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NEVADA BUREAU OF MINES AND GEOLOGY

B'
560000mE

BULLETIN 111, Gold Deposits of the Carlin Trend, PLATE 2


A
561

116 17'

116 16'

562

563

116 15'

564

116 14' Qal Qal

565

566

116 13'
Tmc Drcsm Drcsl Drcsl
73 57 64 35 67 Tmc 75 21 88 53

567
RO ED

116 12'
DSr
RO
ER
87
THR US 14

568
63 35

116 11' 569

570

116 10'

571

DSr

Drcsl Dpmc

Tmc

Qal

Drcsm

29

50

54
22

00

Qal
59 00

Qal

Qal Tmc
DSr
FA UL T

16

2000

39

Drcsm
55 70

500

34

60 45

77 70

DOwc,st DSr
48 38 36 45

40 60 6200

Dmsl,ca

00 59

1000

Drcsm

57

Drcsl

77

Dmsl,ca

R51 E
32

R52E

Surface mine facilities Outlined from November 1995 aerial photographs except northwest Gold Quarry dump and Tusc waste dumps, which were outlined from spring 1997 mine-area geologic maps.
smf

PALEOZOIC SEDIMENTARY ROCKS Western siliceous assemblage (DevonianOrdovician) A southwest-dipping, thrusted western siliceous assemblage (Evans, 1980) section at least 4,000 feet thick dominated by chert, siliceous mudstone, and siltstone occurs at Marys Mountain on west side of the map area. Layers of greenstone (at the base), black chert, green chert, and pebble conglomerate additionally define the thrusted stratigraphy. Graptolite and conodont assemblages indicate Early to Late Ordovician ages for most of the section (R.J. Ross and W.B.N. Berry, written commun., 1962; J.W. Huddle, written commun., 1963; R.J. Ross, written commun., 1967; W.B.N. Berry, written commun., 1970; A.G. Harris, written commun., 1976, 1977; S.C. Finney, written commun., 1994, 1995). However, radiolaria assemblages from the upper east face and crest of Marys Mountain near the southern map boundary indicate Early Silurian and Late Devonian to Early Mississippian sections, respectively (Cellura, in progress M.S. thesis). A roughly 300-foot-thick thrust wedge of Western siliceous assemblage is inferred within the Marys Mountain sequence at north Marys Mountain (E1/4 Sec 32, T34N, R51E) based on Middle to Late Ordovician graptolites in this section (S.C. Finney, written commun., 1994). Northeast of Maggie Creek canyon, along the upper bluffs, a 200- to 400-foot-thick section of Western siliceous assemblage rocks occurs on top of the Roberts Mountains thrust and below a section of Marys Mountain sequence rocks. A gastropod from this Western siliceous assemblage section indicates Ordovician age (E.L. Yochelson, written commun., 1969).
DOwpc,ca,sm

QUATERNARY DEPOSITS
Qal Qls

Alluvium Streambed and floodplain silt, sand, and gravel.

Qls

40

5600
16

Drcsm
87 42

Drcsl

41 85 23

5800
61

50 22

28 32 24

75 23

6100
Dmst Qal
88 82 20 67 50

Tmc
0 600 72

CR E

4519000mN

EK

Drcsm 5700

5900

SO AP

00 55

5300

80

Tmc

52

00
Tmc

15

54

Drcsm
80
38

63 23

Drcsm

0 58

Landslide deposits Gravity-slide deposits, composed of displaced rocks within which slide occurred. The Slide Block Landslide scarp (100-foot-high face) and toe (hummocky, poorly drained) are preserved. Hewettite Landslide sand and gravel layers dip listrically into a clayey slide surface.
4519 Qc

570

24

37

5700

5600

5500

Colluvium deposits Surficial gravels east of and locally covering the range-front Tuscarora fault on the east side of Marys Mountain. From Evans and Cress (1972).

500

19
Tmc 40 49'
57 0 0

20
Tmc

21
Tmc

DSr

C re e

22 5

300
8 80 40 20

81

Dpmc

Drcsm

23
5800
DSr Tmc
35

24
Dmsl,ca
31

19
38 23

20
00 54

MIOCENE IGNEOUS AND SEDIMENTARY ROCKS Carlin Formation A greater than 2,000-foot-thick Carlin Formation (Regnier, 1960) sequence composed of a basal gravel, overlain by tuffaceous sedimentary rock, overlain by interbedded sandstone, siltstone, tuff, and gravel overlies the Paleozoic section in structural basins northwest and southeast of Schroeder Mountain. A thinner, less than 50040 49' foot-thick, section overlies Paleozoic rocks between Schroeder and Marys Mountains. Additional Carlin Formation sections, up to 200 feet thick, are preserved at Schroeder Mountain and northeast of Maggie Creek Canyon. Reduced Carlin Formation rocks are gray green; oxidized rocks are gray white. The entire Carlin Formation is locally calcareous. The basal gravel varies in thickness from 0 to 200 feet, and is locally clayey. The bottom 5- to 25foot section above the basal unconformity is typically red hematite- and clay-altered. The gravel section is overlain by a 350-foot (avg.) section of poorly indurated, fragmental tuffaceous sediment containing fine glass shards and biotite. Gravel lenses are common within this section. Tuffaceous sediment is hard, well indurated in SW1/4 Sec 28, T34N, R51E, where overlying the southwest margin of the Mike deposit. The tuffaceous sediment 4518 section is overlain by 500 feet (avg.) of brown to gray sandstone, siltstone, tuffaceous sediment, and gravel (Kuiper-Creel, 1998). Above this section is a less-defined, interbedded section of tuffaceous sedimentary rock, gravel, sandstone, and siltstone. In the southeast map area (Sec 18, T33N, R52E), a 300-foot-thick rhyolite containing quartz phenocrysts was encountered in drill core in the Carlin Formation, 300 feet above the basal unconformity. This rhyolite is probably correlative with rhyolite lavas described below. Air-fall tuffs in the Carlin Formation in the Santa Renia Fields Quadrangle, north-northwest of the Carlin trend, are dated at 15.1 to 14.4 Ma using 40Ar/39Ar methods (Fleck and others, 1998). Gravel layers at and near the base of the Carlin Formation contain gold-bearing clasts where near gold deposits in the Paleozoic section.
Tmc

S o a p

5400
NC

FA UL T

0 580

540 0

Qal
00 55 00 56 45 00 57

Qal

DSr
30 33

47

20

36

45 45 45 50

75

Dpmc

27 4

Qal
38 6 10 5

26

Qal
7

50
60

Pebble conglomerate (pc) is coarse, multilithic, arkose to carbonate matrix; subordinate calcarenite (ca) and siliceous mudstone (sm) in section at base of Western siliceous assemblage at north Marys Mountain. Green chert (gc) is lime green, nodular; black chert (bc) is a ridge former; and chert (c) is banded and light gray. Silty limestone (sl) is light brown; calcarenite (ca). Siliceous mudstone (sm) is gray, interlayered cherty mudstone and mudstone; mudstone (ms) is gray; siltstone (st) is gray to brown, thinly laminated; sandstone (ss) is gray to brown; and chert (c) is gray. Greenstone (g) is pale green and fine grained. Consists of felty plagioclase laths with interstitial K-feldspar, quartz, and calcite. Amygdules of calcite, chalcedony, and pyrite (McComb, 1995). Basalt composition (Evans, 1980; McComb, 1995b). Age unknown.

