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Name: ___________________________________ Travel Brazil - Lesson 1 Brazil

Date: ______________

Brazil is the largest country in South America. Of all the countries in the world, it is the fifth largest. Russia has the most land. Canada has the second most land. China has the third most land. The United States has the fourth most land. Brazil has the fifth most land. And Australia has the sixth most land. Find Brazil on the different maps.

http://www.rtcc.org/files/2012/09/bigstock_canopy_of_the_rainforest_in_Ta_3104688_featured.jpg

Most of Brazil is a tropical rainforest. A tropical rainforest is a forest of VERY tall trees in a place that is warm ALL year long. It is very wet in tropical rainforests because it rains a LOT. Most tropical rainforests get 80 inches of rain every year. In fact, tropical rainforests have only two seasons - wet and dry. In the wet season it rains almost every day. In the dry season it stops raining. But whether it's raining or not, it's always warm.
Watch the video "What is the Rainforest?" at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OS2VrgRFCzc

http://mlauni.pottsgrove.wikispaces.net/file/view/brazil-valley-rainforest-lg.jpg/100161449 /brazil-valley-rainforest-lg.jpg

Name: ___________________________________ Travel Brazil - Lesson 2 The Amazon River

Date: ______________

http://brazilwallpapers10.net/wp-content/uploads/images/db/amazon-river.jpg

The Amazon River is the second largest river in the world. (The longest river of all is the Nile River in Egypt.) The Amazon River is 4,000 miles long (6,400 km) and it is very wide. During the wet season, it is 120 miles wide in some areas. The Amazon River starts in the country Peru and ends in Brazil, where it pours 200,000 cubic meters of fresh water into the Atlantic Ocean every single second.

http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/imagenes_ciencia/agua17_02.gif

The Amazon River is the home of some amazing animals. One of those amazing animals is the Amazon River dolphin or boto. It is the largest species of river dolphin in the world. It is about 6 feet long. (That's taller than most men.) And it is very, very pink. Amazon River dolphins usually live in a family group called a pod with about 5 to 8 other dolphins. About 5,000 different kinds of fish, crabs and turtles live in the Amazon River, too. This includes electric eels and catfish and a strange fish called the piranha. Piranha are an ugly fish with sharp teeth, and they eat meat. Piranhas come together in big schools because they like to hunt together and also because being together in a group protects them from their enemies. The Amazon River is also home to yacare caiman, a type of crocodile. There are about 10,000,000 yacare caiman. Yacare caiman grow to be about 6 to 8 feet long. Even though they are very big animals, they are not particularly dangerous to humans because they prefer to eat fish and birds.
Take a tour on a boat down the Amazon River: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yOBH46W5IpE

Name: ___________________________________ Travel Brazil - Lesson 3 Anacondas

Date: ______________

If the anaconda is the world's biggest and deadliest snake, a snake so dangerous that stories are told of anacondas carrying off children, then why is this little Brazilian boy playing with one? The reason why this little boy can play with the anaconda is that the snake is full. That's right. This snake already has a belly full of food and it's not hungry anymore. You see, anacondas take weeks to digest their food and they can go for months without eating. So, this anaconda snake here is safe to play with because he's not hungry.

Watch a short video about "Swimming With the Anaconda" snake here*: http://video-cdn.abcnews.com/120921_ntl_anacondas_1145.mp4

This anaconda is 23 feet long. http://i8.photobucket.com/albums/a34/jimmydavid/serpientegigante.jpg

Anacondas love water and are never far from it. They can hold their breathe for ten minutes. They swim very fast and very quietly and can sneak up on their prey so well that the water barely ripples when they swim along the surface. Anacondas are meat eaters. They like to eat turtles, caimans, birds, and mammals. Because anaconda snakes are not poisonous, they have to kill their prey another way. They way they do it is by squeezing their prey until their prey dies. After eating, anacondas won't eat again for weeks or even months. Another thing that makes anacondas unusual is that they don't lay eggs like most snakes do. Instead, they give birth to live babies. In fact, they can have up to 78 babies at a time.
*Original video with article here: abcnews.go.com/Travel/swimming-anacondas-brazils-untamed-savannahs/story?id=17293350

http://assets.natgeotv.com/Shows/6712.jpg

When anaconda babies are born, they are ready to live on their own. They are born knowing what to eat and how to survive. Anacondas live about ten years. Anacondas can grow up to 22 feet long, but there are reports of anacondas being up to 40 feet long. So far, though, no one has caught one that long, but, if you ever did catch an anaconda that is longer than 30 feet, you would win a prize of$50,000.

