Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 13

1. If x to the 3/4 power equals 8, Find the value of x.

Ans: 16
Solution:
( )
( )
3/ 4
4 / 3
4
x 8
x 8
x 2
x 16

2. If
6 / 8
a 0.001,

solve for a.
Ans: 10,000
Solution:
6 / 8
a 0.001
6
In In 0.001
8
a 10,000

3. Solve for x if log3


x
81 16
Ans: 4
Solution:
( )
( )
( )
x
3
16
x
x
16 4
4x 16
log 81 16
81 3
3 3
3 3
4x 16
x 4

4. What is the value of


( ) ( ) log5to the base 2 log5 to the base 3 +
Ans: 3.79
Solution:
2 3
2
x
3
y
log 5 log 5
Let x log 5
2 5
xlog 2 log 5
x 2.322
Let y log 5
3 5
ylog3 log5
y 1.465
x y 2.322 1.465
x y 3.787 say 3.79
+

+ +
+
5. If log of 2 to the base 2 plus log of x to the base 2 is equal
to 2, Find the value of x.
Ans:2
Solution:
( ) ( )
( )
2
2
2
log2 log x 2
log 2 x 2
2x 2
2x 4
x 2
+

6. If (2 log x to the base 4) (log 9 to the base 4) = 2, find x,


Ans: 12
Solution:
( )
4 4
2
4 4
2
4
2
2
2log x log 9 2
log x log 9 2
x
log 2
9
x
4
9
x 12


_

7. Solve for x : log10 8=3-3 log10 x


Ans: 5
Solution:
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
10 10
3
10 10
3
10
3 3
3 3
3
log 8 3log x 3
log 8 log x 3
log 8 x 3
8x 10
2 x 10
2x 10
x 5
+
+

8. If loga 10=0.25, what is the value of log10 a=?


Ans. 4
Solution:
a
0.25
10
10
10
log 10 0.25
10 a
log10 0.25loga
a 10,000
log a x
x log 10000
x 4
log a 4

9. What is the value of log to the base 10 of 1000


3.3
Ans: 9.9
Solution:
( )
3.3
10
log 1000
3.3log1000
3.3 3 9.9
10. Solve for x: log ( ) ( ) 2x 7 log x 1 log5 +
Ans: 4
Solution:
( ) ( )
( )
log 2x 7 log x 1 log5
2x 7
log log5
x 1
2x 7
5
x 1
2x 7 5x 5
3x 12
x 4
+
+

11. Find the sum of the roots of 5x


2
10x + 2 = 0
Ans: 2
Solution:
Page 1 of 13 Mathematics Enhancers

( )
2
1 2
1 2
1 2
5x 10X 2 0
A 5
B 10
C 2
B
x x
A
10
x x
5
x x 2
+

+
+
12. Compute the numerical coefficient of the 5
th
term of the
expansion of ( )
12
x 4y . +
Ans: 126720
Solution:
( )
( )
( )
( )
n r 1 r 1
n m m
4
8
4
8 4
4
k x y
k x y
m r 1
m 5 1 4
n!
k
n m !m!
k x 4y
k x y 4
12!
4 126720
8! 4!
+

13. What is the sum of the coefficients of the expansion of


( )
20
2x 1 .
Ans: 0
Solution:
( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
20
20 20
20 20
Substitute x 1 but subtract 1
Sum of the coefficients
2 1 1 1
Sum of the coefficients
1 1
0

1
]

14. What is the sum of the coefficients in the expansion of


( )
8
x y z . +
Ans: 1
Solution:
Substitute x = 1 y = 1 and z = 1
Sum of the coefficients = ( )
8
1 1 1 +
Sum of the coefficients = ( )
8
1
Sum of the coefficients = 1
15. Find the coefficient of the expansion of (x-y)
15
containing
the term x
4
y
11
Ans: -1365
Solution:
( )
( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( )
11
4
4 11
n 5 ; m 11
k x y
kx y
n! 15!
k
n m !m! 4!11!
15 14 13 12 11!
k
4 3 2 1 11!
k 1365



16. Find the term involving x
8
in the expansion of ( )
10
x 2y .
Ans: 180 x
8
y
2
Solution:
Term involving x
8
=
( )
2
8
10! x 2y
8! 2!

