successfully directed peoples attention on segregation, and forced that country to amend the unjustifiable laws. Therefore, I think it is possible that some outstanding reformers and speaker can focus peoples attention in a society where people have right to speak. In addition, even although scandals may focus publics attention on some problems, it is not always useful. Sometimes, scandals tend to focus on some trivial or unrelated issues about celebrities in ways that can mislead the public. For instance, we have heard many sexual scandals about many politicians, in some cases, these politicians may be competent in public office and good leaders, but people may start to distrust them or deny their abilities because of their misbehaviors in their personal life. In addition, we may hear some scandals like some politicians are alcoholic or rude to their friends, and these scandals can tarnish their images, and exaggerate the problems, which can possibly mislead the public, and ignore their contributions and talents. In this case, scandals are not always useful. Overall, I think under some circumstances, scandals can focus our attention on problems no speaker or reformer can. However, it is not absolute. I disagree with the statement that scandals can focus peoples attention on problems in ways that no speaker and reformer ever could. Further, scandals may not always useful.

Essay topic: Claim: Governments must ensure that their major cities receive the financial support they need in order to thrive. Reason: It is primarily in cities that a nation's cultural traditions are preserved and generated. The author concludes that the major cities should get more financial support because the cultural traditions are preserved and generated in these metropolises. However, personally, small villages may maintain more traditional factors. The support to culture protection should be combined in major cities and small villages. Furthermore, the spirits and other invisible aspects in cultural are also crucial to culture protection. To begin with, some culture factors in big cities are hard and expensive to be maintained. However, in small villages, the cost to culture maintenance will be considerable lower than in the big cities. For instance, all the hoary architecture need work in maintenance. In huge cities, the worker employee fees are higher and the real estate value are far more higher than small villages. Except for the economic considerations, the rare places in major cities may be used for better benefits, such as hospitals, schools and so on. Taking the large numbers of people in metropolis into consideration, these infrastructures may be more practical and exigent for residents. Therefore, when the same traditional buildings exist in huge cities and small villages, the culture protection in small villages maybe more economical and advisable. From another perspective, more cultural factors may be remained in villages than in cities. The cities are more vulnerable in battles than villages. The complex politic turmoil, often happened in huge cities, also has negative influences on the culture protection. In small villages, the calm and steady life style are better for culture protection. Some old architectures remain only damaged structure, due to the war. For instance, the temple in Athens, and the old summer palace in Beijing. However, in small villages, some old structures can avoid the war damage. Furthermore, more traditional factors, such as poetry, literature, and ballad, are inherited invisible, regardless of the area difference. These intangible factors are maintained in small villages easier than in cities, since the life style in huge cities are influenced by modern technology productions. For example, the

popular music concert may replace the Shakespeares poetry in cities. The novels, like Harry Potter, may replace the Bible story in childrens hands. The fast food and set meal may replace the traditional food in most cases. However, in villages, the music concert is often few, and traditional stories may be talk more, so that the old value and spirits may be inherited more in villages than in cities. The protection for these things doesnt need much financial support, but education and propagation. To sum up, both cities and villages have some kind of unique factor on cultural tradition. Small cities may contain more old culture factors in some aspects, and the invisible things need more attention and should be educated to next generation. The financial support may not that important comparing with the invisible propagation. In conclusion, if financial and other methods support are applied to cultural protection, the excellent tradition will be inherited for long.

Essay topic: A nation should require all of its students to study the same national curriculum until they enter college. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the recommendation and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, describe specific circumstances in which adopting the recommendation would or would not be advantageous and explain how these examples shape your position. The author claims that every nation should mandate a common curriculum for students until they join college.Every student should be given equal opportunity for education and also their performance should be fairly judged based on a common criteria. The proposal for a similar curriculum for all students will be beneficial in terms of evaluating individual performances of each student in a just manner.As students of each grade throughout the nation will be studying the same subjects in their academic courses,it will result in a fair evaluation of their performance.Most of the institutions choose subjects for their students independently without consulting other institutions or having a discussion on the subjects which should be included in the curriculum.Such disparity result in students in different institutions learning subjects which are not similar,and therefore not a equitable evaluation of each student's performance.A national curriculum will obviate this partiality towards students who scored well due to easy courses. Further,it will also provide students equal opportunity of studying subjects which otherwise would not have been part of their curriculum.As courses for each grade differ on institutional basis,some students are disbarred from courses which otherwise could be beneficial for their future.For example,consider a student who has the talent for arts,but due to no course related to arts being provided in his institution is denied the opportunity of exploring or growing his skill.A similar curriculum will mandate courses which are benefical for each student's development and at the same time provide each of them with equal opportunity of studying those courses. However,a common curriculum could also hamper a student's growth by restraining him to courses which does not include his choice of subject.For

