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CONFERENCE HANDBOOK 2012

Table of Contents
Table of Contents...................................................................................................................................2 Welcome................................................................................................................................................3 Conference Itinerary...............................................................................................................................4 Social Events...........................................................................................................................................5 SMUN Volunteers...................................................................................................................................9 SMUN Senior Advisers...........................................................................................................................10 A brief history of SMUN........................................................................................................................10 Research and Preparations....................................................................................................................13 Flow of Debate.....................................................................................................................................18 Flow of Working Papers, Resolutions and Amendments......................................................................19 Diplomatic language ............................................................................................................................20 Resolution Basics .................................................................................................................................25 Sample Resolution.................................................................................................................................28 Sponsors...............................................................................................................................................31

Welcome,
It is with great honor that, on behalf of the host team and on my own behalf, I welcome you to the 2012 Stockholm Model United Nations. Every year since 2004, excellent and dedicated university students with an interest in international politics and in promoting human wellbeing across the world have been attracted to the SMUN conference. As inheritors of this great tradition we are humbled by the continued interest for the SMUN conference, and look forward to making it as exciting, creative and mind-widening as possible. I want to applaud the host team of SMUN 2012 for dedicated, humble and crucial work in writing the scenario, arranging logistics and securing other vital preparations in anticipation of the event. At the conference itself, you delegates will play the lead role. It is your mission to enter the world of diplomacy, to connect and negotiate in order to find diplomatic solutions to the key problems being debated in the respective committees. Given your excellent qualifications, we have no doubt in your coming success! This years scenario is a logical continuation of the scenario of SMUN 2011. That year we debated the North African and Middle East regions in light of the rapid political and social evolution that took place earlier that year. Now, in the year of 2012, we focus geographically on the region of Sub-Saharan Africa, which may face an era of as rapid political, social, economic and humanitarian transformation. We aim to promote awareness of the problems as well as of the possibilities through this years conference. It is a great honour to welcome you to this years SMUN conference! Ragnar Fahlin Strmberg, President of SMUN 2012

Conference Itinerary
Conference sessions will be held at Stockholm School of Economics (subway station Rdmansgatan). Please note that the dress code should be formal business attire during sessions for both male and female delegates. The following schedule applies for the SMUN Conference 2012:

Thursday, 15th of November - Pre-conference lecture with the distinguished Hans Corell (13:00-15:00): will provide some additional information relating to the topic of the conference. - Guided city tour (15:00-17:00): take the chance to get to know Stockholm! It will begin and end at the Stockholm School of Economics.

- Registration (17:15-19:00): here you will formally register for the conference and receive the delegate package, containing utility items for the conference, including folders, log-in credentials for wireless network access, etc.

- Opening ceremony (19:15-20:30): at this stage the conference will open. All delegates are asked to dress formally for the occasion. Our opening speakers will introduce the scenario of the conference.

Friday, 16th of November - Rules of Procedure Workshop (09:00-11:00): you will at this point be able to attend a presentation outlining the rules of procedure. The workshop will be divided into two sessions. You may attend the workshop at either 09.00 or 10.00. - First committee session (13:00-16:00): the first committee session will begin with a mock scenario, thereafter you will proceed to discuss the topic of each committee.

- Rhetoric workshop (16:00-17:00): an experienced public speaking consultant will talk about the art of rhetoric. This will allow you an opportunity to reflect over your previous appearance and actions in the first committee session and aid you in the following ones. Ruben Brunsveld is a former Diplomat to the EU and the Director of the Stockholm Institute for Public Speaking (StIPS).

Saturday, 17th of November - Second committee session (09:00-12:00) - Third committee session (13:00-16:00) During the third committee session it is preferable if initial working papers outlining the fundamentals of the draft resolution are presented.

Sunday, 18th of November - Fourth committee session (10:00-12:00) - Fifth committee session (13:00-16:00) During the fifth committee session, the process is concluded by voting on a draft resolution. Certificates of participation will be handed out to delegates.

Closing ceremony (17:30-19:00): this concludes the conference. Speeches will be held and prizes are given for outstanding performance in the respective committees.

