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List of popes

1st Century

Age at
Common Regnal Personal Place of Election / # years
Pontificate Portrait Death or as Pope
Notes
English name (Latin) name name birth
Resigned

30 - 67 Peter Petrus, Head of Simon Peter Bethsaida, Disciple of Jesus


Saint Peter the Church ‫ שמעון בן יונה‬Galilea from whom he
(Shimon ben received the keys
Yona) to the Kingdom
post42/ante57 - of Heaven,
64/67(?) Petrus, according to
Shimon Kipha
Episcopus CΙΜΗΟΝ ΚΗΦΑC Matthew 16:18-
Romanus (Simeon 19.
Kephas -
Simon the
Rock) Executed by
crucifixion
upside-down;
feast day (Feast
of Saints Peter
and Paul) 29
June, (Chair of
Saint Peter) 22
February.
Recognized as
the first pope by
the Roman
Catholic
Church. Also
revered as a
saint in Eastern
Christianity,
with a feast day
of 29 June.

64/67(?) - Linus Linus, Linus Tuscia Martyred


76/79(?) Saint Linus Episcopus (Northern (according to
Romanus Latium) Church tradition;
no historical
evidence exists);
Feast day 23
September. Also
revered as a saint
in Eastern
Christianity, with
a feast day of 7
June.
76/79(?) - 88 Anacletus Anacletus, Anacletus Probably Martyred; feast
(Cletus) Episcopus Greece day 26 April
Saint Anacletus Romanus

88/92 - 97/101 Clement I Clemens, Rome Martyred; feast


Saint Clement Episcopus day 23
Romanus November. Also
revered as a saint
in Eastern
Christianity, with
a feast day of 25
November.

97/99 - 105/107 Evaristus Evaristus, Aristus Martyred


(Aristus) Episcopus (according to
Saint Evaristus Romanus Church tradition;
no historical
evidence
exists);feast day
26 October

2nd Century

Age at
# years
Common Regnal (Latin) Personal Place of Election /
Pontificate Portrait Death or
as Notes
English name name name birth Pope
Resigned

105/107 - Alexander I Alexander, Alexander Rome Also revered as


115/116 Saint Alexander Episcopus Romanus a saint in Eastern
Christianity,
with a feast day
of 16 March.

115/116 - 125 Sixtus I Xystus, Episcopus Rome or Also revered as


Saint Sixtus Romanus Greece a saint in Eastern
Christianity,
with a feast day
of 10 August.
125 - 136/138 Telesphorus Telesphorus, Greece
Saint Telesphorus Episcopus Romanus

136/138 - Hyginus Hyginus, Greece Traditionally


140/142 Saint Hyginus Episcopus Romanus martyred (no
evidence); feast
day 11 January

140/142 - 155 Pius I Pius, Episcopus Aquileia, Martyred by


Saint Pius Romanus Friuli, Italy sword; feast day
11 July

155 - 166 Anicetus Anicetus, Emesa, Traditionally


Saint Anicetus Episcopus Romanus Syria martyred (no
evidence); feast
day 17 April

c.166 - 174/175 Soter Soterius, Fondi, Traditionally


Saint Soter Episcopus Romanus Latium, martyred; feast
Italy day 22 April

174/175 - 189 Eleuterus Eleutherius, Nicopoli, Traditionally


Saint Eleutherus Episcopus Romanus Epyrus martyred; feast
day 6 May

189 - 198/199 Victor I Victor, Episcopus Northern


Saint Victor Romanus Africa

199 - 217 Zephyrinus Zephyrinus, Rome


Saint Zephyrin Episcopus Romanus
3rd Century

Age at
Common Regnal (Latin) Personal Place of Election / # years
Pontificate Portrait Notes
English name name name birth Death or as Pope
Resigned

c.217 - 222/223 Callixtus I Callistus, Martyred; feast


Saint Callixtus Episcopus Romanus day 14 October

222/223 - 230 Urban I Urbanus, Rome Also revered as


Saint Urban Episcopus Romanus a saint in
Eastern
Christianity,
with a feast day
of 25 May.

21 July 230 - 28 Pontian Pontianus, Rome 5 First Pope with


September 235 Saint Pontian Episcopus Romanus firm dates of
office

21 November Anterus Anterus, Episcopus Greece <1 Also revered as


235 - 3 January Saint Anterus Romanus a saint in
236 Eastern
Christianity,
with a feast day
of 5 August.

10 January 236 - Fabian Fabianus, Rome 14 Feast day 20


20 January 250 Saint Fabian Episcopus Romanus January. Also
revered as a
saint in Eastern
Christianity,
with a feast day
of 5 August.

6 March/11 Cornelius Cornelius, 2 Died a martyr,


March 251 - June Saint Cornelius Episcopus Romanus through extreme
253 hardship; feast
day 16
September
25 June 253 - 5 Lucius I Lucius, Episcopus Rome <1 Feast day 4
March 254 Saint Lucius Romanus March

12 May 254 - 2 Stephen I Stephanus, Rome 3 Martyred by


August 257 Saint Stephen Episcopus Romanus beheading; feast
day 2 August.
Also revered as
a saint in
Eastern
Christianity,
with the same
feast day.

30/31 August 257 Sixtus II Xystus Secundus, Greece <1 Martyred by


- 6 August 258 Saint Sixtus II Episcopus Romanus beheading. Also
revered as a
saint in Eastern
Christianity,
with a feast day
of 10 August.

22 July 259 - 26 Dionysius Dionysius, Greece 9 Feast day 26


December 268 Saint Dionysius Episcopus Romanus December

5 January 269 - Felix I Felix, Episcopus Rome 5


30 December 274 Saint Felix Romanus

4 January 275 - 7 Eutychian Eutychianus, 8


December 283 Saint Eutychian Episcopus Romanus

17 December 283 Caius Caius, Episcopus 12 Feast day 22


- 22 April 296 Saint Caius Romanus April. Also
revered as a
saint in Eastern
Christianity,
with a feast day
of 11 August.
30 June 296 - 1 Marcellinus Marcellinus, 7 Feast day 26
April 304 Saint Marcellinus Episcopus Romanus April. Also
revered as a
saint in Eastern
Christianity,
with a feast day
of 7 June.

4th Century

Age at
Common Regnal (Latin) Personal Place of Election / # years
Pontificate Portrait Death or as Pope Notes
English name name name birth
Resigned

308 to 309 Marcellus I Marcellus,


Saint Marcellus Episcopus
Romanus
c.309 - c.310 Eusebius Eusebius,
Saint Eusebius Episcopus
Romanus

2 July 311 - 11 Miltiades Miltiades, Africa 2 First pope after


January 314 Melchiades Episcopus the end of the
Saint Miltiades Romanus persecution of
Christians
through the
Edict of Milan
(313 AD) issued
by Constantine
the Great

31 January 314 - Sylvester I Silvester, 21 Feast day 31


31 December 335 Saint Sylvester Episcopus December. Also
Romanus revered as a
saint in Eastern
Christianity,
with a feast day
of 2 January.