example,a student who wants to learn music,but due to a nation curriculum enforced in his academic course,he will not able to learn subjects which are not included in the study,but are favourable to his future growth.A mandatory curriculum could turn out to be unfair in terms of not including courses which students could have the predilection for learning.But this injustice towards students could be avoided by including elective courses which student can choose based on their skill. In sum,a national curriculum is beneficial for students,so that no student is unfairly judged and each student avails to the benefiits of a holistic academic learning.

Some people believe that government funding of the arts is necessary to ensure that the arts can flourish and be available to all people. Others believe that government funding of the arts threatens the integrity of the arts. Arts depict the characteristics of a civilization and society, so, the preservation of all the art forms is of utmost importance. Government can help in preserving the integrity of arts by funding and subsidizing art related works. Arts are mostly non-profitable endeavors. Proper financial support to arts will ensure that, artist are able to develop their artistic skills and they get a proper platform for exhibiting their skills without any hardships. In developing and under-developed countries, the scarcity of financial support hinders the proliferation of arts. The artists are forced to choose alternative career options in which they can afford a standard of living. Such a scenario has a detrimental effect on the arts of a civilization. If the government provides an adequate financial support and encouragement, then the younger generations shall be able to find career options in arts. In most of the countries, museums and art galleries are funded by the government because they are subjects of national importance, likewise a particular skill set which develops an unique art forms such as plays, paintings, or music is of national importance and must be preserved. On the other hand, the government funding of the arts may threaten the integrity of arts, if the funding is prejudiced to some particular fields or subjects of arts. In Soviet Union era, government encouraged only those areas of arts which aligned to their political motives. This biased support led to ignorance of other areas of arts which did not developed in that era. In some countries, a particular forms of drawing or music are banned. So, if the government funding is biased towards different subjects of arts, then the overall development of the arts gets compromised, as the creativity of the artist is limited to produce arts with specific themes. It's the duty of the government to be unbiased towards all forms of arts and contribute to the overall development of arts. Summarizing the topic, government funding of arts is beneficial for the proliferation of arts, as it helps in preserving as well as developing arts. But, it may also affect the development, if government funding is concentrated to particular subjects , rather than overall all development of arts.

Essay topic: Claim: In any fieldbusiness, politics, education, governmentthose in power should step down after five years. Reason: The surest path to success for any enterprise is revitalization through new leadership. The author here claims that it is necessary to step down the people in power of any organization after a brief period of 5 years because he believes that the surest path to success for any enterprise is revitalization through new leadership. I disagree to the author's claim to a great extent but not completely. The explanation of my stand shall begin with the following question: Had Microsoft been such a huge organization had Bill Gates stepped down after a brief service of 5 years? Well the answer is NO. You look at any well established organization in the world like Apple, Tata Industries, etc, all have had a single leader over the years with the lower level being promoted from time to time. We all know what happened to Apple after Steve Jobs was sacked and what happened after he was reappointed. An age old adage goes as follows: EXPERIENCE IS THE BEST TEACHER. How will one gain experience if he has to abdicate his position after 5 years? An organization excels only if its employees are happy and to achieve this, it takes years to know what it takes to keep them happy. Also, with great power comes great responsibility and to be responsible enough it takes a prolonged interval of time. In case a person has to step down after a term of 5 years and he is at his peak at the time of abdicating, then that might be a heavy loss to the organization. The new successor will have to start from square one and in process learn all the tricks of the trade which will again require some time. Thus, this practice will result into a rise and fall pattern of the company. Just like we say that every coin has two sides, the above practice of prolonged leadership too has its negative consequences. This might result into dictatorship and the demolish of democracy. For example the General Parvez Musharaf of Pakistan withheld is power for over a decade and misused it. Another example of the same was Hitler.

Thus, in my view,the surest path to success for any enterprise isn't revitalization through new leadership. In fact, this is the best way to review a diminishing or a crumpling enterprise and not a established business, political or government field.

