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U.S.

Geological Survey Open-File Report 97-470-K


900'0"W 850'0"W 800'0"W 750'0"W 700'0"W 650'0"W 600'0"W

Atwater Valley Jacksonville Canyon


Tpm Q

Gulf Cenozoic OCS 5097

Little Bahama Bank Mississippi Fan


Q

Great Abaco Canyon

United States

Florida Peninsula 5050


s Sigsbee E

Little Abaco Canyon

Map Showing Geology, Oil and Gas Fields, and Geologic Provinces of the Caribbean Region
Digitally Compiled by Christopher D. French and Christopher J. Schenk
Introduction This map was created as part of a worldwide series of geologic maps for the U.S. Geological Survey's World Energy Project, available on CD-ROM and through the Internet. The goal of the project is to assess the undiscovered, technically recoverable oil and gas resources of the world. For data management purposes, the world was divided into eight energy regions based on political boundaries and corresponding approximately to the economic regions of the world as defined by the U.S. Department of State. Region Six encompasses the Caribbean area, Central America, and South America. Geologic maps were compiled for South America on Open-File Report 97-470-D. Countries listed below are shown whole or in part within the map extent: Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Martinique, Mexico, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panama, Puerto Rico, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands, United States, Venezuela, and the Virgin Islands. An index map in the lower left-hand corner shows the study area in a world context. The world was previously divided into geologic provinces for the World Energy Project, of which a subset is shown on the map. Each province has a set of geologic characteristics that distinguish it from surrounding provinces. These characteristics may include dominant lithologies, the age of the strata, structure, or other geologic features. Each province is assigned a unique number and may fall within two or more countries or assessment regions.

c ar p m

e nt

a Ca

Tpm

nyon

Gulf Mesozoic OCS 5098

Miami

250'0"N

Grea t

Bah am

Jacksonville Knoll

The Bahamas

Nios Knoll Bahama Escarpment Coln Seamount Nios Valley

Mexico Basin

Salvador Ridge San

a Oce f t he ue o Tong
gh rou nT

Pinzn Knoll Quintero Knoll

Ex

um aT rou gh

Sigsbee Deep Jordan Knoll

Cay Sal

Vema Knoll Nares Abyssal Plain

Great Bahama Bank

Vema Gap Camaron Knoll

Havana
g Kv lT J

Kv uK

Bahama Platform 6119


uK uT g Und Q TKx J Kv Mzb u Und Mzm Q

Alb

s atro

nk Ba

u J lT uK g uT Q

Cuba
Q uT uT J lT uK Kv Ki u

Diana Bank
Q

Campeche Bank

g lT

TKx

Yucatan Platform 5308

Q Kv Mzm J uT Q J

Mzg Q uT Q Ki u Ki uK g lT uT uT Q

Gentry Bank

Hogsty Reef
Kv

Jagua Bank Silvertown Bank

Brown Bank

Silver Knoll

Turks and Caicas Islands


Und Ki g u Kv uK Q

Arro wsm ith

Ban k

Greater Antilles Deformed Belt Kv 6117


uK uT

Caicos Bank

Merida
Q

Clarion Bank
u Kv
J

Moucho Bank

Additional information regarding the map compilation and data can be found on the CD-ROM for USGS Open-File Report 97-470-K entitled "Map Showing Geology, Oil and Gas Fields, and Geologic Provinces of the Caribbean Region." In addition, it is available online at: http://certmapper.cr.usgs.gov/pubs/servlet/PubBroker?issue=ofr97470k
Silver Bank Dos Nios Knoll

Q Ki uK u

Q Tpm Tpm

J uT g lT TKv

Yucatan Basin 6123


Yucatan Basin

Pickle Bank

g TKv uT Mzm Mzm TKi lT u Kva Mzg Kv QTv Kv v Ki Kva Q uK v v Tv Kv uT lT


QTv

Mzg uT

Hispaniola Trough Navidad Bank

Various software packages were used to create this map including: Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc. (ESRI) ArcGIS 8.3, ArcInfo software, Adobe Photoshop CS, Illustrator CS, and Acrobat 6.0.
Puerto
Rico
Trench