18 January 336 - Mark Marcus, Rome <1 Feast day 7


7 October 336 Saint Mark Episcopus October
Romanus

6 February 337 - Julius I Iulius, Episcopus Rome 15


12 April 352 Saint Julius Romanus

17 May 352 - 24 Liberius Liberius, 14 Earliest Pope not


September 366 Episcopus yet canonized by
Romanus the Roman
Church. Revered
as a saint in
Eastern
Christianity,
with a feast day
of 27 August.

1 October 366 - Damasus I Damasus, Idanha-à- 18


11 December 384 Saint Damasus Episcopus Velha,
Romanus Portugal
11 December 384 Siricius Papa Siricius, 14 First Bishop of
- 26 November Saint Siricius Episcopus Rome to employ
399 Romanus the title "Papa"
("Pope")

27 November Anastasius I Papa 2


399 - 19 Saint Anastasius Anastasius,
December 401 Episcopus
Romanus

5th Century

Age at
Common Regnal (Latin) Personal Place of Election / # years
Pontificate Portrait Death or as Pope
Notes
English name name name birth
Resigned

22 December 401 Innocent I Papa 15 Visigoth Sack


- 12 March 417 Saint Innocent Innocentius, of Rome (410)
Episcopus Romanus under Alaric
18 March 417 - Zosimus Papa Zosimus, 1
26 December 418 Saint Zosimus Episcopus Romanus

28/29 December Boniface I Papa Bonifacius, 3


418 - 4 Saint Boniface Episcopus Romanus
September 422

10 September Celestine I Papa 9 Also revered as


422 - 27 July 432 Saint Celestine Coelestinus, a saint in
Episcopus Romanus Eastern
Christianity,
with a feast day
of 8 April.

31 July 432 - Sixtus III Papa Xystus 8


March/August Saint Sixtus Tertius, Episcopus
440 Romanus

29 September Leo I Papa Leo Rome 21 Convinced


440 - 10 Saint Leo Magnus, Attila the Hun
November 461 Leo the Great Episcopus Romanus to turn back his
invasion of
Italy. Feast day
10 November.
Also revered as
a saint in
Eastern
Christianity,
with a feast day
of 18 February.

19 November 461 Hilarius Papa Hilarius, 6


- 29 February 468 Saint Hilarius Episcopus Romanus

3 March 468 - 10 Simplicius Papa Simplicius, Tivoli, 15


March 483 Saint Simplicius Episcopus Romanus Italy
13 March 483 - 1 Felix III (Felix Papa Felix Rome 8 Sometimes
March 492 II) Tertius called Felix II
Saint Felix (Secundus),
Episcopus Romanus

1 March 492 to Gelasius I Papa Gelasius, Africa 4


21 November 496 Saint Gelasius Episcopus Romanus

24 November 496 Anastasius II Papa Anastasius 1


- 19 November Secundus,
498 Episcopus Romanus

22 November 498 Symmachus Papa Sardinia 15


- 19 July 514 Saint Symmachus Symmachus,
Episcopus Romanus

6th Century

Common Age at #
Regnal (Latin) Personal Place of Election / years
Pontificate Portrait English Notes
name name birth Death or as
name Resigned Pope

20 July 514 - Hormisdas Papa Hormisdus, Frosinone, 8 Father of Pope Silverius


19 July 523 Saint Episcopus Romanus Southern
Hormisdas Latium,
Italy
13 August John I Papa Ioannes, Tuscany 2
523 - 18 May Saint John Episcopus Romanus
526

13 July 526 - Felix IV Papa Felix Samnium 4 Sometimes called Felix III
22 September (Felix III) Quartus(Tertius),
530 Saint Felix Episcopus Romanus

22 September Boniface II Papa Bonifacius Rome to 2


530 - 17 Secundus, Ostrogoth
October 532 Episcopus Romanus parents

2 January John II Papa Ioannes Mercurius Rome 2 First pope to not use personal
533 - 8 May Secundus, name. This was due to Mercury
535 Episcopus Romanus being a Roman god.

13 May 535 - Agapetus I Papa Agapetus, <1 Feast days 22 April, 20 September.
22 April 536 Agapitus Episcopus Romanus Also revered as a saint in Eastern
Saint Christianity, with a feast day of 17
Agapetus April.

1 June 536 - Silverius Papa Silverius, 1 Exiled; feast day 20 June, son of
11 November Saint Silverius Episcopus Romanus Pope Hormisdas
537

29 March Vigilius Papa Vigilius, Rome 18


537 - 7 June Episcopus Romanus
555

16 April 556 Pelagius I Papa Pelagius, Rome 5


- 4 March Episcopus Romanus
561
17 July 561 - John III Papa Ioannes Catelinus 12
13 July 574 Tertius, Episcopus
Romanus

2 June 575 - Benedict I Papa Benedictus, 4


30 July 579 Episcopus Romanus

26 November Pelagius II Papa Pelagius Rome 10


579 - 7 Secundus,
February 590 Episcopus Romanus

3 September Gregory I, Papa Gregorius Rome 13 First to formally employ the titles
590 - 12 O.S.B. Magnus, Episcopus "Servus servorum Dei" and
March 604 Saint Gregory Romanus "Pontifex Maximus". Feast day 3
Gregory the September. Also revered as a saint
Great in Eastern Christianity, with a feast
day of 12 March.

7th Century

Age at
Common Regnal (Latin) Personal Place of Election / # years
Pontificate Portrait Death or as Pope
Notes
English name name name birth
Resigned

13 September Sabinian Papa Blera 1


604 - 22 Saint Sabinian Sabinianus,
February 606 Episcopus
Romanus

19 February 607 Boniface III Papa Rome <1


- 12 November Bonifacius
607
Tertius,
Episcopus
Romanus

25 August 608 - Boniface IV, Papa Marsi 6 First Pope to


8 May 615 O.S.B. Bonifacius bear the same
Saint Boniface Quartus, name as his
predecessor.
Episcopus Member of the
Romanus Order of St.
Benedict.

19 October 615 - Adeodatus I Papa Rome 3 Sometimes


8 November 618 Adeodatus, called
Deusdedit, and
or Papa then Pope
Deusdedit Adeodatus II is
Episcopus called Pope
Romanus Adeodatus
without a
number

23 December Boniface V Papa Naples 5


619 - 25 October Bonifacius
625
Quintus,
Episcopus
Romanus

27 October 625 - Honorius I Papa Honorius, 2


12 October 638 Episcopus
Romanus

October 638 - 2 Severinus Papa Rome 1


August 640 Severinus,
Episcopus
Romanus
24 December John IV Papa Ioannes Zadar, 1
640 - 12 October Quartus, Dalmatia,
642 Episcopus now Croatia
Romanus

24 November Theodore I Papa Palestine 6


642 - 14 May Theodorus,
649 Episcopus
Romanus

July 649 - 16 Martin I Papa Martinus, 6 Feast Day 12


September 655 Saint Martin Episcopus November. Also
Romanus revered as a
saint in Eastern
Christianity,
with a feast day
of 14 April.

