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Types of Refrigeration Systems

  • 4 Basic Refrigeration Systems

    • Direct Expansion (DX)

      • Air-Cooled condenser

        • Chilled Water System (CW)

          • Air-Cooled Condenser

    • Direct Expansion (DX)

      • Chilled Water System (CW)

      • Water-Cooled Condenser

      • Water-Cooled Condenser

DX Cooling with Air-Cooled Condensing

Air

DX Cooling with Air-Cooled Condensing Air Cooling Coil & Evaporator (DX) Outdoor Air Condenser Compressor
DX Cooling with Air-Cooled Condensing Air Cooling Coil & Evaporator (DX) Outdoor Air Condenser Compressor

Cooling Coil &

Evaporator (DX)

Outdoor Air Condenser
Outdoor Air
Condenser

Compressor

DX Cooling with Air-Cooled Condensing Air Cooling Coil & Evaporator (DX) Outdoor Air Condenser Compressor
DX Cooling with Air-Cooled Condensing Air Cooling Coil & Evaporator (DX) Outdoor Air Condenser Compressor

Typical Residential System

Filter Expansion Device Condenser Evaporator (Cooling Coil) & Compressor Refrigerant Piping
Filter
Expansion
Device
Condenser
Evaporator
(Cooling Coil)
&
Compressor
Refrigerant
Piping

DX Cooling with Water-Cooled Condensing

Compressor

Air

DX Cooling with Water-Cooled Condensing Compressor Air Cooling Coil& Evaporator (DX) Pressure Reducing Device Cooling Tower

Cooling Coil& Evaporator (DX)

Pressure Reducing Device

Cooling Tower
Cooling
Tower

Suction Line

Outside Air

DX Cooling with Water-Cooled Condensing Compressor Air Cooling Coil& Evaporator (DX) Pressure Reducing Device Cooling Tower

Liquid Line

DX Cooling with Water-Cooled Condensing Compressor Air Cooling Coil& Evaporator (DX) Pressure Reducing Device Cooling Tower
Water-Cooled Condenser
Water-Cooled
Condenser

Hot Gas Discharge

Condenser Pump

Water-Cooled Condenser

  • Water flows through tubes

  • Refrigerant vapor fills shell surrounding tubes

  • Heat transfers from refrigerant to water

  • Refrigerant condenses

Warm Water

Warm Water

Cool Water

Cool Water

Refrigerant Vapor

Water-Cooled Condenser  Water flows through tubes  Refrigerant vapor fills shell surrounding tubes  Heat
Liquid Refrigerant
Liquid Refrigerant

DX Cooling with Water-Cooled Condensers

Self Contained Macon, GA

DX Cooling with Water-Cooled Condensers  Self Contained  Macon, GA
DX Cooling with Water-Cooled Condensers  Self Contained  Macon, GA
DX Cooling with Water-Cooled Condensers  Self Contained  Macon, GA

Cooling Tower

Propeller Fan Sprays Fill Outdoor Air Sump To Condenser From Condenser 85°F [29°C] 95°F [35°C]
Propeller Fan
Sprays
Fill
Outdoor Air
Sump
To Condenser
From Condenser
85°F [29°C]
95°F [35°C]

Chilled Water Cooling with Air-Cooled Condensing

Cooling

Coil

Chilled Water Return
Chilled Water
Return
Chilled Water Cooling with Air-Cooled Condensing Cooling Coil Chilled Water Return 3-Way Valve Chilled Water Supply

3-Way Valve

Chilled Water

Supply

Evaporator Liquid Line Pressure Reducing Device Compressor
Evaporator
Liquid Line
Pressure Reducing
Device
Compressor
Outside Air Air-Cooled Condenser
Outside Air
Air-Cooled
Condenser

Chilled Water Pump Suction Line

Hot Gas Discharge Line
Hot Gas
Discharge Line

Shell-and-Tube Evaporator

Chilled-Water Supply Baffles Chilled-Water Return Refrigerant Vapor Tube Bundle Liquid / Vapor refrigerant
Chilled-Water
Supply
Baffles
Chilled-Water
Return
Refrigerant
Vapor
Tube Bundle
Liquid / Vapor
refrigerant

