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Overhead Cranes Analysis Document September, 2005

Proposed Wording ANSI 30.11 Monorail and Underhung ANSI 30.17 Overhead and Gantry cranes Top running bridge, single girder, underhung hoist ANSI 30.2 Overhead and Gantry Top running bridge, single or multiple girder, top running trolley hoist Notes/Comments

Overhead cranes WAC 296-880-200 WAC 296-880-200 Introduction WAC 296-880-200 through 296-88024015 apply to the following styles of cranes, whether power-driven or hand operated, as well as to related equipment: Cranes with top running or underhung bridges using top or underhung trolleys. Gantry, semigantry, and cantilever gantry cranes. Wall or pedestal mounted jib cranes. Polar cranes. Monorail systems. Section 11-0.1: Scope Within the general scope defined in Section I, B30.11 applies to underhung cranes and monorail systems where load-carrying members, such as end trucks or carriers (trolleys) travel either on the external or internal (See Fig. 9) lower flange of a runway track section, single monorail track, crane bridge girder, or jib boom (see Fig 1), including all curves, switches, transfer devices, lift and drop sections, and associated equipment. This volume includes provisions of both power-driven and hand-operated equipment on which the carriers are independently controlled. This equipment is grouped together because of the similarity of construction and because of common considerations which are peculiar to this type of equipment. Systems used for transporting personnel require special considerations and are not included in this volume. Also excluded from this volume are conveyor systems, including power and free conveyors. Section 17-0.1: Scope Within the general scope defined in Section I, B30.17 applies to overhead and gantry cranes with a top running bridge, of singlegirder construction, using one or more underhung hoists (See ASME B30.16) operating on the bottom flange of the bridge girder. This Volume includes both power driven and hand-operated equipment. Section 2-0.1 Scope Within the general scope defined in Section I, B30.2 applies to overhead and gantry cranes with a top running bridge of single or multiple girder construction, utilizing a top running trolley, including polar, semigantry, cantilever gantry, wall cranes, and others having the same fundamental characteristics. This volume includes both power-driven and hand operated equipment. These cranes are grouped because they all have top running trolleys and similar travel characteristics.

Overhead Cranes Analysis Document September, 2005


Proposed Wording ANSI 30.11 Monorail and Underhung ANSI 30.17 Overhead and Gantry cranes Top running bridge, single girder, underhung hoist ANSI 30.2 Overhead and Gantry Top running bridge, single or multiple girder, top running trolley hoist Notes/Comments

WAC 296-880-210 Design and installation requirements for overhead cranes Summary Your Responsibility: To make sure overhead cranes are safe for operation. Overhead cranes design and construction requirements WAC 296-880-21005

Overhead Cranes Analysis Document September, 2005


Proposed Wording ANSI 30.11 Monorail and Underhung ANSI 30.17 Overhead and Gantry cranes Top running bridge, single girder, underhung hoist Section IV: New and Existing Installations. (a) Effective Date. The effective date of this volume for the purpose of defining new and existing installations shall be 1 year after its date of issuance. (b) New Installations. Construction, installation, inspection, testing, maintenance, and operation of equipment manufactured and facilities constructed after the effective date of this volume shall conform to the mandatory requirements of this volume. (c) Existing Installations. Inspection, testing, maintenance, and operation of equipment manufactured and facilities constructed prior to the effective date of this volume shall be done, as applicable, in accordance with the requirements of this volume. It is not the intent of this volume to require retrofitting of existing equipment. When an item is being modified, however, its performance requirement shall be reviewed relative to the current volume. If the performance differs substantially, the need to meet the current requirements shall be evaluated by a qualified person selected by the owner (user). Recommended changes shall be made by the owner (user) within 1 year. ANSI 30.2 Overhead and Gantry Top running bridge, single or multiple girder, top running trolley hoist Section IV: New and Existing Installations a) Effective Date. The effective date of this volume for the purpose of defining new and existing installations shall be 1 year after its date of issuance. b) New Installations. Construction, installation, inspection, testing, maintenance, and operation of equipment manufactured and facilities constructed after the effective date of this volume shall conform with the mandatory requirements of this volume. c) Existing Installations. Inspection, testing, maintenance, and operation of equipment manufactured and facilities constructed prior to the effective date of this volume shall be done, as applicable, in accordance with the requirements of this volume. It is not the intent of this volume to require retrofitting of existing equipment. However, when an item is being modified, its performance requirement shall be reviewed relative to the current volume. If the performance differs substantially, the need to meet the current requirement shall bee evaluated by a qualified person selected by the owner (user). Recommended changes shall be made by the owner (user) within 1 year. Notes/Comments

WAC 296-880-21005 Overhead cranes design and construction requirements You must

Section IV: New and Existing Installations. (a) Effective Date. The effective date of this volume for the purpose of defining new and existing installations shall be 1 year after its Make sure all cranes in use prior to date of issuance. May 1, 2004, meet the design, (b) New Installations. Construction, construction and stability installation, inspection, testing, requirements as defined by the maintenance, and operation of appropriate American National equipment manufactured and Standard Institute regulation, either: facilities constructed after the - USAS B30.2 - 1967, Overhead effective date of this volume shall and Gantry Cranes; conform with the mandatory OR requirements of this volume. - ANSI B30.11 - 1973, Monorail (c) Existing Installations. Inspection, Systems and Underhung testing, maintenance, and operation Cranes; of equipment manufactured and OR facilities constructed prior to the - ANSI B30.17 - 1973, Single effective date of this volume shall be Girder Top Running Cranes. done, as applicable, in accordance with the requirements of this volume. Make sure all new cranes acquired It is not the intent of this volume to for use on or after May 1, 2004, meet require retrofitting of existing the design, construction, and stability equipment. However, when an item requirements as defined in this is being modified, its performance section and either: requirement shall be reviewed - ASME B30.2 - 1996, Overhead relative to the current volume. If the and Gantry Cranes, including performance differs substantially, the addenda A 1997, addenda B, need to meet the current 1998, and addenda C, 2001; requirements shall be evaluated by a Or qualified person selected by the - ASME B30.11 - 1998, Monorail owner (user). Recommended Systems and Underhung changes shall be made by the owner Cranes, including addenda A, (user) within 1 year. 1999;' or - ASME B30.17 - 1998, Overhead and Gantry Cranes (Top

May, 2004 date will be changed to the effective date of this standard

Overhead Cranes Analysis Document September, 2005


Proposed Wording ANSI 30.11 Monorail and Underhung ANSI 30.17 Overhead and Gantry cranes Top running bridge, single girder, underhung hoist ANSI 30.2 Overhead and Gantry Top running bridge, single or multiple girder, top running trolley hoist Notes/Comments

WAC 296-880-220 Hoisting equipment on overhead cranes Summary Your responsibility: To make sure hoisting equipment on overhead cranes is used correctly. Sheaves on overhead cranes WAC 296-880-22005 Hoisting ropes on overhead cranes WAC 296-880-22010 Reeving accessories on overhead cranes WAC 296-880-22015 Hooks on overhead cranes WAC 296-880-22020

Overhead Cranes Analysis Document September, 2005


Proposed Wording ANSI 30.11 Monorail and Underhung 11-1.10 Hoisting equipment Manual or powered hoist units used as part of a monorail or underhung crane system shall comply with requirements as stated in ASME B30.16. ANSI 30.17 Overhead and Gantry cranes Top running bridge, single girder, underhung hoist 17-1.14 Hoisting Equipment Electrical and mechanical requirements for the hoist shall be in accordance with the provisions of ASME B30.16. ANSI 30.2 Overhead and Gantry Top running bridge, single or multiple girder, top running trolley hoist 2-1.14.1 Sheaves (a) Sheave grooves shall be free from surface defects which could cause rope damage. The cross sectional radius at the bottom of the groove should be such as to form a close-fitting saddle for the size of rope used. The sides of the groove shall be tapered outward and rounded at the rim to facilitate entrance of the rope into the groove. Flange rims shall run true about the axis of rotation. (b) Sheaves carrying ropes, which can be momentarily unloaded, shall be provided with close-fittting guards, or other devices, to guide the rope back into the groove when the load is reapplied. (c) The sheaves in the bottom block shall be equipped with close-fitting guards that will minimize the possibility of ropes becoming fouled when the block is lying on the ground with the ropes loose. (d) All running sheaves shall be equipped with means for lubrication. Permanently lubricated, sealed, or shielded bearings shall be acceptable. 2-1.14.3 Ropes (a) The hoisting ropes shall be of a recommended construction for crane service. The total load (rated load plus weight of load block) divided by the number of parts of line shall not exceed 20% of the minimum breaking strength of the rope. (b) Socketing shall be done in a manner recommended by the rope or fitting manufacturer or a qualified person. (c) Rope shall be secured to the drum as follows: Notes/Comments

WAC 296-880-22005 Sheaves on overhead cranes You must Make sure sheaves are - Smooth and free from surface defects that could cause rope damage - Guarded in a way that prevents the rope from jamming.