10 August 654 - Eugene I Papa Eugenius, Rome 2


2 June 657 Saint Eugene Episcopus
Romanus

30 July 657 - 27 Vitalian Papa 14


January 672 Saint Vitalian Vitalianus,
Episcopus
Romanus

11 April 672 - 17 Adeodatus II, Papa 4 Sometimes


June 676 O.S.B. Adeodatus called Pope
Adeodatus
Secundus, (without a
Episcopus number) when
Romanus Pope Adeodatus
I is called Pope
Deusdedit.
Member of the
Order of St.
Benedict.

2 November 676 Donus Papa Donus, 1


- 11 April 678 Episcopus
Romanus
27 June 678 - 10 Agatho Papa Agatho, Sicily 2 Also revered as
January 681 Saint Agatho Episcopus a saint in
Romanus Eastern
Christianity,
with a feast day
of 20 February.

December 681 - Leo II Papa Leo Sicily 1 Feast day 3 July


3 July 683 Saint Leo Secundus,
Episcopus
Romanus

683/26 June 684 Benedict II Papa <1 Feast day 7 May


- 8 May 685 Saint Benedict Benedictus
Secundus,
Episcopus
Romanus

12 July 685 - 2 John V Papa Ioannes Syria 1


August 686 Quintus,
Episcopus
Romanus

21 October 686 - Conon Papa Conon, <1


22 September Episcopus
687 Romanus

15 December Sergius I Papa Sergius, Sicily 13


687 - 8 Saint Sergius Episcopus
September 701 Romanus

8th Century

Place Age at
Common Regnal (Latin) Personal Election / # years
Pontificate Portrait of Death or as Pope Notes
English name name name
birth Resigned
30 October 701 - John VI Papa Ioannes Greece 3
11 January 705 Sextus, Episcopus
Romanus

1 March 705 - 18 John VII Papa Ioannes Greece 2 Second Pope to


October 707 Septumus, Episcopus bear the same
Romanus name as his
predecessor

15 January 708 - Sisinnius Papa Sisinnius, Syria <1


4 February 708 Episcopus Romanus

25 March 708 - 9 Constantine Papa Syria 7 Last Pope to visit


April 715 Constantinus, Greece until John
Episcopus Romanus Paul II in 2001

19 May 715 - 11 Gregory II Papa Gregorius 15 Feast day 11


February 731 Saint Gregory Secundus, Episcopus February
Romanus

18 March 731 - Gregory III Papa Gregorius Syria 10 Third Pope to


28 November Tertius, Episcopus bear the same
741 Romanus name as his
predecessor

3 December 741 - Zachary Papa Zacharias, Greece 10 Feast day 15


14 March/22 Saint Zachary Episcopus Romanus March
March 752

23 March 752 - (Pope-Elect Papa Scelga 0 Sometimes


25 March 752 Stephen) Stephanus known as Stephen
Never took office II. Died three
as Pope. days after his
election and was
never consecrated
into the office of
Pope as such
debate remains
over whether he
was Pope or not.
The Vatican
sanctioned his
addition to the list
of Popes in the
sixteenth century,
however he was
removed in 1961.
As such he is not
considered a Pope
by the Catholic
Church.

26 March 752 - Stephen II Papa Stephanus 5 Sometimes called


26 April 757 Secundus, Episcopus Stephen III
Romanus

29 May 757 - 28 Paul I Papa Paulus, 10


June 767 Saint Paul Episcopus Romanus

1 August or 7 Stephen III Papa Stephanus 4 Sometimes called


August 767 - 24 Tertius, Episcopus Stephen IV
January 772 Romanus

1 February 772 - Adrian I Papa Hadrianus, Rome 23


26 December 795 Episcopus Romanus

26 December 795 Leo III Papa Leo Tertius, 20 Crowned


- 12 June 816 Saint Leo Episcopus Romanus Charlemagne
Imperator
Augustus on
Christmas Day,
800, thereby
initiating what
would become
the office of Holy
Roman Emperor
requiring the
imprimatur of the
pope for its
legitimacy

9th Century

Age at
Common Regnal (Latin) Personal Place Election / # years
Pontificate Portrait Notes
English name name name of birth Death or as Pope
Resigned
12 June 816 - 24 Stephen IV Papa Stephanus <1 Sometimes called
January 817 Quartus, Stephen V
Episcopus
Romanus

25 January 817 - Paschal I Papa Paschalis, Rome 7


11 February 824 Saint Paschal Episcopus
Romanus

8 May 824 - Eugene II Papa Eugenius Rome 3


August 827 Secundus,
Episcopus
Romanus

August 827 - Valentine Papa Rome <1


September 827 Valentinus,
Episcopus
Romanus

827 - January 844 Gregory IV Papa Gregorius 17


Quartus,
Episcopus
Romanus

January 844 - 7 Sergius II Papa Sergius Rome 3


January 847 Secundus,
Episcopus
Romanus

January 847 - 17 Leo IV, Papa Leo Rome 8 Member of the


July 855 O.S.B. Quartus, Order of St.
Saint Leo Episcopus Benedict.
Romanus

855 - 7 April 858 Benedict III Papa


Benedictus
Tertius,
Episcopus
Romanus
24 April 858 - 13 Nicholas I Papa Nicolaus 9
November 867 Saint Nicholas Magnus
Nicholas the Episcopus
Great Romanus

14 December 867 Adrian II Papa Rome 5


- 14 December Hadrianus
872
Secundus,
Episcopus
Romanus

14 December 872 John VIII Papa Ioannes Rome 10


- 16 December Octavus,
882 Episcopus
Romanus

16 December 882 Marinus I Papa Marinus, 1


- 15 May 884 Episcopus
Romanus

17 May 884 - Adrian III Papa Rome


c.September 885 Saint Adrian Hadrianus
Tertius,
Episcopus
Romanus

885 - 14 Stephen V Papa Stephanus Sometimes called


September 891 Quintus, Stephen VI
Episcopus
Romanus

19 September Formosus Papa Ostia 4 Posthumously


891 - 4 April 896 Formosus, ritually executed
Episcopus following the
Romanus Cadaver Synod

4 April 896 - 19 Boniface VI Papa Rome <1


April 896 Bonifacius
Sextus, Episcopus
Romanus

22 May 896 - Stephen VI Papa Stephanus 1 Sometimes called


August 897 Sextus, Episcopus Stephen VII
Romanus
August 897 - Romanus Papa Romanus, <1
November 897 Episcopus
Romanus

December 897 Theodore II Papa <1


Theodorus
Secundus,
Episcopus
Romanus

January 898 - John IX, Papa Ioannes Member of the


January 900 O.S.B. Nonus, Episcopus Order of St.
Romanus Benedict.

