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Reference Number :

B0617-1

Calculation of Bolt Torque for sealing of Flanges Reference: Pressure Vessel design manual Dennis R.Moss Page 42 , Procedure 2-8 *****Design Data *****
Flange Description / Name: Design Pressure: Test Pressure : Moment : Radial Load : Friction Factor: Design Temp. : P Pt M Pr K Dt GAS CHILLER (6-E-9550) CHANNEL FLANGE = 9.27 Mpa = 12.051 Mpa = 0 Nm = 0 N = 0.1 = 25 Deg.C

*****Gasket Data *****


Type : Diam.of Raised face: O/diam. : I/Diam. : Gasket Width : Factor : Factor : Gasket Material: Young's Mod. : Thick.Gasket : Effect.gask.width: Pressure Diam. : Contact Area of Gask drf od id N Y m Mat Eg tg b G Ag = = = = = = = = = = = = = NF Ring Type 1016 mm 1016 mm 984 mm 16 mm 62 Mpa 3.75 316L METAL JACKETED 195128.5 Mpa 3 mm 6.501 mm 1002.998 mm 40969 mm^2

*****Bolting Data *****


Bolt Material selected : Thread Type : UNC / Metric Nominal Size : Ns = Quantity : n = Area Root Diam.of Thread: d = Pitch Diam.of Threads: dm = Young's Mod. : Eb = Total Area of Bolts: Ab = Thick of Nut : tn = Dim'n over Flanges : x = Effect.Bolt Length : lb = ASTM A193/B7 TEMA - 2A 50.8 32 1710.96432 48.73752 204781.5 54750.86 51.2 375.5 426.7 mm mm^2 mm Mpa mm^2 mm mm mm

***** Loads *****


Hydro.end Force : H Joint contact Load : Hp Decreas.comp.force in gask.: DeltF Init.req'd tight.force : Fbo Min.Bolt load for Gask.seat: Wm2 > Wm2 & Fbo : W = = = = = = = = 7324355 1424199 7252838 8677037 1270052 8677037 110130 81199 N N N N N N Nm LB.FT

Req'd Torque

Reference Number :

B0617-1

Calculation of Bolt Torque for sealing of Flanges Reference: Pressure Vessel design manual Dennis R.Moss Page 42 , Procedure 2-8 *****Design Data *****
Flange Description / Name: Test Pressure : Moment : Radial Load : Friction Factor: Design Temp. : Pt M Pr K Dt GAS CHILLER (6-E-9550) CHANNEL FLANGE = 12.051 Mpa = 0 Nm = 0 N = 0.1 = 25 Deg.C

*****Gasket Data *****


Type : Diam.of Raised face: O/diam. : I/Diam. : Gasket Width : Factor : Factor : Gasket Material: Young's Mod. : Thick.Gasket : Effect.gask.width: Pressure Diam. : Contact Area of Gask drf od id N Y m Mat Eg tg b G Ag = = = = = = = = = = = = = NF Ring Type 1016 mm 1016 mm 984 mm 16 mm 62 Mpa 3.75 316L METAL JACKETED 195128.5 Mpa 3 mm 6.501 mm 1002.998 mm 40969 mm^2

*****Bolting Data *****


Bolt Material selected : Thread Type : UNC / Metric Nominal Size : Ns = Quantity : n = Area Root Diam.of Thread: d = Pitch Diam.of Threads: dm = Young's Mod. : Eb = Total Area of Bolts: Ab = Thick of Nut : tn = Dim'n over Flanges : x = Effect.Bolt Length : lb = ASTM A193/B7 TEMA - 2A 50.8 32 1710.96432 48.73752 204781.5 54750.86 51.2 375.5 426.7 mm mm^2 mm Mpa mm^2 mm mm mm

***** Loads *****


Hydro.end Force : H Joint contact Load : Hp Decreas.comp.force in gask.: DeltF Init.req'd tight.force : Fbo Min.Bolt load for Gask.seat: Wm2 > Wm2 & Fbo : W = = = = = = = = 9521661 1851459 9428690 11280149 1270052 11280149 143168 105558 N N N N N N Nm LB.FT

