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AUGUST2013 LISTING

As the countrys leading specialist in supplying quality items to discerning collectors, investors, and shooters of antique and vintage arms we take pleasure in presenting our latest sales listing. On these pages you will find one of the best selections available. We are confident that this list offers the best value in the country, where you will find quality items, cheaper than encountered at arms fairs and with other dealers. We are full time professionals, not Arms Fair part timers who like to make a big profit at your cost. To survive we have to deal with people fairly and more than just once. Our regularly updated website now lists most of our stock, that you can view 24/7. You can look with pleasure; decide at leisure, no pressure, no crowd. We hope you enjoy this catalogue. If you have any queries or require further information on any item then please do not hesitate to get in touch. We look forward to hearing from you and being of service now and in the future.

In our opinion the collecting of antique and vintage arms brings history and the past closer to us, the people and events, their strengths and weaknesses, their skills and inventiveness; far more than any other collecting field. In fact it has been described as shaking hands with history. The items of our interest should not be just viewed as objects but pieces of history with stories to tell. They are about people and events and might have played their part in turning the tide of history, affecting events, Like Spencers at Gettysburg or the P51 Minnie in the Crimea. I have a view that as collectors we should aim to know as much about our interest as possible, we should be collectors of knowledge and not just objects. For with knowledge our collections can take on a far greater significance and give far greater pleasure. It is with this in mind that we have decided from time to time to include on this site an article written by us that we hope will be of both interest anduse to you.

Index
Americana & Civil War Pistols.. 2-27 Americana& Civil War Longarms....27- 47 Pistols.47-65 Military Longarms.. 65-75 Cased Sets...... 75-81 Sporting Arms....82-86 De-Acts &Clearance.86-92 Article...93-115

AMERICANA & CIVIL WAR PISTOLS


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A .54 U.S. Model 1826 Navy Flintlock Pistol Converted To Percussion. 8 barrel, feint Ordnance proofs at breech, swivel rammer, iron mounted full walnut stock. Flat bevelled lock, dated 1827 on tail. Made by Simeon North 1826-29 total contact 3000. Most were converted to percussion and due to limited production are quite rare. In vg cond. good stock, lock and barrel to steel grey patina. 695

A .54 US Model 1842 Percussion Pistol By H. Aston, 8 round barrel, US proofs to breech, swivel rammer hinged at muzzle. Walnut half-stocked and fitted with brass mounts, flat bevelled lock engraved US over H. Aston. Middtn. Conn 1847. Aston made and supplied the US Ordnance with 24,000 of these pistols 1846/50. In vg cond. with nice stock, sharp cartouches, barrel to blue grey patina. A rare collectors gun here in UK for those with an interest in American military and history. 850

A .31 Colt Model 1849 Pocket Percussion Revolver, Circa 1866, 4 octagonal barrel stamped in one line Address Col. Saml Colt New-York U.S. America five shot cylinder etched with stage coach scene, one piece walnut grips, brass back-strap and trigger guard.The gun is numbered in the 289,000 serial range dating 1866. The Colt pocket was Colts most popular percussion revolver, widely carried by many from all walks of life, with the shorter barrel suitable as a concealed weapon for normal civilians. Or as a back up gun for lawmen and gunfighters, many were also carried by soldiers as a personal protection arm. Due to mass production in the 1850s many went south and carried by confederates as well as union men during the Civil War. They are also widely known to have been used to deadly affect in the Goldfields of California. More Colt M49 Pocket revolvers were produced than any other percussion revolver, supporting the fact they were popular, practical and used, consequently important collectors items. Produced for 23 years many variations can be encountered, it is estimated that a complete collection would require 200 specimens. In a good sharp condition, nice grips, metalwork to a blue/grey patina, good action and bore. 850

A Fine .31 Colt Model 1849 Pocket Percussion Revolver, 4 octagonal barrel, struck with two line Colt New York address to top flat. Five shot cylinder. The pistol is numbered in the 121,7xx serial range dating to 1856 a good early pre Civil War revolver. It has been professionally refinished to the highest standards, is a sharp gun and like new, with exc. Grips all silver to back-strap and trigger-guard, case colours to frame and rammer. A fine looking with tight action and mint bore. If the finish was original it would be a gun substantially more. 895

A Fine& Early .36 Colt Model 1851 Navy Percussion Revolver Circa 1857 Pre-Civil War, 7 octagonal barrel, top flat stamped Address Saml. Colt New-York City.Fitted at muzzle with a white metal rocky mountain front sight. Six shot cylinder with good naval engagement scene, one piece slim Jim walnut grips. This revolver is numbered in the 65,500 serial range dating the pistol to late 1857, an early and pre-civil war Navy. A fine piece in exc. Cond. with sharp profiles, crisp cylinder scene, good grips, tight action and good bore, much original fading blue to metalwork, trigger guard and back-strap with 75% silver. Fine early specimens such as this are very hard to find now an excellent collectors gun and better than most that you will see at arms fairs and certainly cheaper. 1895

A Rare US Martial Issue .36 Colt Model 1851 Navy Percussion Revolver Circa 1857. 7 octagonal barrel, top flat stamped Address Saml. Colt New-York City.6 shot cylinder with traces of scene, the gun is numbered in the 57,200 serial range dating it to 1857and has cartouches to both sides of grips. Between Mid-1855 and Mid 1858 7700 Colt Navy revolvers were issued to regulars in the west, maybe this was one. In vg cond.With good grips, gun is fairly sharp o/a, metalwork to blue grey patina. Good action and bore. 1495.

, A Fine .44 Colt Model 1860 Army Percussion Civil War Revolver Circa 1862, 8 round barrel, top stamped with the Colt New York address, 6 shot rebated cylinder, creep style rammer. This was actually the invention of Elisa K. Root , Colts chief engineer in 1850. The pistol is numbered in the 154,000, serial range dating 1865 making it an Indian Wars Colt. The Colt M60 was the major revolver in use by northern forces during the C. W. the government purchased almost the entire production. They also saw service in the West in the Indian campaigns, when sold off as surplus many went west with farmers, settlers, prospectors and cowboys. Due to long hard usage good examples are hard to find, this is an above average specimen, good grips, clear barrel address, most cylinder scene, good action and bore, metalwork with mush original finish in protected areas balance to blue/brown patina. Colt Armys have been increasing in value, and becoming hard to find, at the arms fairs you will not find many under 2000., and one in this condition considerably more. 1895

A Good .44 Colt Model 1860 Army Percussion Revolver of the Civil War, 8 barrel struck with deep and clear Colt New York address, creep style rammer as invented by Elisa K. Root. 6 shot rebated cylinder with good clear scene, the walnut grips with feint inspecting officers cartouches. The gun is numbered in the 88,000 serial range dating it to 1863, a weapon that was issued during the civil war and might well have seen further use during the Indian Wars. A fine sharp specimen with good markings and scene, a credit to any collection. 1695

A, 44 Colt Army Model 1860 Percussion Revolver Of Civil Wars Period Made Circa 1862. Typical Colt Army with 8 round barrel, top stamped with the Colt New York Address, 6 shot rebated cylinder. One piece walnut grips, brass back-strap and trigger guard, The gun is numbered in the 63,xxx serial range dating 1862, a nice and early Army that must have seen service during the Civil War. In vg. Cond. Quite sharp overall, good action, a tidy collectors gun. 1395

A Rare .36 Colt Model 1861 Navy Percussion Revolver Circa 1864 Late Civil War Period, 7 round streamlined barrel stamped on top Address Col. Saml Colt New-York U.S. America. Creeping style loading lever fitted to the underside, six shot cylinder, one piece walnut grips. The gun is numbered in the 23,500 serial range dating 1864. Basically a streamlined version of the 51 Navy, considered by many to be the finest and best looking of all the Colt percussion revolvers. It is especially admired for its sleek design, excellent balance, a popular and practical .36 Calibre. Manufactured 1861 through to 1873 with a relatively limited production of only 38,843, there were a number of reasons for the small production, the first being the U.S. Ordnance preferred the 44 Colt Army and at the time they were Colts biggest customer, secondly, the 51 Navy was a popular design and preferred by many. Then the disastrous fire that destroyed much of Colts handgun facility in 1864. A surplus of ex-military handguns flooding the market after Appomattox in 1865 and the introduction of metallic cartridge revolvers. A very rare collectors Colt especially when in fine cond. It being one of the best we have seen, with sharp profiles, exc. Grips clear cylinder scene, much original finish in protected areas, balance to blue/grey patina. A superb collectors items, in vg+condand crisp o/a. nice grips. Fading blue patina. 1895

A Scarce & Good .36 Colt Model 1862 Police Percussion Revolver, 6 round streamlined barrel the top struck with Colt single line address, 5 shot fluted cylinder, plain frame stamped Colts Patent. Brass back-strap and trigger-guard traces of plating remaining, one piece walnut grips. The revolver is numbered in the 35,000 serial range dating 1867 first year of production. Only 28,000 M62 Colt Police revolvers were made and numbered in the same serial range as the Pocket Navy. Many of the late production were converted to cartridge, making the original percussion models quite scarce. Believed by some to be the most attractive of all Colt percussion revolvers.In fine cond.A very sharp and crisp example with much fading finish. If it is of interest to you the infamous Confederated guerrilla leader William C. Quantrill carried a similar Colt 62 Police revolver. 1500

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A Scarce & Good .36 Colt Model 1862 Police Percussion Revolver Made Circa 1864 Late Civil War, 4 round streamlined barrel the top struck with Colt single line address, 5 shot fluted cylinder, plain frame stamped Colts Patent. Brass back-strap and trigger-guard, one piece walnut grips. The revolver is numbered in the 17,500 serial range dating 1864 the year of the fire at the Colt factory, reputedly started by Southern sympathizers. In fine o/a cond. With exc. Grips, sharp profiles and fading finish to blue/grey patina, good action and bore. A fine gun and better than most a credit to any collection. 1195

11

A Rare .38 Rimfire Model 1861 Colt Richards Mason Navy Metallic Cartridge Revolver, 4 barrel struck with the Colt New York address to top, ejector housing secured to rightside of barrel, frame stamped Colts Patent. 6 shot cylinder etched with the a good clear scene. The gun is numbered in the 700 serial range with a No 1 stamped underneath the main number, a feature found on some of the early conversions, the gun bears the Richards Mason conversion No 1972. Is in vg+ cond. with 50% + nickel and ivory grips.A very rare and terrific looking piece. 2250

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A Rare U. S. Naval Issue .36 Whitney Second Model Percussion Revolver, 7 Octagonal barrel top flat stamped E, Whitney/New Haven, and with an anchor over U.S. The 6 shot cylinder is also stamped with an anchor over U.S. two piece walnut grips. The Whitney was one for the first American solid frame revolvers and an early competitor to Colt following the expiration of his patents in 1857. These Whitney revolvers were made from the late 1850s to the mid 1860s approx. 33,000 produced. The gun was quite popular during the Civil War with more than half of production purchased by the Army and Navy. It is numbered in the 24,100 serial range dating 1863. A Rare collectors revolver, in vg cond. With sharp profiles, good grips, metalwork to a blue/grey patina, good action and bore. 1495.

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A .36 Whitney Navy Second Model Percussion Revolver, 7 octagonal barrel top flat stamped E Whitney/New Haven, 6 shot cylinder and two piece walnut grips. It is said that the Whitney was a combination of the Colt and Remington Beals revolvers. It is numbered in the 9500 serial range dating 1862 and as most of these were either purchased by the Government or individual States for issue their forces it undoubtedly saw Civil War Service. In vg. Cond. Good grips, metalwork with fading finish in protected areas and blue/grey patina to balance, good action and bore. A good collectors piece. 1295

14

A .36 Manhattan Navy Series IV Percussion Revolver, 6 Octagonal barrel top flat stamped Manhattan Fire Arms Co, Newark N.J. / Patented March 8 1864. 5 shot cylinder engraved with military and naval panel scenes. The Manhattan is obviously modelled on the Colt having the calibre and power of the Colt Navy, with the lightness of the Pocket making it a light to carry, fast and easy to use. The Manhattan was a successful gun and carried by many including Samuel Hartzell who travelled across the plains to the Rockies in 1860. He later returned to Missouri and bought a herd of high quality cattle to stock his ranch at South Park, Colorado. A Manhattan similar to this at his side. This example in vg cond. with sharp profiles, exc. grips, metalwork with fading blue finish, good bore, a very good example 895.

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A .44 Remington New Model Army Percussion Revolver Late Civil War Or Indian Wars Period, 8 octagonal barrel top flat stamped with Remington legend, 6 shot cylinder and two piece walnut grips. The gun is numbered in the 87,xxx serial range and dates 1864/65. The Remington lacked the pre-war reputation of the Colts and were never as popular in the minds of Civil War soldiers. Those who used them found them a very serviceable and reliable weapon. In vg+ cond. having sharp profiles, good grips and fading blue patina, tight action, A nice collectors piece. We have a small quantity in this condition 1495

16

A Good .44 Remington New Model Army Percussion Revolver Of The Civil War & Indian Wars, 8 octagonal barrel top flat stamped with the Remington legend. 6 shot cylinder, two piece walnut grips, the gun is numbered in the 51,xxx serial range dating 1863. The revoler is in exc. Cond. With approx. 80% blue, fine grips with 6 notches, fine bore and action. A fine piece. We have a few in this condition. 1895

A .44 U.S. Civil War Model 1858 Starr Percussion Double Action Revolver, 6 barrel, stamped on frame Starr Arms Co. New York and Starr Patent Jan 15, 1856. 6 shot cylinder, one piece walnut grips. Approx 23,000 D/A Starr army revolvers were made at the Starr factories in Binghampton and Yonkers, New York, between the 1859 and 1863. It is an interesting and strong design, although termed a double action, it is more of a self cocking revolver as the gun cannot be used by pulling back on the hammer alone. In fact it takes a little getting used too. In vg cond. Good grips and action, metalwork to a grey/brown patina. We have a quantity. 1300

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A Good .44 U. S. Civil War Model 1863 Starr Percussion Single Action Revolver, 8 round barrel with under mounted lever, plain 6 shot cylinder, two piece frame, one piece walnut grips. The Starr single action was designed as an improved and less costly successor to the Starr double action Model of 1858. The original design was that of Ebenezer Starr who sold the rights of manufacture to the Starr Arms Co. they set up factories for its manufacture and sought government contracts. Next to Colts and Remingtons the Starr was the next major revolver bought by the U.S. government during the Civil War. Between 1863 & 65 approx. 32,000 of this model were purchased and 20,000 of the earlier model 1858 double action. They were extensively issued to many cavalry regiments and captured ones also used by the Confederates. It is an interesting action, well thought out designed and made, the single action was the preferred model they were highly regarded by those that carried them. In vg cond. with fading blue finish. Good grips, action and bore. A good piece for collector or shooter 1195

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A Rare& Fine .44 Rogers & Spencer U.S. Issue Percussion Single Action Revolver, 7 octagonal barrel , top strap stamped Rogers & Spencer / Utica N.Y. Plain 6 shot cylinder, solid frame, two piece walnut grips. The story of the Rogers & Spencer is quite an interesting one, originally the firm was set up to produce the Pettengill double action revolver, which after considerable problems and cancellations was accepted by the US ordnance, but the order reduced from 5000 to 2000. The army did not consider the Pettengill suitable for its purpose and had no interest in further supplies, this must have caused the firm considerable financial difficulty. They persevered, obtained the rights to Freeman revolver, and modified the design using the Pettengill barrel, loading lever and sight, possibly to use up parts in store and save altering their tooling. The end result being the Rogers & Spencer, an order for 5000 at $12 each was placed by General Dyer in November 1864 who might have felt a little guilty about reducing the original order for Pettengill revolvers. It is interesting that although thousands of other revolvers were pouring into Ordnance store Senior Inspector Captain R. P. Barry stopped his labours with Starr or Remington and placed his cartouche of acceptance on the grips. Deliveries were swift from January to September 1865 the 5000 revolvers at $12 totaling $60,000 to the USA government for guns that at this late date had very little military value. The pistols remained in store at New York arsenal until 1870 when offered for public sale by seal bid. At the time a 19

lot of 20,000 Starr revolver were sold to Austin Baldwin & Co for $8 each. But the Rogers & Spencers were not sold. They remained in store until March 1904 when they were sold to Bannerman at a government scrap sale of old arms. Bannermans advertising stated We had the entire lot of 5000, which were considered so good, that they were held in reserve.Revolvers never out of their original casesWe have sold off all the surplus, reserving enough for our customers (100 offered) who are collecting rare weapons at $2.85 each. Ironically the shipment costing $60,000 in 1865, probably worth $30,000 in 1870. But maybe General Dyer felt so attached to them he refused to sell for a low bid and the guns remained in store another 30 or so years . Bannerman bought them for the scrap value said to be 25cents a gun. Such is the way Governments waste our money. The Rogers & Spencer is said to be the finest of all Civil War revolvers. This specimen numbered in the 1300 serial range in vg cond. In exc. Cond. With much deep blue remaining, exc. Grips, fine for. A superb collectors items. 1895

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A Fine & Rare .50 C/F Model 1867 Remington Rolling Block Navy Pistol. 7 round barrel, frame stamped Remingtons Ilion N.Y. U.S.A./Pat. May 3rd Nov. 15th, 1864. April 17th, 1866. The rightside of the frame bears the naval inspectors stamp of P/FCW and on the barrel the I / E.B./ (Anchor). Two piece walnut stock. These rare Naval Remington Rolling Block pistols are believed to be modifications of the Model 1865, which was originally made in 50 R/F with an 8 barrel. 5000 of these Rolling Block pistols were acquired by the U.S. Navy in approx. 1870. The same action possibly surplus parts were used to produce a cadet rifle. This specimen in excellent condition, with most mottled grey action, fading blue to barrel and excellent bore.Fine stock.A rare gun and a credit to any collection. 1595

