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SULIT

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TINGKATAN:

TOPICAL TEST 3: CHEMICAL FORMULAE AND EQUATIONS

UJIAN TOPIKAL 3: FORMULA DAN PERSAMAAN KIMIA

PAPER 1 KERTAS 1

1 Which of the following is true about the

meaning of relative atomic mass?
Antara yang berikut, manakah benar tentang maksud jisim atom relatif?

9 g glukosa, C6H12O6 of atoms in Sample Number sample Sampel Bilangan atom dalam sampel

A The average mass of one atom of the 1 12 element when compared with of the mass of a carbon-12 atom.
Purata jisim satu atom bagi unsur itu apabila dibandingkan dengan jisim satu atom karbon-12.

A B C

2 1023 atoms
2 1023 atom

6 1023 atoms
6 1023 atom

1 12

B 32 C 40 D 64 8 The relative formula mass of a hydrated copper (II) sulphate is 250 with a formula of CuSO4.nH2O. Calculate the value of n. [Relative atomic mass: H, 1; O, 16; S, 32; Cu, 64]
Jisim formula relatif bagi kuprum (II) sulfat terhidrat ialah 250 dengan formula CuSO4.nH2O. Kira nilai n. [Jisim atom relatif: H, 1; O, 16; S, 32; Cu, 64]

kali

4 1023 atoms
4 10 atom
23

B The average mass of one molecule of the substance when compared with 1 12 of the mass of a carbon-12 atom.
Purata jisim satu molekul bagi bahan itu apabila dibandingkan dengan jisim satu atom karbon-12.

A 2 B 4

C 5 D 8

1 12

kali

C The average mass of one atom of the element when compared with 12 of the mass of a carbon-12 atom.
Purata jisim satu atom bagi unsur itu apabila dibandingkan dengan 12 kali jisim satu atom karbon-12.

Table 1 shows the number of atoms contained in three samples of iron A, B and C. Which of the following shows the correct sequence of samples in an descending order of number of moles of atoms?
Jadual 1 menunjukkan bilangan atom yang terdapat dalam tiga sampel, ferum A, B dan C. Antara yang berikut, manakah menunjukkan urutan menurun yang betul bagi bilangan mol atom dalam sampelsampel tersebut?

9 What is the mass of 2.4 1021 molecules of CO3? [Relative atomic mass: C, 12; O, 16; Avogadros constant = 6.02 1023 mol 1 ]
Berapakah jisim bagi 2.4 1021 molekul CO3? [Jisim atom relatif: C, 12; O, 16; Pemalar Avogadro = 6.02 1023 mol1]

A 0.02 g B 0.01 g

C 0.11 g D 0.24 g

D The average mass of one atom of the element when compared with the mass of a hydrogen-1 atom.
Purata jisim satu atom bagi unsur itu apabila dibandingkan dengan jisim satu atom hidrogen-1.

A B C D

A, C, B B, C, A A, B, C C, A, B

2 How many times does one atom of sulphur heavier than one atom of helium? [Relative atomic mass: He, 4; S, 32]
Berapa kalikah satu atom sulfur lebih berat daripada satu atom helium? [Jisim atom relatif: He, 4; S, 32]

5 Calculate the number of molecules in 0.2 mole of ethene, C2H4. [Avogadros constant = 6.02 1023 mol1 ]
Hitungkan bilangan molekul dalam 0.2 mol etena, C2H4. [Pemalar Avogadro = 6.02 1023 mol1]

10 3 g of element X react with 7.5 g of element Y to form a compound with the empirical formula of X2Y3. What is the relative atomic mass of Y? [Relative atomic mass: X, 60]
3 g unsur X bertindak balas dengan 7.5 g unsur Y untuk menghasilkan satu sebatian yang mempunyai formula empirik X 2Y3. Berapakah jisim atom relatif bagi Y? [Jisim atom relatif: X, 60]

