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Review: Angolan Colonial History Author(s): Michael A. Samuels Source: African Studies Review, Vol. 13, No. 3 (Dec.

, 1970), pp. 493-494 Published by: African Studies Association Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/523502 . Accessed: 24/05/2011 07:06
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BOOKREVIEWS

493

makes this clear, as does J. S. La Fontaine on the Gisu. Before history East Africans may have been conscious of differences, European occupation, but only the creation of states provided the arenas in which struggles for of which tribal ones are the natural power could create the constituencies outcome. Gulliver use of tribe. bravely faces the notional Incidentally, He rejects substitutes devised by oversensitive for him "nation," outsiders; And using the word "tribe" "ethnic group," and so forth are misnomers. need not, he hopes, be pejorative. His stance in this regard is defensive, but pragmatically so. Most parts of the collection are best passed over silently. However, David Parkins' in Kampala is important, as is politics study of tribal on the Arusha and Masai, Ioan M. Lewis on the Somali, and R. D. Gulliver Grilo's of tribalism in a trade union. There is also an essay examination and polemical. by the late Tom Mboya, but it is tangential Robert I. Rotberg Institute of Technology Cambridge, Massachusetts

Massachusetts

ANGOLAN COLONIAL HISTORY

Vol. I, 1783-1883. With annotations Angolana (Documentacao sobre Angola). Luanda: Instituto de Investigacao by Mario Ant6nio Fernandes de Oliveira. Cientifica de Angola and Lisbon; Centro de Estudos Historicos Ultramarinos, Price unknown. 1968. Pp. XLVIII, 848, index. This large book will be of great assistance to scholars interested in reconstructing colonial Angolan and Portuguese history from the end of the eighteenth Two Portuguese research through the nineteenth century. institutions have cooperated through the strong support of the well-known Ant6nio da Silva Rego. to publish Portuguese historian, copies of many of the documents presently available in the Arquivo Hist6rico Ultramarino in Lisbon. (AHU, Overseas Historical Archives) Many of the documents have great historical presented Their appearance in a printed importance. and by the side of any historian form to be kept in libraries dealing with same of the difficulties Angola now obviates of gaining direct access to these documents in Lisbon. Angolana has thirty-nine pages covering the period 1783 to 1792 and twenty-nine pages dealing with the south of Angola from 1854 to 1855; the rest of the book is concerned with the period between 1874 and 1883. The most comprehensive document is Governor General Ferreira do Amaral's 113page report of 1883.

494

AFRICAN STUDIES REVIEW

The book is organized vaguely along chronological although lines, actual divisions are made by topics or specific events such as Portuguese missions in the north of Angola, incidents with the Dembo Caboco, and the situation in the district of Mocamedes. Full texts of documents cover such issues as the expansion of both Catholic and Protestant missions, interactions with various African potentates, difficulties in Portuguese and pacification, the need for military in various expansion operations and certain other items concerned with the state of affairs locales, in Numerous documents are summarized rather than being reproduced in Angola. full. From experience in the AHU, this reviewer knows that many of the documents are perfunctory original enough to deserve no more than a summary at this time. do have historical merit. Interested Others, however, scholars should not take this work as definitive, but should use it to spur their own search for information in the archives of Portugal and Angola. Although other works of documents have been produced from Portuguese this volume has a unique feature. archives, Among the group of people working on these documents was Mario Ant6nio Fernandes de Oliveira, who as anyone toprobably knows as much about this period of Angolan history He has provided very useful and perceptive annotations to accompany day. These annotations include biography as well as many of the documents. In many cases, these analyses are useful for the historical analysis. grist mill of analysis. the advantage of Anyone who has worked in the AHU in Lisbon realizes having a book like this with an index which provides same kind of feel for the materials prior to examining them systematically. one knows Likewise, the sporadic and uneven nature of the documents presently found in the boxes open to readers in the archives. The researcher always harbors in the back of his mind the feeling that other documents exist, but for same reason or another are not included with the ones which he has been given. That same feeling might arise with this volume; not all letters from the to the Overseas Ministry Angolan governor-general in Lisbon are included. One occasionally fears that an important letter may have been left out, as well as lost. can never be satisfied, Yet, although this uneasiness the documents printed in full do provide a good, if not thorough, cross section of the Angolan realities of the period as seen by Portuguese colonial officers. This volume is expected to be the first of a series of documents stored in the AHU. The next volume will cover the period during presently the Berlin Conference of 1884-1885. It is to be hoped that more publications such as this one become available. Now that the Angolan Archives in Luanda are being organized, it appears as if a trained archivist will soon take charge of them. A more complete record of documentation exists here than in the AHU. It is to be hoped that the two sponsors of the present volume see fit to support the publication the microfilming or, even better, of the rich documentation now being organized in Luanda. Michael A. Samuels and International Studies Georgetown University D.C. Washington,

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