11 and 17 refer to 30.16 for the hoisting equipment. These are manufacturers requirements; however we added the parts of (a) and (b) that give the employers guidance as to when they need replaced and make sure theyre guarded.

16-1.2.4 Rope Sheaves (electric or airpowered hoists only) (a) The grooves shall be free from surface conditions or damage that could cause accelerated wear or damage to the rope. (b) Sheaves shall be so mounted as to guard against rope jamming in normal conditions. (c) All running sheave bearings except permanently lubricated bearings should be equipped with means for lubrication.

WAC 296-880-22010 Hoisting ropes on overhead cranes You must Make sure wire rope is used as follows: - Use only wire ropes recommended for crane service. - Make sure the rated load divided by the number of parts of rope does not exceed twenty percent of the minimum breaking

16-1.2.6 Ropes (Electric or Air Powered Hoists only) 16.1.2.6(a) The hoisting ropes shall be of a construction recommended for hoist service. The rated load divided by the number of parts (lines) of rope shall not exceed 20% of the nominal breaking strength of the rope. When rope and rope core may be exposed to an environmental condition under which rope or core would be damaged, a rope and core having resistance to the conditions shall be used.

Used paragraph in its entirety. (e) and (f) are in the next section. (h) of 30.2 is in the repair section.

Overhead Cranes Analysis Document September, 2005


Proposed Wording ANSI 30.11 Monorail and Underhung ANSI 30.17 Overhead and Gantry cranes Top running bridge, single girder, underhung hoist 16-1.2.6(b) Socketing shall be done in a manner recommended by the rope of fitting manufacturer or a qualified person. 16-1.2.6(c) Eye splices shall be made in a manner recommended by the rope or hoist manufacturer or a qualified person. Rope thimbles should be used in the eye. 16-1.2.6(g) If a load is supported by more than one part of rope, the tension on the parts shall be equalized. 16-1.2.6(c) The rope ends shall be attached to the hoist in a manner to prevent disengagement throughout rated hook travel No less than two wraps of rope shall remain on each anchorage of the hoist drum when the hook is in its extreme low position unless a lower limit device is provided, in which case no less than one wrap shall remain on each anchorage of the drum 16-1.2.6(h) Wherever exposed to ambient temperatures at the rope in excess of 180deg F (82degC), rope having an independent wire-rope or wire-strand core, or other temperature-damage-resistant core, shall be used 16-1.2.6(e) Wire-rope clips shall be dropforged steel of the single saddle (U-bolt) or double saddle type clip. Malleable cast iron clips shall not be used. For spacing, number of clips, and torque values, refer to the clip manufacturers recommendation. Wire-rope clips attached with U-bolts shall have the U-bolt over the dead end of the rope and the live rope resting in the clip saddle. Clips shall be tightened evenly to the recommended torque. After the initial ANSI 30.2 Overhead and Gantry Top running bridge, single or multiple girder, top running trolley hoist (1) No less than two wraps of rope shall remain on the drum at each anchorage o the hoisting drum when the hook is in its extreme low position unless a lower-limit device is provided, in which case no less than one wrap shall remain. (2) The rope end shall be anchored by a clamp attached to the drum, or by a socket arrangement specified by the crane or rope manufacturer. The rope clamps shall be tightened evenly to the manufacturers recommended torque. 2-1.14.4 Equalizers. If a load is supported by more than one part of rope, the tension in the parts shall be equalized. 2-1.14.3(g) Wherever exposed to ambient temperatures at the rope in excess of 180deg F (82degC), rope having an independent wire-rope or wire-strand core, or other temperature-damage-resistant core, shall be used. Notes/Comments

strength of the rope. Use rope appropriate for the conditions, such as environmental conditions and extreme heat. - Follow the manufacturer's recommendations when socketing. - Make sure tension in all parts of the rope is equal, if more than one part is used to support the load. Attach the wire rope to the crane as follows: - The rope end must be anchored securely by a clamp attached to the drum or a socket arrangement specified by the crane or rope manufacturer. - There must be enough rope so that at least two wraps of rope are on the drum when the hook is in its lowest position. -

This is covered by appropriate for the conditions

WAC 296-880-22015 Reeving accessories on overhead cranes You must Use reeving accessories correctly, as follows: - Attach u-bolts on the dead or short end of the rope, with the live end resting in the saddle (see illustration 2001)

2-1.14.3 (e) Wire rope clips shall be dropforged steel of the single-saddle (U-bolt) or double-saddle type. Malleable cast iron clips shall not be used. For spacing, number of clips, and torque values, refer to the clip manufacturers recommendation. Wire rope clips attached with U-bolts shall have the U-bolt over the dead end of the rope and live rope resting in the clip saddle. Clips shall be tightened evenly to the

Used ANSI paragraph in its entirety.

Overhead Cranes Analysis Document September, 2005


Proposed Wording ANSI 30.11 Monorail and Underhung ANSI 30.17 Overhead and Gantry cranes Top running bridge, single girder, underhung hoist load is applied to the rope, the clip nuts shall be retightened to the recommended torque to compensate for any decrease in rope diameter caused by the load. Rope clip nuts should be retightened periodically to compensate for any further decrease in rope diameter during usage. ANSI 30.2 Overhead and Gantry Top running bridge, single or multiple girder, top running trolley hoist recommended torque. After the initial load is applied to the rope, the clip nuts shall be retightened to the recommended torque to compensate for any decrease in rope diameter caused by the load. Rope clip nuts should be retightened periodically to compensate for any further decrease in rope diameter during usage. Notes/Comments

Use only drop-forged steel clips, not malleable cast iron Follow the clip manufacturers recommendation for spacing, number of clips, and tightening evenly to the recommended torque values Retighten all nuts on clip bolts after newly installed rope has been in operation for an hour

Make sure swaged or compressed fittings are applied as recommended by the rope or crane manufacturer WAC 296-880-22020 Hooks on overhead cranes You must: Make sure hooks: - Are equipped with latches, unless using a latch creates a hazardous condition. - Meet the manufacturer's recommendations. - Are not overloaded. WAC 296-880-230 Inspections, Maintenance and Testing on Overhead Cranes Your responsibility To keep overhead cranes in safe operating condition by performing regular inspections, maintenance and testing.

16-1.2.6(f) Swaged or compressed fittings shall be applied as recommended by the rope, hoist, or fitting manufacturer or a qualified person. 16-1.2.9 Hooks. If hooks are of the swiveling type, they should rotate freely. Hooks shall be equipped with latches unless use of the latch creates a hazardous condition. When required, a latch shall be provided to bridge the throat opening of the hook and retain, under slack conditions, such items as, but not limited to, slings and chains. Refer to ASME B30.10.

2-1.14.3(f) Swaged or compressed fittings shall be applied as recommended by the rope, crane, or fitting manufacturer or qualified person. 2-1.14.5 Hooks. Hooks shall meet the manufacturers recommendations and shall not be overloaded. If hooks are of the swiveling type, they should rotate freely. Latch-equipped hooks shall be used unless the application makes the use of the latch impractical or unnecessary. When required, a latch or mousing shall be provided to bridge the throat opening of the hook for the purpose of retaining slings, chains, or other similar parts, under slack conditions (see ASME B30.10)

Used ANSI paragraph in its entirety.

Overhead Cranes Analysis Document September, 2005


Proposed Wording ANSI 30.11 Monorail and Underhung ANSI 30.17 Overhead and Gantry cranes Top running bridge, single girder, underhung hoist ANSI 30.2 Overhead and Gantry Top running bridge, single or multiple girder, top running trolley hoist Notes/Comments

Important! The levels of service (light, normal, heavy, and severe) that determine the frequencies of inspections are defined differently depending on the style of crane you are operating. Use Table 2001 to find out the level of service for your overhead crane. (see table 200-1) Initial inspections on overhead cranes WAC 296-880-23005 Frequent inspections on overhead cranes WAC 296-880-23010 Periodic inspections on overhead cranes WAC 296-880-23015 Wire rope replacement on overhead cranes WAC 296-880-23020 Chain replacement on overhead cranes WAC 296-880-23025 Maintenance and repair on overhead cranes WAC 296-880-23030 Repair or replacement of hooks on overhead cranes WAC 296-880-23035 Operational tests on overhead cranes WAC 296-880-23040

Overhead Cranes Analysis Document September, 2005


Proposed Wording ANSI 30.11 Monorail and Underhung 30.11-2.1.1(a) Initial Inspection. New, reinstalled, altered, repaired, and modified cranes shall be inspected by a designated person prior to initial use to verify compliance with applicable provisions of this volume. ANSI 30.17 Overhead and Gantry cranes Top running bridge, single girder, underhung hoist 30.17-2.1.1 (a) Initial Inspection. New, reinstalled, altered, repaired, and modified cranes shall be inspected by a designated person prior to initial use to verify compliance with applicable provisions of this volume. 30.17-2.1.1(a)(cont.) Inspection of altered, repaired, and modified cranes may be limited to the provisions affected by the alteration, repair, or modification, as determined by a qualified person. ANSI 30.2 Overhead and Gantry Top running bridge, single or multiple girder, top running trolley hoist 30.2-2.1.1(a) Initial Inspection. New, reinstalled, altered, repaired, and modified cranes shall be inspected by a designated person prior to initial use to verify compliance with applicable provisions of this volume. 30.2-2.1.1(a)(cont.) Inspection of altered, repaired, and modified cranes may be limited to the provisions affected by the alteration, repair, or modification, as determined by a qualified person. Notes/Comments

WAC 296-880-23005 Initial Inspections on overhead cranes You must Make sure a designated person inspects all cranes before initial use and whenever the equipment has been Altered Repaired Modified Reinstalled Note: A qualified person can limit the inspection to the areas affected by the alteration, repair or modification You must Make sure this inspection includes all items in Table 200-2, Frequent Inspection Checklist, and Table 2003, Periodic Inspection Checklist.

