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FFS Saab 340 POH version 1.

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THIS MANUAL IS ONLY FOR USE WITH MICROSOFT FLIGHT SIMULATOR ONLY. THIS DOCUMENTATION IS NOT DESIGNED FOR REAL WORD USE!

Flight Factory-Simulations website can be found at: http://www.flightfactory-simulations.com Copyright 2006 Flight Factory-Simulations LLC This manual and all of its contents, pages, text and graphics are protected under copyright laws of the United States of America and international treaties. Duplication of this manual is prohibited. Microsoft, the Microsoft Logo and Microsoft Flight Simulator are registered trademarks of the Microsoft Corporation.

FFS Saab 340 POH version 1.0

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Introduction Introduction
Flight Factory-Simulations is pleased that you have chosen to purchase our software. We have put in a lot of time and effort into this Saab 340 project. Countless hours of modeling, creating graphics, and hours of gauge programming have allowed us to bring you this well sought after product. We would like to take this moment to say thank you for your support. We hope you enjoy the product, and look forward to creating more addon aircraft for you in the coming years. Kathryn Payne -PresidentRegistering Your Saab 340 Product In order for the Saab gauges to display and function, you will need to register your software package using the LCM tool. To register your gauges, open the LCM (shortcut located on your desktop). Click on the Gauge Settings tab (shown in the image below).

The Gauge Settings Tab

When you click the tab, you will get a screen like the one shown in the image above. To register the gauges, you will need information from your FFS account. You will find the product registration information above your download link for the Saab 340 package and or in the email that you received from Flight Factory-Simulations when you made your purchase. You will want to enter the Buyers Name in the first field marked Buyers Name. Next, enter the Buyers Email address. Finally, enter the Registration Code. Your registration code will not use the letter O. If you see a 0, this is a zero. If you would like to copy and paste any of the information from the web, make sure after you paste the data that there are no leading or trailing spaces in each of the fields. If spaces are left in the field, this would cause registration failures to occur. When you have entered the information, click on the Register button. This will make the attempt to register your product. ** NO CONNECTION TO THE INTERNET IS REQUIRED. ** If the registration is successful, you will get a dialog telling you thank you for registering. If the registration fails, you will see a dialog telling you that registration failed. If you have successfully registered, your registration area will look like this:

FFS Saab 340 POH version 1.0

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Introduction

If you need any support with registering your Saab 340 Package, please do one of the following: - Create a Support Ticket via the FFS web site. - Visit our support forum at: http://forums.avsim.net/dcboard.php?az=show_topics&forum=246 Or at our general questions forum at: http://www.flightfactory-simulations.com/discussion.

Revision History On occasion we may issue free updates to the aircraft and / or operating handbook and we encourage all customers to download these updates. This handbook will be continually updated to cover additional areas and add in-depth information to existing aircraft systems. You can download the latest version of the handbook and any updates by visiting the Flight Factory-Simulations website at http://www.flightfactory-simulations.com/

REVISION NUMBER 1.0

DESCRIPTION Original version

DATE Sept 2006

FFS Saab 340 POH version 1.0

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Table Of Contents Table of Contents


Introduction....................................................................................................................... 3 Revision History ................................................................................................................ 4 Table of Contents .............................................................................................................. 5 Overview ............................................................................................................................ 9 Development Team ......................................................................................................... 10 Beta Team & Test Pilots................................................................................................. 11 The Aircraft..................................................................................................................... 12 Conventions ..................................................................................................................... 26 Instrument Diagrams..................................................................................................... 29 Instrument Panel Reference........................................................................................... 32 Available Panels and Keyboard Shortcuts.................................................................... 32 Available Views and the Panel Switching Icons .......................................................... 32 Pilot In Command IFR View ........................................................................................ 34 Pilot In Command VFR view ....................................................................................... 35 First Officers IFR View ................................................................................................ 36 First Officers VFR View............................................................................................... 37 Pilot In Command IFR View Hotspots......................................................................... 38 Pilot In Command VFR Hotspots ................................................................................. 39 First Officers IFR View Hotspots ................................................................................. 40 First Officers VFR View Hotspots ............................................................................... 41 Forward Overhead Panel............................................................................................... 42 Rear Overhead Panel..................................................................................................... 43 Forward Center Pedestal ............................................................................................... 44 Rear Center Pedestal ..................................................................................................... 45 Radio Stack Panel ......................................................................................................... 46 Basic Flight Instruments ................................................................................................ 47 Pilot In Command Airspeed Indicator .......................................................................... 50 First Officers Airspeed Indicator .................................................................................. 51 Pilot In Command Altimeter......................................................................................... 52 First Officers Altimeter................................................................................................. 53 Standby Indicated Airspeed Indicator........................................................................... 54 Standby Altimeter ......................................................................................................... 54 Standby Attitude Director Indicator.............................................................................. 55 Engines and Engine Instruments................................................................................... 56 Torque Indicator............................................................................................................ 56 Interstage Turbine Temperature (ITT) Indicator .......................................................... 56 Engine RPM Indicator .................................................................................................. 57 Engine Oil Pressure and Temperature Indicator........................................................... 57 Propeller RPM Indicator ............................................................................................... 58 Propeller Gearbox Oil Pressure and Temperature Indicator......................................... 58 CTOT Control Panel ..................................................................................................... 59

FFS Saab 340 POH version 1.0

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Table Of Contents
Propeller Control Panel................................................................................................. 60 Engine Start Panel......................................................................................................... 61 Throttle Quadrant.......................................................................................................... 62 Engine Start Procedures................................................................................................ 63 Fuel System and Instruments ........................................................................................ 64 Fuel Flow Indicator....................................................................................................... 65 Fuel Quantity Indicator ................................................................................................. 65 Battery and Fuel Temperature Panel............................................................................. 66 Fuel Used Indicator....................................................................................................... 67 Fuel Control Panel ........................................................................................................ 68 Communication Equipment........................................................................................... 70 COM Control Unit ........................................................................................................ 70 ATC Transponder Control Unit .................................................................................... 71 Audio Control Panel ..................................................................................................... 72 Autopilot System ............................................................................................................. 73 Autopilot Control Panel ................................................................................................ 76 Autopilot Mode Select Panel ........................................................................................ 77 Navigation Source Selectors ......................................................................................... 77 Altitude Preselector Alerter .......................................................................................... 78 EADI Autopilot Displays.............................................................................................. 80 Miscellaneous Instruments and Controls ..................................................................... 81 Landing Gear Control Panel ......................................................................................... 81 Flap Position Indicator.................................................................................................. 82 Trim Indicator ............................................................................................................... 82 Trim Switches ............................................................................................................... 83 Chronometer ................................................................................................................. 84 Ground Status Panel...................................................................................................... 85 Navigation Instruments .................................................................................................. 86 ADF............................................................................................................................... 86 ADF Control Unit ......................................................................................................... 86 VOR/ILS ....................................................................................................................... 88 NAV Control Unit......................................................................................................... 88 Radio Magnetic Indicator ............................................................................................. 90 VOR/ILS Indicator........................................................................................................ 91 EFIS Navigation Displays............................................................................................. 92 Collins EFIS-86 ............................................................................................................... 94 EFIS Controls and Indications ...................................................................................... 95 Drive Transfer Light ..................................................................................................... 95 Navigation Source Selectors ......................................................................................... 95 Course Heading Panel................................................................................................... 96 EFIS Switches............................................................................................................... 97 Display Control Panel ................................................................................................... 98 EADI Normal Display ................................................................................................ 100 EHSI / EADI Composite Mode .................................................................................. 102

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Table Of Contents
EHSI Normal Display Rose Mode........................................................................... 103 EHSI Rose Display with Second Course .................................................................... 106 EHSI Sector Display ................................................................................................... 107 EHSI Sector Display with Second Course.................................................................. 108 EHSI Map Mode Display............................................................................................ 109 EHSI Map Mode Display with Second Course .......................................................... 111 EADI Display with Map Mode Selected .................................................................... 111 EHSI Map Mode Display with GPS Selected............................................................. 112 Multifunction Display................................................................................................. 114 MFD NAV Mode Display .......................................................................................... 116 MFD NAVAID Select Menu ...................................................................................... 116 MFD NAV Mode Display with Second Course (VOR 1 and VOR 2)....................... 117 MFD NAV Mode Display with LRN (GPS) .............................................................. 117 MFD PAGE Mode ...................................................................................................... 118 TCAS.............................................................................................................................. 120 TCAS Control Unit ..................................................................................................... 120 Collins TA/RA/VSI indicator ..................................................................................... 121 TCAS Showing Other Traffic..................................................................................... 122 TCAS Showing Proximate Traffic.............................................................................. 122 TCAS Showing Intruder Aircraft................................................................................ 123 TCAS Showing Threat Aircraft .................................................................................. 124 Electrical System........................................................................................................... 125 Sources of Power ........................................................................................................ 125 AC/DC Panel .............................................................................................................. 127 DC Panel 1 .................................................................................................................. 128 DC Panel 2 .................................................................................................................. 129 Lighting System............................................................................................................. 131 Center Internal Light Panel......................................................................................... 132 Left Internal Light Panel............................................................................................. 132 Cabin Signs Panel ....................................................................................................... 133 Exterior Light Panel.................................................................................................... 134 Hydraulic System .......................................................................................................... 135 Hydraulic Control Panel ............................................................................................. 136 Air Conditioning and Pressurization System ............................................................. 137 Air Conditioning Panel ............................................................................................... 138 Air Conditioning Panel (Pneumatics) ......................................................................... 140 Cabin Pressure Control and Indication Panel ............................................................. 142 Emergency Equipment ................................................................................................. 144 Cargo Fire Extinguisher Panel .................................................................................... 144 L/R Engine Fire Extinguisher Panel ........................................................................... 145 Emergency Panel ........................................................................................................ 146 Ice and Rain Protection ................................................................................................ 147 Ice Protection Panel .................................................................................................... 148 Engine Anti-Ice Panel ................................................................................................. 150

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Table Of Contents
Stabilizer and Wing Anti-Ice Panel ............................................................................ 151 Warning Systems .......................................................................................................... 153 Warning Annunciator System..................................................................................... 153 Master Warning .......................................................................................................... 153 Master Caution............................................................................................................ 153 Central Warning Panel................................................................................................ 154 Takeoff Inhibit ............................................................................................................ 154 Ground Operation ....................................................................................................... 155 Flight Status Panel ...................................................................................................... 157 Central Warning Panel Annunciators ......................................................................... 158 Ground Proximity Warning System............................................................................ 161 GPWS Buttonlights..................................................................................................... 161 GPWS Mode 1 Excessive Barometric Sink Rate .................................................... 162 GPWS Mode 2 Excessive Terrain Closure Rate...................................................... 163 GPWS Mode 3 Loss of Altitude After Takeoff ....................................................... 164 GPWS Mode 4A Inadvertent Proximity to Terrain Gear Up ............................... 165 GPWS Mode 4A Inadvertent Proximity to Terrain Gear Down........................... 166 GPWS Mode 5 Descent Below Glideslope ............................................................. 167 Normal Operating Procedures..................................................................................... 168 Pre-start ....................................................................................................................... 168 Ready To Start Engines .............................................................................................. 172 After Engine Start ....................................................................................................... 174 Taxi ............................................................................................................................. 175 Line Up ....................................................................................................................... 177 Climb........................................................................................................................... 178 Descent........................................................................................................................ 180 Approach..................................................................................................................... 181 Go Around .................................................................................................................. 182 After Landing.............................................................................................................. 183 Engine Shut Down ...................................................................................................... 184 Parking ........................................................................................................................ 185 Ground stop................................................................................................................. 186 Appendix........................................................................................................................ 187 Electrical Buses........................................................................................................... 187 Abbreviations Used..................................................................................................... 189 Speedbooks and Power Settings ................................................................................. 190

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Overview Overview
The Saab 340 proved to be a highly popular regional airliner that helped to pioneer the 30 seat turboprop class but slow sales in the late 1990s has forced Saab to cease production. In 1979 Saab Scania of Sweden and Fairchild in the USA reached an agreement to conduct joint feasibility and development studies on a 30 to 40 seat commuter aircraft. The resulting SF340 design was launched in September 1980 with the aim of capturing 25 to 30 percent of its market. Within the 65/35 Saab Fairchild partnership split Saab was responsible for the fuselage, fin and final assembly, while Fairchild was responsible for the wings, engine nacelles and empennage. The two companies selected the General Electric CT7, which is a commercial development of the T700 which powers Sikorsky's S70 series of military helicopters, to power the regional commuter. The first of three SF340 prototypes first flew on January 25 1983, while the first production aircraft flew in early March 1984. U.S. and European certification was awarded that June. From November 1 1985 Saab assumed overall responsibility for the SF340 following Fairchild's decision to divest itself of its aircraft divisions. Saab initially retained the SF340 designation but later changed it to 340A. The first improved development of the Saab 340 was the 340B. More powerful engines improved hot and high performance, while other changes included a greater span tail plane, a higher max takeoff weight and better range. Deliveries began in September 1989. The last development of the 340 was the 340B Plus (340B Plus was not designed for this package), which introduced changes developed for the larger Saab 2000, including an improved cabin interior. The first 340B Plus was delivered in March 1994. Lack of sales and profitability however forced Saab to cease 340 and 2000 production, with the lines winding up in 1998.

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General FFS Development Team


Kathryn Payne Mark Gippy Gipson President Flight Factory-Simulations, LLC Gauge and Systems Programming Documentation 3D Panel Designer & Renderings 3D Aircraft Modeling Gauge Bit-mapping Saab 340 Sounds - GPWS Documentation Vector Graphics Graphic Artist Texture Art Night Lighting Effects Flight Dynamics Engineer Saab LCM Designer Applications Engineer Documentation Graphic Artist 3D Aircraft Modeler Documentation Applications Engineer & Layout

Bryan Kobie Payne-Kobal

Bob Olgit Jones

Nick Peterson Dmitry Polyankovsky

Steve Abrahart

Greggory Payne Project Manager

Private Contractor Development Team


Lee Hetherington Aaron Swindle Sky Song Sound Works Applications Engineer TCAS Saab 340 Sounds

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General Beta Team & Test Pilots


Flight Factory-Simulations was lucky to get such an incredible beta team for this project. Without the participants during the long beta period, we could not have brought this excellent aircraft package to you. It is often that the beta team never gets credit for the work involved during development. As most beta testers know, the time period can be long. With the amount of time that we ask our beta team members to set aside in helping us debug the product, a lot of them have given up other things to help us. The design staff at FFS would like to thank every single beta tester, new and old. Your hard work and input has helped make one of FS9s best add-on aircraft. All of cannot thank you enough! We are in debt to all of you. So, without further a due, thank you!

Beta Team Members


Richard Benke Bona Senior Beta Team Member Adam Szoldatits Alejandro Irausquin Allen Sindel Basten Heidema Bjorn Harlin Senior Beta Team Member Carl Hillegeist Clayton Barnes Daniel Debono Don Hogue Don Hudspeth Fred Clausen Freddy Wilhelmsen Gerard Cuomo James Driscoll Johan Engvall Kjell Mathisen Marek Paul Matthew Markillie Michael Andre Tim Westnutt F/O for Colgan Air (U.S. Airways Express) Mechanic at Hyannis, MA, Saab Maintenance Manuals F/O for Golden Air with 650 hrs on Saab A and B Ground instructor on Dash 8s and Saab 340s for SAS Flight Academy Avid FS Simmer Fomer Saab 340 Pilot 8,000+ hours Swedish Air Force Captain Saab 340B Pilot Chicago Express

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General The Aircraft


The FFS Saab 340 Package consists of five different versions. Below is a list of the five versions.

The FFS Saab 340 package includes the following variants: Saab 340A Saab 340A Cargo Saab 340B Saab 340B Argus with Radome Saab 340B Argus without Radome

For variety, FFS has designed over forty different paint schemes for simmers. Below is a list of some of the liveries available for this add-on.

FFS Saab 340 POH version 1.0

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General
AIRCRAFT SPECIFICATIONS
Sources: http://www.saabaircraft.com

Saab 340A Specifications Three View Drawing


a b c d 22 ft 11 in 64 ft 9 in 70 ft 4 in 30 ft 4 in

Maximum take-off weight* Maximum landing weight Maximum zero fuel weight Operational empty weight Maximum payload Maximum fuel capacity Maximum cruise speed Maximum operating altitude Typical fuel flow for first block hour

28500 lb 27200 lb 25700 lb 18800 lb 6900 lb 5690 lb 271 kt. 25000 ft 950 lb

12925 kg 12340 kg 11660 kg 8530 kg 3130 kg 2580 kg 7620 m 430 kg

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General
Saab 340B Specifications Three View Drawing
a b c d 22 ft 11 in 64 ft 9 in 70 ft 4 in 30 ft 4 in

Maximum take-off weight* Maximum landing weight Maximum zero fuel weight Operational empty weight Maximum payload Maximum fuel capacity Maximum cruise speed Maximum operating altitude Typical fuel flow for first block hour

29000 lb 28500 lb 26500 lb 19000 lb 7500 lb 5690 lb 283 kt. 25000 ft 1050 lb

13155 kg 12930 kg 12020 kg 8620 kg 3400 kg 2580 kg 7620 m 460 kg

FFS Saab 340 POH version 1.0

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General
Saab 340 Cargo Specifications Three View Drawing
a b c d 22 ft 11 in 64 ft 9 in 70 ft 4 in 30 ft 4 in

Saab 340 Cargo - Exploded View

FFS Saab 340 POH version 1.0

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General
Saab 340 Cargo Specifications
Max Cargo Volume 340A Aircraft Specifications Max Cargo Payload Total Cargo Cabin Length Door Dimensions: Cross Section Height Fwd Entry Door (h x w) Aft Cargo Door (h x w) Max Pressure Differential Cargo Hold Classification Max Single Item Size (h x w) Maximum take-off weight* Maximum landing weight Maximum zero fuel weight Operational empty weight Maximum payload Maximum fuel capacity Maximum cruise speed Maximum operating altitude Typical fuel flow for first block hour 1,270 cu ft Values 8,500 lbs 43 feet 69 inch 63.7 in x 26.8 in 51 in x 53 in 7.0 psi Full Class E Certifi 51 in x 63 in 28500 lb 27200 lb 25700 lb 18800 lb 6900 lb 5690 lb 271 kt. 25000 ft 950 lb 35.8 m3 3,850 kg 13.0 m 1.75 m 1.62 m x 0.6 m 1.30 m x 1.35 m 49.2 kPa cation 1.30 m x 1.62 m 12925 kg 12340 kg 11660 kg 8530 kg 3130 kg 2580 kg 7620 m 430 kg

FFS Saab 340 POH version 1.0

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General
IMPORTANT PLEASE READ THIS SECTION. This Saab 340 Package was designed with some of the latest gauge programming techniques. It is important that you pay close attention to this section as it has important instructions on how to load your Saab aircraft in Microsoft Flight Simulator. Start up your FS9 application. Create a flight and select the Saab 340 aircraft type of your choice. The important thing to remember here is DO NOT START WITH YOUR FFS SAAB AIRCRAFT IN SPOT VIEW AS THIS WILL CAUSE ANOMILIES THAT OUR GAUGES CANNOT HANDLE. We apologize for this anomaly. However, we have used gauge logic that FS cannot read. Therefore, if you start the Saab aircraft in the spot view, you may notice problems with lighting and other things. When we are able to figure out why FS9 has this problem, we will create a patch so that users will be able to start the Saab in any window state he or she chooses.

