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Subject: Physics
Class: Form 4 Science
Date: 1st June 2009
Time: 11.35 am – 12.05 pm (30 minutes)
No. of students: 34 students
Learning Area : Forces and pressure
Learning Objective: Applying Archimedes Principle

Learning Outcomes: At the end of the lesson, a student is able to:

A Master content knowledge

a. Explain buoyant force of an object when it’s wholly or partially
immersed in the fluid.
b. Relate buoyant force to the weight of the fluid displaced.
c. State Archimedes Principle.

B Master Scientific Skills/TSTS

a. Design and carry out an activity to investigate the relationship
between the weight of water displaced and the buoyant force.

C Demonstrate Scientific Attitudes and Noble Values

a. Actively participate in carrying out the activity as a team.
b. Be honest and accurate in recording data.

Scientific Concepts:
Buoyant Force,
a. An upward force resulting from an object being wholly or partially immersed in a fluid.

Archimedes Principle,
a. An object that is totally or partially submerged in a fluid experiences a buoyant force
equal to the weight of fluid displaced.

Materials, equipments and resource materials:

Beaker 8 units
Eureka Can 2 units
Spring balance 1 unit
Ping Pong ball 7 units
Notes on PowerPoint slides

Consideration of Safety Precautions:


Prior Knowledge:
Students have already learned the operational definition of pressure, P = F/A, and
understanding pressure in liquids, P = hρg.
Phase Content Teaching and Learning Activities Notes
Teacher Activities Student Activities
Introduction/ Definition of Make connection to Students respond
Eliciting Ideas pressure, P = F/A. students’ prior knowledge to teacher’s Strategy/Technique:
(5 minutes) Behavior of an on pressure in liquids by questions. Whole class Q&A
object when it’s asking questions.
immersed in the Elicit students’ ideas
liquid in terms of about the force acting on
pressure and force. the ping pong ball when it
immerse in the water.
Structuring/ Buoyant Force: Strategy/Technique:
Restructuring a. An upward Show beakers which Students make Demonstration by
of Ideas force resulting filled with water and observation and teacher
(15 minutes) from an object immerse the ping pang inference
being wholly or ball.
immersed in a Ask one central guiding
fluid. question:
What is buoyant force?

Archimedes Shows a Eureka can Students make Strategy/Technique:

Principle: which filled with water observation and Demonstration/
a. An object that and suspends the inference activity by students
is totally or plasticine ball in the and guide by
partially water. Let the water teacher
immersed in a displaces into a beaker.
experiences a Ask one central guiding
Students make
buoyant force
equal to the
weight of fluid What is the relationship give
displaced. between the buoyant suggestions on
force acting to the object the design of an
b. with the weight of fluid activity and
c. displaces? state all the
d. variables
Ask students for their involved.
hypotheses, the design of
an activity to investigate
Then students
the relationship, and the
variables involved.
carry out the
activity to
Debriefing answer the
central guiding

Students make
Application of 1. Applications of Ask student to do a Student search Strategy/
Ideas Archimedes research and report on the for the answer Techniques Group
(6 minutes) Principle on application of trough the text discussion followed
submarines. Archimedes Principle. books and by group
2. Application of internet. presentation
Archimedes Selected group
Principle on hot will present their
balloons. reports.

Reflection/ Buoyant Force: Let students conclude by Students Strategy/

Closure a. An upward stating the main ideas and conclude the Techniques:
(4 minutes) force resulting relating to students initial lesson by Whole class Q&A
from an object ideas verbally stating
being wholly or Show summary of main the main ideas Resources: PP
partially ideas on slides and relating to slides
immersed in a Give reading assignment their initial ideas
fluid. on Bernoulli’s Principle
for next lesson

b. An object that
is totally or
immersed in a
experiences a
buoyant force
equal to the
weight of fluid