30.11 doesnt have the piece about limiting the inspection, but putting it in as a note gives users an option, doesnt change requirements.

Overhead Cranes Analysis Document September, 2005


Proposed Wording ANSI 30.11 Monorail and Underhung 30.11-2.1.4(a) Equipment that has been idle for a period of one month or more, but less than one year, shall be inspected in accordance with para. 11-2.1.2 before being placed into service. 30.11-2.1.2(a) Frequent inspections shall be performed at intervals defined in para. 11-2.1.1(b)(1) and shall include observations during operation. 30.11-2.1.2(c) A designated person shall determine whether conditions found during the inspection constitute a hazard and require a more detailed inspection. 30.11-2.3.3(a) Any condition disclosed by the inspections performed in accordance with the requirements of Section 11-2.1, that is determined to be a hazard to continued operation, shall be corrected by adjustment, repair, or replacement before continuing the use of the equipment. ANSI 30.17 Overhead and Gantry cranes Top running bridge, single girder, underhung hoist 30.17-2.1.4(a) A crane that is used in infrequent service, which has been idle for a period of one month or more, but less than 1 year, shall be inspected before being placed in service in accordance with the requirements listed in para. 17-2.1.2. 30.17-2.1.2(a) Frequent inspection shall include observations during operation. 30.17-2.1.2(b) A designated person shall determine whether conditions found during the inspection constitute a hazard and a more detailed inspection is required. 2-17.3.3(a) Any condition disclosed by the inspections performed in accordance with the requirements of Section 17-2.1, that is determined to be a hazard to continued operation, shall be corrected by adjustment, repair, or replacement before continuing to use the crane. ANSI 30.2 Overhead and Gantry Top running bridge, single or multiple girder, top running trolley hoist 30.2-2.1.4(a) A crane that is used in infrequent service, which has been idle for a period of one month or more, but less than 1 year, shall be inspected before being placed in service in accordance with the requirements listed in para. 2-2.1.2. 30.2-2.1.2(a) Frequent inspection shall include observations during operation. 30.2-2.1.2(b) A designated person shall determine whether conditions found during the inspection constitute a hazard and whether a more detailed inspection is required. 2-2.3.3(a) Any condition disclosed by the inspections performed in accordance with the requirements of Section 2-2.1, that is determined to be a hazard to continued operation, shall be corrected by adjustment, repair, or replacement before continuing the use of the equipment. Notes/Comments

WAC 296-880-23010 Frequent inspections on overhead cranes You must Make sure a designated person conducts frequent inspections as follows: Inspect all items in Table 200-2, Frequent Inspection Checklist. Examine any problems observed during the operation of the crane. Have a designated person conduct a more detailed inspection if hazardous conditions are found. Make sure the crane is not used until any hazardous conditions found during the inspection have been corrected.

Used ANSI paragraphs in their entirety.

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Overhead Cranes Analysis Document September, 2005


Proposed Wording ANSI 30.11 Monorail and Underhung 30.11-2.1.2(b)Hoist inspections shall be in accordance wit ASME B30.16, para. 16-2.1.2, Frequent inspection. 30.11-2.1.2(d) The upper limit device on the hoist shall be checked, without a load on the hook, at the beginning of each work shift. Care shall be exercised. The load block shall be inched into its limit or run in at low speed. 30.11-2.1.2(e) Other items to be checked based on classification of service include the following: 1) operating mechanisms for proper operation, proper adjustment, and unusual sounds; 2) tanks, valves, pumps, lines, and other parts of air or hydraulic systems for leakage. ANSI 30.17 Overhead and Gantry cranes Top running bridge, single girder, underhung hoist 30.17-2.1.2(c) The following items shall be inspected: 1) operating mechanisms for proper operation, proper adjustment, and unusual sounds 2) upper-limit device(s) in accordance with ASME B30.16 3) tanks, valves, pumps, lines, and other parts of air or hydraulic systems for leakage; 4) hooks and hook latches (if used) in accordance with ASME B30.10; 5) hoists in accordance with ASME B30.16. ANSI 30.2 Overhead and Gantry Top running bridge, single or multiple girder, top running trolley hoist 2-2.1.2(c) The following items shall be inspected 1. operating mechanisms for proper operation, proper adjustment, and unusual sounds 2. upper-limit device(s) in accordance with para. 2-3.2.4(a); 3. tanks, valves, pumps, lines, and other parts of air or hydraulic systems for leakage; 4. hooks and hook latches (if used) in accordance with ASME B30.10; 5. hoist ropes and end connections in accordance with para. 2-2.4.1(a); and 6. rope of proper spooling onto the drum(s) and sheave(s). Notes/Comments

Table 200-2

Used ANSI paragraphs in entirety. 30.11 refers us to 30.16, which covers hooks (16-2.1.2(c)(5)

WAC 296-880-23015 Periodic inspections on overhead cranes

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Overhead Cranes Analysis Document September, 2005


Proposed Wording ANSI 30.11 Monorail and Underhung 30.11-2.1.1(b)(2) Periodic inspection. Visual inspection by an appointed person making records of apparent external conditions to provide the to provide the basis for a continuing evaluation, as follows: a) normal service, equipment in place, annually; b) heavy service as in (a) normal service, unless external conditions indicate that disassembly should be done to permit detailed inspection, semiannually; c) severe service as in (b), heavy service, quarterly 30.11-2.1.4(b) Equipment that has been idle for a period of one year or more shall be inspected in accordance with para. 112.1.3 30.11-2.1.3(c) A qualified person shall examine any deficiencies found during the inspection to determine whether conditions found constitute a hazard, require disassembly for further inspection, or require replacement. 30.11-2.3.3(a) Any condition disclosed by the inspections performed in accordance with the requirements of Section 11-2.1 that is determined to be a hazard to continued operation shall be corrected by adjustment, repair, or replacement before continuing the use of the equipment. 30.11-2.1.5 Dated inspection reports or comparable ANSI 30.17 Overhead and Gantry cranes Top running bridge, single girder, underhung hoist 30.17-2.1.1(b)(2) Periodic Inspection. Visual inspections of the equipment in place conducted by a designated person making records of apparent external conditions to provide the basis for a continuing evaluation, as follows: (a) normal service yearly (b) heavy service yearly (c) severe service quarterly 30.17-2.1.4(b) A crane that is used in infrequent service, which has been idle for one year or more, shall be inspected before being placed in service in accordance with the requirements listed in para. 17-2.1.3. 17-2.1.3(a) A designated person shall determine whether conditions found during inspection constitute a hazard and disassembly is required for additional inspection. 17-2.3.3(a)Any condition disclosed by the inspections performed in accordance with the requirements of Section 17-2.1 that is determined to be a hazard to continued operation shall be corrected by adjustment, repair, or replacement before continuing to use the crane. 17-2.1.5 Inspection Records. Dated inspection reports or comparable records shall be made on critical items such as hoisting machinery, sheaves, hooks, chains, ropes, and other lifting devices as listed in para. 17-2.1.3 and ASME B30.16. Records shall be placed on file. ANSI 30.2 Overhead and Gantry Top running bridge, single or multiple girder, top running trolley hoist 30.2-2.1.1(b)(2) Periodic Inspection. Visual inspection of the equipment in place by a designated person making records of apparent external conditions to provide the basis for a continuing evaluation, as follows: (a) normal service yearly (b) heavy service yearly (c) severe service quarterly 30.2-2.1.4(b) A crane that is used in infrequent service, which has been idle for a period of 1 year or more, shall be inspected before being placed in service in accordance with the requirements listed in para. 2-2.1.3 30.2-2.1.3(a) A designated person shall determine whether conditions found during inspection constitute a hazard and whether disassembly is required for additional inspection. 30.2-2.3.3(a) Any condition disclosed by the inspections performed in accordance with the requirements of section 2-2.1, that is determined to be a hazard to continued operation, shall be corrected by adjustment, repair, or replacement before continuing the use of the crane. 30.2-2.1.5 Inspection Records. Dated inspection reports of comparable records shall be made on critical items such as hoisting machinery, sheaves, hooks, chains, ropes, and other lifting devices as listed in para. 2-2.1.3. Records shall be placed on file. Notes/Comments

You must Make sure a designated person conducts periodic inspections as follows: Inspect all items listed in both Table 200-2, Frequent Inspection Checklist, and Table 200-3, Periodic Inspection Checklist. Make sure a designated person determines whether disassembly of one or more components or pieces of equipment for additional inspection is needed as a result of any hazardous conditions found during the periodic inspection. Make sure the crane is not used until any hazardous conditions found during the inspection have been corrected. Keep current dated inspection records for periodic inspections on file.