200'0"N

uT Kva

uT

Kva

Mzb uT lT

Q QT Tv

Trou g

San Juan Canyon

Molinos Canyon

Ku Mzg Mzb

Misteriosa Bank
Q

Mameyes Canyon

Mona

Ca

rench yman T

lTv

Und Ki
Kva

Mz TKi uT

Mona Seamount Engano Canyon

Cayman Islands

Mzb

e e

Mo

Villahermosa Uplift 5305

Te

Mexico

Cayman Ridge
Q QT

uT Ku

Puerto Rico Trench Amphit 6118 heatre


Sp
Mz Mzm

Explanation of Map Units and Symbols


Sedimentary Rocks Volcanic Rocks Intrusive Rocks Metamorphic Rocks

Haiti

Ki

na

Maimon Basin

ur

Spur

heatr mphit

e Esc

arpme

nt
a gad Ane
QT

e Ridg

Qv

Dominican Republic
Q

Loiza Canyon

Ku

br e r o Som

Trough

Q
k
n Ba k

Quaternary alluvium

Qv

Quaternary volcanic edifices, flows, and pyroclastic deposits Quaternary pumice fills and pyroclastic mantles Quaternary and Tertiary volcanic edifices, flows, tuff, silicic pyroclastric and volcanic epiclastic rocks Quaternary and Tertiary volcanic and continental sedimentary rocks Tertiary volcanic rocks

Ti

Tertiary plutons, mostly intermediate to silicic

Km

Cretaceous metasedimentary and metaigneous rocks, low to intermediate metamorphic grade Mesozoic metasedimentary and metaigneous rocks, low to intermediate metamorphic grade Mesozoic amphibolites and associated metasedimentary rocks Mesozoic metavolcanic and associated metasedimentary rocks Mesozoic and Paleozoic metasedimentary and metaigneous rocks Paleozoic and Precambrian metamorphic rocks, undivided Precambrian metasedimentary and metaigneous rocks, undivided Precambrian metamorphic rocks of low grade Precambrian quartzofeldspathic gneiss, ferruginous quartzite, and banded biotite gneiss Precambrian metasedimentary and metavolcanic rocks Precambrian amphibolite and associated metasedimentary and metaigneous rocks Precambrian granulite, migmatitie, and iron-formation

Port-au-Prince
Chinchorro Bank Rosario Bank
Q uT lT Q Ki

Kv

lT

uT Q

Tv lT

T Kva

Mzb

Formigas Bank
uT lT Ki Kv

lT

Kva

Und Kv lT

Santo Domingo
uT

British Virgin Islands lTv


TKv K K Q lTv lKv Tv

Tv

United Kingdom alliwana M


Rid ge

Ban
g An

uT

Navassa Island

Kv

uK Q

Puerto Rico
Kv lTv Ti T u

Q uT

San Juan
lTv Ti Ki lKv

lT

Q lT lT uT

Kv

Kingston u uK
Tv Ti

Yuma Trough

Macuspana Basin uT 5306

Jamaica uK

T Kv

uT

Cayman Trough 6120

uT Jx QT

Kv TKi

e An

ga

aG

ap

Cr

Ba ocus

nk

a uill

Anguilla
QT

rt To

ola

t Tin

am

S rre

pu

r
y

Qcb

Quaternary carbonate deposits Quaternary and Tertiary marine limestone, sandstone, and shale

Qvi

TKi

Tertiary and Cretaceous plutons, mostly intermediate to silicic

Mzm

Anguillita Spur

Netherlands
Q lTv lT

Ba St.

rth

lle Va my

QT
! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !

QTv

Ki

Cretaceous plutons, mostly intermediate to silicic

Mzb

Des cheo

Tv

New Bank Blossom Bank

Whiting Terrace

Virgin Islands Trough


K uT

Jagey Spur

aV alle y

Guayanilla Canyon

Investigator Canyon Whiting Seamount St. Croix Ridge

Virgin Islands
g Q lTv

ig u

Sp

K uK lT

Ant

uT K uK lT lT K Tv uK K

Belmopan
Pzi K lT uT lT lT lT lT JTr TK Q K Tc K J J Pzm Pz K i Qv Pzm
Pz

Muertos Trough
na Amonha Valley

uT

Va lle

K uK

Pz

da

ey

lm

Qv

ou

Maya Mountains Pzi 6125


Pzv i TKi Qv Pzm

Fa

d Re ra ser M ont

Montserrat

Ba

Tplv

nk

Explorer Tablemount

Tmov

Ma

no

Lighthouse Reef

Cayman Ridge 6121

Walton Bank

Qv Tplv

Saint Kitts and Nevis Antigua and Barbuda

fW ar

uT

lT

lT

lT

Belize

lT

Q Q

Kingston Bank

Albatross Bank

Ka Neogene Volcanic Belt llin ag 6108 o Q Tro u


Saba

QTc
! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! !

! ! !

!! ! !

Quaternary and Tertiary continental deposits

QTvc

Mzi

Mesozoic plutons, mostly intermediate to silicic

Mzg

ur

y Valle

! !

! ! ! !

! ! ! !

! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !

! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !

! ! ! !

gh

Animal Banks

! !! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !

QT

! ! !

! !

! !

! ! !

! !

Tc
! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! !

! !

! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !

! ! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !

North Caribbean Deformed Belt 6116

! !! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! !

Tertiary continental strata

Tv

Pzi pCd

Paleozoic plutons, mostly intermediate to silicic

MzPzm Pzm

Valle y

Saba Bank

! !

! ! !

! !

! !

! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !

! ! ! !

Tertiary marine strata

Tplv

Pliocene calc-alkaline volcanic rocks Pliocene and Miocene andesitic flows and associated volcanic rocks Miocene and Oligocene volcanic rocks Eocene and Paleocene volcanic flows and associated pyroclastic and volcanogenic sedimentary rocks Tertiary and Cretaceous volcanic rocks

Precambrian diabase sills and dikes. Ages 1,500 - 1,750 m.y.

Pedro Bank

on

all tV

Tpm
alle hV y

Pliocene and Miocene strata

Tva

pCg

Precambrian granitic rocks. Ages 1,800 - 3,140 m.y.

pCm

on s Apr t Ave Wes

Valle y

Glover Reef
u

Fa

ut lmo

oire

e-N

idge

ani

Se rr

Papag a

JTr

K K

TK TK Tc Pz u Q K Ki Q Pz Pzi Pzm TKc Pzm i TKi Und K K TK J Tc TK QTv Tv Qv Qvi Tva QTc Q Tv Ki Pzm TKi Mz Q QTv uT Q Q Tc Tv TKi Tv TK Qv Tv K K Pzm TK Tv QTc Q Pzm Q TKi TKi K Pzm QTc

Alice Gap

Alice Shoal

yos R

Pijao Bank

lla

Ga

Sierra Madre de Chiapas-Peten Foldbelt Q TK lT 5310

Lightning Bank Niobe Seamount

Rosalind Bank Nicaragua Rise

Kahouanne Hole
Qv Q

La D

esir

y alle de V
Esca

Lesser Antilles Deformed Belt 6107


nt rpme

th

To

Oligocene strata

Tmov

pCi

Precambrian granitic rocks. Ages 1,000 - 1,550 m.y.

pCmv

Ro sal ind Sa dd

uT

Poin t

Tc

Diriangen Bank

e La D

e sirad

Te

Eocene strata

lTv

pCum

Precambrian ultramafic rocks

pCgn

ni V alley

le

Tmov

Guadeloupe
QTv uT

Beata Ridge

S -Terre Basse
Mariner Ridge

pur
ort

uma

JTr PzpCu Pzm

Pz K J

Guatemala
u J u K J u Pz i J u TKc MzPzm i Qvi Tv Qv Mzm u MzPzm K Pz J

Pzm

Serranilla Bank
dg Ri e

-F ux Vie

u Sp

uT
Ma rie -G ala
! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! !! ! ! !! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! !