FFS Saab 340 POH version 1.0

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General
Saab 340A Liveries
FFS House Colors Lagun Air Nordic Regional Pacific Coastal Airways

FFS Saab 340 POH version 1.0

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General
Air New Zealand Air Aland Danish Air Transport Direct Fly

FFS Saab 340 POH version 1.0

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General
Provincial Airlines Sky Bahamas Skyways Stockholmsplanet.com

FFS Saab 340 POH version 1.0

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General
Swedline United Express US Airways Express New Colors

FFS Saab 340 POH version 1.0

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General
Saab 340A Cargo Liveries
Adria Cargo Castle Aviation FFS House Colors

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General
Swedish Air Force Saab 340 Argus and 340B Liveries
Swedish Air Force Swedish Air Force Argus

FFS Saab 340 POH version 1.0

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General
Saab340B Liveries
Aerolitoral Amber Air American Eagle British Airways (Logan Air)

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General
Calm Air Carpatair Chicago Express Colgan Air

FFS Saab 340 POH version 1.0

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General
Continental Connection Dauair FFS House Colors Golden Air

FFS Saab 340 POH version 1.0

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General
Japan Air Commuter Mac Air Northwest Airlink New Colors Northwest Airlink Old Colors

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General
Pen Air Regional Express (REX) US Airways Express Old Colors Saab House Colors

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Conventions Conventions
The conventions used in this manual are used to help educate you on how to use our Saab 340 Aircraft. Below is an explanation for each of the conventions used in this manual. We have used images with arrow head lines from red boxes going to important parts of each gauge. Each arrow head line is marked in red and is connected to a red box which contains an object associated with the respective gauge. We have also used circles, white in color. Inside each white circle is a number. Each number will be associated respectively to a definition for that number, which represents a gauge. Each number is defined in a table just below each image. Bold fonts will represent new subjects and or sections in this manual.

Instrument Diagrams
The explanations of instruments and panel sections use two different ways of explaining the function of the instrument. This will be explained below using part of the clock description as a simple example.

Elapsed Time Hands

Adjustment Knob

Adjustment Knob The text in here would explain the function of the adjustment knob. The boxed area on the instrument shows where the mouse can be clicked to perform an adjustment, move a switch or press a button. The description would also state if different actions are performed by left or right clicking with the mouse. Elapsed Time Hands This would describe an non-interactive part of the instrument such as a light or indicator.

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Conventions
Left or Right (L/R) Some instrument panels have identical lights or switches for left and right sides of the aircraft or left and right electrical buses. In this case only one side is described and the other side will work in the same way.

Guarded Switches Some switches on the Saab panels are equipped with a guard to stop accidental use. An example is the propeller pump switch shown in the image below.

Propeller Pump Switch

To operate this switch you use a combination of left and right mouse clicks. To open or close the guard the right mouse button is used. Once the guard is open the switch can be operated up or down using the left mouse button. Information Boxes Some instruments use a different convention to explain what will happen when you press a switch. These are shown using blue boxes, rather than giving the name of the switch or button they simply state what pressing the switch will do. An example is shown below using the MFD.

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Conventions
Course Presentation Enter NAVAID select menu

Adjust range displayed

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2D Instrument Panel Views Instrument Panel Reference


In total we have provided 17 sub-panels and pop-ups. They can be accessed using a combination of keyboard shortcuts, the panel view shortcut icons, by clicking the mouse on a gauge or through the Views menu in Flight Simulator. The following sections of this handbook will explain the operation of all the panels and instruments in details. We suggest that you take the time to familiarize yourself with all the panels and instruments before taking your first flight.

Available Panels and Keyboard Shortcuts


1. Radio stack Shift + 2 2. Center panel Shift + 3 3. Forward overhead Shift + 4 4. Rear overhead Shift + 5 5. Forward center pedestal Shift + 6 6. Rear center pedestal Shift + 7 7. EFIS control panels (CPT) pop-up Shift + 8 8. Autopilot mode select panel Shift + 9 9. Electronic attitude director indicator (CPT) pop-up (no shortcut) 10. Electronic horizontal situation indicator (CPT) pop-up (no shortcut) 11. Electronic attitude director indicator (FO) pop-up (no shortcut) 12. Electronic horizontal situation indicator (FO) pop-up (no shortcut) 13. Multifunction display pop-up (no shortcut) 14. TCAS pop-up (no shortcut) 15. GPS (no shortcut) 16. EFIS control panels (FO) pop-up (no shortcut) 17. Audio control panel (no shortcut)

Available Views and the Panel Switching Icons


We have provided a total of 4 different views that are suitable for flying the Saab 340. These include a first officers view complete with a full set of independent instruments enabling you to fly as either pilot in command (CPT) or first officer (FO). The pilot in command and first officers views include a choice of an instrument flight rules (IFR) panel or a visual flight rules (VFR) panel.

To switch between pilot in command, first officer, IFR or VFR views the panel view shortcut icons are used. This is a strip of icons found on all the main panels. These icons

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2D Instrument Panel Views


are used to switch between the main views or also to display the overhead panels, radio stack and other panel sections.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Switch to pilot in command VFR view Switch to pilot in command IFR view Toggle forward overhead Toggle rear overhead Toggle radio stack

6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

Toggle center instrument panel Switch to first officers VFR view Switch to first officer IFR view Toggle forward center pedestal Toggle rear center pedestal

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2D Instrument Panel Views


Pilot In Command IFR View

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16.

GPWS terrain warning and test button light Below G/S caution and inhibit button light Push 1 / push 2 indicator light Pilot in command indicated airspeed indicator Chronometer Radio magnetic indicator Standby VOR/ILS indicator Master warning button light Collins EFIS-86 electronic attitude director indicator Inclinometer Collins EFIS-86 electronic horizontal situation indicator Panel view shortcut icons Master caution button light Collins EFIS-86 drive transfer light Pilot in command altimeter Collins TA/RA/VSI indicator

17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31.

Autopilot mode select panel Collins EFIS-86 display control panel Standby attitude director indicator Standby indicated airspeed indicator Collins EFIS-86 multifunction display Navigation radio 1 Flight status panel Standby altimeter Autopilot altitude preselector / alerter Navigation source selection left Navigation source selection right Left & right engine torque % Left & right engine ITT C Left & right engine RPM % Left & right engine oil temperature and pressure 32. Left & right fuel flow PPH x 100

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2D Instrument Panel Views


Pilot In Command VFR view

1. 2. 3. 4.

GPWS terrain warning and test button light Below G/S caution and inhibit button light Push 1 / push 2 indicator light Pilot in command indicated airspeed indicator 5. Panel view shortcut icons 6. Master warning button light 7. Collins EFIS-86 electronic attitude director indicator 8. Inclinometer 9. Master caution button light 10. Collins EFIS-86 drive transfer light

11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20.

Pilot in command altimeter Autopilot mode select panel Collins EFIS-86 display control panel Collins EFIS-86 electronic horizontal situation indicator Navigation radio 1 Autopilot altitude preselector / alerter Navigation source selection left Navigation source selection right Left & right engine torque % Left & right engine ITT C

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2D Instrument Panel Views


First Officers IFR View

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19.

Autopilot altitude preselector / alerter Navigation source selection left Navigation source selection right Right engine torque % Right engine ITT C Right engine RPM % Right engine oil temperature and pressure Right fuel flow PPH x 100 Navigation radio 2 Central warning panel Left & right engine prop RPM x 100 Left & right propeller gearbox oil temperature and pressure Left & right fuel tank levels LBS x 100 Autopilot mode select panel Collins EFIS-86 display control panel Landing gear control panel Flap position indicator Takeoff inhibit button light Ground operation button light

20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36.

Trim indicator Master caution button light Push 1 / push 2 indicator light First Officers indicated airspeed indicator Radio magnetic indicator Total fuel used indicator Master warning button light Collins EFIS-86 electronic attitude director indicator Inclinometer Collins EFIS-86 electronic horizontal situation indicator Panel view shortcut icons Collins EFIS-86 drive transfer light First officers altimeter Collins TA/RA/VSI indicator Below G/S caution and inhibit button light GPWS terrain warning and test button light Chronometer

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2D Instrument Panel Views


First Officers VFR View

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Autopilot altitude preselector / alerter Navigation source selection left Navigation source selection right Left & right engine torque % Left & right engine ITT C Navigation radio 2 Autopilot mode select panel Collins EFIS-86 display control panel Collins EFIS-86 electronic horizontal situation indicator

10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18.

Master caution button light Push 1 / push 2 indicator light First Officers indicated airspeed indicator Master warning button light Collins EFIS-86 electronic attitude director indicator Inclinometer Collins EFIS-86 drive transfer light First officers altimeter Panel view shortcut icons

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2D Instrument Panel Views


Pilot In Command IFR View Hotspots

1. 2.

Toggle pilot in command EADI pop-up Toggle pilot in command EHSI pop-up

3. 4.

Toggle TCAS pop-up Toggle MFD pop-up

Clicking the mouse on one of the hotspots will bring up the respective pop-up. The popup window can be resized or undocked from the panel and moved to a different monitor. While the pop-up is active the respective instrument on the main panel will become inactive, this is to improve performance while a pop-up window is active.

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2D Instrument Panel Views


Pilot In Command VFR Hotspots

1.

Toggle pilot in command EADI pop-up

2.

Toggle pilot in command EHSI pop-up

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2D Instrument Panel Views


First Officers IFR View Hotspots

1. 2.

Toggle first officers EADI pop-up Toggle first officers EHSI pop-up

3.

Toggle TCAS pop-up

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2D Instrument Panel Views


First Officers VFR View Hotspots

1.

Toggle first officers EHSI pop-up

2.

Toggle first officers EADI pop-up

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Overhead Panels
Forward Overhead Panel

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

Engine anti-ice panel Stabilizer & wing anti-ice panel Left interior light panel Pilot in command windshield wiper panel Pilot in command EFIS switches Temperature panel Propeller control panel Engine start panel Center internal light panel Exterior light panel

11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20.

AC/DC electrical panel DC electrical panel DC electrical panel Cabin signs panel Panel view shortcut icons Air conditioning panel (pneumatics) Emergency panel Status panel First officers windshield wiper panel First officers EFIS switches

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Overhead Panels
Rear Overhead Panel

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Panel view shortcut icons Cargo fire extinguisher panel Ice protection panel Test 3 panel (not active) Fuel panel Left engine fire extinguisher panel

7. 8. 9. 10. 11.

Test 2 panel (not active) Test 1 panel (not active) Right engine fire extinguisher panel Observers jack panel Air-conditioning panel

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Forward Center Pedestal


Forward Center Pedestal

1. 2.

Hydraulic control panel Cabin pressure control and indication panel

3.

Throttle quadrant

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Rear Center Pedestal


Rear Center Pedestal

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Collins EFIS-86 course heading panel Weather radar control panel (not active) Autopilot control panel Trim switches ADF 1 control unit ADF 2 control unit

7. 8. 9. 10. 11.

CTOT control panel TCAS control unit ATC control unit VHF COM 1 control unit VHF COM 2 control unit

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Radio Stack Panel


Radio Stack Panel

1. 2. 3. 4.

VHF COM 1 control unit NAV 1 control unit TCAS control unit ADF 1 control unit

5. 6. 7. 8.

VHF COM 2 control unit NAV 2 control unit ATC control unit ADF 2 control unit

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Basic Flight Instruments Basic Flight Instruments


Have you ever wondered what you would do if you were ever to fly into bad weather or lost your horizon reference? How could you control your plane without that visible horizon? As you already know the safest thing would be to never let this happen. But what would you do if you found yourself in such a situation? The key here is the introduction of the concept and training in reading and interpreting the basic instruments. With this knowledge, some practice and a cool head, pilots of will become much better and safer. This may be a good a time to point out that your basic flight instruments will not allow an untrained pilot to safely control an aircraft in flight for long. Actual flight statistics have shown that a pilot untrained in may have only about two and a half minutes to live after proceeding into conditions requiring instrument flight capability. The basic instruments found on most panels today include the following: Airspeed Altimeter Slip/Skid Indicator Compass Engine RPM These are considered the principle "Basic Flight Instruments". Each of these instruments tells something about the others. Most pilots have been taught that flying in marginal VFR/IFR conditions requires an artificial horizon instrument. This is true, but all may not be lost without one. Consider the following facts: An airplane will fly straight and level at a given power setting and speed. A proper turn is initiated by banking the wings. A properly rigged, balanced and trimmed airplane tends to continue, at least for a time, flying the maneuver it is in until some outside force changes its course or behavior. Let's assume you have an artificial horizon that isnt working. Now think about the above facts for a moment. What basic instrumentation does a pilot have on his panel to reinforce what he sees out the windshield? For wings level and turns there is the slip/skid indicator and the compass rose.

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Basic Flight Instruments


For flying at a constant altitude there is the altimeter and the vertical speed indicator. Well, maybe the airspeed indicator and what about the engine RPM? Up until now we've been thinking in terms of reinforcing what a pilot sees outside the cockpit. Now lets think in terms of not being able to see outside the cockpit. Considering the above three observations or flight facts, a turn without a visual horizon can have serious ramifications. When the airplane is in an unplanned turn, its wing must also be banked (that is not level). Without the horizon this can lead to a more serious attitude. A pilot must learn to understand the airplane is in a turn by noting what these instruments are showing. Try to visualize what is happening when the compass is recording a changing direction, the altimeter showing a decreasing altitude reading and the airspeed indicator showing an increasing airspeed. Any two of these instrument readings can give a pilot some clues as to what may be happening to the aircraft's attitude and flight path. A third instruments reading helps to nail it down even more. In this situation a pilot should recognize the plane is in a descending turn and his response should be to smoothly reduce the power to idle. Next, stop the aircraft's turn by centering the yoke (ailerons) and applying the appropriate rudder. If this does not stop the turn, apply more aileron and rudder. With the altitude decreasing, slight backpressure on the yoke (elevators) should be added but only after the turn has been stopped. To add a lot of backpressure at this point could trouble the plane's flight condition making it much harder to recover to a normal flight attitude. The airspeed should begin to go down and then stabilize at a safe acceptable speed. Don't rush to apply more yoke backpressure or add power. Try not to chase the airspeed, as that will almost always have you behind the airplane and getting more behind with each cycle. Put in a correction and wait to see what effect it has before making further correctional inputs. In some situations, particularly if you find yourself having to descend through a cloud, it is better to fly the airplane using the rudder and throttle alone, with very little or no yoke inputs, making small correctional inputs only while keeping the heading and speed constant. Remember too much speed and unleveled attitudes will kill the airplane, your passengers, and you along with it.

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Basic Flight Instruments


Your best chance of survival may be to momentarily take your hands off the yoke, cut the power and try to stop the turning with grave rudder use. Once a straightforward dive is established, slowly and smoothly add backpressure to the yoke while monitoring the airspeed throughout the dive recovery. Remember, you really want your wings to stay attached throughout the recovery. Using the above basic instruments will allow you to operate your Saab aircraft with confidence. The key point to remember here is to practice, practice, and practice. The more comfortable you get with the aircraft and its gauges, the better you will fly it.

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Basic Flight Instruments


Pilot In Command Airspeed Indicator This electromechanical airspeed indicator is supplied with information from the ADC regarding indicated airspeed (IAS) and maximum operating speed (VMO). The speed information is converted and displayed by two pointers which indicate IAS and VMO against a non-linear scale for maximum accuracy. This airspeed indicator requires electrical power to operate. This airspeed indicator is provided with a servo driven airspeed reference bug that is used to select speed for the FD/AP when flying in IAS mode. The set value is used to generate a difference between the selected and actual speed. This difference is displayed as a fastslow deviation indication on the EADI.

VMO Pointer

Indicated Airspeed Pointer

IAS Bug Knob

IAS Bug

VMO Pointer Indicates the current maximum operating speed (VMO). IAS Bug Knob Left click to adjust the IAS bug. When IAS mode is selected on the FD/AP the IAS bug will capture the actual IAS. Turn the IAS bug knob to change IAS and the FD/AP will follow. Right click to test the airspeed indicator. Indicated Airspeed Pointer Indicates the current aircraft IAS in knots. IAS Bug Airspeed reference bug.

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Basic Flight Instruments


First Officers Airspeed Indicator
This pneumatic airspeed indicator is connected directly to the pitot and static pressures. It has two pointers indicating IAS and VMO. This airspeed indicator does not require electrical power to operate.
VMO Pointer Indicated Airspeed Pointer

VMO Pointer Indicates the current maximum operating speed (VMO). Indicated Airspeed Pointer Indicates the current aircraft IAS in knots.

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Basic Flight Instruments


Pilot In Command Altimeter
The ADC supplies uncorrected altitude to this electromechanical altimeter. The altimeter converts this information into a display corrected for barometer pressure. The barometer pressure is set by a baroknob on the instrument. The display shows both a five numerical digital readout and an analogue pointer with a smallest scale increment of 20 feet. This altimeter will follow the barometric setting in Flight Simulator, for example if you press the B key to set the correct barometric pressure the setting will change on this altimeter. This altimeter requires electrical power to operate.

