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yamashiro (cry249) Ch1-HW1 haley (56990) This print-out should have 25 questions.

ns. Multiple-choice questions may continue on the next column or page nd all choices before answering. 001 (part 1 of 7) 2.0 points A proton is located at: 3 1010 m, 4 1010 m, 7 1010 m . Find r , the location of the proton from the origin where r = rx , ry , rz . What is rx in meters? Your answer must be within 5.0% Correct answer: 3 1010 m. where: Your answer must be within 5.0% Correct answer: 8.60233 1010 m. Explanation: The magnitude of r is found by: |r | =
2 + r2 + r2 rx y z

rx = 3 1010 m

ry = 4 1010 m rz = 7 1010 m

therefore: |r| = 8.60233 1010 m 005 (part 5 of 7) 1.0 points What is rx , the x component of the unit vector in the direction of r ? Your answer must be within 5.0% Correct answer: 0.348743. Explanation: The unit vector has the form: r= r . |r |

Explanation: The position of the proton is the vector from the origin to the location of the proton. In this case: 3 1010 m, 4 1010 m, 7 1010 m 002 (part 2 of 7) 2.0 points What is ry in meters? Your answer must be within 5.0% Correct answer: 4 1010 m.

Explanation: The position of the proton is the vector from the origin to the location of the proton. In this case: 3 1010 m, 4 1010 m, 7 1010 m

This means that the x component of the unit vector is: rx = = rx |r |

003 (part 3 of 7) 2.0 points What is rz in meters? Your answer must be within 5.0% Correct answer: 7 1010 m.

3 1010 m 8.60233 1010 m = 0.348743

Explanation: The position of the proton is the vector from the origin to the location of the proton. In this case: 3 1010 m, 4 1010 m, 7 1010 m

006 (part 6 of 7) 1.0 points What is ry , the y component of the unit vector in the direction of r ? Your answer must be within 5.0% Correct answer: 0.464991. Explanation: The unit vector has the form: r= r . |r |

004 (part 4 of 7) 1.0 points What is |r | in meters?

yamashiro (cry249) Ch1-HW1 haley (56990) This means that the y component of the unit vector is: ry ry = |r | 4 1010 m = 8.60233 1010 m = 0.464991 007 (part 7 of 7) 1.0 points What is rz , the z component of the unit vector in the direction of r ? Your answer must be within 5.0% Correct answer: 0.813733. Explanation: The unit vector has the form: r= r . |r |

Explanation: This is a vector subtraction problem. To nd R, we subtract S P by respective components: Sx Px = 7 1010 (3 1010 ) = 1 1011 Sy Py = 6 1010 (7 1010 ) = 1.3 1011 Sz Pz = 4 1010 (3 1010 ) = 7 1010 So

R=SP

= 1 1011 , 1.3 1011 , 7 1010 .

This means that the z component of the unit vector is: rz rz = |r | 7 1010 m = 8.60233 1010 m = 0.813733 008 (part 1 of 5) 2.0 points A planet is located at P = 3 1010 , 7 1010 , 3 1010 . A star is located at S = 7 1010 , 6 1010 , 4 1010 . What is R, the vector pointing from the planet to the star? 1. R = correct 1 1011 , 1.3 1011 , 7 1010
10 11 10

009 (part 2 of 5) 2.0 points What is R ? Correct answer: 1.78326 1011 . Explanation: To nd R , we use the Pythagorean theorem.

R =

(1 1011 )2 + (1.3 1011 )2 + (7 1010 )2 = 3.18 1022

= 1.78326 1011 . 010 (part 3 of 5) 2.0 points For the remaining three parts of this problem, , the unit you will nd the components of R vector in the direction of R. Begin by nding x. R Correct answer: 0.560772.

2. R = 7 10 , 1 10 , 4 10

3. R = 7 1010 , 1.1 1011 , 7 1010 4. R = 3 1010 , 1.3 1011 , 7 1010 5. R = 9 1010 , 1.5 1011 , 4 1010

Explanation: We simply divide Rx by the magnitude: rx 1 1011 Rx = = 0.560772. = 1.78326 1011 R

yamashiro (cry249) Ch1-HW1 haley (56990) What is ry ? 011 (part 4 of 5) 2.0 points Find Ry . Correct answer: 0.729004. Correct answer: 0 m.

Explanation: By denition, the of a change of position is: In order to solve this, we have to subtract the nal position from the initial position, one component at a time. This means that: r y = r y 2 r y 1 = (0 m) (0 m) = 0m 015 (part 3 of 3) 3.0 points What is rz ? Correct answer: 7 m. r = r f r i .

Explanation: We divide Ry by the magnitude:


11 y = Ry = 1.3 10 R = 0.729004. 1.78326 1011 R

012 (part 5 of 5) 2.0 points Find Rz . Correct answer: 0.392541. Explanation: We divide Rz by the magnitude: 7 1010 Rz Rz = = = 0.392541. 1.78326 1011 R 013 (part 1 of 3) 4.0 points A snail is intially at location r1 = 6 m, 0 m, 2 m . At a later timethe snail has crawled to location r2 = 1 m, 0 m, 9 m . Find r = rx , ry , rz , the change in the snails position. What is rx ? Correct answer: 5 m.

Explanation: By denition, the of a change of position is: r = r f r i .

In order to solve this, we have to subtract the nal position from the initial position, one component at a time. This means that: r z = r z 2 r z 1 = (9 m) (2 m) = 7 m 016 (part 1 of 6) 2.0 points In the following gure, three vectors are represented by arrows in the xy plane. Each square in the grid represents one meter. Determine the components of each vector (an accuracy of 0.5 m is ne), and then calculate the magnitude of the vector.