GRE Issue 9: It Is Impossible To Make A Significant Contribution Without First Being Strongly Influenced - With A Free Essay Review

PROMPT: "In any field of endeavor, it is impossible to make a significant contribution without first being strongly influenced by past achievements within that field." Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. I partially agree with this statement that in any field of endeavor, it is impossible to make a significant contribution without first being strongly influenced by past achievements within that field. It is true that under the influence of past achievements, one is more likely to make profound contributions to certain fields. Throughout history, many prestigious and prominent people, ranging from scientists to artists, reach great achievements due to the influence of past achievements. Newton, for example, is an excellent example of this point. By reading masterpieces of Galileo and learning the doctrine of Copernicus that earth is in orbit around the sun, he was not fettered by the religious advocacy that earth is the center of the universe and finally discovered the law of universal gravitation, which made significant contributions to physics. Even Newton himself claimed, If I have seen farther than others, it is because I have stood on the shoulders of giants. Thus, past achievements have a positive effect on later successors who make contributions within that field. However, even though a lot of contributions are made on the basis of precursors attainments, being first strongly influenced by past achievements is sometimes detrimental to successors, hindering their inspiration or preventing them from boldly establishing a new theory which contradicts pervasive theories. For instance, a famous Chinese painter, Qi Baishi, recruited some apprentices at the age of seventy. In order to impart painting skills to his apprentices, he let them imitate his paintings repeatedly at first. But later, after

his apprentices were skillful at painting, Qi immediately prohibited them from copying his painting any more. He argued that they were bound to learn mastery of painting by imitating his painting, but if they wanted to reach a higher level, creating fascinating masterpieces, imitation would undoubtedly suppress their inspiration and thoughts. Therefore, in some areas, if one is first strongly influenced by predecessors accomplishments, he/she can hardly get rid of this influence and create invaluable works since all their works are duplications of others. In addition, contrary to the statement, it is possible to make significant contributions with being influenced by past failures instead of achievements. Sometimes, people can also learn something meaningful from predecessors failure, such as what factors lead to failure and how to prevent them. In commercial fields, the famous dot-com Baidu creates its distinctive search engine. Compared to Googles search engine, the search engine of Baidu wins more Chinese peoples attention, because it is more suitable for them with respect to the language habit. Although Googles search engine is very powerful, it is poor at analyzing sentences typed by Chinese people. Being influenced by its rivals failure, Baidu overcomes this weakness and eventually wins more customers, making great contributions to Chinese netizens. In conclusion, although influence of past achievements makes successors possible to make profound contributions, being first strongly influenced by them may be detrimental to their inspiration and thoughts. Also, people can make contributions under the impact of others past failure.

Essay topics: Nations should pass laws to preserve any remaining wilderness areas in their natural state, even if these areas could be developed for economic gain.Write a response in which you discuss your views on the policy and explain your reasoning for the position The actions of the humankind during the past few decades, has by far made this time the worst period for our environment. We have polluted the air, the water and the soil, hunted countless animals, destroyed the ecosystem, and made wildlife impossible in many areas of the world. In short, we have ruined the natures hierarchy, and we have done it for one reason: we thought the progress in economy and industry is worth the sacrifice. But there was a point when some people saw that this is a malfunctioning cycle, and needs to be readjusted somewhere - nations should start paying attention to the environment, and since fixing the ruined jungles and forrests and other natural landscapes will probably take hundreds of years, we should take extra care of the remaining parts. Having all this in mind, the statement above is making a good point. Many people, from environmental activists to ordinary people who just care about the nature and wild life, would undoubtedly defend this statement and agree that governments should pass laws to preserve the remaining wilderness by any means possible. They would argue that the earth, the mother nature, has nourished us beyound our expectations, while in return we have torn it apart. Since no other organization would have the power to do so, it would logically be the goverments responsibility to pass laws to preserve the remaining wilderness, before they are occupied and destroyed by factories or incorporations seeking profit. But looking deeper down the statement, there are many things that should be defined before passing such rules. For example, there are for sure countries in africa wich can not provide enough food for their people, and have acres of wilderness areas preserved, because people are unable to use them properly. in this case, there should be groups of experts studying the area, to define the fine line between the areas that should be preserved, and the areas that could be put to use in order to provide peoples basic needs. The other case, are the national parks, which contrary to public beliefs do have economic gain. So not all economic gains should be considered against preserving the nature.

So, although I believe that nature should be preserved from those who plan to destroy it for economic gain, I think there are expectations to add to the above statement. While the nature should be preserved natural, we should understand that the people of today should be respected as much as the people of tomorrow. Environmental mottos and quotes sound very pleasing when they preach about keeping the nature for the future generations, but they largely forget that we are not providing enough food for the present population. Lets preserve the natural wilderness areas, but lets do it correctly.