Altitude Indication

Baroset Indication

Test Button

Baroset Knob

Altitude Indication Shows aircraft altitude using a digital scale and an analogue scale with a smallest scale increment of 20 feet. Test Button Press to test the altimeter. Baroset Indication Displays the currently set barometric pressure in inches mercury (IN HG) or millibars (MB). Baroset Knob Left click to adjust the barometric pressure. Right click to switch the baroset indication between IN HG or MB.

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Basic Flight Instruments


First Officers Altimeter
This pneumatic altimeter is equipped with an aneroid capsule which converts static pressure into a mechanical movement of the counter and pointer. Correction for barometric pressure is set with a baroset knob. The barometric setting on this altimeter is independent of both Flight Simulator and the pilots in command altimeter. This altimeter works solely from static pressure and does not require electrical power to operate.
Altitude Indication Baroset Indication

Baroset Knob

Altitude Indication Shows aircraft altitude using a digital scale and an analogue scale with a smallest scale increment of 20 feet. Baroset Knob Left click to adjust the barometric pressure setting for this altimeter. Both settings for IN HG and MB will be adjusted. Baroset Indication Displays the currently set barometric pressure in IN HG and (MB).

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Basic Flight Instruments


Standby Indicated Airspeed Indicator
This pneumatic airspeed indicator is connected directly to the pitot and static pressures. It has one pointer indicating IAS. VMO indication is not provided. This airspeed indicator does not require electrical power to operate.
Indicated Airspeed Pointer

Indicated Airspeed Pointer Indicates the current aircraft IAS in knots.

Standby Altimeter
This pneumatic altimeter is equipped with an aneroid capsule which converts static pressure into a mechanical movement of the counter and pointer. Correction for barometric pressure is set with a baroset knob. The barometric setting on this altimeter is independent of both Flight Simulator, the pilots in command altimeter and the first officers. This altimeter works solely from static pressure and does not require electrical power to operate.

Baroset Knob

Altitude Indication

Altitude Indication Shows aircraft altitude using a digital scale and an analogue scale with a smallest scale increment of 20 feet.

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Basic Flight Instruments


Baroset Knob Left click to adjust the barometric pressure setting for this altimeter.

Standby Attitude Director Indicator


The standby attitude director indicator (ADI) is a self-contained instrument with an internal vertical gyro. Power for this instrument comes from the emergency avionics bus. On starting a flight with a cold aircraft the standby ADI will not be running. After applying power the gyro will run up and the instrument will start to erect. The standby ADI is provided with a pull to erect knob that will make this process much faster.
Bank Angle Scale Roll Index

Aircraft Symbol

Pitch Angle Scale

Erect knob

Bank Angle Scale Scaled with 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60. Aircraft Symbol Represents the nose and wings of the aircraft. Pitch Angle Scale Scaled in 10 increments. Roll Index Displays current aircraft bank against the bank angle scale. Erect Knob Left click to fast erect the standby ADI after applying power.

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Engines and Engine Instruments Engines and Engine Instruments


Torque Indicator
Shows the torque delivered by the power turbines to the propeller gearbox. Indicates torque as a percentage of the maximum.
Torque Pointer Scale

Torque Pointer Shows current power turbine torque as percentage of maximum. Scale Reads percentage from 0 to 120.

Interstage Turbine Temperature (ITT) Indicator


This instrument indicates the gas temperature between the gas generator turbine and the power turbine. It contains both analogue and digital indications.
Analogue ITT Indication Scale

Digital ITT Indication

Analogue ITT Indication Indicates ITT temperature against the scale in C. Digital ITT Indication Indicates ITT temperature with a digital readout in C. Scale Reads C from 0 to 1000.
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Engines and Engine Instruments


Engine RPM Indicator
Indicates the gas generator RPM in percentage of maximum rated RPM.
Engine RPM Indicator

Scale

Engine RPM Indicator Indicates the current gas generator RPM against the scale in % RPM. Scale Reads percentage from 0 to 110.

Engine Oil Pressure and Temperature Indicator


Indicates engine lubrication oil pressure and temperature.
Oil Pressure Indicator Scale - PSI

Oil Temperature Indicator

Scale - C

Oil Pressure Indicator Indicates engine lubrication oil pressure in PSI. Oil Temperature Indicator Indicates engine lubrication oil temperature in C. Scale PSI Reads PSI from 0 to 200. Reads C from -50 to 150.

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Engines and Engine Instruments


Propeller RPM Indicator
Indicates power turbine RPM reduced to propeller RPM.
Propeller RPM Indicator Scale

Propeller RPM Indicator Indicates propeller RPM by reducing the power turbine RPM by the propeller gearbox ratio. Scale Reads RPM from 0 to 1500.

Propeller Gearbox Oil Pressure and Temperature Indicator


Indicates the propeller gearbox lubrication oil pressure and temperature.
Oil Pressure Indicator Scale - PSI

Oil Temperature Indicator

Scale - C

Oil Pressure Indicator Indicates propeller gearbox lubrication oil pressure in PSI. Oil Temperature Indicator Indicates propeller gearbox lubrication oil temperature in C. Scale PSI Reads PSI from 0 to 200. Reads C from -50 to 150.

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Engines and Engine Instruments


CTOT Control Panel
The Saab 340 is equipped with a constant torque on takeoff (CTOT) system activated through the CTOT panel. The system is armed using the CTOT switch by moving it to the ON or APR position. Once armed the system is activated by moving the power levers past the minimum takeoff power level of 64. Once activated the system will automatically control the engine power to maintain the torque level set using the CTOT knob. The CTOT system includes an automatic power reserve (APR) function. In the event of an engine failure while APR is armed the torque on the good engine will be increased by 7%. In order for the APR function to work the auto coarsen switch must be on. There are two lights in the flight status panel which will come on if the respective power lever is advanced beyond 64 and the CTOT switch is set to APR. The CTOT system is unable to set the engine torque below that demanded by the power levers.
CTOT Switch CTOT Knob

CTOT Switch If the power lever angle is greater than 64. OFF - Deactivates CTOT/APR. ON - Activates CTOT only. APR - Activates CTOT and arms the APR system. CTOT Knob Selector for the desired torque to be set prior to takeoff. If the APR system is triggered the torque on the remaining engine will automatically increase by 7% from this setting. This knob can be used to adjust the power up or down as required when CTOT or APR is engaged. See the normal operating procedures section of the handbook for more information about CTOT use.

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Engines and Engine Instruments


Propeller Control Panel
The propeller control panel contains the controls for the auto coarsen computer and manual feathering of the propellers. The propeller brake system is not active on this version of the Saab 340.

L/R Propeller Pump Switch

Auto Coarsen Switch

L/R Propeller Pump Switch Right click to open or close the guard, left click to move the switch. This switch controls the operation of the feather pump and feather solenoid valve. MAN FEATHER OFF TEST - The feather pump will run and the propeller will be feathered. - The pump is off. - Used for ground testing of the pitch control system.

If the propeller feather pump is used in flight the AUTO COARSEN switch must be turned to OFF. Auto Coarsen Switch Controls power to the auto coarsen computer.

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Engines and Engine Instruments


Engine Start Panel
L/R Ignition Switch L/R Chip Detect Light

L/R Oil Bypass Light Start Switch

No Bat Start Light

L/R Fuel Low Temperature Light

L/R Ignition Switch CONT - Continuous ignition is on. NORM - Power to the ignition system is controlled by the engine starting system. OFF - Ignition is off allowing dry motoring of the engine. Start Switch Controls the operation of the engine starter / generator in its function as a starter. Left click to move the switch. The switch is spring loaded to the mid position but will remain engaged for several seconds after being selected to the left or right start position. No Bat Start Light Comes on at a battery temperature of 57C to indicate that the batteries should not be used to start the engines. You should observe battery temperature limits. L/R Chip Detect Light Comes on to indicate the presence of magnetic particles in the engine oil system. ENGINE (CWP) light and the MASTER CAUTION will also come on. L/R Oil Bypass Light Comes on to indicate an impending bypass of the engine oil filter. ENGINE (CWP) light and the MASTER CAUTION will also come on. L/R Fuel Low Temperature Light Comes on if the engine fuel temperature becomes too low. ENGINE (CWP) light and the MASTER CAUTION will also come on.

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Engines and Engine Instruments


Throttle Quadrant
The throttle quadrant can be found on the center pedestal.
L/R Power Lever L/R Condition Lever

L/R Power Lever The power lever (P/L) serves as the power demand input to the engines. The power levers should not be moved below FLT IDLE when airborne. L/R Condition Lever The condition levers (C/L) control propeller operation and also serve as fuel shutoff control. The following positions are identified on the quadrant: FUEL OFF FEATHER START UNF MIN-MAX T/M - Fuel and ignition to the engine is shut off. - With C/L in this range the propeller is feathered. - Open the fuel shutoff value and allows ignition to come on when the starter is activated. - Propeller is un-feathered. - Range for propeller constant speed operation. MIN = 1150 RPM; MAX = 1396 RPM. - Not simulated on the FFS Saab due to Flight Simulator turboprop engine limitations.

You can of course use the standard keyboard commands and your joystick to control the power and condition levers.

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Engines and Engine Instruments


Engine Start Procedures
There are two methods for starting the engines on the Saab 340. The first method is easy, the second is more realistic but requires a few quick panel changes and mouse clicks to get just right! Direct Start This is the easier method of the two. To start using the direct start method: Ensure ignition switch is in the NORM position. Move condition lever to START. Select the starter switch to the desired engine. The engine should start. Motoring Start. This is the preferred method of starting the engines due to high airflow during initial start and thereby leaner fuel to air ratio and improved fuel burn. This method requires a few quick panel switches. To start using the motoring start method: Ensure ignition switch is OFF. Ensure condition lever is in FUEL OFF. Click the start switch to the desired engine, it will hold for a few seconds. Move the respective condition lever to START. Set the respective ignition switch to NORM. The engine should start.

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Fuel System and Instruments Fuel System and Instruments


The Saab 340 stores fuel in two tanks, referred to as the left and right tank. The maximum usable fuel capacity of each tank is 2845 lb 200 lb (1290 kg 90 kg ) or approximately 425 US gallons. Normally the left engine is supplied by the left tank and the right engine by the right tank, but it is also possible to cross feed both engines from either tank. There is one engine driven main fuel pump on each engine and an electrically driven standby pump in each tank. The standby pump starts automatically by a pressure switch in case of a main pump failure. The standby pumps are also used for supplying the engine with fuel during engine start until the main pump can provide sufficient pressure. The standby pumps are controlled by pilot operated switches on the overhead panel. Fuel quantity is indicated by two gauges on the center instrument panel. Fuel temperature is indicated on a digital display in the overhead panel.

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Fuel System and Instruments


Fuel Flow Indicator
Indicates fuel flow being delivered to the engine.
Fuel Flow Indicator Scale

Fuel Flow Indicator Indicates fuel flow being delivered to the engine. Scale Reads pounds per hour from 0 to 1000.

Fuel Quantity Indicator


Indicates the quantity of fuel remaining in the respective left or right fuel tank.
Fuel Quantity Indicator Scale

Fuel Quantity Indicator Indicates the fuel quantity in the respective fuel tank. Scale Reads pounds from 0 to 3000.

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Fuel System and Instruments


Battery and Fuel Temperature Panel
Located on the forward overhead this panel displays either battery or fuel temperature as selected by the rotary switch.
Temperature Display Selector Switch

Temperature Display Indicates fuel or battery temperature as selected by the switch. Selector Switch OFF - No display L BAT - Left battery temperature R BAT - Right battery temperature FUEL - Fuel temperature. Left click to rotate the switch, right click to change the temperature display between C and F.

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Fuel System and Instruments


Fuel Used Indicator
The fuel used indicator shows the total amount of fuel used in pounds since power was applied to the aircraft or the instrument was reset.
Reset Button Fuel Used

Reset Button Left click to reset the total fuel used display to zero. Fuel Used Shows total fuel used since reset in pounds.

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Fuel System and Instruments


Fuel Control Panel
The fuel control panel is located on the rear overhead section.
L/R Valve Closed Light L/R Fuel Filter Light Crossfeed On Light

L/R Main Pump Light L/R Low Level Light

Crossfeed Valve Switch

L/R Standby Pressure L/R Standby Pump

Interconnect Valve Open Light Interconnect Valve Switch

L/R Valve Closed Light Comes on when the fire shutoff valve is closed. L/R Fuel Filter Light Comes on if the fuel filter becomes clogged and fuel is bypassing the filter. L/R Main Pump Light Comes on if the main pump pressure is low. L/R Low Level Light Comes on if the fuel quantity in the corresponding tank is below 300 70lb. L/R Standby Pressure Light Comes on if a standby pump pressurizes the engine feed line, either directly or through crossfeed. L/R Standby Pump Switch OFF - Pump is off. AUTO - Pump starts automatically if corresponding main pump pressure is low and condition lever is out of fuel off position. OVRD - Override, pump is on. Right click to open or close the guard, left click to move the switch.

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Fuel System and Instruments


Crossfeed On Light Comes on when the crossfeed valve is open. Crossfeed Valve Switch When set to ON the crossfeed valve will open and the XFEED ON light will come on indicating the valve is open. Interconnect Valve Open Light Comes on when the interconnect valve is open. Interconnect Valve Switch When set to OPEN the interconnect valve will open the CONN VLV OPEN light will come on indicating valve is open.

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Communication Equipment Communication Equipment


There are two identical VHF communication systems independent of each other. The frequency range is 118.000 to 136.975 MHz selectable in 25 KHz steps. The control units are located on the center pedestal. Also for convenience we have also grouped together all the units onto one Radio Stack panel that can be displayed using the keyboard shortcut SHIFT + 2.

COM Control Unit


Active Frequency Display Standby Frequency Display Frequency Selector Store Button Act Button Transfer / Memory Switch

Active Frequency Display Shows the frequency the radio is currently tuned to. Standby Frequency Display Shows the standby frequency. Transfer / Memory Switch When momentarily switched to: XFR - Standby frequency moves to the upper display and becomes the active frequency. MEM - Standby frequency steps through the four pre-programmed frequencies. Frequency Selector Use a combination of left and right mouse clicks in this area to tune the frequency. It is also possible to adjust the frequency by clicking in the frequency display area. Act Button Depress this button to switch the standby frequency off. The frequency selector then controls the active frequency display. Depress this button again to return to normal. Store Button

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Communication Equipment
After using the transfer / memory switch to select a memory cell the store button is depressed to switch to program mode. In program mode the frequency selector is used to choose a frequency to be stored. Pressing the store button again will commit the frequency to the memory cell. If there is no activity for three seconds the display will return to normal.

ATC Transponder Control Unit


The Air Traffic Control (ATC) transponder is used to receive and reply to interrogations from ground stations by transmitting information consisting of aircraft identifier (code number) and if selected, the operating altitude of the aircraft. The Saab 340 is fitted with one such system and one control unit.
Ident Code Display Code Selector

Function Selector

PRE Button

Ident Code Display Displays the selected ident code. Function Selector STBY - Power applied but prevented from transmitting replies. ON - Mode A. Transponder replies with selected code. ALT - Mode C. Transponder replies with both selected code and altitude information. Code Selector Left and right click to select a code in the range 0000-7777. You can also choose a code buy left clicking in the display area. PRE Button Left click this button to store the current code in memory, right click to recall the stored code.

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Communication Equipment
Audio Control Panel
The audio control panel allows selection of transmission source and volume control of signals from various audio sources. Due to the limitations of Flight Simulator this panel is only partially simulated. Only COM 1 and COM 2 can be selected for transmission and volume control is limited to on or off on the available channels.

Transmit Select Buttons

Volume Controls

Transmit Select Buttons Use to select to transmit on either COM 1 or COM 2. Volume Controls Used to control the volume level of signals from NAV 1, NAV 2, MRK (marker), ADF 1 and ADF 2.

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Flight Guidance & Autopilot System Autopilot System


The flight guidance & autopilot System (FGAS) consists of a flight control computer (FCC) including the flight Director / autopilot (FD/AP) and the yaw damper (YD). The FCC interfaces with many other aircraft systems including the air data system, navigation radios, EFIS and the altitude preselect / alert system. The FCC functions are controlled by the mode select panel (MSP) and the autopilot control panel. The FCC provides steering command signal for control of the flight path during all the normal phases of flight. The FCC signals are fed to the FD command bars displayed on the EADI and to the control surfaces. The FCC starts in heading and vertical speed modes by default.

Autopilot Modes The autopilot modes are separated into vertical, lateral and combined modes. The available modes are listed below: Vertical Modes: VS (Vertical speed) IAS (Indicated airspeed) CLIMB (Climb) ALT (Altitude) ALTS (Altitude sub mode) Lateral Modes: HDG (Heading) NAV (Navigation) Combined Modes: APPR (Approach)

Vertical Mode Descriptions VS The FCC gives pitch attitude commands to maintain the vertical speed existing at the time of mode engagement. A new vertical speed can be selected by the pitch knob on the autopilot control panel in steps of 50 ft. This is the basic vertical mode at power on. Selection of this mode clears any previously selected vertical mode except GS CAPTURE and ALTS.

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IAS The FCC gives pitch attitude commands to maintain the IAS existing at the time of mode engagement. A new IAS can be selected using the airspeed bug on the pilot in command airspeed indicator. Selection of this mode clears any previously selected vertical mode except GS CAPTURE and ALTS. This mode does not use an auto-throttle system. It controls the airspeed by adjusting the pitch of the aircraft. CLIMB The FCC computes and updates a climb IAS displayed on the EADI. The computed speed is a function of altitude at medium aircraft weight. There are three climb mode settings. They are selectable by cycling the CLIMB mode push button on the MSP. The desired climb setting annunciated on the EFIS, H, M and L respectively, is related to their effect on IAS (high, medium and low IAS). Selection of this mode clears any previously selected vertical mode except GS CAPTURE and ALTS. ALT FCC holds the altitude existing at the time of engagement. A flight advisory IAS for long range cruise will be displayed on the EADI when ALT mode is in track. The displayed speed is a function of altitude at medium aircraft weight. Selection of this mode clears any previously selected vertical mode except GS CAPTURE and ALTS. ALTS When approaching the altitude selected on the APA the FCC will command a capture profile and holding of the selected altitude. The ALTS submode is always armed for capture of the altitude selected on the APA. Once engaged the ALTS submode clears any other vertical mode except GS CAPTURE. It is not possible to select any other vertical mode until a new altitude is selected on the APA. A flight advisory IAS for long range cruise will be displayed on the EADI when ALTS mode is in track.