Term involving x
8
= 90 x
8
(-2y)
2
Term involving x
8
= 180 x
8
y
2
17. Find the 8
th
term of the sequence
5 n 2
3, 4, ...
3 2n 3
+

Ans:
10
13
Solution:
( )
1 2
when n 1 3
2 1 3
2 2
when n 2 4
4 3
3 2 5
when n 3
6 3 3
8 2 10
when n 8
16 3 13
+

18. What follows logically in these series of numbers


2,3,4,5,9,17..
Ans: 33
Solution:
2 3 5 9 17 x
1 2 4 8 16
x 17 16
x 33
+

19. Find the value of x if 2 4 6 8 ...x 110 + + + +


( ) Using 2 4 6 ....2n n n 1 + + + +
Ans: 20
Solution: 20
( )
( )
( )
( ) ( )
2
2 4 6 ...2n n n 1
S n n 1
110 n n 1
n n 110 0
n 10 n 11 0
n 10
x 2n
x 20
+ + + +
+
+
+
+

20. Solve for x in the following equation.


x 3x 5x 7x .....49x 625. + + + +
Ans: 1
Solution:
Page 2 of 13 Mathematics Enhancers

( )
( ) ( )
( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( )
( ) ( )
1
n 1
a x
d 2x
a a n 1 d
49x x n 1 2x
49 1 2n 2
50 2n
n 25
n
S 2a n 1 d
2
25
625 2 x 24 2x
2
25 50 x
625
2
625 25 25 x
x 1

+
+
+

1 +
]
1 +
]

21. Given f(x) = ( ) ( ) x 4 x 3 4, + +


when f(x) is divided by
( ) x k ,
the remainder is K. Find the value of K.
Ans: 4
Solution:
( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
2
2
f x x 4 x 3 4
f K K 4 K 3 4 remainder
K K 4 K 3 4
K K K 12 4
K 2K 8 0
K 4 K 2 0
K 4 K 2
+ +
+ +
+ +
+

+

22. Which of the following is a factor of 3x
3
+ 2x
2
-32?
Ans: x-2
Solution:
( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( )
3 2
3 2
f x 3x 2x 32
when x 2
f 2 3 2 2 2 32
f 2 0
+

Note: If the remainder is zero, the number we assume is a


factor. Therefore x-2 is a factor of 3x
3
+2x
2
-32
23. Write a cubic equation whose roots are (-1,2,4)
Ans: x
3
5x
2
+ 2x + 8 = 0
Solution:
( ) ( ) ( )
( )
( )
2
3 2 2
3 2
x 1 x 2 x 4 0
x 1 x 6x 8 0
x 6x 8x x 6x 8 0
x 5x 2x 8 0
+
+ +
+ + +
+ +
24. The mean proportion between 12 and x is equal to 6. Find
the value of x.
Ans: 3
Solution:
12 6
6 x
36
x
12
x 3

25. Find x if 7 is the fourth proportional to 36 and 28, and x.


Ans: 9
Solution:
( )
36 x
28 7
36 7
x
28
x 9

26. The force required to stretched a spring is proportional to


the elongation. If 24 N stretches a spring 3 mm, find the
force required to stretch the spring 2 mm.
Ans: 16
Solution:
( )
( )
F kx
24 k 3
k 8
F kx 8 2
F 16N

27. The volume of a hemisphere varies directly as the cube of


its radius. The volume of the hemisphere with 2.54 cm.
radius is 20.75 cm
3
. What is the volume of a sphere
with3.25 cm. radius of the same kind of material?
Ans:
Solution:
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
3
3
3
3
3
3
V kr
20.75 k 2.54
k 1.266
V kr
V 1.266 3.25
V 43.46cm hemisphere
V 2 43.46
V 86.92cm sphere

28. If x varies directly as y and inversely as z, and x=14, when


y=7 and z=2, find x when y=16 and z =4.
Ans: 16
Solution:
( )
y
x k
z
7
14 k
2
k 4
4 16
x
4
x 16

29. A tank is filled with 2 pipes. The first pipe can fill the tank
in 10 hours. But after it has been opened for 3
1
3
hours,
the second pipe is opened and the tank is filled up in 4
hours more. How long would it take the second pipe alone
to fill the tank? The two pipes have different diameters.
Ans: 15
Solution:
Page 3 of 13 Mathematics Enhancers

( )
1 1 1 1
3 4 1
3 10 10 x
10 4 4
1
3 10 10 x
x 15 hours
_ _ _
+ +

, , ,
+ +

30. A and B working together can finish painting a house in six


days. A working alone, can finish it in five days less than
B. How long will it take each of them to finish the work
alone?
Ans: 10,15
Solution:
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
2
1 1 1
A B 6
A B 5
1 1
6 1
B 5 B
6 B B 5 B B 5
B 17B 30 0
B 15 B 2 0
B 15 B 2
Use B 15
A 15 5
A 10
_
+