Chilled Water Cooling with Air-Cooled Condenser

RTAA Pueblo, CO Centrifugal Chiller Charmes, France Packaged Air-Cooled Chiller Clarksville,TN Pueblo, CO

Chilled Water Cooling with Air-Cooled Condenser  RTAA  Pueblo, CO  Centrifugal Chiller  Charmes,
Chilled Water Cooling with Air-Cooled Condenser  RTAA  Pueblo, CO  Centrifugal Chiller  Charmes,
Chilled Water Cooling with Air-Cooled Condenser  RTAA  Pueblo, CO  Centrifugal Chiller  Charmes,
Chilled Water Cooling with Air-Cooled Condenser  RTAA  Pueblo, CO  Centrifugal Chiller  Charmes,

Chilled Water Cooling with Water-Cooled Condensing

Cooling

Chilled Water Cooling with Water-Cooled Condensing Cooling Coil Air 3-Way Valve Chilled Water Supply Chilled Water
Chilled Water Cooling with Water-Cooled Condensing Cooling Coil Air 3-Way Valve Chilled Water Supply Chilled Water

Coil

Air

3-Way Valve

Chilled Water

Supply

Chilled Water Return
Chilled Water
Return
Evaporator Outside Air Liquid Line Cooling Pressure Reducing Tower Device Water-Cooled Condenser Compressor
Evaporator
Outside Air
Liquid Line
Cooling
Pressure Reducing
Tower
Device
Water-Cooled
Condenser
Compressor

Hot Gas Discharge

Chilled Water Cooling with Water-Cooled Condensing Cooling Coil Air 3-Way Valve Chilled Water Supply Chilled Water

Chilled Water Pump Suction Line

Condenser Pump

Chilled Water Cooling with Water-Cooled Condenser

Centrifugal Chiller LaCrosse, WI Helical-Rotary (Screw) Chiller Pueblo, CO Scroll Chiller Pueblo, CO

Chilled Water Cooling with Water-Cooled Condenser  Centrifugal Chiller  LaCrosse, WI  Helical-Rotary (Screw) Chiller
Chilled Water Cooling with Water-Cooled Condenser  Centrifugal Chiller  LaCrosse, WI  Helical-Rotary (Screw) Chiller
Chilled Water Cooling with Water-Cooled Condenser  Centrifugal Chiller  LaCrosse, WI  Helical-Rotary (Screw) Chiller
Chilled Water Cooling with Water-Cooled Condenser  Centrifugal Chiller  LaCrosse, WI  Helical-Rotary (Screw) Chiller
Chilled Water Cooling with Water-Cooled Condenser  Centrifugal Chiller  LaCrosse, WI  Helical-Rotary (Screw) Chiller

Water Cooled Condenser and Cooling Towers

Water Cooled Condenser and Cooling Towers
17 18 15 16 3 6 8 19 13 4 2 21 7 1 5 14
17
18
15
16
3
6
8
19
13
4
2
21
7
1
5
14
20
9
12
11 10
11 10
11 10
11 10
11 10
11 10
11 10
 

11

   

10

 

Summary of Intro to HVAC

90 What Is Refrigeration? 80% 60% .025 80 2 .020 40% 70 50 3 % .015
90
What Is Refrigeration?
80%
60%
.025
80
2
.020
40%
70
50
3
%
.015
60
4
.010
50
20%
1
40
30
comfort zone
.005
30
40
50
60
70
75
80
90
100
110
Dry Bulb Temperature (°F)
Chilled-water
return
Refrigerant
vapor
Liquid–vapor
Baffles
refrigerant
Tube bundle
Humidity Ratio (Lb w /lb a )

From the Trane Library

More on HVAC Fundamentals

  • Air Conditioning Clinics

    • Psychrometry

    • Refrigeration Cycle

    • Refrigeration Components

  • Engineered System Clinics

    • Understanding HVAC Systems

    • Airside Systems

    • Refrigeration Systems

  • Trane Systems Manual

  • Definitions: A-C

    Definitions: D-G

    Definitions: H-O

    Definitions: P-U

    Definitions: V-Z