Name: ___________________________________ Travel Brazil - Lesson 4 Capybaras

Date: ______________

Capybaras are the largest rodents in the world. They are in the same family as mice, rats, and guinea pigs. They are a kind of mammal. They live in family groups, with about 20 capybaras in each group. Capybaras always live near the water. They are very good swimmers and divers. If they sense danger they can dive under the water and hide. They can stay under the water for five minutes. They can also sleep under the water with just their noses poking out so that they can breathe. Capybaras makes many different sounds. The sounds they make include soft whimpers, clicking noises, purring and barking. They are herbivores. That means they are plant eaters. Mostly they eat grass and water plants, but they can also eat tree bark, grains, melons, squashes and fruits. They live about ten years.

Capybara enemies are...

pumas.

jaguars.

caimans.

ocelots.

harpy eagles.

anacondas.

and humans.

Watch the following videos... (1) Capybaras in a Washtub:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QTk688cXTsA

and (2) Capybara Babies at the Audubon Zoo:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q1AvIf9jkWU

Begin working on the Travel Brazil Journal:

Name: ___________________________________ Travel Brazil - Lesson 5 Pampas Deer

Date: ______________

Pampas are a deer that live in the Brazilian grasslands. They do eat grass that grows there, but mostly they like to eat herbs and shrubs (low plants), and they especially like to eat leaves, twigs and shoots. A long time ago there used to be millions and millions of pampas deer, but people hunted them until there were not many left. Now there are only 80,000 of them, and most of them live in Brazil. Pampas deer are very curious and they like to explore. They are very calm animals but, if they get scared, they will run away and hide. Watch two video of pampas deer: Male deer: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ESw69_vZQZA Female deer: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L6Wo3OGVu1c

Name: ___________________________________ Travel Brazil - Lesson 6 Coatis

Date: ______________

http://www.naturephoto-cz.com/photos/maly/brown-nosed-coati,-south-american-coati-38x_1633.jpg

Coatis remind some people of raccoons and there is a good reason for that; they are in the raccoon family. They are a kind of mammal that lives in the Americas. They prefer to live in rain forests but they can also live in grasslands and bushy areas and deserts. They are nocturnal (that means they like to come out at night time). They are very intelligent. Coatis are omnivores. That means they eat both plants and animals. They eat tarantulas and insects, lizards and snakes, rodents, bird eggs, crocodile eggs, small birds, and also fruit. (Fruit is their favorite kind of food.) Watch this video of coatis eating and playing: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kRiFjuafr0I

Name: ___________________________________ Travel Brazil - Lesson 7 Giant Anteaters

Date: ______________

http://i.telegraph.co.uk/multimedia/archive/01395/Giant-Anteater_1395130i.jpg

Giant anteaters are found all through Brazil and in the countries near Brazil. They prefer to live in tropical forests and grasslands. Most of the time anteaters live alone, but each year mother anteaters have one baby. Sometimes the baby rides on the mother's back. Anteaters are not aggressive, but the can fight if they have to. If they are cornered by a dangerous animal, they will stand up on their hind legs and use their long claws to battle. They can even fight off pumas and jaguars. Watch a video about a mother anteater:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Myrmecophaga_tridactyla.jpg

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YkkEMMLfzUQ

Now watch a video about a giant anteater baby and the man who helped to raise him: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QOFDv3PZhqc

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Myrmecophaga_tridactyla_-Detroit_Zoo,_Michigan,_USA-8a.jpg

Anteaters do not have any teeth. Instead they have very long tongues. With their long tongues they can lap up 35,000 termites and ants every day.

Watch a giant anteater eating ants: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HOr7LwcFJ-s and watch another anteater eating termites: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yc8ZiyweAF0

Name: ___________________________________ Travel Brazil - Lesson 8 Brazil's Flag

Date: ______________

This flag was adopted by Brazil as Brazil's official flag in 1992. Before that, Brazil had many other flags. It shows the constellations Southern Cross (also called Crux), Scorpius, Canis Major, and other constellations. All in all, there are 27 stars. There is one star for each state in Brazil and one star for the Federal District.