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A Good & Rare .50 C/F Model 1871 Remington Rolling Block Army Pistol, 8 round barrel, frame stamped Remingtons Ilion N.Y. U.S.A. / Pat. May 3rd Nov. 15th, 1864 April 17th, 1866 P S. Walnut grips and forend, grips stamped with the inspecting officers cartouche C.R.S Curtis R Sticknet. The distinctive profile of the M71 evolved from improving the 1867 naval model, most noticeable is the hump at the rear of the frame, to improve the grip. This rare pistol is in excellent condition having exc. grips, faded colour to action and 80% blue to barrel, good bore and action. A fine collectors item, and difficult to better. We had three of these rare Rolling Block pistols with the previous list; this is now the last one. 1795

Surprisingly The M71 Rolling Block pistol was the first choice of the St. Ordinance Board set up to examine experimental cartridge handguns. It examined and tested five different Remington revolvers, one of which was a conversion carried out at Springfield, two rolling block pistols, two .44 Whitney revolvers, a National Arms Co front loading revolver and the 22

latest Smith & Wesson design. The government ordered 5000 to troop trials. Instead of paying cash for this arm the Ordnance Dept. sent 5000 unused Remington New Model .44 to the factory at Ilion and got 5000 single shot pistols in return. By March 1872 the first issue was to F company the 4th cavalry, but no ammunition was supplied. The situation was soon remedied and further issues made to the First, Second, Fifth and Sixth cavalry Regts. At least 1500 of these big pistols were issued to regiments in the west, the troopers of course preferred revolvers and by this time Colt conversions were being issued as well as the 44 Smith & Wesson both of which were preferred to the Remington. It seems most were withdrawn by late 1875, eventually sold off as surplus to the Civilian market. Some are known to have been sold by the Montana Armoury Bozeman in the 1880s

A Rare .38 R/F Whitney Navy Cartridge Conversion Revolver, 7 Octagonal barrel, 6 shot cylinder, solid frame, two piece walnut grips. Originally made as a percussion revolver and converted in the early 1870s. The conversion was carried out by turning down the percussion cylinder and adding an extension piece, cutting the frame to accept a backing plate and machining a loading channel through the right hand recoil shield. The conversion method is almost identical to that carried out on the Remington New Model Army revolvers. The gun bears the conversion No 100. Whitney cartridge conversions are exceptionally rare this is the first one we have seen. In vg cond. good grips, sharp profiles, fading nickel finish. A rare collectors item. 1100

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A Rare .32 R/F Remington New Model Pocket Conversion Revolver,3 octagonal barrel, top flat stamped with the Remington legend, solid frame, spur trigger, plain 5 shot cylinder and two piece walnut grips. Remington started production of this model in percussion in 1863, total production of the percussion model and the metallic cartridge variation was 25,000. In the early 1870s this cartridge model was brought out. It is interesting in that it features a two piece cylinder which has to be removed for loading and unloading. In VG+ cond. Exc. Grips, sharp profiles overall, metalwork to a blue/grey patina. 595

A 32 R/F Smith & Wesson Model 1 2nd Issue Revolver, 3 barrel stamped with company name and patent date, 5 shot fluted cylinder, spur trigger, two piece rosewood grips. A very popular gun made circa 1868-75 and over 100,000 made. In vg cond. Good grips. 550

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A .44 Smith & Wesson Old Model Russian Single Action Revolver, 7 barrel, top stamped with the Smith & Wesson legend, 6 shot fluted cylinder, two piece ivory grips, spur trigger guard. This model revolver was produced circa 1873-78 total production 85,200 of which 70,000 are believed to have been supplied to Russia, 1000 to Turkey and 5000 to Japan who apparently objected to the marking of Russian Model and had it removed. These figures give us a total of 76,000 contract arms leaving approx. 9,200 produced for the commercial market making this quite a rare gun. It is in the 30,xxx serial range dating 1875. A rare and sought after gun.In vg.Cond. With nice attractive grips, good bore and action, metalwork to blue/grey patina, a rare collectors gun. 1495

A. 41 R/F Remington O/U Derringer, 3 round barrels to flat stamped Remington Arms Co. Ilion, N.Y. two piece hard rubber grips. A classic collectors derringer in vg cond. to blue/grey patina, good grips with a little wear. 550 25

A .41 R/F Southerner Derringer, 2 Oct. barrel, top flat struck Southerner, Brown Mfg. Co. Newbury Port. Mass. Brass frame, two piece walnut grips. Made C 1869/73 approx. 10,000 of this model made. Exc. o/a cond. 495

A 32 R/F Smiths Patent Pocket Revoler, 3 round barrel, 5 shot fluted cylinder, two piece Rosewood grips. In vg cond.With most nickel finish. 350

A .32 R/F True Blue Pocket Revolver, 2 round barrel. In exc. Cond. with sharp profiles, exc. walnut grips, all original nickel finish. A fine example. 295

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A .38 R/F Forehand & Wadsworth Saturday Night Special Revolver, 2 round barrel. 5 shot fluted cylinder, 2 piece rosewood grips. In vg+ cond. With most nickel finish, exc. Grips and good action. 395.

A .38 R/F Forehand & Wadsworth Centre Hammer Single Action Pistol, 1 Octagonal barrel, plain 5 shot cylinder, spur trigger and two piece rosewood grips. Made in the 1870s estimated quantity made is a few thousand. In vg cond. Exc. Grips, metalwork to a grey patina. 375.

AMERICANA LONGARMS
A Fine .58 U.S. Civil War Special Model 1861 Percussion Rifle-Musket By Lamson, Goodnow& Yale 1862, Marked To New Jersey, 40 barrel rifled with 3 grooves, crisp US Ordnance proofs at breech and also stamped there N. J. battle leaf sights, iron mounted walnut stock. Lock stamped with the U.S. Eagle cypher and L. G. & Y. Windsor Vt. Dated 1862 The source of design of this Civil War rifle is attributed to Colt, and the pattern based on the P53 Enfield. Colt was the main supplier of this model produced 1861-65, the firm of L.G.Y supplied 50,000 to the US Ordnance. Incidentally it was this firm who took over the Robbins and Lawrence plant in Windsor. A Civil War rifle of mid C/W period in exc. cond. with fine stock, barrel and lock to arsenal bright finish and mint.bore. Very Rare to find in this condition and State marked as well, issued to a New Jersey Regt during the Civil War 1495

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A Good .58 U.S. Civil War Model 1861 Percussion Rifle-Musket By Whitney, 40 barrel rifled with 3 grooves, leaf battle sights, Iron mounted full walnut stock, 3 spring retained barrel bands. Lock stamped with the Eagle over U.S. and in the center Whitneyville. The Whitney company supplied 15,000 of these, in 1861 it had a contract for 40,000 which it voided and concentrated on state contracts and the Plymouth rifle contracts. The rifle is in vg+ cond. With exc. Stock, barrel to arsenal bright finish and exc. Bore. A fine piece. 1395

A .58 U.S. Civil War Model 1861 Percussion Rifle-Musket By Alfred Jenks & Son, Bridesburg, Made to the Springfield pattern with40 barrel, leaf battle sights, iron mounted full walnut stock, lock stamped with the U.S. eagle cypher and Bridesburg dated 1862 Alfred Jenks & Son produced M61 rifles for the Government 1861-65 totalling 98,464 weapons making them one the largest contactors. This is an early Civil War rifle and must surely have seen service and action during that great conflict. In vg+ cond. with fine stock, metalwork with sharp profiles and blued finish. 1295

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A .54 5th Model Burnside U. S. Civil War Patent Capping Breech Loading Carbine, 21 round barrel with leaf sights, iron mounted two piece walnut stock, back action lock stamped Burnside Rifle Co / Providence=R.I. Breech end of barrel marked Cast Steel and on top of frame Burnsides Patent / March 25th 1856 on breech block Model of 1864. The Burnside was the third most widely used carbine used by Union cavalry, from 1861 on the government purchased and issued over 50,000. The breech loading mechanism is simple and effective. Lowering the the operating lever which also served as a trigger guard. The breech block was opened and tilted up, this block contained a cone shaped cavity into which a metallic cartridge of the same shape was dropped, with the bullet facing up. On closing the chamber rotated forward fitting the bullet into a chamber in the barrel. Ignition was by means of the standard percussion cap exploded by and external hammer, a small hole in the base of the cartridge case allowed the fire to pass through. In vg.Cond. good stock, metalwork to blue/grey patina. 1295

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The inventor was Ambrose E. Burnside an army officer and later to become a famous Civil War General. It is said that he developed the idea of this breech loading system while carrying despatches during the war with Mexico. He resigned his commission in 1853 to devote his time to its development, in 1855 he set up the Bristol Firearms Co to manufacture and market arms to his design. In April 1856 the government purchased 200 carbines, the following year after trials the Burnside was rated the best carbine of those tested. This lead in 1858 to a further purchase of 709 carbines, issues were made to the Ist Regt of Cavalry. A further trial board was conducted in 1860 to test the various breech loading systems being offered. Although the board considered the Burnside capable of giving good service, they thought it inferior to the Smiths and Maynards for military service. By this time Burnside had no connection with the firm, in 1857 he had over stretched himself financially, to try to easy his situation he offered the government his patents, machinery and a large quantity of arms either finished or in various stages of manufacture, for $120,000. On refusal he had to turn everything over to his creditors, who reorganised the company as the Burnside Rifle Co and set about marketing the system commercially and pursue a government contact. He returned to the army becoming a Major General and to lead the Army of the Potomac during the campaigns of 1862 & 63. After the war he became Governor of Rhode Island, Senator and President of the National Rifle Assoc. He did not receive a cent for his invention, from the Burnside Co. Over the years the Burnside design was modified and improved there were 5 models although there is some confusion on if there are 4 or 5 as it is only recently the 5th model has been acknowledged. It difference over the 4th model and was known to collectors as the standard model is just a screw fitted in the action body, to act as a guide. Models No 1 to 4 seem to be in a continual serial range, but the 5th model in a range of its own and produced in the greatest quantity and had the widest issue. The Burnside saw extensive use in both theatres of the war, captured Burnsides were widely used by the Confederates. Federal Units issued with them were:- 2, 3, 6, 12, 14, 16, IL; 3 IN: 3 IA; 1, 5, 6, 7, 11 KY; 1 ME; 1 MI; 6 MO; 1, NJ; 2, 3, NJ; 1 NY Vet: 2, 3, 11, 12, 14, 15, 21, 25, NY; 1, 4, 5, 6, 7 OH: &, 8, 9, 12, 13, 14, 15, 20 PA; 3 WV; 2, 4 WI. On confederate side :- 2 NC; 8 TX; 6, 7, 11, 12 VA & 35 Bn VA, Over 50,000 were supplied most from 1863 onwards by then the company had organised and become very professional in its production, having invested heavily in plant and machinery. With the success of the Spencer the company stopped production of the Burnside and produced Spencer carbines under contract to the government supplying over 30,000 in 1865. Like so many gunmakers who relied on the Government for contracts, the end of the war meant the end of them and the Burnside Co. closed up shop.

Two Union troopers with Burnside carbines the one on the left also has a Colt Navy in his belt

General Ambrose Burnside, apparently he was famous for his sideburns, legend has it that the term sideburn came from him because of this. Guess what Gen. Joe Hooker made famous

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A Good U. S. Civil War 52 Sharps New Model 1863 Capping Breech Loading Carbine, 22 barrel, Sharpes legend to top and also marked New Model 63, elevating sight, iron mounted two piece walnut stock. Breech frame stamped with the Sharps patent legend, and the lock plate with the Sharps and Lawrence patent legend relating to the lock and pellet primer system. The gun is numbered in the 74,000 serial range dating 1863. In July 1863 it was decided that further Sharps carbines supplied would be without patch-box. They were designated and marked New Model 63, and slightly cheaper. Between 1861 & 65 the North purchased approx. 80,000 carbines of these over 40,000 were New Model 63s. Sharps carbines were well known as a rugged and reliable arm for nearly a whole decade prior to the Civil War. The first Sharps used by U. S. forces were issued in 1854. From that time until the end of the Civil War it proved its value in every major cavalry action A total of 80 cavalry regts were armed with them. It was a highly thought of arm, an officers survey of 1863/64, revealed that out of 422 officers 215 considered it the best arm in service, 199 as good, 3 as fair and 5 poor. The fire-power was shown at the Gettysburg when General Burfords cavalry was able to delay the Confederates until the Union Infantry was able to relieve them. This specimen must have seen service during the Civil War. After the Civil War together with the Spencer it became the standard arm of the cavalry and seen extensive use in the Indian Wars of the late 1860s. Many were converted to metallic cartridge to extend their working life. Large quantities were sold off as surplus, many went west with farmers, settlers, cowboys etc, they were cheap guns sold at a fraction of their cost price. In v.g. condition, with fine stock. bearing feint cartouches, a diamond shaped piece of bone or ivory has been inlaid in the left butt. Barrel with fading blue finish, good bore, a desirable collectors piece. 1995

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Did you ever wonder why a cowboy was called a cowboy? Well this is why. A real cowboy with a Sharps carbine

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A .50 Smiths U. S. Civil War Patent Capping Breech Loading Carbine, 21 octagonal to round barrel, elevating sight, breech stamped Address Poultney & Trimble/Baltimore, USA/ Smiths Patent /June 23 1857. Two piece iron mounted walnut stock. This carbine was the invention of Gilbert Smith a physician of Buttermilk Falls, New York. He received 3 patents covering his design the first of which was granted in 1855. To operate, the brass lifter in front of the trigger is pressed upwards, rising the long spring locking catch and allowing the carbine to break open in a folding motion. This exposes the chamber for inserting the special Smiths patent rubber cartridge, although another cartridge of foil and paper was also used. The commission agents for the Smith carbine were the firm of Poultney & Trimble who at the time were the largest importers of arms into the USA. Manufacture was under contract to American Arms Co. In vg.Cond. Good stock, barrel to blue/grey patina, good action and bore, sight slider missing. 1295

The Smith patent system worked well and 30,000 were acquired by the army seeing extensive service, with issues to 1st Massachusetts; 6th& 9th Ohio; 1st Connecticut; 7th& 17th Pennsylvania; 7th& 11th Illinois: and the 3rd West Virginia cavalry regts. During the battle of Gettysburg, the 17th Penn. & the 3rd W. Virginia who were armed with the Smith, who were part of General Bufords cavalry, helped check the Confederate advance. The Ordnance Dept. survey revealed of 86 officers; 46 considered it the best; 17 a good weapon.11 fair; 4 poor; and 8 worthless. Their major complaint was that the spring on top of the barrel broke, and withdrawing the fired case could be difficult. In spite of this they remained in service into the 1870s with the volunteers, an Ordnance record of 1869 mentions the issue of 1000 Smith carbines in Dakota. Followed in 1870 by a further quantity of Burnsides. 33

A .54 U.S. Civil War 2nd Model Merrill Capping Breech Loading Carbine, with 22 barrel fitted with the standard U.S. leaf battle sights, walnut half stocked with brass mounts and one brass barrel band, Flat bevelled lockplate stamped with the U.S. Eagle cypher and J.H. Merrill Balto. /Pat. July 1858 / Apl. 9 May 21-28-61, dated 1863 on tail.. The breech-loading system is based on that of the Jenks but modified to use a combustible cartridge rather than loose powder and ball. To load the trooper lifted a lever set into the top of the carbine breech, drawing back a plunger to which it was linked. A cartridge was then placed in the open breech, closing the lever activated the plunger pushing the cartridge into the chamber. A standard percussion cap was placed on the nipple to discharge the piece. 14,945 carbines were supplied to the North and 800+ rifles. In VG cond. with fine stock, metalwork to grey/brown patina, exc. bore. A rare piece here in UK. Now only one left1495.

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The Government contracted for the supply of approx. 15,000 carbines, with issues starting in 1861, the last delivery of 1200 being in July 1864. In spite of the large numbers acquired the Merrill was never popular in service and by 1863 its issue was largely concentrated in the Western theatre of the war, very few remained in use by the Army of the Potomac cavalrymen. Early issues of Merrill carbines resulted in many being captured by the Confederates and their use by southern horsemen was common. The Federal Regts. Issued with the Merril were:- 1 DE, 7 IN, 2 KS, 5 KS, 14 KS, 11 MO, 1 NY, 5 NY, 18 NY, 5 PA, 11 PA, 17 PA, 18 PA, 2 TN, 5 TN, 1 WI, 3WI. The Confederates who carried them:- 1 VA, 7 VA, 11 VA, 12 VA, 14 VA, 35 Bn. VA.

A confederate trooper with eyeCatching trousers and a Merrill Carbine.

A Confederate soldier holding his Maynard carbine.