DE EN

30

4518
00 54
4 5 3 2

16 23

41
37 18 35

Dpmc Dpsl
23

52

24

53
28 41

10 31 9 25 14

45

40 25 20

500

DSr
FA UL T

40 65

80

80
30 31 20

65

51 70 18

27

75

DSr
1 36

98

DSr
13

530

5600

1500

0 53

IN

0
55

DE

35 75 28 50 75

DSr

50 45 40

C
SOh

62 54

DSr
59

22 48

19

Qal
60
59 23 30

DOwgc,bc,c DOwsl,ca
DOwsm,ms,st,ss,c

19

75

2,35 14

Qal n

75

35

Drcsm

70 47

31 47

DOwc,st

Dmst

Tmc

Popovich Formation (Devonian) A 1,200-foot-thick section of Popovich Formation (Evans, 1980) limestone occurs southwest of the Good Hope fault. The upper half of the section is exposed northwest of the Chukar fault in the northwest wall of the Gold Quarry pit. The upper 200 feet is also exposed within the core of an anticline southwest of the Good Hope fault on Schroeder Mountain. The Popovich section consists of a 725-foot-thick lower micrite (Dp3 in mine terminology) which contains interbeds of silty limestone and micritic debris flow; a 250foot-thick middle calcarenite (Dp2 in mine terminology) which contains interbeds of silty limestone; and an upper 225-foot-thick silty limestone (Dp1 in mine terminology) which contains interbeds of calcarenite. In the vicinity of Gold Quarry, the Popovich Formation is sheared at its upper contact with the overlying Rodeo Creek unit, suggesting a local thrustfault contact. In drill core the Popovich Formation is variably metamorphosed to calc-silicate hornfels and marble south and northwest of the Tusc deposit. Calc-silicate hornfels is white, olive-brown to gray, and consists of clinopyroxene, amphibole, phlogopite, quartz, and local light brown garnet. Conodont assemblages from both the middle calcarenite (Dp2) and the upper silty limestone (Dp1) indicate a late Middle to early Late Devonian age (Evans and Cress, 1972; A.G. Harris, written commun., 1972; A.G. Harris and N.R. Stamm, written commun., 1994; A.G. Harris, written commun., 1995). Fossil dates for the lower micrite (Dp3), southwest of the Good Hope fault, have not been determined. Northeast of the Good Hope fault, the Popovich section is less than 300 feet thick, bounded by thrusts, and locally completely thrusted out. This section is exposed in the northeast wall of Maggie Creek Canyon, where fossil samples from micrite indicate Middle Devonian age (J.M. Berdan, written commun., 1967; Evans and Cress, 1972). This Popovich section is also exposed in the northeast part of the Gold Quarry pit, where conodont assemblages from silty limestone indicate late Middle to early Late Devonian age (A.G. Harris and N.R. Stamm, written commun., 1994; Harris, written commun., 1995), the same age as the middle calcarenite and the upper silty limestone southwest of the Good Hope fault at Gold Quarry. The Popovich Formation is a Carlin-type gold host at the Gold Quarry, Mac, and West Mike deposits. It is a secondary-copper host at the West Mike deposit; a secondary-zinc host at the West Mike and Mac deposits; and a secondary-silver host at the West Mike deposit. At the West Mike deposit, also host of base metals, silver, tungsten, molybdenum, bismuth, and probably some gold, all related to contact metamorphism.
Dpsl

SC

RT BE

a
g
g

UNT A I MO

ie
C
re

R DE OE HR SC

e
k

TH ST RU

LT FAU

58 00

60
KIN G

65 35 42 35 75

38

77

SOh
20

63

100

ER

Tmc

67 40

40

CR

59 00

Tmc
BE RO

DSr
FAULT

17

55 Drcsm 12 23

54 00

39 56

5200

00 57

Qal

50 0
70
T UL FA

PP

25

69

EE K
CA NY O N

80 80

38

24 34

Qal
5400

00 54

14

MA GG

IE

32,33

40 11

80 25
26

Drcsm

33

41

DSr

Qal

DSr
12

11 86 28

DOwg

Silty limestone is alternating medium and light gray, thin planar beds; thin, subordinate, white calcarenite beds. At Gold Quarry, upper part of unit strongly brecciated and deformed, and the unit is thinner than average. Calcarenite is white, thick-bedded, local graded bedding, bioclastic layers, local debris-flow breccia. Subordinate silty limestone in upper part of section and subordinate micrite in lower. Micrite is dark gray to black, limy mudstone, generally massive, local fossil trash. Subordinate intervals of silty limestone and calcarenite.

Sc

00 56 Dpca
Dpca

54 13

hr

Tmc

thrust Marys Mountain sequence (Devonian) An estimated 5,000-foot-thick interlayered section dominated by siliceous mudstone, mudstone, and silty limestone/calcarenite occurs above the Roberts Mountains thrust and below the Western siliceous assemblage. Rocks of this Marys Mountain sequence are classified as transitional assemblage by Evans (1980). The upper and middle parts of a southwest-dipping section are exposed on the lower eastern flank of Marys Mountain. The lower third of the section is almost entirely covered by Carlin Formation rocks east of the Tuscarora fault. The basal 200 to 300 feet of the section is exposed in the southwest and southeast walls of the Gold Quarry pit. Most lithologies of the sequence are calcareous. Flaser texture is developed adjacent to thrusts. Silty limestone and calcarenite dominate north of the James Creek fault; siliceous mudstone, mudstone, and siltstone dominate to the south. Late Devonian conodonts are reported from this sequence at Marys Mountain (W.H. Hass, written commun., 1967; J.W. Huddle, written commun., 1970, 1971; Sandberg and others, 1989). A 100- to 300-foot-thick, apparently thrusted section of Marys Mountain sequence silty limestone and calcarenite occurs within the overthrust Western siliceous assemblage at north Marys Mountain. This thrusted limy sequence is metamorphosed to calc-silicate hornfels and marble adjacent to the Welches Canyon intrusive complex. Two conodont assemblages from this section are early Late Devonian (J.W. Huddle, written commun., 1971). A northeast-dipping section dominated by silty limestone and calcarenite, estimated at 4,500foot thickness with its base cropping out approximately one mile northeast of Maggie Creek Canyon, is also interpreted to be Marys Mountain sequence. However, there are no fossil age constraints reported for this section. The basal section of the Marys Mountain sequence is a Carlin-type gold host at the Gold Quarry deposit.
Dmsl,ca

Dpca

oe

59
55

Tusc north waste dump

CO

DSr

25

62

48

Tmc

FEEDER

00 10

Dpmc DSr

Drcsm

der

Tmc
DSr 69 37

NE

68 35

68 85

75

SO AP

NO RT H

4517

35

DOwst Tmc
30

40

DSr

SE LD 36 O M

NE

Tmc

30

500 29
15

K EE CR

28

Tusc 1997
45

00 55

48 30

56 00
70
52

SOh
.5 #2
53
E

50

34

Qal
15 17 25

39

#3

Tmc

56

38
EE

T AS

#2

27
40

35

26

75

DSr

Dpca 5 10 0 Dpca 40
70

60

35

Drc
sm

sm

Drc

DSr

60 67

60 57 70

Drcsm

55

25

Tmc

30

29
4517

NO R

WELCHES CANYON INTRUSIVE COMPLEX


74

20

75

49
1 T#

N-S

5800

TJi
70 70
FA UL T

40 60 82

TJi

70

55

40 48'

DOwc

DOwsl
43
FAULT

RO ID

Teid
DOwc Tmc DOwc,sm Dmmb,csh
Teidt

550

NE BU LO US

CAR LIN

VALLEY

18 52

Dmsl,ca
33

TH RU S

smf Tusc west waste dump


56 00

75 85 65

72 74

35

45

SPL AY

Tmc

Dmsm
00 56

68

Drcsm

S EA 67 TH 70 45 15 55

45

22

80

SOh
3

30

Tmc

DSr
70 65

Qal
Drcsm Tmc
65 40

5100

Rhyolite lavas A 500-foot-diameter by 25-foot-thick body of rhyolite lava is preserved on the southeast flank of Marys Mountain (SE1/4 Sec 16, T51E, R33N). Additionally, rhyolite lava float (striped) covers the southwest side of a shallow topographic saddle on the crest of Marys Mountain (N1/4 Sec 20 and S1/4 Sec 17, T33N, R51E), suggesting a local basal surface of a mostly eroded volcanic section. Rhyolite lavas are gray and weather pink. They contain quartz phenocrysts in an aphanitic, flow-banded feldsparquartz matrix. Black vitrophyre occurs at the base (Teal, 1997b). This unit is interpreted as correlative with rhyolite of Marys Mountain (Henry and Faulds, 1999; 40Ar/39Ar date of 15.22 0.08 Ma) on the crest and east flank of southeast Marys Mountain. It is also generally correlative with rhyolitic lava (Evans, 1980) that occurs west of the Tuscarora Mountains and is dated by K/Ar methods at 14.6 0.3 Ma (McKee and others, 1971, original determination; Steiger and Jger, 1977, recalculation decay constants).
Tmr

35 60
54

Tmc
85

64

DSr
6 45

JAS PE

Dmc

Tmc
61

50

DSr

47 30

Drcsm
20 30 38

35 30 15 20

Qal
51 0 0

40 48'