Social Events
Thursday, 15th of November - Mingle (21:00-23:00): drinks and snacks will be served in a relaxed social atmosphere in which you as delegates will be given the opportunity to get to know each other.

Where: At SSE. When: After the Opening Ceremony. Friday, 16th of November -Stockholm by Night: Experience the world-renowned nightlife of Stockholm side by side with future diplomats and present friends. We first start off with a relaxing pre-party mingle hosted at SSE, then it's time to head out and experience the night life that Stockholm offers! The Host Team will of course attend in order to show off their best dance moves. Where: Night club to be announced later When: Mingle at SSE starts 20.30, time and place of nightclub is not specified yet. Saturday, 17th of November -Diplomat Dinner & Party: The peak of the conference. Enjoy a two-course meal with all the participants of this year's MUN. This is where the most flattering pictures will be taken, the best speeches will be held and simply where the best memories of Stockholm Model United Nations 2012 are collected. Elements of a traditional Swedish sittning will be incorporated into the dinner so look forward to that. At some point of time, the formal Diplomat Dinner will be transformed into a huge Diplomat Party! Where: Lusthuset, closest commuter train station: Hornstull (further details concerning how to find the venue will be provided during the conference) When: Mingle from 19.00. A special event organized by the Social Events-team starts at 19.30. The formal dinner starts at 20.00. Please note the dresscode. Gentlemen are expected to wear suit while ladies may slip into something a bit more informal. Sunday, 13th of November -After Closing Ceremony: Spend some time with your newfound friends before its time to go back home Recommendations of places to go will be announced during the Closing Ceremony.

SMUN 2012 Host Team


Ragnar Fahlin Strmberg President/Treasurer Ragnar is a first year student in the master program in Applied Economic Analysis and International Economics at Stockholm School of Economics as well as third year law student at Stockholm University. He has participated in SMUN twice as a delegate and was part of last years host team. This year he serves as president and is dedicated to enhance the experience of SMUN for all participating delegates. Andrea Hemming Vice-President/Social Events Manager Andrea studies Law at Stockholm University as well as Political Science. Previously she studied in Austria. Andrea has always had an interest in International Affairs and the UN. Her ambition is to one day combine her passion for Public Health and her love for justice and Human Rights. In addition to her studies she is the European Coordinator at Stockholm Law Association and she also works with ER in AIESEC. Besides studying and working she greatly enjoys running, travelling to distant places and is always keen on trying new adventures. Her motto in life is: Nothing is impossible; the impossible only takes a bit longer. Niosha Esfahani Delegate Liaison Officer Niosha studies Law at Stockholm University and Biomedical Science at Karolinska Institute. When shes not away for meetings with charity or volunteer work you can find her listening full-hearted to all kinds of different documentaries. Niosha loves justice and dreams of world peace but for the past months the closest thing to her heart has been working with the lovely delegates of SMUN. She has a secret dream of one day moving to a tropical island and opening up a juice bar because, as her favourite childhood writer Roald Dahl once wrote, We are the music makers and we are the dreamers of dreams. Emil Hrafn Stensson Secretery-General/Scenario Manager Emil studies Political science and national economics at Stockholm University. Besides his

strong political interest he often finds himself preoccupied with history books or documentaries. The world is rapidly becoming a smaller place and Emil is firmly convinced that the United Nations is of importance in developing a better world. To learn more he is thrilled to be part of SMUN 2012. Salma Salim Deputy Secretery-General/Scenario Manager Salma studies Economics as well as French at Stockholm University. She has previously studied Political Science. Salma loves world peace as much as she loves her mother. She therefore strives to one day work full-time towards this noble cause. Until then, she is happy to remain working for Stockholm Model United Nations and other organisations. Elin Conradson Marketing and PR Manager/ Sponsorship Manager Elin is studying her last year at the Masters Programme in Public Health at Lunds University. She also studied a course in Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights at the Karolinska Institute. She has a Bachelor degree in European Studies, and also studied International and German Law and Political Science at the University of Freiburg in Germany. She also studied English in Oxford. She has participated in an EU-simulation in Belgium, and was a delegate in ECOSOC in SMUN 2010, and a delegate in the Nordic MUN in 2011. This year she is the Marketing and PR Manager at SMUN and has also been in charge of finding sponsors for the conference. She has a great interest in languages and is looking forward to meeting all the amazing people that will participate in SMUN this year! Ione Yamamoto Social Events Manager Ione is from Brazil and is currently studying Political Science in Stockholm University. She studied International Relations for one year in Brazil, and courses related to the field in Boston and Naples, Florida. She has also studied English Linguistics, Literature and Culture in Sweden and she loves moving and living in different countries. She's talkative, curious and loves getting to know new people. And really enjoys a good party as well. Sara Sofa Mantilla Social Events Manager Sara comes from Quito, Ecuador. She is currently finishing her bachelor degree in Political