A ,50 U.S. Civil War Gallagher Capping Breech Loading Carbine, 22 barrel with leaf sights, iron mounted walnut buttstock with patchbox, no forend fitted. Back action lock stamped Manufactd. By / Richards &Overman / Philada. The Gallagher employed a breech action which consisted of a lever/trigger guard combination, that when pushed down allowed the barrel to slide forward and tip down for loading. A brass case containing the powder and bullet could be inserted directly into the breech end of the barrel. Raising the lever closes 35

the weapon and seats the base of the cartridge into the breech; ignition is by the standard cap being struck by the hammer. In vg+ cond. good stock, sharp with nice age patina, barrel and action to blue brown patina, good bore. Now only one left. 1495

The Gallagher carbine was the invention of a Southerner Mahlon J. Gallagher of Savannah Georgia, and patented by him in July 1860 just in time for the Civil War. He claimed in his patent design would cause the easy removal of the Cartridge by having the breech slide forward and drop down exposing the breech with plenty of space to grip the cartridge. This was the major defect of the Gallagher a lack of extractor. The firm of Richardson &Overman obtained the rights of manufacture and proceeded to convince the Government to purchase from them. Initially 200 were acquired in August 1861. A sample was sent by the makers to the Asst. Sec. of War Thomas A Scott and was highly impressed with it, he then ordered General Ripley to place an order for 5000 which was done on 17th Sept. 1861 all were delivered by Sept. 1862 further contracts followed and 17,728 were supplied. They were issued to the following federal units:- 2 AR; 13 IL; 3 IN; 9 IN; 4 IA; 7 IA 9 KS; 8 KY; 5 KY; 4 MO: 1 NY; 9 OH: 10 OH; 20 PA: 21 PA; 1 TN; 2 TN; 8 TN; 9 TN. On the Confederate side at least the 11 VA cavalry had them. A .54 U.S. Civil War Starr Capping Breech Loading Carbine 21 barrel, stamped Starr Arms Co/Yonkers, N.Y. With leaf battle sights, and on breech two piece brass mounted walnut stock. Breech marked Starrs Patent/Sept.14th 1858. Back-action lock also struck Starr Arms Co. Designed by Ebenezer T. Starr descended from a family of long established and respected gunmakers, he was also responsible for the Starr revolvers. The Starr had a fixed barrel and a hinged two piece breech, the breech block hinged under the breech end of the barrel and was backed by a vertically sliding wedge controlled by the trigger guard / operating lever. Pushing down on the lever withdrew the wedge and allowed the breech block to pivot back and down, exposing the chamber for loading. The Starr used a linen combustible cartridge similar to the Sharps which had no gas sealing ability. An annular groove in the breech block and a tight mechanical fit hopefully sealed the breech. In early tests, some officers considered the Starr to be superior to the Sharps which it resembles. In vg.cond. With nice stock, barrel with fading blue finish, exc. bore. A good 36

piece with an interesting Civil War history. We had five of these carbines now only one left in stock. 1595

While he was developing his revolver, Starr patented in 1858 his breech loading carbine design, it was tested by the Ordnance even before the patent was granted. It performed well with Both the Army and Navy testing officers liking it, one even considering it superior to the Sharps. Ebenezer Starr assigned the patent rights of both his revolver designs and his carbine to a group of business men. They formed the Starr Arms Co with offices at 267 Broadway, New York. A factory employing 225 was at Binghamton and in full production making revolvers for the Government. The company built a new factory in Yonkers to produce the carbines a contact for 20,000 had been granted to them. Deliveries did not start until July 1863 with the final delivery in August 1864 20,602 had been supplied. They were quickly and widely issued to the following Federal Regts:- 1 AR; 13 IL; 9 IA; 5 KS; 3MI; 11 MO; 12 MO; 1 NY Vet; 12 NY; 24 NY; 19 PA; Merrills Horse. The only Regt. Who it is known marked their carbine were the 1st AR. . While tests in 1858 considered the Starr superior to the Sharps, this was not the opinion of the 78 officers responding to the Ordnance survey. Only 17 considered it fair to good, while 61 considered it poor to worthless. One officer wrote Starrs carbine is an evasion of Sharps patent with none of it virtues. The action is too light and complicated, works well enough when new, but the least dirt and fouling deranges it. It requires both hands to close the lever, the cartridge is not readily placed straight in the barrel, and the gas check is imperfect. After some use the salt petre corrodes the barrel where it enters the gas check, rendering the lever doubly hard to open. As the part becomes more corroded the gas escape increases and the discharge impaired. When this occurs it can only be mended by a new barrel and gas check, otherwise a new carbine. Never the less, they were extensively issued and used seeing much active service on Civil War battlefields. Quantities were sent to garrisons in the west and issued to the various 37

state volunteer units, and were most probably better than most of the arms in such stations, which were obsolete and old muzzle loaders that no one else wanted. Though having said that there is the story of a detachment of Colorado Cavalry hard on the trail of an Arapaho raiding party, finally catching up with their quarry , then finding that only 2 out of 12 of their Starr carbines would fire. It is quite possible of course the carbines were badly maintained or the ammunition was faulty. It did not stop a member of the outfit to record The Starr carbine is capable of throwing a ball with great force and accuracy when properly adjusted, but of uncertain fire. A very important defect when a brave mans life depends on it. In spite of this shortly later it did not stop Colonel John M Chivington requesting an issue of Starr carbines to his command of Colorado volunteers, by November 1864 this had been carried out. Erratic in use as some described them it was Starr and Sharpes carbines that accompanied the Colorado volunteers to Sand Creek in late November 1864. Here they found camp of Chief Black Kettle, made up of Cheyenne and Arapaho lodges; the camp was supposedly under the protection of Fort Lyon. Its protection first being granted by Major Wynkoop who also gave them an America Flag to fly for protection. The protection was extended by Major Anthony who took over command on 5th November 1864. Although it seems Major Anthony who had served with Col. Chivington was in league with him in keeping the Indians at Sand Creek so as they could be attacked. On 29th November Col. Chivington and approx. 700 men approached the camp, on sight of them Black Kettle had many of his tribe gather under the flag which was flying over his lodge, he also raised a white flag. One Indian White Antelope ran to the troopers shouting Stop stop, to no effect he was shot down. Chivington then ordered his men to open fire on the gathered Indians, mostly women and children as the braves were out hunting. He wanted a victory and not prisoners. Those left scattered in panic, Then the crazed soldiers charged and killed anything that moved, a few of the warriors fought back allowing some of the tribe to escape, including Black Kettle. An interpreter present testified at the late inquiry. The Col. was heartlessThe people of the village were

slaughtered, they were scalped, their brains knocked out, the men using knives ripped open women, clubbed little children knocked them in the head with their carbine butts, beating their brains out, mutilated them in every sense of the word.

At the end of the day over 200 Indians lay dead mostly women, children and old men. While the massacre outraged easterners, it seemed too pleased many residents of Colorado. Col. Chivington appeared at a Denver theatre where he gave an account of the Battle and displayed 100 scalps as well as pubic scalps of women. Apparently some men even made Tabaco pouches from womens breasts. There was a congressional enquiry and Chivington was forced to resign, when he was asked why so many children had been killed he replied Nits make lice. The fact that Chivington was reprimanded and forced to resign made little impact amongst the Indians. When word of the massacre spread it stiffened the resolve of the Indians to resist white encroachment. An avenging wildfire spread the land and it would be another 25 years before peace would return. With the success of the Spencer the Starr Arms Co could see the Ordnance Dept. moving towards Rimfirearms, consequently they developed the Starr Rimfire carbine chambering the Spencer cartridge. In tests this arm performed exceptionally well, 5000 were contracted 38

for. It is a little known fact that this arm was also purchased by Britain, issues were mainly in Canada after the Civil War when and American invasion was feared. Some are also recorded as being in store at the Tower.

Two troopers of the Colorado Volunteers with Starr carbines. The trooper on the left also carries a Colt Army and the on the Right a Starr single action revolver.

Duncan Kerr a scout and participant in the Massacre at Sand Creek with his Starr carbine and Indian scalps.

A Good .50 U.S. Civil War 2nd Model Maynard Carbine, 20 round to octagonal barrel, fitted with leaf sights, frame stamped on right side Manufactured by / Mass. Arms Co / Chicopee Falls and on the leftside Edward Maynard / Patented / May 27, 1851 / Dec. 6, 1859 Sling ring on leftside of frame. Iron mounted walnut butt stock. Designed by Dr. Edward Maynard a dentist, inventor of the tape priming system found in other U. S. arms. The action is actually a very simple design and that maybe is why it works so well, it features a barrel that tips down by lowering the lever extension of the trigger guard and pushing it forward. A reloadable brass cartridge with a wide head is inserted; ignition is with the standard percussion cap and nipple. There was no mechanical extractor, the wide head on the case allowed a good grip and the case was easily withdrawn by hand. The system was efficient and worked well, in fact it was one of the very few systems to survive and do well in the commercial market. The carbine is in vg+ condition with fine stock, most blue to barrel and fading case colours to action, good bore. We had 4 Maynard carbines now just one left in stock. 1495

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Originally patented in 1851 the design was needlessly complicated with more thought and two more patents taken out in 1857 and 59 the dentist refined the design to become the simple and sturdy breech loader we have before us now. Manufacture of the Maynard was by the Massachusetts Arms Co, a well-managed and financed company with good marketing skills. Although not supplying Maynard carbines to the North until 1864, they did supply some of the Northern states. Also in the run up to the Civil War they supplied some of the Southern states. At least 2500 went to the States of Georgia, Florida and Mississippi. In June 1863 General Ripley signed a contract with the Mass Arms Co for the supply of 20,000 Maynards; deliveries were a year late and the first 1000 carbines not received until June 1864 and the final shipment in May 1865. They were not extensively used due to their late deliveries they were however issued to the 6th 9th & 11th Indiana cavalry and to the10th & 11th Tennessee. In the south they were carried by Cobbs Legion GA, 1MS, 2nd FL.

A Rare .50 Rimfire Triplett & Scott Repeating Rifle, 30 barrel, elevating sight, two piece walnut stock fitted with iron furniture. Action tang stamped Triplett & Scott/Patent Dec.6, 1864; and on receiver Meriden Manfg. Co./Meriden, Conn and Kentucky. The rifle is chambered for the Spencer cartridge, with a 7 shot tubular magazine in butt. An unusual loading action, depressing a latch in frame behind hammer, unlocks the barrel allowing it to twist in a circular motion coming in line with the magazine tube protruding through the front of the stock. A cover swivels and a cartridge is chambered. A contract for 5000 Triplett & Scott carbine was made in January 1865 with the state of Kentucky to arm 5000 Home Guard troops mustered to protect the supply lines of the Union Army under Gen. W.T. Sherman, then engaged in the Atlanta campaign. Two models were supplied one with a 30 barrel of which 3000 were made and another with a 22 of which 2000 were supplied. Although in my experience the rifle model is far rarer than the carbine. In near excellent cond. With good stock, barrel and action with much original blue, a great addition to any collection.1495. 40

A U. S. Civil War .52/56 Spencer Model 1860 Carbine, 22 barrel rifled with 6 grooves, ladder rear sight, Spencer legend stamped on breech, iron mounted two piece walnut stock, back action lock, butt containing tubular magazine for 7 rounds. This gun numbered in the 14,000 serial range dating 1863 being one of early issues and must have seen action. The Spencer was not issued in quantity until October 1863 in spite of this it proved itself the most efficient of all Civil War carbines, became the most widely issued and the most popular of all. Its effect on the battlefield was devastating and without doubt helped turn the tide of the war, nicknamed by the Confederates as the widow maker and the horizontal shot tower, Over 95,000 were acquired by the North. In my mind the Spencer is one of the most important of all collectors items for the military specialist, the first efficient and effective military repeater, its design for the period pure genius, simple, rugged, soldier proof and it worked. Officers of both North and South agreed that the Spencers fire power was one of the major factors in the defeat of the South. After the war together with the Sharps it was the major arm of the cavalry in the west. In vg cond. nice sharp stock, barrel to blue/grey patina, good bore and tight action nice stock. A good example of a Civil War Spencer. 1895

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A 50 Rimfire Spencer Model 1865 Indian Wars Carbine, 20 barrel, rifled with 3 grooves, ladder sight, breech stamped with the usual Spencer legend and Model 1865. Two piece walnut stock with 7 round tubular magazine in butt. The M65s were delivered between April and October 1865 too late for issue during the Civil War, The Model 1865 is known as the Indian Wars model becoming the standard arm of cavalry at that time and used by Custers 7th Cavalry 1866-73. In 1873 it was replaced by the Springfield Trapdoor carbine. In the 1865/66 carbine trials it was rated the best arm of its kind. It is a little known fact that Britain purchased quantities of Spencer Model 1865 carbines and rifles, issues were made to troops stationed in Canada. The Colonel of the 13th Hussar reported they were far superior to any British arms issued. Spencer M65 rifles were issued to Canadian Militia regts who fought the Fenians when they invaded Canada from USA in 1866. Many Spencers were also purchased by France and used during the Franco Prussian War. In vg+ cond. Nice stock fading blue to barrel, good bore. Better than most. 1895

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A Rare 50/60 Model 1860 Springfield Altered Spencer Civil War Carbine, 22 barrel rifled with 3 grooves, ladder sight, breech stamped with usual Spencer legend. Two piece walnut stock, butt with clear ESA cartouche, 7 round tubular magazine in butt. This is one of approx. 11,000 Spencer carbines refurbished at Springfield Armoury, this refurbishment included the sleeving of the barrel reducing the calibre from 56/52 to 56/50. 3 groove rifling was used in place of the 6 groove of the original. A stabler cut-off was also fitted, this device enabled the weapon to be used as a single shot with the magazine being held in reserve. The carbine is numbered in the 38,000 serial range dating 1864 and must have seen Civil War service before being refurbished at Springfield. It is in exc. Cond. With fine stock and much original blue, a superb and desirable collectors item. 1950

The Spencer is one of the most interesting and colourful weapons of the Civil War, Spencer was only 19 when he patented his design in 1860. Even at this early age he was confident and professional enough to get financial backing to arrange production and sought to interest the military in his system. The navy were the first to try the Spencer, a rifle. Captain Dahlgren was suitably impressed to sanction the order of 700. In November 1861 an army board tested both a rifle and carbine, being also suitably impressed they strongly recommended its adoption for the mounted service. Even with these favourable tests and strong recommendations Gen. Ripley of the Ordnance Dept. was not impressed, he objected to its weight and the need for special ammunition. Ripley was stubborn in his objections and would not consider an order. Spencer did not give up he marketed his system to the individual states and private sales. The turning point came not just as the limited use of the Spencer started to prove itself on the battlefield, but when the Spencer gained the personal endorsement of the President Abraham Lincoln after a test firing in the White House grounds. Ripley was told to order and issue Spencers. It is interesting that the Ordnance Department showed such reluctance to adopt the weapon that would do so much to win the war. A weapon that when used in the later Indian proved not just a battle winner but a saver of soldiers lives. Would abandon the use of repeaters and return to a single shot arms.

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There are many stories that could be told of the Spencers use during the Civil War and the later Indian war where it was for a time the main arm of the cavalry, after it must be said the Ordnance had been pressed by men in the field for its issue. Consequently used in many an engagement with the western Indians such as the famous stand at Beechers Island. Also Custers attack on Black Kettles camp on the Washita in 1868, this was the same Black Kettle whose tribe had been massacred by Chivington in 1864. He might have been a good Indian but he certainly was not a lucky one, on this occasion he and his family were all killed. It is intended to shortly write and attach a detailed article on the Spencer to this website, so I will keep these stories until then. Incidentally they were also issued to Indians in US service, more about that in the future,

A Fine 50/70 Sharps Model 1867 Metallic Cartridge Conversion Carbine, 22 barrel, with 6 groove rifling, Sharps legend stamped to top, ladder sight, iron mounted two piece walnut stock. Originally a New Model 63 converted by the Sharps Co to use the metallic cartridge in 1867, this is one of the early conversion which used the original barrel, later conversion Model of 1868 had the barrel lined reducing the calibre to .50 and having three grove rifling. This specimen in vg+ cond. with fine stock, barrel and action to blue grey patina, exc. bore. A good and sought after collectors gun. 1995

A 50/70 Sharps Model 1868 Metallic Cartridge Conversion Carbine, 22 barrel, with 3 groove rifling, Sharps legend to top. ladder sight, iron mounted two piece walnut stock. This was originally a New Model 1863 and issued during the Civil War, 65,000 Sharps New Model 63 carbines were supplied by Sharps to the North. 25,000 were converted to metallic cartridge and designated Model 1867 or Model 1868, the 67 featured some differences over the 68, it retained its original barrel rifled with 6 grooves and was actually 52/70 and not particularly accurate with the 50/70 cartridge. The model 68 had a liner fitted into the barrel with 3 groove rifling and was a true 50/70 cal. and a much more accurate weapon. The Sharps Rifle Co carried out the conversions and also refurbished the arms. Many went west during the Indian Wars but were not liked by troops, they considered them old weapons. In the 1870s most were sold off as surplus and bought by farmers, settlers, and cowboys. In vg.cond. with nice stock, barrel and action with fading blue, near mint bore. A nice piece and excellent addition to any collection, a piece of Civil War and western history. 1850 44

Army Officers in the west with 50/70 Sharps carbines Charles Reynolds (Lonesome Charley) Civilian Circa 1873. Scout for Custer and 7th Cavalry with Sharps 50/70.

