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BRIEF CONTENTS

Book 3Energy Efficiency in Electrical Utilities

Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Chapter 9

Electrical System Electric Motors Compressed Air System HVAC and Refrigeration System Fans and Blowers Pumps and Pumping System Cooling Tower Lighting System Diesel/Natural Gas Power Generating System

Chapter 10 Energy Conservation in Buildings and ECBC Annexure

BOOK 3- ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN ELECTRICAL UTILITIES Table of Contents


Chapter 1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7

ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS
Introduction to Electric Power Supply Systems Electricity Billing Electrical Load Management and Maximum Demand Control Power Factor Improvement and Benefits Transformers Distribution Losses in Industrial System Assessment of Transmission and Distribution (T&D) Losses in Power Systems Estimation of Technical Losses in Distribution System Demand Side Management (DSM) Harmonics Analysis of Electrical Power Systems

1.8 1.9 1.10 1.11 2 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6

ELECTRIC MOTORS
Introduction Motor Types Motor Characteristics Motor Efficiency Motor Selection Energy Efficient Motors

2.7

Factors Affecting Energy Efficiency and Minimising Motor Losses in Operation Rewinding Effects on Energy Efficiency Speed Control of AC Induction Motors Star Labeling of Energy Efficient Induction Motors

2.8 2.9 2.10 3 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 4 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8

COMPRESSED AIR SYSTEM


Introduction Compressor Types Compressor Performance Compressed Air System Components Efficient Operation of Compressed Air System Compressor Capacity Assessment Checklist for Energy Efficiency in Compressed Air System

HVAC AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEM


Introduction Psychrometrics and Air Conditioning Process Types of Refrigeration System Common Refrigerants and Properties Compressor Types and Application Selection of a Suitable Refrigeration System Performance Assessment of Refrigeration Plants Factors Affecting Performance and Energy Efficiency of Refrigeration Plants Performance Assessment of Window, Split, and Package Air Conditioning Units

4.9

4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 5 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 6 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7

Cold Storage Systems Heat Pumps and Their Applications Ventilation Systems Ice Bank Systems Humidification Systems Standards and Labeling of Room Air Conditioners Energy Savings Opportunities

FANS AND BLOWERS


Introduction Fan Types Fan Performance Evaluation and Efficient System Operation Fan Design and Selection Criteria Flow Control Strategies Fan Performance Assessment Energy Saving Opportunities

PUMPS AND PUMPING SYSTEM


Pump Types System Characteristics Pump Curves Factors Affecting Pump Performance Efficient Pumping System Operation Flow Control Strategies Boiler Feed Water Pumps

6.8 6.9 6.10 6.11 7 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 8 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4

Municipal Water Pumping System Sewage Water Pumps Agricultural Pumping System Energy Conservation Opportunities in Pumping Systems

COOLING TOWER
Introduction Cooling Tower Performance Efficient System Operation Flow Control Strategies Energy Saving Opportunities in Cooling Towers LIGHTING SYSTEM Introduction Basic Parameters and Terms in Lighting System Light Source and Lamp Types Recommended Illuminance Levels for Various Tasks/Activities/Locations Methods of Calculating Illuminance Lighting Design for Interiors Energy Saving Opportunities Energy Efficient Lighting Controls Standards and Labeling Programs for FTL Lamps

8.5 8.6 8.7 8.8 9

DIESEL / NATURAL GAS POWER GENERATING SYSTEM


Introduction

9.1

9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 10 10.1 10.2

Selection and Installation Factors Operational Factors Energy Performance Assessment of DG Sets Energy Savings Measures for DG Sets ENERGY CONSERVATION IN BUILDINGS AND ECBC Introduction Building Definition as in the Energy Conservation (amendment) Bill 2010 Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) ECBC Guidelines on Building Envelope ECBC Guidelines on Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning System ECBC Guidelines on Service Hot Water ECBC Guidelines on Lighting Building Water Pumping Systems Uninterruptible Power Supply Escalators and Elevators Building Management System (BMS) Star Rating of Buildings Energy Efficiency Measures in Buildings

10.3 10.4 10.5

10.6 10.7 10.8 10.9 10.10 10.11 10.12 10.13

ANNEXURE Checklist & Tips for Energy Efficiency in Electrical Utilities