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# ECGR4102/5102 Engineering Simulation UNC Charlotte Depart ment of Electrical and Computer Engineering Final Exam (take -hom

## e option), Fall 2012

Name: ____________________ Examination Procedure: a) Take-home, open books, open notes, and open all other non-human information sources. b) Each individual student must work independently, no assistance from other persons is allowed. c) Simulation codes must be written in either MATLAB m-files or other software approved by instructor. d) Exam due date is 10am, Wednesday Dec. 12, 2012. Late turn-ins will not be accepted. Consider the two-conductor transmission line shown in Fig. 1.
z-axis

The time-domain equations that model signal propagation along this transmission line are (, ) (, ) = (, ) (, ) (, ) = (, ) (1 )

## Fig. 1: A two-conductor transmission line with length .

+ (, 0) (, 0)

(, 0)

(, ) (, )

(, )

+ (, ) (, )

where (, ) is the differential voltage between the two lines and (, ) is the conduction current in the two lines at time t and location z. The sending end voltage and current are denoted by (, 0) and (, 0), respectively. The receiving end voltage and current are denoted by (, ) and (, ), respectively. The combined resistances and inductances of both lines per unit length are modeled by R and L. The capacitance between the two lines per unit length is modeled by C , and G is the per unit length conductance accounting for losses in the dielectric separating the two conductors. Finite-Difference Time-Domain (FDTD) Solution: Assuming the transmission lines dielectric to be lossless ( = 0), use the FDTD method and solve for (, ) and (, ) in the domain = [0, 4] and = [0, 0.2]. The transmission line parameters are = 10 /, = 0.25 /, = 0.1 /, = 4, load resistance is = 50, source voltage is () = 20 cos(2 108 ), source resistance is = 50 , boundary conditions are (, 0) = () (, 0), (, ) = (, ), and initial conditions are (0 , ) = (0 , ) = 0. Assume the source voltage () is applied at = 0, and use a mesh size of = 0.04 by = 0.4. You may use a much larger time-step during animation.

(1)

Submit your report by 10am on Wednesday Dec. 12. Your report should include: 1. This page with your name written at the top. 2. Summary of equations for the interior grid points. 3. Summary of equations for the boundary grid points. 4. Summary of equations for initial conditions. 5. Your MATLAB codes in a single m-file that solves the transmission line equations and animates (, ) and (, ), showing how they propagate along the transmission line.

6. Use your last name as the name for your m-file (lastname.m) and email it to miri@uncc.edu by the deadline above.