Science at Stockholm University. She is greatly interested in the study of democracy, human rights, social movements, and in sustainable social policies in the developing countries. Her future plans are to continue with her academic preparations for which she will study a couple of masters; one in International Relations and another in International Development and Management. Thus, her goal is to get involved in the thematic of global governance in the United Nations in order to work for the rights of minorities and for indigenous communities around the world. Besides her studies she greatly enjoys reading classic poetry, listening to jazz and playing the piano which she has been doing since she was 5 years old. LuisegGomesgLogisticsgManager Luise is in an exchange program in Stockholm University. She comes from Brazil and studied Political Science in the University of Brasilia. She lived in Canada before and she loves travelling and meeting new people. Khan Sazzad IT-Manager Khan is a software engineer from Bangladesh. He finished his undergrad in his home country and then moved to Sweden to complete his Master's in Information System Management in Stockholm University. Moving here, he found some other interesting things apart from study such as SMUN. He likes to volunteer for social organizations like this. Also, he is a huge fan of travelling. Now, one of his missions is to make SMUN 2012 travel through a successful journey.

SMUN Volunteers
Throughout the conference and Diplomat Dinner, the SMUN Host Team will be aided by a group of volunteers. These dedicated students from various high schools in the Stockholmregion will conduct work on behalf of the Host Team. We would like to express our utmost gratitude to our volunteers.

SMUN Senior Advisers


The SMUN 2012 Host Team would like to express their fullest gratitude to their Senior Advisors who have been a major support when planning this model UN. Your expertis concerning how to plan a MUN was invaluable to us. Thank you, Najma Ismael Social Events Manager 2011, Scenario Manager 2010 Kerstin C. N. Martnez Delegate Liaison Officer 2011, President of SMUN 2010 Gabriel Gabiro President of SMUN 2011 Juho Aalto Marketing and PR manager 2011

A brief history of SMUN


2004: SMUN sees the light of day In November 2004, the first Stockholm Model United Nations conference was held at the Stockholm School of Economics, arranged by a small group of dedicated students who had experienced Model United Nations Conferences while studying abroad. The conference was co-hosted, as it is still today, by the Social Science Association, the Stockholm Association of International Affairs, both at Stockholm University, and the Student Association of International Politics at the Stockholm School of Economics. The objective was to bring the two schools and their students closer together. At SMUN 2004, 45 students

from Stockholm University and the Stockholm School of Economics participated in the three day-long conference. In the framework of the UN Security Council, they debated and produced a resolution on the topic of the conflict in the Darfur region of Sudan. 2005: SMUN in the world SMUN 2004 inspired some of the participating students to further develop their interest in MUN-activities. A group of eight students participated in the Harvard WorldMUN Conference as the Swedish Delegation in memory of Dag Hammarskjld, the second UN Secretary-General. After having experienced WorldMUN 2005, the project group raised the goals for the forthcoming SMUN conference and ambitiously expanded the conference to over 80 participating delegates. The SMUN 2005 Conference was held at Stockholm University and consisted of two identical UN Security Councils, with 87 participating delegates from Stockholm University and the Stockholm School of Economics as well as from other universities in Sweden and abroad. The scenario was the Iranian nuclear program and Irans alleged possession of nuclear weapons. 2006: Patron as keynote speaker SMUN 2006 was held at the Stockholm School of Eonomics in late October with 100 participating delegates. The scenario of the year was the conflict on the Horn of Africa, which was discussed in the Security Council and in the African Union. Keynote speaker at the conference was SMUN patron and former president of the UN General Assembly, H.E. Jan Eliasson. 2007:bExpansion During SMUN 2007, some 150 delegates from all over Sweden and abroad discussed the case of Kosovos future status in three committees: The UN Security Council, The UN Economic and Social Council, and the EU Political and Security Committees. The conference was held at the Stockholm School of Economics.