Essay topic:

Issue-"people's behavior is largely determined by forces not of their own making."

The statement kept forward by the author speaks about the behavior of people, according to author people's behavior is not of their own making,rather people's behavior is largely determined by forces.I tend to agree with the statement presented by the author. Firstly,I would like to discuss regarding behavior. It can be defined in variety of ways in accordance with different perspectives,It refers to the actions and reactions of a person on a certain situation or condition.humans behavior is influenced by culture, attitudes, emotions, values, ethics, authority, hypnosis, persuasion, coercion and/or genetics. It shapes the way a person thinks and this in turn results in different human behaviors. Furthermore,Human is carried by his behavior.A child is always taught by his parents or elder people to behave properly as to make child able to react properly on certain situations and places.They are not their own making, In-fact they are the parents or other elder people who forces child behavior.In addition,it teaches child to handle or to tackle various difficulties which he will face in his life.For instance,if any child robs a pencil of his classmate,If his parents let him do that again without scolding or properly guiding the child.Then,robbing can become child's behavior and it will harness his future. Although,their are countless forces that drive our behavior,But at sometimes,it becomes necessary for behavior to be of own making.Take an example of a politician such as Narendra Modi,if he takes any decision by considering large forces rather than his own making,It might go wrong. Next,Their are positive as well as negative aspects of behavior driven by force.Lets take an example of team lead or manager of any company,he has to behave in a strict way to his employees rather then in lenient way,for the proper functioning of company.He is largely determined by forces.At this situation his behavior is not his own making.

To Summarize,People's behavior are very complex,We have to obey different laws and rules,Most of the times our behavior is driven by these laws rather than our own.They can be both positive and negative depending on both circumstances and time.

Essay topic:

Government should offer free university education to any student who has been admitted to a university but can't afford it

Every society wants to educate itself. But what if certain segment of society can not bear the cost of university education?, Will it be mistake of uneducated poor to give priority to bread over the education or will it be fault of society to keep them separate? As a society, one should support them to come and should offer free university education to any student who has been admitted to a university but can't afford it because if they remain weak, means as a society we remain weak. If they grow stronger, we grow stronger. Considering demographic expansion or the growing world population, which has grown from 2 billion to 10 billion in 200 years, if those people are left on street without education and treated as a burden then this demographic expansion will become demographic disaster,a disaster where uneducated youth will be a burden to society, which can go out of proportion any time in future causing chaos. However, if society educates them through a good university education, in 21st century where progress is dependent on the innovation. One can hardly refuse that we can solve the problems of the poor only if we can involve them in this journey, they understand the loopholes better which are effecting them. But if we won't offer this helping hand to them at this crucial moment, when they have been admitted to university education but can't afford it, then they might left out with no choice but to remain in the abyss of their own fears and may choose to commit crimes for feeding himself. Some may argue about the cost factor which will come on the society, but with the new computer technology and internet, the university education can be provided at cheaper cost. However, when the future is at stake, the cost plays little role. We must support them in their endeavor to get educated. Ultimately, from the bulk of evidence it can be concluded that it is very important to offer the free university education to any student who has

qualified and has been admitted to a university but cannot afford them otherwise we as a society has to face the demographic disaster in near future.

Essay topic:

Universities should require every student to take a variety of courses outside the student's field of study. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the recommendation and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, describe specific circumstances in which adopting the recommendation would or would not be advantageous and explain how these examples shape your position.

Universities is the almost one of the last stop in students life if they will not continue to further education. In this manner, universities should require one specific major rather than asking every student to take a variety of courses outside the student's field of study. Because, students' own field calls for big concentration to be successful itself. At first first glance, the statement seems reasonable that to make the student be successful in almost all field. However, University is one of the last education place in students' life, if the statement suggests us students should require variety of courses before their university education, then we agree with the statement. Hence, students should focus their own major, which require hard working and endurance at all time to be successful. Moreover, there are a lot field needs more commitment than other fields. Think about the fields of Engineering, Doctor. Engineering field students are always be in school with either attending to class or they have to join lab class. Furthermore, they have to finish their project in the meantime they have to be successful in their exams. And also, they have to join real companies to finish their intern job also. In the same way, medical school students also see real facts in their class, they have to join real surgeries, real cases in hospital. Hence, when we think their time, it always spends with their own field. Then how can universities require these students to take a variety of courses outside the student's field of study. Unfortunately there is no time for this commitment.

