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Chapter 7

Theme:
Man-made Tourist Resources of the Republic of Moldova
7.1 Historic erections 7.2 Religious erections 7.3 Cultural, sports, and economic erections 7.4 Monuments, statues, commemorative plaques

the main square of the General National Meeting. a very modern green and cozy town in the center of our country. The excursion includes visiting the historical center of Chisinau. a chronicle writer Eftimie and one of the first poems of Moldova Chiprian. . Feteasca. administrative and cultural edifices on the main boulevard Stefan cel Mare. Historic erections of the Republic of Moldova O1. One of the legends of the monastery says that Stefan cel Mare was hunting deer in this forest and hit a poor thing somewhere on the spot where the monastery is now located.1 Historic erections Key Words: Wine cellars.Cabernet.II memorial. ancient settlements Learning Objectives: O1. Central Market. Deer in Moldovan is "Caprioara".the greatest king of all Moldova had in its history. Capriana Monastery : one of the oldest monasteries in Moldova located in the heart of natural reservation Codru with fantastic views from the upper platforms of the monastery.W. Sauvignon etc. The wine factory and wine collection are located in limestone tunnels and form an underground wine city with motor streets named after the popular wine brands . W. Cricova tour of the underground tunnels are performed in an electric train with a short wine tasting at the end of it. Cricova and Milestii Mici wine cellars are recognize to be the biggest underground wine cellars in Europe. Central park. The views that opened to the king's eye and may be the sadness for the ancient life killed brought him the thought of building of a monastery. Shardonait. monasteries. Some of the greatest names connected to the monastery is the king Stefan cel Mare si Sfint . Historic erections of the Republic of Moldova Chisinau is the capital of the Republic of Moldova. churches and museums of the city. market of souvenirs.7.

cafes and night clubs on the beach. local market and loads of cabins and small hotels from very basic and budget to luxury ones. It's a favorite resort for dwellers of Chisinau in summer time and many send their kids to summer camps located in the area. 5 km from the main road Chisinau-Orhei and 11 km from Orheiul Vechi settlement. beautiful valleys and green fields. fast-foods. It has a sandy beach on the river and a pretty good infrastructure for Moldova with many restaurants.Cojusna wine cellar is a smaller cellar in the close proximity of Chisinau town and Capriana monastery. . cooking Moldovan / Ukrainian meals for you and introduce you to the life in a Moldovan village. They have very friendly and hospitable English speaking guides and can organize excursions for one person only. During your stay at Katherine's you can explore the village. the tour of its wine collection and of 2 nice tasting rooms underground. It's a favorite resort for dwellers of Chisinau in summer time and many send their kids to summer camps located in the area. Ivancea village is located on the road to Orheiul Vechi settlement. It has a sandy beach on the river and a pretty good infrastructure for Moldova with many restaurants. The tour comprise the history of the winery. The village is hosting the XIXth century noble house and a big park with unique conifer trees (in process of reconstruction since 2007. A dialect of Ukrainian is still spoken by the inhabitants of this village. go fishing / swimming / sun bathing in local lakes. go hiking in the forest and beautiful fields. but private tours can be arranged). beautiful old cemetery and the local Russian orthodox church. Curchi monastery in the vicinity. local market and loads of cabins and small hotels from very basic and budget to luxury ones. explore the tourist sites of Orheiul Vechi settlement. Vadul lui Voda is a public beach on the river Nistru at about 20 minutes from Chisinau. fast-foods. cafes and night clubs on the beach. The village is populated by Ukrainians that were settled here from the Middle Ages. It is located in the heart of Codru forest reservation surrounded by 7 lakes. Vadul lui Voda is a public beach on the river Nistru at about 20 minutes from Chisinau. Here in Ivancea the local Ukrainian woman Katherine runs a small guesthouse at her farm and will host individuals or small groups in her house. It is located in the village Cojusna in Straseni district. Orhei town.