2008: Extensive experience The newly elected Host Team went to Harvard MUN, held in Puebla, Mexico, where the 12 members represented Honduras. Sara Bondesson, president of the Host Team, received the prestigious Diplomacy Award for capturing the WorldMUN spirit. With the extensive experience and several years of MUN activities of the 2008 Host Team, the conference became a true success. Three vibrant committees aspects of dealt the with various inter-relatedness

between politic and climate change. 2009: Six years and still going strong SMUN keeps on growing - the 2009 conference, which was held at Stockholm University, had over 170 participating delegates. The scenario of the year was the situation in Afghanistan and the represented committees were the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council and the Commission on the Status of Women. 2010: Changes and new records The new Host Team started the year with both small and big changes. designed The in a logotype way was where

Stockholm and Sweden could be represented at the same time, as the UN-touch would remain.

Another change that took place was that the Host Team decided to go to another conference than the Harvard MUN, namely to EuroMUN in Maastricht. For the SMUN Conference of 2010, the Host Team was very pleased to see that a new record was beaten when it came to the number of applicants. Mr. Jan Mrtenson was the Keynote speaker during the Opening ceremony of SMUN 2010. The conference, with three committees, was very appreciated by the delegates and thereby a success. 2011: The record-breaking conference SMUN 2011 focused on the Arab number of applications. This ensured that the chosen delegates were very qualified in their respective fields. Needless to say, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council and the Human Rights Council all conducted very fruitful work and produced constructive resolutions on their respective subjects. Pictured is the Host Team celebrating their successful conference. Spring, and the amazing host managed to attract a record

Research and Preparations


Pre-conference research and preparation is vital to succeed as a delegate in advocating your countrys policy during an MUN conference. The following will give you some propositions on research and preparation. Research on Your Committee, Your Assigned Country, the Issue of the Conference and the Rules of Procedure

As a general rule, you as a delegate should become familiar with aspects of the up-coming negotiations: l. The UN System as a whole: It is important for each delegate to understand the basics of the organization and the body in which they will be working. A starting point for research is the official website www.un.org. 2. Current information and general background of the represented nations history and policies: This is the first key to understanding what course of action a nation may prefer on the topic at hand. Research can include, but not be limited to, such areas as population, government, economy, early and recent history, foreign policy, military and economic relations, membership in international organizations and so on. 3. Specific background of the represented nations viewpoints on the topic at hand: One idea how to get this information is to contact the embassy of the country you will represent. The websites of the countrys ministry of foreign affairs or their UN representation at www.un.org might also be useful. 4. The current world situation as it applies to the represented nation: Knowing more about where the nation you will represent fits in the current world context can answer many questions about your countrys policies that can be useful during the conference. 5. A background of the differing viewpoints of nations on the topic at hand : It is reasonable to expect that a representative knows their general allies and adversaries on a given issue, it is more difficult to have detailed information on what policies each country in the committee have on the topic at hand. 6. Specific background of the topic of the conference: The topic of the conference is Creating Opportunities in Sub-Saharan Africa. Research on this region should focus on causes, conflicting parties, historical and recent developments, the political, humanitarian and security situation, as well as international attention and different proposed solutions.