Lateral Mode Descriptions HDG The FCC gives commands to turn and hold the heading indicated by the heading bug on the EHSI. The heading bug can be manually moved either by the HDG knob on the course heading panel or by the TURN knob on the autopilot control panel. This is the basic lateral mode at power on. Selection of this mode clears any previously selected lateral mode. NAV The FCC commands capture and tracking of the course defined by the active navigational data displayed on the EFIS (VOR, LOC, BC or GPS). The mode is armed by pushing the

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Flight Guidance & Autopilot System


NAV mode button. The FCC automatically reverts to HDG mode and the desired intercept heading can be selected on the heading bug. The mode is engaged at the capture point and NAV CAPTURE is displayed on the EADI. This mode is cleared by selecting HDG or APPR modes.

Combined Modes APPR The FCC functions in principle the same as in NAV mode but commands are also given for vertical capture and tracking if an ILS GS signal is available. The mode is armed by pushing the APPR button. The FCC reverts to HDG mode and the desired intercept heading can be selected on the heading bug. The mode is engaged at the capture point and the LOC/VOR CAPTURE and GS CAPTURE information is displayed on the EADI. In this mode the FD display can not be removed by pushing the FD buttons on the display control panel.

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Flight Guidance & Autopilot System


Autopilot Control Panel
Turn Knob / Pitch Wheel YD Engage Lever

AP Engage Lever

Turn Knob / Pitch Wheel Turn Knob - The turn knob is spring loaded to return to a center detent position. The knob is used to manually apply heading commands to the FD/AP by moving the heading bug. Left click in the left and right sides of the box shown to operate the turn knob. Pitch Wheel - The pitch wheel is spring loaded to return to a center detent position. The wheel is used to manually apply vertical speed commands to the FD/AP in steps of 50 ft. YD Engage Lever Move to ENGAGE position to engage the yaw damper system. Due to limitations with the Flight Simulator autopilot it is not recommended that you engage the yaw damper when the autopilot is in approach mode. To aid with this the yaw damper and autopilot can be engaged independently, unlike in the real aircraft. AP Engage Lever Move to ENGAGE position to engage the autopilot system.

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Flight Guidance & Autopilot System


Autopilot Mode Select Panel
HDG Mode Push Button NAV Mode Push Button APPR Mode Push Button

VS Mode Push Button

IAS Mode Push Button

CLIMB Mode Push Button

ALT Mode Push Button

Pressing a mode select button will engage the respective mode if allowed by the FCC.

Navigation Source Selectors


Navigation Source Left Selector Navigation Source Right Selector

Navigation Source Left and Right Selectors The NAV S L and R push buttons are used to couple left or right navigation source to the FD/AP.

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Altitude Preselector Alerter
The altitude preselector alerter (APA) is used to preselect an altitude that you wish to fly at before engaging the autopilot. It also serves to alert when the selected altitude is being approached or deviated from.

Altitude Alert Buttonlight

Selected Altitude Display

Altitude Set Knob

Altitude Alert Buttonlight Illuminates steady when approaching and flashes when deviating from selected altitude. If an alert has been triggered pressing the buttonlight will cancel the alert. Selected Altitude Display The two left digits display thousands of feet. The digit right of the comma display hundreds of feet. The last two digits are stationary zeros. Altitude Set Knob Left clicking on this knob will adjust the altitude in 100 feet increments. An example of APA use: Aircraft is currently on the ground, you wish to climb to 10,000 feet using the CLIMB mode on the AP. Before takeoff: Use the altitude set knob to dial an altitude of 10,000 feet into the display. Select the desired CLIMB mode on the MSP. After takeoff: Engage the AP. The aircraft will climb at the desired IAS. At 9,000 feet the altitude alert light will come on steady and a tone will be heard. At 9,800 feet the alert light will go out. The aircraft will level off at 10,000 feet and the AP will enter the ALTS submode. Increasing altitude: Disengage the autopilot and start to climb. At 10,200 feet the alert light will start to flash and a tone will be heard, warning you of deviation from selected altitude.

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Flight Guidance & Autopilot System


At 11,000 feet a further tone will be heard. The following diagram illustrates when the alert light will illuminate and the tone will be heard:

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Flight Guidance & Autopilot System


EADI Autopilot Displays
Autopilot related information is shown on the EADI. Most of these are self explanatory.

Captured Lateral Mode

Flight Advisory Speed

Armed Lateral Mode

Captured Vertical Mode

Armed Vertical Mode Autopilot Engagement Flag

ALTS Armed Flag

FD Command Bars

Autopilot Engagement Flag A green AP is shown inside a green box when the AP is engaged. When the autopilot is disengaged a white flag is shown. The arrow indicates which navigation source side is currently selected.

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Miscellaneous Instruments Miscellaneous Instruments and Controls


Landing Gear Control Panel

Landing Gear Lights

Landing Gear Handle

Test Button

Landing Gear Lights Landing gear down and locked lights. When the NOSE, LEFT or RIGHT green light is on, the respective gear is down and locked. Landing Gear Handle UP - When moved to up position all gears will retract and lock in retracted position. DN - When moved to DN position all gears will extend and lock in extended position. Test Button Press to test the gear down and locked lights when the gear is in locked up position.

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Miscellaneous Instruments
Flap Position Indicator
Flap Position Indicator

Flap Position Indicator Dual pointers (left and right) indicate the position of the left and right flaps.

Trim Indicator
Indicates trim tab deflection for pitch, roll and yaw. The Saab 340 has a main and a standby trim system, in Flight Simulator the standby system is not implemented and it follows the main.
Pitch Trim Indicator Roll Trim Indicator

Yaw Trim Indicator

Pitch Trim Indicator Indicates pitch trim deflection. The green band indicates the takeoff range. One unit equals 2 degrees of deflection. Yaw Trim Indicator Indicates yaw trim deflection. Roll Trim Indicator Indicates roll trim deflection.

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Miscellaneous Instruments
Trim Switches
The trim switches are located on the rear center pedestal.
Roll Trim Switch Pitch Trim Reset Button

Yaw Trim Switch

Pitch Trim Switch

Roll Trim Switch Left click to adjust the roll trim. Yaw Trim Switch Left click to adjust the yaw trim. Pitch Trim Reset Button Left click to re-engage pitch trim synchronization and extinguish the pitch trim caption on the central warning panel. This is required after a cold start or shutting down aircraft power. Pitch Trim Switch Left click to adjust pitch trim.

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Miscellaneous Instruments
Chronometer
Both the pilots in command and first officers instrument panels are fitted with independent chronometers that display the current Flight Simulator time and can also function as a stopwatch. Both chronometers are identical in operation.
Minute Hand Chronometer Button

Elapsed Time Hands

Adjustment Knob

Hour Hand

Adjustment Knob Left click to adjust the Flight Simulator time in one hour increments. Right click to adjust Flight Simulation time one minute at a time. Chronometer Button Momentarily left click the button to start, stop and then reset the elapsed time counter in that sequence. Elapsed Time Hands The elapsed time hands show the minutes and seconds that have elapsed since the counter was started. In this example both hands are shown in the reset position. The elapsed time hands are much thinner than the normal time hands.

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Miscellaneous Instruments
Ground Status Panel
Cargo Door Light External Power Available Light

Main Door Lights

Cargo Door Light Comes on when the cargo door is open. Main Door Lights Comes on when the main door and main door handle are open. External Power Available Light Comes on when external power is connected to the aircraft and is available for use. The remaining lights on this panel are not active.

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Navigation Instruments Navigation Instruments


The Saab 340 is equipped with two ADF and VOR navigation systems. The control units can be found on the glareshield panels, center pedestal or the radio stack popup. Navigational information is displayed on the EFIS system as well as conventional instruments.

ADF
The Automatic Direction Finder (ADF) detects the relative bearing to a selected radio station (NDB). The frequency range for selection is 190 to 1749.5 kHz. The radio bearing is combined with the magnetic compass indication on the Radio Magnetic Indicator (RMI) which indicates the magnetic bearing to the selected ADF station. The ADF bearing can also be indicated on the EHSI. The left side EFIS indicates ADF 1 and the right side indicates ADF 2.

ADF Control Unit


Active Frequency Display Standby Frequency Display Frequency Selector Function Selector Transfer / Memory Switch

Act Button Store Button

Active Frequency Display Shows the frequency the radio is currently tuned to. Standby Frequency Display Shows the standby frequency. Function Selector ANT - Audio only ADF - Bearing indication and audio ident TONE - Provides a tone for audio ident.

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Navigation Instruments
Transfer / Memory Switch When momentarily switched to: XFR - Standby frequency moves to the upper display and becomes the active frequency. MEM - Steps through the four pre-programmed frequencies. Frequency Selector Use a combination of left and right mouse clicks in this area to tune the frequency. It is also possible to adjust the frequency by clicking in the frequency display area. Act Button Depress this button to switch the standby frequency off. The frequency selector then controls the active frequency display. Depress this button again to return to normal. Store Button After using the transfer / memory switch to select a memory cell the store button is depressed to switch to program mode. In program mode the frequency selector is used to choose a frequency to be stored. Pressing the store button again will commit the frequency to the memory cell. If there is no activity for three seconds the display will return to normal.

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Navigation Instruments
VOR/ILS
The VOR/ILS system receives signals from the selected station and presents them as navigation information on the EFIS, RMI and a VOR/ILS indicator. This information is also sent to the FD/AP as guidance for navigation and approach. There are two such systems installed. The VOR or ILS frequencies are selected on the control units located on the glareshield panel. When a VOR or ILS frequency is selected the DME frequency is automatically selected.

NAV Control Unit


Active Frequency Display Standby Frequency Display Frequency Selector Function Selector Transfer / Memory Switch

Act Button Store Button

Active Frequency Display Shows the frequency the radio is currently tuned to. Standby Frequency Display Shows the standby frequency. Function Selector NORM - DME station paired to active frequency in the upper display. HLD - The system holds DME frequency. A new frequency can then be tuned without affecting the DME function and the frequency selector controls the active display. Transfer / Memory Switch When momentarily switched to: XFR - Standby frequency moves to the upper display and becomes the active frequency. MEM - Steps through the four pre-programmed frequencies.

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Navigation Instruments
Frequency Selector Use a combination of left and right mouse clicks in this area to tune the frequency. It is also possible to adjust the frequency by clicking in the frequency display area. Act Button Depress this button to switch the standby frequency off. The frequency selector then controls the active frequency display. Depress this button again to return to normal. Store Button After using the transfer / memory switch to select a memory cell the store button is depressed to switch to program mode. In program mode the frequency selector is used to choose a frequency to be stored. Pressing the store button again will commit the frequency to the memory cell. If there is no activity for three seconds the display will return to normal.

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Navigation Instruments
Radio Magnetic Indicator
ADF/VOR 1 Pointer ADF/VOR 2 Pointer

ADF/VOR 1 Switch

ADF/VOR 2 Switch

ADF/VOR 1 Pointer Indicates magnetic bearing to the ADF 1 or VOR 1 station based on the selection on the ADF/VOR 1 switch. ADF/VOR 1 Switch Selects ADF or VOR display for pointer 1. ADF/VOR 2 Pointer Indicates magnetic bearing to the ADF 2 or VOR 2 station based on the selection on the ADF/VOR 2 switch. ADF/VOR 2 Switch Selects ADF or VOR display for pointer 2.

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Navigation Instruments
VOR/ILS Indicator
Compass Card VOR/LOC Deviation Bar

TO FROM Indication

Omi Bearing Selector Glideslope Deviation Bar

Compass Card Shows the currently selected course. Omi Bearing Selector Rotates the compass card. VOR/LOC Deviation Bar Moves to indicate deviation from the selected course. TO FROM Indication Shows whether the selected course will take the aircraft either to or from the selected radio station. Glideslope Deviation Bar Shows the deviation from the glideslope when an ILS station is tuned. This bar parks at the fly up position when a VOR station is tuned. The VOR/ILS indicator will reverse the localizer indication when the aircraft is flying back course.

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Navigation Instruments
EFIS Navigation Displays
Navigation using the EFIS system is described in more detail in the EFIS section of this handbook. The following diagrams illustrate where the main navigation information can be found on the EFIS displays. EADI
Glideslope Deviation Display

Marker Display

VOR / Localizer Deviation Display

VOR / Localizer Deviation Display The symbol displayed in a runway for localizer deviation and a hexagon for VOR deviation. In case of excessive localizer deviation between 90 and 600 ft radio height the pointer color will flash between blue and yellow. Glideslope Deviation Display The scale is in white dots and the moving glide path symbol in blue. In case of excessive glideslope deviation when between 90 and 600 ft radio height the pointer color will flash between blue and yellow. Marker Display An active marker would be displayed here. OM in cyan - outer marker. MM in yellow - middle marker. M in white - inner marker.

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Navigation Instruments
EHSI
Compass Rose Selected Course Pointer

TO- FROM Indication VOR / LOC Deviation Bar

NAV 1 Information

NAV 2 Information

ADF Indicator

Compass Rose In white with the aircraft heading at the top. TO FROM Indication Shows whether the selected course will take the aircraft either to or from the selected radio station. NAV 1 Information Displays course and DME distance to navigation source 1. Displayed in red if no signal is present. Selected Course Pointer Displays the selected course. VOR / LOC Deviation Bar Disappears if the navigation source is lost. NAV 2 Information Displays course and DME distance to navigation source 2. Displayed in red if no signal is present. ADF Pointer Displayed in magenta and shows the bearing to the selected ADF station.

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Collins EFIS-86 Collins EFIS-86


The Electronic Flight Instrument System (EFIS) is a system that uses cathode ray tubes for displaying such flight and navigation data normally found on the ADI and the HSI. The type of display information is selected via the Display Control Panel (DCP). The DCP controls a computer which then processes information for display. The Saab 340 has two EFIS systems installed. Each system can take over the over the display of the opposite side in the advent of a failure in the system. The Course Heading Panel (CHP) is used to select the desired heading and to set the selected course to be displayed on the EHSI. The FFS Saab 340 features a full implementation of the EFIS-86 apart from an integrated weather radar display on the MFD. You are welcome to retro fit a weather radar to your Saab after delivery. The EFIS system is the main source of flight and navigation information to the flight crew and is a complex system. Please take the time to read through this section and experiment with all the controls and modes on the ground before taking your first flight. Main Components: Electronic Attitude Director Indicator Electronic Horizontal Situation Indicator Multifunction Display Display Control Panel Course Heading Panel

- EADI - EHSI - MFD - DCP - CHP

The EFIS system receives data from the following systems and processes this for display: Radio altimeter Air data computer VOR/ILS/MB beacons. DME ADF AHRS FD/AP - radio and decision height. - Airspeed, altitude, TAS and SAT. - VOR/LOC/GS deviations, VOR course and marker - Distance, ground speed and time to go. - ADF bearings. - Pitch and roll attitudes and magnetic heading. - Mode annunciation and FD command bar.

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Collins EFIS-86
EFIS Controls and Indications Drive Transfer Light
Located next to the EADI displays this light comes on when the EFIS switch on the associated side is in DRIVE XFR position.

Navigation Source Selectors


Located on the glareshield panel these push buttons are used to couple left or right navigation source to the FD/AP.
Navigation Source Left Selector Navigation Source Right Selector

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Collins EFIS-86
Course Heading Panel
Located on the center pedestal this panel allows selection of the current courses and control of the heading bug. This panel is also available on the EFIS control panels popup.
Course 1 Knob Heading Knob Course 2 Knob

Course 1 Knob Used to select course 1 indicated on the EHSI. Left click for small increments and right click for large increments. Heading Knob Used to control the heading bug. Left click for small increments and right click for large increments. Course 2 Knob Used to select course 2 indicated on the EHSI. Left click for small increments and right click for large increments.

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Collins EFIS-86
EFIS Switches
There are two sets of EFIS switches located on either side of the forward overhead panel. These switches are used to switch the EFIS into drive transfer mode if a display fails. Failures are not simulated on the FFS Saab 340 however the switches will function as if a failure has occurred allowing the use of drive transfer, cross side data and composite displays as if a failure had occurred.
Drive Transfer / Cross Side Data Switch

ADI Reversion Switch

Drive Transfer / Cross Side Data Switch (DRIVE XFR/NORM/XSIDE DATA) DRIVE XFR - Used if the video signals from the respective Display Processor Unit (DPU) fails. Video signals are then provided from the MFD. The displays on the MFD and EHSI will be the same. NORM - Normal operation. XSIDE DATA - Used if attitude and / or heading data fails. Data from the opposite side is then displayed. The switched side will then display XATT and XHDG in yellow on the EADI/EHSI. ADI Reversion Switch (ADI REV/NORM/HIS REV) ADI REV - Used if the EHSI has failed. The EHSI display is transferred to the EADI and changed to the composite format. NORM - Normal operation. HSI REV - Used if the EADI has failed. The EADI display is transferred to the EHSI and changed to the composite format. Set this switch away from the display that you want to fail.

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Collins EFIS-86
Display Control Panel
Located on the glareshield panel this controls the display modes of the EFIS system. This panel is also available on the EFIS control panels pop-up. Both the pilot in command and first officer have identical panels that control the respective EFIS system.
Intensity Knob De-Clutter Push Button

Decision Height Knob

Mode Selector Knob

Select Switch

Decision Height Knob Knob out: Decision height (DH) is blanked when above 2500 feet radio altitude. Not possible to set DH. Knob in: DH readout is displayed. DH is set by rotating the knob. Left click to rotate and right click to pull in or out. Intensity Knob Rotate to control the brightness of both the EADI and EHSI displays. De-Clutter Push Button Push to toggle display of GSP, TTG, TAS, cross side DME and NAV data on the EHSI. Mode Selector Knob Selects different types of compass presentation on the EHSI. ROSE - 360 compass rose is displayed.

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Collins EFIS-86
SECTOR - A compass sector of 80 is displayed. There are 6 sector positions corresponding to the ranges 5, 25, 100, 200, 300 and 600 NM. The range circle shows half distance of selected range. - Weather radar display, not available.

RR

Select Switch Used to select between VOR/ILS and GPS as the navigation source to be displayed on the EHSI. This switch is the same as the standard NAV/GPS selector found on many default Flight Simulation aircraft.