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A 50 Rimfire Peabody Carbine Made By Providence Tool Co.20 barrel, elevating rearsight, two piece iron mounted walnut stock, one barrel band. Action body stamped Peabodys Patent July 22, 1862/Manfd by Providence Tool Co. Prov. R.I. Back-action lock. The Peabody features a pivoting block action operated by an under-lever, the gun is fired by a back action lock with side hammer. It is considered the forerunner of the Martini; in fact Von Martini admitted that his design was taken from it. Peabody rifles were purchased by Switzerland and it was exposure to these that allowed Martini to develop his variation with integral firing mechanism. Approx. 112,000 Peabody rifles and carbines were made, in various calibres; quantities were purchased for issue to the forces of Canada, Spain, Mexico, Brazil, Switzerland, Romania and France, as well as some American States for militia issue. Most major countries tested it with favourable results. In vg+ cond. Fine stock, barrel and action with fading blue, good bore. An important collectors piece . We have a quantity. 695

A Rare & Interesting .44 Evans 28 Shot Lever Action Repeating Rifle, 26 barrel, ladder rearsight, three piece walnut stock with iron mounts. The Evans is one of the 19th centuries more novel repeating rifle, made by the Evans Repeating Rifle Co. Mechanics Falls, Maine. Between 1873 and 1879 approx. 12,000 being made, most like this the New Model 28 shot. The Old Model made circa 1874/76 was a 34 shot, difference in capacity being mainly down to the length of the early cartridge. The magazine was of a revolving type loaded through the butt, a round was dropped in and the lever operated which moved the cartridge on ready for the next, it worked on the principle of an Archimedes screw. The gun is in exc. Cond and seen little use, exc. Stock, most blue, good action and bore. A rare collectors gun. 1495

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PISTOLS
A Good 25 Bore Brass Barrelled &Actioned Flintlock Gentlemans Traveling Pistol By Hadley of London Circa 1750. 7 turnoff 3 stage cannon shaped barrel numbered 1 at the breech. Boxlock action beautifully engraved with rococo scrolls and flowers overall, makers name Hadley in banner on leftside and London in banner on right, Slab sided walnut butt elaboritley inlaid with silver wire. Sliding trigger guard safety catch.This is a very attractive gun and in fine condition a worthy addition to any collection. 1250

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A Fine .56 Long Sea Service F/L Pistol Of The Napoleonic Wars, 12 brl. kings proof struck at breech, full walnut stock with regulation bras mounts, heavy skull crusher buttcap. Belt hook fitted to counter lock side, flat style lock bearing the Crown Tower GR cypher. Stock with numerous inspector stamps, and dated Ordnance storekeepers stamp. A classic British issue Sea Service f/l pistol a design that changed little in 75 years. A sought after collectors piece and investment for the future, these pistols always seem to increase in value. In vg+ above average cond. with nice sharp stock to rich red walnut colour.A fine piece and at a very fair price. 2500

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A Good 22 Bore Officers Flintlock Pistol By Nicholson Circa 1780-90, 8 octagonal barrel stamped with London Gunmakers proofs at breech, hook breech, fixed breech being highly engraved. Full figured walnut stock, with slab sided grip, brass mounts include triggerguard with acorn finial and bow engraved with foliate and Union flag, two rammer pipes, pieced and very decorative side-plate, decorated wrist esctcheon. Semi waterproof lock, with some foliate decoration, makers name Nicholson to centre, roller to frizzen spring and swan neck cock. Made by William Nicholson established in London Circa 1779 to 1794 when he died. His main address was 45 Cornhill London although he previously had premises at 17 Houndsditch. He was a contactor to the East India Company and a noted producer of good quality officers pistols. In near exc. condition with fine stock, barrel wel rebrowned a terrific piece. 1295

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A Rare French Napoleonic 14 Bore ANIX Flintlock Military Pistol, 8 round barrel, dated 1813, brass mounted walnut half-stocked, counter lock side stamped with roundel dated 1813 flat bevelled lock inscribed Mauberg/Maunf. Imp. In 1793 the French adopted what was known as the Republican calendar, replacing the Gregorian calendar it was made retroactive to the date of the proclamation of the republic 22/9/1792. Consequently the AN IX pistol is the pattern of 1800, produced for issue to French cavalry, carried by them on all major campaigns from then on; Russia, Peninsular and at Waterloo. A historic and good collectors pistol for those with an interest in this period.In vg.cond. nice patinated barrel ,vg stock, quite sharp with clear markings. A good piece and better than most encountered, now quite hard to find. 895

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A 16 Bore Officers Flintlock Pistol By Ryan & Watson Circa 1800, 9 octagonal barrel, Tower private proofs to breech, iron mounted figured walnut stock, hook breech with engraved tang and incorporating a vee rear sight. Flat style lock with stepped tail, engraved Ryan & Watson to centre, semi waterproof pan, roller to frizzen spring. Ryan & Watson were established in the 1777 to 1810 period at 27 Whittall St. Birmingham. The pistol is in vg+ cond. With exc. Untouched stock, good action, metalwork to grey/brown patina. A good collectors piece and at a good price. 895.

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A Nice .65 British Service Issue New Land Flintlock Pistol, 9 barrel Kings proofs struck at breech, swivel rammer hinged to muzzle, brass mounted full walnut stock, stamped with B.O and storekeepers stamp to butt. Trigger guard engraved with rack No 58 and right lobe of buttcap with the troop letter A the leftside of the lobe has feint regimental I.D. Flat style semi waterproof lock bearing the crown G.R. Tower cypher. This pattern of pistol was introduced around 1809 as an improvement over the Light Dragoon pistol, for issue to light cavalry. It was a companion pistol to the Paget carbine and was sometimes referred to as the Paget pistol. It was a good practical weapon, its one weakness was the forend where the rammer entered the channel. The angle and leverage of the rod frequently caused damage or fracture at this point and most will be found with a brass repair or strengthener as this one has. It was the pistol of light cavalry in the later stages of the Napoleonic Wars, Peninsular and Waterloo, remaining in service until the end of the flintlock era. In vg cond. Nice stock, barrel to steel grey patina. 1300

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A Good .65 East India Company Pattern 1843 Perc. Troopers Pistol, 9 barrel, full brass mounted walnut stock, heavy flat buttcap with lanyard ring, swivel rammer hinged at muzzle. Bar action perc. lock with bun nut retained hammer, lockplate engraved with the rampant Lion cypher of the EIC. This big solider proof and practical pistol was made for issue to EIC cavalry in the 1840,s seeing action and use in all major campaigns into the 1860s. Some were also issued to Imperial regiments that served in India. In vg.cond and better than most, good stock quite sharp, barrel to blue/grey patina a good and historic piece. 850

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A Very Rare & Interesting Kings German Legion Perc. Pistol Carbine With Royal Provenance Circa 1840/50, 12 sighted barrel rifled with 8 grooves, full walnut stock with brass mounts, sideplate stamped K.G. 3, military style lock with safety bolt. The pistol is complete with its detachable shoulder stock both of which are numbered No 436, the stock is made with a cheek rest and has a side bar and rings. This rare pistol carbine came from Schloss Marienburg the Royal Palace of The House and Kings of Hanover. George I became king of G. Britain in 1714 he remained king of Hanover and each British monarch after him was also king of Hanover, Marienburg was their palace in Hanover. George the 4th was brought up there, the KGL were the army of Hanover that was closely associated with the British army and distinguished itself during the Napoleonic wars. Queen Victoria was granddaughter of George III she was the last British monarch of the House of Hanover her son Edward VII belonged to the House of Saxe-Coburg. Under Salic law she could not inherit the GermanKingdom, it passed to the next eligible male heir, her uncle the 5th Son of George III, the Duke of Cumberland, who became Augustus I of Hanover. In 2005 Sothebys held a sale of many of the contents of the palace part of which was a big arms collection this pistol came from that source. In exc.cond, fine stock, a superb piece and with history. 2250

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A. 25 Bore Lovells Pattern 1842 Percussion Sea Service Pistol, 6 barrel Ordnance proofs to breech, brass mounted full walnut stock, lanyard ring fitted to butt cap, swivel rammer hinged at muzzle and a belt hook fitted to counter lock side. Lovells side action lock, engraved with the usual Tower crown VR cypher dated 1855. The Navy were first to adopt the percussion system and the first pistols of a similar pattern supplied to them in 1832. It is curious that the Navy should adopt such a small pistol when in past and for many years its pistols had been bigger than those issued to land forces. It seems this pattern has its origins with the small flintlock pistol issued to the Coastguard in the 1820s. All the early Sea Service pistols were made from converted flintlock materials and a number of variations can be encountered. This pattern was adopted when the flintlock materials had been exhausted. Pistols of this type were issued to the Navy, Customs and Coastguard. In vg+ with fine stock, barrel to fading blue patina. We have a quantity. 695

55

An Exceptionally Rare Portuguese Issue.451 Westley Richards Monkey Tail Capping Breech Loading Pistol, 9 barrel stamed wit acknowledgement to Whitworth Patent, Birmingham proofs etc. Brass mounted full walnut stock, lanyard rings to buttcap and another secured by the lock screw. Lock stamped Westley Richards & Co to front and a triangle dated 1867 on tail, the butt cap tang is stamped R2/B/3. In 1867 the Portuguese government contracted to purchase from W. Richards 8000 Infantry rifles, 2000 carbine and 1000 of these Monkey Tail pistols. It appear two models of this pistol were supplied onel like this with a cleaning rod and one without. This one is marked as being issued to the 2nd Regt. Of Lancers who were based in Lisbon. It is believed they were withdrawn from military service in 1884 and subsequently issued to civil forces. In 1915 Portugal was racked with civil unrest, there was much raiding of armouries and police stations, and weapons of this type taken, releasing them to collectors of the world. Rumour has it that there are still 150 of these rare pistols still in Portuguese military stores. Incidentally the Monkey Tail pistol was tried by the British Ordnance in 1864, although it proved superior to the P58 rifled pistol, the authorities could see no real advantage in its adoption. The only ones made in quantity were for Portugal. This is an exceptionally good specimen better than most, with good stock, barrel with fading blue, good bore a really fine piece. 2500

56

A Rare & Interesting 38 Bore Adams Model 1851 Dragoon Victoria Police Issue Percussion Revolver, 8 octagonal barrel top engraved Deane Adams & Deane, 30 King William St. London Bridge and on the side flats Walsh Dunn & Co. Melbourne, / Agents for the Province of Victoria. Foliate engraved and border lined frame marked Adams Patent No 49xxR, . At the time this revolver was on issue Victoria was noted for its Gold Diggings, bush rangers and cattle duffers, with many an encounter and even pitched battle being fought in the back blocks. If it could talk I am sure it would provide us with many an interesting tale of its existence and past owners long gone and forgotten now. In vg cond. With sharp profiles, good action and grips, metalwork to a grey/blue patina. A good and interestingcollectors item. 1695

57

A 54 Bore 2nd Model Tranter Percussion Double Trigger Revolver, 6 octagonal barrel top flat engraved Deane & Son 30 King William St. London foliate engraved frame. 5 shot cylinder with rope band decoration to front. Left side of gun fitted with Tranters patent detachable rammer. One piece chequered walnut grips. The gun is numbered in the 2100T serial range, making it a fairly early 2nd Model. The gun is also interesting because the retailers name being Deane & Son and not Deane Adams & Deane indicates it was made after the breakup of the Adams & Deane partnership in August 1856. The second model Tranter differs from the first in having a detachable rammer (Tranters Patent) attached to the gun, but could be removed if required. On the first model the rammer was carried separate and in the 3rd& 4th models the rammer was permanently attached. This specimen in vg cond. with sharp profiles, good grips, action and bore. The rammer attachment was modified during its working life and is now permanently attached to the gun with a screw rather than the peg. A much more practical method. 1495

58

A Rare 54 Bore Webley Solid Frame Percussion Double Action Revolver, 6 oct. barrel with loading lever fitted to leftside, 5 shot cylinder, borderline engraved frame also marked London Patent No 58,494. One piece chequered walnut grips. Following the short life of the Webley Wedge frame revolver, the Webley solid frame revolver was developed and introduced to the market in 1859. It was a definite improvement and was a pistol of perfect rigidity, featuring a solid frame with screw in barrel. Three models were marketed, a 54 bore with 3 groove rifling, a 60 bore with 5 groove and a 80 bore with 14 grooves. Very few of these revolvers appear to have been made as the company appear to have moved into the production of cartridge arms. Their rarity and the fact they were one of the early products of the Webley Company ensures their desirability to the collectors. In vg+ cond. with sharp profiles, much original blue and good grips. 995

A Good 80 Bore Tranter 4th Model Percussion Revolver Retailed By The Famous Wilkinson& Son, Pall Mall, London. 4 octagonal barrel, top flat inscribed, Wilkinson & Son Pall Mall London. 5 shot cylinder with rope band decoration to front. Border lined and foliate engraved frame, fitted with hook safety and S spring cylinder pin lock. One piece chequered walnut grip with engraved oval base cap. In exc. Cond. Professionally reblued and looking good. 1295 59

An Interesting & Historic 54 Bore Beaumont Adams Percussion Revolver Marked To Lt. John S. Talbot of 65Th Regt. 5 octagonal barrel top flat inscribed with retailers name. 5 shot cylinder, border lined frame engraved with the Adams Patent No in the 37,000 R range. Dating the gun to approx. 1859. Chequered walnut butt, oval steel buttcap inscribed with the name Lt. John S. Talbot. Lt. Talbot of the 65Th Regt. Fought in the Maori Wars and commanded a company of the 65th in the Taranaki campaign 1860/61 (mentioned in despatches) engaged in the war around Auckland 1863. Commanded two companies which repulsed a Maori attack on the Razor Back stockade. Commanded a storming party and wounded three times at the capture of Rangiriri, for which he was mentioned in despatches. The Maori Wars is a very interesting subject and sadly one that is little known here in the UKThe pistol is in vg cond. Some loss of sharpness due to use, good grips and action, Not a bad gun and with a terrific history worthy of further research, a rare opportunity to own a gun with provenance to a brave owner 1595.

60

A Rare 11mm Model 1871 Swedish Single Action Service Revolver, 6 round barrel, screwed into a solid frame, 6 shot plain cylinder, two piece chequered walnut grips. This pattern of revolver was designed for issue to the Swedish cavalry and approved in April 1871, it is based on the design of the Francottie Model 1863 pinfire revolver which had previously been issued, many of which were converted to centrefire. The designer of this revolver was August Hagstrom. A. Francottie of Liege was given an order on 25th April for 4000 and the following year another 2000. They are chambered for the French 11mm revolver cartridge. In exc. Cond. We have a small quantity. 895

61

A 9.4 Dutch Model 1873 Ordnance Revolver, plain 6 shot cylinder, frame stamped J.E.F. Bor/ Delft, two piece walnut grips stamped with Dutch ordnance mark. The gun is in exc. almost as new unused cond. with all finish, a credit to any collection. 895

62

A Good .442 Webley R.I.C. No 1 New Model Revolver, 4 ovate barrel, top strap engraved P. Webley & Son, London & Birmingham, streamline shaped frame bearing the Webley winged bullet trademark. 6 shot fluted cylinder, swivelling Adams patent ejector rod. One piece chequered walnut grips. These RIC New Model revolvers, featuring the fluted cylinder are quite rare in .442 being of later production most produced were in 450 In vg+ cond. With exc. Grips fading plum/blue finish, good action and bore. A sought after collectors gun. We have a small quantity. 1595

63

A .320 Continental Bulldog Type Pocket Revolver, 2 round barrel, 5 shot fluted cylinder, swivelling ejector rod, folding trigger, two piece chequered walnut grips. In vg+ cond. with most blue. 395

A .442 Webley Pug Revolver, 2 ovate barrel top flat marked P. Webley & Son and on the frame top The Pug. Side of frame stamped with the winged bullet Webley trademark. Plain 5 shot cylinder, two piece chequered walnut grips. In vg cond. Good grips, fading blue to metalwork, good action and bore. 1295

64

MILITARY LONGARM
A .75 India Pattern Model 1793 British Brown Bess Flintlock Musket, 39 barrel, regulation brass mounted walnut stock. Rounded lock stamped with the Crown Tower VR cypher, swan neck cock. This is a typical Ordnance Bess that was sold out of service reproofed by trade for commercial sale as so many were. In vg + cond. with exc. stock barrel to very pleasing patina.An above average specimen. 1495.

The India Pattern Brown Bess is one of the most important of all British Military Arms, a strong, reliable, soldier proof, and good looking weapon, a credit to its designers and makers. It was the standard British Infantry weapon from 1793 until the end of the flintlock era. It saw action in every battle of the Napoleonic Wars, the War of 1812, The Disastrous and largely forgotten South American campaign, South Africa and India, issued not just to British and Colonial forces but to many Allies in the fight against Napoleon. The end of the War saw British forces reduced to its peacetime strength and large quantities of arms placed in store and sold off. In the 1820s approx. 89,000 were sold to France, The Pasha of Egypt had some thousands, Spain believe it or not purchased 341,600 arms. Other buyers were Mexico who also acquired surplus Paget carbines and Baker rifles, many of which were used against the Texans and would have been at the Alamo. 65

The India Pattern was adopted by the Ordnance in 1795 as an emergency measurethen in 1797 became standard. It bears the name India pattern as it was the musket of the East India Company adopted by them in 1771. The man credited with its design was the East India Co.s first salaried Inspector of Small Arms Lt. Col Edward Windus. Although in fact was just an improvement of previous models. It was an adequate arm that performed well, was cheaper and quicker to manufacture than the Land Patterns. Furthermore the Ordnance contractors who also supplied the E.I.C. were used to its production and tooled up for it. The India Pattern Bess became the most numerous British Military muzzle loading weapon ever produced with approx. 2,800,000 being made. A basic item for the British military collector A Very Rare & Interesting Westley Richards Experimental Papier-Mache Primer Carbine, with 20 twist barrel, swivel rammer hinged at muzzle, brass mounted full walnut stock, Trap to butt, lock engraved with makers name Westley Richards. This very rare system was patented by W. Richards in 1841 patent no 9177. The fulminate was contained in a flat, wedge shaped primer which was pushed sideways over the touch hole where it was gripped by two curved shoulder of metal. The advantage claimed over the copper cap which was then in general use was that the flat primer was firmly anchored whereas the cap was not. A second feature and both features were unique, was that of a striking plug made hollow and with a hole in the side for the purpose letting out smoke and gas after detonation of the charge. This striking plug or cone looks like a nipple screwed into the nose of the hammer except for the little hole in its side, replacements were kept in holes bore in the butt-trap. The carbine is in excellent cond. With fine stock, barrel with browned finish. The system was not a success and not as practical as the simple copper cap. It was one of a number patented by W. Richards at the time, very few were made, of which there were variations. For the serious and knowledgeable collector. 1950

66

A .65 Rare & Interesting Westley Richards Experimental Self Capping Percussion Carbine, 20 barrel, swivel rammer hinged at muzzle, full walnut stock with brass mounts. Similar to the above carbine but adapted to standard percussion caps, originally, a long magazine holding percussion caps was fitted on the barrel just forward of the lock, it had a mechanism that placed a cap on the nipple when the hammer was cocked. On this specimen the mechanism has long since been removed. A very rare gun of which few were made and surviving examples almost unknown.In vg cond. With exc. Untouched stock, barrel to grey brown patina, hammer screw missing and of course the capping mechanism. 995

A Good .65 Lovells Pattern 1842 Constabulary Perc. Carbine, 26 Ordnance proofed barrel, regulations brass mounted walnut stock, butt stamped with the B.O. markings and a 1st Class reserve stamp. Lovells side-action lock struck with the usual Crown VR Tower cypher dated 1847. Butt cap tang stamped 30/R.P./255 Rutland Police? This is one of the Lovell P42 series of arms, designed By George Lovell for issue to police. In vg cond. with sharp 67

profiles, some bruising to stock commensurate with use, barrel with fading blue patina, a good piece and better than most. 750

A Rare .577 Australian Colonial Police Issue Brunswick Type Rifle By Wilkinson Of London, 30 barrel rifled with 3 grooves (Enfield pattern), London proofs at breech, leaf sights and standard Brunswick sword bar at muzzle. Brass mounted full walnut stock, large brass patchbox in butt, buttcap tang engraved N/23/788/V.C This rare rifle was part of a private purchase by the Colonial Govt. of the Australian State of Victoria for issue to its police force in the early 1850s. The supplier the famed London Company of Henry Wilkinson, successors to Henry Nock subsequently to become Wilkinson Sword. At this time Wilkinson supplied quantities of arms of different patterns to the State of Victoria. This was during the period when Victoria was at the height of a gold rush and arms were urgently needed to equip the expanding police force who had to deal with the lawlessness. A very rare rifle in vg cond.With exc. Stock.Barrel with fading blue finish. 1895

68

A .577 Pattern 1853 3 Band Volunteer Rifle By London Armoury Co, made to the regulation pattern with 39 barrel rifled with 3 grooves, ladder sight, breech struck with London proofs and the LAC stamp. Brass mounted full walnut stock, but bearing the roundel of the London Armoury Co. Lock stamped with the usual Crown V.R. LAC cypher dated 1860. The London Armoury Co was set up by Robert Adams in 1856 to make arms by machinery, to be fully interchangeable and to the highest standards of the day. They are believed by todays muzzle loaders to be the best for competition shooting, they are also eagerly sought by collectors. This example in vg+ cond. with fine stock, barrel to blue/grey patina and exc. bore. A fine piece for collector or shooter. 1295

A Good .577 Pattern 1860 Two Band Volunteer Rifle By J. Blanche With Segmental Rifling, 33 barrel rifled with 5 groove segmental rifling, bayonet lug at muzzle, ladder rear-sight. Iron mounted full walnut stock, lock engraved with makers name J. Blanche & Son. The rifle is in vg+ cond. With fine sharp stock, barrel to plum blue/brown finish, exc. Bore. A fine piece for collector or shooter. 995.