7. Rules of Procedure: The Rules of Procedure for SMUN 2012 have already been facilitated to you. Being familiar with them helps facilitate the flow of debate during the conference. Strategy for and Practical Work during the Conference Towards the end of your preparation process, each delegation should determine its strategy and goals for the conference. Your delegation should be working towards solutions of the problems placed before your committee. This requires a great deal of negotiation and compromise, often at the expense of certain positions which may be of concern to your individual delegation. Your delegation must decide which items are of greatest importance to your nation, and set your strategies accordingly. Working as a Delegation During the conference, you will be working closely together with your co-delegate. To function as a team, you will need to keep in contact for the preparations, so that you can share ideas and information. Work within the committees requires that you and your co-delegate can work towards a common goal, sharing the work and multi-tasking. For example, one of you may have to remain in session to vote, while the other is outside the committee room negotiating an agreement with another delegation. To still function as a team, you must communicate what you are doing to your co-delegate at all times. Lobbying Lobbying is one of the most important parts of the conference. Although much work is done in session, major decisions are usually taken outside the committee room. If you want to get your opinions across and influence discussions and decisions you need to lobby it to all the major players. Lobbying can take place in various forms. Technically, you are always lobbying during the conference. Social events, lunch breaks and dinners are venues for effective lobbying; making friends and getting your ideas across. In meetings, lobbying usually takes place with notes passed around the room between delegations. There are no restrictions or rules that apply to the note; you can write whatever to whomever in the room, as long as it is within the limits of common courtesy.

Research, Strategy and Lobbying in integration Effective lobbying rests considerably on strategy and strategy rests on good research. Your delegation needs to decide which items are of greatest importance to your nation and set your strategies accordingly. Some important questions to bear in mind are:

What kind of role will your delegation play at the conference (i.e. conciliatory, informng, constructive, aggressive, neutral or |eading)? What are the goals and interests in your research and how can your delegation work towards them? What nations will your delegation try to work with? What nations could possibly oppose your ideas?

Speaking A good speech can persuade other delegations and is based not only on what you say but also on how you say it. To be successful, you must appeal lo their feelings as well as their logic. A good speech can be broken down in three general parts: l. Getting Attention: A strong and colourful beginning to your speech will help to catch the delegates attention. Vivid imagery, the use of rhetorical questions or quotes might help accomplish this. 2. Maintaining Attention: Address the in a short and concise manner. Remember that delegates might lose focus if your speech is too long. 3. Finish: Close with a strong appeal for action. Be aware of the time limits, and give yourself time for a strong finish before the chairperson cuts you off. Opening Speech In all three committees, each delegation will have to make a short opening speech, presenting its stance on the issue at hand, at the beginning of the very first session. This speech shall be

between 1 and 2 minutes long (exact time will be decided by your Chairperson), and shall address what the country you are representing: Believes to be the primary problem with the issue at hand; Believes to be the aspects of this prob|em that need to be focused on; Believes to be the results the committee should strive for; Believes to be the role that the international community should or should not play in this issue; and what the overlying objective of any solution should be.

The opening speech is a way to present your country and its opinions on the matter at hand. Of course, strategic considerations shall always be made: not all opinions of your country need to be declared; your delegation may want to hold some information back, so that it may be used later, for strategic reasons.

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Diplomatic language
When in conference, delegates must remember that they are representing their nation and must at all times use formal speech. We have provided you some examples of paragraphs that may be voiced in conference. Expressing Commitment: We are firmly committed to We are fully committed to We would like to reaffirm our commitment to We remain committed to / we shall do our best / utmost / uttermost to We shall make every effort to

Persuading, Appealing or Calling for Action: We restate our conviction The question of ... is one which is of vital interest to all parties These questions should be addressed as a matter of urgency It is high time to The time has come for us to set aside our differences and The only viable solution The only realistic solution We call upon all delegations to We urge all delegations to

Referring to ongoing discussion: We have listened with interest to We have noted with satisfaction We have noted with concern We were interested / pleased / surprised to hear/ learn / discover / note Structuring the discussion: We would like to revert / go back to / return to In order to further / help advance the discussion In order to move the discussion forward When presenting views: Strongly expressing an opinion: We firmly / sincerely believe We are absolutely / completely convinced We are certain It is our firm / sincere conviction It is our considered opinion It is clear / It is evident Carefully expressing an opinion: In our opinion It is our view We are of the opinion

We are of the view We hold the view We believe As we see it From out point of view Expressing a contrasting opinion: For our part, we believe Our perception differs We, on the other hand, believe We see it differently When expressing degrees of importance: Expressing views carefully: It is of great concern We attach great importance We consider this point to be of the utmost importance We would like to reiterate / emphasize / stress We would like to underline the importance of It is crucial / essential / imperative / mandatory / necessary / of the essence / urgent / vital Expressing views carefully: We attach considerable importance to We must not underestimate the importance of