0.2 1023 molekul

A 25 B 40

C 50
D 100

A B

C 4 D 8

B 1.2 1023 molecules

1.2 1023 molekul

C 2.4 10 molecules
2.4 1023 molekul

23

3 Which of the following has the same number of particles as in 2.8 g of iron? [Relative atomic mass: H, 1; C, 12; O, 16; Al, 27; Ca, 40; Fe, 56; Cu, 64; Avogadros constant = 6.02 1023 mol 1 ]
Antara yang berikut, manakah mempunyai bilangan zarah yang sama dengan dalam 2.8 g ferum? [Jisim atom relatif: H, 1; C, 12; O, 16; Al, 27; Ca, 40; Fe, 56; Cu, 64; pemalar Avogadro = 6.02 1023 mol1]

D 6.0 1023 molecules

6.0 1023 molekul

11 Calculate the volume of distilled water needed to mix with 11.7 g of sodium chloride to get a solution of 1.7 mol dm3 sodium chloride. [Relative atomic mass: Na, 23; Cl, 35.5]
Hitungkan isi padu air suling yang diperlukan untuk bercampur dengan 11.7 g natrium klorida supaya menghasilkan larutan 1.7 mol dm3 natrium klorida. [Jisim atom relatif: Na, 23; Cl, 35.5]

6 What is the mass of 1 mole of hydrogen

gas? [Relative atomic mass: H, 1]
Berapakah jisim bagi 1 mol gas hidrogen? [Jisim atom relatif: H, 1]

A 1 B 2

C 4 D 6

A 0.032 g of copper
0.032 g kuprum

B 3 1021 of calcium particles

3 1021 zarah kalsium

7 The relative molecular mass of a metal sulphate, XSO4 is 136. What is the relative atomic mass of metal X? [Relative atomic mass: O, 16; S, 32]
Jisim molekul relatif bagi satu logam sulfat, XSO4 ialah 136. Berapakah jisim atom relatif bagi logam X?

A B C D

120 cm3

C 0.05 mole of oxygen

0.05 mol oksigen

D 9 g glucose, C6H12O6
Navision (M) Sdn. Bhd. (690640-P)

A 23
12

sulphuric acid is used as an electrolyte in a car battery. What is the volume of electrolyte of 0.18 mole of sulphuric acid?
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TOPICAL TEST 3: CHEMICAL FORMULAE AND EQUATIONS

UJIAN TOPIKAL 3: FORMULA DAN PERSAMAAN KIMIA

PAPER 1 KERTAS 1 Asid sulfurik yang berkepekatan 0.75 mol dm 3 digunakan sebagai elekrolit dalam bateri kereta. Berapakah isi padu elektrolit bagi 0.18 mol asid sulfurik?

A 240 C 488 cm B 333 cm3 D 560 cm3 13 Calculate the mass of carbon contained in 375 g of zinc carbonate, ZnCO3. [Relative atomic mass: C, 12; O, 16; Zn, 65]
Hitung jisim karbon yang terkandung dalam 375 g zink karbonat, ZnCO3. [Jisim atom relatif: C, 12; O, 16; Zn, 65]

cm3

0.3 mol X bergabung dengan 9.6 g oksigen untuk menghasil X oksida, di mana X ialah satu unsur. Apakah formula empirik bagi X oksida? [Jisim atom relatif: O, 16]

II They have same number of atoms.

Mempunyai bilangan atom yang sama.

III They are alcohol.

Merupakan alkohol.

A X2O B XO2

C X2O3 D X3O2

IV They have same relative atomic mass.

Mempunyai jisim atom relatif yang sama.

