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PROJECT : CLIENT : JOB NO.

DATE :

PAGE : DESIGN BY : REVIEW BY :

Concrete Beam Design Based on ACI 318-05


INPUT DATA f 'c Main Bar fy Stirrup fy Top bars Bot bars Stirrup size No. of legs 2 5 = = = # # ==> = # 5 60 60 5 11 4 2 @ ksi ksi ksi Mu = Vu = Tu = b= h= bw = 1316 131.6 24 24 48 16 ft-k k ft-k in, (ACI, 8.10.2) in in in in The design is adequate.

hf = 16 5 in o.c. d (optional) =

DESIGN SUMMARY 1 Main bar top (Compressive Reinf.) : Main bar bottom (Tensile Reinf.) : GOVERNING CASE ANALYSIS

Use 2 # 5 Use 5 # 11 ( 1 layer )

Stirrups : Use # 4 @ 5 in. o.c. (2 legs) Skin Reinf. Required in Each Face

eu
d

= = =

0.003 45.3 2.3 in in

b1
f

= = =

0.80 0.90 0.0035

r max
ES

= =

0.0243 29000 0.0108 ksi

d'

r min

AS

r w = As = b wd

Case 1

Case 2

Case 3

Case 4

CASE 1 APPLICABLE
FLEXURAL ANALYSIS Case 1 Analysis :

2 a =--= d d

2M u 0.85f b f C '

3.97

in

0.85ab f C ' A S == fy

6.75

in2

Case 2 Analysis :
2 a =-----= d d

2 M u 0.85f f C ' b w

(b

d b w ) h f

hf 2

in

0.85 f C ' ( ab w +bh f b wh f ) AS == fy

in2

Case 3 Analysis :

ed = a= u e u + 0.004
A S =+= AS ' f S' fy 0.85 f C ' ba fy

in

f 0.85 f C ' ba d M u - AS ' == f f S ' ( d - d ')


in2

a 2

in2

f S ' == E Se u
a 2

a - b 1d ' a

ksi

Case 4 Analysis :

e ud = a= e u + 0.004
A S =+= AS ' f S' fy 0.85 f C ' ( b -+ bw) h f fy

in

f 0.85 f C ' b wa d M u --+- A S ' ==

0.85 f C ' (b b w ) h f d f f S ' ( d - d ')

hf 2

in2

a bw

in2

f S ' == E Se u

a - b 1d ' a

ksi

SHEAR ANALYSIS Check section limitation (ACI, 11.5.7.9)

(cont'd) Determine concrete capacity (ACI, 11.3.1.1 or 11.3.2)

V u 10f b wd f c
'

V C = 2b wd
384.3 0.75 k [Satisfactory]

' f c = 102.49 k

131.6 where

< f=

Check shear reinforcement (ACI, 11.5)

(1.9 A 2500r wB) b wd V C =+=


where

113.38 k ,<== applicable

fV c 0 , for V u 2 0.75 f 'c b w 50 fV c Av bw = MAX , V u fV c , for s 2 f f Re qD y y -f V u V c , for fV c V u f df y


= 0.274 in / ft
2

A == MIN

' c

, 100
, 1.0

77.00

V d B == MIN u M u

0.377

<

Av = 0.960 s Pr ovD

in / ft

[Satisfactory]

Check spacing limits for shear reinforcement (ACI 11.5.4)

Vs =

V u - fV C

62.08

d ' MIN ( , 24) for V s 4b wd f c 2 S max, shear = MIN ( d , 12) for V s 4b wd f ' c 4
TORSION ANALYSIS Check section limitation (ACI, 11.6.3.1)

22

> S= [Satisfactory]

in

Vu b d w

2 T u Ph f V C + 8 f 'c + 1.7 2 d b Aoh w

where

f= Ph = Aoh =

0.75 130 647

(ACI, 9.3.2.3) in, (perimeter of centerline of outermost closed transverse torsional reinforcement.) in2 (area enclosed by centerline of the outermost closed transverse torsional reinforcement.)

0.189

<

0.530

[Satisfactory]

Check if torsional reinforcement required (ACI, 11.6.1)


2 ' Acp Tu f f c P cp

where

be = MIN(h-hf , 4hf) = Pcp = Acp = 144 896

32

in, (one side, ACI, 11.6.1.1)

24.0 < 24.6 ft-k Torsional reinforcement NOT reqD.

in, (outside perimeter of the concrete cross section.) in2 (area enclosed by outside perimeter of concrete cross section.)