It is important / advisable / desirable

Expressing views tentatively: We believe this warrants further discussion Our opinion is that this should not be rushed We must be careful

Working towards consensus: The proposal accommodates / meets the need of The proposal may bridge the gap / distance In the light of ... we withdraw our proposal Taking into consideration we withdraw our proposal Against this background In the spirit of compromise / good will Discussing proposals: The many merits / advantages / good points of The proposal merits deserves careful consideration

Expressing degrees of importance: We agree that We concur with the view expressed by We share the view that We subscribe to the view held by ___ that We are also of the view that we are of the same opinion as

We are along the same lines as

Expressing disagreement: We feel we must respectfully take issue with you regarding With all due respect, we must disagree with the comments made by the distinguished representative of Expressing support We welcome We favor the solution supported in the recent discussion by We would like to associate ourselves with the view expressed by It is in this context that we see value in, and therefore support Expressing reservations: We would be reluctant to We would be hesitant to We would hesitate to We are not entirely convinced that We would like to voice a reservation regarding We have some reservations regarding We have some misgivings regarding Expressing support: This has our complete support We give our wholehearted support to

We pledge our full support to We fully support We thoroughly endorse

Resolution Basics
The aim of any meeting of the UN or other diplomatic forum is to reach a solution and make a statement of multilateral response to a particular issue of international concern. These formal statements - or resolutions` - contain the agreed course of action, targeting the specific area of concern. UN resolutions are drafted according to specific guidelines. Go the UNs resolution centre at http://www.un.org/documents and have a look at a real UN resolution. You will see that a resolution takes the form of one complete sentence beginning with the name of the body that has passed it and ending in a full stop. Resolutions are divided into individual Clauses, each containing a specific statement or course of action. In a resolution, there are two types of clauses: Preambulatory clauses - These introduce the issues under consideration. They list previous resolutions and items of international law that are relevant. Preambulatory clauses will also explain why international action is required and justify the approach taken in the resolution. The preambulatory clauses are collectively referred to as the preamble and each one ends with a comma (,). Preambulatory clauses begin with a single verb in present participle or other introductory in (for example: Recognising). Below, a list of preambulatory phrases can be seen. Operative clauses The clauses outline the action that has been agreed upon to address the issue at hand. Each operative clause ends in a semicolon (;), with the exception of the final clause, which ends in a full stop (.). Operative clauses begin with a single verb in third person present indicative tense, underlined (for example: Urges). Operative clauses are numbered.

Below, a list of operative clauses can be seen. The text of a draft resolution is usually worked out well in advance of being formally introduced, with many nations making suggestions and many alterations being made outside of formal session. When a draft resolution is formally introduced, it may be debated, amended, rejected or adopted as circumstances dictate. Note that it is very rare for a UN draft resolution to be rejected: most member states prefer to bring a draft resolution to the floor when they feel certain that it will be passed, and it is not uncommon to wait until they are sure that all members present will agree on the resolution and vote in favour of it. Amendments to draft resolutions are the means by which resolutions may be altered by the committee. Member nations can create amendments of additions, deletions or changes to a draft resolution Resolution introductory phrases The following list contains clauses commonly used by UN bodies. (Note that many common phrases have rather strong meaning in diplomatic language use.) Preambles: First word for preambulatory clauses shall be a single verb in present participle or other introductory phrases in italics. Affirming Alarmed by Approving Aware of Believing Bearing in mind Cognizant Conscious Concerned Confident Contemplating Convinced Declaring Desiring Deploring Expecting Emphasizing Expresses its satisfaction Expressing its appreciation Fulfilling Fully alarmed Fully aware Guided by Having adopted Having considered further Having assessed Having considered Having devoted attention Having examined

Having heard Having received Having studied Keeping in mind Mindful Noting Noting with regret Noting with satisfaction Operatives:

Noting with deep concern Noting with approval Observing Realizing Reaffirming Recalling Recognizing

Referring Regretting Seeking Stressing Taking into account Taking note Viewing with appreciation Welcoming

