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Saud Khan
 Introduction
 Working of WIMAX
 IEEE 802.16 standard
 802.16 Architecture
 IEEE 802.16 Specifications
 Features of WIMAX
 Advantages of WIMAX over WIFI
 WIMAX vs. 3G
 ISSUES in WIMAX vs. 3G
What is WIMAX?

 WIMAX stands for Worldwide Interoperability for

Microwave Access

 WiMAX refers to broadband wireless networks that are

based on the IEEE 802.16 standard, which ensures
compatibility and interoperability between broadband
wireless access equipment

 WiMAX, which will have a range of up to 31 miles, is

primarily aimed at making broadband network access
widely available without the expense of stringing wires (as
in cable-access broadband) or the distance limitations of
Digital Subscriber Line.
 There are three possible ways to
access internet.
 Broadband access
Uses DSL or cable modem at home and
T1 or T3 line at office
Uses WIFI routers at home and hotspots
on the road
 Dial Up Connection
 Broadband access is too expensive
and WiFi coverage is very sparse.

 The new technology promises

 High speed of broadband service
 Wireless rather than wired access
 Broad Coverage
A WIMAX system consists of

 A WiMAX tower, similar in concept to a cell-phone tower - A

single WiMAX tower can provide coverage to a very large area
as big as 3,000 square miles (~8,000 square km).
 A WiMAX receiver - The receiver and antenna could be a
small box or Personal Computer Memory card, or they could
be built into a laptop the way WiFi access is today
HOW WIMAX works?
WIMAX Scenario
 Consider a scenario where a WiMax-enabled computer is
10 miles away from the WiMax base station.

 A special encryption code is given to computer to gain

access to base station

 The base station would beam data from the Internet

required for computer (at speeds potentially higher
than today's cable modems)
WIMAX Scenario
 The user would pay the provider monthly fee for using
the service. The cost for this service could be much
lower than current high-speed Internet-subscription fees
because the provider never had to run cables

 The WiMAX protocol is designed to accommodate several

different methods of data transmission, one of which is
Voice Over Internet Protocol (VoIP)

 If WiMAX-compatible computers become very common,

the use of VoIP could increase dramatically. Almost
anyone with a laptop could make VoIP calls
WiMAX Mini-PCI Reference Design Intel’s first WIMAX chip
 Scalability

 Quality of Service

 Range

 Coverage
 Optimized for up to 50 Km
 Designed to handle many users
spread out over kilometres
 Designed to tolerate greater multi-
path delay spread (signal reflections)
up to 10.0μ seconds
 PHY and MAC designed with multi-
mile range in mind
 Speed
 Faster than broadband service
 Wireless
 Not having to lay cables reduces cost
 Easier to extend to suburban and rural areas
 Broad Coverage
 Much wider coverage than WiFi hotspots
Benefits to Customers
 Range of technology and service level choices
from both fixed and wireless broadband
 DSL-like services at DSL prices but with
 Rapidly declining fixed broadband prices
 No more DSL “installation” fees from
Advantages of WiMax over 3G
 Using an assortment of proprietary
and standards-based technologies,
such as OFDM and W-CDMA ,WiMax
has a clear advantage over 3G
 The advantages include
 Higher Throughput
 Low Cost
 Lower Latency
Advantages of WiMax over 3G
Advantages of WiMax over 3G
 WiMax spectrum is more economical
than 3G.
 The price paid per Hz is as much as 1000
times lower than for 3G spectrum

 The low cost is a clear driver for service

providers to enter the field of wireless
services with WiMax
Advantages of WiMax over 3G
 WiMAX is important for mobile broadband
wireless, as it completes 3G by providing
higher performance for data with more than 1
Mbps downstream to allow connection of
laptops and PDAs

 WiMAX technology is the solution for many

types of high-bandwidth applications at the
same time across long distances and will
enable service carriers to converge the all-IP-
based network for triple-play services data,
voice, and video
Advantages of WiMax over 3G
 WiMAX interoperable solutions enable
economies of scale through integration of
standard chipsets, making WiMAX Forum
Certified products cost-effective at delivering
high-capacity broadband services at large
coverage distances in Line Of Sight and Non
Line Of Sight conditions
More ……
 WiMax will be deployed in three
 In the first phase WiMaX technology (based on IEEE
802.16-2004) provides fixed wireless connections
 In the second phase WiMaX will be available as a
cheap and self-installing Subscriber Terminal (ST),
linked to PC and to antenna
 The third phase enables portability, thus WiMAX
(based on IEEE 802.16e) will be integrated into
commercial laptops
 Deployment of the network
 WIMAX deployment is in the planning
stages and it might take 3-5 years in
providing reasonable coverage in well
populated areas
 WiMax may initially be relegated to
college campuses and larger corporate
campuses where people are less mobile
and costs containment is important
 Cost Issue
 The main reason to opt for WIMAX is its low cost.

 The price paid per Hz for WIMAX spectrum is as

much as 1000 times lower than for 3G spectrum

 The low cost of WIMAX spectrum compared to 3G is a

clear driver for service providers to enter the field of
wireless services with WIMAX
Conclusion (The Final Issue)
 Will WIMAX replace 3G?
 Along with the forthcoming standardization, WiMAX has the
potential to substitute 3G and become a promising 4G

 WiMAX has its distinct identity as either a stand-alone

solution for incumbent and competitive fixed network
operators or as complementary radio access solution for
established 2G and 3G cellular network operators

 Fixed-line operators, on the one hand, may consider

WiMAX as a viable alternative to add mobility to the service
portfolio, leveraging their huge subscriber base, in
particular in countries where 3G licensing is delayed or not