Post-Eocene marine strata

TKv

pCsv

Capucin Canyon

Cur

Dominica
Tv Qv

nte

! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! !

! ! ! !

Ca

ny

on

uTc
! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !

! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! !

Post-Eocene continental strata

Rocks of Unknown Age


Kv Cretaceous volcanic rocks i Intrusive rocks, undivided, mostly intermediate to silicic pCa

e Su

Chia Seamount

i Tv Qvi

South Nicaraguan Rise 6115

i i

150'0"N

Chiapas Massif-Nuclear Central America K K 6122 Tv TK


Tv

Ubate Seamount

Venezuelan Basin 6110

Golondrina Seamount

Gaviota Knoll

lT

Eocene and(or) Paleocene marine strata

Kva

Cretaceous andesitic to silicic volcanic rocks Lower Cretaceous flows, breccia, and tuff, partly of marine deposition Jurassic volcanic rocks, mostly andisitic to silicic Mesozoic flows and small plutons, mostly intermidiate to silicic Mesozoic volcanic and sedimentary rocks
! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !

pCl

North Nicaraguan Rise 6114

TK
Nuqui Knoll
QTv Tplv Qv

Tertiary and Cretaceous marine strata


! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! !! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !

lKv

Ultramafic rocks

Honduras
TK Q TK
TKi

Tv J TKi K Pzm Ti Ti Mz QTc

Martinique
! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !

!!

! ! ! !! !

! ! ! ! ! ! !

! ! !

Qv

i Pz

Guatemala TKc
Tv

Tv Qv

Q J

Pzm Q Tv K Pzm K Mz

Aracataca Hill

Tunebos Spur Turnaco Hills Serrana Bank

Beata Ridge 6111

Tmov Q

! !

TKc
! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !

! ! !

!!

Tertiary and Cretaceous continental strata Tertiary and Cretaceous complex of deformed sedimentary rocks Cretaceous marine strata

! ! ! !

!!

Jv

Gabbro and related rocks

Intrusive and Metamorphic Rocks

!!

Am

Q Qv Tv

bal

ena

Tegucigalpa

Tc Tc

Ga

TKx
Venezuela Basin Colombia Basin

San Agustin Valley Calima Seamount

Tro u

Cu n

San
Tva

SalvadorQTv

El Salvador
Qvi QTv Q

Tva

TKi

TKi

as

Mz

Huitoto Trough

Ti

Quitasueo Gap

Musicas Hole

Aves Ridge 6109


Aruba Gap

Grenada Back-Arc Basin 6126

Mzva

Und

Undetermined

PzpCu

Paleozoic and Precambrian igneous and metamorphic rocks, undivided Precambrian igneous and metamorphic rocks, undivided Eclogite

Tmov Tplv Qv

gh

K
Saint Lucia

Mzv

pCu
! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !

Roncador Spur Roncador Bank Roncador Canyon

Ku

Cretaceous sedimentary and volcanic rocks

Arawac Hill

Pzv

Paleozoic volcanic rocks

! !

! !

! !

! !

! !

! !

! !

! !

! !

! !

! !

! !

! !

W
! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !

! !

! !

! !

! !

! !

! !

! !

! !

! !

! !

! !

! !

! !

! !