A 12 B 24 14

C 36 D 48

18 20 cm3 nitrogen gas and 60 cm3 of hydrogen gas react completely to form ammonia gas at room temperature. Which of the following calculation steps represents the empirical formula for this ammonia gas? [Relative atomic mass: H, 1; N, 14; molar volume: 24 dm3 mol1 at room temperature]
20 cm gas nitrogen dan 60 cm gas hidrogen bertindak balas dengan lengkap untuk menghasilkan gas ammonia pada suhu bilik. Antara langkah pengiraan yang berikut, manakah mewakili formula empirik bagi gas ammonia itu? [Jisim atom relatif: H, 1; N, 14; isi padu molar: 24 dm3 mol1 pada suhu bilik]
3 3

A I only
I sahaja

B I and II only
I dan II sahaja

C I, II and III only

I, II dan III sahaja

D II, III and IV only

II, III dan IV sahaja

21 Relative atomic mass of calcium and bromine are 40 and 80 respectively. Which of the following statements are not true?
Jisim atom relatif bagi kalsium dan bromin masing-masing ialah 40 dan 80. Antara pernyataan yang berikut, manakah tidak benar?

Diagram 1 Rajah 1

Diagram 1 shows a syringe containing x g of carbon dioxide gas at room temperature. Calculate the value of x. [Relative atomic mass: C, 12; O, 16; molar volume = 24 dm3 mol1 at room temperature]
Rajah 1 menunjukkan picagari yang mengandungi x g gas karbon dioksida pada suhu bilik. Hitungkan nilai x. [Jisim atom relatif: C, 12; O, 16; isi padu molar = 24 dm3 mol1 pada suhu bilik]

No. of moles of No. of moles of nitrogen hydrogen

Bilangan mol nitrogen Bilangan mol hidrogen

I 2 atoms of calcium have same atomic mass as 1 molecule of bromine gas.

2 atom kalsium mempunyai jisim yang sama dengan satu molekul gas bromin.

A B C D

II 2 g of calcium have same number of atoms as 1 g of bromine gas.

2 g kalsium mempunyai bilangan atom yang sama dengan 1 g gas bromin.

A 0.11 B 0.33

C 0.44 D 0.52

III The mass of calcium is 40 g and the mass of bromine is 160 g.

Jisim kalsium ialah 40 g dan jisim bromin ialah 160 g.

15 A compound X contains 19.2% of copper and 80.8% of iodide. Find the mass of copper if the mass of the compound X is 60 g. [Relative atomic mass: Cu, 64; I, 127]
Sebatian X mengandungi 19.2% kuprum dan 80.8% iodida. Cari jisim kuprum jika jisim sebatian X ialah 60 g. [Jisim atom relatif: Cu, 64; I, 127]

IV 4 moles of calcium have same mass as 2 moles of bromine gas.

4 mol kalsium mempunyai jisim yang sama dengan 2 mol gas bromin.

A I and II only
I dan II sahaja

19 Which of the following gases has the lowest density at room temperature? [Relative atomic mass: H, 1; C, 12; N, 14; O, 16]
Antara gas-gas yang berikut, manakah mempunyai ketumpatan yang paling rendah pada suhu bilik? [Jisim atom relatif: H, 1; C, 12; N, 14; O, 16]

B II and IV only
II dan IV sahaja

C I, II and IV only
I, II dan IV sahaja

D I, II, III and IV

I, II, III dan IV

A 11.5 g B 19.2 g

C 48.5 g D 80.8 g

22

mass of 1.4 g. What is the relative atomic mass of X?

0.14 mol gas X2 mempunyai jisim 1.4 g. Berapakah jisim atom relatif bagi X?

A O2 B CO2

C H2 D N2

20 Which of the following statement is true

A 2.5 B 5.0

C 10.0 D 15.0

about one mole of oxygen gas and one mole of ethane gas?
Antara pernyataan yang berikut, manakah benar tentang satu mol gas oksigen dan satu mol gas etana?

17 0.3 mole of X combined with 9.6 g of oxygen to form X oxide, where X is an element. What is the empirical formula for X oxide? [Relative atomic mass: O, 16]
Navision (M) Sdn. Bhd. (690640-P)

I They have same volume at room temperature.

