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Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology Volume 34, Issue 2, 2012

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Investigating the presence of mealybug species as vectors for viruses in grape-growing areas in Turkey
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DOI: 10.1080/07060661.2012.670138 Nihal Buzkana*, Serpil Karadagb, Abdulmurat Kayac,Saadettin Baloglud, Angelantonio Minafrae & Yair Ben-Dovf pages 298-305

Publishing models and article dates explained Accepted: 23 Feb 2012 Accepted author version posted online: 16 Mar 2012 Published online: 21 Jun 2012 Article Views: 55

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Abstract Vineyards in Turkey were surveyed from JulyAugust of 20062007 for the presence of mealybug infestation and the viral agents of leafroll and rugose wood diseases, namely vitiviruses and ampeloviruses, respectively. Plant and insect samples in the main grape-growing regions were collected and processed for nucleic acid isolation. The reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to detect the insect-transmitted Grapevine virus A (GVA) and B (GVB) (Vitivirus) and Grapevine leafroll-associated virus-1 (GLRaV-1) and 3 (GLRaV-3) (Ampelovirus). All viruses except GVB were detected in the samples. Planococcus ficus (Signoret) is the only mealybug species found to be widespread in the sampled areas. This is the first epidemiological study of these viruses and their potential vector in Turkey. Rsum En Turquie, durant les mois de juillet et aot 2006 et 2007, les vignobles ont t inspects pour y dceler des infestations de cochenille ainsi que la prsence des agents viraux de l'enroulement de la vigne et de la cannelure du tronc, notamment des vitivirus et des ampelovirus, respectivement. Des chantillons de plants et d'insectes provenant des principales rgions viticoles ont t traits pour isolement des acides nucliques. La RT-PCR a t utilise pour dtecter les virus A (GVA) et B (GVB) de la vigne (vitivirus) ainsi que les virus associs de types 1 (GLRaV-1) et 3 (GLRaV-3) de l'enroulement de la vigne (ampelovirus). Tous les virus, sauf GVB, ont t dtects dans les chantillons. Planococcus ficus (Signoret) est la seule espce de cochenille trouve la grandeur des rgions chantillonnes. Cette tude pidmiologique de ces virus et de leur vecteur potentiel est la premire mene en Turquie.

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Keywords

ampelovirus, epidemiology, mealybug, vector, virus transmission, vitivirus Mots cls ampelovirus, cochenille, pidmiologie, transmission des virus, vecteur, vitivirus Related Share on facebookShare on twitterShare on emailMore Sharing Services Add to shortlist Link Download Citation Recommend to: A friend

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Accepted: 23 Feb 2012 Accepted author version posted online: 16 Mar 2012 Published online: 21 Jun 2012

Author affiliations

a

Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Kahramanmara St mam, 46100,

Kahramanmara, Turkey
b

Pistachio Research Institute, Gaziantep, Turkey Southeast Anatolia Agricultural Research Institute, Diyarbakr, Turkey Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, University of ukurova, 01330, Adana,Turkey Istituto di Virologia Vegetale del CNR, BARI, Italy Department of Entomology, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan,Israel