,

_
+

,
+
+

31. Crew no.1 can finish the installation of an antenna tower in


200 man-hours while Crew No.2 can finish the same job in
300 man-hours. How long will it take both crews to finish
the same job, working together?
Ans: 120
Solution:
( )
( )
1 1 1
200 300 x
300 200 1
200 300 x
x 120 man hours
_
+

,
+


32. An experienced statistical clerk submitted the following
statistics to his manager on the average rate of production
of transistorized radios in an assembly line, 1.5 workers
produced 3 radios in 2 hours. How many workers are
employed in the assembly line working 40 hrs each per
week if weekly production is 480 radios?
Ans: 12
Solution:
No. of man-hours to produced 3 radios
( ) 1.5 2
3

No. of man-hours to produce 480 radios


( ) x 40
480

By proportion:
( ) 1.5 2 40x
480 3
x 12 wor ker s


33. A certain job can be done by 72 men in 100 days. There
were 80 men at the start of the project but after 40 days,
30 of them had to be transferred to another project. How
long will it take the remaining workforce to complete the
job?
Ans: 80
Solution:
Let x =no. of days it will take for the remaining
workforce to complete the job
Then,
( ) ( ) ( ) 80 40 50 x 72 100
x 80
+

34. Twenty (20) men can finish the job in 30 days. Twenty five
(25) men were hired at the start and 10 quit after 20 days.
How many days will it take to finish the job?
Ans: 27
Solution:
No. of man-days:
( ) ( ) ( ) 20 30 25 20 25 10 x
x 6.67 say 7 days
+

Total number of days to finish the job


20 7
27 days
+

35. Given two numbers such that the difference of twice the
first and the second number is 12. If the sum of the first
and the second number is 36, find the number.
Ans: 16,20
Solution:
x 1st no.
y 2nd no.
2x y 12
x y 36
3x 48
x 16
y 20

36. The product of


1 1
and
4 5
of a number is 500. What is the
number.
Ans: 100
Solution:
( )
2
1 1
x x 500
4 5
x 500 20
x 100
_ _


, ,

37. The square of the number increased by 16 is the same as


10 times the number. Find the numbers.
Ans: 2,8
Solution:
( ) ( )
2
2
x 16 10x
x 10x 16 0
x 2 x 8 0
x 2
x 8
+
+

38. The sides of the right triangle are 8, 15 and 17 units. If


each side is doubled, how many square units will the area
of the new triangle.
Ans: 240
Solution:
( ) 16 30
A
2
A 240 sq.m.

39. Compute the median of the following set of numbers


4,5,7,10,14,22,25,30.
Ans: 12
Page 4 of 13 Mathematics Enhancers

Solution:
The middle number is 10 and 14
Therefore the median is the average
of 10 and 14 = 12
40. To get an A in a course a students average must be at
least 90(and at most 100). If a particular students grade
so far are 84,88 and 93. What scores must that student
get on the last test to earn an A if all tests court equally?
Ans: 95
Solution:
84 88 93 x
90
4
x 95
+ + +

41. A students has test scores of 75, 83 and 78. The final
tests counts half the total grade. What must be the
minimum (integer) score on the final so that the average
will be 80?
Ans: 82
Solution:
( )
75 83 78
Average
3
Average 78.67
x final score
x 1
78.67 80
2 2
x 81.33 say 82
+ +

42. Which of the following is a prime number?


Ans: 487
Solution:
Factors:
437 19 and 23
483 3 and 161
417 3 and 139
487 1 and 487

Note: A prime number is a positive integer that has


exactly two factors, the number itself and 1.
43. The boat travels downstream in 2/3 the time as it does
going upstream, if the velocity of the river current is 8 kph,
determine the velocity of the boat in the still water.
Ans: 40 kph
Solution:
( )
( ) ( )
D 2 D
V 8 3 V 8
2 V 8 3 V 8
2V 16 3V 24
V 40 kph

+
+
+

44. The velocity of an airplane in still air is 125 kph. The


velocity of the wind due east is 25 kph. If the plane travels
east and returns back to its base again after 4 hours. At
what distance does the plane travel due east?
Ans: 240 km.
Solution:
x x
4
125 25 125 25
x x
4
150 100
x 240 km.
+
+
+