which was established here in the XVth . The monastic structure of Tipova is situated near the village of Tipova and is hewn in a rock of about 100 m height. In the Middle Ages.XVIth centuries. panoramic view of the Dniestr river and many of its waterfalls. Way of transportation : bus connections from Chisinau are very inconvenient as they leave to Tipova in the afternoon and there is none to .XVIIth centuries. two medieval towns were set up here. Mary. An old legend says that a local monk has seen the shinning figure of St. is opened up to the traveler from the cliff-tops. which runs down 30 cascades and waterfalls. An orthodox cave monastery dated from XII century is still working nowadays and the English speaking monk will tell you some of its history. Spring and Autumn after the rains. One of the legends of the monastery tells that the king of Moldova Stefan cel Mare got married to one of his wife Maria Voichita in this monastery and the last was burred in the monastery after her death. a caravanseraglio and three bath houses. Built in the XVIth .Orheiul Vechi is an ancient settlement situated on the left bank of the Raut river near the villages of Trebujeni and Butuceni in Orhei district (about 50 km northeast of Chisinau). Tipova is famous for charming nature and the largest cave monasteries in Moldova and In Eastern Europe. Other vestiges discovered on the territory of the settlement : a mosque. Saharna monastery complex is situated in one of the most picturesque gorges on the western bank of the Dniestr river 8 km away from Rezina town. Saharna waterfalls are considered to be the Moldovan Niagara Falls and are most impressive in Winter. One of the high cliffs bears a footprint that is believed to belong to St. A truly divine panoramic view of the numerous rocky hills and the forests around the small 16-km river. the second one is the ancient Moldovan town of Orhei. two mausoleum. Tipova attracts visitors by its nature. Down in Butuceni village is a small peasant house preserved from the XXth century and transformed into a museum. Mary on top of the rock and when he reached that spot he discovered the footprint left by the saint. A walk along the narrow street of Butuceni village will let you to discover the hidden pearls of Moldovan rural architecture and design. the cave monastery is a complex architectural ensemble consisting of numerous premises made in three levels. The first one Sehr-al-cedid (New Town) occupied almost the whole territory of the settlement (268 ha) belongs to the Golden Horde (XIVth century).

Consider renting a car or go on an organized tour to Tipova from Chisinau. Tiraspol has a lively night life with its newly opened modern restaurants. Cognacs factory KVINT is a well-known establishment in the country and abroad producing fine cognacs and spirits. It's an old town. Part of it serves as a base for the Transdniestrian army nowadays and part is opened for public for the tours (an advance booking is required to attend the tour). It's mainly inhabited by Gagauzi people who are . streets named after communist leaders or events. Tiraspol town is the capital of Pridnestrovie (also known as Transdniestr or Transnistria or PMR) and the second largest town after Chisinau. Bender is the second largest town in Transdniestr. PMR is known by foreign travelers as the museum in the open-air of Communism and Soviet Union. PMR is self-proclaimed republic on the eastern bank of river Dniestr (Nistru) that is not recognized by the world community. During the Civil War in 1991-1992 Bender town and its citizens has suffered the most. The town is well known among our Swedish guests because of their king Carol who in the XVIII century stayed for 4 years here as a guests of Ottomans after being defeated in Poltava battle by Peter the Great. being even older than Chisinau and had a big historical significance in the middle age. clothes.There is a Medieval fortress in the center of the town build by Ottomans (by some historical documents) or Stefan cel Mare (by other historical documents) that served as a military base for Ottomans during the Russian-Turkish wars they led in the XVIII-XIX century. very clean and friendly with monuments of Lenin on the main street. The town is situated on the river Dniestr and has 2 very big and looked-after public beaches with nice parks and walking alleys along the river. Local market is a huge indoor/outdoor market selling everything here : food. flee market. Tours can be organized if booked in advance. but has been independent of Moldova for more than 15 years. night clubs and discos. household. with many Soviet relics on the main streets of its industrial towns and also for being a state that does not exist. Gagauzia (also known as Gagauz-Yeri) is an autonomous republic within the republic of Moldova. The War Memorial in the center and the Administration building with bullet holes in it keeps the memory of those bloody days.take you back to Chisinau in the evening. Golden Lion that is the symbol of Carol is still present on the flag of the town. but being situated on the western bank of river Dniestr closer to Moldova. Tiraspol is a cozy green town.

