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New Products

CURreENT TRI=INSFcfRMER
I
Enhanced Ouality with a Touch of Style

Rudolf launched our new encapsulated current transforrner. Portraying a revolutionary unique design encase using ABS/PC material, we provide
enhance quality with a touch of style

The various d ifferentleiting factors govern the


manufacturing of Rudolf current transformer lie in both

the choice of world-class raw material and a 100% testing to complete the supply. We are committed to provide our customer with undiscounted quality and complete assurance of compliance to lnternational
standard.

Basic Features
Correct selection of current transformer is important
as the fundamental usage of CT is:

1) to obtain proportional current in accordance 'to


specify accuracy and objectives; power circuit.

2) to insulate control & measuring / protection'from


Application
Measuiring current transformer is intended to supply

Company lntroduction
Bridex Singapore Pte Ltd is founded in 19/B as a
manufacturer of instruments transformer for the Asian

to indicative devices, integrated meter and similar


apparatus.

They are characterized by their accu racy and for


saturating at moderate overcurrent, This effect protects

market. We are the first local electrical switchgear


components manufacturer that launches our own Asian

the measuring instruments from possible overcurrent.


Protective current transformer is intended to supply to protective relays whereby accuracy of CT need to be kept especially during overload conditions.

- RuooLF Today we aim to become a knowledge-based,


ioentity

technology driven engineering organization, with


emphasis on providing solution for electrical distribution

Construction
The high-grade silicon steel core is annealed, varnished

and control, in area of instruments, distribution &


protection and power quality solution in area of power

then insulated with polycarbonate core caps, The


secondary winding is toroidally wound by high precision semi-automatic machinery. For the tape wound ring

quality audit & power quality system and motor


controller. With our present headquarter in Singapore and subsidiaries that are located in Aust ralia, Malaysia,

type current transformer, the PEW coated windings


are then covered with elephantite papq varnished and double-tapped with PVC tapes. For the encapsulated type current transformer, the windings are enclosed in a compact and heat resistant split cap.

Philippines and Vietnam, we are well equipped to service both local market and countries in the Asia
Pacific,

Product lntroduction
Rudolf, creating a world class standard in the supply of current transformer, offers a comprehension range for both the measuring and protection applications.

Selection criteria

1) Application - protection or measurement

2)

lnformation on associated relay or instrument

o . . .

Ranges available are: Encapsulated type; Tape wound ring type;

- nominal current - accuracy - burden

Split core encapsulated type; Class X tape wound ring type;

3)

loss contribute from power loss in power line

- distance between transformer & instruments - diameter of cable use for connection

Designed to meet the highest standards in accordance

to IEC 60044-1 , Rudolf current transformer provides


you with a world-class product manufactured with our assurance to comply with international standard,

4)

environmental features

- indoor/ outdoor - operating temperature - etc...

lmportant of Burden
Burden is tne irnpedance cf the secondary circuit in chnrs and ptv;er factor. For ihe rteasuremgnt instrumeni or pr"otecticn relay cperating vio. a ii'ansii)iiici', r:r cr'..jer t,).):)eraie tireir, the prri-:iary curreni has tc induce ihe power' required in the seccndai'.'' :urrc;'ri cf ihc instrrrrnent or relay.
This inCuced power rnust L:e eqr:al or higher ihan the lcsses rn the pcwer line + consrnrntion o{ the measurement instrurnent cr protecttcn relali,

The i:urCen imposed cn a current transfcrnrer consist nainly of: - The impe.iance rf pilot wii'e !:etween current transiormer and instrumentslrelay - The ii'npeCance of the rnstrL;ment / relay - The sr-im of the airave constiiuie the erternai burCen required

Table illustrating some typical instruments and its typical consumPtion

iv4';"'ing

irci :r ;sirumeiis

U.J :JVI\

Mcving coii insirurnents

Table guide for pilot lead burden


25 1.0 0.9

t O
a
UJ

o.7
u_o

t U
O
ul

z o z ul
o
cc

()

0.5 4.4 0.3 4.2


o.1

z o z uJ
o
E

) dl

10

15

20

APPROX. DISTANCE iDOUBLE WIRE RUN) - C.T. TO RELAY (rN METERS)

lmportant of accuracy & phase angle


Curreni error is an error that arises when the current value of the actual transformation ratio is not equal to rated transformation ratio. Current error (%) = {(Kn x ls

lp) x 1CO}/lp

Kn = rated transfornraiion ratio lp = actual primary current ls = actual secondary curreni