45. Roberto is 25 years younger than his father, However his


father will be twice his age in 10 years. Find the ages of
Roberto and his father.
Ans: 15,40
Solution:
x = age of Robertos father
x 25 = age of Roberto
x + 10= age of Robertos father 10 years from now
( ) ( )
( )
x 10 2 x 25 10
x 10 2x 30
x 40 father
x 25 15 Roberto
+ +
+


46. The sum of the ages of Maria and Anna is 35. When Maria
was two thirds her present age and Anna was 3/4 of her
present age, the sum of their ages was 25. How old is
Maria now?
Ans: 15
Solution:
( )
M A 35
2
M 25
3
8M 9A 300
M A 35
9M 9A 315
8M 9A 300
M 15 age of Maria
3
A
4
+
+
+
+
+
+

47. Ten (10) yrs from now the sum of the ages of A and B is
equal to 50. Six (6) yrs ago, the difference of their ages is
equal to 6. How old is A and B?
Ans: A=18, B=12
Solution:
Past(6 yrs. Ago) Present(10 yrs. Later)
A-6 A A + 10
B-6 B B + 10
( ) ( )
A 10 B 10 50
A B 30
A 6 B 6 6
A B 6
A B 30
2A 36
A 18
B 30 18 12
+ + +
+


+


u
v
48. Two gallons of 20% salt solution is mixed with 4 gallons of
50% salt solution. Determine the percentage of salt
solution in the new mixture.
Ans: 40%
Solution:
20% 50% x%
=
Page 5 of 13 Mathematics Enhancers
4 6 2

( ) ( ) ( ) 2 0.2 4 0.5 6 x
2.4 6x
x 0.40
x 40%
+

49. Two alcohol solution consists of a 40 gallons of 35%


alcohol and other solution containing 50% alcohol. If the
two solutions are combined together, they will have a
mixture of 40% alcohol. How many gallons of solutions
containing 50% alcohol?
Ans: 20
Solution:
35% 50% 40%
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 40 0.35 x 0.50 40 x 0.40
14 0.50x 16 0.40x
0.10x 2
x 20 gallons
+ +
+ +

50. If you owned a sari-sari store in Kuwait, at what price will


you mark a small camera for sale the cost P600 in order
that you may offer 20% discount on the marked price and
still makes a profit of 25 % on the selling price?
Ans: P1000
Solution:
( )
x marked price
x 0.20x 600 0.25 0.80x
0.80x 600 0.20x
0.60x 600
x 1000

+
+

51. A mechanical Engineer bought 24 boxes of screws for


P2200.00. There were three types of screws bought.
Screw A costs P300 per box, screw B costs P150 and
screw C costs P50 per box. How many boxes of screw A
did he buy?
Ans: 2
Solution:
x=no. of boxes of screw A
y=no. of boxes of screw B
z= no. of boxes of screw C
( )
( ) ( ) ( )
x y z 24
300x 150y 50z 2200
6x 3y z 44
x y z 24
5x 2y 20
Try y 5
5x 2 5 20
x 2
2 5 z 24
z 17
Check :
300x 150y 50z 2200
300 2 150 5 17 50 2200
2200 2200
+ +
+ +
+ +
+ +
+

+ +

+ +
+ +

u
v
52. Dalisay Corporations gross margin is 45% of sales.
Operating expenses such as sales and administration are
15% of sales. Dalisay is in 40% tax bracket. What percent
of sales is their profit after taxes?
Ans: 18%
Solution:
Gross margin=45% of sales
Operating expenses = 15% of sales
Net profit = 45-15
Net profit =30% of sales
Tax =40%
Profit = 0.60 of 30% of sales
Profit = 18% of sales
53. What is the sum of the progression 4,9,14,19 up to the
20
th
term?
Ans: 1030
Solution:
( )
( ) ( ) ( )
a 4
d 9 4 5
n 20
n
S 2a n 1 d
2
20
S 2 4 19 5
2
S 1030

1 +
]
1 +
]

54. The are 9 arithmetic mean between 11 and 51. Compute


the sum of the progression.
Ans: 341
Solution:
[ ]
[ ]
1 n
n
S a a
2
11
S 11 51
2
S 341
+
+

55. An arithmetic progression starts with 1, has 9 terms and


the middle term is 21. Determine the sum of the first 9
terms.
Ans: 189
Solution:

1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th
a =1 a+d a+2d a+3d a+4d a+5d a+6d a+7d a+8d
Middle term = a + 4d
( )
( ) ( ) ( )
21 1 4d
d 5
n
S 2a n 1 d
2
9
S 2 1 9 1 5
2
S 189
+