In contrast, some people may think that if universities should require every student to take a variety of courses outside the student's field of study. In this manner, they may think that students can be successful in diverse of fields. However, even one major splits to a lot of different departments after the second or third year. Lets say student's field is business school. After the second or third year this student has to choose one concentration graduation major like marketing, entrepreneurship, management, finance, accounting etc. Thus, it would be so confusing for students if they are required to take law classes, biology labs or medical classes as well. As a result of this they should focus on their own major. In conclusion, Universities should't be require every student to take a variety of courses outside the student's field of study. This option should be flexible, if students think they have time for other variety of courses then they should able to take those courses, otherwise it shouldn't be mandatory for every field of study.

Essay topic:

A nation should require all of its students to study the same national curriculum until they enter college.

Education indeed plays a very vital role in transforming an individual and provides him with basic qualities and adequate skillset which is required by him to led a good life ahead. Framing the national curriculum is a vital task for any nation as the future of students depends on what they have learn from their schools and colleges. The author here presents us with his viewpoint that a nation should require all its students to study the same curriculum irrespective of their interests until they enter college. Keeping the same national curriculum till school level will surely bring out uniformity in the education system and the pattern of grading, schooling and evaluation will be the same throughout. Uniformity and equality for all would be ensured in this case. For example the students studying in rural areas would not face any problems in education and schooling as they would get the same knowledge as compared to the students in big metropolis. They would have the same skillsets, knowledge, and equal opportunities to excel further in life as compared to the other students. For example if introductory course on computers is introduced as mandatory at the school level then all the students across the nation can be benefited, on the contrary to the students getting advantages due to their location and availability of resources. It will enable the nation to ultimately create a strong workforce of students capable of finding a much better future for them. Moreover ensuring a national curriculum would enable students to give only one single entrance test for their future college studies instead of giving several regional entrance tests for appearing to colleges of a particular state. That is the students can compete on a national basis. However there can be a situation where it is economically not possible for the nation to keep the uniformity in national curriculum particularly when the cost of the infrastructure required to support the institutions and the cost to keep the adequate standards of education are not met

by the budget of a particular state within the nation. Also, keeping the same national curriculum will leave the students bereft of knowledge about certain subjects which might have been taught only in certain states. For example there may be a social science subject at school level regarding the lifestyles and cultural heritage of a certain state which may not be of that much national importance and if the subject id taught only in that state then ensuring a national curriculum would not take into consideration the importance of that particular subject. Moreover the decision regarding the uniformity of the national curriculum may at times not be in a states favor. For example if many number of students appear to the colleges of a particular state only then the indigenous students of that state would find it difficult to compete with the extra talented crowd of the other states, and thus these students may have to leave their home states to find a college that meets their requirements. Thus this would be an unfair treatment for such students. Thus I would like to conclude that a national curriculum is necessary to ensure a spirit of competition among all the students of the nation but on the same hand a state must have certain regulations to modify the curriculum according to its needs to provide knowledge which cannot be given to the students in case of a national curriculum.

Essay topic:

135. Educational institutions should actively encourage their students to choose fields of study that will prepare them for lucrative careers. Write a response in which you discuss your views on the policy and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider the possible consequences of implementing the policy and explain how these consequences shape your position.

Usually, after school, especially the university, most of the people will step into the society to find a job. Education they have received sometimes can be a decisive factor on whether they can find a lucrative job and promote their status in society or not. For this reason, there is always a debate about whether students should be encouraged to select the study fields which can best serve to their future careers. As far as I am concerned, education, of university or college especially, should be comprehensive. Overly underlining on which side will result to disadvantages. Admittedly, education of university can be a turning point to most of the students. The fair chance that education endows students can help them step out of their limited background and moves toward success on their bare hands. Out of the pragmatic concerns, both educators and students sometimes may prefer the majors which seem to have the most potential career opportunity in the near future. Under the severely financial condition, students nowadays carry much heavier burden then before. It is so imperative that they need a fair job to support their living. However, taking college education based merely on this, whether they will finally realize their initial target is still questionable. The reason is that this is an instant changing society with the progress of globalization which means students need to be adaptive and wellrounded that will not be easily left behind. As a phase of enlightened and preparatory, the responsibility of university should be capable of providing a wide range of choices that support students personally, academically and also socially instead of focusing on specific career