EOCENE IGNEOUS ROCKS Dacite lavas A section of dacite lavas, greater than 700 feet thick, occurs in the southwest corner of the map area at Carlin Peaks, on top of Paleozoic western siliceous assemblage rocks. Lavas are black, gray, and maroon, speckled with white plagioclase phenocrysts (Evans, 1980). They are flow banded and porphyritic with plagioclase, pyroxene, hornblende, and biotite phenocrysts. Lower lavas contain spherulites and volcanic glass that locally has been devitrified (Thompson, 1994). The dacite lavas are the northeastern part of the pyroxene dacite of Carlin Peaks (Henry and Faulds, 1999). This dacite is part of the Primeaux lava sequence which is 40Ar/39Ar dated elsewhere in the Emigrant Pass Quadrangle at 37.82 0.24 Ma and 37.61 0.24 Ma (Henry and Faulds, 1999). North-striking dacite dikes crosscutting the dacite lavas at Carlin Peaks are 40Ar/39Ar dated at 36.22 0.17 Ma (Henry and Faulds, 1999), providing a minimum age of the lavas.
Ted Tedvc

5900
25

DOwst,ss

Qal

Drcst
Tmc

Drcst
53

50

Drcsm
56

46 48

40

70 30
10

Tmc
FA UL T

40

65 70

43

Qls

55

Tmc
Dmsl Qal
Tmc

Dmmb

DOw
bc

DOwsl DOwsm,c
45

Dmms,c
68

Qc
5

Dpsl

SE EN

QU ARR Y

LITTLE HOPE WEST FLT

SE

30

66 25 20 30

LD OM

15

23 18

65 78 83
DSr

80

52
80

00

Maggie Creek floodplain


53 00

38 37
FA UL T

48
O O G D

FA UL T

62

73

Tmc

Silty limestone (sl) is tan to light gray, thin bedded, fine-grained, calcareous, recessive weathering; calcarenite (ca) is dark blue gray, rounded quartz sand grains in calcareous matrix, cross-bedded, resistent weathering. Siliceous mudstone (sm) is gray, interlayered mudstone and cherty mudstone; mudstone (ms) is dark gray, calcareous; siltstone (st) is gray, laminated, calcareous; and chert (c) is dark gray, mudstone interbeds. Marble (mb) is white, coarse grained, interlocking calcite crystals, hornfelsed sl/ca; calc-silicate hornfels (csh) is green gray, fine to medium grained, hard, hornfelsed sl/ca. Pebble conglomerate (pc) is coarse, multi-lithic; black to clear-glassy chert or carbonate matrix.

70

30

54

00

Dmsm,ms,st,c

FA UL T

TH RU S

c niti ha ap 45

570 0

GO LD

58 00

4516 Teid Dmcsh

43

28 34

37 32 41 56 19 40 40 71

Dmsl,ca

Tmc
58 00
60 0
45

62 00

#2

MA C

52

MA C

DOwc,sm
Teidt

45

Dmsl,ca

DOwsl
19

Teid

42

Dpsl

44

DOw
sm 44

Teid
00 66
32

DOwsl
45 50 76 60

30

Dpsl Tmc

Drcst

65

FAU LT

DOwst,ss

Drcst smf Drcsm Dpsl dump


40

M AT IDWE ST T IT UD FAU E LT FLT ATT IT

GUL CH

39

51

Tmc
37 35 62 30

Drcsm

37

DOwbc
40

45

40 47'

36 30 5

GO O

FW CB

Teid

LE S

6500

61

DOwbc DOwgc

52

DOwst,sm

30

25

55

DOwpc,ca,sm Dmsl,ca
44 26 35 76 15 15

30

40

6300

FL T

72

Dmsm,ms

Dmsl,ca

50

Dmsl,ca

Dmsm
77

Tmc Dmpc Qc
TU

20

54 00

45

Dmsl

60

T UL FA

SULF IDE

60
45

T33N

18

50

FA Dpsl 51 E GU RO 38 TJi 82 S T 40 66 WE
32 Tmc 45

Dpca

BAD

DOwc,sm,st

PIT

70?

UL

35

00

Dmsl

55

U FA

68

58

FD R FLT

61

LT S

46

32

FA

DOwsm

Dmsl,ca

64

CH UK AR

33

TJi

T UL

56

81

74

62

18 80 AN ALTA TI C L. 55 66 Drcst 54 38 61

27 77 52 14

TJi

smf

Drccs
TT HEW E
9 K-

55

T34N

30

58 00

4515

40

DOwsm

43

Dmsm

sm

80

ICE

UDE

DOwsm,c

75

TUF F

31

35

Dmsl,ca

Dmsm

Drc

Qc
T) (RM

Tmc

TJi

23 15

60

Drcsm
31

55 60 T 72 46 UL FA T K UL 74 Dpsl O A F O L ER E OV 80 L LT U N 7 FA M 53 1 B C AU 4 W LT 60 45 78

Dpsl

Dpsl

35

Dpca
53 31
63

CONTAC

31

6400

32

Drcsm
28

95

46

FA UL T

32

Dmsl,ca

33

5900

TJi AUL 56 F
72

35

70
57

FA UL T

DOwg

Qls

Tmc

TH RU ST

Dmcsh

KW

Dmmb,csh

Dmsm Dmsl,ca
30

Drcsm
75

EA SY

5900

T # 1

Dpsl

Tmc

Tmc

25

58

42

0 56

T ES W ID

50 0

57

Teid

6100

24

30 29

Tmc

30

20

Qal
4516

86

North waste dump

Dmmb,csh

36

Dpsl

27

22

Tmc
S RT BE RO

HO PE

59

35

DSr

00 58

00 54 Drcsm
53 DSr

Volcaniclastic tuff and mudstone at base of dacite lavas, 0 to 150 feet thick.
Dmpc

41

38

53 49
SC

Tmc

69

34

64

60

U 35 53 ST
26

HR

36
70

31
1000
00 52

32

63

smf

30

61

Dpsl
46

32

Drcst

54

Drc
cs

Drcsm TJi
UL

Drcsm
31

Drcst

19

00 54 Gold Quarry leach pad


5300

43 50

Tmc

Gold Quarry 1997 with 1998 and 1999 revisions

Dacite intrusions and dikes Dacite intrusions of the Welches Canyon intrusive Teid complex occur in the western siliceous assemblage on the northern margin of Marys Mountain, along the western boundary of the map. Apparently related, west- to westsouthwest-dipping dikes occur within the western siliceous assemblage between the north margin of Marys Mountain and Carlin Peaks. Dikes are semi-conformable with thrusted stratigraphy. Dacite dikes also cut the dacite lavas at Carlin Peaks. Dacite intrusions and dikes are white to light gray and weather light brown. Phenocrysts of plagioclase and lesser biotite, hornblende, pyroxene, and round quartz occur in a groundmass of potassium feldspar and quartz (Evans, 1980; Thompson, 1994; Henry and Faulds, 1999). The dikes in the western siliceous assemblage contain spherulites of potassium feldspar (Evans, 1980; Thompson, 1994). The largest dacite intrusion of the Welches Canyon intrusive complex is brecciated at its margins. A 500- to 700-foot-wide hornfels halo occurs around the dacites and associated diorite bodies of the Welches Canyon intrusive complex. McKee and others (1971) reported a K/Ar date of 36.6 0.7 Ma for the western part of the large dacite body of the 4515 intrusive complex (0.6 miles west of the map boundary in NW1/4 Sec 26, T34N, R50E). Ressel and others (2000a) reported a 37.19 0.11 Ma 40Ar/39Ar date for a porphyritic rhyolite dike that crosscuts this dacite in the same general area of the dacite sample dated by McKee and others (1971). These dates are slightly older than the 36.22 0.17 Ma 40Ar/39Ar date reported 40 47' for the dacite dikes that crosscut the dacite lavas at Carlin Peaks (Henry and Faulds, 1999). Diorite Two diorite bodies of the Welches Canyon intrusive complex occur on the northern margin of Marys Mountain, along the western boundary of the map. The southern intrusion occurs in the western siliceous assemblage; the northern intrusion is surrounded by dacite. Diorite is gray and weathers dark brown. It consists of plagioclase, quartz, potassium feldspar, biotite, and hornblende (Evans, 1980). The southern intrusion contains more mafic minerals and is darker in color (Branham, 1995b). Ressel and others (2000a) reported an 40Ar/39Ar date of 38.34 0.23 Ma on the western part of the northern diorite body, which they classify as andesite-diorite (0.3 miles west of the map boundary in NW1/4 Sec 26, T34N, R50E). They also reported a contemporaneous 40Ar/39Ar date of 38.34 0.33 Ma from an andesite-diorite dike 1.5 miles west of the map boundary in the SW1/4 Sec 27, T34N, R50E. Silberman (1971) reported a K/Ar date of 37.0 0.8 Ma on this same dike, referred to as granodiorite by Evans (1980). The diorite bodies constitute the oldest phase of the Welches Canyon intrusive complex.
Teidt