69

A .577 Snider/Enfield Mk11 3 Band British Issue Service Rifle, 36 barrel rifled with 3 groves, ordnance proofs at breech, ladder sight. Full walnut stock with regulation brass mounts, lock engraved with the Enfield crown VR cypher dated 1862. Originally made as a P53 muzzle loading Enfield rifle and converted to Snider breech loader by London Small Arms Co. The Snider was the first metallic cartridge breech loading rifle made for general adoption to the British Army. Its baptism of fire occurred in 1869 with the British force commanded by General Napier against the forces of the mad Emperor Theodore of Abyssinia. A basic item for the British military collector or those with an interest in breech loading systems. In vg cond. nice stock with Enfield roundel, tight action, barrel to grey/blue patina, good bore. 850

A .577 Snider/Enfield Mk III Volunteer Rifle, made to the regulation pattern with 36 barrel rifled with 3 grooves, London proofs at breech, with the stamp of the London Armoury Co. The hinged breech also stamped London Armoury, brass mounted full walnut stock, chequered wrist and forend.The lock plain and unmarked. James Kerr who was superintendant of the original London Armoury Co took over the retail business when it closed in 1865/66. The manufacting side of LAC was taken over and became the London Small Arms Co. This piece was undoubtedly retailed by James Kerr and most probably made by the L.S.A. In vg cond. good stock, barrel and action to grey/brown patina, good bore and action. 795

70

A .577 Snider/Enfield Mk III 3 Band Volunteer Rifle,made to the regulation pattern and dated 1880 on the lock. In vg+ cond. Exc.untouched stock sharp and crisp, barrel with fading blue finish, exc. Bore, a fine shooting grade Snider. 895

A Rare .41 R/F Swiss Issue Peabody Rifle, By Providence Tool Co. 32 barrel, fitted with Swiss style quadrant sight. Two piece walnut stock, iron mounts include 2 barrel bands, the butt is stamped with the Swiss cross and M. As a result of a year long series of trials by a Swiss Commission on breech loading rifles in 1867 the Swiss War Dept ordered 15,000 Peabody rifles of which this is one from the Providence Tool Co. The company was well tooled up and the rifles were rapidly delivered. They were highly thought of and well used by the Swiss. This specimen in vg+ cond. with exc. stock, barrel to plum brown patina, fading case colours to lock and action.A fine piece. 750

A 11mm Danish Model 1867 Remington Rolling Block Service Rifle, 33 barrel, ladder sight, bayonet lug at muzzle, 2 piece iron mounted walnut stock, 3 spring retained barrel bands. Denmark was the first country to place a large scale order with Remington for the Rolling Block rifle 42,000 in total. The cartridge the 11.7 X 51R developed as a joint venture between Remington and the Danish Government, first designed as a Rimfire round, but later produced in centrefire. It was Denmarks large order with Remington that inspired both Sweden and Norway to also adopt this rifle. Denmark in 1870 obtained licensing rights from Remington and produced Rolling Block rifles in the national armoury. In 1872 Denmark changed the ignition system from Rimfire to centrefire, an ingenious modification was made to the breechblocks allowing the guns to use either ammunitions. This specimen has that feature and was one of those made under licence in the Copenhagen Arsenal and fully Danish Ordnance marked. In exc. cond. a fine piece. 850 71

A Good 11mm Mauser Model 1871/84 Bolt Action Service Rifle, the first Mauser and German issue repeating rifle, most were not issued due to the introduction of the 1888 commission rifle. This one made at Spandau in 1888 and fully Ordnance marked. In exc. cond.nice stock, barrel with fading blue, good bore, a tidy piece. 895

A Good Martini Henry Mk III Volunteer Rifle, made to the regulation pattern and identical in all respects. In vg cond. with fine stock, barrel and action to a blue/grey patina good bore. A decent piece and a fair price. 595

A .310 Martini 1stPattern Australian Cadet Rifle By W. Greener, 25 barrel. Stamped with a Kangroo on the Knoxform, ladder sights.Francotti detachable action stamped on rightside Commonwealth of Australia and on the left with makers name. Butt stamped A.C.C.C. Australian Commonwealth Cadet Corps. In vg cond. with good stock, fading blue to barrel, good action and bore. 595

72

A 310 Martini 2nd Pattern Australian Cadet Rifle By BSA, 25 barrel with micro adjustable rearsight, Francotti detachable action, rightside stamped Commonwealth of Australia and makers name BSA with piled arms trademark on left. In early 20th century Australia moves were made towards the military training of men and boys in a similar fashion to Switzerland. A defence bill was introduced which was to make training compulsory for youths of 12 to 14 junior cadets 14 to 18 senior cadets and young adults 18 to 20. Before the bill came into force Lord Kitchener visited Australia at request of the Australian Government to make recommendations, Many thousands of there cadet rifle were ordered and started arriving in the country by 1908. During the 2nd World War many were issued to the Volnuteer Defence Force. In vg cond. good stock fading blue finish, good action good bore. We have a quantity. 595

73

303 Long Lee Enfield Service Rifles, we have a large selection, various dates of manufacture, by BSA and Enfield. We have the largest stock in the country of these now hard to find rifles. All in vg cond. Can also be supplied de-activated for collectors. Not so many left now. 595

303 Charger Loading Lee Enfield Rifles, we have a large selection, various dates of manufacture, by BSA and Enfield. All in vg cond. Can also be supplied de-activated for collectors. 595

A 7.5mm X 53.5 Swiss Model 1889 Schmitt Rubin Straight Pull Military Rifle, all matching numbers including magazine. A fine example with exc. bore and complete with sling and muzzle cover. 550

74

303 SMLE & No 4 Rifles, we have a selection in vg cond. that can be supplied live and proofed for shooting on FAC or as de-acts for collectors and re-enactors. Phone for details. 350

CASED SETS
A Rare & Very Collectable Cased 48 Bore Webley Third Model Longspur Percussion Revolver, 7 octagonal barrel, rifled with 3 grooves, top flat engraved with retailers name Blakemore & Son engraved with a band of foliage at muzzle. Border engraved 5 shot cylinder with chambers numbered 1 to 5. Border and scroll engraved frame, signed Webleys Patent on the removable action inspection plate. Grip-strap engraved By Her Majestys Letters Patent scroll engraved hammer, with small chequered tip, two piecechequered walnut grips. Contained in it blue baize lined and partitioned case, accessories include, mould, flask and nipple key. All in VG + cond. the revolver has seen little use being sharp and crisp o/a with much fading finish. A fine and rare set. 3500

75

The Webley Longspur is an important collectors revolver, being the first successful design patented and produced by arguably Britains most successful revolver maker. Patents protecting its design were obtained by James Webley in 1853, produced in three calibres 48 Bore Holster, 60 Bore belt and 120 Bore pocket. Manufacture started in 1853 and ran for approx. 5 years, during which time some had seen military service in India and the Crimea. 76

In the passage of time improvement and modifications were made, consequently 3 separate variations can be encountered known as 1st, 2nd and 3rd models. Total production of all is estimated at 1500 although serial numbers in excess of this can be encountered. In general revolvers of this type are known as either Model 1853 Webleys or the Longspur, since they have a single action mechanism capable of being cocked very easily by means of the longspur on the hammer. Although associated with the Webley revolver, the long cocking spur was actually devised by the London gunmaker Thomas Baker in 1852. The 3rd model differs from the previous models by the fitting of a Kerr type rammer, and the method of attaching the barrel to the frame. Instead of being hinged, the barrel was screwed onto the cylinder arbour pin, and then secured by a butterfly bolt going through the barrel lug and into the frame. Production of the 3rd model ran 1857 to 59 serial range runs between 985 and 1602. James Webley died suddenly in 1856, his business was then absorbed into that of his brother Phillip Webley. Although James had not manufactured revolvers on a large scale, the business was sound, the design and quality of his revolvers good. The Longspur is a very practical are, simple in construction with little to go wrong, points and handles well, quick and easy to cock and fire. 1856 also saw the closing of the Colt London factory bringing with it a change in market conditions. This opened the field for British manufacturers, Philip Webley was quick to take advantage of it especially in the field of mass-production by the factory system with interchangeable parts. From that period on the Webley star was in assent, a further range of percussion revolvers were designed and marketed, the Webley Wedge Frame revolver and the Webley Solid frame. Phillip Webley was also quick to understand that the age of percussion was coming to an end and the age of metallic cartridge dawning. He was to take advantage of this more than any other British revolver maker; the companies range of revolvers made circa 1865 to 1900 were the finest produced anywhere. It all started with this the Webley Longspur.

An Exceptionally Rare Cased 54 Bore Tranters Patent Combination Revolver, 6 barrel, top flat engraved with retailers name E. M. Reilly, 502 New Oxford St. London Solid frame with screw in barrel, Kerrs patent rammer fitted to leftside of gun, 5 shot cylinder with roped band decoration to front and engraved Tranters Patent Combination Revolver. Two piecechequered walnut grips. This is an exceptionally rare gun, it was designed to be used with either a 442 R/F cylinder and metallic cartridges but has the ability to revert to powder and ball should cartridges not be available. To allow this it has a combination percussion/Rimfire hammer. The revolver features some differences over the earlier percussion revolvers, two piece walnut grips, a redesigned distinctive frame, an inspection cover to give access to the mechanism, and of course the mechanism. Little is known about these interesting revolvers, they were made for a very short period of time, all known specimens are numbered in a 3000 serial range. FURTHER MORE ONLY SEVEN EXAMPLES 77

ARE KNOWN TO EXIST. Contained in its purple lined and partitioned oak case, Reilly trade label in lid, accessories include, mould, flask, cleaning rod, nipple key, unfortunately the Rimfire cylinder is not present. The gun is in vg+ cond. With fading blue finish, good action and exc. Grips. Good case some fading to lining. A rare opportunity for the serious collector and the only one I have ever seen, even the Doug Nie collection did not have one of these.3250

78

William Tranter Holding One of His Second Model Revolvers.

A Cased 38 Bore (.500) Model 1851 Adams Self Cocking Dragoon Percussion Revolver, with 7 octagonal barrel top flat engraved, Deane Adams & Deane, 36 King William St. London. 5 shot cylinder, foliate engraved frame with Adams Patent marking in the 78XX serial range, dating the pistol to 1853. One piece chequered walnut grips, with oval stepped buttcap. Contained in its original green baize lined oak case, accessories include 38 bore mould, flask cleaning rod, oil bottle and nipple wrench. The 38 bore Adams was certainly a man stopped and favoured by military men, this one most probable the private purchase of an officer. Many were purchased by men on the way to the Crimea. The revolver in vg+ cond. With sharp profiles, exc. grips, fading finish, good action, and bore. A nice piece and a sought after collectors gun 2950 79

80

A Cased 54 Bore Tranter 3rd Model Double Trigger Percussion Revolver, 6 octagonal barrel, foliate engraved frame marked Tranters Patent No 70XXT. 5 shot cylinder with rope band decoration to front. Tranters patent rammer attached to leftside of gun. Contained in its green baize lined and partitioned oak case , accessories include Tranter mould, cleaning rod, oil bottle, nipple key, Tranter bullet tin etc. The revolver in vg+ cond. with sharp profiles, exc. grips fading finish, good action and bore. 2500

81

SPORTING ARMS
A .38 American Percussion Target Rifle By G.F. Nason, Lewiston ME Circa 1860s, Heavy 36 octagonal barrel, top flat stamped with makers name and address, tunnel front sight, leaf rear sights to 150 yds. The rifle has a false muzzle or bullet starter. Walnut half stocked and fitted with German silver mounts, including crescent buttplate and scroll trigger guard. The gun has a left hand lock and is a fine example of these rare (in UK) and exceptionally accurate guns. Fine untouched stock, barrel to grey patina and MINT bore, a feature rarely found these days. 1200.

A Fine .451 Lancaster Oval Bore Patent Long Range Target Match Rifle, 36heavyround barrel with Lancaster oval bore rifling, engraved at breech Lancaster Patent, fitted with a ladder sight base, (ladder missing). Hook breech with integral base for long range tang sight. Figured walnut stock, chequered full pistol grip and forend, engraved iron mounts including patch-box engraved with a Lion, horn nosecap. Detented foliate engraved lock bearing makers name and address to centre, Charles Lancaster,/ 151 New Bond St./ London. In exc. o/a cond. With fine stock, barrel to plum blue/brown finish good shooting grade bore. Lancaster match rifle are exceptionally rare. 3250

82

A Good Looking .577 Snider Mk II Sporting Rifle By James Kerr, 26 Damascus barrel, ladder sights, beautifully figured walnut stock, iron buttcap and scroll trigger-guard, horn nose-cap. Elegant bar action sporting style lock, foliate engraving and retailers name Jas. Kerr to centre, bolt safety. The rifle is in exc. Cond. Professionally refinished and looking superb. A bargain. 795

A .32 R/F Stevens Tip Up Single Shot Rifle, with 26 heavy octagonal barrel, walnut buttstock with crescent buttplate. Made by the Stevens Arms Co from the 1870s until discontinued C1895. Many variations and calibres produced. In vg cond. nice stock, barrel to blue grey patina, good bore. 550

83

A Rare .442 Small Frame Falling Block Comblain Sporting Rifle, 26 ovate barrel with machine cut top rib, engraved along the top Imported By DresseLaloux& Co. 32 Hamsell St. London, EC. Two piece walnut half stock, chequered wrist, iron buttcap. This falling block action was the invention of Hubert J. Comblain who patented it in 1869. Over the years it was improved and further patents obtained, becoming what some authorities considered the best falling block action. Production was mostly military rifles these small frame sporters are exceptionally rare today. Many were imported into the UK and sold by many noted British makers under their trade name, Thomas Horsley of York marketed them as the Eclipse rifle, Thomas Bland as the Simplex rifle, even the renowned Holland & Holland had them among their stock. In vg cond. Some wear commensurate with use to stock, barrel and action to blue/brown patina. A rare item. 595.