RA Test Push Button

ADF (BRG) Push Button

Second Course Push Button

Flight Director Push Button

Elapsed Time Push button

Map Mode Push Button

RA Test Push Button Press and hold to test the radio altimeter. Inhibited when the FD/AP is engaged in NAV or APPR mode. ADF (BRG) Push Button When pushed the ADF bearing pointer is removed from the EHSI. The next push restores the pointer. Second Course Push Button When selected the opposite side selected course pointer is displayed on this side EHSI as a dashed pointer. Flight Director Push Button Press to toggle display of the FD command bars on the EADI. The bars can not be removed when the FD/AP is in approach mode.

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Collins EFIS-86
Elapsed Time Push Button Controls the elapsed time displayed on the EHSI. First push starts the chronometer, second push stops the chronometer and displays elapsed time as long as the button is pushed. The chronometer is reset when the button is released. Map Mode Push Button When in SECTOR mode and pressed the EADI will display VOR deviation and map mode presentation will be displayed on the EHSI.

EADI Normal Display


Roll Attitude Scale Pitch Attitude Scale

Blue Sky Aircraft Symbol

Brown Earth

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Lateral Autopilot Information Vertical Autopilot Information

Fast Slow Speed Indication

Glideslope Deviation

FD Command Bar

Radio Altitude Information

Localizer Deviation

Lateral Autopilot Information Shows armed and captured lateral autopilot mode information. Captured modes are shown in green, armed in white. Fast Slow Speed Indication A moving diamond shaped pointer in green. One dot equals 5 knots. If the pointer moves towards the F then the aircraft airspeed is higher than the currently selected reference airspeed. FD Command Bar Displays FD command information with a magenta bar. Vertical Autopilot Information Shows armed and captured vertical autopilot mode information. Captured modes are shown in green, armed in white. Other information shown includes climb mode setting, flight advisory speed, vertical speed and selected airspeed. Glideslope Deviation The scale is in white dots and the moving glide path symbol in blue. In case of excessive glideslope deviation when between 90 and 600 ft radio height the pointer color will flash between blue and yellow. Radio Altitude Information Radio altitude is shown in green. The selected decision height is shown in green and prefixed with DH.

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Collins EFIS-86
Localizer Deviation A moving runway symbol shows localizer deviation. Excessive deviation is indicated by the pointer flashing between yellow and normal color.

EHSI / EADI Composite Mode


In composite mode 40 of the compass rose and the heading bug is displayed on top of the normal EADI display.

Compass Rose

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Collins EFIS-86
EHSI Normal Display Rose Mode
Rose mode is selected when the mode selector knob on the DCP is set to ROSE.

Compass Rose

Heading Bug

LIN / ANG Flag

ADF Relative Bearing Pointer

Compass Rose Standard compass rose displayed in white. LIN / ANG Flag ANG - The displayed deviation represents the angle between aircraft and selected radial for VOR / LOC. LIN - The displayed deviation represents the distance (cross track) between aircraft and the desired track, unaffected by distance to the waypoint. Heading Bug Shown in magenta. ADF Relative Bearing Pointer Shown in magenta. If the system fails or there is no reception the pointer will be shown in red and parked at the 3 oclock position.

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Collins EFIS-86
True Airspeed Elapsed Time

DME Ground Speed

DME Time To Go

NAV 1 Information

NAV 2 Information

True Airspeed Displays true airspeed in white. DME Ground Speed DME ground speed. Dashes in normal color if no readout. NAV 1 Information Displays course and DME distance to navigation source 1. Displayed in red if no signal is present. Elapsed Time Displays the elapsed time in white. Time is shown in minutes and seconds, after one hour the time is displayed in hours and minutes. DME Time To Go Displays DME time to go (TTG). If there is no readout dashes are displayed. NAV 2 Information Displays course and DME distance to navigation source 2. Displayed in red if no signal is present.

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Collins EFIS-86
VOR / LOC Deviation Scale Selected Course Pointer

TO FROM Indication

VOR / LOC Deviation Bar

VOR / LOC Deviation Scale Displayed in the same color as the deviation bar. TO FROM Indication Shows whether the selected course will take the aircraft either to or from the selected radio station. No TO FROM indication is displayed on the second course pointer. Selected Course Pointer NAV 1 is displayed with a single pointer, NAV 2 with a double pointer Left side NAV 1 in cyan, NAV 2 in green with a dashed pointer. Right side NAV 2 in green, NAV 1 in cyan with a dashed pointer. VOR / LOC Deviation Bar Disappears if the navigation source is lost.

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Collins EFIS-86
EHSI Rose Display with Second Course
Display of the second course (i.e. NAV 2 on the pilot in command EHSI) is toggled using the second course button on the DCP.
Second Course Button

Second Course Pointer

Second Course Pointer Shown with a dashed pointer and no TO FROM indication.

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Collins EFIS-86
EHSI Sector Display
Sector mode display is selected by moving the mode selector knob on the DCP away from the ROSE position.

Selected Course Pointer

Heading Bug

Compass Sector

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EHSI Sector Display with Second Course
If the second course button is pressed with the EHSI in sector mode then the range arc is displayed as a dashed white line. The second NAV source will be shown as an octagonal symbol if the source is a VOR / DME together with the ident code. No symbol will be displayed if the selected NAV source is only a VOR.

Second Course VOR / DME Station Presentation

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EHSI Map Mode Display
Compared with a standard VOR pointer with deviation bar, the map mode offers a more visual presentation on the EHSI. To enter map mode set the mode selector knob to any of the six SECTOR positions and then press the DEV push button on the DCP.
Map Mode (DEV) Push Button

Map mode displays the received VOR / DEM stations distance and radial as an octagonal shaped symbol in RHO-THETA position (distance and radial) with respect to the aircrafts actual position. In other words, it shows you where the VOR station is! The selected VOR / DME station ident code will be displayed next to the station symbol. A course line is drawn solid on the TO side of the VOR symbol and dashed on the FROM side. Map mode may be used to visually set up a proper intercept point to the next VOR.

Note: When a localizer has been selected the EHSI automatically returns to sector mode displaying a standard VOR course pointer. When changing back to a VOR, the EHSI will then return back to map mode.

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Collins EFIS-86
Course Line Heading Bug

VOR / DME Station Presentation

Range Arc

Course Line Solid line is TO indication, dashed line is the FROM indication. Set the course with the course select knob as normal. VOR / DME Station Presentation VOR / DME station presentation with indent code. The symbol is displayed as an octagonal shaped symbol. If the VOR / DME station is off the scale the line is drawn with an arrow pointing towards the station and with the station ident drawn on the line. Heading Bug When the selected heading is outside the compass sector shown then the heading bug and figures will be drawn beside the scale. Range Arc The range arc is controlled by the mode selector knob position and indicates half of the selected distance.

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EHSI Map Mode Display with Second Course
If the second course button is pressed with the EHSI in map mode the second NAV source will also be displayed as a station presentation with ident code and course line.

Second Course VOR / DME Station Presentation

EADI Display with Map Mode Selected

VOR Deviation Symbol

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EHSI Map Mode Display with GPS Selected
The FFS Saab EFIS-86 is interfaced with the default Flight Simulator GPS system. The select switch on the DCP is used to switch between VOR and GPS systems. If a flight plan is loaded the waypoints will be displayed on the EHSI and the FD / AP will be able to follow the flight plan.
Select Switch

LRN1 Display

Waypoints

Current Waypoint

LRN1 Display LRN1 is displayed to indicate that the navigation source is Long Range Navigation, in this case GPS. Current Waypoint Indicates the current waypoint on the flight plan. Waypoints

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Collins EFIS-86
The flight plan waypoints will be displayed as a star shaped symbol with the number drawn beside it. The waypoint will flash briefly as each one is transitioned.

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Collins EFIS-86
Multifunction Display
The Multifunction Display (MFD) is located on the main instrument panel. The MFD can display navigation information or pages of information.

Power Push Button Navigation Push Button Page Push Button

Intensity Knob

Line Select Push Buttons

Emergency Push Button Joystick Line Reverse Push Button

Line Advance Push Button Recall Push Button Skip Push Button

Clear Push Button

Power Push Button Turns MFD on or off provided power is available. If you are not using the MFD switching it off may increase the performance of Flight Simulator. The MFD will remember the current settings if switched on and off during a flight. Navigation Push Button Enables navigation information to be displayed. (NAV mode) Page Push Button Enables presentation of pages of information, typically used for check lists. (PAGE mode) Emergency Push Button Enables presentation of page of information, typically used for emergency check lists. (PAGE mode) Line Reverse Push Button Moves the cursor up the lines when in PAGE mode. Increases map range in NAV mode.

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Collins EFIS-86
Intensity Knob Controls the brightness of the MFD display. Line Select Push Buttons In PAGE mode these buttons select the chapter displayed adjacent to the push button. Used to display and select from a list of available navigation aids when in NAV mode. Joystick Used to scroll the pages within the selected chapter in PAGE mode by moving up or down. Left and right will scroll the chapters when in PAGE mode. Clear Push Button Resets all lines of information to unconfirmed when in PAGE mode. Line Advance Push Button Moves the cursor down the lines in PAGE mode in order to confirm the information that has been given. Decreases map range in NAV mode. Recall Push Button Recalls and displays the first page in the selected chapter with a skipped line, the next push recalls the next skipped line. Skip Push Button If a line has to be skipped in PAGE mode, the skip push button moves the cursor down to the next line with confirming the previous line.

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Collins EFIS-86
MFD NAV Mode Display
The MFD NAV mode display looks similar to map mode on the EHSI.
Course Presentation Enter NAVAID select menu

Adjust range displayed

Course Presentation Displays the currently set course and the ident of the selected navigation source.

MFD NAVAID Select Menu


Return to NAV mode Select navigation aids to be shown

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Collins EFIS-86
MFD NAV Mode Display with Second Course (VOR 1 and VOR 2)

MFD NAV Mode Display with LRN (GPS)

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Collins EFIS-86
MFD PAGE Mode
PAGE mode is used to display chapters and pages of information, typically used for displaying checklists. Each page contains 10 lines of information each displaying 30 characters. On the real MFD only 20 characters per line is displayed, FFS chose to allow more to be displayed to aid with creating useful checklists. Clicking on the MFD will bring up the MFD popup making it easier to read pages of information. The FFS MFD has been preloaded with checklists for all stages of flight but it is also possible to define your own chapters.
Press to enter PAGE mode Choose a chapter with line select buttons

Chapter Titles

Use to scroll through list of chapters

Pressing the PGE push button will enter PAGE mode. Up to four chapter titles will be shown along side each line select button. Choose a chapter by pressing the respective button. The joystick will scroll through the list of available chapters. After selecting a chapter a page of information will be displayed. A page consists of up to 10 lines of 30 characters each. The MFD is designed to be used for stepping through checklists and uses a color coding system for the lines. Lines that have been confirmed are shown in green; yellow is used for lines that have been skipped and the current line being considered is shown in blue.

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Collins EFIS-86

Confirm current line and move to the next

Skip the current line without confirming

Move cursor up without confirming

Scroll pages within the current chapter

Recalls first page in current chapter with a skipped line

Resets all lines in the current chapter to yellow

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TCAS TCAS
The FFS Saab 340 features a full implementation of the Traffic Collision Avoidance System (TCAS). Traffic advice and resolution information is displayed on the Collins TA/RA/VSI indicator. The TCAS displays any other TCAS equipped aircraft within a range selected by the pilot using the range button. The choice of ranges is 6 or 12nm. If another aircraft appears to be a potential collision threat then a Traffic Advisory (TA) is issued. The TA warns the pilot that another aircraft is in close vicinity. An aural alert of traffic, traffic will be given. If the situation worsens an audio and visual warning, called a Resolution Advisory (RA) will be given. This will indicate the incoming aircraft and give instructions on the action that should be taken. This may suggest the pilot changes course by announcing descend, descend or climb, climb (corrective resolution). Alternatively the pilot may be instructed to maintain their current course (preventive resolution). Once the threat has passed the system announces clear of conflict.

TCAS Control Unit

Mode Selector

TCAS Self Test Button

Mode Selector STBY - Standby mode. AUTO - TCAS will give traffic and resolution advice. TA ONLY - TCAS will give traffic advice only. TCAS Self Test Button Press and hold to self test the TCAS. This suspends normal operation and should not be done in the air.

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TCAS
Collins TA/RA/VSI indicator
Status Indicator Vertical Speed Indicator

Range Ring

Own Aircraft Symbol

Mode Button

Range Button

Vertical Speed Indicator Indicates the current aircraft vertical speed from in feet per minute from +6000 to -6000. Range Ring Indicates 2nm range around the aircraft. Mode Button Toggles through mode settings, the mode settings control what traffic will be displayed. The modes are: Normal - No display in the status indicator area. Traffic will be shown if it is within 2500 feet of your current altitude. Above - ABV will be displayed in the status indicator area. Traffic will be shown if it is within -2500 feet and +9900 feet of your current altitude. Below - BLW will be displayed in the status indicator area. Traffic will be shown if it is within -9900 feet and +2500 feet of your current altitude. Status Indicator Own Aircraft Symbol Displayed in white showing position of own aircraft relative to the traffic. Range Button Press to change the range between 6 and 12nm.

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TCAS
TCAS Showing Other Traffic

Other traffic within the range and height selected is shown as an open diamond. This traffic is not yet considered a threat.

TCAS Showing Proximate Traffic

Traffic within 1200 and 6nm of own aircraft is shown with a solid blue diamond.

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TCAS

Here proximate traffic is shown with a solid blue diamond. The number underneath the symbol shows the relative altitude of the aircraft. The arrow indicates if the traffic is climbing or descending.

TCAS Showing Intruder Aircraft

Here the intruder aircraft is shown with a solid yellow circle. A TA will be issued for this aircraft.

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TCAS
TCAS Showing Threat Aircraft

Here the threat aircraft is shown with a solid red square. A RA will be issued for this aircraft. The red arc displayed is the do not enter range if the current vertical speed is outside of the arc (preventive resolution); exit range if the vertical speed is within the arc (corrective resolution). The green arc is the recommended vertical speed to resolve the corrective resolution advisory. This example shows that the current climb rate should be increased to between 1500 and 2250 feet per min.

This example shows how the current vertical speed should be maintained to avoid the traffic.

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Electrical System Electrical System


The FFS Saab 340 features a full simulation of the Saab 340 electrical system. Gregg please think of some nice way of saying that this system is too complex to describe in the handbook, if you have any questions ask in the forum and we will explain! If I tried to document the whole system it would take forever!

The system is comprised of four main parts: A 28V DC system powered from two engine driven generators, from two batteries or from an external power source. This system is split into a left and right system, each with one generator and one battery. An emergency power system powered from the 28V DC system or from an emergency power battery. A frequency controlled 115/26V AC 400Hz system, powered from the DC system through an inverter. A wild frequency AC system, powered from two engine driven generators and used for ice protection only. Distribution of DC power is through a left and right power distribution unit to the respective buses. The left and right power systems are tied together by a bus tie relay enabling a single battery or generator to supply both power systems. The emergency power system consists of the emergency power bus and the emergency avionic bus. The AC distribution system consists of left and right 115V AC and 26V AC inverter buses. The AC buses are normally powered by an inverter operated from the left main bus. The wild frequency AC is supplied from two generators, each driven by an engine propeller gearbox. The power is supplied to a left and right generator 115V AC bus. Either generator can supply all buses through the use of a load transfer relay.

Sources of Power
Batteries There are two nickel-cadmium batteries installed, each rated at 24V DC.

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Starter-Generators Normal system power is supplied from two 400 ampere starter-generators, one located on each engine accessory gearbox. The generator output is 28V DC. External Power An external power receptacle permits connection of 28V DC from a ground power unit when the aircraft is parked on the ground.

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Electrical System
AC/DC Panel
Inverter Light DC Amp / Volt Indicator

Inverter Switch

DC Amp /Volt Selector

Inverter Light Comes on if the selected inverter fails or the inverter switch is in the OFF position. Inverter Switch In position 1 or 2 the respective inverter supplies 115V AC to the left and right 115V inverter buses. 26V AC is also supplied to the left and right 26V inverter bus. DC Amp / Volt Indicator Indicates the voltage for the selected bus or source. If L or R GEN is selected the indicator also shows current load in amperes. DC Amp / Volt Selector Selects the bus or source to be displayed on the DC amp / volt indicator.

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Electrical System
DC Panel 1
L/R Avionic Switch ESS Avionic Switch

L/R Battery Hot Light

L/R ESS Bus Light

L/R Battery Light

Emergency Power Light

L/R Avionic Switch Provides power to the L/R avionics buses. These switches are the main ones used to provide power to the Saab 340 avionic systems. L/R Battery Hot Light Comes on when the battery is overheated (above 71C) to indicate that the battery has been disconnected L/R Battery Light Comes on when the battery is not connected to the respective bus. ESS Avionic Switch Provides power to the essential avionics bus. L/R ESS Bus Light Comes on when the respective essential bus is not powered. Emergency Power Light Comes on when the emergency bus is not powered of if the emergency power supply voltage drops below 24V.

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Electrical System
DC Panel 2
L/R Battery Switch Bus Tie Connected Light

Bus Tie Switch

L/R Main Bus Light

L/R Gen Over Temp Light L/R Generator Light External Power On Light L/R Generator Switch External Power Switch

L/R Battery Switch Controls the relay connecting the battery to the respective buses. OVRD - Battery thermal switch is overridden and battery is connected (emergency use only). ON - Battery is connected if external power switch is off. OFF - Battery is disconnected. Bus Tie Switch Controls the bus tie relay for connecting the left and right generator buses. CONN - The bus tie relay is energized and the generator buses are connected. AUTO - The bus tie relay is energized with the batteries on and one or both generators not working. With both generators working the buses are not connected. SPILT - The bus tie relay is de-energized and the buses are not connected. L/R Generator Light Comes on when the generator is disconnected from the generator bus. L/R Generator Switch The generator switch controls the respective generator relay connecting the generator to the generator bus. OFF - The generator is disconnected from its bus.

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ON RESET - The generator is connected providing the engine is running and no failures are detected. - Used to reset the generator after having been switched off or tripped. You must reset the generator after starting the engines. After reset the generator will self test for approximately 10 seconds before coming online.