ANSI paragraph used in its entirety.

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Overhead Cranes Analysis Document September, 2005


Proposed Wording ANSI 30.11 Monorail and Underhung 30.11-2.1.3(e) the equipment shall also be inspected for evidence of the following: 1) deformed, cracked, or corroded members; 2) loose bolts, nuts, or rivets; 3) cracked or worn sheaves and drums; 4) worn, cracked, or distorted parts such as pins, bearings, wheels, shafts, gears, rollers, locking and clamping devices, bumpers, switch baffles, interlock bolts, and end stops; 5) excessive wear of brake system parts; 6) excessive wear of chain drive sprockets and excessive chain stretch; 7) deterioration of controllers, master switches, contacts, limit devices, and push-button stations, but not limited to these items; 8) excessive wear of drive tires; 9) excessive wear or deformation of the lower load-carrying flange of all track sections in the system, both straight and curved; 10) illegibility of function labels. 11-2.1.3(b) Hoist inspection shall be in accordance with ASME B30.16, para. 16-2.1.3, Periodic Inspection ANSI 30.17 Overhead and Gantry cranes Top running bridge, single girder, underhung hoist 17-2.1.3(b) The inspection shall include the items listed in para. 17-2.1.2(c) and the following items, as applicable: 1) deformed, cracked or corroded members; 2) loose or missing bolts, nuts, pins, or rivets; 3) cracked or worn sheaves and drums; 4) worn, cracked, or distorted parts such as pins, bearings, wheels, shafts, gears, rollers, locking and clamping devices, bumpers, and stops; 5) excessive wear of brake system parts; 6) excessive wear of drive chain sprockets and excessive drive chain stretch; 7) deterioration of controllers, master switches, contacts, limit switches, and push button stations, but not limited to these items; 8) wind indicators for proper operation; 9) gasoline, diesel, electric, or other power plants for proper operation; 10) motion limit devices that interrupt power or cause a warning to be activated for proper performance. Each motion shall be inched or operated at low speed into the device with no load on the crane. 11) controller function labels for legibility and replacement; 12) hoists in accordance with ASME B30.16. ANSI 30.2 Overhead and Gantry Top running bridge, single or multiple girder, top running trolley hoist 30.2-2.1.3(b) the inspection shall include the items listed in para. 2-2.1.2(c) and the following items, as applicable: (1) deformed, cracked, or corroded members; (2) loose or missing bolts, nuts, pins, or rivets; (3) cracked or worn sheaves and drums; (4) worn, cracked, or distorted parts such as pins, bearings, wheels, shafts, gears, rollers, locking and clamping devices, bumpers, and stops; (5) excessive wear of brake system parts; (6) excessive wear of drive chain sprockets and excessive drive chain stretch (7) deterioration of controllers, master switches, contacts, limit switches, and pushbutton stations, but not limited to these items; (8) wind indicators for proper operation; (9) gasoline, diesel, electric, or other power plants for proper operation; (10) motion limit devices that interrupt power or cause a warning to be activated for proper performance. Each motion shall be inched or operated at low speed into the limit device with no load on the crane; (11) rope reeving for compliance with crane manufacturers design; and (12) all function, instruction, caution, and warning labels or plates for legibility and replacement. Notes/Comments

Table 200-3

ANSI paragraph used in its entirety.

Rope reeving is mentioned in the frequent inspection table, so its not necessary to repeat it in the periodic.

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Proposed Wording ANSI 30.11 Monorail and Underhung ANSI 30.17 Overhead and Gantry cranes Top running bridge, single girder, underhung hoist 16-2.4.2 Rope Replacement (c) Broken wire removal criteria, in this volume, applies to wire ropes operating on steel sheaves and drums. The user shall contact the sheave, drum or hoist manufacturer, or qualified person, for broken wire removal criteria for wire ropes operating on sheaves and drums made of material other than steel. ANSI 30.2 Overhead and Gantry Top running bridge, single or multiple girder, top running trolley hoist 26-2.4.2(c) Broken wire removal criteria, in this volume, applies to wire-ropes operating on steel sheaves and drums. The user shall contact the sheave, drum or hoist manufacturer, or qualified person, for broken wire removal criteria for wire-ropes operating on sheaves and drums made of material other than steel. Notes/Comments

WAC 296-880-23020 Wire rope replacement on overhead cranes Important! This section applies to wireropes operating on steel sheaves and drums. If you use other sheaves and drums, contact the manufacturer or a qualified person for removal criteria.

(17 and 11 refer the user to 30.16, the hoist ANSI)

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Proposed Wording ANSI 30.11 Monorail and Underhung ANSI 30.17 Overhead and Gantry cranes Top running bridge, single girder, underhung hoist 16-2.4.2(b) Removal criteria for the rope replacement shall be as follows: 1) in running ropes, twelve randomly distributed broken wires in one lay or four broken wires in one strand in one lay. 2) one outer wire broken at the contact point with the core of the rope, which has worked its way out of the rope structure and protrudes or loops out from the rope structure 3) wear of one-third the original diameter of outside individual wires 4) kinking, crushing, birdcaging, or any other damage resulting in distortion of the rope structure 5) evidence of heat damage from any cause 6) reductions from nominal diameter greater than those listed below ANSI 30.2 Overhead and Gantry Top running bridge, single or multiple girder, top running trolley hoist 2-2.4.2(b) Removal criteria for rope replacement shall be as follows: 1) in running ropes, twelve randomly distributed broken wires in one lay or four broken wires in one strand in one lay. 2) one outer wire broken at the contact point with the core of the rope, which has worked its way out of the rope structure and protrudes or loops out from the rope structure 3) wear of one-third the original diameter of outside individual wires 4) kinking, crushing, birdcaging, or any other damage resulting in distortion of the rope structure 5) evidence of heat damage from any cause 6) reductions from nominal diameter greater than those listed below Notes/Comments

You must Make sure wire rope is replaced when it shows ANY of the following: One outer wire broken at the contact point that protrudes or loops out from the rope structure. Wear of 1/3 the original diameter of outside individual wires. Kinking, crushing, birdcaging, or any other damage resulting in distortion of rope structure. Evidence of heat damage from any cause. Running rope with: o Twelve randomly distributed broken wires in one lay. o Four broken wires in one strand in one lay. Reduction from nominal diameter greater than the manufacturer's recommendation. o If manufacturer's recommendations are not available, refer to Table 2004

Used ANSI paragraph in entirety, except for (d) which is a should (a) is in the next section.

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Proposed Wording ANSI 30.11 Monorail and Underhung ANSI 30.17 Overhead and Gantry cranes Top running bridge, single girder, underhung hoist 16-2.4.2(a) No precise rules can be given for determination of the exact time for rope replacement, since many variable factors are involved. Once a rope reaches any one of the specified removal criteria, it may be allowed to operate to the end of the work shift, based on the judgment of a qualified person. The rope shall be replaced after that work shift, at the end of the day, or at the latest time prior to the equipment being used by the next work shift. 16-2.4.2(e) Replacement rope and connections shall have a strength rating at least as great as the original rope and connections furnished by the hoist manufacturer. Any deviation from the original size, grade, or construction shall be specified by a rope manufacturer, the hoist manufacturer, or a qualified person. ANSI 30.2 Overhead and Gantry Top running bridge, single or multiple girder, top running trolley hoist 30.2-2.4.2(a) No precise rules can be given for determination of the exact time for rope replacement, since many variable factors are involved. Once a rope reaches any one of the specified removal criteria, it may be allowed to operate to the end of the work shift, based on the judgment of a qualified person. The rope shall be replaced after that work shift, at the end of the day, or at the latest time prior to the equipment being used by the next work shift. 30.2-2.4.2(e) Replacement rope and connections shall have a strength rating at least equal to the rating of the original rope and connections specified by the hoist manufacturer. Any deviation from the original size, grade, or construction of the rope shall be specified by a rope manufacturer, the crane or hoist manufacturer, or a qualified person. Notes/Comments

Have a qualified person determine when to replace wire rope: Immediately. At the end of the work shift. Before the next use of the crane.

Make sure replacement wire rope and connections are the same size, type, grade, construction and strength unless specified otherwise by either: - The rope, crane, or hoist manufacturer; or - A qualified person.