A Good .577/45 High Quality Martini Henry Sporting Rifle By Westley Richards, 28 round barrel stamped at breech Westley Richards Special Quality and fitted with African express sights having 5 leafs to 500 yards and a ladder to a 1000. Foliate engraved action of sporting style with top lever safety. Two piecechequered walnut stock, butt with pistol grip, the action lever is curved to fit into a cut-out in the pistol grip. In its day a high quality and expensive gun, in exc. Cond.With fine stock and most blue, good bore and action.995

84

A 45/75 Winchester Model 1885 Hi Wall Sporting Rifle, 30 medium weight barrel stamped with Winchester 2 line address, ladder rearsight, plain action centre hammer. Two piece walnut stock, shotgun butt, Lyman peepsight fitted to tang. This gun numbered in the 11xxx serial range dating 1887. The Model 1885 Hi Wall was Winchesters first single shot rifle, it was a John M Browning design. The companys purchase of the manufacturing rights from the Browning brothers in 1883 launched the historic and lengthy association of Browning and Winchester. In vg cond. With exc. Stock well refinished, barrel and action to plum brown patina. Tight action a good and quite rare gun. 1895

85

A 297/230 Sidelever Rook Rifle, 24 two stage octagonal to round barrel, leaf sights to 200 yds, centre hammer boxlock action. Beautiful full figured walnut stock, chequered wrist and forend. In exc. Cond. Fine bore. 850

ITEMS TO CLEAR& DE-ACTS


A .31 Colt Model 1849 Pocket Revolver, 4 octagonal barrel with two line Colt address, 5 shot cylinder with traces of scene, numbered in the 141,000 serial range circa 1858 except cylinder in 96,000 serial range. The gun is in basically good cond. And for someone with experience is nit a difficult restoration project, especially bearing in mind that replacement parts are available. It has vg. Grips, is basically quite sharp and to a grey patina, the action fails to rotate, top of rammer damaged as is top of trigger guard where it extend to the joint with the barrel. 450

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A Rare & Early .36 Manhattan Series I Navy Percussion Revolver, 4octagonal barrel stamped with the Manhattan address, 5 shot cylinder with 12 locking slots, the gun is numbered in the 2000 serial range. In good cond. Fairly sharp, much cylinder scene, fairly good grips two chips to right side. Action at fault, not a bad piece and not a difficult project for someone who knows what they are doing. It has potential, to easily improve. 420

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A .577/45 Martini Henry Cavalry Carbine, 20 barrel Enfield ordnance proofs at breech as well as cancelled King Williams town arsenal markings, King Williams Town was in Eastern Cape a Frontier area where the 9th Kaffir or 9th Frontier war was fought in 1878. Action stamped with the Enfield crown V.R. cypher dated 1879. The carbine is in good cond. barrel with much original blue, good bore. Stock fairly good, not worn, however there is some damage to the heel of the but, forend has been slightly modified to accept a bottom barrel band with a sling swivel to allow the gun to be slung over the back of it owner. For the money not bad. 450

A Rare .65 New Land Percussion Pistol By Lacy & Co, London proofed 9 barrel, swivel rammer hinged to muzzle, full walnut stock fitted with regulation brass mounts, Lock of flintlock form engraved to center Lacy & Co An interesting pistol by one of Londons noted Ordnance contractors, difficult to know if it was converted from flintlock, made up from flintlock parts or new made, I would suspect the second option. Other examples are known to exist, possibly made for a Yeomanry unit. The firm of Lacy & Co were in existence 1815 to 1852 at various addresses and with various partners, Bennet& Lacy in the beginning, then Lacy and Witton, finally Lacy & Reynolds, it is believed that the period when the Lacy & Co title was used on guns was 1815 to 1840 but no one can say for sure. The pistol is in vg cond with nice sharp woodwork, barrel to blue/grey patina. As usual with these New Land pistols there is a repair to the forend where the rammer enters the stock, which is a weak spot and typical of these. 550.

A Double Barrel Sporting Gun In The American Taste For Shot & Ball, barrels of 11 bore and 35 bore (.500) respectively, engraved London on rib behind sprung sight, foliate engraved breeches decorated with white metal lines. Long foliate engraved tang, border engraved back-action locks, each decorated with foliage and a pheasant in flight and signed Manton. Figured walnut half-stock with chequered wrist, white-metal mounts engraved to match the locks. The gun was made by William & Charles Scott of Birmingham, this firm was probably the best known shotgun manufacturer in the world at the time, enjoying a large market in N. 88

America and the colonies. Their export guns were of far higher quality than usual for the market. The firm later amalgamated with P. Webley, becoming Webley & Scott. This piece in vg+ cond exc. stock, barrels to grey/brown patina. 795

A Good .36 Colt Brevette Model 1851 Navy Square Back Percussion Revolver, with 7 octagonal barrel, 6 shot cylinder. Brass trigger-guard and back-strap, one piece walnut grips. A copy of the 1st Model Colt Navy, only the first 4200 were made with the square-back trigger-guard. This example in vg+ cond. With sharp profiles, exc. Grips frame, cylinder and barrel to a pleasing plum patina, made as a smoothbore. Good action and bore. 695

A Rare .700 French Model 1842/53 Percussion 2 Band Minnie Rifle CarabineATige, 34 barrel rifled with 4 variable depth grooves, French Ordnance proofs at breech, ladder sight to 900 Mtrs. Bayonet bar at muzzle. Iron mounted full walnut stock, with two bands, backaction engraved M. St Etienne. The rifle was originally made as a Carabine a Tige with pillar breech to expand the bullet, later modified to accept the Minnie bullet, the piller removed, and improved long range sights fitted similar to those found on the British P51 Minie rifle. It was rifles such as this that were issued to the elite Chasseur Regts of the French army and used by them in the Crimea, and this one might have been there. In vg cond. With nice stock metal to steel grey patina, French arms of the period were finished arsenal bright and not blued. A good and very collectable Gun, far cheaper than a British P51 or Brunswick 595

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A Good 10.4mm C/F Martini Target Rifle By Rochatte of Paris, 31 round barrel with machine cut top rib, windage adjustable quadrant rearsight, border engraved detachable action, bearing makers name, top lever safety and set trigger. Two piece walnut stock, chequered wrist and forend, schutzen butt plate. A fine quality and rare item, in vg + cond. With most blue to barrel and action, good stock and bore A fine piece. 795

A. 320 Belgian Bulldog Revolver, in vg cond. Good grips, fading blue, action at fault. But only. 150

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A De-Activated 9mm Luger By DWM dated 1915, in exc. Cond. With most deep blue. A fine piece and collectors item. 695

An Old Spec. De-Activated .455 Webley Mk VI Service Revolver Dated 1918, in exc. Cond. Fine grips most blue and holster. 495

A De-activated .32 Colt Police Positive,in exc. Cond. With fine grips and most blue. 425

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A De-Activated .450 British Bulldog Revolver,in vg cond. And only 195

A De-Activated .22 Sharps Four Barrel Derringer.In vg.Cond and attractive price. 150

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All items are sold as collectors items and antiques only, purchasers assume all liabilities contingent to use of such arms purchased from us. All items remain the property of M.J.Noble Ltd. until fully paid for. Payment to be made with order, shipping charged at cost. It is our commitment that our customers receive full satisfaction with their dealings with us, our high standards will allow nothing less. If a customer is dissatisfied with his purchase for any reason a refund will be made subject to the items safe, undamaged and unaltered return to us within 7 days of purchase.

The New Zealand Use of the Calisher & Terry


By Brian C Knapp
As I have written in a previous article, the Calisher & Terry is one of those enigmas of British firearms development, it is a weapon that most collectors know of, but equally know little about. This is a great pity for during its zenith it was at the forefront of firearms design the very peak of the then modern technology. Of British produced capping breech loaders the Calisher & Terry stands out as being one of the most successful and widely used. Second in numbers produced only to the Westley Richards monkey tail. Its success can be attributed not just to its practical, efficient and easy to use design or its quality of manufacture but also and maybe more importantly to the fact that it was produced and marketed by a company that was well financed, organized and professionally managed. A company with its manufacturing base right in the heart of the Birmingham gun trade, also having the advantage of a London sales office and address. A company that was diverse in its production as can be seen from the range of products listed in its advertisements. A whole range of styles were produced including a military pattern carbine, the most numerous and popular of its production, a military style rifle, sporting rifles in various calibers even in double barrel configuration and surprisingly a pistol version is known to exist. Its users included the British Government, the Colonial Governments of Victoria, New South Wales, South Australia, Queensland and New Zealand. The Russians adopted a variation as did the German state of Saxony. In the United States some certainly saw action during the Civil War, apparently it was the arm of famed Confederate cavalry leader general J.E.B. Stuart. The President of the Confederacy Jefferson Davies had one a sporting rifle when captured. The vast majority of Calisher and Terry arms were however purchased privately by settlers, sportsmen, hunters, adventurers, volunteers, naval and military men as implements of survival. Its record in combat is an enviable one; it was the weapon of the famed Cape Mounted Rifles who carried them from 1862 until 1869. Seeing action with this famous unit in numerous actions and skirmishes on the frontier lands of the Eastern Cape. Even as late as the Zulu war 1879 it was still in official service and saw arguably its last action at Isandlewana, where it was used by some troops of the Natal Native Horse.

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Carried by Australian police units in their battles with the bush ranging gangs that ravaged some areas.Also issued to official expeditions of exploration into the inhospitable Australian hinterland. It was the chosen arm of the Jardine expedition that in 1864 drove 250 cattle, 42 horses from Rockhampton to Cape York, to establish a settlement at the request of the Queensland Government. Led by two brothers Frank and Alexander Jardine just 20 and 22 the expedition of four Europeans and four aborigines trekked the 1200 miles through unexplored bush. They were constantly harassed by the Aboriginal tribes with whom they fought endless running battles, survival depending on their death dealing Calisher & Terry carbines and Tranter revolvers. Without which they would surely have been annilated. Yet it was to be in New Zealand that the Calisher and Terry were to really prove its efficiency, effectiveness and military worth. Readers of this work might be surprised to discover that the largest single purchaser of Calisher & Terry carbines for military purposes was the Colonial Government of New Zealand. The reason being the Maori Wars 1860 to 1872, more correctly known over recent years as the New Zealand Wars.

Disputes with the Maoris first erupted into conflict in the 1840s with what is known as the First Maori War 1844-47. There followed an un-easy peace with the situation deteriorating rapidly in the late 1850s, leading to the First Taranaki War 1860 61. Conflict was to continue until 1872 and the defeat of TeKooti the last Maori rebel who led a guerrilla campaign. The reasons for conflict were fairly straightforward, competition for possession of the limited areas of easily cultivable land in the North Island, where most of the Europeans, settlers and Maoris lived. The settlers and New Zealand authorities required more land wishing to acquire it from the Maoris by fair means, - or not so fair. Resentment hardened in the native population and fighting broke out.

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The early campaigns were fought by British regulars supported by Colonial Militia and Volunteers. As the conflict continued by 1864 the New Zealand authorities were adopting a self-reliant policy. This meant raising more of its own forces to take on the fighting whilst the Imperial Regiments were gradually withdrawn. There were two main reasons for this policy one being the British Government expected the New Regulars Storming a Pa Zealand authorities to contribute to the cost of maintaining British troops in the field. At this time the colony was on the verge of bankruptcy a direct consequence of the war. Also rather than tolerate British dictation of native policy, which was somewhat more protective of the native population and its land rights; they would follow the path of selfreliance and be free to make their own rules. It is an interesting fact the many of the British Regulars had some sympathy for the Maori and certainly great respect for them as opponents. It is difficult to estimate when the New Zealand authorities first acquired Calisher & Terry arms for issue to its forces. No documents prior to 1863 have been found detailing any acquisition. Evidence is available in the form of surviving specimens with serial numbers dating them to 1861 and accounts from some units in the field, who were certainly carrying them in the summer of 1863.

The first reference to Calisher & Terry carbines in the New Zealand national archives occurs in August 1863 when the New Zealand Agent General in London, Mr. J. Morrison was ordered to procure 1000 breech loading carbines and 500 Adams revolvers with accoutrements and ammunition. The order was for Calisher & Terry carbines and Beaumont Adams revolvers, and the order placed with that company, who in turn replied on November 6th 1863 with them accepting the order and agreeing to undertake to deliver free on board

ship in the Port of London 1000 Terrys best patent breech loading carbines, similar in every respect to the arms hitherto supplied by ourselves for the New Zealand Government. Further undertaking to deliver 200 carbines and 200 revolvers per month until December, and thereafter 300 of each succeeding month until fulfilment of contract.Also agreeing to supply 500,000 rounds of Terrys best patent ball and cartridge for carbine, 250,000
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cartridges for revolvers. Calisher & Terry were licensed by the patentees to manufacture Beaumont Adams revolvers and assigned their own serial number range.
In the archives the following list from Calisher & Terry is attached to the order: No 1 Brown leather accoutrements of best quality for each carbine A pouch lined with tin to hold 50 ball cartridges A pouch for percussion caps A leather waist belt mounted complete Extras for carbine 3 nipples to each carbine 1 set of implements for making Terrys cartridges 1 breech wrench for every ten carbines 2 turn screws for every ten carbines 1 scratch brush 1 steel T. nipple key with pricker 100 main springs for locks best finished steel 100 lever sear springs 50 bullet moulds 1 ream Government paper for cartridges. No 2 Accoutrements for pistols A Holster A pouch lined with tin to hold 50 cartridges A pouch for percussion caps A leather belt mounted complete for each pistol Extras for Pistols 10 nipples for each pistol 50 turnscrews 50 steel nipple keys 50 rammers for cleaning 1000 bullet moulds No 3 Terrys Patent carbines W.O. Cartridges Percussion caps Adams Patent revolvers 54 gauge Hays best skin ball cartridge Percussion caps 5-5-0 each 3-10 per 1000 6/5 per 1000 3-1-6 each 2-2-0 per 1000 3/- per 1000

N.J. Calisher & Terry

Accoutrements, extra nipples, springs, implements for making cartridges at the same prices charged by us to Her Majestys Government.

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Further reference is made to Calisher & Terry regarding delays in completing the contract; strangely no further details about these delays are recorded. Indications are that the final delivery was not complete until sometime in 1865. It is interesting to note the reference to a previous order for Terry carbines; there is a possibility that an order was placed in 1860/61 for a limited quantity of arms. The Birmingham and Midland Hardware Trade Directory mentions that both the Calisher & Terry and Westley Richards Monkey Tail carbines were supplied to New Zealand at this time for issue to Mounted Police. Examination of surviving specimens has turned up a few with relatively low serial numbers that also bear distinctive N.Z issue markings. One with the manufacturers No 1939 has the issue marking N.Z. 30 and another No 1988 is N.Z. 73. These arms were undoubtedly part of the colonies first order for Terry carbines. The serial numbers would place their manufacture to early 1861; they could well have been part of a small order. An incomplete N.Z. small arms return actually lists 2 Calisher & Terry carbines in 1861, whereas in 1863 before deliveries from the main order had started to arrive, 286 are listed. A footnote to the returns makes it clear the totals are not complete. The Calisher & Terry carbine issued in New Zealand was the standard commercial military carbine of 30 bore, 21 barrel, rifled with 5 grooves, ladder sight to 900 yds. Usual markings on barrel Calisher & Terry maker to H.M. War Department and on the breech Terrys Patent 30 Bore.Full walnut stock with iron mounts, one top barrel band. New Zealand issue markings are stamped into the butt cap tang and clearing / cleaning rod head, i.e. N.Z / 815. All major parts bear the makers serial number. The lock plate is engraved Calisher & Terry London which can be noted in one line or two. The butt plate was fitted with a small trap in which were kept a cleaning brush and the short extension piece of the cleaning rod. The 1000 carbines and 500 Beaumont Adams revolvers were required for issue to the colonys regular forces which were 1863-66. The Colonial Defence Force, and after 1867 The Armed Constabulary. Supporting them in the North Island were the Militia, Volunteers and Cavalry Corps Volunteers. One newly formed unit to be issued with both Terry and Beaumont Adams were the New Zealand Forest Rangers, arguably the most famous unit to see action during the Maori Wars. On 1st August the following invitation to arms appeared in the Southern Cross newspaper Auckland:-

To Militiamen and Others Active young men having some experience of New Zealand Forests, may now confer a benefit upon the Colony, and also ensure a comparatively free and exciting life for themselves by joining the Corps of Forest Volunteers now being enrolled in this province to act as the Taranaki Volunteers, have acted in striking terror into the marauding natives by operations not in the power of ordinary troops. By joining the Corps the routine of Militia life may be got rid of and a body of active and pleasant comrades ensured.
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Only men of good character wanted. For further information apply to the offices of Daily Southern Cross, OConnell Street, Auckland. 21st July 1863.
This appeal led to the forming of a company of Forest Rangers, 60 strong under command of Lieutenant William Jackson, a settler of the Papakura district. Later that year a second company was formed under Captain Gustavas Von Tempsky, an ex-officer of the Prussian Army and adventurer who had come first to Australia then New Zealand during the gold rush. Officially the rangers were armed with the Calisher & Terry, a Beaumont Adams revolver and a large Bowie Knife with a 10 / 12 blade. This was issued on the advice of Von Tempsky and it was said at his expense, who was a master of the weapon. He had learnt its use in Mexico in guerrilla warfare and he took great interest in teaching the use of it to the men in his company. There was a drill for it, a perfect method of guard and attack in hand-to-hand combat. The knife being so heavy could also be thrown with deadly effect. Ensign John Roberts, Von Tempskys second in command of No 2 Company Forest Rangers, wrote of the Bowie Knife; It was rather awkward in the bush sometimes, for it was nearly as

long as a bayonet, but it was certainly very handy for cutting tracks. We were taught to hold the knife with the blade pointing inwards and upwards, laid along the inner arm. With the arm held out thus knife-defended, a blow could be warded off, and then out would flash the blade in a stab. When we were in camp at Paterangi in 1864 my fellow subalternWestrupp and I frequently went out in the Manuka together and practiced the fighting drill. At Orakau we found the knife very useful not for fighting but digging in. Our position was on the east side of the Pa, a cultivation ground bordered with low fern, a place exposed to the Maori fire. We lay down on the edge of this cultivation and went to work as hard as we could with our long knives, each man digging a shallow shelter for himself and throwing the earth up in front; the bullets were coming over thick that day.
Another unorthodox weapon carried by the Rangers was the iron bladed Maori War hatchet or tomahawk. This was another arm not sanctioned by regulations. The men who made up the Rangers were bush hardened settlers and adventurers of many nationalities who due to their background and training were quite at home in the bush and able to engage the Maori on equal terms. Von Tempsky wrote of the men under his command Like Jackson, I had two black men, former men-o-war men; one had been a prize fighter. I had men of splendid education and men as ignorant as the soil on which they trod. The Rangers specialized in deep patrolling and scouting in the Maori held forests, able to attack without warning and then melt away. They were what their title suggested, essentially a force to range the bush fastness and seek out the enemy in what he regarded as his special 98

territory and sanctuary in time of trouble. When operating with the British regular forces they acted as scouts and skirmishers. For such a force the Calisher & Terry was an ideal weapon, being a carbine it was short and therefore easily and quickly handled in the bush conditions, where a volley could rapidly be poured into a patrol from nearby undergrowth. Being breech loading it gave not only rapidity of fire, but ease of loading when in a concealed position or lying down. The only real fault was that in the sodden conditions sometimes encountered in bush fighting the paper wrapped cartridges were often rendered useless. The following is an abridged account of an action fought by the Forest Rangers where both the Calisher & Terry and Beaumont Adams were used to good effect. The account was written by Von Tempsky on the attack of the Maori settlement at Rangiaouhia in the Waikato:

By now it was broad daylight, and the Cavalry took the lead at a gallop. (These were

reply from the double-barreled guns of the defenders. The village consisted of raupowhares built among peach trees along a ridge running from North to South with the enemy shooting from the cover of their homes, the situation was unfavorable for the use of Cavalry. Resistance crystallized in one of these houses, the floor of which was about a foot below ground level, so that the Maoris, by lying full length and firing through holes at the base of the reed thatched walls had excellent cover, presenting no target at which to fire at. The Cavalry had no alternative but to dismount and fight on foot. Sergeant McHale tired of having no chance of an effecting reply to the enemy, ran forward and stooped down in the low doorway seeking the foe. He was shot dead and dragged inside, his revolver and carbine being added to the defenders weapons. A soldier of the 65th Regt attempting the same move was also killed. When we arrived, some neighbouringwhares had been set on fire with the view to communicate the fire to the all dreaded one. But somehow this seemed to me an uncertain process, and unfair. So looking round to my nearest men, I said we will rush the whare boys. Aye, rush it, rush it was echoed and with one Forward about a dozen of us were round the door in an instant. Sgt. Carron had got ahead of me, and had poked his head into the low doorway. I stood patiently behind him, just on one side of the door thinking that we ought to take the body of the 65th man out of the way first. Carron then drew back his head and said to me There is only one dead man inside, Sir. I could not quite understand this, though I could see it was pitch dark inside, and so Carron might have been mistaken. At this moment Corpl. Alexander of the Defence Corp Cavalry had pushed his way between myself and Carron, and squatting down in the low doorway, commenced to arrange his Terry carbine for taking aim, evidently puzzled by the darkness, I urge him either to make room for us or jump in. A double barrel thunders, discharging from the interior of the house, a bullet knocks through Alexanders brain, he drops backwards. The door was now completely choked with two bodies. My men dragged Alexander away, and after firing 5 shots of my Adams quickly into the corner from where I had heard the report, dragged the 65th man out of the door myself. At that moment also one of my men got shot in the hip a fine young man, John Ballinder. He staggered forward never more to rise.
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the N.Z. Defence Force Cavalry, also armed like the Rangers with Calisher & Terry and Beaumont Adams). They opened fire with their carbines and revolvers, drawing a

I now debated with myself whether the rush might not be renewed as the door was clear, but I saw my men had had enough of it and were pointing to the flames that now commenced to lap over from the nearest burning whares to the fatal and now fated house. What the feeling of the inmates of that doomed fortress must have been passes almost the power of imagination. Could human nature hold out any longer in resistance? No, behold, one man in a white blanket quickly stamps from the door and approaches the fatal circle at some distance from us. He holds his arms to show himself unarmed; he makes a gesture of surrender; he is an old-looking man. Spare him, spare him is shouted by all the officers and most of my men, but some ruffians and some men blinded by rage at the loss of comrades perhaps, fired at the Maori. The expression on that Maoris face, his attitude on receiving the first bullet, is now as vivid before my minds eye as when my head first sickened over that sight. When the first shots struck him he smiled a sort of sad and disappointed smile; then bowing his head, and staggering already, he wrapped his blanket over his face and receiving his death bullets without a groan dropped quietly to the ground. The flames now caught the roof, could there be another yet in the house, behold! There is. Such a man! Like an apparition he suddenly stands in front of the door stands bolt upright and fires his last two shots at us. Defiance flashes from his eyes even as he sinks under a shower of bullets. The house is a mass of flames it is near falling when another Maori bursts from it, gun in hand, and drops pierced by bullets. As he fell the timbers of the roof bent inward and with a crash crumpled to pieces on the well fought ground. Seven charred bodies of Maoris were found amongst the blackened ruins

The fight at Rangiaohia Feb. 21st 1864. Von Tempsky is in the foreground directing the fire of his men.

This is just one incident during a much larger engagement, it was fought with Calisher & Terry carbines and Beaumont Adams revolvers. It serves to show the toughness and bravery of both sides and the cruelty of war. The Forest Rangers served with distinction in the Waikato and Taranaki campaigns 1863 and 1864, and again in Wanganui during the Hau-Hau Rebellion 1864-66. In spite of the frequent
Gustavus Von Tempsky wearing the uniform of the Armed Constabulary taken in 1868 shortly before his death

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commendations they had won since 1863, they were disbanded in February 1866. This was partly due to a dispute in their conditions of service and partly an economy measure. It should be remembered that they earned a high rate of pay; 4 shillings and 6 pence per day and rations plus a double rum ration on account of the rough character of their work. In comparison British Soldiers fighting alongside them in New Zealand earned 13 pence a day with deductions. It has to be remembered this war with the Maoris had cost the colony dear, it was virtually bankrupt and economies had to be made. The Forest Rangers although the most famous and colourful unit of the New Zealand Defence Force was not the only bush ranging unit. In fact the Taranaki Bush Rangers pre-dated them and provided the impetus for the formation of the Forest Rangers. They served in the Taranaki and New Plymouth areas, and gained a formidable reputation. Calisher & Terry carbines were widely issued to many units in the New Zealand Colonial Defence Force. Certainly we know they were carried by the Forest Rangers, the Taranaki Bush Rangers, Defence Force Cavalry and as more became available, the Wanganui Yeomanry Cavalry 1865, the Opotiki Rangers, Patea Rangers, Wellington Rangers, Wanganui Rangers, Taranaki Mounted Volunteers and the Poverty Bay Cavalry, to name but a few. The Calisher & Terry was the main carbine used in New Zealand, other carbines listed in use are: Pattern 1840 Constabulary carbine, 120 in 1861 & 1863 and 98 in 1869. Pattern 1844 Yeomanry carbines, 68 in 1861, 65 in 1863 and 28 in 1869. Enfield Artillery carbines, 88 in 1861, 137 in 1863 and 356 in 1869. As it was mentioned earlier the return from which these figures were taken is not complete. Strangely only 16 Westley Richards Monkey Tail carbines are listed and for the year 1869. Obviously only a small quantity must have been acquired that escaped attention in the previous returns. An anomaly also occurs with the Enfield Artillery carbines as the 1881 return lists 925 of these on issue or in store.

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Small numbers of Terry carbines were issued in 1865 to Maori Chiefs or scouts loyal to Colonial forces. Such units as the Kupapas and Arawas, these being native units fighting with the Defence Force. The rank and file of the Kupapaswere armed with what were termed in official records as medium pattern 1853 Enfield rifles while the Arawas used an assortment of arms which included P53 Enfield rifles, muskets, double barrel shotguns and the traditional Maori weapons.

A Group of Maori Auxiliaries with Calisher & Terry carbines

A return of arms supplied to friendly natives shows that 147 Calisher & Terrys were issued between 1865 and 68. They would have been issued to such notable native scouts who had stood with the Pakea. (Maori name for a white man)Men now forgotten, but in their day characters and stalwart fighters. One of these was Hemi TeWaka or Big Jim as he was known to his comrades of the frontier posts and bush trails. A tall striking figure with a regimental cap perched jauntily on one side of his head, and armed with a Terry carbine and tomahawk. Apparently Hemi was a man to be reckoned with. He met his death at the hands of a HauHau ambush while heading a scouting party in the Urewera. TamatiMcClutchie, whose last resting place is in a mound at the northern end of the Tongaporutu Bridge, was another fine scout who ranged along the north Taranaki frontier from Pukearuke to Mokau. His work proved of the greatest value to the little garrisons spread along the rough coastline. On occasion problems were encountered in disarming the native contingents after campaign and arms went missing. There are documents in the archives that record some of these missing Calisher & Terrys. In November 1866 alone, 3 were not returned by the Kupapas, guns numbered NZ 1255 kept by Chief HuniaKake, Ngatiapa Tribe, and No NZ 1425 by Chief Hapurona. However, gun No NZ 305 was presented to Chief AperahamaTipai by the governor Sir G. Grey. 102

Numbers of Terry carbines were on occasion captured by the Maoris and highly prized by them. Some are known to exist covered in carving beautifully executed in the Maori style. Gun No NZ 110 is such a specimen, as is No NZ 1315. Others bear Maori names, carved into the butts.

Another photo of the same group

Further unrest among the Maori, who naturally resented the continual encroachment of the white settlers upon their lands, had become a serious problem. The government was not inclined to repeat the 1863 precedent of starting a full scale war, which would not only be ruinous to the impoverished country, but might well create further resistance. Instead it decided to treat the necessary remedial action as a police operation. In October 1867 it created a new force; The Armed Constabulary. It was to become the official fighting force of the colony and the first semblance of a New Zealand regular army. The forming of this body brought about the gradual phasing out of the Militia as active fighting units. The Armed Constabulary relied to a great extent on the experience gained by the Forest Rangers. As the rebels with whom they had to deal depended on their strongholds in the bush to keep Maori nationalism alive. The force was made up of seven divisions of 80 men, each a further two divisions numbers 8 & 9 being native contingents. It also had a cavalry arm and an artillery section with 6 and 12 pounder Armstrong field guns and Coehorn Mortars. The uniform and weapons of the new force were similar to those of the rangers, their standard arm being a Calisher & Terry carbine. It was not until 1870 that Sniders began arriving in New Zealand for issue to the Armed Constabulary. Photographic evidence shows them to be two band short rifles. Carbines did not arrive until 1871/72. As Sniders were issued so the Calisher &Terrys were withdrawn from the fighting units and re-issued to the native contingents, and as has been mentioned previously, many will be found with Maori names and unit markings carved on them.

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Between 1867 and 1872 the Armed Constabulary fought in the campaign against the rebel Hau-Hau, Chiefs Titokowaru and TeKooti, ably supported by the local militias, Volunteers and a large native contingent. As he has figured largely in this work it might be of interest to know that Von Tempsky commanded No 5 Company with the rank of inspector. Sadly he was killed when his force were ambushed at TeNgutu-o-te Manu, Taranaki in September 1868, being shot whilst going to the assistance of one of his men who had been hit. Four of his men tried to retrieve his body, three were shot and killed. The remainders were forced to retreat leaving the bodies of their comrades behind including that of their Commanding Officer Von Tempsky. It was generally thought among the Maoris that TeRangi-hima-Kau fired the shot that killed Von Tempsky. This victory and the killing of Von Tempsky known as Manu-Rau (many birds) to the Maori because of the rapidity with which he could move from place to place with his force, was the cause of much celebration amongst the Maori. There followed a long and excited Korero to decide the fate of the dead. Many orators urged the HauHaus to feast upon them; particularly Von Tempsky, so that they might acquire his Mana and renowned fighting qualities. The bodies of the soldiers were next assigned to the various assembled tribes. A chief, stick in hand, walked along the row pointing to the corpses one by one:-

been symbolically consigned to their recipients, subject to Titokowarus approval. In fact only one tribe, the Ngarauru took their prize. Two of them grasped the dead man by the ankles to drag him off to the cooking ovens. Later to enjoy their ghoulish feast.

This one for Taranaki! Take it away! This one for Ngarauru, take it away. So he continued, until all had

The HauHau leader Chief Titokowaru ensured that Von Tempskys body was to be spared this final indignity. His last mortal remains were treated with honour and respect being consigned to a funeral pyre with the bodies of his comrades who had died with him and not been eaten. Titokowaru spoke the following words over the flames that consumed his body:
The Death Of Von Tempsky

In the days of the past you fought here and you fought there, and you boasted that you would always emerge safely from your battles to a bright world of life. But when you encountered me your eyes were closed in their last sleep. It could not be helped; you sought your death at my hands, and now you sleep forever.

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. With the final defeat of TeKooti in 1872, and the end of hostilities, the Armed Constabulary became the target to transform them into a rural police force. This was accompanied by the disbandment of these divisions of bush soldiers, including the native contingent. By 1870 the Terry carbines had been on issue for between 5 and 8 years, many of them had seen active service in a tough environment. So it is no surprise to find in a report by Col. P. Harrington, when inspecting the Militia and Volunteers in the Taranaki and Wangunui districts in 1870, that he makes particular comment on the poor state of the carbines on issue.. A small arms return for August 1869 lists the following Terry carbines at the various garrisons:Auckland Waikato Tauranga Opotika Wairoa - 191 - 46 - 38 - 96 - 50 Turanganui Field Force Mata Napier Wairarapa Wellington = 1306 = 430 = 1736 In 1871 the annual report on the Armed Constabulary Force noted that: - 20 Mata - 259 - 224 - 98 - 97 Wanganui Patea Taranaki Dunedin Native Auxiliaries - 108 - 33 - 43 - 2 - 95

TOTAL ON ISSUE TOTAL IN STORE TOTAL IN COLONY

Within the last year the old breech-loading carbines, which were limited in range, wanting in precision and subject to foul and get out of order, have been replaced by Snider (long and medium) rifles which are admirable, but are too long and too heavy for bush warfare and I get to suggest the purchase of seven hundred (700) Snider carbines.

At the same time, 1200 Cavalry and other Volunteers were not reequipped, although their Terry carbines were described as being for the greater part unserviceable and worn out and the cause of universal complaint from the men. The carbines continued to be used by the Volunteer Corps until at least 1874, when another inspecting officer; Major Gordon, reported that the Terry breech loading carbines in the hands of

only 874 being on issue and 36 in store in 1878 with 100,000 if ammunition expected from England.

certain Cavalry and Cadet Corps are in a worse condition (than the Enfield rifles) and are positively dangerous. Here after their use seems to have been confined to Cadet Volunteers

105

The 1880 report on the Volunteer Force of New Zealand lists 941 Terry carbines still on issue and a further 21 in store, giving us a total of 962. By this time they were designated Cadet arms. The 1881 report of the Volunteers lists 769 carbines on issue and 156 in store. Those issued being used by the Wanganui Cadets 58, Patea Cadets 50, Thames Naval Cadets 42, Picton Cadets 23, Canterbury Naval Brigade 60, Dunedin City Guards Cadets 47, Dunedin High School Cadets 49, Dunedin South District School Cadets 44, Dunedin North District School Cadets 119, Dunedin Middle District School Cadets 42, Dunedin Normal School Cadets 85, Dunedin Warkouaiti Cadets 40, Invercargill Artillery Cadets 60, Wairoa Light Horse Cavalry Volunteers 2. No ammunition for them is recorded as being in store, so by this time they have certainly been relegated to drill purpose only. The same returns also list 744 muzzle loading carbines on issue to Cadets and a further 67 in store. These in the main would be Enfield Artillery carbines. Also recorded at this late date are 10,326 Pattern 1853 rifles in store and 1,322 on issue with 204,592 rounds of ammunition in store. By 1885 only 245 remained on issue to the Cadets. It can be supposed that the balance had been sold off as surplus in the Colony, undoubtedly some were destroyed and the remaining 245 followed soon after.In New Zealand today the Terry is not an uncommon gun, most museums even small town Museums seem to have at least one and there are many scattered around the country in private collections. How many did the Colony acquire, without documentary evidence it is difficult to quantify. Fortunately many, but not all, were stamped with a New Zealand identification number. From this it is possible to calculate a date of manufacture, but with difficulty. It is also known that on the outbreak of war the New Zealand authorities finding itself desperately short of arms made an appeal to other Colonies for arms and assistance, to which some responded. There are known in New Zealand a number of New South Wales Police issue Terry carbines. Of course, it is impossible to say for certain if they came over at the time of conflict or imported by collectors at a later date. However, two New South Wales Terry carbines have been recorded with both N.S.W. and N.Z. issue markings proving that a few at least were shipped from Australia. I have no doubt also that any available arms with dealers or importers in the Colony or even Australia would have been obtained. On summing up, it would appear that a small number of Terry carbines were acquired in late 1860 early 1861, which might have even been acquired locally. A further small number were shipped from New South Wales and obtained by private purchase. A large order of 1000 placed with the manufacturers in August 1863. However, the 1869 returns list 1736 carbines in the colony if accurate. This means that another order for a substantial quantity was made with the manufacturer either shortly before the order of 1863 or that order was increased. Examination of the serial numbers of known New Zealand issue specimens does not give much away as the sample batch is small. What is revealed is the following carbines; No 1939 NZ30 & No 1988 NZ 73, are part of an early purchase Circa 1860/61, Carbine No 5667 NZ 605 is also N.S.W. marked and obviously shipped as aid from that Colony. There must be others. The bulk of New Zealand marked arms start about 6334, which is difficult to date exactly, but an 1862 dated presentation rifle No 4871 is known. I am sure 6334 dates to 1863. The highest so far noted New Zealand issue carbine is 8702 which is certainly 1865, as gun No 8827 is actually dated on the lock 1865. 106

It appears New Zealand did not purchase any Terry Infantry rifles in quantity, one has been noted in a New Zealand dealers catalogue of March 1979. No serial number is given except the fact that it is stamped with a two digit N.Z. rack number. Probably an early gun obtained in the emergency when war broke out from a local dealer rather than from an order with the makers. The only other Terry rifles are presentation arms privately purchased. Such as arm No 4871 is a typical Terry Infantry rifle with the refinements of chequered wrist and forend. The butt is set with a silver plaque engraved Prize Rifle / Presented To /

Thomas Tunnicliffe / By / The Provincial Government of Nelson, New Zealand 1862.

So there we have it the story of the Calisher & Terry in New Zealand. To me certain arms are synonymous with various campaigns; the Napoleonic Wars; the India Pattern Brown Bess, although after the TV series Sharp it could be the Baker Rifle, whatever. The Crimean War
has to be the P51 Minnie Rifle, Indian Mutiny the P53 Enfield, Zulu War; the Martini Henry, Maori War; the Calisher & Terry. It is the New Zealand gun.