900 - 903 Benedict IV Papa Rome


Benedictus
Quartus,
Episcopus
Romanus

10th Century

Age at
# years
Common Regnal (Latin) Personal Place of Election /
Pontificate Portrait Death or
as Notes
English name name name birth Pope
Resigned

July 903 - Leo V Papa Leo Ardea <1


September 903 Quintus,
Episcopus
Romanus

29 January 904 - Sergius III Papa Sergius Rome 7 "Pornocracy"


14 April 911 Tertius, Episcopus begins
Romanus
April 911 - June Anastasius Papa Rome 2
913 III Anastasius
Tertius, Episcopus
Romanus

July/August 913 - Lando Papa Lando, Sabina, Italy <1


February/March Episcopus
914 Romanus

March 914 - May John X Papa Ioannes 14


928 Decimus,
Episcopus
Romanus

May 928 - Leo VI Papa Leo <1


December 928 Sextus, Episcopus
Romanus

December 928 - Stephen VII Papa Stephanus 2 Sometimes


February 931 Septimus, called Stephen
Episcopus VIII
Romanus

February/March John XI Papa Ioannes 4


931 - December Undecimus,
935 Episcopus
Romanus

3 January 936 - 13 Leo VII, Papa Leo 3 Member of the


July 939 O.S.B. Septimus, Order of St.
Episcopus Benedict.
Romanus

14 July 939 - Stephen VIII Papa Stephanus 3 Sometimes


October 942 Octavus, called Stephen
Episcopus IX
Romanus
30 October 942 - Marinus II Papa Marinus 3
May 946 Secundus,
Episcopus
Romanus

10 May 946 - Agapetus II Papa Agapetus 9


December 955 Secundus,
Episcopus
Romanus

16 December 955 - John XII Papa Ioannes Octavian 8 Deposed in 963


14 May 964 Duodecimus, by Emperor Otto
Episcopus invalidly; end of
Romanus the "Pornocracy"

22 May 964 - 23 Benedict V Papa <1 Elected after


June 964 Benedictus John XII's death
by the people of
Quintus, Rome, in
Episcopus opposition to the
Romanus Antipope Leo
VIII who was
appointed by
Emperor Otto;
Benedict
accepted his
deposition in 964
leaving Leo as
sole pope.

July 964 - 1 March Leo VIII Papa Leo Rome <1 Appointed
965 Octavus, antipope by
Episcopus Emperor Otto in
Romanus 963 in
opposition to
John XII and
Benedict V. He
became the true
Pope after
Benedict V was
deposed

1 October 965 - 6 John XIII Papa Ioannes 6


September 972 Tertius
Decimus,
Episcopus
Romanus
19 January 973 - Benedict VI Papa 1 Deposed and
June 974 Benedictus murdered
Sextus, Episcopus
Romanus

October 974 - 10 Benedict VII Papa 8


July 983 Benedictus
Septimus,
Episcopus
Romanus

December 983 - 20 John XIV Papa Ioannes Pietro Pavia <1


August 984 Quartus Campanora
Decimus,
Episcopus
Romanus

August 985 - John XV Papa Ioannes Rome 10


March 996 Quintus
Decimus,
Episcopus
Romanus

3 May 996 - 18 Gregory V Papa Gregorius Bruno of 2 First German


February 999 Quintus, Carinthia Pope
Episcopus
Romanus

2 April 999 - 12 Sylvester II Papa Silvester Gerbert Auvergne 4 First French


May 1003 Secundus, d'Aurillac region of Pope
Episcopus France
Romanus

11th Century
Common Age at #
Regnal (Latin) Personal Place of Election / years
Pontificate Portrait English Death or as
Notes
name name birth
name Resigned Pope

June 1003 - John XVII Papa Ioannes Siccone Rome <1


December Septimus Decimus,
1003 Episcopus Romanus

25 December John XVIII Papa Ioannes Giovanni Rome 5


1003 - July Duodevicesimus, Fasano;
1009 Episcopus Romanus Phasianus

31 July 1009 - Sergius IV Papa Sergius Pietro Rome 2


12 May 1012 Quartus, Episcopus Boccapecora
Romanus

18 May 1012 - Benedict Papa Benedictus Theophylactus Rome 11


9 April 1024 VIII Octavus, Episcopus II, Conti di
Romanus Tusculum

April/May John XIX Papa Ioannes Romanus, Conti Rome 8


1024 - 20 Undevicesimus, di Tusculum
October 1032 Episcopus Romanus

1032 - 1044 Benedict IX Papa Benedictus Theophylactus Rome 1st Term


Nonus, Episcopus III, Conti di
Romanus Tusculum

1045 Sylvester III Papa Silvester John, Bishop of Rome Validity of election
Tertius, Episcopus Sabina questioned;
Romanus considered Anti-
Pope; deposed at the
Council of Sutri.
1045 - 1046 Benedict IX Papa Benedictus Theophylactus Rome 2nd Term; deposed at
Nonus, Episcopus III, Conti di the Council of Sutri
Romanus Tusculum

April/May Gregory VI Papa Gregorius Johannes 1 Deposed at the


1045 - 20 Sextus, Episcopus Gratianus Council of Sutri
December Romanus
1046

24 December Clement II Papa Clemens Suidger Saxony <1


1046 - 9 Secundus, Episcopus
October 1047 Romanus

November Benedict IX Papa Benedictus Theophylactus 3rd Term; deposed


1047 - 1048 Nonus, Episcopus III, Conti di and excommunicated
Romanus Tusculum

17 July 1048 - Damasus II Papa Damasus Poppo Tirol <1


9 August 1048 Secundus, Episcopus
Romanus

12 February Leo IX Papa Leo Nonus, Bruno, Count of Alsace 5 On July 16, 1054,
1049 - 19 April Saint Leo Episcopus Romanus Dagsbourg legates sent by Pope
1054 Leo IX to the
Byzantine capital
excommunicated the
Patriarch of
Constantinople
Michael I Cerularius,
who promptly
reciprocated.
Centuries of disputes
over such matters as
Primacy of the
Roman Pontiff, the
ecclesiastical
calendar, the use of
leavened or
unleavened bread,
and additions to the
Creed (notably the
filioque clause)
reached their nadir on
that date. Although
the
excommunications
were originally
intended to be of an
individual nature, the
break in communion
spread to the broader
church as sides were
chosen; the East-West
schism still exists
today.

13 April 1055 - Victor II Papa Victor Gebhard, Count Germany 2


28 July 1057 Secundus, Episcopus of Calw,
Romanus Tollenstein, and
Hirschberg

2 August 1057 Stephen IX, Papa Stephanus Frederic de <1 Sometimes called
- 29 March O.S.B. Nonus, Episcopus Lorraine; Stephen X. Member
1058 Romanus Frederick of of the Order of St.
Lorraine Benedict.

6 December Nicholas II Papa Nicolaus Gérard de 2


1058 - 27 July Secundus, Episcopus Bourgogne;
1061 Romanus Gerard of
Burgundy

30 September Alexander Papa Alexander Anselmo da Baggio, 11


1061 - 21 April II Secundus, Episcopus Baggio Milan, Italy
1073 Romanus

22 April 1073 - Gregory Papa Gregorius Hildebrand Soana, 12 Restricted the use of
25 May 1085 VII, O.S.B. Septimus, Episcopus Tuscany, title "Papa" to the
Saint Gregory Romanus Italy Bishop of Rome.
Member of the Order
of St. Benedict.

24 May 1086 - Victor III, Papa Victor Desiderio; Southern 1 Member of the Order
16 September O.S.B. Tertius, Episcopus Desiderius; Italy of St. Benedict.
1087 Blessed Victor Romanus Dauferius
12 March 1088 Urban II, Papa Urbanus Odo of Lagery France 11 Started the First
- 29 July 1099 O.S.B. Secundus, Episcopus Crusade. Member of
Blessed Urban Romanus the Order of St.
Benedict.

