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Technical Data

SI(International System of Units)

Excerpts from JIS Z 8203(1985)

1. International System of Units and Usage


1-1. Scope of Application This standard specifies how to use the International System of Units (SI) and other international unitary systems, as well as units used in correlation with units from international systems, and other units which may be used. 1-2. Terms and Definitions Terminology used in this specification and definitions thereof are as follows : International (1) System of Units (2) SI Units (3) Base Units Supplementary Units (4) Coherent system of units adopted and recommended by the International Committee on Weights and Measures. It contains base units and supplementary units, units derived from them and their integral exponents to the 10th power. SI is the abbreviation of Syste `me International d'Unites (International System of Units) . Generic term used to describe base units, supplementary units or derived units of the International System of Units (SI) . Those units given in Table 1. Those units given in Table 2. Table 1. Base Units Base Quantity Length Mass Time Current Thermodynamic Temperature Amount of Substance Luminous Intensity Unit Meter Kilogram Second Ampere Kelvin Mole Candela Symbol m kg s A K mol cd Definition A meter is the length of the path traveled by light in a vacuum during a time interval of 1 of a second. 299 792 458 A kilogram is a unit of mass (not weight nor force) ; it is equal to the mass of the international prototype of the kilogram. A second is the duration of 9 192 631 770 periods of radiation corresponding to the transition between the two hyperfine levels of the ground state of the cesium 133 atom. An ampere is that constant current which, if maintained in two straight parallel conductors of infinite length, of negligible circular cross-section, and placed 1 meter apart in a vacuum, would produce between these conductors a force equal to 2M10-7 Newton per meter of length. 1 Kelvin, a unit of thermodynamic temperature, is the fraction 273.16 of the thermodynamic temperature of the triple point of water.

1-3 Multiples of 10 of SI Units Prefixes : The multiples and the names and symbols of prefixes to express integer multiples of 10 in SI Units are shown in Table 4. Table 4. Prefixes Multiples of Unit 1018 1015 1012 109 106 103 Prefix Name Exsa Peta Tera Giga Mega Kilo Symbol E P T G M k Multiples of Unit 102 101 10-1 10-2 10-3 10-6 Prefix Name Hecto Deca Deci Centi Milli Micro symbol h da d c m O Multiples of Unit 10-9 10-12 10-15 10-18 Name Nano Pico Femto Atto Prefix symbol n p f a

2. Conversion Tables for SI and Conventional Units


(The units enclosed by thick lines are the SI units.) N Force 1 1M10 -5 9.806 65 dyn 1M105 1 9.806 65M10
5

kgf 1.019 72M10-1 1.019 72M10-6 1 Viscosity

Pa C s 1 1M10 -3 1M10
-1 2

cP 1M10 3 1 1M10
2

P 1M10 1M10 -2 1

C s/cm =1g/cm C s Note) 1P =1dyn 1Pa C s=1N C s/m2, 1cP=1mPa C s Pa or N/m2 Stress 1 1M10 6 9.806 65M10 6 9.806 65M10 4 MPa or N/mm 2 1M10 1 9.806 65 9.806 65M10-2
-6

A mole is the amount of substance of a system that contains as many elementary particles( 1 )or aggregation of elementary particles as there are atoms in 0.012 kilogram of carbon 12 and when the mole is used, the elementary particles must be specified. A candela is the luminous intensity, in a given direction, of a source that emits monochromatic radiation of frequency 1 watt per steradian. 540M1012 hertz and that has a radiant intensity in that direction of 683

kgf/mm 2 1.019 72M10 1 1M10 -2


-7

kgf/cm 2 1.019 72M10 1M10 2 1


-5

Kinematic Viscosity

m 2 /s 1 1M10 -6 1M10 -4
2

cSt 1M10 6 1 1M10 2

St 1M10 4 1M10 -2 1

1.019 72M10-1 1.019 72M10

Note (1): The elementary particles here must be atoms, molecules, ions, electrons or other particles. Table 2. Supplementary Unit Base Quantity Plane Angle Solid Angle (5) Derived Units Unit Radian Steradian Symbol rad sr Definition A radian is the plane angle between two radii of a circle that cuts off an arc on the circumference equal in length to the radius. A steradian is the solid angle which, having its vertex in the center of a sphere,cuts off an area of the surface of the sphere equal to that of a square with sides equal in length to the radius of the sphere. Pressure