Of course, there is still much to be learnt of the Calisher & Terry and its issue in the New Zealand land wars. It is hoped this work will act as a base for others to build on and increase our knowledge. Acknowledgements This article would not have been possible by reasons of distance if it had not been for the kind assistance of the following :The National Museum of New Zealand, Wellington. Taranaki Museum, New Plymouth, Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, Wanganui Museum, Wanganui, Len King, Terry Shattock, Dave McCann,

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108

Sgt. Arthur Carkeek of TheArmed Constabulary with Calisher & Terry Carbine Sgt. Carkeek was awarded the New Zealand Cross in 1870; the was the N.Z. Equivalent of the Victoria Cross. His Bowie knife and Beaumont Adams can also Be seen.

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A List Of All Known Calisher & Terry Arms


SERIAL NO ISSUE NO CAL. & TYPE OF ARM 30 Bore trials carbine 30 Bore trials carbine 30 Bore trials carbine 30 Bore trials Carbine 30 Bore trials Carbine 30 Bore carbine 5grv rifling 66 14 bore Shotgun 30 Bore Carbine 30 Bore Std. military carbine 30 Bore Std. military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine C3 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std Military rifle 30 Bore Std military rifle 30 Bore Std military rifle 30 Bore Std military rifle 30 Bore Std military rifle 30 Bore Std Military rifle 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine MARKINGS AND DETAILS Crown Tower V.R 1857 on lock Terrys Patent on breech Ordnance 2 bd trials carbine with 21 barrel Crown Tower V.R 1857 on lock Terrys Patent on breech Ordnance trials 2 bd carbine with 21 barrel Plain lock, plain 24 barrel. 2 bands leaf sights Possible trials carbine Plain lock. Terrys Patent 30 Bore on breech. 2 bds, small ladder sight. Possible trials carbine Lock:- William Terry. Terrys Patent 30 Bore. on breech 116 Gt Charles St, Birmingham on barrel. Naval trials Crown V.R Tower on lock. Terrys Patent 30 bore on breech Thos. Blissett Liverpool on barrel. Unusual stock form no bands full forend held to barrel by two bolts passing through escutcheons. Calisher & Terry on Lock. Terrys Patent. on Breech Non standard beech lever. Loading port not fully covered Plain lock. Terrys Patent 30 Bore. On breech. Calisher & Terry. On barrel. Steep sided ladder rear sight. This is the first recorded carbine to the standard production military pattern. Slender stock one barrel band, ladder sight etc Plain lock. Terrys Patent 30 Bore. On breech. Thomas Blisset Liverpool on barrel Plain lock. Terrys Patent 30 Bore. on breech Plain barrel Plain lock. Terrys Patent 30 Bore. on breech. Plain barrel Plain lock. Terrys Patent 30 Bore. on breech Plain barrel. NSW on trigger guard. G^S on butt. First known issue military carbine in commercial range Plain lock. Terrys Patent 30 Bore on breech. Plain barrel. Early type steep sided ladder sight LOCATION Royal Armouries Leeds

School of Infantry Warminster Birmingham Museum of Science & Ind. Mike Noble

389

Private collection U. K. York Museum collection

497 538 599 602 629 718 742

Service Arms Private collection S. Australia Service Arms N.Zealand Museum

763 804 904 1129

1137

1139 1286 1325

G. Gibbs on lock. Terrys patent 30 Bore. On breech. Made for G. Gibbs Bristol on barrel. First recorded rifle to Standard production military pattern G. Gibbs. On lock Terrys Patent 30 Bore. On breech. Made for G. Gibbs Bristol on barrel. First recorded rifle to standard production military pattern. G.W.Bales Ipswich. On lock. Terrys Patent 30 Bore on breech. Chequered wrist and forend Charles Ingram Glasgow on lock. Terrys Patent 30 Bore. On breech. Calisher & Terry London. On lock. Terrys Patent 30 Bore on breech. First recorded specimen to have lock markings that became standard. Calisher & Terry London. On lock. Terrys Patent 30 Bore on breech. Calisher & Terry Makers To H.M. War Dept. on barrel. This is the first recorded specimen with all these markings that thereafter became standard All standard Calisher & Terry markings All standard Calisher & Terry markings Possible Queensland issue All standard Calisher & Terry markings

Service Arms Service Arms Private collection N. Zealand Australian Dealer

Service Arms

Service Arms Queensland Historical Society Gunbroker USA

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1368 1395 1505 1532 1536 1560 1570 1622 1625? 178o 1900 1939 1988 1922 2035 2126 2157 2169 2186 2220 3636 3648 3876 3943 3949 4047 4284 4510 N.Z 30 N.Z 73 P/A 31

30 Bore Sporting Rifle 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military rifle 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std Military rifle 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 bore. Sporter? 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Sporter 30Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Spt. rifle 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military rifle 30 Bore Std military rifle 30 Bore Std military rifle 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military rifle 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 40 Bore Sporting rifle 30Bore Std military carbine

Wallis & Wallis catalogue All standard Calisher & Terry markings All standard Calisher & Terry markings The carbine is silver plated All standard Calisher & Terry markings No bayonet lug All standard Calisher & Terry markings NSW on trigger guard All standard Calisher & Terry Markings Possible Queensland issue Marked W. M. & Co on lock Terrys Patent 30 Bore on breech Chequered wrist and forend All standard Calisher & Terry markings Chequered stock, foliate engraving to lock and action All standard Calisher & Terry markings Possible early N. Zealand issue Calisher & Terry London on lock. Oct. barrel with usual markings. High quality engraved gun. All standard Calisher & Terry markings 93/939 on butt, possible colonial issue All standard Calisher & Terry markings All standard Calisher & Terry markings. W.C.V 106 stamped to butt. Wanganui Cavalry Volunteers All standard Calisher & Terry markings. High quality civilian carbine chequered wrist & forend Lock with Crown to centre all other markings as standard All standard Calisher & Terry markings, appears to be sporterized military carbine All standard Calisher & Terry markings All standard Calisher & Terry markings lock no 5746 A4 to butt. Possible Queensland issue Lock with Crown to centre all other markings as standard All standard Calisher & Terry markings 82 stamped in butt. Possible Queensland issue All standard Calisher & Terry markings 6/4 on butt. Possibly Queensland issue All standard Calisher & Terry markings 3/43 on butt. Possible Queensland issue Lock with Crown to centre all other markings as standard All standard Calisher & Terry markings Quality presentation grade rifle chequered stock etc, plaque missing All standard Calisher & Terry markings. Brass furniture very unusual. Bought in Australia All standard Calisher & Terry markings, Extra quality engraved lock and action. Chequered stock All standard Calisher & Terry markings 26 stamped to butt and 8 scratched All standard Calisher & Terry markings Fitted with side rib & ring. York Museum Private collection Australia Private collection N. Zealand Canterbury museum N. Zealand Private collection Australia. Holts Auction Private collection N. Zealand Wanganui Museum N. Zealand Tower Heritage Birmingham museum of Science & Ind. Private Collection N. Zealand Royal Armouries Leeds Private Collection Australia

Private collection N. Zealand Private collection Australia Service Arms Private Collection Australia

Service Arms Tower Heritage Ltd S. African Museum Service Arms

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4542 4543 4634 4652 4748 4798

R.A 10

30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military rifle 30 Bore Spt rifle 30 Bore Std military carbine 30Bore Std military carbine 80 Bore Sporting rifle 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Poss Cut down rifle 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 52 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std. military carbine

All standard Calisher & Terry markings. Possibly NSW Gaols service issue. Has lock off carbine 6180 which in all probability was a NSW issue carbine. butt stamped G.S All standard Calisher & Terry markings All standard Calisher & Terry markings

Private collection Australia U.S.A collection Private collection Australia Private collection Australia Service Arms Private collection Australia Private collection N. Zealand

All standard Calisher & Terry Markings All standard Calisher & Terry marking Chequered wrist and forend Barrel only standard markings All standard Calisher & Terry markings. Superior quality chequered stock extra engraving. Silver plaque inscribed Prize Rifle Presented to Thomas Tunnicliffe by the Provincial Government of Nelson N.Z in 1862 All standard Calisher & Terry markings 33 oct barrel T. Blisset on lock all other markings standard Originally owned by Jeb. Stuart. Confederate General All standard Calisher & Terry markings. NSW of trigger guard. NSW 65 & M216 on butt Ebral Shrewsbury. On lock. Terrys Patent 80 Bore on breech. Other markings as standard All standard Calisher & Terry markings NSW on trigger guard All standard Calisher & Terry markings NSW on trigger guard. Police issue J. Beattie. On lock. Terrys Patent 30 Bore. On breech. J. Beattie 205 Regent St. London. On barrel All standard Calisher & Terry markings. NSW on trigger guard. NSW 93 on butt All standard Calisher & Terry markings Bad condition All standard Calisher & Terry makings. Also has saddle bar & ring. NSW on trigger guard. Lock with crown to centre. All other markings as standard Lock missing all other markings as standard Chequered wrist and forend 7 groove rifling All standard Calisher & Terry markings All standard Calisher & Terry markings NSW issue All standard Calisher & Terry markings Saddle bar R.B & Co in stock. NSW issue All standard Calisher & Terry markings All standard Calisher & Terry markings All standard Calisher & Terry markings. NSW on trigger guards All standard Calisher & Terry markings NSW issue All standard Calisher & Terry markings N. Z issue All standard Calisher & Terry Markings

4871

4899 4928 5143 5150 5177 5220 5513 5556 5592 5667 5740 5746 5755 5777 5785 5797 5798 5811 5937 5957 6024 A/P 567 A/P 602 N.Z 186 A/P 585 A/P 383 LP L97 N.Z 605 NSW 69 A/P 194 P/A 319

Museum of Confederacy Service Arms Service Arms Victoria Museum Melbourne Private collection Australia Service Arms Private collection N. Zealand

Private collection N. Zealand Service Arms Private collection Australia Service Arms Waiouru Army Museum N.Z

Private collection Australia Service Arms purchase in A.A.A

Waiouru Army Museum N. Z Private collection A.A.A.A

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6057 6180 6222 6234 6242 6256 6289 6263 6298 6302 6306 6309 6312 6343 6345 6334 6424 6524 6551 6565 6575 6738 6757 6780 6802 6822 6824 6936 6864 6991 N. Z 561? NSWP 80 N. Z 681 NSW P NSW N. Z 110 N. Z. 378 A/P 519 A/P 513 A/P 867 A/P 497 A/P 509

NSWP 30 N. Z. 439 N. Z 329 N. Z 532

30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std Military carbie 30 Bore Std military carbine

All standard Calisher & Terry markings Dated 1865 on the lock????? All standard Calisher & Terry markings NSW on T/G and R. B & co in stock by T/G All standard Calisher & Terry markings NSW 240 on butt All standard Calisher & Terry markings NSW on trigger guard and NSW 257 on butt All standard Calisher & Terry markings NSW on trigger guard and NSW 257 on butt All standard Calisher & Terry markings NSW on trigger guard and NSW 322 on butt All standard Calisher & Terry markings De lux model extra engraved chequered stock from USA All Standard Calisher & Terry Markings All standard Calisher & Terry markings All standard Calisher & Terry markings. Issued to NSW northern territories expedition 1866 to R. Watson As Above. Issued to Dr Milner As Above. Issued to J.W.V. Bennett As Above. As Above. Issued to H. D. Packard As Above. Issued to J. J. Benham All standard Calisher & Terry markings Stock carved with Maori designs. Possible N. Z. issue All standard Calisher & Terry markings N. Z. issue All Standard Calisher & Terry markings Owned by Jefferson Davis President of Confederacy All standard Calisher & Terry Markings All standard Calisher & Terry markings N. Z issue All standard Calisher & Terry markings. N. Z. issue. Barrel and lock no 5841. rebuilt from parts All standard Calisher & Terry markings N. Z. issue. Maori carved and with TeKooti provenance All standard Calisher & Terry markings All Standard Calisher & Terry markings. NSW on T/G and P519 butt cap tang All standard Calisher & Terry markings NSW stamp on butt All standard Calisher & Terry markings N. Z. issued Maori carved All standard Calisher & Terry markings All standard Calisher & Terry markings N. Z. issue All standard Calisher & Terry markings NSW Police issue All standard Calisher & Terry markings N. Z. issue

Private collection Australia Private collection Brisbane Tower Heritage Private collection Australia Details found in Australian archives

Wallis & Wallis A. Lustkyik Auction Private collection N. Zealand Private collection N. Zealand Wanganui Museum N. Zealand Private collection U. K Aust. Antique Auctions

Waiouru Army Museum N. Z Christies Auction Australia Wanganui Museum N. Zealand

113

7001 7003 7044 7124 7157 7220 7244 7255 7319 7460 7457 7482 7519 7554 7563 7611 7651 7718 7725 7730 Parts 7761 7775 7791 7905 7912 7927 7951 7956 8012 8078

N. Z 889 N. Z 789 N. Z 884 N. Z 839 N. Z 1315 N. Z 990 N. Z 719? N. Z 1300 N. Z 914

N. Z 1315 N. Z 1258 N. Z 914 N. Z ? N. Z 1303

N. Z 1155 NSWP 187 N. Z C57Q ?

N. Z 1201 NSW 195 NSW 92 N. Z 1584 NSWP 187

N. Z 1494 N. Z 1389

30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std. military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine

All standard Calisher & Terry markings N. Z issue All standard Calisher & Terry markings N. Z. issue All standard Calisher & Terry markings N. Z. issue All Standard Calisher & Terry markings N. Z. issue All Standard Calisher & Terry markings N. Z. issue. Butt with part finished Maori carving All Standard Calisher & Terry markings N. Z. issue All Standard Calisher & Terry markings N. Z. issue All Standard Calisher & Terry markings N. Z. issue All Standard Calisher & Terry markings. Breech No 7599. Bolt No 5530. N. Z. issue. Salvaged from 3 guns All Standard Calisher & Terry markings All Standard Calisher & Terry markings N. Z. issue. Maori carved All Standard Calisher & Terry markings N. Z. issue All Standard Calisher & Terry markings N. Z. issue All Standard Calisher & Terry markings N. Z. issue All Standard Calisher & Terry markings N. Z. issue All Standard Calisher & Terry markings All Standard Calisher & Terry markings. Barrel only dug up at fort site at mouth of Brisbane river All Standard Calisher & Terry markings Poss. NSW issue All Standard Calisher & Terry markings N. Z issue with some Maori marking All Standard Calisher & Terry markings, On butt made for Roberts & Co Pall Mall All Standard Calisher & Terry markings All Standard Calisher & Terry markings All Standard Calisher & Terry markings N. Z. issue All Standard Calisher & Terry markings NSW issue. Butt With C & T roundel. and NSW249 . T/G NSWP All Standard Calisher & Terry markings & on Butt Made for Herbert & Co. 8 Pall Mall, East London By C & T. All Standard Calisher & Terry markings. N. Z. issue All Standard Calisher & Terry markings Mixed parts with No 7730 All standard Calisher & Terry markings All Standard Calisher & Terry markings N. Z. issue All Standard Calisher & Terry markings N. Z. issue

Private collection N. Zealand

Private collection N. Zealand

Museum of N. Zealand Private collection N. Zealand Private collection Australia Private collection N. Zealand

Private Collection Queensland

Private Collection N. Zealand

Hawkes Bay Museum N. Z

Private collection Queensland A.A.A.A TeAwamutu Museum N. Z

Private collection N. Australia Private collection N. Zealand

114

8081 8102 8118 8148 8213 8218 8234 8242 8263 8610 8638 8641 8676 8827 9057 10,045 10,996 13009 13,317 ? 14,510 14,512

N. Z 1414 N. Z 1494

N. Z 1001 N. Z 1569 N. Z. 1578 N. Z 1637 N. Z 1648 N. Z 1656 N. Z 145

30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Sporting rifle 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore Std military carbine 30 Bore std military carbine 40 Bore std military carbine 30 Bore Std military rifle 30 Bore Std Military rifle 30 Bore Std military rifle 30 Bore Std Military rifle 30 Bore std Military rifle

All Standard Calisher & Terry markings N. Z. issue All Standard Calisher & Terry markings N. Z. issue All Standard Calisher & Terry markings N. Z issue All Standard Calisher & Terry markings N. Z. issue. S.J 18 on trigger guard All Standard Calisher & Terry markings N. Z. issue. Maori marked Henarepoihipi on Butt All Standard Calisher & Terry markings N. Z. issue All Standard Calisher & Terry markings N. Z. issue. Butt stamped A.T.C All Standard Calisher & Terry markings N. Z issue. Witamapio on butt All Standard Calisher & Terry markings N. Z. issue All Standard Calisher & Terry markings N. Z issue All Standard Calisher & Terry markings. N. Z. issue Butt carved Kupapa Barrel only found on a farm in Queensland All Standard Calisher & Terry markings Higher quality extra engraved and twist barrel All Standard Calisher & Terry markings lock also dated 1865 All Standard Calisher & Terry markings lock also dated 1865 Terrys Patent 30 Bore. Breech Loading Armoury Co Ltd, London on barrel. Breech Loading Armoury Co 1865 On lock Terrys Patent 40 Bore, Breech Loading Armoury Co Ltd London on brl. Breech Loading Armoury Co 1866 to lock Breech engraved Terrys. Patent. and barrel W. H. Tisdall 47 Whittal St. Birmingham Lock Calisher & Terry 1868, barrel Terrys Patent 30 Bore C & T roundel on butt with Whitall St. address Lock Calisher & Terry 1869 and on barrel Calisher & Terry Makers Whittal St. Birmingham Lock Calisher & Terry 1869 Lock Calisher & Terry 1869. Breech Terrys Patent 30 bore All parts with assembly no 27. C & T roundel on butt

Waiouru Army museum N. Z Private collection N. Zealand Wanganui museum N. Zealand

Museum of New Zealand Private collection N. Zealand

N. Zealand Police museum Wanganui museum N. Zealand Private collection N. Zealand Private collection Queensland Private collection Queensland York Castle Museum Albany museum S. Africa M.J.M Arms U. K. Christies auction Australia Tower Heritage N.Z Dealers catalogue Private collection U. K Service Arms Tower Heritage Private collection U. K

I would be interested in hearing from anyone who can add to this list.

115