13 August Paschal II, Papa Paschalis Raniero Romagna, 18 Member of the Order
1099 - 21 O.S.B. Secundus, Episcopus Italy of St. Benedict.
January 1118 Romanus

12th Century

Age at
# years
Common Regnal (Latin) Personal Place of Election /
Pontificate Portrait Death or
as Notes
English name name name birth Pope
Resigned

24 January 1118 Gelasius II, Papa Gelasius Giovanni Gaeta, 1 Member of the
- 28 January O.S.B. Secundus, Coniulo Latium, Italy Order of St.
1119 Episcopus Benedict.
Romanus

2 February 1119 Callixtus II Papa Callistus Guido, Comte de France 5 Opened the First
- 13 December Secundus, Bourgogne Council of the
1124 Episcopus Lateran in 1123
Romanus

15 December Honorius II, Papa Honorius Lamberto Bologna, Italy 5 Canon Regular of
1124 - 13 Can.Reg. Secundus, S. Maria di San
February 1130 Episcopus Reno
Romanus
14 February Innocent II, Papa Gregorio Rome, Italy 13 Canon Regular of
1130 - 24 Can. Reg. Innocentius Papareschi Lateran; Convened
September 1143 the Second Council
Secundus, of the Lateran, 1139
Episcopus
Romanus

26 September Celestine II Papa Guido Città di <1


1143 - 8 March Coelestinus Castello,
1144 Umbria, Italy
Secundus,
Episcopus
Romanus

12 March 1144 - Lucius II, Papa Lucius Gerardo Bologna, Italy 1 Canon Regular of
15 February Can. Reg. Secundus, Caccianemici dal S. Frediano di
1145 Episcopus Orso Lucca
Romanus

15 February Eugene III, Papa Eugenius Bernardo da Pisa Pisa, Tuscany, 8 Member of the
1145 - 8 July O.Cist. Tertius, Italy Order of
1153 Blessed Eugene Episcopus Cistercians.
Romanus

8 July 1153 - 3 Anastasius Papa Corrado Demetri Rome 1


December 1154 IV Anastasius della Suburra
Quartus,
Episcopus
Romanus

4 December Adrian IV, Papa Nicholas England 4 Only English pope;


1154 - 1 O.S.A. Hadrianus Breakspear granted Ireland to
September 1159 Henry II, King of
Quartus, England. Member
Episcopus of the Order of St.
Romanus Augustine.

7 September Alexander III Papa Rolando Siena, 21 Convened the Third


1159 - 30 Alexander Tuscany, Italy Council of the
August 1181 Lateran, 1179
Tertius,
Episcopus
Romanus

1 September Lucius III Papa Lucius Ubaldo Lucca, 4


1181 - 25 Tertius, Tuscany, Italy
November 1185 Episcopus
Romanus
25 November Urban III Papa Urbanus Uberto Crivelli Milan, Italy 1
1185 - 19 Tertius,
October 1187 Episcopus
Romanus

21 October 1187 Gregory Papa Alberto di Morra Benevento, <1 Canon Regular
- 17 December VIII, Can. Gregorius Campania, Premostratense;
1187 Italy Proposed the Third
Reg. Octavus, Crusade
Episcopus
Romanus

19 December Clement III Papa Clemens Paolo Scolari Rome 3


1187 - 27 March Tertius,
1191 Episcopus
Romanus

30 March 1191 - Celestine III Papa Giacinto Bobone Rome 6


8 January 1198 Coelestinus
Tertius,
Episcopus
Romanus

8 January 1198 - Innocent III Papa Lothario dei Gavignano, 18 Convened the
16 July 1216 Innocentius Conti di Segni Latium, Italy Fourth Council of
the Lateran, 1215
Tertius,
Episcopus
Romanus

13th Century

Age at
Common Regnal (Latin) Personal Place of Election / # years
Pontificate Portrait Death or as Pope
Notes
English name name name birth
Resigned
18 July 1216 - 18 Honorius III Papa Honorius Cencio Rome 10
March 1227 Tertius, Episcopus
Romanus

19 March 1227 - Gregory IX Papa Gregorius Ugolino dei Anagni, 14 Canonized


22 August 1241 Nonus, Episcopus Conti di Segni Latium, Italy Elisabeth of
Romanus Hungary, 1235

25 October 1241 Celestine IV Papa Goffredo Milan, Italy <1 Died before
- 10 November Coelestinus Castiglioni coronation.
1241
Quartus,
Episcopus Romanus

25 June 1243 - 7 Innocent IV Papa Sinibaldo Genoa, Italy 11 Convened the


December 1254 Innocentius Fieschi First Council
of Lyons, 1245
Quartus,
Episcopus Romanus

12 December Alexander IV Papa Alexander Rinaldo dei Anagni, Italy 6


1254 - 25 May Quartus, Conti di Jenne
1261 Episcopus Romanus

29 August 1261 - Urban IV Papa Urbanus Jacques Troyes, 3


2 October 1264 Quartus, Pantaléon France
Episcopus Romanus

5 February 1265 - Clement IV Papa Clemens Gui Faucoi le Saint-Gilles, 3


29 November Quartus, Gros (angl: France
1268 Episcopus Romanus Guy Foulques
the Fat)
29 November interregnum Almost 3 year
1268 - 1 period without
September 1271 a valid pope
elected. This
was due to a
deadlock
among
cardinals
voting for the
pope.

1 September Gregory X Papa Gregorius Tebaldo Piacenza, 4 Convened the


1271 - 10 January Blessed Gregory Decimus, Visconti Italy Second
1276 Episcopus Romanus Council of
Lyons, 1274.

21 January 1276 - Innocent V, Papa Pierre de Savoy, <1 Member of the


22 June 1276 O.P. Innocentius Tarentaise France Dominican
Blessed Innocent Order.
Quintus,
Episcopus Romanus

11 July 1276 - 18 Adrian V Papa Hadrianus Ottobuono Genoa, Italy <1


August 1276 Quintus, Fieschi
Episcopus Romanus

8 September John XXI Papa Ioannes Pedro Hispano Lisbon, <1 Killed in the
1276 - 20 May Vicesimus Portugal collapse of his
1277 scientific
Primus, Episcopus laboratory
Romanus

25 November Nicholas III Papa Nicolaus Giovanni Rome, Italy 2


1277 - 22 August Tertius, Episcopus Gaetano Orsini
1280 Romanus

22 February 1281 Martin IV Papa Martinus Simon de Touraine, 4


- 28 March 1285 Quartus, Brion; Simon France
Episcopus Romanus de Brie
2 April 1285 - 3 Honorius IV Papa Honorius Giacomo Rome, Italy 2
April 1287 Quartus, Savelli
Episcopus Romanus

22 February 1288 Nicholas IV, Papa Nicolaus Girolamo Ascoli, Italy 4 Member of the
- 4 April 1292 O.F.M. Quartus, Masci Franciscan
Episcopus Romanus Order.

