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Principle of Linear Impulse and Momentum

The Principle of Linear Impulse and Momentum states that the (linear) impulse from external forces acting on a rigid body over a given time interval equals the change in linear momentum with respect to the center of mass.

dv F m dt

t2

t1

F dt mv2 mv1

Ken Youssefi

Mechanical Engineering Dept.

Principle of Angular impulse and Momentum

Ken Youssefi

Mechanical Engineering Dept.

Principle of Angular impulse and Momentum Rigid Body

The Principle of Angular Impulse and Momentum states that the (angular) impulse from external moments acting on a rigid body over a given time interval equals the change in angular momentum.
Ken Youssefi Mechanical Engineering Dept.

Principle of Impulse and Momentum


Impulse and momentum equations for the Planar motion with rotation about the center of gravity

Linear

Angular

2D scalar equations
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Ken Youssefi

Mechanical Engineering Dept.

Non-centroidal Rotation
Rotation about point O

Use the parallel axis theorem to find the angular momentum Ho of the body about point O.

Principle of angular impulse and momentum

Ken Youssefi

Mechanical Engineering Dept.

Principle of Impulse and Momentum


The principle can be applied to an entire system of connected bodies. No need to account for the interaction impulses which occurs at the connections.

Same reference point, O, should be used to determine the systems angular impulse and angular momentum

Ken Youssefi

Mechanical Engineering Dept.

Conservation of Angular Momentum


The impulses of the external forces are zero when there are no external forces applied to a rigid body.
Conservation of Linear Momentum of a system

Conservation of Angular Momentum of a system (IG)1 = (IG)2 = constant

Diver executing a somersault


Ken Youssefi Mechanical Engineering Dept.

Example 1

Ken Youssefi

Mechanical Engineering Dept.

Example 1
Principle of impulse and momentum for Gear A

Ken Youssefi

Mechanical Engineering Dept.

Example 1
Principle of impulse and momentum for Gear B

Ken Youssefi

Mechanical Engineering Dept.

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Example 2

Apply the principle of impulse to the sphere at time zero when it comes in contact with the surface until the time when it starts rolling on the surface.

Ken Youssefi

Mechanical Engineering Dept.

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Example 2

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Mechanical Engineering Dept.

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Example 2

Substitute t in 2 equation

Ken Youssefi

Mechanical Engineering Dept.

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Example 3

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Mechanical Engineering Dept.

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Example 3

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Mechanical Engineering Dept.

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Example 3

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Mechanical Engineering Dept.

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Example 4

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Mechanical Engineering Dept.

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Example 4

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Mechanical Engineering Dept.

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Example 4

Mass moment of inertia of the plate about the center of the gravity

Ken Youssefi

Mechanical Engineering Dept.

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Example 4

Ken Youssefi

Mechanical Engineering Dept.

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