skills training which is the aim of technical school. To educators, they should foresee the interrelationship among study fields and how this works in the future society to encourage their students make smarter choices in a long run instead of short-sighted ones. Like interdiscipline, means courses backing up each other and its wider range knowledge can be advantage to lead to breakthroughs in some vocation. For instance, neuromarketing, a new study field based on psychology and marketing theories, assisting company target its potential customers more accurately, has become a welcome trend for students who tend to be involved in business. Furthermore, talents and interests should be also taken into account when the educators give their suggestions to students on their study planning. Interest is always called "the best guider" which impels students' intrinsic motivation to constant craving for their expecting goals. Meanwhile, students' personal talents can be splendid additive on their study field, as well as their interests. Binding with these two factors, education will work to its extreme extend and students will become the direct beneficiaries. Mark Zuckerberg, the founder of Facebook, although he did not finish his university education, he still exemplified the miracle of the combination of education, talents and interests. He utilizes this strength to start a revolution to transform the conventional mode of communication among people worldwide which also brings to him billions of dollars and fame. It is Zuckerberg's talent and interest decide his career and even create a vocational field, not the career trends confines his destination. Therefore, the educators may suggest students to think over their hidden motivation and help them keep proactive on future planning. To sum up, education is to prepare students in a well-rounded range. Being pragmatic for the future career's concern should not be blamed, however, the educators must clear their mind on what is education and what is the thing that is most essential that students need for a better future.

Essay topic:

To understand the most important characteristics of a society, one must study its major cities. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position.

The major cities, usually leading the economic development, respect some aspects of the society characteristics, indeed. However, the society is a multidimensional and complex system. To understand a society, many other factors should be known about, such as festival, traditional culture and so on. To begin with, the major cities can delegate some aspects of the society. The economic is usually advanced in major cities, and the popular garments and culture in major cities will thrive in minor cities later. Not only these things, the modern life style is also leading by the major cities. For instance, the PayPal, eBay, Amazon and other electronic commerce services are used in the metropolis first, then with the development of fast express and other mature system, they are spread to minor cites. It is same to Facebook and twitter, which are first popular in higher education institute and collar worker. Therefore, it is somewhat reasonable that the major cities are representative in some areas. However, it should be noticed that society characteristics contain many other matters, which are more obvious in small villages than in the metropolis. For example, the traditional dietary habit is mostly maintained in the countryside. Due to the rapid life style and highpressure in metropolis, fast food and identical set meal are prosperous. To meet the different demands of people, who come from different areas in the world, the set meals in office buildings are usually normal and lack characteristics. In contrast, in villages, families usually have enough time and sufficient materials to prepare and cook the traditional food. Furthermore, the similar factors contain festivals, which remained significant in villages. Though the modern and popular

life styles are lead by major cities, the traditional and slow life characteristics are remained in small cities. These factors are also indispensable to understand a society. From another perspective, the society includes the huge cities and small ones, which should all be took into consideration. Though the major cities respect main trend in some aspects of the society, the number of the major cities are limited in one country. Even assuming that the influence of small villages on society is minor, the amount of the villages is huge. Because of this area and population advantage, the life and dressing habit in small cities may be more representative than in huge cities from the holistic views. To understand a society comprehensively, miscellaneous matters should be considered, the knowledge only about few major cities are not enough. Both huge cities and small villages need to be understood to know a society.

Essay topic:

A nation should require all of its students to study the same national curriculum until they enter college. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the recommendation and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, describe specific circumstances in which adopting the recommendation would or would not be advantageous and explain how these examples shape your position.

There are many reasons convince me to contradict this recommendation. Prior to conducting any scrutiny, the structure of a typical nation should be taken into consideration. Many states consist of diverse ethnic, religious, linguistic minorities that necessitates their specific considerations; therefore, the unified national curriculum does not satisfy their educational requirements. To establish a framework for this recommendation, in the first place, I aim to elaborate a particular multi-cultural, multi-religions and multilinguistics nation. Nowadays, the human rights charter demands all people to be treated equally without any racial segregation and ethnic discriminations. It signifies that all people regardless their colors, races, religions, languages and orientations should enjoy the full range of human rights. Thus, curriculum is not an exception; in a state with diverse minorities, various curriculums corresponding to their ethnic, religion and language requirements should be developed and implemented. Under this circumstance, all people would benefit the justice and equality so that they can be educated without any violation of their rights. However, there is no doubt, that in such condition, there would be the common educational materials which should be included in all various curriculums as they all live and serve under the same flag. As an individual grown up in a society where all minorities have been forced to study the similar curriculum until arriving at college, I have suffered from its flaws and weaknesses. Throughout education period, we never provided with subjects based on our mother tongue; it implies that we have been treated unfair because it can be considered