Roberts Mountains thrust Rodeo Creek unit (Devonian) A 1,050-foot-thick section of Rodeo Creek unit (Ettner, 1989) siliceous mudstone, siltstone, cherty siltstone, and silty limestone occurs southwest of the Good Hope fault. The basal third of the section is exposed at Schroeder Mountain and in the Tusc pit. The upper two thirds of the section is exposed in the Gold Quarry pit. A consistent 75- to 150-foot-thick siliceous mudstone, rhythmically banded argillite (RBA in mine terminology), occurs at the base of the section. Other layers of siliceous mudstone occur higher in the section, most consistently in the middle and upper parts. Two 50- to 150-footthick cherty siltstone layers are mapped in pit walls and logged in drill holes at Gold Quarry, in the lower-middle and upper parts of the Rodeo Creek unit. This lithology is recrystallized and contains silica overgrowths (Baker, 1997); it may be hornfels of siliceous mudstone. Cherty siltstone is not recognized outside of the Gold Quarry area. The remainder of the section is dominated by siltstone (limy siltstone where not decarbonatized). The Rodeo Creek unit is variably metamorphosed to quartz hornfels south and northwest of the Tusc deposit. The section is decarbonatized at the Gold Quarry, Mac, Tusc, and Mike gold systems. Conodonts in a sandy siltstone from the basal part of the section (northwest of Gold Quarry pit) indicate a Late Devonian, early Famennian age (C.A. Sandberg, written commun., 1995); conodonts from a thin limy siltstone in the middle part of the section (central Gold Quarry pit) indicate a Middle Devonian, Eifelian to Givetian age (A.G. Harris and N.R. Stamm, written commun., 1994; A.G. Harris, written commun., 1995). The Middle Devonian limy siltstone may be a thrust slice of older rock within otherwise younger, Late Devonian rocks. Thrust duplexing within the Rodeo Creek unit is suggested by repeated siliceous mudstonesiltstone-cherty siltstone sections, the anomalously thick local total section, and a small-scale thrust mapped by Johnston (2000b) in the Gold Quarry pit wall. Sandberg and others (2001) stated that Rodeo Creek unit is a local name for Woodruff Formation (Smith and Ketner, 1968, 1975a); the Famennian age of the lower Rodeo Creek unit section at Gold Quarry is consistent with their refined early Fasnian to late Famennian age range for this formation. Northeast of the Good Hope fault, a 600- to 800-foot-thick, thrusted section of siliceous mudstone, siltstone, and silty limestone is exposed on the hill northeast of Maggie Creek Canyon. This section is also exposed northeast of Gold Quarry on the southeast (hanging-wall) side of the Midwest fault, and in the northeast end of the Gold Quarry pit. It is commonly in thrust contact with the underlying Popovich Formation. It is also in thrust contact with the overlying Roberts Mountains Formation. At northeast Maggie Creek Canyon, a thrust is present near the base of the section within the basal siliceous mudstone. There are no fossil ages reported for this section. The Rodeo Creek unit is a Carlin-type gold host at the Gold Quarry, Mac, Tusc, West Mike, Main Mike, and Rainbow deposits. It is a secondary-copper host at the West Mike and Main Mike deposits; a secondary-zinc host at the Gold Quarry, Mac, Tusc, West Mike, and Main Mike deposits; and a secondary-silver host at the West Mike deposit. At the West Mike deposit, also host of base metals, silver, molybdenum, bismuth, and probably some gold, all related to contact metamorphism.
Drcsl Drccs Drcst Drcsm

Roberts Mountains Formation (Devonian, Silurian) A roughly 1,200-foot-thick section of Roberts Mountains Formation (Merriam, 1940) planar-laminated silty limestone with calcarenite interbeds occurs southwest of the Good Hope fault, but is known only from drill core. From the bottom up, the section consists of monotonous silty limestone with sparse calcarenite beds - DSr4 (720 feet thick); silty limestone with >30% calcarenite beds - DSr3 (220 feet thick); silty limestone with turbiditic to bioturbated (wispy) texture interbedded with sparse calcarenite beds - DSr2 (170 feet thick); and silty limestone - DSr1 (90 feet thick) (Sagar and Johnston, 2000). This stratigraphy is similar to that in the northern part of the Carlin trend (e.g., at the Carlin deposit). Unoxidized, deeper rock is dark gray. Silty limestone and calcarenite are variably metamorphosed to marble immediately southwest of Gold Quarry. Fossil age constraints have not been established on this section. At Schroeder Mountain, northeast of the Good Hope fault and northwest of the Chukar Gulch and Midwest faults, undifferentiated Roberts Mountains Formation is mapped. This section is folded into an anticline with a north-striking, steeply dipping axial plane. At surface, the Roberts Mountains Formation is a silty limestone that weathers maroon and has a platy fracture. Sparse interbeds of calcarenite are light gray and locally bioclastic, and exhibit graded bedding. Drill core indicates that this unit is incompletely metamorphosed to calcsilicate hornfels and marble northwest of the Tusc deposit. Conodont and graptolite fossil assemblages from different horizons in the section indicate an age range of late Early to Late Silurian (J.M. Berdan, written commun., 1967; R.J. Ross, written commun., 1967; W.B.N. Berry, written commun., 1969; A.G. Harris and N.R. Stamm, written commun., 1994). A separate, 600- to 1,100-foot-thick, thrusted slice of Roberts Mountains Formation silty limestone occurs above the Schroeder thrust, which separates this unit from the underlying Rodeo Creek unit. The top of this slice of Roberts Mountains Formation is the Roberts Mountains thrust, above which are overthrust sections of Western siliceous assemblage and Marys Mountain sequence rocks. This Roberts Mountains section is exposed below the upper bluff northeast of Maggie Creek Canyon, and in the northeast wall of the Gold Quarry pit. It is undifferentiated with regard to member. Numerous fossil samples (mostly graptolite assemblages) from the exposure northeast of Maggie Creek Canyon indicate Silurian to Devonian ages (W.B.N. Berry, written commun., 1969; Evans and Cress, 1972; S.C. Finney, written commun., 1995b).) A graptolite assemblage from the exposure at northeast Gold Quarry indicates Middle Silurian age (S.C. Finney, written commun., 2001). The Roberts Mountains Formation is a Carlin-type gold host at the Gold Quarry (Chukar Footwall), Tusc, West Mike, Main Mike, and Rainbow deposits. It is a secondary-copper host at the Main Mike deposit; a secondary-zinc host at the Main Mike and Tusc deposits; and a secondary-silver host at the Main Mike deposit. At the Main Mike deposit, also host of base metals, silver, molybdenum, bismuth, and probably some gold, all related to contact metamorphism. Hanson Creek Formation (Silurian, Ordovician) Massive dolomite of the upper Hanson Creek Formation (Merriam, 1940; Roen, 1961; Roberts and others, 1967) crops out in the core of a north-trending anticline at Schroeder Mountain, and in the bottom of Maggie Creek Canyon on the southwest side. The entire section is neither exposed nor drilled in the map area. Evans (1980) reported a 1,050-foot measured section 3.5 miles northwest of the map area in the Tuscarora Mountains (SE1/4 Sec 34, T35N, R50E). At Schroeder Mountain, the upper Hanson Creek Formation is dark gray, thin- to thick-bedded, and finely crystalline. Thin chert beds occur locally. Carbonate-filled fracture pattern and rough weathered surface account for a characteristic elephant-skin texture in outcrop. Conodonts from the upper Hansen Creek exposure northeast of the Tusc pit indicate Late Ordovician age (A.G. Harris, written commun., 1969).
SOh
40

T UL FA

S RT

Mounta

5300

U MO N AI NT S

in

00
ITE TT WE HE

0 570

E IC

T UL FA

TH

NS TAI UN MO

00 61

R RNE CO

FLT

BIG

R NO

UST THR

TH

TE HI W

RE FI

G DO

T FA T UL FA

00 60
SC
A OR AR

Drc
st

41 34 Teid

Qc
LT FAU

W TO RS TJi BA

62

25 Dpmc

TJi 22

22

23
EP DE

67 68
Tmc 18

37
E

RO TA TO R FLT

45

63 00

Dmsm Dmsl,ca
63 00
20 27

25

25 79

45

20 25 74

6200

31 30 RO

ALUNITE
43
BE RT S

N ZO

Tmc

T RM

FA UL T

10

76

65

60

65

82

smf

Refractory ore stockpile

00 51

Lithologic contact Showing dip. Solid where continuously exposed in pit walls, dashed where inferred between outcrops, dotted where covered.
75

