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The Prophethood of Muhammad (PBUH)


The Prophethood of Muhammad (PBUH) and False Claims of Barelvi Sect Siddra Rehman Islamic Online University Sheikh Bilal Philips April 30, 2013

The Prophethood of Muhammad (PBUH)

Alhamdulillahirabbil-'alamin was salatu was salamu 'ala ashrifil anbiya walmursaleen nabiyina Muhammad wa 'ala alihi wa sahbihi ajma'in. Ammaba'ad

All praise is due to Allah who created mankind and did not leave them misguided. He created and also provided mankind with the purpose of life. For conveying the purpose of life, He sent Prophets and Messengers among mankind. These Prophets and Messengers were among ordinary human beings just like other human beings. Allah sent revelation to the Prophets through His angel. The Messengers of Allah were sent to particular nations to guide them. In this process of enjoining good and forbidding evil, Allah gave them miracles to strengthen their prophet hood. These miracles worked only by the will of Allah. Our Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) was also among the prophets sent down for the guidance of mankind. He was sent at the time when the ignorance of mankind was at its peak. He, like other prophets, was among mankind. He was a human being, who ate, drank, walked, slept, married, etc. In short, his needs were same as the needs of other human beings. Muhammad (Peace be Upon him) was a Human Being:
Allah says in the Quran:

The Prophethood of Muhammad (PBUH)

Say (O Muhammad SAW): I am only a man like you. It has been revealed to me that your Ilh (God) is One Ilh (God i.e. Allh). So whoever hopes for the Meeting with his Lord, let him work righteousness and associate none as a partner in the worship of his Lord. (Quran 18: 110) Knowledge of Our Prophet: Every knowledge that our Prophet possessed was based on revelation and from guidance of Allah. Our Prophet did not have the knowledge of the unseen; it was Allah who revealed the knowledge of unseen things. This can also be understood from this that once a group of jinns were passing by our Prophet (Peace be upon him) and stopped to listen Quran. Our Prophet did not know of their presence, it was Allah who informed our Prophet about them. Allah says in the Quran about this incident: Say (O Muhammad SAW): "It has been revealed to me that a group of jinn listened (to this Qur'n). They said: 'Verily! We have heard a wonderful Recitation (this Qur'n)! (Quran 72: 1) The proof that our Prophet did not have the knowledge of the unseen can also be seen in the following hadeeth of Umar (May Allah be pleased with him), when Jiraeel came to Prophet (Peace be upon him) and asked him few questions, among those questions he asked, Inform me about the Hour. He (the Messenger of Allah) said, About that the one questioned knows no more than the questioner. 1

Bukhari and Muslim

The Prophethood of Muhammad (PBUH)

The False Beliefs of the Barelvis Introduction to Barelvis

The Braylwiyyah are a Soofee sect which was born in India at the time of the British rule there. Its followers concern themselves in exceeding in their love and honour for the Prophets and the "saints" in general, and the Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) specifically.

Its founder was a man by the name of Ahmad Ridhaa Khaan ibn Taqee 'Alee Khaan who was born in 1272 A.H. (1851 C.E.) and called himself Abdul-Mustafaa (slave/servant of Mustafaa, i.e. Muhammad (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam)). He was born in the city of Braylee in the province of Uttar Pradesh and was a student of al-Mirza Ghulaam Qaadir Begg who was the older (blood) brother of Mirza Ghulaam Ahmad al-Qaadiyaanee (founder of the Qaadiyaaniyyah sect).2

In the following we will discuss the false claims of the Barelvis about the Prophet (Peace be upon him).

1. The Prophet has Power Over all Things:

Ahmad Ridhaa Khaan, in his extreme exaggeration about the Messenger (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him), said: The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) is in control everywhere; he is the king of earth and the sovereign of mankind.3 This is absolutely false, Allah alone is the one to whom belongs everything in the heavens and the earth and so does the dominion and power over all things.
2 3

http://islamqa.info/en/ref/1487 http://www.islamqa.info/en/ref/150265/no.%201487

The Prophethood of Muhammad (PBUH)

Allah says in the Quran: "Blessed be He in whose hands is dominion and He over all things hath Power." (Quran 67: 1)