as a violation of one of our authentic rights. Furthermore, we never allowed to formally learn about our own religious rituals, historical background as well as our rich literature. In conclusion, the optimal manner to educate people is to firstly recognize their identity and requirements and then develop a curriculum which best match their condition. If a society is composed of various ethnic and religious classifications, the optimal condition is to consider their necessities from the birds eye view, otherwise their rights to the open and fair education is interfered with and subsequently negative consequences may occur in the future when people one day realize that they had been treated with bias and discrimination.

Essay topic:

The well-being of a society is enhanced when many of its people question authority.

A society is well- being when considers certain key factors to increase its citizenship's satisfaction. One of these main factors is authority that should be controlled carefully among different sections of societies. Giving freedom to members of society without consider special elements may lead to making an irreversible damage and destroyed the calamity of society. Before considering the term of authority, it is important to define the features of the great society because these terms (authority and the well being of a society) have close relationship with each other. The well being of a society is depend on particular factors that every government should take them into account and control their society at a right way. One of these factors is providing people with golden opportunity to have decent facilities in their countries and another is that paying attention to their healthcare problems. The other one is decreasing the rate of joblessness and increasing public transportation in order to enhancing peoples satisfaction. All of these factors are important and prerequisites of having a good society but if people do not have authority to express their feeling and complain about some rules, all of these appropriate features will be overlooked. Because people want to be freedom to talk about their problems and in some cases criticize about the performance of their political men. Question authority to adopt a significant strategy in order to tackle the problems is a mutual deal for both governments and people because the rate of rendering the best solution will be increased. People find better feeling about their government and their reliance on their political men at international events will be enhanced. For example, people who have authority to complain about the performance of their mayor in a small town would be able to govern their society twice as well as others who do not have freedom about electing their mayor. At the first case, people lay on their mayor whenever their city run into a problem and unite with each other to find a best solution as regard to have a good society. While at the second case, people have to respect

to their mayors rules and obligations which will eventually lead to looming domestic war. Although question authority has advantages for both people and governments, there are some disadvantages that cannot be overlooked easily. If the government does not realize the scope of authority and does not consider certain valuable component little by little society faces with several perilous situations in long term. For instance, in case that a mayor who offers authority for everyone and does not control them in a right way, it is more likely that someone try to abuse from their authority and make an irreversible damage. Someone thinks their authority provide them with opportunity to do any things that they want and follow their own sake. In conclusion, enhancing the well-being of a society has certain prerequisites that increasing the awareness of people about the scope of authority is one of them. People should be aware about their rights and question authority in a right way. If the government does not control the scope of peoples authority, someone disuse from their situations and destroy the reputation of society the entire world. Therefore, the well-being of a society is enhanced when the most proportion of its people consider key principles about their authority.

Essay topic:

Government should focus on solving the immediate problems of today rather than on trying to solve the anticipated problems of future.

Author claims that government should focus on solving current problems than on ancipated future problems. Government controls on society and they are the authorized persons to take decision about the society, So they should be aware of intricate level of problems in society and their consequences. Government should focus on current problems happening in society if they are harming to society extremely. Ex.If any contagious disease spreads among a country then it is very dangerous. It has to be controlled because it's effect cannot be controlled later on. It is better to look at current problems is to avoid problems in future.As we know prevention is better than cure.Because ignorance of today's will cause danger for future. For example Now-days In India many cities are developing drastically, it is good to have advancement but there should be consideration of environment also.It should be sustainable growth.Here many cities are making by huge construction buildings but what about people who were living on their land? They should have their own place to live as they were living happily. Also many chemical and other industries are growing so government should take action so that these industries will not violate environmental norms. Government should make actions on current issues like education growth among ountry.Because if people will not educated then what will be future of country?Country's growth totally depends on youth growth.They are the power of the country.So at this situation if country will think of future problems like hike in prices of fuel then it will not helpful for the future of the country itself. So government should make what is priority of our nation? In which ways we can build up our nation. However government should also careful about future plans also. It is always good to have some goals to achieve in future and what are the problems related to it?Government should also careful about

anticipated future problems as how are the neighboring country's relation with us? will it affect to our nation? What are the future global activities of nations so that government should make a position on a global level.Government should also crucial about research in future. If there will be less efforts from scientists then what are the solutions for it?It should be look out. Hence I conclude that government should focus on solving the immediate present problems rather than trying to solve anticipated future ones as on present problems future of country depends.So it's better to solve in present condition.