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Proposed Wording ANSI 30.11 Monorail and Underhung 30.16 16-2.5.2 Welded link chain replacement (a) If the used chain exceeds the hoist manufacturers recommended length (or in the absence of such recommendation, if the used chain for hand chain operated hoists is 2 % longer than the unused chain, or the used chain for powered hoists is 1 % longer than the unused chain) replace the chain. Repairing of load chain by welding or any other means shall not be attempted by anyone other than the chain manufacturer. 16-2.5.2(c) Replacement chain shall be the same size, grade, and construction as the original chain furnished by the hoist manufacturer, unless otherwise recommended by the hoist manufacturer or a qualified person due to actual working conditions. 16-2.5.2(e) The chain shall be installed without any twist between the hoist and an anchored end on either the loaded side or the slack side (f) When chain is replaced, disassemble and inspect the mating parts (sprockets, guides, stripper) for wear and replace if necessary (g) Discarded load chains shall not be used for slings. ANSI 30.17 Overhead and Gantry cranes Top running bridge, single girder, underhung hoist 16-2.6.2 Roller Chain Replacement (a) Roller chains shall be replaced if any of the conditions exist as stated in para. 162.6.1(c). Repairing the roller chain by welding or heating shall not be attempted. 16-2.6.2(c)(2) Check chain for twist. The chain shall be replaced if the twist in any 5 ft. section exceeds 15 deg. (3)Check for side bow in plane perpendicular to plane of roller. A chain that has a side bow exceeding in. in any 5 ft. section shall be replaced. 16.2.6.1(c) (1) Check chain for elongation as outlined in the hoist manufacturers manual. In absence of specific instructions, the chain can be checked by determining the nominal pitch and measuring a 12 in. (305 mm) section of chain that normally travels over the chain sprocket. Using a caliper-type gauge, check the dimension from the edge of one chain pin to the corresponding edge of another pin for the number of pitches per foot. If elongation exceeds in. in 12 in., the chain shall be replaced. 16-2.6.2(c) Replacement chain shall be the same size, grade, and construction as the original chain furnished by the hoist manufacturer unless otherwise recommended by the hoist manufacturer or qualified person due to actual working conditions. ANSI 30.2 Overhead and Gantry Top running bridge, single or multiple girder, top running trolley hoist Notes/Comments

WAC 296-880-23025 Chain replacement on overhead cranes You must: Follow the requirements in Table 200-5 for replacing chain. (Table 200-5)

Again, out of 30-16 which is where the chain requirements are. The types covered by 30.2 do not use chain

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Proposed Wording ANSI 30.11 Monorail and Underhung ANSI 30.17 Overhead and Gantry cranes Top running bridge, single girder, underhung hoist (d) When chain is replaced, disassemble and inspect the mating parts (sprockets, guides, stripper) for wear and replace if necessary. (e) When chain is replaced, it should be reeved as outlined in the hoist manufacturers manual and should operate freely over all load and idler sprockets. All connecting links and chain end fastenings should be inspected and properly secured. The selection and installation of connecting links should be as outlined in the hoist manufacturers manual or as determined by a qualified person. (f) Discarded roller chains shall not be used for slings. WAC 296-880-23030 Maintenance and repair on overhead cranes You must 1. Make sure only designated persons perform maintenance tasks including adjusting, repairing, and replacing crane parts. ANSI 30.2 Overhead and Gantry Top running bridge, single or multiple girder, top running trolley hoist Notes/Comments

30.11-2.3.3 (a) Any condition disclosed by the inspections performed in accordance with the requirements of Section 11-2.1 that is determined to be a hazard to continued operation shall be corrected by adjustment, repair, or replacement before continuing the use of the equipment. (b)Adjustments, repairs, and replacements shall be performed by designated personnel.

17-2.3.3(a) Any condition disclosed by the inspections performed in accordance with the requirements of Section 17-2.1 that is determined to be a hazard to continued operation shall be corrected by adjustment, repair or replacement before continuing use. (b)Adjustments, repairs, and replacements shall be performed by designated personnel.

30.2-2.3.3(b) Adjustments, repairs, and replacements shall be performed by designated personnel.

Used paragraph in its entirety.

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Proposed Wording ANSI 30.11 Monorail and Underhung 30.11-2.3.2(a) Before adjustments and repairs are started, the following precautions shall be taken as applicable: 1) The crane or monorail carrier to be repaired shall be moved to a location where it will cause the least interference with other cranes or carriers on the system and operations in the area. 2) All controllers shall be placed in the off condition. 3) Main power disconnect shall be deenergized and locked, tagged, or flagged in the deenergized position. 4) Effective markings and barriers shall be utilized where the maintenance work creates a hazardous area on the floor beneath the crane or monorail. ANSI 30.17 Overhead and Gantry cranes Top running bridge, single girder, underhung hoist 17-2.3.2(a) The following precautions shall be taken before performing maintenance on a crane: (1) The crane shall be moved to a location where it will cause the least interference with other cranes and operations in the area. (1) If a load is attached to the crane, it shall be landed (2) All controllers shall be placed in the off position (3) a lockout/tagout procedure shall be performed (see para. 2-3.5.1). (4) Warning signs and barriers shall be utilized on the floor beneath the crane where overhead maintenance work creates a hazard. ANSI 30.2 Overhead and Gantry Top running bridge, single or multiple girder, top running trolley hoist 30.2-2.3.2(a) the following precautions shall be taken before performing maintenance on a crane: (1) The crane shall be moved to a location where it will cause the least interference with other cranes and operations in the area. (2) If a load is attached to the crane, it shall be landed (3) All controllers shall be placed in the off position (4) a lockout/tagout procedure shall be performed (see para. 2-3.5.1). (5) Warning signs and barriers shall be utilized on the floor beneath the crane where overhead maintenance work creates a hazard. Notes/Comments

(2) Make sure ALL of the following are done BEFORE performing maintenance, adjustments, or repairs on a crane or hoist: Move the crane to a location resulting in the least interference with other cranes, carriers, or operations. Set the load down. Place controllers in the "OFF" position. Install a guard or barrier between adjacent runways for the length of the work area to prevent contact between maintenance workers and a crane on the adjacent runway. Reference: See additional requirements in chapter 296-803 WAC, Lockout/tagout, when performing maintenance, adjustments or repairs.

Used ANSI paragraph in its entirety.

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Proposed Wording ANSI 30.11 Monorail and Underhung 11-2.3.2 Maintenance Procedure (a) Before adjustments and repairs are started, the following precautions shall be taken as applicable: (4) Effective markings and barriers shall be utilized where the maintenance work creates a hazardous area on the floor beneath the crane or monorail. ANSI 30.17 Overhead and Gantry cranes Top running bridge, single girder, underhung hoist 17-2.3.2(b) The following precautions shall be taken before performing maintenance on a crane runway, the runway support structure, the runway conductor system, or the areas of the building in the path of travel of the crane bridge or trolley: 17-2.3.2(b)(2) Warning signs and barriers shall be used on the floor beneath the crane where overhead maintenance work creates a hazard. 14-2.3.2(b)(4) A guard or barrier shall be installed between adjacent runways for the length of the established work area to prevent contact between persons performing maintenance and a crane on the adjacent runway. ANSI 30.2 Overhead and Gantry Top running bridge, single or multiple girder, top running trolley hoist 2-2.3.2(b) The following precautions shall be taken before performing maintenance on a crane runway, the runway support structure, the runway conductor system, or the areas of the building in the path of travel of the crane bridge or trolley: 2-2.3.2(b)(2) Warning signs and barriers shall be utilized on the floor beneath the area where overhead maintenance work creates a hazard. 2-2.3.2(b)(4) A guard or barrier shall be installed between adjacent runways for the length of any established work area to prevent contact between persons performing maintenance and a crane on an adjacent runway. Notes/Comments

You must (3) Make sure ALL of the following are done BEFORE performing maintenance on a crane system, including the crane runway, its support structure, runway conductor systems or areas in the path of travel of the crane bridge or trolley: Place warning signs and barriers on the floor beneath the work area if the overhead work creates a hazard. Install a guard or barrier between adjacent runways for the length of the work area to prevent contact between persons performing maintenance and a crane on the adjacent runway.

Used ANSI paragraph in its entirety.

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Proposed Wording ANSI 30.11 Monorail and Underhung 5) Where other cranes or carriers are in operation on the same runways or monorail track, rail stops or other means shall be provided to prevent interference with the idle equipment. 6) Where temporary protective rail stops are not possible, available, or practical, a signalperson shall be placed at a visual vantage point for observing the approach of an active unit and warning its operator when reaching the limit of safe distance from the idle unit. ANSI 30.17 Overhead and Gantry cranes Top running bridge, single girder, underhung hoist (5) If the runway remains energized, stops or a signalperson(s), located full-time at a visual vantage point for observing the approach of an active crane(s), shall be provided to prohibit contact by the active crane(s) with the idle crane, with persons performing maintenance, and with equipment used in performing the maintenance. (6) A guard or barrier shall be installed between adjacent runways for the length of the established work area to prevent contact between persons performing maintenance and a crane on the adjacent runway. (7) Crane travel shall be prohibited or restricted while a person is on a service platform and the overhead clearance is less than 78 in. (1980mm) at any location in the path of the crane. ANSI 30.2 Overhead and Gantry Top running bridge, single or multiple girder, top running trolley hoist (1) If the runway remains energized, stops or a signalperson(s), located full-time at a visual vantage point for observing the approach of an active crane(s), shall be provided to prohibit contact by the active crane(s) with the idle crane, with persons performing maintenance, and with equipment used in performing the maintenance. (2) A guard or barrier shall be installed between adjacent runways for the length of any established work area to prevent contact between persons performing maintenance and a crane on the adjacent runway. 2-1.7.1(b) Crane travel shall be prohibited or restricted while a person is on a service platform and the overhead clearance is less than 78 in. (1980mm) at any location in the path of the travel of the crane. Notes/Comments

(4) Make sure either of the following are done if the runway will be used by other cranes during maintenance: Use stops to prohibit an active crane from contacting: - The idle crane. - Maintenance workers. - Maintenance equipment.
OR

Used ANSI paragraph in its entirety. Note: 30.11 would not have an energized runway.

