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Langkah Langkah Pengisian Freon R22 Pada AC (Air Conditioning)

Sumber: http://www.air-conditioner-selection.com/how-to-recharge-air-conditioner.html Berikut adalah beberapa tips/cara tambahan sebelum menuju ke cara pengisian freon pada AC: Tujuan dari pengisian Refrigeran dalah untuk menambah dan mengurangi sejumlah Gas Referigran (pendingin) dalam jumlah tertentu dalam Sistem pendingin, sehingga mendapatkan udara yang nyaman dari AC (Air Conditioning) Pengisian Refrigran tidak memerlukan pengisian secara berkala karena ini bukan bahan konsumsi untuk AC. Kecuali: Ada kebocoran dalam sistem Anda baru saja mengubah bagian AC Merakit merk AC dengan unit baru

Cara mengisi ulang Gas Regerigerant dengan Cara 1 (Dari High Side)
Metode ini paling baik digunakan untuk AC yang dilengkapi dengan sistem Tabung Kapiler

Purpose, dos and donts, and some advice:


Here are some extra tips for you before venturing into how to recharge air conditioner. purpose of refrigerant charging is to add or remove, a specified amount of refrigerant from an air conditioning system, such that you will get comfort air from the air conditioner. contrary to popular belief, refrigerant do not require periodical charging. It is not a consumable item within an air conditioning unit, unless, there is a leak within the system, you have just changed an air conditioner part, OR you are assembling a brand new air conditioner unit

refrigerant of 4xx series, e.g. R-404a are non azeotrope type refrigerants, EXCEPT for R-410. R-410 is a near azeotrope mixture. So, whats the big deal between azeotrope and non azeotrope refrigerant? Azeotrope refrigerants consist of more than one blend of refrigerants, but it acts like a single refrigerant. Non azeotrope refrigerants on the other hand, DO NOT act like a single refrigerant. The implication is that, the blends will be lost from the system at different proportions due to different boiling temperatures, whenever there is a leakage in the non azeotrope refrigerant. Hence, charging of non azeotrope refrigerant can only be carried out from zero to full. Never top up this type of refrigerant in case of leakage.

Evacuate, and fill to adequate quantity. Azeotrope, or near azeotrope blends will act as a single refrigerant, and therefore, may be topped up in case of refrigerant leakage

do not overcharge as this will cause compressor damage, do not undercharge correct problems within the system, if subcooling or superheat is inadequate, even if the pressure in the system has reached design state never use open flame to heat up refrigerant cylinders. Use warm water instead recover the excess refrigerant into recovery cylinder, if the system is overcharged

A little more before we go further into how to recharge air conditioner systems.

Ensuring adequate refrigerant charge:


Make sure that, the amount of refrigerant superheat is about 10 oF (5.5 oC), or as per manufacturers recommendation, OR the amount of refrigerant subcooling is about 10 oF (5.5 oC), or as per manufacturers recommendation, OR

the sight glass after (or on) the filter dryer is clear after charging. Presence of bubbles means that there is no adequate charging

Its about time we look into details of "How to Recharge Air Conditioner".

How to recharge air conditioner style 1: From high side:


This method is best used with capillary tube fitted systems. Other criteria that will require this technique are inadequate subcooling, and to top up refrigerant. First, 1. stop the compressor, 2. know the refrigerant in the system, and get the correct refrigerant to be charged,

3. attach the refrigerant cylinder or canister to the centre manifolds hose of the pressure gauge set, 4. purge the line by throttling the plain gauges regulator, and the refrigerant cylinders regulator. Dont forget to close the regulators after purging, 5. attach plain pressure gauges hose of the gauge set, to the liquid line service valve of the air conditioning unit. Make sure that the protective cap of the service valve is taken out 6. open the plain gauges regulator slightly, 7. throttle the refrigerant cylinders regulator, 8. close the cylinders regulator when the pressure in the high pressure side reaches the design operating pressure, 9. operate the air conditioning unit,
10. check the subcooling, and make sure that the sight glass is clear,

11. stop the air conditioning unit if the subcooling is inadequate. Repeat steps (7) to (10) until the charging is adequate

Courtesy for condenser picture: Bryant Air Conditioners

How to recharge air conditioner style 2: From low side:


stop the compressor, know the refrigerant in the system, and get the correct refrigerant to be charged, attach the refrigerant cylinder or canister to the centre manifolds hose of the pressure gauge set, purge the line by throttling the compound gauges regulator, and the refrigerant cylinders regulator. Dont forget to close the regulators after purging, attach compound pressure gauges hose of the gauge set, to the suction service valve of the air conditioning unit. Make sure that the protective cap of the service valve is taken out open the compound gauges regulator slightly, throttle the refrigerant cylinders regulator. The pressure within the system shall be less than the condensing pressure of the refrigerant operate the air conditioning unit, close the cylinders regulator when the pressure in the low pressure side reaches the design operating pressure, the charge should be adequate once the design pressure on the low side is reached, but it is good to check the superheat, and make sure that the sight glass is clear

How to recharge air conditioner style 3: Using weight:


This method is used to charge refrigerant to an evacuated, or newly assembled, and moisture removed air conditioning unit. The steps, 1. stop the compressor, 2. know the refrigerant to be handled by the system, and get the correct refrigerant to be charged, 3. attach the refrigerant cylinder or canister to the centre manifolds hose of the pressure gauge set, 4. purge the line by throttling the compound gauges regulator, and the refrigerant cylinders regulator. Dont forget to close the regulators after purging, 5. attach compound pressure gauges hose of the gauge set, to the suction service valve of the air conditioning unit. Make sure that the protective cap of the service valve is taken out 6. put the cylinder on weighing scale, OR get adequate number of refrigerant canisters to charge the system 7. open the compound gauges regulator slightly, 8. throttle the refrigerant cylinders regulator, 9. operate the air conditioning unit, 10. close the cylinders regulator when the correct amount of refrigerant is added to the system 11. check the superheat, operating pressure, and make sure that the sight glass is clear

Courtesy for condenser picture: Bryant Air Conditioners

Thats about it on how to recharge air conditioner systems. Remember that a leak free system do not need regular refrigerant charging.