Evzmnla

ln ease of a 2000/5,4 class 1 SVA current transforrner Kn = 2000/5 = 400 turn lp = 20C0A ls = 4.9A

Current eytot =

{(aOO

x 4.9

2000)x100}/2000 = -2Vo

For protection class current transformer, the accuracy class is designed by the highest permissible percentage

composiie error at the accuracy limit primary current prescribed for the accuracy class concerned.
Accuracy class includes: 5P, 10P Standard accuracy limit factor are: 5,

i0,

15, 20, 30

By phase angle
Phase error is the difference in phase between primary & secondary current vectors, the direction of the vectors to be zero for a perfect transformer, You will experience a positive phase displacement when secondary current vector lead primary current vecior. Unit of scale expressed in minutes / centiradians. Circular measure = (unit in radian) is the ratio of the distance measured along the arc to the radrus.

Angular measure = (unit in degree) is obtained by dividing the angle subtended at the center of a circle
into 360 deg equal division known as "degrees". Table - limits of cuffent error and phase displacement {Classes O.l To I )

for measuring current transformer

Table

For special application

limits of current error and phase displacement for measuring current transformer

Table

limits of current error for measuring current transformers {classes 3 and 5}

Table

limits of error for protection current transformer

Specifications
Standard Rated operational voltage (Un) Rated {requency Ambient temperature Operating humiCity Rated short time thermal current (ith) Rated dynamic current (ldyn) lnsulation Dielectric strength Thermal class cf insulation Casing lndex oi proiection - casing lndex of protection - cover Accuracy class Burden Rated primary current Rated seccndary curreni 1EC60044-1 2003-02
72AV

cJ/cuill -5140 deg C up to 95% relative hurnidity


2"55 x lth between primary iseccnCary conductor >500m0 between tcriod core/secondarv conductor >200mf) 2kV 1 minutes
B

non-flammable, polycarbonaie seli extinguishing ABSIPC


tP20

sealable lP20
Vleasuring C.5, 1, 3 Proteclion 5R 10P

rangingfrom3-30VA
ranging from up to 60004

...15Aor.../1A

Class X Current Transformer


Class X current transformer is use in conjunction with high impedance circulating current differential protection relay, eg restricted earlh fault relay. As illustrated in 1EC60044-'1, the class X current transformer is needed. The following illustrates the method to size a class X current transformer.

Step l: calculating knee point voltage Vkp Vkp = {2 x lft (Rct+Rw)}/ k


Vkp = rgqlr;5ed CT knee point voltage lfl = max transformer through fault in ampere Rct = OT secondary winding resistance in ohms Rw = loop irnpedance of pilot wire between CT and the K = CT transformation ratio

Step 2: calculate Transformer through fault lft = (KVAx 1000)i(1 .732xVx lmpedance)
KVA = transformer rating in kVA

lft

V = transformer secondary voltage lmpedance = transformer impedance

Step 3: How to obtain Rct


To measure when CT is produce

Step 4: How to obtain Rw


This is ihe resistance of the pilot wire used to connect the Sth class X CT at the transformer star point to the relay in the LV switchboard. Please obtain this data from the Flectrical contractor or consultant. We provide a table to serve as a general guide on cable resistance.
Example: Transformer Capacity Transformer impedance Voltage system Current Current Current Current

2s00kvA
6"/o

22kV

/ 415V 3phase 4 wire

transformer transformer transformer transformer

ratio

4000/5A
Class X PRl O 1 BsV 1.A2Q (measured)

type Vkp
Rct

Pilot wire resistance Rw

25 meters using
6.0mm sq cable

=2x25x0.0032
= 0..16C)

lft

= (kVAx 1000) / (1.732xVxinnpedance) = (2500 x 1000) / (1 .732 x 415 x 0.06) = 57,968 round up 58,0004

Vkp ={2x|ft(Rct+Rw)}/k
= {2 x 58000
(1

,02+0,16) } i 800

= 171.1V
Rudolf Class X CT with knee point voltage of 1B5V is suitable to be use in thls application.