Note) 1St=1cm /s, 1cSt=1mm2/s

Note) 1Pa=1N/m2, 1MPa=1N/mm2


mmHg or Torr

Pa 1 1M10 3 1M10 6 1M10 9.806 65M10 1.013 25M10 9.806 65 1.333 22M10 2 Note) 1Pa=1N/m Work, Energy, Heat Quantity J 1 3.600 9.806 65 4.186 05M10 3 M10 6
2 5 4 5

kPa 1M10 -3 1 1M10 3 1M10 9.806 65M10 1.013 25M10


2 2

MPa 1M10 -6 1M10 -3 1 1M10 9.806 65M10 1.013 25M10


-1 -2 -1

bar 1M10 -5 1M10 -2 1M10 1 9.806 65M10 1.013 25 9.806 65M10 -5 1.333 22M10 -3
-1

kgf/cm 2 1.019 72M10 -5 1.019 72M10 -2 1.019 72M10 1.019 72 1 1.033 23 1M10 -4 1.359 51M10 -3

atm 9.869 23M10 -6 9.869 23M10 -3 9.869 23 9.869 23M10 9.678 41M10 1 9.678 41M10 -5 1.315 79M10 -3
-1 -1

mmH 2 0 1.019 72M10 -1 1.019 72M10 2 1.019 72M10 5 1.019 72M10 1M10 1.033 23M10 1 1.359 51M10
4 4 4

7.500 62M10 -3 7.500 62 7.500 62M10 3 7.500 62M10 2 7.355 59M10 2 7.600 00M10 2 7.355 59M10 -2 1

The units algebraically expressed using mathematical symbols such as plus, minus, etc. The SI derived units with special names and symbols are given in Table 3. Table 3: SI Derived Units with Special Names and Symbols SI Derived Units Symbol m2 m3 m/s m/s 2 m-1 kg/m A/m 2
3

Examples of SI Derived Units Expressed in Terms of Base Units Base Quantity Area Volume Velocity Acceleration Wave Number Density Current Density Magnetic Field Strength Concentration of Substance Specific Volume Luminance Square Cubic Meter/Second Meter/Second2 Every Meter Kilogram Every Cubic Meter Ampere Every Square Meter Ampere Every Meter Mole Every Cubic Meter Cubic Meter Every Kilogram Candela Every Square Meter Derived Units Unit

Base Quantity Unit Frequency Force Pressure, Stress Energy, Work, Heat Quantity
Work Rate, Process Rate, Power, Electric Power

Electric Charge, Quantity of Electricity


Electric Potential, Potential Difference, Voltage, Electromotive Force

m 3 /kg cd/m 2

Coefficient of Heat Transfer

A/m mol/m 3

Electrostatic Capacity, Capacitance Electric Resistance Conductance Magnetic Flux Magnetic Flux Density Inductance Celsius Temperature Luminous Flux Illuminance Radioactivity Absorbed Dose Dose Equivalent

Power, Heat Flow

Hertz Newton Pascal Joule Watt Coulomb Volts Farad Ohm Siemens Weber Tesla Henry
Degree Celsius or Degree

Lumen Lux Becquerel Gray Sievert

Expression in Terms of Base Units or Supplementary Units, Supplementary Units or Symbol other SI Units 1 Hz =1 s-1 Hz C m/s 2 1 N =1 kg N 1 Pa =1 N/m2 Pa C m 1 J =1 N J 1 W =1 J/s W C s 1 C =1 A C 1 V =1 J/C V 1 F =1 C/V F 1 q =1 V/A q 1 S =1 q -1 S C s 1 Wb =1 V Wb 1 T =1 Wb/m 2 T 1 H =1 Wb/A H 1 tA =(t+273.15)K A 1 lm =1 cd C sr lm 1 lx =1 lm/m 2 lx 1 Bq =1 s -1 Bq 1 Gy =1 J/kg Gy 1 Sv =1 J/kg Sv

9.806 65M10 -3 1.333 22M10 -1

9.806 65M10 -6 1.333 22M10 -4

Thermal Conductivity

kW C h 2.777 78M10 1 2.724 07M10-6


-7

kgf C m 1.019 72M10 1


-1

kcal 2.388 89M10


-4

W/(m C K) 1 1.162 79 W/(m 2 CK) 1 1.162 79 J/(kg C K) 1 4.186 05M10 3

kcal/(hCmCA) 8.600 0M10-1 1 kcal/(hCm2CA) 8.600 0M10 -1 1


kcal/(kg C A) cal/(g C A)

3.670 98M10 5

8.600 0 M10 2 2.342 70M10 -3 1

1.162 79M10-3 4.268 58M10 2

Note) 1J =1W C s, 1J=1N C m W 1 9.806 65 7.355 1.162 79 M10 2 7.5 kgf C m/s 1.019 72M10 1 M10
-1

PS 1.359 62M10 1.333 33M10 1


-3 -2

kcal/h 8.600 0 M10 -1 8.433 71 6.325 29M10 2 1

Specific Heat

2.388 89M10 -4 1

1.185 72M10 -1 1.580 95M10 -3

Note) 1W=1J/s, PS:French Horsepower

1801

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