Bus Tie Connected Light Comes on when the left and right generator buses are connected. L/R Main Bus Light Comes on when the respective main bus is not powered. This will happen during engine start, when the generator bus is being powered by the battery or a generator has tripped. L/R Gen Over Temp Light Comes on when the generator is overheated (above 150C). External Power On Light Comes on indicating that external power is switched on. External Power Switch ON - External power will be connected if available connecting power to all buses. OFF - External power will be disconnected. This switch will automatically move to the OFF position if external power is not available or is disconnected. On the FFS Saab 340 ground grew will connect the external power source if your aircraft is stopped on the ground and the parking brake has been applied for 15 seconds. The external power available light on the ground status panel will indicate if external power is connected and ready to be used.

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Hydraulic System Lighting System


The lighting system on the FFS Saab 340 is designed to be operated through the overhead panel switches. This allows the lights to be connected to the correct electrical power supplies and for the instrument faces to be lit separately from the main panels. The use of the Flight Simulator L key to switch on all the lights has been disabled and the light switches on the light control panels must be used. The internal lighting consists of: Main panel lights. Instrument lights. Annunciator lighting control. Cabin signs control. The exterior lighting consists of: Landing lights. Taxi light. Navigation lights. Wing strobe lights. Wing inspection lights. Flashing beacons. Fin logo lights. The lighting control panels are located on the forward overhead panel.

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Hydraulic System

Center Internal Light Panel


Annunciator Bright/Dim Switch Panel Light Switch

Annunciator Bright/Dim Switch Controls the brightness of the annunciator lights. Panel Light Switch Controls the brightness of all the instrument panel backgrounds.

Left Internal Light Panel


Instrument Light Switch

Instrument Light Switch On the real aircraft this controls just the center panel and overhead panels. On the FFS Saab 340 this controls the brightness of the instrument faces on all the instruments. This switch can be operated independently of the main panel light switch allowing for night flying with just the instrument faces lit.

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Cabin Signs Panel
Seat Belt Switch No Smoking Switch

Seat Belt Switch Controls the cabin and lavatory seat belt signs. Hi chime tone is given in the cabin whenever the signs are switched OFF / ON or ON / OFF. No Smoking Switch. Controls the cabin and lavatory no smoking signs.

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Hydraulic System
Exterior Light Panel
Navigation Light Switch Beacon Light Switch Strobe Light Switch Logo Light Switch

Landing Light Switch

Taxi Light Switch

Wing Inspection Light Switch

Navigation Light Switch Controls the navigation lights mounted on the wing and tail. Beacon Light Switch Controls the flashing beacon lights mounted on the top and bottom of the fuselage. Strobe Light Switch Controls the wing strobe lights. Logo Light Switch Controls the fin logo lights. Landing Light Switch Controls the landing lights. On the FFS Saab 340 the left and right landing light switches are tied and will move together. Taxi Light Switch Controls the taxi light. Wing Inspection Light Switch Controls the wing inspection lights.

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Hydraulic System Hydraulic System


The FFS Saab 340 has a partial simulation of the full hydraulic system on the real Saab 340. Due to limitations imposed by Flight Simulator some systems are not active. Hydraulic power is used on the Saab 340 to operate the following systems: Flaps Landing gear Brakes Nose wheel steering Propeller brake (not active)

An electrically driven pump supplies hydraulic pressure to four accumulators. The electrical pump is controlled from a switch in the cockpit on the hydraulic control panel. It is normal for the pump switch to be in the AUTO position allowing the pump to come on and off as required. The hydraulic accumulators are linked together and low pressure in one or both brake accumulators always results in low pressure in the main accumulator. Low pressure in the main or emergency accumulator will cause a caution light on the central warning panel to come on along with a master caution. Once the pressure falls below 1650 PSI the hydraulic pressure will drop very quickly to zero. If the pressure drops too low a hydraulic system failure will occur in Flight Simulator causing the flaps, gear and brakes to stop functioning until pressure is restored.

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Hydraulic System
Hydraulic Control Panel
Hydraulic Pump Switch Hydraulic Quantity Indicator

Hydraulic Pressure Indicator Main and Emergency

Hydraulic Pressure Indicator - Brakes

Hydraulic Pump Switch This switch controls the operation of the electrical hydraulic pump. OVRD AUTO - The pump runs continuously. OVRD mode is powered from the left essential electrical bus. The pump will operate if the main pressure falls below 2100 PSI and until the pressure reaches 2900 PSI, or when the landing gear is being operated. AUTO mode requires that the left main electrical bus be powered. No electrical power to the pump.

OFF

Hydraulic Pressure Indicator Main and Emergency Indicates the hydraulic pressure in the main and emergency system. Hydraulic Quantity Indicator Indicates fluid quantity in the main reservoir. Hydraulic Pressure Indicator Brakes Indicates the hydraulic pressure in the braking system.

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Air Conditioning And Pressurization System Air Conditioning and Pressurization System
Pneumatic power is used to operate the air conditioning and pressurization systems. The engines supply high and low pressure bleed air to the pneumatic system. Low pressure bleed air is normally used; high pressure bleed air is automatically supplied whenever the low pressure bleed is insufficient to maintain pneumatic pressure. Air conditioning Air conditioning is provided located underneath the cabin floor in the wing fairing. The temperature of the outgoing air is either automatically or manually controlled from the cockpit. The two systems are connected by a cross valve that may be opened on the ground. Pressurization The cabin is pressurized by the two air conditioning systems. The system is so designed that it is sufficient with one pack for pressurization up to 31,000 ft. The cabin pressure is automatically controlled by a pressurization controller.

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Air Conditioning And Pressurization System

Air Conditioning Panel


L/R Duct Over Temp Light Cabin Temp Indicator

Temperature Control Knob Temperature Indicator Switch

L/R Temperature Select Switch

L/R Recirculation Lights L/R Recirculation Switch L/R Bleed Air Leak Light

L/R Duct Over Temp Light Comes on together with a master caution if an over temperature condition is detected. Temperature Control Knob Used to set the desired compartment temperature when the system is in auto. Temperature range is 18C to 29C. L/R Temperature Select Switch Used to select automatic or manual control of temperature in the respective compartments. AUTO - Temperature is automatically regulated at the level selected with the temperature control knob. HOT / COLD - Spring loaded positions where the temperature control valve moves in the desired direction. Only to be used if the automatic system fails. Cabin Temp Indicator

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Air Conditioning And Pressurization System


Displays the cabin temperature in C. Temperature Indicator Switch Used to select either cabin or left duct temperature to be displayed on the temperature indicator. L/R Recirculation Lights Comes on if the recirculation fan is running at below 80% of normal speed. L/R Bleed Air Leak Lights Comes on if a leak is detected in the bleed air system.

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Air Conditioning And Pressurization System


Air Conditioning Panel (Pneumatics)

L/R Bleed Fault Light

Cross Valve Light

L/R Bleed Closed Light

Cross Valve Switch

L/R Bleed Valve Switch

L/R High Light L/R HP Valve Switch

L/R Bleed Fault Light Will come on if: Bleed air temperature is too high. The regulated pressure is too high. The bleed valve is not closed after a close signal. It is quite normal for this light to come on after closing the bleed valves as they take a short time to close. L/R Bleed Closed Light Comes on when the bleed valve is closed. L/R HP Valve Switch RESET - Used to reset a closed valve if a close signal is no longer present. AUTO - Opens and closes the valves according to high pressure bleed demand. CLOSED - Valve is closed. Cross Valve Light Comes on when the close valve is open. Cross Valve Switch

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Air Conditioning And Pressurization System


OPEN CLOSED - Valve closed, aircraft must be on the ground and one bleed valve must be closed. - Valve is closed.

L/R High Light Will come on if the HP valve fails to close after a close signal.

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Air Conditioning And Pressurization System


Cabin Pressure Control and Indication Panel
The cabin pressure control and indication panel allows for monitoring of the cabin pressurization system operation. It is located on the forward center pedestal. This system is automatic in operation. Before takeoff the landing airfield altitude and barometric pressure should be set using the control knobs. The system should be monitored for correct operation using the cabin altitude and differential pressure displays.
Cabin Altitude Indicator Cabin Differential Pressure Indicator

Cabin Rate Set Knob

Cabin Rate Indicator

Landing Altitude

Altitude Set Knob

Barometric Set Knob

Cabin Altitude Indicator Displays cabin altitude in feet. In the cabin altitude goes above 10,000 feet a master warning will be raised. Cabin Rate Set Knob Used to adjust cabin vertical speeds. Landing Altitude Displays the landing altitude as set by the altitude and barometric set knobs. Altitude Set Knob Used to set landing airfield altitude. Cabin Differential Pressure Indicator Displays cabin differential pressure in PSI. A negative value is show using c.0. If the differential pressure exceeds 7.5 PSI a master warning will be raised. Cabin Rate Indicator

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Air Conditioning And Pressurization System


Displays cabin vertical speed in ft/min. Barometric Set Knob Used to set landing airfield barometric pressure in millibars.

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Emergency Equipment Emergency Equipment


The FFS Saab 340 includes some of the emergency equipment fitted to the real aircraft. Due to the limitations of Flight Simulator some of this equipment is simulated and does not affect the aircraft.

Cargo Fire Extinguisher Panel


Cargo Extinguisher Low Pressure Light

Cargo Extinguisher Switch

Cargo Extinguisher Low Pressure Light Comes on when the pressure in the extinguisher bottle goes below the present minimum. Cargo Extinguisher Switch When set to ON the explosive cartridge is fired and the agent is discharged into the cargo compartment. The cargo fire extinguisher panel has no effect within Flight Simulator.

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Emergency Equipment
L/R Engine Fire Extinguisher Panel
L/R Engine Fire Handle Fire Extinguisher Discharge Switch

L/R Engine Fire Handle Pull this handle to simulate an engine fire. When the handle is pulled the following will happen: Engine fuel shutoff valve is closed Engine bleed air valves are closed Generator is disconnected

Fire Extinguisher Discharge Switch After pulling the engine fire handle this switch is moved from the OFF position to discharge the main extinguisher bottle into the engine. This switch is not connected in Flight Simulator.

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Emergency Equipment
Emergency Panel
ELT Remove Switch Emergency Light Switch

Pressure Dump Switch

ELT Remove Switch Not active. Emergency Light Switch ON - The emergency lights come on. ARMED - The emergency lighting system is armed. OFF - The emergency lights go out. This switch should be OFF during engine start, be set to ARMED after engine start and set to OFF prior to shutdown. Failure to arm the emergency lights will result in the EMER LTS UN ARMED caption being illuminated. Pressure Dump Switch Moves the cabin pressure outflow valve to fully open, causing all cabin pressure to be lost.

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Ice and Rain Protection Ice and Rain Protection


The Saab 340 is fully equipped for all weather operations. The ice and rain protection system is divided into: Wing and stabilizer (boot) de-icing. (Not active in Flight Simulator) Engine anti-icing. Propeller de-icing. Windshield heating. (Not active in Flight Simulator) Windshield wipers Pitot tubes, OAT and angle of attack sensor heating. (Part active in Flight Simulator) Engine bleed air and electrical power, mainly from the 115V AC wild frequency system is used for ice and rain protection. Bleed air is used for the wing and stabilizer inflatable boots. Electrical power is used for the remainder of the ice and rain protection systems.

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Ice and Rain Protection


Ice Protection Panel
Probe Heat Lights Standby Pitot Light

Standby Pitot Switch L/R Side/Front Windshield Heating Lights

L/R Front Windshield Heating Switches L/R Propeller De-Ice Light

L/R Propeller De-Ice Switch

Probe Heat Lights A light will come on when power is lost to the respective probe. L/R Side/Front Windshield Heating Lights Will come on when an overheat or controller failure occurs. L/R Front Windshield Heating Switches Regulated power is applied to the front windshield when set to ON. Standby Pitot Light Will come on when power is lost to the standby pitot tube. Standby Pitot Switch When selected to ON the standby pitot tube is powered. In Flight Simulator this switch is connected to the main pitot heat control and should be switched on when flying. L/R Propeller De-Ice Light Will come on when a fault is detected in an activated system.

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Ice and Rain Protection


L/R Propeller De-Ice Switch When set to ON a timer initiates heating cycles for each pair of propeller blades and illuminates the propeller de-ice light on the flight status panel. Heating cycles: NORM MAX - Power on for 11 seconds, power off for 79 seconds. - Power on for 90 seconds, power off for 90 seconds.

In Flight Simulator these switches are connected to the propeller de-ice control; however both left and right propeller de-ice will always be active if either system is active.

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Ice and Rain Protection


Engine Anti-Ice Panel
L/R Air Light L/R Engine AntiIce Switch

L/R Intake Light

L/R AC Generator Switch

L/R AC Generator Light

L/R Engine Anti-Ice Switch Controls both electrical and bleed air sections of the engine anti-ice system and illuminates the ENG ANTI-ICE light in the flight status panel. L/R AC Generator Switch Controls the AC generator power supply. ON - AC generator on line, automatic power transfer from the other side in case of generator failure. LOAD XFR - Power transfer from the other side, intake heat supplied by own generator. OFF/R - Off reset position, power transfer from the other side, no intake heat. L/R Air Light Will come on if there is a failure in the engine anti-ice system. L/R Intake Light Will come on if there is a failure in the engine duct electrical anti-icing systems. L/R AC Generator Light Will come on if the generator fails.

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Ice and Rain Protection


Stabilizer and Wing Anti-Ice Panel
Timer Light Boot Indication Lights Manual De-Ice Buttons

De-Ice Over Temp Light

Auto Cycling Switch

Air Supply Switch Boot Indication Switch

Boot Indication Lights Will come on whenever the respective boot system is pressurized and the boot indication switch is on. Manual De-Ice Buttons Overrides the timer function and keeps respective de-ice valve open as long as the button is pressed. De-Ice Over Temp Light Will come on together will a master caution if an overheat condition is detected. Air Supply Switch Controls the air supply to the system, ON - shutoff valves open. OFF - shutoff valves closed. Timer Light Will come on if a failure occurs in the boot system. Auto Cycling Switch Activates the timer to give a cycle of boot inflation in the following order: Stabilizer Outboard wing Inboard wing

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Ice and Rain Protection


Stabilizer

Boot Indication Switch When in the OFF position the boot indication light system is deactivated.

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Warning Systems Warning Systems


Warning Annunciator System
The Warning Annunciator System (WAS) monitors various parameters in the aircraft and triggers appropriate warnings and cautions when certain thresholds are exceeded. Both visual and aural alerts are used to inform the crew. Master warnings and master cautions are indicated by associated lights on the glare shield panel in front of each pilot and on the Central Warning Panel (CWP). A master warning is indicated by a red warning light and means that immediate action is required from the crew. A master caution is indicated by an amber light and means that corrective action or close attention is required.

Master Warning
The master warning lights on the glareshield panel and the triple chime aural alert will come on together whenever one or more of the red warning annunciator lights on the CWP comes on. These lights come on due to an aircraft system malfunction. The master warning can be turned off and the system reset by pressing either master warning button light. After resetting, the system is ready to respond again to any further malfunction. The annunciator lights on the CWP will remain on until the fault is corrected.

Master Warning Button Light

Master Warning Button Light Comes on flashing whenever a master warning is raised. Left click to reset the warning.

Master Caution
The master caution light on the glareshield panel and the single chime will come on whenever one or more of the amber caution annunciator lights on the CWP comes on due to an aircraft system malfunction. The master caution can be turned off and the system reset by pressing the master caution button light.

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Warning Systems
Master Caution Button Light

Central Warning Panel


The top half of the lights on the Central Warning Panel (CWP) contains red warning annunciator lights. The lights in the bottom half are amber caution annunciator lights. Some caution lights include an arrow pointing in the direction where the indicators and the controls for the particular system are located.

Red Warning Lights

Amber Caution Lights

In this example we have a left engine fire, fuel, electrical and air conditioning system failures. This looks like the result of pulling the engine fire handle! The captions on the lights explain what system the failure has occurred in. A light with an up arrow indicates that you should look on a overhead panel, a down arrow means you should look on the center pedestal to find the problem.

Takeoff Inhibit
The takeoff inhibit mode is only for use during takeoff and is selected prior to takeoff. By pushing the takeoff inhibit button (T/O INH) located on the centre instrument panel, non essential warnings, not needed during the takeoff phases, are inhibited. A light in the
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Warning Systems
takeoff inhibit button will confirm the selection; pressing the button a second time will reset the system. An automatic reset will occur when the landing gear is retracted or when Ground Operation is selected. If any of the inhibited warnings and cautions are received by the warning unit during takeoff inhibit mode they will subsequently come on when takeoff inhibit mode is reset.

Here the system is shown in takeoff inhibit mode with the takeoff inhibit button on the center panel illuminated. Take off inhibit mode will inhibit all warning and cautions except for those listed below: L/R ENGINE FIRE CONFIG SMOKE L/R TAILPIPE HOT L/R OIL PRESS STALL WARNING PARK BRAKE GUST LOCK CABIN PRESS AUTO COARSEN

Ground Operation
The ground operation mode is only available on the ground and will minimize the nuisance effect of various cautions for ground handling and prior to takeoff. Ground Operation (GND OP) mode will inhibit many cautionary alerts. Other alerts will only appear on the CWP in steady state. The ground operation push button is located on the center instrument panel below the takeoff inhibit button. A light in the button will confirm the selection; pressing the button a second time will reset the system. An automatic reset will occur when the landing gear is retracted or when takeoff inhibit is selected. Ground operation mode comes on automatically when power is switched on.

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Warning Systems
During engine start the warning system reverts from GND OP to T/O INH and back to GND OP due to power changes during engine start.

Here the system is shown in ground operation mode with the ground operation button on the center panel illuminated. Ground operation mode will inhibit all cautions and master caution lights except for those listed below: L/R BLEED FAULT L/R BLEED AIR LEAK L/R DUCT OV TEMP L/R GEN OV TEMP L/R BAT HOT NO BAT START L/R FUEL LOW TEMP L/R CHIP DET L/R FUEL FILTER DE-ICE OV TEMP TIMER L/R FIRE DET FAIL FLAPS OXYGEN PRESS GUST LOCK PITCH TRIM ALT ALERT HYDRAULIC OVERSPEED WARN

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Warning Systems
Flight Status Panel
Strictly speaking the flight status panel is not part of the warning system but this section is a logical place to describe its function. The flight status panel indicates the status of various engine related systems.