The capital of Gagauzia is Comrat town which is a very odd provincial town with no much tourist attractions in it. forests. Get a minibus to Besalma village with its Museum of Gagauz people their origin.descendants of Turkic Oghuz tribe and speak their own language very similar to Turkish one. history and traditions and culture. monasteries. and so on. Gagauz Culture House with a statue of Lenin in front of it and Gagauz University (Komrat Devlet Üniversitesi). . Walk on the main street of prospect Lenina pass the regional baskani (assembly). Conclusion: There are many beautiful places to be visited while travelling to the Republic of Moldova. Russian is the second largely spoken language in Gagauzia. including churches.

one day a monk saw the shining figure of St. The Capriana Monastery was initially built of wood. Situated about 110 km north of the Moldovan capital. pseudo-tourist period Learning Objectives: O1. It was much later.dates back to the early 1420s. According to one of the local legends.some modifications were introduced to suit the new tastes.Capriana . Religious erections of Moldova "A church is a church. Religious erections of Moldova O1.7. you have seen them all. In the Soviet times the Capriana Monastery was closed for visitors and only in the year 1989 it resumed its activity. the oldest Moldovan monastery . the Middle Ages.2 Religious erections Key Words: The Renaissance period. in 1545. that the Church of St. Located in one of the most picturesque places of the Codry. there are still a lot of people who are eager to see an ancient church either for purely aesthetic reasons or motivated by the desire to look deep into the past in order to be spiritually inspired by the cultural achievement of the past ages. and since the Church continued to be used for worship .and had not become just a relic of the past to be revered in its original form . Times change. the Holy Trinity Monastery of Saharna is considered to be one of the biggest centers for religious pilgrimages in Moldova. Maria on top of one of the highest . pilgrimage. you have seen one. We should not condemn this particular tourist for his cultural indifference and lack of interest in the historical and cultural heritage of a nation that he was totally alien to." said a weary tourist after an exhausting sightseeing tour at which half a dozen of ancient and not so ancient churches had been visited. In this issue we will talk about Moldovan churches and monasteries which represent the most valuable spiritual treasure of the republic and remind of the country's rich historical background. and architectural and aesthetic tastes change with them. Gheorghe was erected in stone on the territory of the monastery. But as there are "tourists and tourists".

In the Soviet times it was closed for visitors. When you walk inside. Today the beauty of the convent and of the place itself where it sits attract a lot of people who come to enjoy the sight. a number of wooden churches with small dark cells were constructed. Its interior walls are richly adorned with frescoes and mosaics. Later the wooden church was replaced by a brick one built in an old Moldovan style and richly adorned with frescoes. In the middle of the 19th century the monastery was surrounded by a wonderful park with lakes. When the monk reached the rock he discovered a footstep left by St. the Moldovan ruler erected a convent for his daughter who decided to leave the ordinary world and live a religious life in a community. The first religious community emerged there in 1740. Later. The event was considered to be enough evidence for the holy purity of the place. you cannot help being impressed by the lavishness and at the same time graceful beauty of the interior decorations. . It has its own unique mood. and "books with stone pages". which it gives to anyone who cares to catch it. In 1678. Maria on the ground. Near that place a wooden church was built and the Holy Trinity Monastery was founded in 1777. The Hirjeuca Monastery is situated about 70 km north-west of the Moldovan capital city. In the 19th century it was damaged by a fire and a lot of restoration work was done to preserve its original exterior. the religious services resumed in the Hirjeuca Monastery and it once again acquired its proper status. The architectural ornamentation has once been called "music frozen in stone". It was in the 18th century that the Uspensky Church was built in the southern part of the present-day Moldova. In the late 17th century the wooden church of St. in such turbulent years the convent and its surroundings were desolate. Once you have caught it after going around it and exploring it inside you begin to realize that a hundred years of Moldova is beside you as you gaze at the church. in the Moldovan Codry Mihail Hincu. "stone chronicles". The Uspensky Church produces a majestic impression upon the viewer. That is why. Unfortunately the frescoes are in a very poor state of preservation.rocks. In 1993. She became a nun under the name of Parascheva. and a sanatorium functioned on its territory. Parascheva and its cells were frequently invaded by the Tartars. Art historians are of the opinion that the frescoes were executed by local artists who evidently had some knowledge of the religious art. fountains and alleys.