The equation above shows the decomposition of metal P when it is heated. Calculate the mass of carbonate of metal P which is used to produce 336cm3 of carbon dioxide gas at s.t.p. [Relative atomic mass: C, 12; O, 16; P, 64; molar volume: 22.4 dm3 mol1 at s.t.p.]
Persamaan di atas menunjukkan penguraian logam P apabila dipanaskan. Hitungkan jisim karbonat bagi logam P yang digunakan untuk SULIT

13

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TINGKATAN:

TOPICAL TEST 3: CHEMICAL FORMULAE AND EQUATIONS

UJIAN TOPIKAL 3: FORMULA DAN PERSAMAAN KIMIA

PAPER 1 KERTAS 1 menghasilkan 336cm3 gas karbon dioksida pada s.t.p. [Jisim atom relatif: C, 12; O, 16; P, 64; isi padu molar: 22.4 dm3 mol1 pada s.t.p.]

A XO B X2O
26

C X2O3 D X3O2

A 0.02 g B 1.86 g
23

C 4.82 g D 6.22 g

2H2O2 (aq) 2H2O (l) + O2 (g)

2H2O2 (ak) 2H2O (ce) + O2 (g)

Diagram 2 Rajah 2

CaCO3 CaO + CO2

Calcium carbonate decomposes when it is heated. According to the
equation above, what is the mass of calcium oxide formed when 10 g of calcium carbonate is burnt completely? [Relative atomic mass: C, 12; O, 16;

The equation above shows the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide, H2O2. Which of the following amount of substances are produced when 0.02 mole of hydrogen peroxide is decomposed completely at s.t.p.? [Molar volume at s.t.p.: 22.4 dm3 mol1]
Persamaan di atas menunjukkan penguraian hidrogen peroksida, H2O2. Antara jumlah bahan yang berikut, manakah akan dihasilkan apabila 0.02 mol hidrogen peroksida diurai selengkapnya pada s.t.p.? [Isi padu molar pada s.t.p.: 22.4 dm3 mol1]

Diagram 2 shows the set-up of the apparatus to determine the empirical formula of a copper (II) oxide. Which of the following gas is suitable to be used in the Diagram 2?
Rajah 2 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk menentukan formula empirik kuprum (II) oksida. Antara gas yang berikut, manakah sesuai diguna dalam Rajah 2?

A Hydrogen gas
Gas hidrogen

Ca, 40]
Kalsium karbonat terurai apabila dipanaskan. Berdasarkan persamaan di atas, berapakah jisim kalsium oksida yang dihasilkan apabila 10 g kalsium karbonat dibakar selengkapnya? [Jisim atom relatif: C, 12; O, 16; Ca, 40]

B Oxygen gas
Gas oksigen

C Carbon dioxide gas

Gas karbon dioksida

0.01 mol air

D Nitrogen gas
Gas nitrogen

A 0.4 g B 0.6 g
24

C 5.6 g D 8.0 g

II 0.22 dm3 of oxygen gas

0.22 dm3 of gas oksigen

III 6.02 1021 of oxygen gas molecule

6.02 1021 molekul gas oksigen

30

2Al2O3 4Al + 3O2

The equation above shows the reaction of the extraction of aluminium from aluminium oxide. Calculate the mass of aluminium oxide when 108 g of aluminium is
extracted from the reaction. [Relative atomic mass: O,16; Al, 27]
Persamaan di atas menunjukkan tindak balas pengekstrakan aluminium daripada aluminium oksida. Hitungkan jisim aluminium oksida yang digunakan apabila 108 g aluminium diekstrak daripada tindak balas itu. [Jisim atom relatif: O, 16; Al, 27]

IV 1.2 1020 of water molecules

1.2 1020 molekul air

A I and II only
I dan II sahaja I dan IV sahaja

C II and III only

II dan III sahaja III dan IV sahaja

B I and IV only D III and IV only

27 The formula of the sulphate salt of X is

XSO4. What is the formula of the nitrate salt of X?

Formula bagi sulfat garam X ialah XSO 4. Apakah formula bagi garam nitrat X?