FI Stop Lights

L/R Beta Light

L/R Prop DeIce Lights L/R Engine AntiIce Lights L/R APR Lights

L/R Ignition Lights

Autocoarsen High / Low Lights

FI Stop Lights FI stop light indicates that the flight idle stop is removed so you can move the power lever below flight idle. (Flight idle stop is not simulated in the FFS Saab 340). FI stop open light would indicate that the flight idle stop is in an abnormal position. L/R Prop De-Ice Lights Will come on when the system is working and will go out in case of system failure. L/R APR Lights Comes on when the power lever is set to greater than 64 degrees PLA and the CTOT switch is set to APR. L/R Ignition Lights Comes on during engine start with IGN switch in NORM. L/R Beta Lights Indicates that the propeller is in beta mode. L/R Engine Anti-Ice Lights Will come on whenever the engine anti-ice switch is turned on. Autocoarsen High / Low Lights

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The autocoarsen low light comes on when AUTOCOARSEN switch is ON, one or both power levers below 64 degrees PLA and both Ng above 55%. The autocoarsen high light comes on when AUTOCOARSEN switch is ON, both power levers above 64 degrees PLA and torque on both engines above 50%.

Central Warning Panel Annunciators


Annunciator Cause Active in this version

Fire is detected in the associated engine compartment.

Smoke is detected in the avionics rack area.

Smoke is detected in the lavatory area.

The associated propeller gearbox or engine oil pressure is low.

Smoke is detected in the cargo area.

Cabin pressure has differential has exceeded 7.5 PSI or cabin altitude is above 10,000 feet. Excessive temperature is detected in the associated tailpipe area.

The propeller brake system has faulted.

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Automatic trim has failed.

The airplane is not in proper configuration for takeoff or landing. The auto coarsen computer has failed.

The pitch trim synchronizer has failed.

Fault is in the rudder limiter system.

The associated fire detection system has failed.

An annunciator is illuminated on the overhead fuel annunciator panel. An annunciator is illuminated on the overhead electrical annunciator panel. An annunciator is illuminated on the overhead ice protection annunciator panel. An annunciator is illuminated on the overhead engine annunciator panel. Electrical malfunction in the flap system has occurred.

9 9 9 9

An annunciator is illuminated on the overhead air conditioning annunciator panel.

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The parking brake valve has trapped proper pressure and the parking brake is on. Hydraulic pressure is low.

9 9 9

The cockpit emergency light switch is in the OFF position.

The oxygen system has less than 800 PSI.

Gear is down and the antiskid system has failed or is turned off.

Indication warns of avionics comparator malfunction.

Avionics vent fan has failed.

An annunciator is illuminated on the overhead doors annunciator panel. The associated stall warning system has failed.

Rudder gust lock did not disengage when released.

The stick pusher system has failed.

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Warning Systems
Ground Proximity Warning System
The Ground Proximity Warning System (GPWS) is designed to activate visual and aural warnings to alert the crew when the airplane is approaching the ground in one of several dangerous configurations. The invention of GPWS is credited to a Canadian engineer called Don Bateman in the late 1960s after a series of controlled flight into terrain accidents killed hundreds of people. The GPWS triggers the following warnings: Visual warnings including illumination of TERRAIN and BELOW G/S-INHIBIT annunciators. Aural warnings comprised of tones and / or a synthetic voice which is heard over the cockpit headsets and speakers. The TERRAIN and BELOW G/S-INHIBIT annunciators are located on each side of the glare shield. The GPWS computer processes the inputs and determines which of 6 warning modes are enabled and if any warning envelopes are being penetrated. When the airplane operation deviates into a dangerous condition visual and aural warnings are generated as shown below.

GPWS Button Lights


The GPWS buttonlights are mounted on each glareshield panel.
Terrain Warning Buttonlight Below G/S Inhibit Buttonlight

Terrain Warning Button Light Comes on together with aural warning if any of mode 1-4 becomes active. Press this button to activate the GPWS aural warning and to test the TERRAIN and BELOW G/S INHIBIT buttonlights. Below G/S Inhibit Button Light Comes on together with aural warning if aircraft descends more than 1.3 dots below glideslope. For planned descent below glideslope press the buttonlight to inhibit the mode.

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Warning Systems
GPWS Mode 1 Excessive Barometric Sink Rate
A mode 1 warning is generated if the airplanes vertical speed is excessive with respect to the height above the terrain. Mode 1 is independent of flap and landing gear position and functions when the radio height exceeds 50 feet. At a radio height between 1180 and 2450 feet with a sink rate between 2800 and 5000 fpm, this warning will start approximately 30 seconds before predicted impact. At a radio height below 1180 feet and at a vertical speed of 2800 fpm less warning time will be given.

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GPWS Mode 2 Excessive Terrain Closure Rate
This mode warns for level flight or too shallow climb rates towards rising terrain. It combines the outputs of radio height, flap / gear logic and rate of descent in order to warn for unsafe terrain closure. This mode has two warning envelopes, on penetration of the first envelope the warning Terrain, Terrain will be issued. If the condition is not corrected then Whoop Whoop, Pull Up will sound. When corrective action has been taken the warning will change to Terrain until the aircraft gains 300 feet radio altitude from where the warning started.

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Warning Systems
GPWS Mode 3 Loss of Altitude After Takeoff
Mode 3 warns for unintentional loss of altitude after takeoff. The mode is enabled between 65 and 700 feet radio height and monitors barometric altitude losss. On penetration of the envelope the aural warning Dont Sink sounds and is repeated every 0.75 seconds until the aircraft gains a positive rate of climb again.

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Warning Systems
GPWS Mode 4A Inadvertent Proximity to Terrain Gear Up
This mode warns either for proximity to terrain outside the approach area or the aircraft not being in landing configuration during approach.

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Warning Systems
GPWS Mode 4A Inadvertent Proximity to Terrain Gear Down
This mode warns either for proximity to terrain outside the approach area or the flaps not being in landing position (20 or 35 degrees) during approach.

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Warning Systems
GPWS Mode 5 Descent Below Glideslope
This mode warns for unintentional deviation below the ILS glideslope. The mode becomes enabled when an ILS frequency is selected, the gear is down and between 50 and 1000 feet radio height. To allow descent below glideslope mode 5 can be inhibited when the radio height is between 50 and 1000 feet by pressing the BELOW G/S INHIBIT buttonlight.

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Normal Operating Procedures Normal Operating Procedures


The following procedures have been modified from actual procedures to be suitable for use in Flight Simulator. They also serve as a very useful guide on how to correctly start the FFS Saab 340 from a cold cockpit.

Pre-start
1. 2. 3. EMERGENCY & SAFETY EQUIPMENT.............................................. CHKD DOCUMENTS ....................................................................................ON BOARD BATTERIES ......................................................................................... ON/CHKD Switch on left battery. Check BUS-TIE to be green and voltage min 24V. Switch on right battery and switch off left battery. Check BUS-TIE remains on and voltage min 24V. Switch on left battery. 4. 5. EXTERNAL POWER.......................................................................... ON/CHKD Check EXT PWR AVAIL blue light to be on. Check EXT PWR voltage to indicate between 28-29.5V. Set EXT PWR switch to on. Check EXT PWR ON white light to come on. Check EXT PWR voltage to indicate between 28-29.5V. INVERTERS......................................................................................... 1 or 2 / ON Select 1 or 2. 6. AVIONICS ......................................................................................................... ON Set all 3 avionic switches to on.

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7. OVERHEAD SWITCHES...............................................................................SET

Follow a flow pattern starting at the upper left hand corner, going top to bottom for each column. Column 1: CARGO FIRE EXTG switch off and safe tied. BOOT IND switch on. INT LIGHT controllers to be set as required. All guarded switches in guarded position and all unguarded switches in off position. Column 2: FIRE HANDLE in and safe tied. FIRE EXTG switch off and safe tied. IGN switches in off position. INT LIGHT controllers to be set as required. EXT LIGHT switches as required. All guarded switches in guarded position and all unguarded switches in off position. Column 3: FIRE HANDLE in and safe tied. FIRE EXTG switch off and safe tied. Inverter, avionic & battery switches as before. NO SMOKING SIGN switch on. All guarded switches in guarded position and all unguarded switches in off position. Column 4: TEMP SELECT switches to auto. EMERGENCY LIGHT switch off. All guarded switches in guarded position and all unguarded switches in off position. 8. FIRE HANDLES & SWITCHES .............................................................. CHKD Check both handles to be in and safe tied. Check all 3 extinguisher switches to be off and safe tied. 9. POWER LEVERS ................................................................................GND IDLE

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10. 11. CONDITION LEVERS .......................................................................FUEL OFF CTOT................................................................................................................ OFF Check CTOT switch to be off. 12. FLAP HANDLE & INDICATION .......................................................UP ZERO Check flap handle to be in up position. Check flap indication for both flaps to indicate 0. 13. GEAR HANDLE & LIGHTS ...................................................... DOWN/CHKD Check 3 green lights to be on. 14. 15. NAV & LOGO LIGHTS...........................................................................AS REQ CABIN PRESSURE ............................................................................CHKD/SET Check rate controller R at index. Check altitude controller A to destination field elevation. Set barometric controller B to actual QNH. 16. 17. 18. 19. FUEL USED................................................................................................ RESET TRANSPONDER & TCAS...........................................................................STBY LOOSE OBJECTS ............................................................................... SECURED HYDRAULIC .............................................................................................. CHKD Check HYDR PUMP switch to be guarded in AUTO. Check ANTISKID switch on. Check pressure and quantity within green arcs. 20. FLIGHT IDLE STOP ................................................................................. CHKD Check Flight idle stop blue light to be on.

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21. IGNITION & ENGINE INSTRUMENTS ................................................ CHKD

Check: Ignition switches are OFF. TRQ......................... 0. ITT........................... actual value. NG........................... 0. Engine oil press...... 0. Engine oil temp....... actual value. FUEL FLOW........... 0. NP............................ 0. Prop oil press.......... 0. Prop oil temp........... actual value. 22. BLEED & HP VALVES .........................................................................CLOSED Check L and R BLEED and HP VALVE switches to be in closed position. 23. 24. TAKEOFF BRIEFING .................................................................... REVIEWED PF reviews the takeoff briefing. State clearly who is acting as PF and PNF. Check takeoff data (wind, actual RWY and takeoff position). State takeoff method. Check climb-out procedure. Memorize ENG FAIL procedure. FUEL QUANTITY...................................................................................... CHKD Both pilots check fuel quantity and compare with figures on the flight plan. Maximum allowable fuel unbalance is 200lbs 25. CABIN SIGNS ................................................................................................... ON

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Ready To Start Engines
1. TRIM SETTING ..............................................................................................SET Set trims for takeoff. (Aileron trims to wings level, yaw trim 1 units to the right, pitch trim reset and set according to pitch trim diagram). 2. POWER & SPEED BUGS................................................................CHKD / SET Both pilots check takeoff weight is within limit for actual RWY. Right pilot set required torque value on the CTOT panel. Left pilot crosscheck the CTOT value. 3. DOORS & STATUS .................................................................................... CHKD Both pilots check all door caution lights to be off, and fuelling blue light to be out. 4. AVIONICS ....................................................................................................... OFF Set L and R avionic switches to off. 5. PARKING BRAKE ..................................................................................... CHKD Check brake pressure to be in green band. 6. 7. ROTATING BEACON ..................................................................................... ON START RIGHT ENGINE.......................................................................................

Check: That clear signal is given from ground observer. That right prop is free. Right C/L to be in position FUEL OFF. BUS TIE green light to be on. Voltage to indicate normal readings. Right bleed valve reset auto. Right ignition switch to be in off position. Caution light NO BAT START to be out.

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Engage and hold the start switch in position right. Proceed when ITT is below 150C and NG no longer increases. Move right C/L to START, check carefully that CL is in detent position. Move right ignition switch to position NORM and within 2 seconds after fuel is on, release start switch and put hand on right C/L.

Check: ITT rise within 20 seconds from fuel on. Right engines Ng, fuel flow and ITT to increase. ITT not to exceed 965C. Right ENG OIL PRESS to increase. Right PROP OIL PRESS to increase or oil warning on CWP to go out. Check lights to be out on the ENGINE and FUEL PANELS. Check the BUS TIE CONN green light to be on. Reset right generator. (Max 2 attempts if EXT PWR not in use.) 8. START LEFT ENGINE .........................................................................................

Check: That clear signal is given from ground observer. That left prop is free. Left C/L to be in position FUEL OFF BUS TIE green light to be on. Voltage to indicate normal readings Left bleed valve reset auto Left ignition switch to be in off position Caution light NO BAT START to be out. Engage and hold the start switch in position left. Proceed when ITT is below 150C and NG no longer increases. Move left C/L to START, check carefully that CL is in detent position. Move left ignition switch to position NORM and within 2 seconds after fuel is on, release start switch and put hand on left C/L.

Check: ITT rise within 20 seconds from fuel on. Left engines Ng, fuel flow and ITT to increase. ITT not to exceed 965C. Left ENG OIL PRESS to increase. Left PROP OIL PRESS to increase or oil warning on CWP to go out. Check lights to be out on the ENGINE and FUEL PANELS. Check the BUS TIE CONN green light to be on.

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Reset left generator. (Max 2 attempts if EXT PWR not in use.)

After Engine Start


1. AVIONICS ......................................................................................................... ON Set all 3 avionic switches on. 2. 3. STANDBY HORIZON................................................................................ CHKD EMERGENCY LIGHTS ......................................................................... ARMED Set the switch in armed and guarded position. 4. 5. 6. EFIS .............................................................................................................. CHKD HYDRAULIC PUMP....................................................................CHKD / AUTO CONDITION LEVERS .................................................................................MAX Check P/L in GND IDLE. Move C/L individually through the gate into MIN position and wait for PROP RPM to stabilize at approximately 1040 RPM. When both PROP RPM are stabilized, move both C/L to MAX. 7. GPWS TEST ............................................................................................. COMPL Push TERRAIN button and check: Both TERRAIN lights on. Both BELOW G/S lights on. Aural warning to be heard. 8. AIR CONDITIONING.....................................................................................SET Check bleed valve switches to be in AUTO. Set both RECIRC FAN switches to on. Check TEMP SELECT switches to be in AUTO.

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9. 10. ICE PROTECTION .........................................................................................SET Set STBY PITOT switch on. Set WINDSHIELD FRONT and SIDE window switches to on. Set ENGINE ANTI-ICE switches on, according to the weather situation. Check all caution lights to be out. OVERHEAD & CAUTION LIGHTS ...........................................................OUT Both pilots check all lights to be out on the overhead panel. Both pilots check all lights on the CWP to be out. 11. CABIN REPORT & CLEAR SIGNAL............................................ RECEIVED Check that number of passengers and seating restrictions corresponds to the load sheet. Check that clear signal from ground crew has been received. Do not start taxiing before cabin clear is received. 12. TAXI & WING LIGHTS.................................................................................. ON Set Taxi and Wing inspection lights on. 13. RIGHT SIDE .................................................................................................FREE Right pilot check outside and call out: Right side free.

Taxi
1. BRAKES....................................................................................................... CHKD During initial taxiing, apply brakes smoothly to verify the brake operation. 2. ALTIMETERS ..........................................................................................HPA/FT Both pilots set QNH on all 3 altimeters. Compare main altimeters with present elevation, max deviation is + - 60 ft.

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3. FLAPS ..................................................................................................SET/CHKD Move the flap handle into takeoff flap position. Check both indicator needles to show selected flap value. 4. NAV SOURCE & AP XFER ...........................................................................SET Set navigation source and autopilot X-FER to the PF side. Check that speed bug is set to V2 speed. 5. 6. 7. APA & NAV AIDS ...........................................................................................SET Set APA to cleared altitude / FL Both pilots to confirm set altitude / FL on APA. Set NAV-AIDS for climb out procedure and check ID signals. Check that L and R MSP are set to HDG and IAS. LP supervises and crosschecks the above. Set transponder code, and leave it in STBY mode. ELECTRONIC SPEED BUG.............................................................SET/CHKD SPEED / CLIMB OUT REVIEW .................................................... REVIEWED PF reviews V1 and V2 speeds, and set servo bug on V2 speed. PF reviews climb-out procedures, if applicable. 8. 9. CTOT TEST ............................................................................................. COMPL Left pilot check both P/L in GND IDLE. Right pilot set the CTOT switch to APR position for 3 seconds. Check TRQ and PROP RPM not to increase. Set CTOT switch to off. ENGINE INSTRUMENTS ......................................................................... CHKD Both pilots should check engine instruments for normal readings.

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10. FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS & COMPASSES ........................................... CHKD Check flight instruments for normal readings. Check that the difference between the attitude displayed on both EFIS EADI and STBY attitude indicator is 3 deg or less (bank and pitch) and heading on compass card is not slewing away from the aircraft heading. Set heading bug aligned with RWY. 11. 12. BLEED VALVES ......................................................................................AS REQ HP VALVES ............................................................................................CLOSED

Line Up
1. T/O SIGN TO CABIN................................................................................ GIVEN NO SMOKING sign to OFF, and after a short moment to ON in order to make 2 bongs. 2. 3. 4. FLIGHT CONTROLS ..................................................................................FREE AUTO COARSEN ............................................................................................. ON TRANSPONDER AND TCAS ........................................................................SET Switch transponder to ALT and TCAS to AUTO when entering RWY. 5. LANDING & STROBE LIGHTS .................................................................. ON Switch to on when entering RWY. 6. CWP & OVERHEAD LIGHTS ................................................................. CHKD Both pilots check all lights to be out on overhead panel. Both pilots check all lights on CWP to be out. 7. T/O INHIBIT ....................................................................................................SET Push T/O INHIBIT button and check the blue light to come on.

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Climb
1. LANDING GEAR............................................................................................... UP Select gear up and when gear is up and locked call out speed according to speed book. 2. FLAPS ................................................................................................................. UP Select flaps up if flaps were used for takeoff. 3. 4. T/O INHIBIT ...................................................................................................OUT CTOT................................................................................................................ OFF

When PF orders Climb Power PNF shall do following items: Slowly reduce CTOT knob setting to MIN. Set the CTOT switch to off position. Reset one bleed valve. Retard both C/L to set climb PRPM. Reset remaining bleed valve. Move both P/L to set initial climb power. When reading climb checklist PNF shall check that the CTOT switch is set to OFF 5. FLIGHT IDLE STOP (BLUE LIGHT).........................................................OUT Check that flight idle stop light is out. 6. BLEED & HP VALVES ..............................................................................AUTO Check that bleed valves are set to AUTO. Set HP valves to AUTO position. Check caution lights to be out.