Conclusion: All the churches and monasteries mentioned above are a true architectural marvel. .All the churches and monasteries mentioned above are a true architectural marvel. and one has to see them all with one's own eyes. and one has to see them all with one's own eyes.

Sciusev (the head architect who designed the city’s reconstruction plan in the mid ‘40s). economic erections Learning Objectives: O1. The Museum of Archeology and Ethnography and the Museum of Ethnography and Nature. the Triumphal Arch. churches.3 Cultural. Cultural. whose history is still visible in places like Yeshiva (Jewish school). Chisinau was under siege. built in Orthodox or Byzantine style: Mazarakierskaya Church (oldest church in Chisinau). Nonetheless. also known as the Sacred Gate or the Arch of Glory. Throughout its almost 6 centuries of existence. The Museum of Romanian Literature ‘Mihail Kogalniceanu’. sports erections. The National Museum of History of Moldova. An important aspect in Chisinau’s architecture is represented by its churches. Besides the many museums. The 1903 Memorial was built as a reminder of the 1903 Jewish pogrom. sports and economic erections O1. Chisinau is home to two memorial houses: the memorial estate of Russian poet A.S. Chisinau Sights – Historic Landmarks Many important edifices in Chisinau are concentrated along the Stefan cel Mare Boulevard or around the city’s main square. the Synagogue or the Jewish Cemetery. There was a well-represented Jewish community between 19th and early 20th century in Chisinau. Saint Pantelimon . Museums include: The National Museum of Fine Arts of Moldova. flooded. was built in 1940 in a Corinthian style. the history of Moldova and its rich culture is still visible along Chisinau’s boulevards: there are plenty of museums. sports and economic erections Key Words: Cultural erections. Chisinau Sights – Cultural Attractions One of the most popular among Chisinau sights. memorials. sports and economic erections of the RM The capital of Republic of Moldova. burnt down and bombarded to an extent that there are almost no traces of medieval Chisinau. Cultural.7. Pushkin and the memorial estate of A. Chisinau is a city with a long and tormented history. administrative and cultural institutions to visit.

with no esthetic value). Chisinau is a capital of performance arts: Chisinau’s sights include no more than nine theatres. Gidigich. Valea Trandafirlor and La Izvor. with specifics varying from puppet to comedy. the alley is framed by the statues of famous Romanian and Moldavian writers. Like other cities. You have to see all the monasteries. Right in the center lays Stefan cel Mare Park. named after the Moldavian king from the 15th century. Chisinau Sights – Parks and Gardens Even if most of Chisinau’s buildings were designed according to Stalinist principles of utility (gigantic and functional. A pleasant way to mix culture with leisure is to stroll down the Classics Alley in the Stefan cel Mare Park: apart from being a popular rendezvous place. The list of parks continues with Alunelul Park. Bucharest and Kiev. The Valea Morilor Park is mostly appreciated for its lake: people come here in summer to enjoy water sports or just take sun baths along the shores. the city’s aspect is very much improved due to the numerous parks. some Russian. some Romanian. churces.Church and the Christmas Cathedral. Ryshkani. Conclusion: Visiting Moldova has a lot of charm and advantages such as seeing many beautiful places and sightseeings that you are surely going to enjoy. all economic. sports and cultural edifices to understand the traditions and history of Moldova .