Diagram 3 Rajah 3

A 102 g B 180 g
25

C 204 g D 306 g

C X(NO3)2 A XNO3 D X2(NO3)2 B X2NO3 28 Which of the substances below is matched with the correct relative molecular mass? [Relative atomic mass: H, 1; C, 12; O, 16; Na, 23; S, 32; Cl, 35.5; K, 39; Cr, 52; Ba, 137]
Antara bahan di bawah, manakah dipadankan dengan jisim molekul relatif yang betul? [Jisim atom relatif: H, 1; C, 12; O, 16; Na, 23; S, 32; Cl, 35.5; K, 39; Cr, 52; Ba, 137]

Diagram 3 shows the set-up of apparatus to determine the empirical formula of an oxide of lead. Which of the following are correct in the set-up of apparatus for this experiment?
Rajah 3 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk menentukan formula empirik bagi suatu oksida plumbum. Antara yang berikut, manakah betul tentang susunan radas eksperimen itu?

Element
Unsur

I No Bunsen burner

1.08 0.96 27 16

II The using of oxide of lead

Penggunaan oksida plumbum

Substance
Bahan

Relative molecular mass

Jisim molekul relatif

III Fixing of the combustion tube

Pemasangan tabung pembakaran

IV Position of the thistle funnel

Kedudukan corong tisel

Table 2 shows the mass and the relative atomic mass of the element X and O. What is the empirical formula for this oxide?
Jadual 2 menunjukkan jisim dan jisim atom relatif bagi unsur X dan O. Apakah formula empirik bagi oxida itu? Navision (M) Sdn. Bhd. (690640-P)

A C D
29

A I and II only
I dan II sahaja

B Na2S2O3.5H2O

B II and III only

II dan III sahaja

C III and IV only

III dan IV sahaja

D I, II and III only

I, II dan III sahaja

14

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TINGKATAN:

TOPICAL TEST 3: CHEMICAL FORMULAE AND EQUATIONS

UJIAN TOPIKAL 3: FORMULA DAN PERSAMAAN KIMIA

PAPER 1 KERTAS 1

PAPER 2 KERTAS 2

Section A

Bahagian A

(c) Why should the crucible lid be opened once in a while during the experiment?
Mengapakah penutup mangkuk pijar dibuka sekali-sekala semasa eksperimen? ________________________________________________________ [2 marks / 2 markah]

(d) Based on the results above,

Berdasarkan keputusan di atas,

(i) calculate the mass of magnesium used and the mass of oxygen that has reacted with the magnesium.
Diagram 1
Rajah 1

Diagram 1 shows the set-up of apparatus for an experiment to determine the empirical formula of magnesium oxide.
Rajah 1 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi satu eksperimen untuk menentukan formula empirik magnesium oksida.

hitungkan jisim magnesium yang digunakan dan jisim oksigen yang telah bertindak balas dengan magnesium. ___________________________________________________ [2 marks / 2 markah]

(ii) determine the empirical formula of magnesium oxide.

tentukan formula empirik magnesium oksida. ___________________________________________________ [2 marks / 2 markah]

Result
Keputusan

Mass of crucible + lid

Jisim mangkuk pijar + penutup

= 26.6 g

(e) Write the chemical equation for the reaction in this experiment.
Tuliskan persamaan kimia bagi tindak balas dalam eksperimen itu. ________________________________________________________ [1 mark / 1 markah]

Mass of crucible + lid + magnesium ribbons

Jisim mangkuk pijar + penutup + pita magnesium

= 27.2 g = 27.6 g

(f) What is the precaution needed in this experiment?

Apakah langkah berjaga-jaga yang diperlukan dalam eksperimen itu? ________________________________________________________ [1 mark / 1 markah]

Mass of crucible + lid + magnesium oxide

Jisim mangkuk pijar + penutup + magnesium oksida

2 (a) (i) What is meant by relative atomic mass based on the carbon-12 scale?
Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan jisim atom relatif berdasarkan skala karbon-12? ___________________________________________________ [1 mark / 1 markah]

(a) What is meant by empirical formula?

Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan formula empirik? ________________________________________________________ [1 mark / 1 markah]

(b) State the purpose of cleaning the magnesium ribbon with sand paper.
Nyatakan tujuan membersihkan pita magnesium dengan kertas pasir. ________________________________________________________ [1 mark / 1 markah] Navision (M) Sdn. Bhd. (690640-P) 15

(ii) What is meant by relative molecular mass based on the carbon-12 scale?
Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan jisim molekul relatif berdasarkan skala karbon-12? ___________________________________________________ [1 mark / 1 markah]

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TOPICAL TEST 3: CHEMICAL FORMULAE AND EQUATIONS

UJIAN TOPIKAL 3: FORMULA DAN PERSAMAAN KIMIA

PAPER 1 KERTAS 1

(iii) State one reason why carbon-12 was chosen as the standard atom.
Nyatakan satu sebab mengapa karbon-12 dipilih sebagai atom piawai. ___________________________________________________ [1 mark / 1 markah]

(a) (i) Write down the molecular formula of aspirin.

Tuliskan formula molekul bagi aspirin. __________________________________________________ [1 mark / 1 markah]

(b)

Takrifkan pemalar Avogadro. ___________________________________________________ [1 mark / 1 markah]

(ii) Calculate the mass of 0.05 mole aspirin.

Hitungkan jisim bagi 0.05 mol aspirin. _________________________________________________________ [2 marks / 2 markah]

(ii) A sample of zinc contains of 3 1022 zinc atoms. How many moles of zinc are there in this sample? [Avogadro constant: 6 1023 mol1]
Satu sample zink mengandungi 3 1022 atom zink. Berapa mol bagi zink yang terdapat dalam sampel itu? [Pemalar Avogadro: 6 1023 mol1] ___________________________________________________ [2 marks / 2 markah]

(b)

(c) 0.02 mole of a hydrocarbon was completely burnt in air and 2.4 dm3 of carbon dioxide was released at standard temperature and pressure.
0.02 mol hidrokarbon dibakar selengkapnya dalam udara dan 2.4 dm3 karbon dioksida dibebaskan pada suhu dan tekanan piawai.

Diagram 3 Rajah 3

Diagram 3 shows the structural formula of vitamin C.

Rajah 3 menunjukkan formula struktur bagi vitamin C.

(i) What is the molecular formula of vitamin C?

Apakah formula molekul vitamin C? ___________________________________________________ [1 mark / 1 markah]

(i) Calculate the number of molecules in 0.02 mole of hydrocarbon.

Hitungkan bilangan molekul yang terkandung dalam 0.02 mol hidrokarbon. ___________________________________________________ [1 mark / 1 markah]

(ii) What is the empirical formula of vitamin C?

Apakah formula empirik vitamin C? ___________________________________________________ [1 mark / 1 markah]

(ii) Calculate the number of moles of 2.4 dm 3 of carbon dioxide.

Hitungkan bilangan mol bagi 2.4 dm karbon dioksida. ___________________________________________________ [1 mark / 1 markah]
3

(iii) Compare the molecular formula and empirical formula of vitamin C.

Bandingkan formula molekul dan formula empirik bagi vitamin C. ___________________________________________________ [2 marks / 2 markah]

(iii) Calculate the volume of carbon dioxide released at s.t.p. from one mole of hydrocarbon.

(iv) State the molar mass of vitamin C.

Nyatakan jisim molar bagi vitamin C. ___________________________________________________ [1 mark / 1 markah]

(v) Calculate the percentage of oxygen by mass in a molecule of vitamin C.

