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Concrete Concrete Repair Repair Method Method

Note: The information used in this powerpoint is extracted from HKCRA and ICRI

By Dennis Choi

Concrete Concrete Repair Repair Procedure Procedure


Part 1 - Concrete Evaluation Part 2 - Concrete Repair Method Part 3 - Quality Control

Part Part 1 1 -- Concrete Concrete Evaluation Evaluation

Depends on complexity and size of the job


Before Repair Works
z (Open Up) Visual or RITS (Rapid Infrared Thermographic Survey) and delamination Survey (Hammer Tapping) zCovermeter Survey - in according with BS4408 Part 1 zCarbonation Depth Measurement PH of concrete 12.5 13.5 drop to 11 or below. Carbonation coefficient by application of Ficks Law

Part Part 1 1 -- Concrete Concrete Evaluation Evaluation


Before Repair Works
zElectrochemical Potential (Half Cell) -Measurement in accordance with ASTM C876-80

Part Part 1 1 -- Concrete Concrete Evaluation Evaluation


Before Repair Works
zConcrete Resistivity Measurement

zChloride Content Determination <0.06% by weight of concrete sample in accordance with BS 1881 Part124:1988 zCore Compression Strength Test 100 Diameter concrete core in accordance with CSI:1990 Section 15

Part Part 1 1 -- Concrete Concrete Evaluation Evaluation

After Repair Works (Q/C)


z RITS z Covermeter Survey z Rebound Hammer z Bond Test ( Direct pull-off) z Others Similar to the Before Repair Works (for comparison the result)

Part Part 2 2 -- Concrete Concrete Repair Repair Method Method

Surface Repair Method


Patching Method Grouting Method Spray Method / /

Full-Depth Replacement Method


Concrete Recasting Method

Concrete Repair Method

Concrete Repair Method

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Concrete Repair Method

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Concrete Repair Method

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Concrete Repair Method

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Concrete Repair Method

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Concrete Repair Method

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Concrete Repair Method

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Part 2 - Concrete Repair Method

Extracted from the ICRI Concrete Repair Manual, emphasis the following items
z z z General description ( limitation of different methods) Best application condition Material selection requirement ( available of different material in
local market)

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Part 2 - Concrete Repair Method

Other Consideration
z z z z z Time Constraint Serviceability requirement (upgrade/resume) Cost saving (value added) Efficiency of works End result - durability, appearance, clients satisfactionetc)

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Case Case Study Study

Concrete Repair - Patching

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Concrete Repair - Patching

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Form & Dry Packing Method

Concrete Repair -Spray

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Concrete Repair -Spray

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Concrete Repair -Grouting

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Concrete Repair -Grouting

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