Since all these types of monuments are divided into separate categories. statues. which represent historic value. Edifices.7. Steles 4. XIX and XXth centuries) is the most impressing one from the numerical perspective. memorial houses. memorial estates and historic quarters 2. memorial estate and historic . archeological monuments. Monuments and statues Historic monuments represent the vastest category of monuments on the territory of the Republic of Moldova. Although in the Republic of Moldova there are no any plaques dating from the antique epochs. Commemorative plaques O1. commemorative plaques Learning Objectives: O1. Funerary edifices and commemorative signs from the graves of prominent personalities One of the richest categories proved to be the one dedicated to commemorative plaques. commemorative plaques Key Words: Monuments. religious architecture. In its widest sense.4 Monuments. fortified architecture. The category "Edifices with historic value. including houses. civil architecture or vestiges of painting and monumental sculpture may be considered as "monuments of historic value" or "monuments with historic traits". the patrimony accumulated along the Middle Ages (XVIII. Hence. Obelisks 5. Memorial or commemorative plaques or signs 3. dwellings. memorial houses. statues. the notion of "historic monument" may be attributed to almost each of the monuments situated on the territory of a corresponding country. the following types of the monuments were included in the category of historic monuments: 1. Monuments and statues O2.

The categories "Steles" and "Obelisks" are quite close in terms of their destination. the corresponding object was included into the category of "Monumental sculpture" (statue. categorization was carried out according to the following criteria: in the event that a work of art.) In other cases. Antique memorial plaques have been preserved on the territory of the Republic of Moldova. . "historic monuments" of the Republic of Moldova are linked to historic events of the country. to the commemoration of anniversaries of certain localities. may be considered a work of art of the greatest patrimonial artistic value. The oldest lapidary inscriptions. The category "Funerary edifices" has many points in common with various areas of monumental sculpture. scientific and cultural life. founded by the rulers or Boyars. the object was included into the category "Funerary Edifices". included memorial plaques with inscriptions graved into stone. preserved until today on the territory of the Republic of Moldova. O2. During the Middle Ages the greatest part of dwellings. Ismail and Chilia (Ukraine) and Soroca Fortress. results of technological progress. etc. this territory belongs to Ukraine). materialized in objects of material culture. executed on the grave of a prominent personality. Even more vestiges are dating from the Middle Ages. bust. frequently having symbolic connotations. seem to be the medieval and antique inscriptions in the White Fortress (currently. Vestiges of the oldest edifices either were included into the category of "Archeological monuments" or "Fortified Architecture". Capriana Monastery. except for the ones located in the villages Corotnoe and Cioburcin. only in the form of certain insignificant fragments of gravestones with lapidary inscriptions. relief. or inscriptions from the medieval Orhei and texts graved into stone in Bosie cell. Therefore. In this case. which date back to the XIX-XXth centuries. as well as medieval vestiges in Orhei Vechi (either inscriptions in Arabic language from Sahr-al-Djeadid. Commemorative plaques The tradition of unveiling of memorial plaques takes its roots in the hoary past. In terms of the subject-matter. and in particular in the case that a special attention was drawn to the value of the work or life of the deceased man. to the prominent personalities of political. documentarily attested. the separation was carried out in conformity with rigors of architectural typology of each monument in part.quarters" comprises a part of houses.