1 +
]
1 +
]

56. If the sum is 220 and the first term is 10, find the common
difference if the last term is 30.
Ans: 2
Solution:
Page 6 of 13 Mathematics Enhancers
x
40
40+x

( )
( )
( )
( )
1 n
n 1
n
S a a
2
n
220 10 30
2
n 11
a a n 1 d
30 10 11 1 d
d 2
+
+

+
+

57. Determine the sum S of the following series


S 2 5 8 11.....with 100 terms + + +
Ans: 15050
Solution:
( )
( ) ( ) ( )
n
S 2a n 1 d
2
100
S 2 2 100 1 3
2
S 15050
1 +
]
1 +
]

58. Find the sum of the first n positive multiples of 4.


Ans: 2n(n+1)
Solution:
( )
( ) ( )
[ ]
( )
1
1
a 4 d 4
n
S 2a n 1 d
2
n
S 2 4 n 1 4
2
n
S 4n 4
2
S 2n n 1

1 +
]
1 +
]
+
+
59. The sum of the three numbers in AP is 33, if the sum of
their squares is 461, find the numbers.
Ans: 4,11,18
Solution:
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
2 2
2
a d 1st no.
a 2nd no.
a d 3rd no.
a d a a d 33
a 11
11 d 11 11 d 461
121 22d d 121 121 22d d 461
2d 98
d 7
11 7 4
11 11
11 7 18
The numbers are 4,11,18

+
+ + +

+ + +
+ + + + +

+
60. Find the value of x if the following forms a harmonic
progression.
1 1 1
, ,
2 x 16

Ans: 7
Solution:
x 2 16 x
2x 14
x 7
+

61. Determine the positive value of x so that x,x


2
-5 and 2x will
be a harmonic progression.
Ans: 3
Solution:
( )
( ) ( )
2 2
2 2
2
1 1 1 1
x 2x
x 5 x 5
2x 2 x 5 x 5 2x
3x 4x 15 0
x 3 3x 5
x 3




+

62. There are 4 geometric mean between 3 and 729, Find the
sum of the G.P.
Ans: 1092
Solution:
( )
( )
( )
n 1
5
5
5
n
6
n 6 a 3
a r 729
a r 729
3r 729
r 243
r 3
a r 1
S
r 1
3 3 1
3 728
S
3 1 2
S 1092

1
]

63. The number x, 2x + 7, 10x 7 form a G.P. Find the value


of x:
Ans: 7
Solution:
( )
( ) ( )
2 2
2
2x 7 10x 7
x 2x 7
2x 7 10x 7x
6x 35x 49 0
x 7 6x 7 0
x 7
+

+
+

+

64. Find the value of x from the given Geometric Progression


1 2 4
, , ...
5 x 45
Ans: 15
Solution:
Page 7 of 13 Mathematics Enhancers

( ) ( )
2
2
2/ x 4/ 45
1/ 5 2/ x
2 4 1
x 45 5
45 5 4
x
4
x 15

_ _


, ,

65. The arithmetic mean of 6 numbers is 17. If two numbers


are added to the progression, the new set of number will
have an arithmetic mean of 19. What are the two numbers
is their difference is 4?
Ans: 23 and 27
Solution:
let x = one number
x + 4 = other number
S
17
6
S 102
S x x 4
19
8
102 2x 4 152
x 23
x 4 27

+ + +

+ +

+
66. If one third of the air in a tank is removed by each stroke
of an air pump, what fractional part of the total air is
removed in 6 strokes?
Ans: 0.9122
Solution:
1
1
n 1
n 1
5
n
n
a amount of remaining air
1 2
a 1
3 3
2
r n 6
3
a a r
2 2
a
3 3
a 0.088(remaining air after 6 strokes)
Air removed after 6 strokes :
1 0.088 0.9122


67. If a stroke of a vacuum pump removed 15% of the air from
the container, how many strokes are required to removed
95%of the air?
Ans: 19
Solution:
( )
( )
( )
( ) ( )
1
2
n 1
n
n
n 1
n
n 1
n 1
a 85% amount of air left after 1st stroke
a 0.85 85 72.25%
amount of air left after 2nd strokes
72.25
r 0.85
85
a a r
a 5% amount of air left after n strokes
a a r
5 85 0.85
0.85 0.05882
n 1 In 0.85 In 0.05882
n 18.43 say 1