4 April 1292 - 5 interregnum 2 year period


July 1294 without a valid
pope elected.
This was due to
a deadlock
among
cardinals
voting for the
pope.

5 July 1294 - 13 Celestine V, Papa Pietro da Moline, Italy <1 One of only
December 1294 O.S.B. Coelestinus Morrone two popes who
Saint Celestine abdicated.
Quintus, Member of the
Episcopus Romanus Order of St.
Benedict.

24 December Boniface VIII Papa Bonifacius Benedetto Anagni, Italy 8


1294 - 11 Octavus, Caetani
October 1303 Episcopus Romanus
14th Century

Age at
Common Regnal (Latin) Personal Place of Election / # years
Pontificate Portrait Death or as Pope
Notes
English name name name birth
Resigned

22 October 1303 Benedict XI, Papa Benedictus Niccolò Treviso, Italy <1 Convened the
- 7 July 1304 O.P. Undecimus, Boccasini Council of
Blessed Bendedict Episcopus Romanus Vienne, 1311-
1312. Member
of the
Dominican
Order.

5 June 1305 - 20 Clement V Papa Clemens Bertrand de Bordeaux, 8 Pope at


April 1314 Quintus, Got France Avignon.
Episcopus Romanus Suppressed the
Knights
Templar at the
Council of
Vienne.

20 April 1314 - 7 interregnum 2 year period


August 1316 without a valid
pope elected.
This was due
to a deadlock
among
cardinals
voting for the
pope.

7 August 1316 - John XXII Papa Ioannes Jacques d'Euse; Cahors, France 18 Pope at
4 December Vicesimus Jacques Duèse Avignon
1334
Secundus,
Episcopus Romanus

20 December Benedict XII, Papa Benedictus Jacques Saverdun, 7 Pope at


1334 - 25 April O.Cist. Duodecimus, Fournier France Avignon.
1342 Episcopus Romanus Member of the
Order of
Cistercians.
7 May 1342 - 6 Clement VI, Papa Clemens Pierre Roger Limoges, 10 Pope at
December 1352 O.S.B. Sextus, Episcopus France Avignon
Romanus

18 December Innocent VI Papa Étienne Beyssac, 9 Pope at


1352 - 12 Innocentius Aubert; France Avignon
September 1362 Stephen Aubert
Sextus, Episcopus
Romanus

28 September Urban V, Papa Urbanus Guillaume Languedoc, 8 Pope at


1362 - 19 O.S.B. Quintus, Grimoard; France Avignon.
December 1370 Blessed Urban Episcopus Guillaume de Member of the
Grimoard Order of St.
Benedict.

30 December Gregory XI Papa Gregorius Pierre Roger de Limoges, 7 Pope at


1370 - 26 March Undecimus, Beaufort France Avignon;
1378 Episcopus Romanus returns to
Rome; last
French Pope

8 April 1378 - 15 Urban VI Papa Urbanus Bartolomeo Naples, Italy 11 Western


October 1389 Sextus, Episcopus Prignano Schism
Romanus

2 November Boniface IX Papa Bonifacius Pietro Naples, Italy 14 Western


1389 - 1 October Nonus, Episcopus Tomacelli Schism
1404 Romanus

15th Century

Pontificate Portrait Common Regnal (Latin) Personal Place of Age at # years Notes
English name name name birth Election / as
Death or
Resigned Pope

17 October 1404 Innocent VII Papa Cosimo Gentile Abruzzi, 67 / 69 [B] 2 Western Schism
- 6 November Innocentius Migliorati Italy
1406
Septimus,
Episcopus Romanus

30 November Gregory XII Papa Gregorius Angelo Correr Venice, Italy 60 / 69 [R][B] 8 Western Schism;
1406 - 4 July Duodecimus, abdicated during
1415 Episcopus Romanus the Council of
Constance, which
had been called by
his opponent John
XXIII.

4 July 1415 - 11 Interregnum Two year period


November 1417 without a valid
pope elected.
Alexander V and
John XXIII were
both antipopes
during this period.

11 November Martin V Papa Martinus Oddone Rome, Italy 48 / 62 [B] 13 Convened the
1417 - 20 Quintus, Colonna Council of Basel,
February 1431 Episcopus Romanus 1431

3 March 1431 - Eugene IV, Papa Eugenius Gabriele Venice, Italy 47 / 63 [B] 15 Member of the
23 February O.S.A. Quartus, Condulmer Augustinian Order.
1447 Episcopus Romanus Crowned
Sigismund
emperor at Rome
in 1433.

6 March 1447 - Nicholas V Papa Nicolaus Tommaso Sarzana, 49 / 57 8 Held Jubilee of


24 March 1455 Quintus, Parentucelli Liguria, 1450; crowned
Episcopus Romanus Italy Frederick III
emperor at Rome
in 1452.
8 April 1455 - 6 Callixtus III Papa Callistus Alfonso de Xàtiva, 76 / 79 3 First Spanish Pope
August 1458 Tertius, Episcopus Borgia València,
Romanus Spain

19 August 1458 Pius II Papa Pius Enea Silvio Siena, Italy 52 / 58 5


- 15 August Secundus, Piccolomini
1464 Episcopus Romanus

30 August 1464 Paul II Papa Paulus Pietro Barbo Venice, Italy 47 / 54 6 Nephew of Eugene
- 26 July 1471 Secundus, IV
Episcopus Romanus

9 August 1471 - Sixtus IV, Papa Xystus Francesco della Savona, 57 / 70 13 Member of the
12 August 1484 O.F.M. Quartus, Rovere Italy Franciscan Order.
Episcopus Romanus Commissioned the
Sistine Chapel

29 August 1484 Innocent VIII Papa Giovanni Genoa, Italy 51 / 59 [B] 7 Appointed Tomás
- 25 July 1492 Innocentius Battista Cybo de Torquemada
Octavus,
Episcopus Romanus

11 August 1492 Alexander VI Papa Alexander Rodrigo de Xàtiva, 61 / 72 11 Nephew of


- 18 August Sextus, Episcopus Lanzòl-Borgia València, Callixtus III.
1503 Romanus Spain Father to Cesare
Borgia and
Lucrezia Borgia.
Divided the extra-
European world
between Spain and
Portugal in 1493
by the Bull Inter
caetera.