Essay topic:

Some people believe that college students should consider only their own talents and interests when choosing a field of study. Others believe that college students should base their choice of a field of study on the availability of jobs in that field. Write a response in which you discuss which view more closely aligns with your own position and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should address both of the views presented.

Choosing a field to study in college is a one of the most important decision in one life, when one need to have at least general idea about their future job would be because it is in the college when one can prepare best for their future job. So, what is the criteria for choosing the field to study in college or most of the case, choosing your career? Some only consider their own talents and interests while for others, availability of the job or the ease of finding a job after graduation is the most important aspect to look at. In my opinion, interest and own talent are all-important aspects in choosing the field of study in college, while the availability of the field is only of second importance at to redefine a general field to the specific mainstream and career. Every field of study as well profession is like a game with its own rules, and you have to be equipped with ability, skills, strong determination in order to win against a lot opponents. Such abilities is your talent and the necessary skilled is only gained through you hard work with strong incentives; so with both talent and interest, you have a good start to win the game, the rest is your hard work and, in some cases, luck. Besides, studying in the field you desire can bring about satisfaction and thus motivation in your day in and day out in colleges, and later on in your future career. On the other hand, choosing a field of study base merely on job available in that field without consideration of you interest and talent is no different from preparing for a game with low competition but at the same time you have little advantages, because either you are not as genius as other people in this field or you have not tried hard enough for it due to low interest? In addition, it is a long time when

you first enter the college to the time when you graduate and apply for the job, many changes can happen during such long period and it is unlikely that the field which had once plenty of job still remains the same. The factor of job availability may play a more important role in deciding between several interested fields or in later stage when you have to choose specific mainstream in the last two years of your college. In conclusion, only in your interested field, you can feel enjoyable and have incentives to strive for being the best in college study, which is an essential attribution for your future career with success and enjoyable. However, the availability of the job is also one of many aspects to look at for redefining from a general field to the very specific streamline.

Essay topic:

Laws should be flexible enough to take account of various circumstances, times, and places.

Laws are strictures that are made and practised so that people in a region live in complete harmony and peace, with independence and rights, without encroaching on the same of others. Hence, laws are indispensible for sustaining a society; in absence of law, there is complete anarchy, mayhem and destruction. Additionally, for a law to be fair and just, it should be impartial and unbiased. Hence, law should also be rigid and inflexible, not giving in to circumstances, times or places. Though it seems that since the nature of crimes vary and the extent to the maliciousness of the convict also varies, therefore the judgment on the fate of the guilty should too. While a rich man may steal something merely for the joy of it, a poor man may do the same for his existence. Hence, more compassion should be shown towards the poor man in determining his fate, while a rich person should be taught a lesson. However, it would be wrong in doing so. The next time, the poor man would take the liberal outlook as his right to steal and his impecunious as his armor for shielding against punishment. This explanation would be more apparent if the crime is a murder. No matter who commits a murder, the punishment should be the same. Having said that, there are other exceptions to the above stated point. One might think that having such absolutes is wrong, as one cannot give same punishment to a person who kills in self-defense. Of course, it is true, but then the law should be able to distinguish between the same, and should not resolve the same by flexibility. Hence, while framing laws, they should be framed with utmost attention keeping in mind all possibilities that might prove the law too strict or too lenient. Additionally, if the law changes for different circumstances, then the powerful elite would use the same for their own benefit. From time and again, we have seen examples wherein a tyrant or ruler pardons himself or his beloveds from any form of punishment. This is so,

because the law changes according to the whims of a ruler and is not rigid. Laws should be flexible with time, only to change and adapt to the present needs. Looting is not fair whether it is done during a famine or in good times. Hence, looting should be seen with the same repulsion in both circumstances. However, laws which prevented drivers to drive above a certain speed limit need to change considering that new automobiles are much faster and safer than earlier. Hence, of though a law should change with time, the value attached to it should not. For instance, in the latter example, breaking the speed limit should have the same fine for everyone alike. Laws are made and brought into practice for serving the people in an unbiased manner and to promote what is fair. Making them mutable, would bar them from serving the very purpose they were made for. Only by being immutable and insensitive to variations in circumstances would a law be fair and fruitful