Water

Qv Q

QTc

Grenada Basin
Qv lT TBarbados

Tva

Ti Ti Q Tv Q

Providen

Middle America Province 6113


Nicaragua

lT QTc Tc

cia Troug

Nukak Hill Calarca Reef

uK
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Tplv QT

Upper Cretaceous marine strata pCv Precambrian silicic flows, tuffs, and ignimbrites

Courtown Rid ge

Aves Ridge

Jurassic marine and continental strata v Volcanic rocks Jurassic complex of sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic rocks Jurassic and Triassic marine and continental strata

Fault Descriptions
Fault - bar and ball on downthrown side (FDT) Fault - bar and ball on downthrown side - approximated (FDTA)

South Caribbean Accretionary Prism 6104


Saury Seamount Turmeque Reef
Ti Ki uT Km

Barbados Accretionary Complex 6127 Barbados Ridge


Tobago Basin

Jx

Nutibara Trough

Spur

Qv

Tv Tc

uT Tv

Aruba
K Kv TK lT Kv uT Mzb Q u Mzb Q u Mzm Q TKi Q uT Qv

Tmov uT

Other Symbols
Oil Field Centerpoint Gas Field Centerpoint City

Fault - bar and ball on downthrown side - speculative (FDTS) Fault - direction of relative displacement unknown (FU) Fault - direction of relative displacement unknown - approximated (FUA) Fault - direction of relative displacement unknown - speculative (FUS)
) ) ) )

JTr

le Am

erica

QTv

Tren ch
uT

Managua
Qv QTv

Ti

Wayu u

Midd

lT Q

alley Carex V Zipa Seamount

Columbian Basin 6112


Mono Rise

uT Km T

Pzm T

Pzi JTr

Netherlands Antilles
uT Pzi Mzm uT

Tmov

Barbados Basin

JTru

Jurassic and Triassic sedimentary and volcanic rocks

Grenada

Ti

lT

Q QTv K lT lT

Tv Q T Ti Km Pzm

Guajira Basin 6095

pCu

Kva K

Tobago Trough 6103

Mz

Mesozoic sedimentary and volcanic rocks


Country boundary

Inferred zone of underthrusting - teeth on upper plate (IZU) Reverse or thrust fault (RTF) Reverse or thrust fault - approximated (RTFA) Strike slip or transform fault (SSTF)

) ) ) ) ) ) ) )

Mzb T Mzi Q Q K lT Mzi


Q

MzPz
u K Mzb

Mesozoic and Paleozoic marine and continental strata

Geologic province

Pacific Offshore Basin 6088

JTru uK

Barranquilla
u Und Qvi Q Ti Qvi Q Q Qv Qvi lT

Mzi Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta 6105

Clark Basin
uT Ki Pzi Mzi Jv Pz uK K MzPz pCm Ki Kva Pz pCu

Falcon Basin 6100


Mzb uT u uT lT Km u Mzi
Mzb

Bonaire Basin 6101


uT uT

Mzm uT Q Ki QT Mzi Mzm Km K K lT uTc uT TK K uT T Mzm Km K Q K TK u lT

Pz

Paleozoic strata

Bathymetry
Pzu Paleozoic sedimentary and volcanic rocks
! !! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! !

Strike slip or transform fault - approximated (SSTFA) Mylonite or cataclastic zone along major fault (Guyana Shield)

Depth in meters below sea level

Maracaibo
Pzi

Caracas
uT uTc Mzb lT
TK

Cariaco Basin 6102


u

Trinidad and Tobago


!

! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !

! ! !

! ! !! ! ! ! ! !

! ! ! ! ! !

!! !!

! !

!! !

pCs
! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !!

! ! !

Precambrian fanglomerate and deltaic sedimentary rocks

Guatemala Basin
Kv
100'0"N

lT

Costa Rica
Tv

Qv

San Jose
K K

uT lT uT

Lower Magdelena 6091 Choco Pacific Basin 6087


Q uT Q Ku uT uT

Perija-Venezuela-Coastal Ranges Q 6093


Pzm

Mzm

8,500

! !