16th Century
Common Age at
# years
Regnal Personal Place of Election /
Pontificate Portrait English Death or
as Notes
(Latin) name name birth Pope
name Resigned

22 September Pius III Papa Pius Francesco Siena, Tuscany, 64 / 64 <1 Nephew of Pius II
1503 - 18 Tertius, Todeschini Italy
October 1503 Episcopus Piccolomini
Romanus

31 October Julius II Papa Iulius Giuliano della Albisola, 59 / 69 9 Nephew of Sixtus


1503 - 21 Secundus, Rovere Savona, Italy IV; Convened the
February 1513 Episcopus Fifth Council of the
Romanus Lateran, 1512. Took
effective control of
the whole territory of
the Papal States for
the first time.
Proposed plans for
rebuilding of Saint
Peter's Basilica

9 March 1513 - Leo X Papa Leo Giovanni di Florence, Italy 37 / 45 8 Son of Lorenzo the
1 December Decimus, Lorenzo de' Magnificent.
1521 Episcopus Medici Excommunicated
Romanus Martin Luther

9 January 1522 Adrian VI Papa Adriaan Utrecht, Holy 62 / 64 1 The only Dutch
- 14 September Hadrianus Floriszoon Roman Empire Pope. Last non-
1523 Boeyens (presently The Italian to be elected
Sextus, Netherlands) pope until John Paul
Episcopus II in 1978. The tutor
Romanus of Emperor Charles
V

26 November Clement Papa Clemens Giulio di Florence, Italy 45 / 56 11 Cousin of Leo X.


1523 - 25 VII Septimus, Giuliano de' Rome plundered by
September Episcopus Medici imperial troops
1534 Romanus ("Sacco di Roma"),
1527. He forbade the
divorce of Henry
VIII and crowned
Charles V Emperor
at Bologna in 1530.
His niece Catherine
de' Medici was
married to the son of
the French king.
13 October Paul III Papa Paulus Alessandro Canino, Viterbo, 66 / 81 15 Opened the Council
1534 - 10 Tertius, Farnese Italy of Trent in 1545. His
November 1549 Episcopus illegitimate son
Romanus became the first
Duke of Parma.

7 February Julius III Papa Iulius Giovanni Maria Rome, Italy 62 / 67 5


1550 - 29 Tertius, Ciocchi del
March 1555 Episcopus Monte
Romanus

9 April 1555 - Marcellus II Papa Marcello Cervini Montefano, 53 / 53 <1 Last to use birth
30 April or 1 Marcellus Macerata, Italy name as regnal name
May 1555
Secundus,
Episcopus
Romanus

23 May 1555 - Paul IV Papa Paulus Giovanni Pietro Capriglia, 78 / 83 4


18 August 1559 Quartus, Carafa Campania, Italy
Episcopus
Romanus

26 December Pius IV Papa Pius Giovanni Angelo Milan, Italy 59 / 66 6 Reopened the
1559 - 9 Quartus, Medici Council of Trent,
December 1565 Episcopus 1562, it concluded
Romanus its proceedings in
1563

7 January 1566 Pius V, O.P. Papa Pius Michele Bosco, 61 / 68 6 Member of the
- 1 May 1572 Saint Pius Quintus, Ghislieri Alessandria, Dominican Order.
Episcopus Italy Excommunicated
Romanus Elizabeth I of
England, 1570.
Victory of Lepanto
1571

13 May 1572 - Gregory Papa Ugo Bologna, Italy 70 / 83 12 Reform of the


10 April 1585 XIII Gregorius Boncompagni calendar 1582
Tertius
Decimus,
Episcopus
Romanus
24 April 1585 - Sixtus V, Papa Xystus Felice Peretti Grottammare, 63 / 68 5 Member of the
27 August 1590 O.F.M. Quintus, Marche, Italy Conventual
Episcopus Franciscan Order.
Conv.
Romanus

15 September Urban VII Papa Urbanus Giovanni Rome, Italy 69 / 69 <1


1590 - 27 Septimus, Battista
September Episcopus Castagna
1590 Romanus

5 December Gregory Papa Niccolò Cremona, 55 / 56 <1


1590 - 15 /16 XIV Gregorius Sfondrati Lombardy, Italy
October 1591
Quartus
Decimus,
Episcopus
Romanus

29 October Innocent IX Papa Giovanni Bologna, Italy 72 / 72 <1


1591 - 30 Innocentius Antonio
December 1591 Facchinetti
Nonus,
Episcopus
Romanus

30 January Clement Papa Clemens Ippolito Fano, Marche, 55 / 69 13


1592 - 3 March VIII Octavus, Aldobrandini Italy
1605 Episcopus
Romanus

17th Century
Age at
Common Regnal (Latin) Personal Place of Election / # years
Pontificate Portrait Death or as Pope
Notes
English name name name birth
Resigned

1 April 1605 - 27 Leo XI Papa Leo Alessandro Florence, Italy 69 / 69 <1


April 1605 Undecimus, Ottaviano de'
Episcopus Romanus Medici

16 May 1605 - 28 Paul V Papa Paulus Camillo Rome, Italy 52 / 68 15


January 1621 Quintus, Episcopus Borghese
Romanus

9 February 1621 - Gregory XV Papa Gregorius Alessandro Bologna, Italy 67 / 69 2


8 July 1623 Quintus Decimus, Ludovisi
Episcopus Romanus

6 August 1623 - Urban VIII Papa Urbanus Maffeo Florence, Italy 55 / 76 20 Trial
29 July 1644 Octavus, Episcopus Barberini against
Romanus Galileo
Galilei

15 September Innocent X Papa Innocentius Giovanni Rome, Italy 70 / 80 10


1644 - 7 January Decimus, Battista
1655 Episcopus Romanus Pamphilj

7 April 1655 - 22 Alexander VII Papa Alexander Fabio Chigi Siena, Tuscany, 56 / 68 12
May 1667 Septimus, Italy
Episcopus Romanus

20 June 1667 - 9 Clement IX Papa Clemens Giulio Pistoia, 67 / 69 2


December 1669 Nonus, Episcopus Rospigliosi Tuscany, Italy
Romanus
29 April 1670 - Clement X Papa Clemens Emilio Altieri Rome, Italy 79 / 86 6
22 July 1676 Decimus,
Episcopus Romanus

21 September Innocent XI Papa Innocentius Benedetto Como, 65 / 78 12


1676 - 11/12 Blessed Innocent Undecimus, Odescalchi Lombardy, Italy
August 1689 XI Episcopus Romanus

6 October 1689 - Alexander Papa Alexander Pietro Vito Padova, Veneto, 79 / 80 1


1 February 1691 VIII Octavus, Episcopus Ottoboni Italy
Romanus

12 July 1691 - 27 Innocent XII Papa Innocentius Antonio Spinazzola, 76 / 85 9


September 1700 Duodecimus, Pignatelli Puglia, Italy
Episcopus Romanus

23 November Clement XI Papa Clemens Giovanni Urbino, 51 / 71 20


1700 - 19 March Undecimus, Francesco Marche, Italy
1721 Episcopus Romanus Albani

18th Century

Common Age at
# years
Regnal (Latin) Personal Election /
Pontificate Portrait English Place of birth Death or
as Notes
name name Pope
name Resigned
8 May 1721 - 7 Innocent Papa Michelangelo de Poli, Lazio, Italy 65 / 68 3
March 1724 XIII Innocentius ’Conti; Michael
Angelo Conti
Tertius
Decimus,
Episcopus
Romanus

29 May 1724 - Benedict Papa Pierfrancesco Gravina, Puglia, 75 / 81 5 Member of the


21 February XIII, O.P. Benedictus Orsini Italy Dominican
1730 Order.
Tertius
Decimus,
Episcopus
Romanus

12 July 1730 - 6 Clement Papa Clemens Lorenzo Corsini Florence, Italy 78 / 87 9


February 1740 XII Duodecimus,
Episcopus
Romanus

17 August 1740 Benedict Papa Prospero Bologna, Italy 65 / 83 17


- 3 May 1758 XIV Benedictus Lorenzo
Lambertini
Quartus
Decimus,
Episcopus
Romanus

6 July 1758 - 2 Clement Papa Clemens Carlo della Torre Venice, Veneto, 65 / 75 10
February 1769 XIII Tertius Rezzonico Italy
Decimus,
Episcopus
Romanus

19 May 1769 - Clement Papa Clemens Giovanni Sant'Arcangelo di 63 / 68 5 Member of the


22 September XIV, Quartus Vincenzo Romagna, Italy Conventual
1774 Antonio Franciscan
O.F.M. Decimus, Ganganelli Order.
Conv. Episcopus Suppressed the
Romanus Jesuit Order.

