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Components of culture in Turkey were our topic in the exhibition.

There were many reasons why we decided to choose on this topic as Turkey was one of the country which consisted of variety architectures and arts, wonderful views, different cultures, religions, languages, food and many more. All of these criteria made my members and I agreed to stick on this topic. As we had four members who were Nurul Atiqah binti Faizulzaman, Yow Huey Wei, Farah Athirah binti Hasan RIjal and i, myself thus, we divided four sub-topics for each of us. I would look for the materials and information on architectures and famous landmarks, while the others would do on languages, religions and culture in dances. First and foremost, googling for the notes and information was one of the ways on searching the input about Turkey. From the Internet, I learnt that Sultanahmet Mosque was the most famous monument in both the Turkish and the Islamic worlds that built in the classic Turkish architectural style between 1609-1616 by the architect named Mehmet. Moreover, Dolmabahce Palace, built in the mid-19th century by Sultan Abdulmecit 1, stretched for 600 meters along the European shore of the Bosphorus. The palace intact with its original decorations, furniture, silk carpets, curtains and everything else. It said that 14 tons of gold and 40 tons of silver were used for the decoration of the palace. The impressive remained of this once-splendid city were situated on a high plateau, within Aydin Province. Therefore, the strategies on how to build strong and creative buildings have been used nowadays in most of the countries including Malaysia. There were millions sources on the architectures from the internet that could be used for the exhibition. Thus, it was easy for us to find the information. Next, we went to the stationery shop to buy the materials to paste on the board and also for the decorations used to beautify our booth. We planned to have black and purple booth, so we bought sugar paper, purple ribbons, colourful papers, glue, double tap, thumb tacks and many more. We printed all the materials and arranged them to make our guests easier to read. Then, we borrowed boards and all of equipments from the library. After placing them on the best location, then we started to paste all of the materials on the boards and decorated them.

Nevertheless, we realized that our information about Turkey was not sufficient and we were not satisfied enough to show them to the lecturers, peers and all of the guests. Consequently, we decided to make some differences on showing What is so special about the component of culture in Turkey? by visiting the Turkish Embassy Tourism. Definitely, we faced many difficulties to go to the Embassy Tourism. For example, we had to search the direction by using Google Map. It took time as all of us were not so familiar in Kuala Lumpur. After put a lot of effort including called and confirmed to the embassy, we went to Hal Ehwal Pelajar Office (HEP) to get the confirmation letter that all of us were from this institute. Then, we went there by taxi to Bandar Tun Razak LRT station. We stopped at Hang Tuah Station and switched to Hang Tuah Monorel. Thus, as we arrived at Raja Chulan Station, we went straight to the embassy office. It took about an hour for us to arrive there. Experience in dealing with the officers was the best part in finishing this project. There were Turkish husband and wife that deal with us. We communicated fully English to both of them and explained on what we planned to have from them. They were not as friendly as Malaysians, but they were good-hearted. From this interactive session, I really learnt on how to talk politely and in the meantime and we were also improved on how to speak English in better ways. I could express myself as one of the future English teacher in about 5 years later. In my point of view, this was one of the reasons why this exhibition held instead of build cooperation among of us which were needed to ensure that we could do as what we have planned. There were many materials that we got from them. Among of them were the Turkeys brochures on tourisms which consisted many interesting locations in Turkey to be visited, such as the historical places. Some of them Pigeon Island which in the Augustan era, the spread of Imperial-Roman cults was by then a fact in many provinces of Asia Minor. The cult of the Emperor was alive in Nicomedia and in Pergamum, together with that of the Goddess Rome. I could relate these historical places with Malacca where tourists around the world visited there in order to know our history. Therefore, I think Ministry of Tourism of Malaysia should put more effort to publicize our historical places.

In addition, we also got many books and magazines which were very beneficial to us. The one that I loved the most was the Chinese Magazine titled My Wedding which showed Chinese wedding photographs in Turkey. The views of amazing buildings and places were selected as the background of the photographs such as background of Ortakoy, Istanbul, Topkapi Palace Museum, Sultanahmet Yenebutan Caddesi, Sultan Art Museum, and many more. It showed that Turkey was the best place to be captured as memorable moment for almost people in the world especially for honeymoon. This magazine became one of the materials that I showed to our guests. Absolutely, they were really interested and excited to go there. I hoped that Malaysia would be one of the best destinations to be captured as memorable events like Turkey one day since we also had a lot of breathtaking and amazing nature and buildings. Apart from that, as I liked to try different types of food, I realized that Turkish Cuisine had a very pure quality in cooking by reading the dishes book given by the officer. The variety and simplicity of the recipes and the quality of the ingredients were guarantees of delicious meals. The famous dishes in Turkey were kebabs which plain or marinated meat either stewed or grilled. Almost every district of Anatolia had its own kebab specialty. Lamb was the basic meat of Turkish kitchen. Pieces of lamb threaded on a skewer and grilled over charcoal form the famous " Sis kebab", now known in many countries of the world. " Doner kebab" was another famous Turkish dish, being a roll of lamb on a vertical skewer turning parallel to a hot grill. Besides that, we also hang Turkeys posters in our booth. We got five wonderful posters. In addition, we asked from them if we could have their original costumes. At first, they hesitated to show and let us borrow, fortunately they gave us chance to make loan with them. We need to give them RM400 plus two students card as a deposit and guarantee that we would return back their costumes and a big Turkeys flag. Of course, we really appreciated their kindness towards us. We promised to them that we would take care of their costumes. Then, we took some photographs with them and their son, Sami. The four of us were excited as this was the first time

on shaking Turkishs hand, talked to them and the most excited was, we could took some pictures together with them. The first question that crossed in our guests mind was why we decided to choose Turkey as our topic in this exhibition. Absolutely, our answer was based on their uniqueness of their cultures. Our guests were more attracted to the costumes that my member and I wore. My member, Nurul Atiqah wore traditional Turkish man cloth which was vice verse to me as I wore traditional Turkish woman cloth. Turkish clothing included several styles of dressing. Some were extremely popular and has been passed from generation till this modern time with a number of variations. 'Kaftan' was the one that I wore which one of the extremely famous attire among the Turkish women. The dress separated into two parts. The upper part of the dress was known by several names like, 'gomlek', 'entari' and the lower part of the dress was known as 'salvar', 'potur' etc. The other important attires of Turkish clothing are the belts and shoes. They were also known by several names in Turkish tradition. Some of these were kusak which is a kind of belt, basmak as a foot wear and many more. In a nutshell, I myself really enjoyed completing this project as I improved a lot in communicating in English and also gain a lot about cultures in Turkey. Learning about others cultures made me realize that all of us were living in different cultures with different norms. Culture affected human behavior which to be better teachers, mentors, scholars, therapists and others. Ultimately, understanding different cultures made us knowing other religions and cultures better. Thus, if I get other tasks on culture later on, I really hope that I can manage to blend myself with that culture better than this. But, overall good job, Nina!