ITE
62

62 00

FA UL T

00 62

40 30 50 35 20

Dmsl,ca

FA UL T

30

Dmca

30

GU LC H

MI DW ES

58 00

4514

6600

45

Tmc

30 MO

40

HEWETTITE GRABEN

DEWA TER

640 0

20

Dmsm

TJi

SN AN OW TI BIR CL D IN E
69

T UL FA

25

James Creek tailings

00 10
5300
South Area leach property

Tmc

Normal fault Showing dip; ball and bar on downthrown block. Solid where continuously exposed in pit walls, dashed where inferred between outcrops, dotted where covered. Arrows indicate strike-slip component, showing relative apparent movement.
81

FAULT

24 48 45

KA R

35
40 25

36
DOwc,sm,st

DOwsm

25

Dmsl,ca

5
Dmsm

Dmsl,ca Dmsl,ca Dmsm,st


35

4
Dmsm Dmsl,ca Dmsm
15 15 45 20

Dmsm

DOwsm Dmsm
10

45 25

ARP SC

FACE

Tmc

CH U

RO BE RT SM OU30 NT AIN S

65

Qls

65

TA I

NS

Tmc HEWETTITE LANDSLIDE

T HR US T

2
smf

R51 E
1
116 11' 569
562000mE 563

R52E

6
570
564 565

Water treatment facility smf

5
571000mE
567

Reverse fault Showing dip. Solid where continuously exposed in pit walls, dashed where inferred between outcrops, teeth on up-thrown side.
23

smf Dmsl,ca

116 10'
566

4514

IGNEOUS ROCKS OF UNDETERMINED AGE Dikes Olive green, pervasively clay-altered, intermediate to mafic dikes occur along TJi the Good Hope fault where they are exposed in and northwest of the Gold Quarry pit and in the Tusc pit. They also occur along this structure in the covered Paleozoic section at the Mike deposit where they are logged in drill core. Additional, northwest-striking dikes are exposed in the central (Ripper) and southwest (MC and WOW) parts of the Gold Quarry pit. A dike is exposed along an east-northeast dipping fault at Tusc. Dikes along the northwestdipping Soap Creek structural zone are also logged in drill core at Mike. Dikes at Mike consist of fine-grained plagioclase, orthoclase, biotite, hornblende, and pyrite in a felted intergranular matrix (Odekirk, 1994). Orthoclase is interpreted to be largely metasomatic in origin. Minor olivine, pyroxene, and chromite are also present. Dikes are 0.5 to 50 feet thick, and are commonly brecciated along their margins. Hornfels halos are not present marginal to dikes. Least altered dikes at Mike have andesite to basalt compositions (Teal and Branham, 1997). Apparently replacement-style potassium feldspar from an oxidized, gold-mineralized dike at Main Mike, in the hanging wall of the Good Hope fault and in the Nebulous structural zone (NW1/4 NE1/4 Sec 28, T34N, R51E), yielded a K/Ar date of 107 2 Ma (Branham, 1994), which is a minimum age for the dike. Dikes are local Carlin-type gold hosts at Gold Quarry, Tusc, West Mike, and Main Mike deposits; they are locally secondary-copper and -zinc hosts at West Mike and Main Mike.

TH RU ST

RM T

25

Thrust fault Showing dip, teeth in upper plate. Solid where continuously exposed in pit walls, dashed where inferred between outcrops, dotted where covered.
61 10

63 00

T34N

6400

42

Teid DOwsm
32 30 72 20 25 30 25 41 75 30 25 35 35

DOwgc
25

25

40

50

Dmsl,ca
45 6500 25

55

50

30

25

Dmsm

Dmsl,ca

65

40

Dmsm
40

56 00

16 15

32

31

Teid
60 45

DOwc

(banded)

78

20

Dmsl,ca

53 0 0

20

21
Perseverance

22

23

24

45 9 1

6300

50

25

00 59

00 57 Maggie Creek dump

Tmc

R51 E

Bedding strike and dip

Mineral foliation strike and dip

Anticline axis Arrow indicates plunge direction. Solid where exposed in pit walls, dashed where inferred between outcrops, dotted where covered. Breccia Hornfels margin Hatch on hornfels side. Dashed where inferred between outcrops. Approximate depth (feet) to Paleozoic bedrock. Dashed where drill indicated, dotted where inferred from total Bouguer gravity (Wright and Norby, 2001). Isotopic sample location Paleontologic age sample location

650
17

55 65 15 96 27 25

smf

Tmc

Tmc

Silty limestone is gray to brown, calcareous (unaltered) equivalent of siltstone. Cherty siltstone is gray to green siliceous siltstone with black chert layers exhibiting undulating margins.
1/ 4

T33N

65,66

Dmsl,ca
30

35

Dmsm,st 00 64

00 63

Dm

Dmsl,ca DOwg
73

15 25 65 45 20

sl,ca 25

97

Dmsm

75 Tmc

27 70 75 15

SLIDE BLOCK LANDSLIDE

Main Mike
A'
4513

45

18

Dmsl,ca

Qls

to 8-inch-wide

Tmc

Rainbow Tusc

Siltstone is gray to light brown, thinly planar laminated, and calcareous away from gold systems. Siliceous mudstone is rhythmically and planar bedded, gray to black siliceous mudstone with thinner interbedded, planar-laminated siltstone. Associated light brown phosphate lenses.

1500

65

6300

Teid

47

6600
DOwc,sm.st
30 15 20

Dmsl,ca DOwsm Teid


40

10

0 62
15 30 10

0 25 0
T UL

25

Dmsm Dmsl,ca
20 20

60

61

59

00
78

Dmsm

Dmsl,ca
76 30 50 20

0 60

25

72

44

20

30 15 DOwg

5 30 10

35 10

Dmsm
75

25

25

fid

T33N

4512
59

DOwpc

78 30

Qal DOwsm
60 30

40

50

15

21

Ted
30

45 20

DOwsm

Dmsl,ca

35

DOwst,ss 6500
15

Tmc
0 600

6100
15

ms,sm

Dm

DOwst
67 00

4514

65 0 0

40

6300

Dmms,sm

ms,sm

Dm

0 590

Drill Indicated in 2001 4 opt Au cutoff 5 GT gold, 0.01 10 GT gold, 0.20 opt Au cutoff 25 GT copper, 0.10 wt. % Cu cutoff 25 GT zinc, 0.50 wt. % Zn cutoff

Metal Deposits

De

44

35

Tmc

5300

DOwgc

20

DOwst

500

Dmca

Chukar Footwall
SN AN OW TI BI C L RD IN E

ep

Su l

50

Dmsl,ca

20

T UL FA

ms,sm

Dm

eF

30

25

DOwms

00 58

4512

eed

72

DOwsm

0 50

45

20

sl,ca

er

15

50

AN ALTA TIC LIN E

15

Dmsl,ca

35

Dmsl,ca

Tmc

5400

6600

30

Dm

00 57

Qc

T34N

6400

30

DOwsm

40

62 00

Dm

35

sl,ca

Dmsl
25
50

9
6400

Dmsl,ca
30

Dmsl,ca
EAST
25 30

Qal

Ja

45 6 1

DOwc,sm.st

30

6400

40

Dmsl,ca

Dmsm

1000

20

DOwpc

DOwgc 15

0K FA 0E 60E CR S 0 ME 620 JA Dmsl,ca 6400

Dmsm

E TO

re

45 7 1

40 46'

4513

40

19

0 540
5 0 60

37

Dmsl,ca

Dmsm

0 50

50

Dmsl,ca

40 46'

29 West Mike

28

27

26

25

5500

Copper Soap

0 50

Copper King Mine

K/Ar and 40Ar/39Ar Dates


Little Hope
Samples grouped by isotopic date report. Exactly located samples assigned numbers and located on map. Generally located samples (Hausen, 1986b; Bagby and Pickthorn, 1987; Arehart and others, 1992) not assigned numbers and not located on map; descriptive location information for these samples noted. Original sample numbers in parentheses. Gold Quarry pit locations sampled by Hausen (1986b), Bagby and Pickthorn (1987), Arehart and others (1992), Heitt (1992) are mined out. For Heitts located samples, distances above the map pit surface are noted. One of Heitts samples was from drill core; the distance below the map pit surface is noted for that sample.

