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INVASIVEFISHSPECIESALONGTHE RIVERDANUBE

Introduction
Th TheRiver Ri Danube, D b connected dtothe h Rhine Rhi catchment h viatheRhineMainDanubeCanal,is partofa significantaquaticinvasioncorridorinEuropebetween theNorthSeaandtheBlack Sea. molluscs crustaceansand Amongitsaquaticfaunamolluscs, fishesrepresentthemostprominent groupsof invadersintermsofspecies p numberandbiomass. Theinvasionsofthestudiedspecieshaveapotential to alterthestructureandthefunctionofDanubian ecosystemsandcreatenew biodiversityandeconomic problems.

Proterorhinussemilunaris
Tubenosegoby(tarkagb) firstrepresentativeofgobiesinCentralEurope discoveredatBudapestin1872

Neogobiussp sp.

N.fluviatilis folyamigb

N.kessleri Kesslergb

N.gymnotrachelus csupasztorkgb

Ameiurusnebulosus
Brownbullhead(trpeharcsa) introducedtoHungaryin1902andrapidlyspreadin naturalwaters,butnowadaysitisrare populationscanbefoundinsomedisconnected backwaters

Ameiurusmelas
Blackbullhead(feketetrpeharcsa) wasintroducedtoawesternHungarianfish culture inthebeginningofthe1980s escapedspecimensspreadrapidlyalong theDanube

Oncorhynchusmykiss
Rainbowtrout(szivrvnyospisztrng) introducedtoHungaryin1885 small selfsustainingpopulationsoccuronlyincreeks small, rareaccidentalspeciesintheDanubeanditstributaries

Lepomisgibbosus
Pumpkinseed(naphal) wasintroduced toapondfarminHungaryin1895 dangerouspestwhich shouldbeeradicated harmlessspecies commonin slowflowing sections andbackwaters oftheDanube

Gasterosteusaculeatus
Threespinedstickleback(tskspik) firsttimein Hungary itwasnotedin1956inthe DanubeatBudapest spreadfromthedirection oftheBlackSea

Carassiusgibelio
Gibelcarp(ezstkrsz) introducedfromBulgariain1954 recreationalreasonsplayed importantroleinits rapidspread

Ctenopharyngodonidella
Chinesecarp,grasscarp(amur) introducedtoHungaryin1963 stockedtonaturalwatersforrecreational reasons andsometimesareusedforbiologicalcontrolof waterweeds naturalreproductionwasonlyobservedintheRiver Tisza Ti

Hypophtalmichthismolitrix
Silvercarp(fehrbusa) introducedtoHungaryin1963 stockedindisconnectedsidearmsoftheDanubeand LakeBalatonforfisheryutilization

Pseudorasboraparva
Topmouthgudgeon(knairazbra) introducedfromFarEastinthe1960s,andquickly spreadin naturalwatersinHungary itisabundantinseveralbackwatersoftheDanube

Summary y

References

http://actazool.nhmus.hu/58/S1/ActaZH_2012_Vol_58_Suppl_29.pdf