Req'd Torque

B0617-1, GAS CHILLER, 6-E-9550 TORQUE CALCULATIONS (Farr) Required tension in the stud : Lead of the threads (fig. 8-1) : Average mean radius from the axis of stud out to the point where the load is applied to the thread surface (fig. 8-1) Mean radius of the nut face or shoulder Cosine of 1/2 the include thread angle measured on a plane through the axis Coefficient of friction TORQUE , ELONGATION Required tension in the stud : Effective bolt length : Cross sectional area of stud at its smallest diameter Modulus of Elasticity ELONGATION, F = L = A = E = 146158 lb 16.799 in 2.652 in2 29700000 psi D = F*L/(A*E) D = 0.031173 in 0.7918 mm F = P = 146158 lb 0.125 in

R = S = d = cos d = f = T T

0.88522 in 1.3614 in 30 0.866 degree (ussually d = 30 deg.) 0.1 = F/12*(P/(2*p) + R*f/cos d + S*f)) = 3145.451 LB.FT 4266.16 N.m

Reference Number :

B0710-4-M

Calculation of Tightening Torque for sealing of Header Plugs Reference: Pressure Vessel design manual Dennis R.Moss Page 42 , Procedure 2-8 *****Design Data *****
Flange Description / Name: Design Pressure: Test Pressure : Moment : Radial Load : Friction Factor: Design Temp. : P Pt M Pr K Dt = = = = = = For Vent & Drain Plugs Header Name: Inlet, Outlet & Return Plugs: 1.75" UN12 1.0734 Mpa Mawp 1.395 Mpa 0 Nm 0 N 0.1 365 Deg.C

*****Gasket Data *****


Type : Recess Diam.: O/diam. : I/Diam. : Gasket Width : Factor : Factor : Gasket Material: Young's Mod. : Thick.Gasket : Effect.gask.width: Pressure Diam. : Contact Area of Gask drf od id N Y m Mat Eg tg b G Ag = = = = = = = = = = = = = Annular Ring 52 51 45 3 52.5 3.75 Solid Soft Iron 179263 3 2 49 308 mm mm mm mm Mpa Mpa mm mm mm mm^2

*****Plug Data *****


Plug Material selected : Thread Type : UNC / Metric Nominal Size : Ns = Quantity : n = Area Root Diam.of Thread: d = Pitch Diam.of Threads: dm = Young's Mod. : Eb = Total Area of Thread: Ab = Thick of Nut : tn = Effect.Thread Length : lb = SA350 / LF2 UN12 44.45 1 1426.65 2.12 196034 1426.65 31.75 31.75 mm mm^2 mm Mpa mm^2 mm mm 42.62 12 TPI Thread Depth

***** Loads *****


Hydro.end Force : Joint contact Load : Decreas.comp.force in gask.: Init.req'd tight.force : Min.Bolt load for Gask.seat: > Wm2 & Fbo : H Hp F Fbo Wm2 W = = = = = = = = 2024 2479 1408 3886 16163 16163 286 N N N N N N Nm

Req'd Torque

Reference Number :

B0710-9-M

Calculation of Tightening Torque for sealing of Header Plugs Reference: Pressure Vessel design manual Dennis R.Moss Page 42 , Procedure 2-8 *****Design Data *****
Flange Description / Name: Design Pressure: Test Pressure : Moment : Radial Load : Friction Factor: Design Temp. : P Pt M Pr K Dt = = = = = = For one or two piece Plugs Header Name: Inlet, Outlet & Return Plugs: 1.625" UN12 9.35 Mpa Mawp 12.155 Mpa 0 Nm 0 N 0.1 215 Deg.C

*****Gasket Data *****


Type : Recess Diam.: O/diam. : I/Diam. : Gasket Width : Factor : Factor : Gasket Material: Young's Mod. : Thick.Gasket : Effect.gask.width: Pressure Diam. : Contact Area of Gask drf od id N Y m Mat Eg tg b G Ag = = = = = = = = = = = = = Annular Ring 38.6 38 32 3 52.5 3.75 Solid Soft Iron 179263 3 3 35 330 mm mm mm mm Mpa Mpa mm mm mm mm^2