Provide a dedicated signal person at a visual vantage point for observing the approach of other cranes.

WAC 296-880-23035 Repair or replacement of hooks on overhead cranes You must: Make sure a qualified person determines if a damaged hook needs to be replaced or can be repaired. Repair or replace a hook when it shows: Cracks, nicks or gouges. Wear of more than ten percent of the original sectional dimension, or as recommended by the manufacturer. A bend or twist exceeding ten

30.10 (This is the hook ANSI, that the other ANSIs refer to on this issue) 30.10-1.2.3 (a) Any conditions disclosed by the inspections performed in accordance with the requirements of paras. 101.2.1.2 or 10-1.2.1.3 shall be corrected by repair or replacement before continuing to use the hook. Hooks shall be removed from service unless a qualified person approves their continued use and initiates corrective action.

The ANSIs all send us to 30.10 under repairs and replacements, which is the hook ANSI. Note: this ANSI is being republished, so the criteria may be changing before we re-submit this rule.

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Proposed Wording ANSI 30.11 Monorail and Underhung (b) Hooks having damage or wear described as follows shall be repaired or replaced: (1) cracks, nicks or gouges (2) wear exceeding 10% (or as recommended by the manufacturer) of the original sectional dimension; (3) a bend or twist exceeding 10 deg from the plane of the unbent hook; (4) an increase in the throat opening exceeding 15% (or as recommended by the manufacturer) (5) inability of self-locking hooks to lock 30.10-1.2.3(e) Repair of cracks, nicks, and gouges shall be carried out by a designated person by grinding longitudinally, following the contour of the hook, provided no dimension is reduced more than 10% (or as recommended by the manufacturer) of its original value. (f) all other repairs shall be performed by the manufacturer or a qualified person. ANSI 30.17 Overhead and Gantry cranes Top running bridge, single girder, underhung hoist ANSI 30.2 Overhead and Gantry Top running bridge, single or multiple girder, top running trolley hoist Notes/Comments

degrees from the plane of the unbent hook. An increase in the throat opening of more than fifteen percent of the original sectional dimension, or as recommended by the manufacturer. Follow these requirements when repairing a hook: Only a designated person can repair cracks, nicks and gouges. Grind longitudinally. Follow the contour of the hook. The dimension of the hook must NOT be reduced more than ten percent of its original value, unless otherwise recommended by the manufacturer.

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Proposed Wording ANSI 30.11 Monorail and Underhung 11-2.2.1 Operation Tests (a) new and reinstalled equipment shall be tested prior to initial use to verify compliance with this volume. (b) Tests shall include, as applicable, the following functions: (1) lifting and lowering (2) carrier travel (2) Bridge travel (4) hoist upper limit of travel device (the trip setting of hoist-limit devices shall be determined by tests with an empty hook comprising a series of runs, each at increasing speeds up to the maximum speed unless the hoist has only a single speed; the actuating mechanisms of the upper-limit device shall be located or adjusted so that it will trip the device in sufficient time to prevent contact of the load block or load with any part of the carrier or bridge); (5) trolley-travel-limiting devices; and (6) locking and safety devices for interlocking mechanisms, track switches, drop sections, and lift sections. ANSI 30.17 Overhead and Gantry cranes Top running bridge, single girder, underhung hoist 17-2.2.1 Operational Tests (a) new, reinstalled, altered, repaired, and modified cranes shall be tested by a designated person prior to initial use to verify compliance with this volume. (b) Tests shall include, as applicable, the following functions: (1) lifting and lowering (2) trolley travel (2) Bridge travel (4) hoist upper limit of travel device (the trip setting of hoist-limit devices shall be determined by tests with an empty hook comprising a series of runs, each at increasing speeds up to the maximum speed unless the hoist has only a single speed; the actuating mechanisms of the upper-limit device shall be located or adjusted so that it will trip the device in sufficient time to prevent contact of the load block or load with any part of the carrier or bridge); (5) -travel-limiting devices; (6) locking and indicating devices, if provided. ANSI 30.2 Overhead and Gantry Top running bridge, single or multiple girder, top running trolley hoist 2-2.2.1 Operational Tests (a) New, reinstalled, altered, repaired, and modified cranes shall be tested by a designated person prior to initial use to ensure compliance with this volume. (b) Tests shall include, as applicable, the following functions: (1) Lifting and lowering (2) trolley travel (3) bridge travel (4) hoist-limit devices. (a) the trip setting of hoist limit devices shall be determined by tests with an empty hook comprising a series of runs, each at increasing hook speed up to the maximum speed, unless the hoist has only a single speed; (b) the actuating mechanism of the upperlimit device shall be located or adjusted so that it will trip the device in sufficient time to prevent contact of the load block or load with any part of the trolley or bridge; (5) travel-limiting devices; and (locking and indicating devices, if provided. Notes/Comments

WAC 296-880-23040 Operational tests on overhead cranes You must: Make sure operational tests are performed on new and altered cranes. Testing must include: Hoisting and lowering. Trolley travel. Bridge travel. Limit switches, locking and safety devices. Note: A qualified person may limit the testing to the functions affected by the repair or alteration You must Determine the trip setting of hoist limit switches as follows: Use an empty hook. Make a series of runs at increasing hook speeds, up to the maximum speed. Locate the actuating mechanisms of the limit switch so it will trip under all conditions, soon enough to prevent contact of the hook or load block with any part of the trolley.

Used ANSI in its entirety.

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Proposed Wording ANSI 30.11 Monorail and Underhung ANSI 30.17 Overhead and Gantry cranes Top running bridge, single girder, underhung hoist (c) Operational testing of altered, repaired, and modified may be limited to the functions affected by the alteration, repair, or modification, as determined by a qualified person. ANSI 30.2 Overhead and Gantry Top running bridge, single or multiple girder, top running trolley hoist (c) operational testing of altered, repaired, and modified cranes may be limited to the functions affected by the alteration, repair, or modification, as determined by a qualified person. Notes/Comments

(c) Altered, repaired, and modified cranes shall be tested. Tests may be limited to the functions affected by the alteration, repair, or modification, as determined by a qualified person.

WAC 296-880-240 Operating the Crane Your Responsibility: To make sure overhead cranes are operated safely Overhead crane operator requirements WAC 296-880-24005 Attaching the load to overhead cranes WAC 296-880-24010 Operating overhead cranes WAC 296-880-24015 WAC 296-880-24005 Overhead crane operator requirements You must: 11-3.1.1 Make sure only these people operate (a)Equipment shall be operated only by the following personnel: a crane: (1) designated persons - Designated persons who (2) trainees under the have successfully passed a direct supervision of a designated practical operating exam for person; the specific type of (3) maintenance and test personnel, equipment they will operate when it is necessary in the - Trainees, under the direct performance of their duties supervision of a designated (4) inspectors person - Crane inspectors (b) No one, other than personnel - Maintenance and test specified in (a) above, shall enter a personnel, with the

17-3.1.1 (a)Cranes shall be operated only by the following personnel: (1) designated persons (2) trainees under the direct supervision of a designated person; (3) maintenance and test personnel, when it is necessary in the performance of their duties (4) inspectors (b) No one, other than personnel specified in (a) above, shall enter a crane cab or pulpit, with the exception of persons such

2-3.1.1 Operators of Cab-Operated and Pulpit-Operated Cranes (a) Cranes shall be operated only by the following qualified personnel: (1) designated persons; (2) trainees under the direct supervision of a designated person; and (3) maintenance and test personnel, when it is necessary in the performance of their duties. (b) No one other than personnel specified in para. 2-3.1.1(a) shall enter a crane cab or pulpit, with the exception of persons

Used ANSI paragraph in its entirety.