First words for operative clauses shall be a verb in third person present indicative tense underlined. The operative clauses shall be numbered. If a clause is reiterated, add further or also after the clause. To strengthen a clause, add strongly or deeply before it. Accepts Affirms Approves Authorizes Calls for Calls upon Commends Condemns Confirms Considers Declares Declares accordingly Demands Deplores Draws attention Designates Emphasizes Encourages Endorses Expresses its appreciation Expresses its hope Invites Notes Proclaims Reaffirms Recommends Reminds Regrets Reiterates Requests Resolves Solemnly affirms Stresses Supports Takes note of Trusts Underlines Urges Welcomes

Sample Resolution
Stockholm Model United Nations Sample Resolution www.smun.se

The Security Council


Submitted by: The Argentine Republic Sponsors: Benin, Brazil, China, Denmark. Topic: Irans nuclear program

Adopted by the Security Council, on 13 November 2005 The Security Council, Recalling the resolutions adopted by the IAEA Board on 11 August 2005 (IAEAGOV/2005/64), 29 November 2004 (IAEA-GOV/2004/90), 18 September 2004 (IAEAGOV/2004/79), 18 June 2004 (IAEA-GOV/2004/49), I3 March 2004 (IAEA-GOV/2004/21), 26 November 2003 (IAEA-GOV/2003/81) and on 12 September 2003 (IAEA-GOV/2003/69), the statement of the Board of 19 june 2003 (IAEA-GOV/OR.1072) and lhe Chairman of the Board`s conclusions of March 2003 (IAEA-GOV/OR.l122) and of June 2003 (IAEACOV/OR.1130), Recognizing the status of the Islamic Republic of Iran as a sovereign and independent state, Acknowledging the complex nature of the matter, Stressing the importance of acting in accordance with the UN Charter when responding to international crises,

Emphasizing the commitment of the Security Council to disarmament and the need for consistency in the application of the Treaty on the Non Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) by all parties to the Treaty, Recalling that Article IV of the NPT stipulates that nothing in the Treaty shall be interpreted as affecting the inalienable rights of all the Parties to the Treaty to develop research, production and use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes without discrimination and in conformity with Articles I and II of the Treaty, Nothing that, as reported by the IAEA Director General, the Agency is not yet in a position to clarify some important outstanding issues after two and a half years of intensive inspections and investigation and that lran`s full transparency is indispensable and overdue, Acting under Chapter of the United Nations Charter, 1. Urges the Islamic Republic of Iran to ensure immediate full transparency and coopcration with the IAEA, with regards to its nuclear program; 2. Calls on the Islamic Republic of Iran to allow unfettered immediate access for observers to facilities and documents within thc mandate of the IAEA for such time as thc Sccuriry Council sees ft; 3. Demands that the Islamic Republic of Iran ensures security of all nuclear sites in accordance with the NPT and IAEA protocols. lf IAEA deems the Islamic Republic of Iran incapable of ensuring and maintaining security at their sites, assistance will bc provided by the International Community; 4. Urges the Islamic Republic of Iran to ratify and implement the Additional Protocol as a measure of confidence building;

5. Condems any present or future attempt by any state to pursue nuclear weapons technology in violations of the NPT; 6. Calls upon the bilateral sanctions on the Islamic Rcpublic of Iran to be lifted when there has been full compliance with the NPT for a time period of six months and full information has been disclosed to the IAEA with regards to the Islamic Republic of Irans nuclear program; 7. States that the IAEA will issue a statement confrming if the Islamic Republic of Iran has fully complied with the resolution four months after the confirmation of this resolution; 8. Decides that if there is non-compliance with this resolution on the part of the Islamic Rcpublic of Iran there will be further measures taken by the Security Council including provisions provided in Chapter VII of the UN Charter; 9. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.

Sponsors
The SMUN Host Team would like to thank their sponsors for helping us ensure that this year's conference will be a a huge success. With the help of your products, we can be certain that our delegates will have an utmost enjoyable stay in Stockholm.

Thank you, Exotic Snacks Sjlunda Grd Tekompaniet Salt Kvarn Dagsmeja Lindt Oatly