*****Plug Data *****


Plug Material selected : Thread Type : UNC / Metric Nominal Size : Ns = Quantity : n = Area Root Diam.of Thread: d = Pitch Diam.of Threads: dm = Young's Mod. : Eb = Total Area of Thread: Ab = Thick of Nut : tn = Effect.Thread Length : lb = SA350 / LF2 UN12 41.275 1 1250.36 2.12 197190 1250.36 22 22 mm mm^2 mm Mpa mm^2 mm mm 39.9 12 TPI Thread Depth

***** Loads *****


Hydro.end Force : Joint contact Load : Decreas.comp.force in gask.: Init.req'd tight.force : Min.Bolt load for Gask.seat: > Wm2 & Fbo : H Hp F Fbo Wm2 W = = = = = = = = 8996 23132 5930 29062 17318 29062 513 N N N N N N Nm

Req'd Torque

Reference Number :

B0710-1-M

Calculation of Tightening Torque for sealing of Header Plugs Reference: Pressure Vessel design manual Dennis R.Moss Page 42 , Procedure 2-8 *****Design Data *****
Flange Description / Name: Design Pressure: Test Pressure : Moment : Radial Load : Friction Factor: Design Temp. : P Pt M Pr K Dt = = = = = = For one piece Plugs Header Name: Inlet, Outlet & Return Plugs: 1.5" UN12 1.00 Mpa Mawp 1.300 Mpa 0 Nm 0 N 0.1 215 Deg.C

*****Gasket Data *****


Type : Recess Diam.: O/diam. : I/Diam. : Gasket Width : Factor : Factor : Gasket Material: Young's Mod. : Thick.Gasket : Effect.gask.width: Pressure Diam. : Contact Area of Gask drf od id N Y m Mat Eg tg b G Ag = = = = = = = = = = = = = Annular Ring 46 45 39 3 52.5 3.75 Solid Soft Iron 179263 3 3 42 396 mm mm mm mm Mpa Mpa mm mm mm mm^2

*****Plug Data *****


Plug Material selected : Thread Type : UNC / Metric Nominal Size : Ns = Quantity : n = Area Root Diam.of Thread: d = Pitch Diam.of Threads: dm = Young's Mod. : Eb = Total Area of Thread: Ab = Thick of Nut : tn = Effect.Thread Length : lb = SA350 / LF2 UN12 38.1 1 1033.20 2.12 197190 1033.20 40 40 mm mm^2 mm Mpa mm^2 mm mm 36.27 12 TPI Thread Depth

***** Loads *****


Hydro.end Force : Joint contact Load : Decreas.comp.force in gask.: Init.req'd tight.force : Min.Bolt load for Gask.seat: > Wm2 & Fbo : H Hp F Fbo Wm2 W = = = = = = = = 1385 2969 1159 4127 20782 20782 367 N N N N N N Nm

Req'd Torque

Reference Number :

B0710-4-M

Calculation of Tightening Torque for sealing of Header Plugs Reference: Pressure Vessel design manual Dennis R.Moss Page 42 , Procedure 2-8 *****Design Data *****
Flange Description / Name: Design Pressure: Test Pressure : Moment : Radial Load : Friction Factor: Design Temp. : P Pt M Pr K Dt = = = = = = For one piece Plugs Header Name: Inlet, Outlet & Return Plugs: 1.375" UN12 9.07 Mpa Mawp 11.791 Mpa 0 Nm 0 N 0.1 148.89 Deg.C

*****Gasket Data *****


Type : Recess Diam.: O/diam. : I/Diam. : Gasket Width : Factor : Factor : Gasket Material: Young's Mod. : Thick.Gasket : Effect.gask.width: Pressure Diam. : Contact Area of Gask drf od id N Y m Mat Eg tg b G Ag = = = = = = = = = = = = = Annular Ring 43 42 36 3 52.5 3.75 Solid Soft Iron 179263 3 3 39 368 mm mm mm mm Mpa Mpa mm mm mm mm^2

*****Plug Data *****


Plug Material selected : Thread Type : UNC / Metric Nominal Size : Ns = Quantity : n = Area Root Diam.of Thread: d = Pitch Diam.of Threads: dm = Young's Mod. : Eb = Total Area of Thread: Ab = Thick of Nut : tn = Effect.Thread Length : lb = SA105 UN12 34.925 1 886.69 2.12 193053 886.69 27 27 mm mm^2 mm Mpa mm^2 mm mm 33.6 12 TPI Thread Depth