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:"Do not raise me alone my right, for Allah, the Exalted, has made me a servant before he made me a messenger." 4 2. The Prophet is alive even after his death: The Barelvi has said more than that:"The saints and prophets do not die. They are buried while they are living. Their life in the grave is like that in this world, indeed far better than it."Concerning the prophets the Barelvi says: "The life of prophets (after death) is real, sensuous and like that in this world. Death befalls them for a moment so that Allah's word is fulfilled. After a second, life returns to them and they become living as they were before. To this life apply the rules of this worldly-life. For this reason their inheritance is not divided, their wives are not married, nor do they pass waiting-period. They eat, drink and pray in their graves. They say about the Prophet (peace be upon him): "He was alive before his burial and was speaking."5 The Prophets are not different from other human beings; they experience death just like other human beings. Allah says in the Quran: Not alike are the blind and the seeing. Neither darknesses and light, Nor the shade and the suns heat. : And the living and the dead are not alike. Allah makes to hear whomsoever He wills. And you cannot make to hear those who are in the graves. (Quran 35: 19 22) 3. The Prophets Possess the Knowledge of the Unseen:

Al-Hakim, al-Mustadrak; al-Tabarani, al-Mu'jam al-Kabir Zaheer, Bareilawis History and Beliefs, p. 115

The Prophethood of Muhammad (PBUH)

The Barelvi said: "The knowledge of the guarded Tablet, the knowledge of the Pen, and the knowledge of whatever existed and of whatever will exist are a part of the knowledge of the Prophet (peace be upon him)"6 This belief of theirs is on the contrary to the text of Quran and Sunnah. Allah says in the Quran: "Say: The unseen is only for Allah (to know). Then wait you: I too will wait with you. (Quran 10: 20) Say: None in the heavens and the earth knows the Ghaib (unseen) except Allh, nor can they perceive when they shall be resurrected.(Quran 27: 65) 4. Muhammad (Peace be upon him) is created from the light of Allah and he is Omnipresent and Omniscient: The Barelvis denied the fact that the Prophets were among the human beings. They said about Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) that he was created from the light of Allah. They borrowed this view from extremist Rafidis and Isma'ilis. Following is their quote about the Messenger of Allah: "The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) is light from the divine light, and all the creatures are from his light."7 A'isha (Allah be pleased with her), the mother of the believers, said about the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him): "He was but a man from mankind: he washed his clothes, milked his sheep, and served himself.8 This claim of Barelvis can also be refuted through the following verse:
6 7

Zaheer, Bareilawis History and Beliefs, p. 124 Ahmad Yar, Mawa'iz Na'imiya, p. 14 8 Shama'il al-Tirmidhi

The Prophethood of Muhammad (PBUH)

With their hearts occupied (with evil things) those who do wrong, conceal their private

counsels, (saying): Is this (Muhammad SAW) more than a human being like you? Will you submit to magic while you see it? (Quran 21: 3) One of the beliefs of Barelvis is that they believe that Muhammad (Peace be upon him) is present everywhere and sees everything in the sense in which these words are not applicable even to Allah, the Creator, the most High, all knowing and fully informed.9 They say: There is no place and there is no time in which the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) is not present10 This belief is also to be refuted, as we can see in the Quran; when Allah talks about Maryam, relating her story to the Prophet (Peace be upon him): "You were not with them when they cast lots with arrows, as to which of them should be charged with the care of Mary: nor were you with them when they were disputing." (Quran 3: 44)

The Barelvis have anthropomorphized Muhammad (peace be upon him) and given him the attributes of Allah, which belong to Allah alone. They have deviated from the right path and have done shirk. The Quran and Sunnah have clear proofs to refute their claims. May Allah guide us to be among the ones who follow the path of righteousness.


Zaheer, Bareilawis History and Beliefs, p. 151 Ahmad Sa'id al-Kazimi, Taskin ai-Khawatir fi Mas'alat al-Hadir wa'l-Nazir, p. 85

The Prophethood of Muhammad (PBUH)

Works Cited
Zaheer, Ehsan Elahi (1985) Bareilawis History and Beliefs. Lahore, Pakistan: Idara Tarjuman Al-Sunnah. Pdf book. al-Munajjid, Muhammad Salih.Islam Q&A - Questions & Answers. 1997 - 2013. fatwa bank. 30 April 2013.