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Proposed Wording ANSI 30.11 Monorail and Underhung crane cab or pulpit, with the exception of persons such as oilers and supervisors whose duties require them to do so, and then only in the performance of their duties and with the knowledge of the operator or other appointed person. ANSI 30.17 Overhead and Gantry cranes Top running bridge, single girder, underhung hoist as oilers and supervisors whose duties require them to do so, and then only in the performance of their duties and with the knowledge of the operator or other appointed person. ANSI 30.2 Overhead and Gantry Top running bridge, single or multiple girder, top running trolley hoist such as oilers and supervisors, whose duties require them to do so, and then only in the performance of their duties and with the knowledge of the operator or other appointed person. Notes/Comments

knowledge of the operator or other designated person Make sure only the following people enter the cab of a crane, and only when their duties require them to do so and the operator or supervisor knows about it: - People listed above - Oilers - Supervisor Specific people authorized by supervisors WAC 296-880-24010 Attaching the load to overhead cranes (1) Make sure the load is within the specifications of the load rating chart, except for load testing (2) Make sure the load lines and attachments meet the following: Keep the hoist rope from kinking or wrapping around the load. Keep multiple part lines from twisting around each other. Bring the hook over the load in a way that prevents swinging. Attach the load to the hook with slings or other approved devices. Secure the load and balance it before lifting more than a few inches. Balance the load so no units exceed their rated load capacity, when using multiple hoisting units. Make sure the chain or rope is properly seated if there has been a slack condition

11-3.2.1 Load Weight. The equipment shall not be loaded in excess of its rated load except for test purposes as provided in para. 11-2.2.2 or for planned engineered lifts as provided in para. 11-3.2.4. 11-3.2.3(c) During lifting, care shall be taken that: 1) there is no sudden acceleration or deceleration of the moving load; 2) the load does not contact any obstructions (4) it should be determined that the chain or rope is properly seated on the chain sprocket or in the drum groove if there is or has been a slack chain or rope condition. 11-3.2.1 Load Weight. The equipment shall not be loaded in excess of its rated load except for test purposes as

17-3.2.1(a) the crane shall not be loaded in excess of its rated load except for test purposes as provided in para. 17-2.2.2 or for planned engineered lifts as provided in para. 17-3.2.1.1. 17-3.2.2 (a) The hoist chain or hoist rope shall be free from kinks or twist and shall not be wrapped around the load. (a) The load shall be attached to the load block hook by means of slings or other devices (b) Care shall be taken to make certain that the load, sling, attachments, and load block clear all obstacles. 17-3.2.3(b) During lifting, care shall be taken that: 1) there is no sudden acceleration or deceleration of the moving load; 2) the load does not contact any obstructions.

2-3.2.1(a) The crane shall not be loaded in excess of its rated load except for test purposes, as provided in para. 2-2.2.2, or for planned engineered lifts, as provided in para. 2-3.2.1.1. 2-3.2.3(b) During lifting, care shall be taken that 1) there is no sudden acceleration or deceleration of the moving load, and 2) the load does not contact any obstructions. (6) the rope is seated in the drum grooves and in the sheaves, if there is or has been a slack rope condition. 2-3.1.7(q)If the crane has more than one hoisting unit, the operator shall only lift loads, with two or more hoisting units that are within the rated load of the crane. 2-3.2.1(b) The combined load applied to more than one hoisting unit shall not exceed the rated load of the crane when the crane

Used ANSI paragraphs in entirety, except for shoulds.

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Overhead Cranes Analysis Document September, 2005


Proposed Wording ANSI 30.11 Monorail and Underhung provided in para. 11-2.2.2 or for planned engineered lifts as provided in para. 11-3.2.4. ANSI 30.17 Overhead and Gantry cranes Top running bridge, single girder, underhung hoist (6) the rope is seated in the drum grooves and in the sheaves, if there is or has been a slack rope condition. 17-3.2.1(a) the crane shall not be loaded in excess of its rated load except for test purposes as provided in para. 17-2.2.2 or for planned engineered lifts as provided in para. 17-3.2.1.1. (b) When multiple hoists are used for lifting a load, the combined load applied to more than one hoisting unit shall not exceed the rated load of the crane. 17-3.2.3(I) When two or more cranes are used to lift a load, one qualified person shall be in charge of the operation. This person shall analyze the operation and instruct other personnel involved in the proper positioning, rigging of the load, and the movements to be made. 17-3.1.5(d) Each operator shall be responsible for those operations under the operators direct control. Whenever there is any doubt as to safety, the operator shall consult with the supervisor before handling the loads. 17-3.1.5(i) The operator shall be familiar with the equipment and its proper care. If adjustments or repairs are necessary, the operator shall report the same promptly to the appointed person who shall be responsible for the operation and maintenance repairs of the crane. The operator shall also notify the next operator of any remaining uncorrected defects upon ANSI 30.2 Overhead and Gantry Top running bridge, single or multiple girder, top running trolley hoist has more than one hoisting unit. Notes/Comments

WAC 296-880-24015 Operate overhead cranes safely (1) Make sure one qualified person is in charge of any lift that will use two or more cranes. The qualified person must instruct the other operators about: Proper positioning. Rigging the load. Movements to be made.

11-3.2.3(i) When two or more pieces of equipment are used to lift a load, one qualified person shall be in charge of the operation. This person shall analyze the operation and instruct all personnel involved in the proper positioning and rigging of the load and the movements to be made. (2) Make sure the operator consults with 11-3.1.5(d) Each operator shall be their supervisor whenever they have a responsible for those operations under question about the safety of handling any the operators direct control. Whenever load. there is any doubt as to safety, the Make sure the crane operator notifies operator shall consult with the supervisor before handling the loads. the supervisor and the next operator 11-3.1.5(j) The operator shall be familiar of any uncorrected defect in the with the equipment and its proper care. crane. If adjustments or repairs are necessary, or any defects are known, the operator shall report the same promptly to the appointed person who shall be responsible for the operation and maintenance repairs of the crane. The operator shall also notify the next

2-3.2.3(i) When two or more pieces of equipment are used to lift a load, one qualified person shall be in charge of the operation. This person shall analyze the operation and instruct other personnel involved in the proper positioning, rigging of the load, and the movements to be made. 2-3.1.7(d) Each operator shall be responsible for those operations under the operators direct control. Whenever there is doubt as to safety, the operator shall consult with the supervisor before handling the loads. 2-3.1.7(j) The operator shall be familiar with the equipment and its proper care. If adjustments or repairs are necessary, or any defects are known, the operator shall report the same promptly to the appointed person who shall be responsible for the operation and maintenance repairs of the crane. The operator shall also notify the next operator of any remaining uncorrected Used ANSI paragraphs in entirety, except for shoulds.

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Overhead Cranes Analysis Document September, 2005


Proposed Wording ANSI 30.11 Monorail and Underhung operator of any remaining uncorrected defects upon changing shifts. 30.11-3.1.5(a) the operator shall not engage in any practice that will divert attention while actually engaged in operating the equipment. 11-3.1.5(c) The operator shall respond to signals from the person who is directing the lift, or an appointed signalperson. When a signalperson is not required as part of the crane operation, the operator is then responsible for the lifts. However, the operator shall obey a stop signal at all times, no matter who gives it. 11-3.2.3(e) The operator shall not lift, lower, or travel while anyone is on the load or hook. (m) All controls of cab-operated equipment shall be tested by the operator before beginning a new shift. If any controls do not operate properly, they shall be adjusted or repaired before operations are begun. 11-3.2.3(g) The operator shall check the hoist brake(s) at least once each shift if a load approaching the rated load is to be handled. This shall be done by lifting the load a short distance and applying the brake(s). 11-3.2.3 (c) During lifting, care shall be taken that (1)There is no sudden acceleration or deceleration of the moving load (2) The load does not contact any ANSI 30.17 Overhead and Gantry cranes Top running bridge, single girder, underhung hoist changing shifts. 17-3.1.5(a) The operator shall not engage in any practice that will divert the operators attention while actually engaged in operating the crane. 17-3.1.5(c) The operator shall respond to signals from the person who is directing the lift, or an appointed signalperson. When a signalperson or a crane follower is not required as part of the crane operation, the operator is then responsible for the lifts. The operator shall obey a stop signal at all times, however, no matter who gives it. 17-3.2.3(d) The operator shall not cause the crane to lift, lower, or travel while anyone is on the load or hook. (m) All controls of a cab-operated crane shall be tested by the operator before beginning a new shift. If any controls do not operate properly, they shall be adjusted or repaired before operations are begun. 17-3.2.3(g) The operator shall check the hoist brake(s) at least once each shift if a load approaching the rated load is to be handled. This shall be done by lifting the load a short distance and applying the brake(s) 17-3.2.3(b) During lifting, care shall be taken that (1)There is no sudden acceleration or deceleration of the moving load (2) The load does not contact any ANSI 30.2 Overhead and Gantry Top running bridge, single or multiple girder, top running trolley hoist defects upon changing shifts. 3.1.7(a) The operator shall not engage in any practice that will divert attention while actually engaged in operating the equipment. 2-3.1.7(c)(3) be responsible for the lifts when a signalperson or crane follower is not required as part of the crane operation; 4) open the magnet switch upon request from the person on the ground, who shall wait for a signal from the operator that the magnet is deenergized; and 5) obey a stop signal at all times, no matter who gives it Used ANSI to add this requirement to the rule. The rest of this paragraph is in the rule. Notes/Comments

(3) Make sure the operator doesnt engage in any practice that diverts their attention while actually engaged in operating equipment. (4) Make sure the operator obeys any stop signal given by any worker.