***** Loads *****


Hydro.end Force : Joint contact Load : Decreas.comp.force in gask.: Init.req'd tight.force : Min.Bolt load for Gask.seat: > Wm2 & Fbo : H Hp F Fbo Wm2 W = = = = = = = = 10835 25004 8545 33548 19297 33548 593 N N N N N N Nm

Req'd Torque

Reference Number :

B0802-2-M

Calculation of Tightening Torque for sealing of Header Plugs Reference: Pressure Vessel design manual Dennis R.Moss Page 42 , Procedure 2-8 *****Design Data *****
Flange Description / Name: Design Pressure: Test Pressure : Moment : Radial Load : Friction Factor: Design Temp. : P Pt M Pr K Dt = = = = = = For one piece Plugs Header Name: Inlet, Outlet & Return Plugs: 1.375" UN12 13.79 Mpa Mawp 17.927 Mpa 0 Nm 0 N 0.1 176.67 Deg.C

*****Gasket Data *****


Type : Recess Diam.: O/diam. : I/Diam. : Gasket Width : Factor : Factor : Gasket Material: Young's Mod. : Thick.Gasket : Effect.gask.width: Pressure Diam. : Contact Area of Gask drf od id N Y m Mat Eg tg b G Ag = = = = = = = = = = = = = Annular Ring 43 42 36 3 52.5 3.75 Solid Soft Iron 179263 3 3 39 368 mm mm mm mm Mpa Mpa mm mm mm mm^2

*****Plug Data *****


Plug Material selected : Thread Type : UNC / Metric Nominal Size : Ns = Quantity : n = Area Root Diam.of Thread: d = Pitch Diam.of Threads: dm = Young's Mod. : Eb = Total Area of Thread: Ab = Thick of Nut : tn = Effect.Thread Length : lb = SA105 UN12 34.925 1 886.69 2.12 190985 886.69 30 30 mm mm^2 mm Mpa mm^2 mm mm 33.6 12 TPI Thread Depth

***** Loads *****


Hydro.end Force : Joint contact Load : Decreas.comp.force in gask.: Init.req'd tight.force : Min.Bolt load for Gask.seat: > Wm2 & Fbo : H Hp F Fbo Wm2 W = = = = = = = = 16473 38016 13272 51287 19297 51287 906 N N N N N N Nm

Req'd Torque

Reference Number :

B0744-M

Calculation of Tightening Torque for sealing of Header Plugs Reference: Pressure Vessel design manual Dennis R.Moss Page 42 , Procedure 2-8 *****Design Data *****
Flange Description / Name: Design Pressure: Test Pressure : Moment : Radial Load : Friction Factor: Design Temp. : P Pt M Pr K Dt = = = = = = For one piece Plugs Header Name: Inlet, Outlet & Return Plugs: 1.125" UN12 1.278 Mpa Mawp 1.661 Mpa 0 Nm 0 N 0.1 120 Deg.C

*****Gasket Data *****


Type : Recess Diam.: O/diam. : I/Diam. : Gasket Width : Factor : Factor : Gasket Material: Young's Mod. : Thick.Gasket : Effect.gask.width: Pressure Diam. : Contact Area of Gask drf od id N Y m Mat Eg tg b G Ag = = = = = = = = = = = = = Annular Ring 37 36 29 3.5 52.5 3.75 Solid Soft Steel 189605 1.5 3.5 32.5 357 mm mm mm mm Mpa Mpa mm mm mm mm^2

*****Plug Data *****


Plug Material selected : Thread Type : UNC / Metric Nominal Size : Ns = Quantity : n = Area Root Diam.of Thread: d = Pitch Diam.of Threads: dm = Young's Mod. : Eb = Total Area of Thread: Ab = Thick of Nut : tn = Effect.Thread Length : lb = SA479-410 UNF 28.575 1 585.35 2.12 188226 585.35 20 20 mm mm^2 mm Mpa mm^2 mm mm 27.3 12 TPI Thread Depth

***** Loads *****


Hydro.end Force : Joint contact Load : Decreas.comp.force in gask.: Init.req'd tight.force : Min.Bolt load for Gask.seat: > Wm2 & Fbo : H Hp F Fbo Wm2 W = = = = = = = = 1060 3425 944 4369 18761 18761 331 N N N N N N Nm

Req'd Torque