Paleontologic Ages
Samples grouped by paleontologic report. Listed for each sample are map number, age-system, age-stage (where reported), and age-zone (where reported). Identified fauna listed for samples in unpublished reports. Original sample number in parentheses. At mine localities, this number followed by bench elevation or original surface elevation. Four samples at Gold Quarry (51, 54, 61, and 63) were collected from mined-out lithologies, above those shown on the map pit surface. For those samples, the collected lithologies and collection distances above the pit surface are noted. U.S. Geological Survey collection numbers listed for their unpublished samples. No attempt was made to update the taxonomic nomenclature or biostratigraphic zonation, or to amend the age determination of faunas in the following original fossil reports. Berdan, J.M. (written commun. in Roberts and others, 1967, p. 118, 120). Locations approximate (from 1:250,000-scale original map). Corals, brachiopods, ostracodes, bryozoans, conodonts. 1 Silurian (53G9) 2 Middle Devonian (54F37) Berry, W.B.N. (written commun. to L.D. Cress, USGS, 1969). Graptolites. 3 Silurian; Late Llandovery; Elles and Wood Zones 24-25. Cyrtograptus sp., Monograptus spiralis Geinitz, Monograptus sp. (of the M. priodon group), Stomatograptus grandis (Suess). (69CM179A; USGS colln. no. D277-SD) 4 Devonian; Gedinne; possibly M. praehercynicus Zone. Monograptus sp. (of the M. hercynicus group - cf. M. praehercynicus Jaeger). (69CM192; USGS D278-SD) 5 Silurian; Early Ludlow. Monograptus sp. (of the M. colonus type), Monograptus sp. (simple, tubular thecae - possibly a fragment of M. bohemicus). (69CM193; USGS D279-SD) 6 Silurian or Devonian; Ludlow - Gedinne. Linograptid?, monograptid with uncinate thecae. (69CM193A; USGS D280-SD) 7 Silurian-Devonian - probably Early Devonian. Monograptus sp. (uncinate thecae - M. hercynicus type). (69CM194; USGS D281-SD) 8 Silurian-Devonian; probably Gedinne; likely M. cf. M. praehercynicus Jaeger. Monograptus sp. (uncinate thecae - M. hercynicus type). (69CM195; USGS D282-SD) 9 Devonian; Early Gedinne; Monograptus uniformis Zone. Monograptus aff. M. praehercynicus Jaeger. (69CM196; USGS D283-SD) 10 Devonian; Early Gedinne; Monograptus uniformis Zone. Monograptus aff. M. praehercynicus Jaeger. (69CM198; USGS D284-SD) 11 Probably Silurian; possibly Late Llandovery Pridoli. Monograptus sp. (possibly M. dubius type). (69CM199; USGS D285-SD) 12 Probably Silurian; probably Late Llandovery Wenlock. Monograptus sp. (M. priodon type, probably cyrtograptid scraps?). (69CM200; USGS D286-SD) 13 Silurian; Late Llandovery - Pridoli. Monograptus sp. (M. dubius type). (69CM203; USGS D287-SD) 14 Silurian; probably Early Ludlow. Monograptus sp. (probably M. nilssoni Barrande). (69CM242; USGS D288-SD) Berry, W.B.N. (written commun., 1970, in Evans, 1980, p.48, 49). Graptolites. 15 Middle to Late Ordovician (L358) 16 late Middle to Late Ordovician; Zones 13-24 (L359) 17 late Middle to Late Ordovician; Zones 13-14 (L360) 18 Early to Middle Ordovician (L363) 19 Early to Middle Ordovician (L364) 20 Middle to Late Ordovician (L373) 21 Middle to Late Ordovician, probably Middle (L376) 22 late Middle to Late Ordovician (L377) Cellura (M.S. thesis in progress ). Radiolaria. 23 Latest Devonian; Late Famennian, Holoeciscus 3 Zone of Holdsworth (in Cheng, 1986). (EP 99 26) 24 Late Devonian to Mississippian. (EP 99 67) 25 Late Devonian to Mississippian; Upper Half of Entactiniid superzone of Noble and Aitchison (2000) or younger. (EP 99 69) 26 early Early Mississippian; Kinderhookian, Albaillella 1 Zone of Holdsworth (in Cheng, 1986). (EP 99 70)

Tmc

10

11
smf

12

32

33
Mac

34
Deep West

35

36

Dmsl,ca

Tmc

5600 DOwgc

27 latest Devonian; late Famennian, Holoeciscus 3 Zone of Holdsworth (in Cheng, 1986). (EP 99 71) 28 latest Devonian; late Famennian, Holoeciscus 3 Zone of Holdsworth (in Cheng, 1986). (EP 99 73) 29 Early Silurian; Llandoverian. Pylomate-large concentric sphaerellarian Zone 2 of Noble and Aitchison (2000). (EP 00 14) 30 Early Silurian; Llandoverian. Pylomate-large concentric sphaerellarian Zone 2 of Noble and Aitchison (2000). (EP 00 15) Evans and Cress (1972). 31 Silurian (E22) 32 Silurian (TM-F7-68) 33 Silurian (TM-F8-68) 34 Silurian (TM-F-23-68) 35 Devonian (69CM215) 36 Silurian (69CM274) 37 Devonian (70CM291) 38 Devonian (70CM292) 39 Silurian (70CM313) Finney, S.C., California State University, Long Beach (written commun. to R.W. Chorey, Newmont Mining Corp., 1994). Graptolites. 40 Middle Ordovician; Paraglossograptus tentaculatus Zone. Glyptograptus, Climacograptus, Paraglossograptus tentaculatus, Glossograptus, Bergstroemograptus crawfordi, Diplograptus, Pseudoclimacograptus, Didymograptus nodosus, Glyptograptus ?teretiusculus. (31-1) 41 Middle to Late Ordovician (size suggests Middle Ordovician). Pseudoclimacograptus, Orthograptus, ?Cryptograptus, Glyptograptus or Orthograptus. (31-3) 42 Middle to Late Ordovician. Orthograptus or Glyptograptus. (2082) 43 Early Ordovician to Early Silurian. Dichograptid stipe fragment, genus unknown. (3289) 44 Middle to Late Ordovician (large size suggests Middle Ordovician). Climacograptus, Orthograptus, Pseudoclimacograptus, Glyptograptus. (3333) 45 Middle to Late Ordovician. Orthograptus or Glyptograptus. (3334) Finney, S.C. (written commun. to K.E. Paul, NMC, 1995a). Graptolites. 46 Middle to Late Ordovician. Pseudoclimacograptus or Climacograptus. (WCG4) Finney, S.C. (written commun. to J.D. Phinisey, NMC, 1995b). Graptolites. 47 Early Devonian; M. hercynicus Zone. Monograptus hercynicus. (1-9-95-1) 48 Early Devonian; M. hercynicus Zone. Monograptus hercynicus. (1-9-95-2) Finney. S.C. (written commun. to J.W. Norby, NMC, 2001). Graptolites. 49 Middle Silurian; Wenlock Series. Pristiograptus sp. cf. P. praedubius (as described by Berry and Murphy, 1975). (NEGQ-stls1, 5325-foot bench) Firby, J.R. (written commun. to J.K. Mudge, NMC, 1995). Camel. Miocene; probably Clarendonian, possibly Late Barstovian. Aepycamelus, distal end of humerus. Sample not specifically located; from Carlin Formation, SE wall of Gold Quarry pit. Harris, A.G. (written commun. to L.D. Cress, USGS, 1969). Conodonts. 50 Late Ordovician (CM82; USGS 6752-CO) Harris, A.G. (written commun. to L.D. Cress, USGS, 1972). Conodonts. 51 Middle Devonian (70CM283, uppermost Dpsl Dp1, 5780-foot pre-mine surface elevation, 180 feet above map pit surface; USGS 8926-SD) Harris, A.G (written commun. to J.F. Smith, Jr., and K.B. Ketner, USGS, 1976). Conodonts. 52 Middle Ordovician (SF-230; USGS D912-CO) Harris, A.G. (written commun. to K.B. Ketner, USGS, 1977). Conodonts. 53 early Middle Ordovician; late early Whiterockian; Hi. holodentata Zone (9047; USGS 8778-CO) Harris, A.G. (written commun. to I.M. Johnston, NMC, 1995). Conodonts. 54 Middle Devonian; australis Zone to Middle varcus