Explanation: By denition, the of a change of position is: r = r f r i .

In order to solve this, we have to subtract the nal position from the initial position, one component at a time. This means that: r x = r x 2 r x 1 = (1 m) (6 m) = 5 m

A B C

014 (part 2 of 3) 3.0 points

yamashiro (cry249) Ch1-HW1 haley (56990) Which choice best represents the components of A = Ax , Ay , Az ? 1. +6 m, 1.5 m, 0 m 2. 6 m, 1.5 m, 0 m 3. 6 m, +1.5 m, 0 m correct 4. 5.5 m, +1 m, 0 m 5. +5.5 m, +1.5 m, 0 m Explanation: To nd the components of A, we just count the units by which A stretches in the x and y directions, letting the direction determine the sign. A stretches 6 units along the x-direction, and the direction is to the left. Since the units are meters, we know that Ax = 6 m. Similarly for the y direction, A stretches 1.5 units upward, meaning Ay = +1.5 m. Since the vector lies in the xy plane, the third component Az = 0. 017 (part 2 of 6) 2.0 points What is A ? Give your answer in units of meters. Correct answer: 6.18466 m. Explanation: We use the Pythagorean theorem: A = =
2 2 A2 x + Ay + Az

3. +3.5 m, 4 m, 0 m 4. 3 m, 4 m, 0 m Explanation: B stretches 3 units along the positive xdirection, so Bx = +3 m. B stretches 4.5 units downward, meaning By = 4.5 m. Since the vector lies in the xy plane, the third component Bz = 0. 019 (part 4 of 6) 2.0 points What is B ? Give your answer in units of meters. Correct answer: 5.40833 m. Explanation: The procedure is the same as for part 2: B = =
2 + B2 + B2 Bx y z

5. +3.5 m, 4.5 m, 0 m

(+3 m)2 + (4.5 m)2 + (0 m)2 = 29.25 m2 = 5.40833 m.

020 (part 5 of 6) 1.0 points Which choice best represents the components of C = Cx , Cy , Cz ? 1. 2.5 m, +1.5 m, 0 m 2. +2 m, +1.5 m, 0 m 3. +2.5 m, +1 m, 0 m 4. +2.5 m, +1.5 m, 0 m correct 5. +2.5 m, 1.5 m, 0 m

(6 m)2 + (+1.5 m)2 + (0 m)2 = 38.25 m2 = 6.18466 m.

018 (part 3 of 6) 2.0 points Which choice best represents the components of B = Bx , By , Bz ? 1. 3 m, +4.5 m, 0 m 2. +3 m, 4.5 m, 0 m correct

Explanation: C stretches 2.5 units along the positive xdirection, so Cx = +2.5 m. C stretches 1.5 units upward, meaning Cy = +1.5 m. Since the vector lies in the xy plane, the third component Cz = 0.

yamashiro (cry249) Ch1-HW1 haley (56990) 021 (part 6 of 6) 1.0 points What is C ? Give your answer in units of meters. Correct answer: 2.91548 m. Explanation: We use the Pythagorean theorem: C = =
2 + C2 + C2 Cx y z

2. D = 3, 3. D = 3, 4. D = 2,

D = 30 D = 45 D = 45

5. D = 3, D = 60 6. D = 2 2, D = 45 correct 7. D = 4, 8. D = 4, 9. D = 2, 10. D = 4, D = 30 D = 45 D = 60 D = 60

(+2.5 m)2 + (+1.5 m)2 + (0 m)2 = 8 . 5 m2 = 2.91548 m.

022 10.0 points Which of the following are vectors? List all that apply, separated by commas. A B C D E F 5. 5 0 0. 7, 0. 7, 0. 6 0, 2.3, 1

Explanation: Adding component by we have component, D = 2 i + 2 j, so D = 4 + 4 = 2 2 and the Dy polar angle is D = arctan = 45 . Dx 024 (part 1 of 2) 5.0 points A particle undergoes two displacements. The rst has a magnitude of 178 cm and makes an angle of 111 with the positive x axis. The resultant displacement has a magnitude of 168 cm and is directed at an angle of 31.4 to the positive x axis. Find the magnitude of the second displacement. Correct answer: 221.611 cm. Explanation: Let : R1 = 178 cm R = 168 cm at at 1 = 111 and = 31.4 .

1 106 4 14, 0, 22

Correct answer: C, D, F. Explanation: Options A, B, and E are scalar quantities, so those choices are incorrect. Options C and D are clearly vectors, so they are correct choices. The only option that might be somewhat tricky is F, which gives a vector being multiplied by a scalar. But the product of such scalar multiplication is a new vector, so this choice is also correct. 023 10.0 points Let D = A + B + C where A = i, B = i + j, and C = j. Find the magnitude of D = A + B + C and the polar angle D . 1. D = 2 2, D = 60

r1

r2

R = R1 + R2 R2 = R R1 ,

so

yamashiro (cry249) Ch1-HW1 haley (56990) R2x = (168 cm) cos 31.4 (178 cm) cos 111 = 207.186 cm , and R2y = (168 cm) sin 31.4 (178 cm) sin 111 = 78.6477 cm , and the magnitude is | R2 | = =
2 + R2 R2 x 2y

(207.186 cm)2 + (78.6477 cm)2

= 221.611 cm . 025 (part 2 of 2) 5.0 points What is the direction of the second displacement (with positive measured counterclockwise from the x axis, and between the limits of 180 and +180 )? Correct answer: 20.7867 . Explanation:

tan =

s2y s2x s2y s2x 78.6477 cm 207.186 cm

= arctan = arctan

= 20.7867 .