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7. AUTO COARSEN ........................................................................................... OFF Set AUTO COARSEN switch to OFF. 8. CABIN PRESSURE .................................................................................... CHKD Check cabin pressure and rate of climb to be normal. 9. ALTIMETERS ............................................................................... SET/X-CHKD Leave STBY altimeter on QNH. Both pilots set main altimeter to 1013 HPA when cleared to FL or passing transition altitude. 10. ELECTRICAL, ENGINE, FUEL & HYDRAULIC ................................ CHKD Check generator load to be 25 - 125A with maximum of 100A difference between left and right generator. Check battery voltages to be close to 28V. Leave the electrical selector to L GEN position. Check engine, fuel and hydraulic instruments to be normal. 11. CABIN SIGNS. ..........................................................................................AS REQ Set SEATBELT SIGN as required depending on turbulence. 12. EXTERNAL LIGHTS ..............................................................................AS REQ Rotating beacon shall be on from engine start until engine shut down. Strobe lights shall not be used during ground operations. Switch on strobe lights when entering RWY for takeoff. In the air, switch it off if reflections are disturbing. Navigation lights must be on during darkness and can be off in daylight. Landing lights should be on at takeoff and landing. Taxi light should be on during ground operation. Wing lights should be on during ground operation. 13. CLIMB POWER ..............................................................................................SET Check and reset climb power according to the power setting table.

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Descent
1. APPROACH BRIEFING.................................................................. REVIEWED Check same date on IAL-charts. PF reviews the approach briefing. 2. NAV AIDS............................................................................................SET/CHKD Preset ILS frequency if applicable. Set NAV-AIDS as desired and check ID signals. Set DME hold as desired. 3. FUEL & BALANCE.................................................................................... CHKD Check that remaining fuel quantity is in accordance with company regulations. Max allowable fuel unbalance is 200lbs. 4. SPEED BUGS ......................................................................................CHKD/SET PNF check speed book for actual landing weight. LP set electronic speed-bug at VCLEAN. 5. CTOT...................................................................................................SET for G/A Set the CTOT knob to go-around power (normally 100%), to cover an engine out situation during pull up. 6. ICE PROTECTION ..................................................................................AS REQ Well in advance before entering icing conditions, set engine anti-ice on. Check all caution lights to be out.

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Approach
1. ALTIMETERS ..........................................................................................HPA/FT When cleared below TL, set both altimeters to landing field QNH. Compare altitude readings for all 3 altimeters. 2. CABIN PRESSURE .................................................................................... CHKD Check that landing field elevation is set. Set QNH for landing field. Check rate of descent to be normal. 3. CABIN SIGNS ................................................................................................... ON Switch SEATBELT and NO SMOKING signs to on, and make announcement according to company rules. 4. 5. 6. AUTO COARSEN ............................................................................................. ON EXTERNAL LIGHTS ..............................................................................AS REQ Navigation lights must be on during darkness. Rotating beacon always on. Strobe light on, except when reflections disturb. Landing lights as required. Taxi light should be on when landing gear is out. Wing lights as required. HYDRAULIC .............................................................................................. CHKD Check hydraulic pump switch in AUTO. Check that ANTI-SKID switch is on. Check pressure and quantity to be within green arcs. 7. BRAKE PRESSURE ................................................................................... CHKD Check outboard and inboard brake pressure to be within green band.

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8. LANDING SIGN TO CABIN.................................................................... GIVEN Set NO SMOKING switch to off, and after a short moment to on, in order to make 2 bongs. 9. HP VALVES ..............................................................................................AS REQ Select closed if not required for boot de-icing. 10. LANDING GEAR......................................................... DOWN THREE GREEN Both pilots check that all 3 landing gear lights are on. 11. APA.................................................................................................. SET FOR G/A During ILS-approach when A/P is captured on glideslope, set APA to highest goaround altitude. During NDB/VOR approach, APA may be used for pre-altitude guidance. 12. CONDITION LEVERS .................................................................................MAX Smoothly move C/L to max position. 13. 14. 15. LANDING FLAPS............................................................................................SET BOOT DE-ICE ............................................................................................... OFF YD/AP .............................................................................................. DISENGAGE PNF has to check that yaw damper and autopilot is disengaged before landing.

Go Around
1. 2. 3. 4. LANDING GEAR............................................................................................... UP FLAPS ................................................................................................................. UP CTOT............................................................................................................... .OFF BLEED & HP VALVES ..............................................................................AUTO

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5. INFO TO PAX ...........................................................................................AS REQ If time permits, brief the passengers of the reason of go-around and give them your intentions. 6. APPROACH BRIEFING.................................................................. REVIEWED PF gives the briefing of the new approach. 7. NAV AIDS............................................................................................SET/CHKD Set NAV-AIDS for the new approach. 8. SPEED BUGS ...................................................................................................SET Set Speed-bugs as for descent. 9. CTOT............................................................................................... SET FOR G/A

After Landing
1. CABIN DIFF PRESSURE ..............................................................CHKD/ZERO If cabin pressure is more than 0.2 PSI, dump pressure manually by using ground communication hatch. If the pressure is higher, use emergency press dump switch on overhead panel. 2. FLAPS UP ........................................................................................CHKD/ZERO Check flap indicator to show zero. 3. TRANSPONDER AND TCAS .....................................................................STBY Set transponder and TCAS selector to off, or standby. 4. ICE PROTECTION ..................................................................................AS REQ Switch off windshield and pitot anti icing. If there is icing conditions or slush, let engine anti-ice remain on until parking.

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5. 6. AUTO COARSEN ........................................................................................... OFF STROBE & LANDING LIGHTS ............................................................AS REQ

Daylight: Set strobe and landing lights to off when leaving RWY. Darkness: Set strobe light to off when leaving RWY. When suitable switch landing lights off. Taxi and wing lights shall always be left on.

Engine Shut Down


1. Left Engine ...............................................................................................................

At a suitable place after entering the apron: Move left C/L smoothly to position START. When the propeller is feathered, switch off: Left recirculation fan. Left bleed valve. Left generator. Left engine anti-ice. Check BUS TIE CONN light to come on. When no further need of left engine thrust: Set left engine anti-ice switch to off. Check that the propeller is fully feathered (Approx. 300 PRPM) and move C/L to fuel off. 2. Right Engine ............................................................................................................

When the aircraft is parked: Move right C/L smoothly to position START. When the propeller is feathered, switch off: Right recalculation fan. Right bleed valve. EMERGENCY LIGHT. Right generator.

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Right engine anti-ice. Check that propeller is fully feathered (approx. 300 PRPM) and move C/L to fuel off.

Parking
1. TAXI & WING LIGHTS................................................................................ OFF Normally LP sets taxi & wing inspection lights to off when entering parking area. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. PARKING BRAKE .............................................................................SET/CHKD ICE PROTECTION ........................................................................................ OFF RECIRCULATION FANS ............................................................................. OFF BLEED VALVES ....................................................................................CLOSED EMERGENCY LIGHTS ................................................................................ OFF GENERATORS ............................................................................................... OFF CONDITION LEVERS .......................................................................FUEL OFF SEATBELT SIGN ........................................................................................... OFF Do not switch off until the left propeller has stopped. 10. ROTATING BEACON ................................................................................... OFF Do not switch off until both propellers have stopped. 11. EXTERNAL POWER.......................................................................... ON/CHKD Check EXT PWR available blue light to be on. Check EXT PWR voltage to indicate between 28 29.5 V. Set EXT PWR switch to on. Check EXT PWR white light to come on. Check EXT PWR voltage to indicate between 28 29.5 V

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Additional items if cockpit left unattended: 12. 13. 14. 15. TEMP SELECT SWITCHES ........................................................................ OFF BATTERIES .................................................................................................... OFF EFIS, ANNUNCIATOR & COCKPIT LIGHTS ......................................... OFF HYDRAULIC PUMP...................................................................................... OFF

Ground stop
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. OXYGEN ......................................................................................................... OFF INVERTER ...................................................................................................... OFF AVIONICS ....................................................................................................... OFF BATTERIES .................................................................................................... OFF EXTERNAL POWER..................................................................................... OFF EMERGENCY LIGHTS NOT ACTIVATED.......................................... CHKD Check visually in the cabin that emergency lights have not been activated. 7. DOME LIGHT ................................................................................................ OFF

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Appendix Appendix
Electrical Buses
The following tables contain details of the main instruments and systems that are connected to each electrical bus on the Saab 340.
Left Hot Battery Bus Left battery control Left engine fire extinguisher Cargo fire extinguisher Left battery voltage indication Pilot in command chronometer Left Battery Bus Cabin pressurization control Cabin pressure emergency dump Left standby fuel pump Taxi light Beacons Left engine auto ignition Left engine start control Left engine speed indication Left engine ITT indication Left engine torque indication Left engine oil indication Left engine fuel flow indication Left engine CTOT control Left propeller oil indication Bus tie relay auto function Left Essential Bus Cabin temperature indication Left fuel quantity Hydraulic pump control (OVRD) Brake pressure indicator, emergency and outboard Left propeller speed indication Left beta indication Left autocoarsen system Left essential bus voltage indication Warning annunciator system, channel 1 Autocoarsen computer Right Hot Battery Bus Right battery control Right engine fire extinguisher Right battery voltage indication First officers chronometer

Right Battery Bus Total fuel used indication Flap position indication Trim indicator Right standby fuel pump Cabin signs Left engine auto ignition Left engine start control Left engine speed indication Left engine ITT indication Left engine torque indication Left engine oil indication Left engine fuel flow indication Left engine CTOT control Left propeller oil indication

Right Essential Bus Cabin pressurization indication Left and right battery and fuel temp. indication Fuel crossfeed valve Right fuel quantity Brake pressure indicator, main and inboard Standby pitot heat Right propeller speed indication Right beta indication Right autocoarsen system Right essential bus voltage indication

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Appendix
Left Main Bus Wing and stabilizer de-ice control Flight deck temperature control Hydraulic pump control (AUTO) Left landing lights Navigation lights Left HP valve manual control Main inverter 115V, 26V Left main bus voltage indication Left Main Start Bus Instrument lighting left, center and center pedestal Left Avionic Bus Flight director and MSP MFD ADF 1 DME 1 ATC transponder Radio altimeter Left avionic bus voltage indication Left Avionic Start Bus ADC/Altimeter ADC/IAS indicator EFIS 1 Essential Avionic Bus VOR/ILS indicator Right Main Bus Cabin temperature control Right landing lights Strobe lights Wing inspection lights Right HP valve manual control Right HP auto control Standby inverter 26V Right main bus voltage indication Right Main Start Bus Instrument lighting right Logo lights Right Avionic Bus Flight director and MSP VHF COM 2 FDAU ADF 2 VOR/ILS 2 DME 2 Right avionic bus voltage indication Right Avionic Start Bus EFIS 2

Emergency Bus Bus tie relay connection function Warning system backup power Emergency voltage indication

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Appendix
Abbreviations Used
List of the most commonly used abbreviation in this handbook.
ADC ADF ADI ADS AHC AHRS ANT AP APA APP APPR ATC ATT B/C BRG CDU CHAN CHP CLR CRS CRT CWP D DCP DEV DH DME DPU EADI EFIS EHSI ET FCC FD FD/AP FGAS FL FPL FRQ GA GPWS Air Data Computer Automatic Director Finder Attitude Director Indicator Air Data System Attitude Heading Computer Attitude Heading Reference System Antenna Autopilot Altitude Preselect / Alerter Autopilot Panel Approach Air Traffic Control Attitude Back Course Bearing Control Display Unit Channel Course Heading Panel Clear Course Cathode Ray Tubes Central Warning Panel Distance Display Control Panel Deviation Decision Height Distance Measuring Equipment Display Processor Unit Electronic Attitude Director Indicator Electronic Flight Instrument System Electronic Horizontal Situation Indicator Elapsed Time Flight Control Computer Flight Director Flight Director / Autopilot Flight Guidance & Autopilot System Flight Level Flight Plan Frequency Go Around Ground Proximity Warning System GS GSP HDG HIS IAS ILS INT LRN LOC M MEM MFD MM NAV NORM OBS OM PGE PWR RA RCL RMI SAT SKP SPD TAS TK TTG VOR VS WPT WRN XATT XDTA XFR XHDG XSIDE XTRACK YD Glideslope Ground Speed Heading Horizontal Situation Indicator Indicated Airspeed Instrument Landing System Intensity Long Range Navigation Localizer Inner Marker Memory Multifunction Display Middle Marker Navigation Normal Omni Bearing Selector Outer Marker Page Power Radio Altimeter Recall Radio Magnetic Indicator Static Air Temperature Skip Speed True Airspeed Track Time To Go Very High Frequency Omnidirectional Radio Range Vertical Speed Waypoint Warning Crosside Attitude Crosside Data Transfer Crosside Crosside Heading Cross Track Yaw Damper

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Appendix
Speedbooks and Power Settings
The Saab 340B speedbooks and power settings are reproduced on the following pages for you to print and refer to during flight.

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Appendix

MAX CRUISE POWER PRPM 1270 - ENG ANTI-ICE OFF


FLIGHT TORQUE vs SAT LEVEL -65 -60 -55 -50 -45 -40 -35 -30 -25 -20 -15 -10 -5 0 5 66 66 66 65 63 61 60 58 55 53 50 47 44 41 38 250 69 68 66 65 63 60 58 56 53 50 47 44 41 240 72 72 70 68 66 64 62 59 56 53 50 47 43 230 76 75 73 72 69 67 65 62 60 56 53 50 46 220 79 79 77 75 73 71 68 66 63 59 56 53 49 210 83 83 81 79 76 74 72 69 66 63 59 55 51 200 86 84 82 79 77 75 72 69 65 61 57 54 190 90 88 85 83 80 78 75 72 68 64 60 56 180 91 89 86 84 81 78 74 70 66 62 58 170 95 92 89 87 84 81 77 73 69 65 61 160 99 96 93 90 88 84 80 76 72 67 63 150 100 97 94 91 88 84 79 75 70 66 140 100 98 95 91 87 82 78 73 69 130 100 98 95 91 86 81 76 71 120 100 99 94 89 84 79 74 110 100 98 93 87 82 77 100 100 96 91 85 80 90 100 94 88 83 80 97 92 86 70 100 95 89 60 100 98 92 50 100 95 40 100 98 30 100 20 10 10 15 20 25 30 35

43 45 48 50 52 54 57 59 62 64 67 70 73 76 78 81 84 87 90 93 95 98

45 47 49 51 53 56 58 61 63 66 68 71 74 77 79 82 85 88 91 94

48 50 52 55 57 59 62 64 67 69 72 75 77 80 83 85 88

49 51 54 56 58 61 63 65 68 70 73 75 78 80 83

53 55 57 59 61 63 66 68 70 72 75 77

52 55 57 59 60 63 65 67 69 72

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Appendix

MAX CRUISE POWER PRPM 1270 - ENG ANTI-ICE ON


FLIGHT LEVEL 250 240 230 220 210 200 190 180 170 160 150 140 130 120 110 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 -55 64 67 71 74 78 81 -50 62 6 69 73 76 80 83 86 -45 60 63 67 70 74 77 80 84 87 91 94 98 -40 58 61 65 68 71 75 78 81 85 88 92 95 99 100 -35 56 59 62 66 69 72 75 79 82 85 89 92 96 100 TORQUE vs SAT -30 -25 -20 54 51 49 57 54 52 60 58 55 63 61 58 67 64 61 70 67 64 73 70 67 76 73 70 79 76 73 82 79 76 86 82 79 89 86 82 93 89 85 97 93 89 100 96 92 100 96 100 99 100 -15 46 49 52 55 58 61 63 6 69 72 75 78 81 84 87 91 94 98 100 100 -10 43 45 48 51 54 57 60 62 65 67 70 73 76 79 82 86 89 92 95 99 100 100 -5 39 42 45 48 50 53 56 58 60 63 66 68 71 74 77 80 83 86 89 92 95 99 100 100 0 36 39 42 44 47 49 51 54 56 59 61 64 66 69 72 75 77 80 83 86 89 92 95 98 100 5

40 43 45 47 49 52 54 56 59 61 64 66 69 72 74 77 80 83 85 88 91 94

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Appendix
TP TP

TAKEOFF 22-24 000 lbs

TAKEOFF 25 000 lbs

FLAPS
V1 VR V2 V FL UP V CLEAN V ENR ICE
TP

15

FLAPS
V1 VR V2 V FL UP V CLEAN V ENR ICE
TP

15

109 104 114 107 116 110 118 121 135

112 104 116 107 118 110 120 123 137

TAKEOFF 26 000 lbs

TAKEOFF 27 000 lbs

FLAPS
V1 VR V2 V FL UP V CLEAN V ENR ICE

15

FLAPS
V1 VR V2 V FL UP V CLEAN V ENR ICE

15

116 106 119 107 120 110 122 125 140

118 109 121 109 122 110 124 127 142

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Appendix
TP TP

TAKEOFF 28 000 lbs

TAKEOFF 29 000 lbs

FLAPS
V1 VR V2 V FL UP V CLEAN V ENR ICE
TP

15

FLAPS
V1 VR V2 V FL UP V CLEAN V ENR ICE
TP

15

121 112 124 112 124 112 126 129 145

121 113 124 113 124 114 128 131 146

LANDING 24 000 lbs V HOLD V P15 V REF 20 V REF 35 V APP 7 V FL UP V CLEAN 145
ICE

LANDING 23 000 lbs V HOLD V P15 V REF 20 V REF 35 V APP 7 V FL UP V CLEAN 142
ICE

119 129 110 120 106 116 117 127 118 128 121 131

117 127 108 118 106 116 114 124 115 125 118 128

FFS Saab 340 POH version 1.0

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Appendix
TP TP

LANDING 22 000 lbs V HOLD V P15 V REF 20 V REF 35 V APP 7 V FL UP V CLEAN 140
ICE

LANDING 21 000 lbs V HOLD V P15 V REF 20 V REF 35 V APP 7 V FL UP V CLEAN 138
ICE

114 124 106 116 106 116 112 122 113 123 116 126

112 122 106 116 106 116 110 120 111 121 114 124

FFS Saab 340 POH version 1.0

Page 195