55

56

West-of-West

Gold Quarry

Arehart and others (1992) 25.9 0.6 Ma K/Ar date on thick monomineralic, massive, earthy alunite vein, Rodeo Creek unit. Gold Quarry Mine, 5280-foot bench, north end of 1990 pit. (GQ 5280) Arehart and others (1993b) 1 194 5 Ma K/Ar date on sericite from limy siltstone (not decarbonatized) of the Roberts Mountains Formation. Maggie Creek Canyon. (MCC-3) Bagby and Pickthorn (1987) 27.9 Ma K/Ar date on finely crystalline, buff alunite from a 1- to 2-inch vein within a nearly vertical vein system in silicified siltstone of the Rodeo Creek unit. Gold Quarry mine, 5460-foot bench, northeast part of 1987 pit. (87GQ001, Sample No. 1) Branham (1994) 2 107 2 Ma K/Ar date on apparently secondary potassium feldspar from an oxidized and clayaltered hornblende-feldspar andesite dike. Interpreted to be in the Nebulous structural zone in the hanging wall of the Good Hope fault. Mike deposit core hole REB-40 (-64 angle, 233 azimuth), 814 feet down hole, 732 feet below surface. Contains 0.043 opt Au and 114 ppm Cu. (REB-40-814) 3 111 2 Ma K/Ar date on apparently secondary potassium feldspar in oxidized siltstone of Roberts Mountains Formation in the hanging wall of the Good Hope fault. Mike deposit core hole REB-40, 875 feet down hole, 787 feet below surface. Contains 0.071 opt Au. (REB-40-875) 4 71.6 1.8 Ma K/Ar date on secondary sericite after alkali feldspar from oxidized andesite dike interpreted to be in the Nebulous structural zone, in the hanging wall of the Good Hope fault. Mike deposit core hole REB-40, 906 feet down hole, 814 feet below surface. Contains 0.133 opt Au. (REB-40-906) 5 19.7 0.5 Ma K/Ar date on 2-inch alunite veins cutting andesite dike which is mineralized with secondary copper sulfides. Dike is interpreted to be in the Nebulous structural zone, in the hanging wall of the Good Hope fault. Mike deposit core hole REB-40, 1,260 feet down hole, 1,133 feet below surface. Contains 0.007 opt Au and 1.2 wt. % Cu. (REB-40-1260) Hausen (1986b) 30.0 1.2 Ma K/Ar date on white alunite from one of a series of near vertical 1-inch veins in the Rodeo Creek unit. Leach-grade oxide gold zone. Gold Quarry mine, 5500-foot bench, northwest wall of 1986 pit. (Sample A Lot No. 3197) Heitt (1992) 6 28.0 0.7 Ma K/Ar date on small pale purple alunite veins in carbonaceous, argillized siltstone of the Rodeo Creek unit. Gold Quarry Main ore zone, 5100-foot bench, 270 feet above map pit surface. (GQ 5100 66) 7 27.4 0.7 Ma K/Ar date on 2-5mm, pale purple alunite veins in silicified siltstone of the Rodeo Creek unit. Gold Quarry West ore zone, 5200foot bench, 200 feet above map pit surface. (GQ 5200 80) 8 27.7 0.7 Ma K/Ar date on alunite in alunitekaolinite-barite-quartz-matrix breccia developed in Rodeo Creek unit. Gold Quarry Feeder Zone ore zone, core hole GQ D9, 645 feet down hole. Vertical hole collared at 5452-foot elevation, so sample from 4807-foot elevation, 23 feet below map pit surface. (GQ D9 645) Henry and Faulds (1999) 9 36.22 0.0.17 Ma 40Ar/39Ar date on dacite intrusion cutting dacite lavas at Carlin Peaks. (H98-102)

57

58

25

Dmms,sm DOwpc
40 30

DOwsm
10 40 25

61 22

Dmsl,ca

69 0 0 DOwsm

85

40 35

25

15 35 35

40 45'
4511
65

39

36

65

80 20

DOwsm
65

50 50 25

40 45'

ta

in

DOwst,ss

15

DOw
ms

15

(Orobona,9 Norby, Olsen, and Roovaart, 2001)

10

11

900 meters

12

Dmsl,ca

45 000m 13 N

15 00

Tedvc

40

6700

Qc
TU S C

Mill tailings pond

5700

13

G - intercept grade, opt Au, wt. % Cu, wt. % Zn T - intercept thickness in feet, minimum 10-foot intercept

3,000 feet

Subzone. Polygnathus pseudofoliatus, Polygnathus linguiformis linguiformis gamma morphotype, Polygnathus spp. indet. fragments. (GQCS-12, limy Drcst above lower Drccs, 4950-foot bench, 250 feet above map pit surface; USGS 12478-SD) early Late Devonian probably; early Frasnian probably. Ancyrodella? sp. indet. fragment, Polygnathus spp. indet. (GQCS-14, 5450-foot bench; USGS 12479-SD) early Late Devonian; early Frasnian; no younger than Lower Pa. hassi Zone. Ancyrodella sp. indet. fragments, Icriodus sp. indet., Klapperina ovalis, Pandorinellina insita , Polygnathus alatus , Polygnathus cf. Po. brevis, Polygnathus dubius, Polygnathus spp. indet. (GQCS-16, 5675-foot bench; USGS 12480-SD) late Middle to early Late Devonian; Givetian to Frasnian. Polygnathus sp. indet. (GQCS-17, 5350foot bench; USGS 12481-SD) late Middle to early Late Devonian; late Givetian to very earliest early Frasnian; hermanni-cristatus Zone into lower part of Upper falsiovalis Zone. Belodella sp., Icriodus sp. indet., Polygnathus alatus, Po. cristatus, Po. linguiformis linguiformis gamma morphotype, Polygnathus spp. indet. fragments, Schmidtognathus sp. (GQCS-18, 5000foot bench; USGS 12482-SD)

69 Middle Ordovician; possibly Llandeilian; essentially zone 8 (USGS D912-CO) Huddle, J.W. (written commun. to L.D. Cress, USGS, 1970). Conodonts. 70 early Late Devonian and Ordovician; mixed or reworked assemblage. Acodina sp., Ancyrodella nodosa? Ulrich and Bassler, Diplododella sp., Hindeodella sp., Icriodus sp., Neoprioniodus sp., Nothognathella sp., Ozarkodina sp., Polygnathus asymmetrica ovalis Ziegler and Klapper, P. cf. xylus Stauffer, Schmidtognathus sp., and Spathognathodus sp. Also Falodus sp., Periodon sp., Scolopodus sp., and Panderodus sp. (70CM306) Huddle, J.W. (written commun., 1971, in Evans, 1980, p. 5052). Conodonts. 71 Late Devonian; near Frasnian-Famennian boundary; Palmatolepis triangularis Zone (L366) 72 early Late Devonian; Polygnathus asymmetricus Zone. (L367) 73 early Late Devonian; Polygnathus asymmetricus Zone. (L368) 74 Late Devonian; near Frasnian-Famennian boundary; Palmatolepis triangularis Zone. (L369) 75 early Late Devonian. (L371) 76 Late Devonian; Palmatolepis triangularis Zone. (L379) 77 early Late Devonian; probably in lower Palmatolepis gigas Zone. (L473) 78 Late Devonian; near Frasnian-Famennian boundary. (L475) 79 early Late Devonian; Polygnathus asymmetricus Zone. (L493) Ross, R.J. (written commun. in Roberts and others, 1967, p. 119, 126). Locations approximate (from 1:250,000-scale original map). Graptolites. 80 Middle to Late Ordovician, Caradoc (54F55) 81 Middle to Late Silurian, Wenlock to early Ludlow (54F86) Ross, R.J., Jr., and Berry, W.B.N. (written commun., 1962, in Smith and Ketner, 1975). Graptolites. Fossil zones are those of Elles and Wood (1914). Locations for USGS D952-CO to D958-CO roughly estimated from columnar section of rocks measured and sampled in N1/2 Sec 16, T33N, R51E (Smith and Ketner, 1975, fig. 4). Locations for other samples from 1:250,000-scale original map. 82 Late Ordovician; zones 12-13 (USGS D952-CO) 83 late Middle or Late Ordovician; zones 11-13 (USGS D953-CO) 84 late Middle or Late Ordovician; zone 11, may be zones 11-13 (USGS D954-CO) 85 late Middle Ordovician; zones 12-13 [D955(CO)] 86 Late Ordovician; zones 12-13 (USGS D956-CO) 87 Early Ordovician; probably zones 3-4 (USGS D957CO) 88 Middle Ordovician, probably older than USGS collections D954-CO, D953-CO, and D955-CO (D958-CO) 89 Ordovician (USGS D951-CO) 90 Ordovician (USGS D959-CO) 91 Middle Ordovician; zones 8-9 (USGS D1422-CO) 92 Late Ordovician (USGS D1423-CO) 93 late Middle to early Late Ordovician; zones 11-13 (USGS D1424-CO) 94 Late Ordovician (SF-272) Sandberg, C.A., USGS (written commun. to I.M. Johnston, NMC, 1995). Conodonts. 95 Late Devonian; early Famennian; Late rhomboidea Zone. Palmatolepis glabra acuta, Palmatolepis glabra lepta, Palmatolepis glabra pectinata , Palmatolepis glabra prima, Palmatolepis glabra subsp. indet., Palmatolepis rhomboidea. (GQN-1F) Sandberg and others (1989). Conodonts 96 Late Devonian; early Frasnian; transitans Zone. Presumably higher stratigraphic position than JC-2. (JC-1) 97 Late Devonian; early Frasnian; transitans Zone. (JC-2) Yochelson, E.L. (written commun. to L.D. Cress, USGS, 1969). Gastropod. 98 early Middle Ordovician. Palliseria robusta Wilson. (69CM201A)