9 strokes
68. The sum of a geometric series is as follows:
S 1.01 1.1 1.21 1.331 ....up to the 50th term + + + +
Ans: 1163.91
Solution:
1
n
1
50
1.1 1.21 1.331
a 1 r
1 1.1 1.21
r 1.1
a r 1
S
r 1
1 1.1 1
S
1.1 1
S 1163.91

69. x and y are positive numbers. If x,-3,y forms a G.P and


-3,y,x forms an A>P. Find the value of x.
Ans: 6,-3
Solution:
( ) ( )
2
3 y
x 3
xy 9
For A.P.
y 3 x y
2y 3 x
9
2 3 x
x
x 3x 18 0
x 6 x 3 0
x 6 x 3

+
+
_
+

,

+

70. The sum of a geometric series is as follows:
S 1.0 1.1 1.21 1.331 ...up to the 50th term + + + +
Ans: 1163.91
Solution:
1
50
a 1
1.1 1.21 1.331
r 1.1
1 1.1 1.21
1 1.1 1
S
1.1 1
S 1163.91

71. Find the total distance traveled by the tip of a pendulum if


the distance of the first swing is 6 cm. and the distance of
each succeeding swing is 0.98 of the distance of the
previous swing.
Ans: 300
Solution:
a 6cm
r 0.98
a
S
1 r
6
S
1 0.98
S 300cm

72. Suppose a ball rebounds one half the distance if falls. If it


is dropped from a height of 40 fet, how far does it travel
before coming to stop?
Ans: 120 feet
Solution:
Page 8 of 13 Mathematics Enhancers

( ) ( )
1
1
1
1
a
S
a r
1
a 40
2
a 40
a
S
1 r
40
S
2
80
1
1
2

Total distance the ball has traveled


= 80 + 40 = 120 feet
73. A policeman is pursuing a thief who is ahead by 72 of his
own leaps. The thief takes 6 leaps while the policeman is
taking 5 leaps, but 4 leaps of the thief are as long as 3
leaps of the policeman. How many leaps will each make
before the thief is caught?
Ans: 648 leaps & 540 leaps
Solution:
Let:
x additional leaps of the thief
5
x
6
number of leaps of the policeman
By proportion:
x 72 4
5
3
x
6
x 648 leaps of the thief
5
x 540 leaps of the policeman
6
+

74. Find the angle whose supplement exceeds 5 times its


complement.
Ans: 67.5
o
Solution:
Let:
x angle
180 x supplement
90 x complement



Then,
180 x 5(90 x)
x 67.5


75. Find the angle whose supplement exceeds 6 times its
complement by 20
o
.
Ans: 76
o
Solution:
Let:
x angle
180 x supplement
90 x complement



Then,
(180 x) 6(90 x) 20
x 76


76. How many sides has an equiangular polygon if each of its
interior angles is 165 degrees?
Ans: 24 sides
Let:
n number of sides
number of interior angles

Then,
(n 2)180 165n
n 24

77. Find the largest angle of a triangle if the sum and


difference of two angles are 100 and 20 degrees,
respectively.
Ans: 80 degrees
Solution:
Let:
x one angle
y second angle

Then,
x y 100
x y 20
+
;


Solving the two equations simultaneously, we get:
x 60
y 40

Thus, the largest angle is the third angle:


( ) 180 60 40
80
+

78. The two corresponding sides of two similar polygon is 4:6
If the perimeter of the larger polygon is 48 cm, what is the
perimeter if the smaller polygon?
Ans: 32 cm.
Solution:
( )
4 x
6 48
4 48
x
6
x 32cm.

79. The corresponding sides of two similar polygon is 4:5. If


the area of the smaller polygon is 56 sq. cm., what is the
area of the bigger polygon?
Ans: 87.5 sq.cm.
Solution:
( )
( )
( )
( )
2
2
2
2
4 56
x
5
56 5
x
4
x 87.5 sq.cm.

80. The sides of a pentagon measures 6,5,2,8 and 4 m.


respectively. The shortest side of a similar pentagon is 1
meter, find the perimeter of this pentagon.
Ans: 12.5 m.
Solution:
Perimeter of given pentagon
6 5 2 8 4 + + + +
Perimeter of given pentagon = 25 m.
Ratio of corresponding smaller sides
= ratio of perimeter
1 P
2 25
P 12.5 m.

