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Section 19 Bolt Modeling

Innovation Intelligence

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Bolt Modeling workbench


Application | Special | Bolt Modeling

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Bolt - Head
A bolt is modeled as 2 parts, the head and the tail. The head portion can be modeled in one of several ways. Most common type is top and bottom RBE connected by a bar element.

Top RBE

Top RBE

Top RBE
Bar

Bar

Bar

Bar

Bar

Mid RBE

Bottom RBE

Bottom RBE

Bottom RBE

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Edge Based Bolt-Head (Ex:Cover.gda)


To create the head part of the bolt hole, the bolt holes are identified by manually by selecting the single edge on top and bottom of the holes. Multiple bolts can also be created by selecting top and bottom edges for each bolt hole.

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Edge Based Bolt-Head (Contd.)

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Face Based Bolt-Head (Ex:Cover.gda)


It is possible that a model can have a lot of bolts and it makes it difficult to manually pick all the edges. So the another option is provided to model bolt heads on all the hoes on a face. User need to select the face(s) where bolt head sits and specify the bolt hole diameter range.

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Face Based Bolt-Head (Contd.)

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Bolt - Thread
The thread portion of the bolt can be modeled in one of several ways.

Top RBE
Bar Bar

Top RBE

Bottom RBE Bottom RBE Bottom RBE

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Configuration of bottom RBE


Down Up Both Sections

Down

SectIons

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Edge Based Bolt-Thread (Ex:Carrier.gda)


To create the thread part of the bolt hole, the bolt holes are identified by manually selecting the single edge on top of the holes. Multiple bolts can also be created by selecting top edges for each bolt hole.

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Edge Based Bolt-Thread (Contd.)

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Edge Based Bolt-Thread (Contd.)

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Face Based Bolt-Thread (Ex:Carrier.gda)


User need to select the face(s) and specify the bolt hole diameter range.

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File based bolt modeling (Ex: Diff_Case.gda)


Bolt Modeling | Import Bolt Bolts can also be modeled by directly importing the bolt definition file. Importing bolt will create both head and thread portion of bolts. There are three different blocks in the file called BOLT, HEAD_DEF and THREAD_DEF define bolt, head and thread respectively. The complete definition for each key work of the bolt definition file is

available in F1 help.
Sample bolt definition file (BoltDefinition.dat).

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Bar Pretension
Bolt Modeling | Bar Pretension User can model the pre tension in the tightened bolt in several ways. The tension in the tightened bolt is modeled by creating RBEs, Bars and force by selecting the edges on bolt hole. This option is referred as Edge Based. Different types of Bar Pretension are

Through
Threaded

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Through / Threaded (Edge Based)


Top RBE

Bar

Force

Bottom RBE

Top RBE
Bar

Top RBE
Bar

Top RBE
Bar

Top RBE
Bar

Force

Force

Force

Force

Bottom RBE

Bottom RBE

Bottom RBE

Bottom RBE

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Through (Ex: BarPretension.gda)


This type can be modeled by selecting the top edge of bolt shank hole and bottom edge of threaded hole.

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Through (Contd.)

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Threaded (Ex: BarPretension.gda)

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RBE Based (Ex:RBEBased_BarPretension.gda)


Bar pretension can also be modeled by directly selecting the RBEs/Nodes referred as RBE Based and Node Based respectively.

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Node Based (Ex:RBEBased_BarPretension.gda)

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Solid Pretension
Bolt Modeling | Solid Pretension User can model the pre tension in the tightened bolt by applying solid pretension for the following solver, Abaqus Ansys

Nastran
Permas

There are three ways of creating Abaqus bolt, Creating pretension face

Using existing pretension face


Find pretension face

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Abaqus Creating pretension cut


Ex: Bolt.gda Define the plane where to create the pretension cut.

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Abaqus Using existing pretension cut


Ex: Bolt_With_Cut.gda Select the pretension cut face in the bolt

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Ansys, Nastran, Permas solid pretension


1. There are three ways of creating Ansys, Nastran and Permas bolt 1. 2. 3. 2. Creating pretension cut Using existing pretension cut Using the faces apart in the bolt

Creating pretension cut (Ex: Bolt.gda)

User need to define the plane to create pretension cut and solid pretension
based on solver.

3.

Using existing pretension cut (Ex: Bolt_With_Cut.gda) User need to select the existing pretension cut to create solid pretension based

on solver.
4. Using the faces apart in the bolt (Ex: Bolt_With_Face_Apart.gda) User need to select the two face apart in the bolt to create solid pretension based on solver.

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Bolt.gda, Bolt_With_Cut.gda, Bolt_With_Face_Apart.gda

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Solid Bolt
Bolt Modeling | Solid Bolt User need to define the axis and pivot point followed by the parameters. Templates can be exported/imported.

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Solid bolt patterns

Pattern 1

Pattern 2

Pattern 3

Pattern 4

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Connection
Bolt Modeling | Connection Creates connection between bodies automatically. Rigid Bar Equivalence RBE

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Rigid Bar (Ex: Connection.gda)


Bolt Modeling | Connection | RBAR User can select either the option between two bodies (Rigid body/Bar body) or all bodies to connect the free nodes by RBAR by identifying the matching nodes based on the tolerance value specified.

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Rigid Bar (Contd.)

RBAR

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Equivalence (Ex: Connection.gda)


Bolt Modeling | Connection | Equivalence RBE center nodes and bar body free nodes, which lie within the given tolerance will get equivalence.

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Equivalence (Contd.)

Node equivalence

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RBE (Ex: Connection.gda)


Bolt Modeling | Connection | RBE User need to select dependent and independent body, based on the tolerance specified the matching nodes will be connected by a RBE.

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RBE (Contd.)

Dependent body Independent body

Connecting RBE