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40 45 45

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Carlin Peaks
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dump

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4510000mN

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DOw 25

DOwc,sm,st
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BL

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GULC H

MID WE ST AT FA T IT UL T UD E FA ULT

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TE HI

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TJi
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Tmr float 23,24 15

4515000mN

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B
560

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BA D

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561

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18

00

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35

65

93

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T

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FAUL T

40 48'

ST

Geology of the Maggie Creek District


Carlin Trend, Eureka County, Nevada
Newmont Mining Corporation Geologists and Geophysicists
John W. Norby, geologic compiler
Randall W. Largent and Susan L. Tingley, cartographic compilers
SCALE 1:18,000 0 0 1,000 300 1 inch = 1,500 feet 2,000 600 3,000 900 1 cm = 180 meters
map area

AR

FA UL

40 47'

59 00

FAULT

4,000 feet 1,200 meters

CONTOUR INTERVAL 25 FEET

Mappers built upon local geologic principles established in earlier, smaller-scale geologic maps by Roberts, Montgomery, and Lehner (Eureka County, 1967); Evans and Cress (Schroeder Mountain Quadrangle, 1972); Evans (Welches Canyon Quadrangle, 1974b); and Smith and Ketner (Carlin-Pion Range area, including Carlin West Quadrangle, 1978).

FA UL

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Tmc

KW

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HR

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48
HOPE LITTLE AULT F W E ST

US T

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MI

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CH UK

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AR

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NEVADA

1. Arkell (1990a) 2. Arkell (1990b) 3. Arkell and Cole (1992) 4. Branham (1995b) 5. Chorey and Arkell (1993) 6. Cole (1992) 7. Evans (1968-71) in Evans (1974b) 8. Evans and Cress (1968-71) in Evans and Cress (1972) 9. Harris and Everhart (1992) 10. Longo (1984) 11. Mallette, Malan, Pietz, and Tusc-Gold Quarry Mines Geology Staff (1997) 12. Norby (1998) 13. Norby, Orobona, and Freeman (1997) 14. Norby, Teal, and Freeman (1996) 15. Orobona, Norby, and Freeman (1997) 16. Orobona (1997) 17. Phinisey and Reichl (1995) 18. Rota, Heitt, Rucknagel, and Tunney (1989) 19. Sagar, Chorey, Johnston, Kuiper-Creel, Malan, Pietz, Muirhead, Gerteisen, Strieb, Rota, Harris, and Gold Quarry Mine Geology Staff (1997) 20. Sagar, Kuiper-Creel, Peltonen, and Gold Quarry Mine Geology Staff (1998) 21. Sagar and Gold Quarry Mine Geology Staff (1999) 22. Teal (1997a) 23. Teal, Cole, and Bell (1994) 24. Thompson (1994)

5
Mike

AT T ITU D

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Geologic Mapping Sources

PIT

1,000 feet

North waste 300 meters dump

RO

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61

SUL FID E

8 (Qc), 15 4

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Tusc

#3

3 1 18 17 2,9
Gold Quarry
4517000mN

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Mac

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SOh

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ICE 68

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Tusc 1997

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Harris, A.G. and Stamm, N.R. (written commun. to I.M. Johnston, NMC, 1994). Conodonts. 59 latest Early Silurian to early Late Silurian; latest Wenlock to late Ludlow; Upper O. bohemica bohemica Zone to siluricus Zone. Kockelella variabilis ? fragment, Oulodus sp. indet., Ozarkodina excavata excavata, Panderodus spp. (GQCS-1; USGS 12343-SD) 60 earliest Late Devonian; early-middle Frasnian; Upper falsiovalis Zone through most of Lower hassi Zone. Ancyrodella sp. indet. fragments, Mesotaxis asymmetrica, Polygnathus brevilaminus. (GQCS-3; USGS 12344-SD) 61 late Middle to early Late Devonian (latest Eifelianmiddle Frasnian) or late Late Devonian (Famennian). Conodonts are broken, abraded, and covered with adventitious quartz silt and clay: Polygnathus spp. indet. of Givetian-Famennian morphotype, Polygnathus linguiformis or Po. semicostatus fragments. (GQCS-7, limy Drcst above lower Drccs, 4950-foot bench, 225 feet above map pit surface; USGS 12345-SD) 62 middle Middle Devonian; latest Eifelian to middle Givetian; ensensis Zone through Middle varcus Subzone. Icriodus sp. indet. of Early and Middle Devonian morphotype, Polygnathus xylus ensensis, Polygnathus linguiformis linguiformis gamma morphotype, Polygnathus sp. indet. (GQCS-8, 4975-foot bench; USGS 12346-SD) 63 latest Middle Devonian to earliest Late Devonian; latest Givetian to earliest Frasnian; upper half K. disparilis Zone to lower half transitans Zone. Belodella sp., Pandorinellina insita, Polygnathus dengleri, Polygnathus sp. indet. fragments. (GQCS10, uppermost part of Dpsl thrust slice, 5025-foot bench, 175 feet above map pit surface; USGS 12347-SD) 64 very latest Middle Devonian; latest Givetian; K. disparilis Zone. Ozarkodina sannemanni , Panderodus sp. indet., Pandorinellina insita, Polygnathus spp. indet. (GQCS-11, 5650-foot bench; USGS 12348-SD) Hass, W.H. (written commun. in Roberts and others, p. 131). Locations approximate 1967, (from1:250,000-scale original map). Conodonts. 65 late Middle to early Late Devonian (54F54) 66 very latest Middle to Late Devonian (54F54a) Huddle, J.W. (written commun., 1963, in Smith and Ketner, 1975). Conodonts. Fossil zones are those of Elles and Wood (1914). Locations roughly estimated from columnar section of rocks measured and sampled in N1/2 Sec 16, T33N, R51E (Smith and Ketner, 1975, fig. 4). 67 Middle Ordovician; possibly Llandeilian; essentially zone 8 (USGS D910-CO) 68 Middle Ordovician; possibly Llandeilian; essentially zone 8 (USGS D911-CO)

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F

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OM

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SM

HEWETTITE LANDSLIDE

Gold Quarry 1997 with 1998 and 1999 revisions


SCALE 1:12,000

4514

Gold deposits

4514

Welches Canyon 7.5' Quad Schroeder Mountain 7.5' Quad Emigrant Pass 7.5' Quad Carlin West 7.5' Quad

35 75

40 48'

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60
E

DSr
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25MO UN 30 TA IN

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64
st st

cs

st 40 Drc
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DEW A

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MC

Drccs HEWETTITE Drcst GRABEN S AN NOW TI Tmc C BIR Drc LINE D sm

Drcsm st st

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TJi
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ca

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Sedimentary Lithologies
ms sm st cs ss pc sl Mudstone ca Calcarenite Siliceous mudstone mc Micrite Siltstone gc Green chert Cherty siltstone bc Black chert Sandstone c Chert Pebble conglomerate g Greenstone Silty limestone

Metamorphic Lithologies
mb Marble csh Calc silicate hornfels

See accompanying text for references. See plate 3 for cross sections. This map has been prepared to depict general geology. The locations of section lines and surface mine facilities are approximate and should not be relied upon for any other purpose.

53

DSr

Qc

34

65 FA U

Tmc

LT

00 59

Maggie Creek dump

Tmc

0 0

1,000 feet 300 meters

Base map from 1992 aerial survey (Marys Mountain), 1995 aerial survey (rest of map), and 1997 pit surveys (Gold Quarry and Tusc Mines). Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology, University of Nevada, Mail Stop 178, Reno, Nevada 89557-0088 (775) 784-6691, ext. 2; nbmgsales@unr.edu; www.nbmg.unr.edu

5700

Dpsl

Drcsm

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70

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565

5600
566

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567