(perimeter of the smaller pentagon)


81. The corresponding sides of two similar polygons is 2:4.
Determine the ratio of the area to the perimeter of the
biggest polygon if the smallest polygon has a perimeter of
24 cm. and an area of 36 sq. cm.
Ans: 3
Solution:
Page 9 of 13 Mathematics Enhancers

( )
( )
( )
2
2
2 24
4 x
x 48 cm. perimeter of biggest polygon
2 36
A
4
A 144 area of biggest polygon
144
Ratio of area to perimeter
48
Ratio of area to perimeter 3

82. Seven regular hexagons, each with 6 cm. sides are


arranged so that they share the same sides and the
centers of the six hexagons are equidistant from the
seventh central hexagon. Determine the ratio of the total
area of the hexagons to the total outer perimeter enclosing
the hexagons.
Ans: 6.06
Solution:
( ) ( ) ( )
( )
2
2
6 Sin60 6 7
A
2
A 654.72 cm
P 6 18
P 108
A
Ratio
P
654.72
Ratio
108
Ratio 6.06

83. A chord is 36 cm. long and its mid point is 36 cm. from the
midpoint of the longer arc. Find the radius of the circle.
Ans: 22.5
Solution:
( ) ( ) x 36 18 18
x 9
2r 9 36
r 22.5 cm.

84. A circular play area is being laid out in a field. The point
P,R and Q have been found such that PS=24 m., PQ=66
m., and RS=12 m. If T is to be another point on the circle,
how far from R will it lie?
Ans: 96 m.
Solution:
( ) 12x 42 24
x 84
TR 84 12
TR 96 m.

85. Two secants AC and AE have lengths of 80 m. and 100 m.


respectively are drawn from point A outside a circle and
intersects the circle at points C,B, D and E. If the angle
between the two secants is 25
o
, and AB is equal to 40 m.
compute the length of AD.
Ans: 32 m.
Solution:
( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( )
AB AE
AD AC
AB AC AD AE
40 80 AD 100
AD 32 m.

86. An engineer places his transit along the line tangent to the
circle at point A such that PA = 200 m. He locates another
point B on the circle and finds PB = 80 m. If a third point C,
on the circle lies along PB, how far from point B will it be?
Ans: 420 m.
Solution:
200 80
PC 200
PC 500
BC 500 80
BC 420 m.

87. A circle having a center at point O has a radius of 20 m. A


triangle ABC is inscribe in a circle. If the angle BCA = 30
o
and BAC = 50
o
compute the area of the triangle.
Ans: 301.73 m
2

Solution:
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( )
2 2 2
o
2
o o
o
AC 20 20 2 20 20 Cos 160
AC 39.39 cm.
39.39 Sin 30 Sin 50
Area of triangle
2 Sin 100
Area of triangle 301.73 sq.m.
+

88. The central circle has 10 cm. radius. Six equal smaller
circles are to be arranged so that they are externally
tangent to the central circle and each tangent to the
adjacent small circle. What should be the radius in cm. of
each small circle?
Ans: 10
Solution:
2 60 180
2 120
60
10 r 2r
r 10
+


+


89. The distance between the center of the circles which are
mutually tangent to each other externally are 10,12 and 14
units, The area of the largest circle is:
Ans: 64

Solution:
1 3
1 2
2 3
3 2
3 2
3
3
2
1
r r 10
r r 12
r r 14
and
r r 2
r r 14
2r 12
r 6
r 14 6 8
r 10 6 4
+
+
+

+



u
v
w
u v
Area of largest circle = ( )
2
8
Area of largest circle = 64

90. The area of a circular sector is 800 m


2
. If the radius is
equal to 16 m, compute for the length of arc
Ans: 100 m.
Solution:
Page 10 of 13 Mathematics Enhancers
x

( )
( )
2
o
2
2
2
S R
A R
360
R
A
2
R
A
2
16
800
2
6.25
S R 16 6.25
S 100 m.

91. A sector is bent to form a cone. If the angle of a sector is


30 degrees and radius of 6 cm., what is the altitude of the
cone?
Ans: 5.98 cm.
Solution:
( )
( )
2
2
2
S r
6 30
S
180
S
S 2 R
2 R
1
R
2
1
h 6
2
h 5.98 cm.