Hitungkan peratus jisim oksigen dalam satu molekul vitamin C. ___________________________________________________ [1 mark / 1 markah]

(c) Given that the empirical formula of X is CH2O and its relative molecular mass is 60. Find the molecular formula of X.
Diagram 2 Rajah 2
Diberi formula empirik X ialah CH2O dan jisim molekul relatifnya ialah 60. Cari formula molekul X. ________________________________________________________ [2 marks / 2 markah]

Diagram 2 shows the structural formula of aspirin. Section B 4 (a) State the meaning of molar mass of a substance by using two suitable examples.
Nyatakan maksud jisim molar bagi satu bahan dengan menggunakan dua contoh yang sesuai. [3 marks / 3 markah]

Bahagian B

(ii) What is the molar volume of gas at s.t.p. and room condition? Calculate the volume of 0.5 mole of hydrogen gas at room condition and standard temperature and pressure.

(b) (i) State the meaning of molar volume of a gas by using suitable example.
Nyatakan maksud isi padu molar bagi satu gas dengan menggunakan contoh yang sesuai. [3 marks / 3 markah] Navision (M) Sdn. Bhd. (690640-P) 16

(iii) Explain why is the molar volume of gas different in these two conditions.
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TOPICAL TEST 3: CHEMICAL FORMULAE AND EQUATIONS

UJIAN TOPIKAL 3: FORMULA DAN PERSAMAAN KIMIA

(ii) Calculate the molecular formula of compound x by using your answer in (c)(i).

the

(c) A hydrocarbon compound, X contains 86% of carbon and 14% of hydrogen. Given that the relative molecular mass of the compound X is 70.
Satu sebatian hidrokarbon, X mengandungi 86% karbon dan 14% hidrogen. Diberi jisim molekul relatif sebatian X ialah 70.

Hitungkan formula molekul sebatian X dengan menggunakan jawapan anda dalam (c)(i). [2 marks / 2 markah]

(iii) Draw one of the structural formula of the compound X and name it.
Lukis dan namakan satu formula struktur sebatian X. [2 marks / 2 markah]

(i) Calculate the empirical formula of compound X.

Hitungkan formula empirik sebatian X.

[3 marks / 3 markah] Section C 5 (a) (i) Explain what is meant by empirical formula of a compound.
Jelaskan apakah yang dimaksudkan formula empirik bagi satu sebatian. [1 mark / 1 markah]

Bahagian C

(ii) Write down the empirical formula for vitamin C, C6H8O6 and ammonia gas, NH3.
Tuliskan formula empirik bagi vitamin C, C6H8O6 dan gas ammonia, NH3. [2 marks / 2 markah]

(b) (i) A sample of green oxide of chromium is given. With the aid of a labelled diagram, describe a laboratory experiment to determine the empirical formula for oxides of chromium. Your experiment should also include observations, tabulation of results, calculations and all precautions and safety taken.
Satu sampel oksida kromium hijau diberi. Dengan bantuan rajah yang berlabel, huraikan satu eksperimen di makmal untuk menentukan formula empirik oksida kromium. Eksperimen anda hendaklah mengandungi pemerhatian, penjadualan keputusan, pengiraan dan semua langkah-langkah berjaga yang perlu diambil. [10 marks / 10 markah]

(ii) State the reason why the empirical formula for the oxide of chromium cannot be determined by heating this solid oxide with magnesium powder.
Nyatakan sebab mengapa formula empirik oksida kromium tidak boleh ditentu dengan pemanasan pepejal oksida dengan serbuk magnesium. [3 marks / 3 markah]

(c) Given that the relative molecular mass of gas X is 72. Gas X and gas Y are hydrocarbons.
Diberi jisim molekul relatif gas X ialah 72. Gas X dan gas Y ialah hidrokarbon.

(i) If the formula of gas X is CnH12, what is the value of n? Name the gas X.
Jika formula gas X ialah C nH12, apakah nilai n? Namakan gas X. [2 marks / 2 markah]

(ii) Deduce the formula of gas Y, if the relative molecular mass of gas Y is 42. Name the gas Y.
Mentaabirkan formula gas Y, jika jisim molekul relatif gas Y ialah 42. Namakan gas Y. [2 marks / 2 markah]

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