(5) Make sure the operator does NOT allow anyone to ride on the load or hook. (6) Make sure the operator tests all controls at the start of a new shift.

(o) all controls shall be tested by the operator before beginning a new shift. If any controls do not operate properly, they should be adjusted or repaired before operations are begun. 2-3.2.3(g) The operator shall check the hoist brake(s) at least once each shift if a load approaching the rated load is to be handled. This shall be done by lifting the load a short distance and applying the brake(s) 2-3.2.3(b) During lifting, care shall be taken that (1)There is no sudden acceleration or deceleration of the moving load (2) The load does not contact any

(7) Make sure the operator tests the hoist brakes at least once each shift if a load approaching the rated load is to be handled. Lift the load a short distance Apply the brakes (8) Make sure during lifting, a load doesn't: Suddenly accelerate or decelerate.

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Overhead Cranes Analysis Document September, 2005


Proposed Wording ANSI 30.11 Monorail and Underhung obstructions 11-3.1.5(k) Contacts with stops or other cranes or carriers shall be made with caution. The operator shall do so with care for the safety of persons on or below the equipment, and only after making certain that any person on the other equipment are aware of what is being done. 11-3.2.3(h) The load shall not be lowered below the point where less than two wraps of rope shall remain on each anchorage of the hoisting drum, unless a lower limit device is provided, in which case, no less than one wrap shall remain. 11-3.4.5(c) The operator shall respond to signals from the person who is directing the lift, or an appointed signalperson. When a signalperson is not required as part of the crane operation, the operator is then responsible for the lifts. However, the operator shall obey a stop signal at all times, no matter who gives it. 11-3.1.5(g) The operator shall not close the main line disconnect device until certain that no worker is on, or adjacent to, the crane or carrier. If there is a warning sign or lock on the device, the crane or carrier shall not be energized until the sign or lock is removed by the person who placed it thereon, or removed by an authorized person. 11-3.1.5(h) Before closing the main line ANSI 30.17 Overhead and Gantry cranes Top running bridge, single girder, underhung hoist obstructions 17-3.1.5(j) Contacts with runway stops or other cranes shall be made with caution. The operator shall do so with care for the safety of persons on or below the cranes, and only after making certain that any persons on the other cranes are aware of what is being done. 17-3.2.3(h) The load shall not be lowered below the point where two wraps of rope remain on each anchorage of the hoisting drum unless a lower limit device is provided, in which case no less than one wrap shall remain. 17-3.1.5(c) The operator shall respond to signals from the person who is directing the lift, or an appointed signalperson. When a signalperson or a crane follower is not required as part of the crane operation, the operator is then responsible for the lifts. The operator shall obey a stop signal at all times, however, no matter who gives it. 17-3.1.5(f) The operator shall not close the main disconnect device until certain that no worker is on or adjacent to the crane. If there is a warning sign or lock on the device, it shall not be energized until the sign or lock is removed by either the person who placed it thereon or by an authorized person. ANSI 30.2 Overhead and Gantry Top running bridge, single or multiple girder, top running trolley hoist obstructions 2-3.1.7(k) Contacts with runway stops or other cranes or carriers shall be made with extreme caution. The operator shall do so with particular care for the safety of persons on or below the equipment, and only after making certain that any persons on the other equipment are aware of what is being done. 2-3.2.3(h) The load shall not be lowered below the point where two wraps of rope remain on each anchorage of the hoisting drum unless a lower-limit device is provided, in which case, no less than one wrap shall remain. 2-3.1.7(c)(3) be responsible for the lifts when a signalperson or crane follower is not required as part of the crane operation; 4) open the magnet switch upon request from the person on the ground, who shall wait for a signal from the operator that the magnet is deenergized; and 5) obey a stop signal at all times, no matter who gives it 2-3.1.7(g) The operator shall not close the main switch (crane disconnect) until certain that no worker is on or adjacent to the crane or carrier . If there is a warning sign or lock on the device, it shall not be energized until the sign or lock is removed by the person who placed it there, or by an authorized person. 2-3.1.7(h) Before closing the main switch (crane disconnect), the operator shall be Notes/Comments

Contact any obstruction. (9) Make sure the crane operator contacts runway stops or other cranes and carrier with both: Extreme caution. and After notifying people on the other crane. (10) Make sure the operator does not lower a load below the point where only two wraps of wire rope remain on each anchorage of the hoisting drum.

Used ANSI to add this requirement to the rule. The rest of this paragraph is in the rule.

(11) Make sure the operator opens the magnet switch when a ground person requests it, and signals them that the magnet has been deenergized

(12) Make sure the operator closes the main switch (crane disconnect) only when: No one is on or adjacent to the crane or carrier. All controllers are in the "OFF" position.

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Overhead Cranes Analysis Document September, 2005


Proposed Wording ANSI 30.11 Monorail and Underhung disconnect of cab-operated equipment, the operator shall determine that all controllers are in the off position. ANSI 30.17 Overhead and Gantry cranes Top running bridge, single girder, underhung hoist ANSI 30.2 Overhead and Gantry Top running bridge, single or multiple girder, top running trolley hoist sure that all controllers are in the off position. Notes/Comments

(13) Make sure the crane operator activates the warning device on cab-, remote-, and, when provided, flooroperated cranes: Before starting the bridge or trolley in motion. When approaching people in the path of the load (14) Make sure the operator immediately places all controllers in the "OFF" position whenever power is lost during operation. Make sure that the operating motions are checked for proper direction after power is restored. (15) Make sure the operator does the following when the wind alarm of an outdoor crane has sounded: Discontinues operation of the crane. Prepares and stores the crane for excessive wind conditions. (16) Make sure the operator does NOT use a hoist-limit device as an operating control, unless other means are used to prevent damage to the hoist block by overtravel. 11-3.1.5(i) If power goes off during operation of cab operated equipment, the operator shall immediately place all controllers in the off position. Prior to re-use of the equipment, operating motions shall be checked for proper direction.

17-3.1.5(o) The operator shall activate the warning device on cab- and remoteoperated cranes, and when provided, on floor operated cranes: 1) before starting the bridge or trolley motion of the crane; 2) intermittently during travel of the crane when approaching persons in the path of the load. 17-3.1.5(h) If power goes off during operation of a cab-operated crane, the operator shall immediately place all controllers or master switches in the OFF position. Prior to reuse of the crane, operating motions shall be checked for proper direction. 17-3.1.5(k) When the wind-indication device of an outdoor crane gives the alarm, crane operation shall be discontinued, and the crane shall be prepared and stored for excess wind conditions. 17-3.2.5 Hoist Limit Device (Switches). The hoist limit device that controls the upper limit of travel of the load block shall not be used as an operating control in normal operation unless additional means are provided to prevent damage from overtravel.

e) The operator shall activate the warning device on cab- and remote-operated cranes and, when provided, on floor-operated cranes 1) before starting the bridge or trolley motion of the crane, and 2) intermittently during travel of the crane when approaching persons in the path of the load. 2-3.1.7(i) If power goes off during operation, the operator shall immediately place all controllers in the off position. Prior to reuse of the crane, operating motions shall be checked for proper direction. 2-3.1.7(m) When the wind-indicating device of a cab-operated outdoor crane gives the alarm, crane operation shall be discontinued and the crane shall be prepared and stored for excessive wind conditions. 2-3.2.4(b) The hoist-limit device that controls the upper limit of travel of the load block shall not be used as an operating control in normal operation unless additional means are provided to prevent damage from overtravel.

11-3.2.6 the hoist limit device which controls the upper limit of travel of the load block shall not be used as an operating control in normal operation unless additional means are provided to prevent damage from overtravel.

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Overhead Cranes Analysis Document September, 2005


Proposed Wording ANSI 30.11 Monorail and Underhung 11-3.1.5(f) Before leaving the caboperated crane or cab-operated carrier unattended, the operator shall land any attached load, place controllers or master switches in the off position, and open the main line device of the specific crane or carrier. ANSI 30.17 Overhead and Gantry cranes Top running bridge, single girder, underhung hoist 17-3.1.5(e) Before leaving the caboperated crane unattended, the operator shall land any attached load, place controllers or master switches in the OFF position, and open the main line device of the specific crane. ANSI 30.2 Overhead and Gantry Top running bridge, single or multiple girder, top running trolley hoist 2-3.1.7(f) Before leaving a cab-operated crane or cab-operated carrier unattended, the operator shall land any attached load, place controllers or master switches in the off position, and deenergize the main switch (crane disconnect) of the specific crane or carrier. If all cranes on the runway are to be unattended for a period longer than one shift, the runway disconnect switch shall also be deenergized. 2-3.1.7(l) Operators of outdoor cranes shall secure them when leaving. Notes/Comments

(17) Make sure the crane operator does the following before leaving a caboperated crane or carrier unattended: Sets the load down. Places controllers or master switches in the "OFF" position. Deenergizes: The main switch of the specific crane or carrier. The runway disconnect if all cranes on the runway will be unattended for longer than one shift.

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