_


,

92. Find the volume of a cone to be constructed from a sector


having a diameter of 72 cm. and a central angle of 150
o
.
Ans: 7711.82
Solution:
( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
2 2
2
2
2
S R
36 150
S
180
S 94.25
94.25 2 r
r 15
h 36 15
h 32.73
15 32.73 r h
V
3 3
V 7711.83

93. The lateral area of a right circular cone is 40


sq.m.
The
base radius is 4 m. What is the slant height?
Ans: 10
Solution:
( )
S rL
40 40 L
L 10

94. The ratio of the volume to the lateral area of a right circular
cone is 2:1. if the altitude is 15 cm., what is the ratio of the
slant height to the radius.
Ans: 5:2
Solution:
2
2
S rL
r h
V
3
V 2
S 1
V 2S
r h
2S
3
6S
r
rh
S
r
L
6S S
rh L
6L rh
L h
r 6
L 15
r 6
L 5
r 2

Ratio of slant height to radius = 5:2


95. Given a solid right circular cone having a height of 8 cm.
has a volume equal to 4 times the volume of the smaller
cone that could be cut from the same cone having the
same axis. Compute the height of the smaller cone.
Ans: 5.04 cm.
Solution:
( )
( )
1 2
1
2
3
1
3
2
3
3
V 4V
V
4
V
8 V
V
h
8
4
h
h 5.04 cm.

96. A circular cone having an altitude of 9 m. is divided into 2


segments having the same vertex. If the smaller altitude is
6 m., find the ratio of the volume of small cone to the big
cone.
Ans: 0.296
Solution:
( )
( )
3
1
3
2
6 V
0.296
V
9

Page 11 of 13 Mathematics Enhancers

97. The height of a right circular cone is h. If it contains oil
and water at equal depth of h/2, what is the ratio of the
volume of the volume of oil to that of the water.
Ans: 7
Solution:
( )
( )
3
1
3
2
1
2 1
2
2
2
1
2
1
h/ 2 V
V
h
V
V
8
V V V vol. of oil
V
V V
8
7
V V
8
V 7/ 8V
V V / 8
V
7
V

98. A plane is passed parallel to the base of a triangular


pyramid of altitude of 9 m. such that the area of the base
is 9 times the area of the triangle of intersection. How far
from the vertex does the plane intersect the altitude?
Ans: 3 m.
Solution:
( )
( )
2
1
1
2
1
2
2
A h
9A 81
h 3 m.
h A
A
9

99. The volume of a cone having an inclined axis at an angle


of 60
o
with the base is equal to 1884.96 cu.m., find the
length of the axis of the cone, if the radius at the base is
10 m.
Ans: 20.78 m.
Solution:
( )
( )
2
o
o
Ah
V
3
10
1884.96 h
3
h 18m
Length of axis :
h
Sin 60
x
18
x
Sin 60
x 20.78m. axis length

100. The radius of the base of a cone of revolution is 32


inches and its altitude is 54 inches. What is the altitude of
a cylinder of the same volume whose diameter of the base
is 48 inches?
Ans: 32 in.
Solution:
( ) ( )
( )
2
2
Vol. of cone Vol. of Cyl.
32 54
24 h
3
h 32 in.

101.A pyramid has a triangular base whose sides are 10 cm.,


14 cm. and 18 cm. respectively. Compute the volume of
the inscribed cone if it has an altitude of 28 cm.
Ans: 323.19
Solution:
( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( )
( ) ( )
2
A S s a s b s c
10 14 18
S 21
2
S a 11, S b 7, S c 3
A 2 11 7 3
A 69.65 sq.m.
A rS
69.65 r 21
r 3.32 cm.
3.32 28 r h
V
3 3
V 323.19 cu.m.

+ +

102.A solid gold in the form of a frustum of a pyramid has


smaller base area of 20cm
2
and a bigger base area of 60
cm
2
. It has an altitude of 24 cm. If the gold is melted to
form a 9 spherical balls, find the radius of each balls.
Ans: 2.90 cm.
Solution:
( )
( )
( )
3
h
V b B bB
3
24
V 20 60 20 60
3
V 917.13 cu.cm.
4
r 9 917.13
3
r 2.90 cm.
+ +
1
+
]

103.The bases of a right prism is a hexagon with one of each


side equal to 6 cm. If the volume of the right prism is 500
cu. cm., find the distance between the bases.
Ans: 5.35 cm.
Solution:
( )
( )
o
V Ah
6 6 Sin 60
500 6 h
2
h 5.35 cm

Page 12 of 13 Mathematics Enhancers



104.The bases of a right prism is a hexagon with one of each
side equal to 6 cm. The bases are 12 cm. apart. What is
the volume of the right pris.
Ans: 1122.4 cu. cm.
Solution:
( ) ( )
( )
V Base x height
360
60
6
1
Base 6 6 Sin 60 60
2
Base 93.53
V 93.53 12
V 1122.4 cu. cm.

1
]

Page 13 of 13 Mathematics Enhancers