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The Myth of Dialectics


Reinterpreting the Marx-Hegel Relation

John Rosenthal
AssistanVBrofessor of Philosophy Colorado College Colorado, USA

Contents
Preface Acknowledgements Key to Abbreviations and Bibliographical Note Part I 1 2 Marx's Capital and the Myth of 'Dialectics' viii xii xiv 1 3 7 7 9 14 18 18 23 30 32 37 41 45 47 47 49 53 57 60 66 66 70 72 78

'Rigmarole' or 'Method'? Marx on the 'Marx-Hegel Relation' 2.1 The 'Famous Quotations' 2.2 'Dialectics' and the Concept of Historical Change 2.3 The Third Founder - or I.I. Kaufman's 'Marxism' 'Dialectics', Historicity and the Logic of Capital 3.1 The Historicist Discourse 3.2 The Varieties of Historicism 3.3 The 'Method of Capital' as Dynamic Historicism 3.4 The Poverty of the Historicist Interpretation 3.5 The Historicist Model and Hegel 3.6 The Historicity of Capitalist Production and the Critique of Political Economy Reification and Exchange

Part II

4 Concepts and Objects 4.1 The Categories of Political Economy 4.2 The Division of Labour and the Concept of Society 4.3 The Dual Objectivity of Money and Commodities 4.4 The 'Practical Concepts' of Exchange 5 Property and Person (or the Birth of the Juridical Subject) 6 The Objectification of Social Relations 6.1 Money as a Social Relation 6.2 Capital as a Social Relation 6.3 A Brief Digression on Rent 6.4 Capital as a Social Relation (continued)

vi 7 An 'Idealism of Matter' Part III

Contents 86

'Dialectical' Contradiction and the Logicization of the Empirical 91 93 98 98 103 106 111 111 113 115 118 121 123 125 129 132 133 134 137 139 149 149 152 157 163 163 166 172 172 177

8 Two Principles of Contradiction 9 The Word Made Flesh or Hegel's Incarnation of Logic 9.1 'Logic' as Pars Totalis of the Hegelian System 9.2 The Universal and the Particular in 'Geist' 9.3 The Universal and the Particular in Nature 10 The 'Reality' of Contradiction 10.1 Truth and Falsity in an Extra-Logical Sense 10.2 Hegel on Judgement 10.3 The Hegelian 'Syllogism' and the Syllogism 10.4 'Real' Syllogisms and 'Living' Judgements 10.5 The Basic Principle of Materialism 10.6 Wilt and Diego: On the 'Identity of Opposites' 10.7 The Paralogical Hinge of Hegel's Exposition 10.8 The Opposite of Limitation 10.9 'Contradiction' before Judgement 10.10 The 'Reality' of Contradiction Appendix Hegel's 'Transition' of Identity into Difference Part IV The Objectivity of the Economic

11 A Fortuitous Theoretical Isomorphism 12 The 'Subject-Predicate Reversal': an Excursus on Marx's Critique of Hegel's Doctrine of the State 12.1 'The Illusion of Real Knowledge' 12.2 An Example: The Hegelian 'Derivation' of the Monarch

13 Some Passing Remarks on the 'New' Hegelian Marxism 14 The Universal and the Particular in the Constitution of Value 14.1 Value-Relation and Value-Form 14.2 The Extrinsic and Intrinsic Measures of Value 15 Money, or the Real Universality of Commodities 15.1 The Principle of Contradiction and the Necessity of Money 15.2 From Medium of Exchange to Measure of Value

Contents 15.3 15.4 15.5 The Money-Commodity and its Proxies The Standard of Price The Christ of Commodities

vii 181 183 186 189 196 231

16 The Metaphysics of Value: On Second-Order Objectivity Notes Index