15 February Pius VI Papa Pius Count Giovanni Cesena, Italy 57 / 81 24 Condemned the
1775 - 29 Sextus, Episcopus Angelo Braschi French
August 1799 Romanus Revolution and
was expelled
from the Papal
States by
French troops
from 1798 until
his death.

14 March 1800 Pius VII, Papa Pius Barnaba Cesena, Italy 57 / 81 23 Member of the
- 20 August O.S.B. Septimus, Chiaramonti Order of St.
1823 Episcopus Benedict.
Romanus Present at
Napoleon's
coronation as
Emperor of the
French.
Temporarily
expelled from
the Papal States
by the French
between 1809
and 1814.

19th Century

Common Age at
Regnal (Latin) Personal Place of Election / # years
Pontificate Portrait English Death or as Pope
Notes
name name birth
name Resigned
28 September Leo XII Papa Leo Count Annibale Fabriano, 63 / 68 5
1823 - 10 Duodecimus, Sermattei della Marche, Italy
February 1829 Episcopus Romanus Genga

31 March 1829 - Pius VIII Papa Pius Francesco Cingoli, 67 / 69 1


1 December Octavus, Saverio Marche, Italy
1830 Episcopus Romanus Castiglioni

2 February 1831 Gregory Papa Gregorius Bartolomeo Belluno, 65 / 80 15 Member of the


- 1 June 1846 XVI, O.S.B. Sextus Decimus, Alberto Veneto, Italy Camaldolese
Cam. Episcopus Romanus Cappellari Order. The last
non-bishop to be
elected

16 June 1846 - 7 Pius IX Papa Pius Count Senigallia, 54 / 85 31 Opened First


February 1878 Blessed Pius Nonus, Episcopus Giovanni Marche, Italy Vatican Council;
IX Romanus Maria Mastai- lost the Papal
Ferretti States to Italy.
Longest serving
pope in history
(see note on St.
Peter.)

20 February Leo XIII Papa Leo Tertius Gioacchino Carpineto 67 / 93 25 Laid down the
1878 - 20 July Decimus, Vincenzo Romano, seeds of Catholic
1903 Episcopus Romanus Raffaele Luigi Latium, Italy Social Teaching
Pecci through his
encyclical,
Rerum Novarum
(On Capital and
Labor) and
supported
Christian
Democracy as
against
communism; he
is the third-
longest reigning
pope after Pius
IX (reigned for
31 years) and
John Paul II
(reigned for 26
years)
20th Century

Common Age at
# years
Regnal (Latin) Personal Place of Election /
Pontificate Portrait English Death or
as Notes
name name birth Pope
name Resigned

4 August 1903 - Pius X Papa Pius Giuseppe Riese, 68 / 79 11 Encouraged and


20 August 1914 Saint Pius X Decimus, Melchiorre Treviso, expanded reception of
Episcopus Sarto Veneto, Italy Holy Communion.
Romanus Most recent pope to be
canonized.
3 September Benedict Papa Giacomo Genoa, Italy 59 / 67 7 Credited for
1914 - 22 XV Benedictus Della Chiesa intervening for peace
January 1922 during World War I.
Quintus He is remembered by
Decimus, Pope Benedict XVI as
Episcopus "prophet of peace."
Romanus

6 February 1922 Pius XI Papa Pius Achille Desio, Milan, 64 / 81 17 Signed the Lateran
- 10 February Undecimus, Ambrogio Italy Treaty with Italy,
1939 Episcopus Damiano establishing the
Romanus Ratti Vatican City as a
sovereign state.

2 March 1939 - Pius XII Papa Pius Eugenio Rome, Italy 63 / 82 19 Invoked papal
9 October 1958 Venerable Pius Duodecimus, Maria infallibility in
XII Episcopus Giuseppe encyclical
Romanus Giovanni Munificentissimus
Pacelli Deus.

28 October John XXIII Papa Ioannes Angelo Sotto il 76 / 81 4 Opened Second


1958 - 3 June Blessed John Vicesimus Giuseppe Monte, Vatican Council;
1963 XXIII Roncalli Bergamo, sometimes called
Tertius, Italy "Good Pope John"
Episcopus
Romanus

21 June 1963 - Paul VI Papa Paulus Giovanni Concesio, 65 / 80 15 The last pope to be
6 August 1978 Servant of Sextus, Episcopus Battista Brescia, Italy crowned with the Papal
God Paul VI Romanus Enrico Tiara. Concluded
Antonio Second Vatican
Maria Council. In 1965, the
Montini specific anathemas and
excommunications
resulting in the East-
West schism of 1054
(see Pope Leo IX)
were lifted through the
"embrace of peace"
and declaration of
reconciliation by
Patriarch Athenagoras
I of Constantinople and
Pope Paul VI. In spite
of the lifting of this
historical obstacle, the
actual break in
communion between
the Roman Catholic
Church and Eastern
Orthodox Church still
exists, However, a
serious dialogue on
reconciliation between
the two churches has
taken place over the
past four decades.
26 August 1978 John Paul I Papa Ioannes Albino Forno di 65 / 65 <1 First Pope to use 'the
- 28 September Servant of Paulus Primus, Luciani Canale (now First' in regnal name.
1978 God John Paul Episcopus Canale First pope with two
I Romanus d'Agordo), names, for his two
Veneto, Italy immediate
predecessors. Died
early into a charismatic
reign.

16 October John Paul Papa Ioannes Karol Józef Wadowice, 58 / 84 26 First Polish pope and
1978 - 2 April II Paulus Wojtyła Poland first non-Italian pope
2005 Servant of in 455 years.
Secundus, Canonized more saints
God John Paul Episcopus
II than all predecessors.
Romanus Longest serving Pope
since Pius IX (1846-
1878) and 2nd longest
serving Pope to date
(see note on St. Peter. )
He is remembered as
"Pope of the Youth"
and as "the Pilgrim
Pope" for his extensive
official travel.

21st Century

Common Age at
Regnal (Latin) Personal Place of Election / # years
Pontificate Portrait English Death or as Pope
Notes
name name birth
name Resigned

19 April 2005 - Benedict Papa Joseph Alois Marktl am 78 / - 4 First German


present XVI Benedictus Ratzinger Inn, Bavaria, pope since
Germany Adrian VI in
Sextus 1523. Oldest
Decimus, to become
Episcopus pope since
Romanus Clement XII
in 1730.