which were not usually graved into rock. in Chisinau. The period following the World War II is characterized by the onset of inauguration of memorial plaques dedicated to the Heroes of Russian Revolution. Historic events of the neighboring Romania were left out because of political and ideological reasons. and in particular. events inspired from the history of Russian-Turkish Wars. inscriptions with "autographs" of founders of Soroca Fortress and votive texts in the Bosie cell or other rupestral cells are graved directly into the stone or walls thickness. as well as the ones on the funerary plaque of the grave of Archimandrite Chiril in the same monastery (after 1821). Heroes Fallen during the World War II. A memorial plaque. represent an incontestable historic value. Generally speaking. graved into stone and dedicated to Toma Cosma founder of the church (1822) . the number of commemorative plaques has increased in the exponential manner. as well as to the Militants of Illegal Movements in the Interwar Basarabia. Thus. Iskrov (1887) was found in the St. There are cases. in the 50's there has been unveiled a memorial plaque on the edifice. Civil War. it should be noted that in the second half of the XVIIIth and XIXth centuries there have been found a lot of founders' inscriptions in the monasteries and churches of Basarabia. Fourteen years later (1777) a votive inscription in Slavic language is graved into marble in the Rudi Monastery. includes very important data related to the stages of construction and composition of painters' team. just like icons. Even older are the votive inscriptions of Vasile Lupu at Saint Dumitru Church in Orhei and Saint Nicholas Church in Chilia.has been preserved at St. in the second half of the XXth century. Nicholas Church under the Dobrusa Monastery and a text graved into marble and dedicated to the founder of the church . where in 1901- . Memorial inscriptions on the grave of the Bishop Gavriil Banulescu-Bodoni in Capriana Monastery. Nicholas Church under Tiganesti Monastery. Bulgarian revolutionaries and fighters for the independence of Bulgaria from the Ottoman yoke.Hristofor C. It is located in the porch of the Saint Trinity Church under the aforementioned monastery. Hence. spelled in Greek language on the Assumption of the Virgin Church in Causeni (1763). on timber plaques (case of a diptych in the Capriana Monastery). They are dating from the first half of the XVIIth century. but painted on dwelling walls or were spelled. Exterior lapidary writing. In the XXth century.Not always such inscriptions had the form of certain stone plaques incorporated in edifice walls. when role of a memorial plaque (especially in churches) was attributed to diptychs.

scientists. It is for the first time.Grigore Adam.1902 the printing-house of the illegal Leninist newspaper "Iskra" was located.Alexander Puskin. T. Alexei Mateevici. native writers . Moldovan writers fallen in the World War II . Grosul. In the 50-60's of the XXth century very few memorial plaques were dedicated to men of culture.Iachim S. They were also honored by the inauguration of memorial plaques in the houses they used to live in (this is the case of the prose writer. Conclusion: Ultimately. . worthy of commemoration. politicians. Leo Tolstoy and Maxim Gorky. composers . athlete Ivan Zaikin. Robot. politicians. poet Liviu Deleanu. are still on the waiting list. etc. Constantin Stere). it should be stated that the assessment of value of a personality in history and confirmation of this value by the inauguration of plaques or memorial signs is the most politicized and tributary area for the options and tastes of the ruling classes on various levels. Unfortunately. installed either on their houses or premises of institutions. were honored by unveiling of memorial plaques. scientists. has considerably increased. mayors. The period that followed 1985 and lasted until the last decade of the XXth century was characterized by a radical change in the assessment of events and personalities in the history of the Republic of Moldova. Mospan. Nencev and S. sculptor . Spinei).Stefan Neaga.Alexandru Plamadeala. Due to this reason. who used to live in the Interwar period. whose works were prohibited during the Soviet regime. Some writers. artists. located on Stefan cel Mare Boulevard. were brought back to the circuit of national values. whereas on the facade of the administrative bloc. not always the public opinion or opinion of men of science and art is taken into consideration by the decision factors. many of the personalities. where they used to work in Chisinau. classics of Russian literature . when several memorial plaques were unveiled in the honor of mayors of Chisinau during the Tsarist and Interwar periods (plaques dedicated to Carol Schmidt and Gherman Pantea). painters. artists. a memorial plaque dedicated to Bulgarian Volunteers was unveiled in 1977 (sculptor M. etc. The number of memorial plaques dedicated to national writers. Only architects Alexei Sciusev and Robert Curt. poets.A. architects. Alexei Starcea and Eugen Coca. Doctor Toma Ciorba and first Chairman of the Academy of Science of the Republic of Moldova .

3... 1999. 3. 310 p. Chişinău.. Patrimoniul cultural al Republicii Moldova. Bucureşti.-F. Ed. 1999 (en français). Ed. Stăncioiu A.Bibliography 1. Bucureşti. Ed.. Ghid practic de turism internaţional şi intern. Arc/Museum. 2. Ciobanu C. Stăvilă T.. 248 p. Economică. Diaconescu T. 272 p. ALL. Dicţionar de terminologie turistică. 1999. . I. Draica C.

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