Name: ___________________________________ Travel Brazil - Lesson 9 So Paulo

Date: ______________

http://www.capital.ro/typo3temp/pics/SaoPauloHeli_a8850c5f2d.jpg

So Paulo is the largest city in Brazil with a population of 10,659,386 people living there in 2010. You can see from the picture that So Paulo is huge! Look at all those buildings!

Things to do in So Paulo (1) Visit the Skye Bar with its crimson red pool on the Roof of the Unique Hotel. There you can eat a fine meal cooked by an amazing French chef while looking over the city of So Paulo. And if you want to dance, you can dance until morning. All the cool people go there. (2) Take a samba dance class. Every year in So Paulo the So Paulo Carnival parade takes place. Samba schools teach their dance students a beautiful samba dance so that they can participate in the parade.

(3) Go to a soccer game at the Pacaembu Stadium. Brazilian people love soccer, a game that they call foot ball because players kick the ball with their foot. You will be able to cheer for your favorite team along with them.

All pictures on this page and the next were taken from: http://www.saopaulo-hotel.travel/travel-info/30-things-to-do-in-sao-paulo

(4) There are 6,000 pizza restaurants in So Paulo. Many people think that So Paulo has the best pizza in the entire world, even better than pizzas made in Italy. (Italian people are often credited with inventing pizza.)

(5) You can visit the zoo and the Jardim Botanic Garden. The gardens are so peaceful and beautiful that many people have their picture taken there. And the zoo has many animals native to Brazil, such as tapirs, anteaters, and certain kinds of birds.

(6) Have dinner at the famous restaurant, Terraco Italia. Terraco Italia sits on the rooftop of the Avenida Iperanga building. From there you can see all over So Paulo.

Name: ___________________________________ Travel Brazil - Lesson 10 Discover Brazil

Date: ______________

Watch* episode 3 of Discovery Atlas - "Brazil Revealed" - on amazon.com or netflix.com.

*Parents please preview this episode for suitability before you show it to your children.

Name: ___________________________________ Travel Brazil - Lesson 11 Brazil Photo Album

Date: ______________

Now that you've traveled all over Brazil and learned about it's animals and people, it's time to add your photos from your trip to your Travel Brazil Journal. Choose your favorite photos - just your favorites - and glue them into your journal.

This journal belongs to: ___________________________________

Color the flag.

Locate Brazil on the map.

Label the Brazilian animals.

my favorite Brazil photos

my favorite Brazil photos

"Travel Brazil" journal picture credits:


p0 http://www.flickr.com/photos/68244807@N00/3285599824/sizes/o/in/photostream/ p1 http://steampunk.lv/forums/showthread.php?5-Steampunk-tekst%C5%ABras p2 http://1ms.net/wr.php?url=http://khongthe.com/wallpapers/animals/paper-14687.jpg http://www.activitybucket.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/Brazilian-Flag.jpg p3 http://steampunk.lv/forums/showthread.php?5-Steampunk-tekst%C5%ABras http://rooteto.com/wallpapers/tarihi-harita-resimleri p4 http://fc00.deviantart.net/fs39/f/2008/360/b/4/Victorian_or_Steampunk_Paper_by_iCaramello.jpg http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/reptiles/green-anaconda/ http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cd/Gregory_Moine_-_Red_bellied_Piranha_(by).jpg http://theanimalembassy.ning.com/photo/capybara-family?context=user http://cdn2.arkive.org/media/BF/BF80DCF8-2622-4D23-A775-B0B9E5E569F7/Presentation.Large/Broad-snouted-caiman.jpg http://jwaten.files.wordpress.com/2010/06/boto-cor-de-rosa.png?w=500 http://www.pauldonahue.net/Images/artwork/harpy_eagle_2.jpg p5 http://www.imagenesparafondo.com/fondo-pantalla-puma.html http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f8/Coati_roux_Amiens_2.jpg http://pcdn.500px.net/16718741/baf5f8dd3a95690d3b559ce04744f7846601d0f1/4.jpg http://www.theyucatantimes.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/Jaguars.jpg http://bite-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/Ocelot14.jpg http://photos.zoochat.com/large/p1400929-137266.jpg p6 http://www.timeforteaantiques.com/paper-tape-flowers.gif p7 http://www.timeforteaantiques.com/paper-tape-flowers.gif p9 http://thumbs.dreamstime.com/z/vintage-paper-texture-11135768.jpg

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