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Ocean Bottom Seismic (OBS) applications and acquisition strategies

Kim Gunn Maver and Wolfgang Schnetzer

11. juni 2012 /

Seismic resolution using OBS

Streamer

OBC

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Some definitions..

Ocean Bottom Seismic (OBS) Ocean Bottom Cables (OBC)

Ocean Bottom Nodes (OBN)


Autonomous nodes Nodes-on-a-rope

Ocean Bottom Recorder (OBR)

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Overview

Unique OBS applications


Resolution Field access; obstructions Data domain

Survey design
Parallel and orthogonal Comparison with streamer acquisition

Final comments

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Why choose OBS for offshore seismic acquision?

Streamer

OBC

Resolution and Imaging

Field access

Streamer

OBC

Data domain

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Eocene sand channels causing difficulty with streamer data


Andrew Satellite development, CNS (2009)

Padmos et al, First Break, October 2010

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Imaging issues
Towed streamer data cant succesfully image through channelized Eocene overburden The channels attenuate the primary energy and produce strong multiples

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OBC imaging through structurally complex areas

Andrew Satellite development, CNS (2009)


Streamer OBC

Sele

Padmos et al, First Break, October 2010

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Streamer vs OBC data resolution


Andrew Satellite development, CNS (2009)
Streamer

OBC

Padmos et al, First Break, October 2010

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Gradient impedance section through well 16/23-7

Andrew Satellite development, CNS (2009)


Streamer

top Sele top Res

OBC Phase1

OBC Phase2

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Amplitude map from gradient impedance


Streamer OBC

2009 CNS Andrew Satellite development


16/23-2 16/23-2

16/24a-1

16/24a-1

16/23-7

16/23-7

16/23-1

16/23-1

16/23-3
1km

16/23-3

main sand fairway 1km 11. juni 2012 / 11

Why choose OBS for offshore seismic acquision?

Streamer

OBC

Resolution and Imaging

Field access

Streamer

OBC

Data domain

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OBC imaging through structurally complex areas

Campos Basin, Pre-salt imaging (2011)

Full azimuth acquisition


4C data to be used for development of pre-salt discovery

Veiera et al, SBGf conference Ex. Abstracts, 2011

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Acquisition in obstructed areas

Source vessel close pass

Cable deployment plot

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Close passes

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Why choose OBS for offshore seismic acquision?

Streamer

OBC

Resolution and Imaging

Field access

Streamer

OBC

Data domain

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4C OBS acquisition

4C sensor:
3 component geophone 1 hydrophone

Acquisition:
P-wave down Reflected up as P-wave (PP) Reflected up as S-wave (PS)

Streamer seismic

OBC

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OBC verifying direct hydrocaron indicator, CNS (2009)


3D PSTM

2D PZ (PP time)

Hughes, NPF Geophysical Seminar, 2010

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OBC verifying direct hydrocaron indicator, CNS (2009)


3D PSTM

2D PS (PS time)

Hughes, NPF Geophysical Seminar, 2010

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Overview

Unique OBS applications


Resolution Field access; obstructions Data domain

Survey design
Parallel and orthogonal Comparison with streamer acquisition

Final comments

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Types of OBS seismic acquisition


Parallel

Orthogonal

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Parallel acquisition: rolling pattern

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Orthogonal acquisition

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OBC acquisition: Typical North Sea field 100km2

Predicted survey duration of 72 days

Survey lay-out

600 fold over 100km2

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Azimuth displays courtesy of BP

Streamer acquisition
Multi-azimuth seismic ~ 100km2 Frade Field:
Dual Azimuth 3 obstructions Survey duration ~ 60 days

Cooke et al, SBGf conference Ex. Abstracts 2011

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Azimuth displays courtesy of BP

OBC acquisition
Full-azimuth seismic ~ 100km2
Campos Basin prospect: Full azimuth 6 obstructions Survey duration ~ 100 days
Azimuthal coverage

Survey design

Veiera et al, SBGf conference Ex. Abstracts 2011

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Azimuth displays courtesy of BP

Final remarks

OBS have some unique attributes and applications:


Resolution and Imaging Field access Data domain

Smaller OBS survey:


As efficient as streamer seismic and with better resolution/imaging

OBS is becoming a strategic technology

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Thank you .

Ocean Pearl and Vikland

11. juni 2012 / 28