Encapsulated Curent Transformer


Selection Guide

60/54

3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
J

ui

00/54

3 3 3

b 5 5 5 5

120/54
r
1

00/54 50/54

7.5

'10

3 15 15 15
2A 2A

20a/54 25A/54 300/54 20a/54 254/54


s)

10

7.5 7.5 7.5


10
-10

!l J

7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7,5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5

10
'10 '10

5 5 5 5

5 5 7.5 10
15

2A

30

3 3

15

20

3 3

t0
t0 t0 t0 t0
10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10

15

7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5

t0 t0
10 15 15 15
.15

3
J

5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5

300/54 400/5A 500/54


60015A

l5
15

20 20 20
20

7.5 7.5
10 10
'15

30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30
3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3

5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 b .t 3 3 5 5 5 5 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 5 5 5 5 5 5

20 20 20 30 30

t5
15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 5 15

t0
t0
r0
10 10 10 10 10
IU

3 3 3

2A 2A

7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5

10
'10

15

30

400/5A 500/5A 600/54


lr')

5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 b 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5

20 20 20 20 20 20
2C)

15 15 15 15 15 15

20
2A 2A 2A 2A 2A 2A 2A 2A 2A
2A 2A

10 10 10

'15

30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30

3 3 3 3 3

2A 2A 2A 2A 2A

800/5A
1

t5 t5 t5 t5
15

30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30

tr

000/54

7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7,5 7.5 7,5 7,5

10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
'10

1200/5A
1

600/54

t5
15
'15

800/54
1

20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20

30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30

3 3

10

2a
2A 2A 2A 2A 2A 2A 2A 2A 2A 2A 2A 2A
2A

000/sA 200/54 600/54

l0
10 10 10

3 3 3 3 3
J

5 5 5 5 5 5 5

t5
15 15
'15

(s
TN
1

t5 t5 t5
'15

7.5 7.5 7.5

2000/5A 1200/54
N\.. 1

io
10 10 10 10

t0
10

t5
'15

600/54

t5 t5

2A 2A 2A 2A 2A 2A 2A 2A

[u

2000/54 2500/54
r

7.5 7.5 7.5

l0
'10

t5

l5
'15

l5
t5 t5 t5 t5
'15

30 30 30 30 30 30

600/54

l0
t0

l0
10 10

30 30 30 30 30
3 3

5 5 5 5 5

7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5

2AOO/54

t5 t5
15 15

2500/54 3000/5A 3200/5A

t0

7.5 7.5

l0 l0

l0
'10

10 10

(.5

Dimension Drara4ing

Subjected ta change without priar natice

Ordering lnformation
NRE
-

3ZO-3ZO-0060-tB

B = cw bracket

1=/1A
81 = cw bracket &/1A

Typq
far tape wound
1 = SR/PR]

2 = SR/PR2 3 = SF/PF3

4=SR./PRz
5 6 7 8 9 = = = = = SR/PR5 SR/PR6 SR/PR7 SR/PR8 SRiPR9

A = SR/PRI O C = SR/PR1 1 D = SR/PRI 2 E = SR/PR] 3 F = SR/PRI 4 G = SR/PR15


H = SR/PR1 6

for encapsulated 0 = RE01

l=Htli c _ DEOr
5 = RE51 6 = RE61
/ =nfr/ B = REB1
I

Primary ratio
0060 = 60/54

guraen/ns for class X secondary resistance


320 = 3VA
5ZO

sVA

725 = 7 .sVA 010 = 1OvA 0'15 = 15VA 020 = 20vA

metering 320=class3
120 = class 025 = class
1

AccutacyfKpv for class X knee point Volt


protection

S05=5P5
S10=5P10
T05 = I0P5 T10 = 10P10 T20 = 10?20

0.5 022 = class O.2


Application

NRE = metering encapsulated

NRM = metering tape wound NRP = protection tape wound NRX = class X

BRIDEX
BRIDEX AUSTRALIA

Pw LTD Box 260

Frenchs Forest NSW 2086 sales@bridex.com.au www.bridex.com.au


Fax 02 9986 1766 Fax 07 3881 6467 Fax 03 9484 4899
?

Sydney

Unil1220NarabangWayBetrose NSW2085 ph 0299g6 1711 ph 07 3g81 6450 162 South Pine Road Brendale eLD 4500 Melbourne Unit 12 1 Bell Street Preston VIC 3072 ph 0394847227

Brisbane