JTru lT

Barquisimeto
K u Km K Km u Pzm lT lT Mzb

Km

Mzg lT

lT K

Cesar Basin 6094


Tc

K uK

Guardian Seamount

Kv lT Kv K uT

Ti lT Ti lT

Tv

TKx lT

Volcan Bank
Kv Ki TKi

References
Q

MzPz

uT JTr

Pz

Pzm lT Pz Q QTc TKv K QTv Tv Ti Q uT Q uT Kv uT Jv

lT

East Venezuela Basin 6098

Fisher Seamount
Kv

uT Ti

Panama

Colombia
Q Pz Mzi Pzi K

uTc

Maracaibo Basin 6099


Q

pCu Pzi

uTc PzpCu g Mzva Pz lT uTc Pzi

Case, J.E., and Holcombe, T.L., 1980, Geologic-Tectonic Map of the Caribbean Region: U.S Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map I-1100, scale 1:2,500,000. [Prepared in cooperation with the United States Naval Oceanographic Office and the United States Naval Ocean Research and Development Activity.] Hearn, P., Jr., Hare, T., Schruben, P., Sherrill, D., LaMar, C., and Tsushima, P., 2001, Global GIS Database, Digital Atlas of Central and South America: U.S. Geological Survey Digital Data Series DDS-62-A. [on-line] available at: http://webgis.wr.usgs.gov/globalgis/.

uT TK MzPz uT

Panama
Tmov Q

QTv

Ti TKv

Venezuela
uTc

QTc

uT

Q Tv Ku uT Ti uT

lT

T Pzm Ku QTc

JTru K

Jv Mzi Kva

Tc

Pzi

PzpCu Pz

My

Map displayed in WGS84 coordinate system

Und Kv lTv

Ku

uT uT Kv

lTv Ku lT uK Mzi Mzv Mzi Kva pCm uTc pCm Pzi Mzi Pzm Mzi uK lT uT Pz JTr

Barinas-Apure Basin 6097


pCm

pCl pCi

pCl pCl

pCum pCa QTc pCd pCgn pCsv pCsv pCa pCsv pCmv pCi 600'0"W pCd

IOC, IHO, and BODC, 2003 , "Centenary Edition of the GEBCO Digital Atlas", published on CD-ROM on behalf of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission and the International Hydrographic Organization as part of the General Bathymetric Chart of the Oceans; British Oceanographic Data Centre, Liverpool.

0
0

25
37.5

50
75

100
150 225

150

200 Miles
300 Kilometers
Cocos Ridge

Mzm

QTc uT QTc pCsv pCg

lT uT Ki Kv Mzm lT lTv u lT Tv TKv

My

Guyana-Suriname Basin 6021

TKv

lT

Ku

Q Q TKi lT Tv Ku u TK
800'0"W

Pzm

JTru uTc

uK West-Central Cordillera 6106 pCm Ti Ki Pzi


750'0"W

Middle Magdelena 6090


Tc

San Cristobal

pCi

pCi pCgn

Guyana Shield pCa pCg 6002

Guyana

Petroconsultants International Data Corp. 2002, Petroleum Exploration and Production Database: Petroconsultants International Data Corp. U.S. Geological Survey World Energy Assessment Team, 2000, U.S. Geological Survey World Petroleum Assessment 2000: U.S. Geological Survey Digital Data Series DDS 60, 4 CDROMs. [on-line] available at: http://pubs.usgs.gov/dds/dds-060. Although all data and software published with this product are used by the U.S. Geological Survey, no warranty, expressed or implied, is made by the U.S. Geological Survey as to the accuracy of the data and related materials and (or) the functioning of the software. The act of distribution shall not constitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed by the U.S.

pCd pCmv

pCsv

PzpCu K K JTru

pCa uTc Und

Llanos Basin 6096


700'0"W

pCv pCi pCi


650'0"W

pCl

pCa pCsv

pCgn pCmv pCd

pCmv

pCi

U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

900'0"W

850'0"W