Check the max factored torque causing cracking (ACI, 11.6.2.2)

T u 4f

2 ' Acp f c P cp

24.0 < 98.6 Reduction of the torsional moment can occur. Determine the area of one leg of a closed stirrup (ACI, 11.6.3.6)

At = T u s 2f A0 f

=
yv

Tu 1.7f A0 h f

=
yv

0.00

in2 / ft

Determine the corresponding area of longitudinal reinforcement (derived from ACI, 11.6.3.7 & 11.6.5.3)
' At f yv , 5 Acp f c - f yv MAX At , 25b w = A L = MAX P h Ph s f yL f yL f yL f yv s

0.00

in2

(cont'd) Determine minimum combined area of longitudinal reinforcement 2 in AL, top = As' +0.5AL = 0.00 < actual AL, bot = As +0.5AL = 6.75 in
2

[Satisfactory] [Satisfactory]

<

actual

Determine minimum diameter for longitudinal reinforcement (ACI, 11.6.6.2) dbL = MAX(0.042 S, 3/8) = 0.50 in < 0.63 in [Satisfactory]

Determine minimum combined area of stirrups (ACI, 11.6.5.2 & 11.6.6.1) 2 2 in / ft At / S = MAX[(Av+2At)S, 0.75(fc') bw/fyv, 50bw/fyv] = 0.27 Smax, tor = MIN[(Ph/8, 12) = 12 in 12 in > SreqD = MIN(Smax,shear , Smax,tor) =

< actual

actual

[Satisfactory]

[Satisfactory]

PROJECT : CLIENT : JOB NO. :

DATE :

PAGE : DESIGN BY : REVIEW BY :

Concrete Beam Design Based on ACI 318-99/95


INPUT DATA f 'c Main Bar fy Stirrup fy Top bars Bot bars Stirrup size No. of legs 3 4 = = = # # ==> = # 2.5 60 60 7 7 4 4 @ ksi ksi ksi Mu = Vu = Tu = b= h= bw = 272.5 46.4 10 24 30 24 ft-k k ft-k in, (ACI, 8.10.2) in in in in The design is adequate.

hf = 0 10 in o.c. d (optional) =

DESIGN SUMMARY 2 Main bar top (Compressive Reinf.) : Main bar bottom (Tensile Reinf.) : GOVERNING CASE ANALYSIS

Use 3 # 7 Use 4 # 7 ( 1 layer )

Stirrups : Use # 4 @ 10 in. o.c. (4 legs)

eu
d

= = =

0.003 27.6 2.4 in in

b1
f

= = =

0.85 0.90 0.0033

r max
ES

= =

0.0134 29000 0.0036

d'

r min

r w = As =
b wd

AS

Case 1

Case 2

Case 3

Case 4

CASE 2 APPLICABLE
FLEXURAL ANALYSIS Case 1 Analysis :

2 a =--= d d

2M u 0.85f b f C '

in

0.85ab f C ' A S == fy

in2

Case 2 Analysis :
2 a =-----= d d

2 M u 0.85f f C ' b w

(b

d b w ) h f

hf 2

2.72

in

0.85 f C ' ( ab w +bh f b wh f ) AS == fy

2.31

Case 3 Analysis :

0.75 b 1e ud a == fy eu + ES
A S =+= AS ' f S' fy 0.85 f C ' ba fy

in

f 0.85 f C ' ba d M u - ' == AS f f S ' ( d - d ')


2

a 2

in

f S ' == E Se u
a 2

a - b 1d ' a

ksi

Case 4 Analysis :

0.75 b 1e ud a == fy eu + ES
A S =+= AS ' f S' fy 0.85 f C ' ( b -+ bw) h f fy

in

f 0.85 f C ' b wa d M u --+- A S ' ==

0.85 f C ' (b b w ) h f d f f S ' ( d - d ')

hf 2

a bw

in2

f S ' == E Se u

a - b 1d ' a

ksi

SHEAR ANALYSIS Check section limitation (ACI, 11.5.6.8)

Determine concrete capacity (ACI, 11.3.1.1 or 11.3.2.1)

V u 10f b wd f
46.4 where < f=

' c

V C = 2b wd
281.1 0.85 k [Satisfactory]

fc=
'

66.15

Check shear reinforcement (ACI, 11.5)

(1.9 A 2500r wB) b wd V C =+=


where

70.30

k ,<== applicable

Av s Re qD

0 , for V u fV c 2 fV c 50b w = , for V u fV c 2 f y V - fV c u , for fV c V u f df y


= 0.240 in / ft
2

A == MIN

' c

, 100
, 1.0

54.07

V d B == MIN u M u

0.391

<

Av = 0.960 s Pr ovD

in / ft

[Satisfactory]

Check spacing limits for shear reinforcement (ACI, 11.5.4)

Vs =

V u - fV C

-15.72

d ' MIN ( , 24) for V s 4b wd f c 2 S max, shear = MIN ( d , 12) for V s 4b wd f ' c 4
TORSION ANALYSIS Check section limitation (ACI, 11.6.3.1)

13

> S= [Satisfactory]

10

in

Vu b d w

2 T u Ph f V C + 8 f 'c + 1.7 2 d Aoh bw

where

f= Ph = Aoh =

0.85 94 543

(ACI, 9.3.2.3) in, (perimeter of centerline of outermost closed transverse torsional reinforcement.) in2 (area enclosed by centerline of the outermost closed transverse torsional reinforcement.)

0.074

<

0.425

[Satisfactory]

Check if torsional reinforcement required (ACI, 11.6.1)


2 ' Acp Tu f f c P cp

where

be = MIN(h-hf , 4hf) = Pcp = Acp = 108 720

in, (one side, ACI, 11.6.1.1)

10.0 < 17.0 ft-k Torsional reinforcement NOT reqD.

in, (outside perimeter of the concrete cross section.) in2 (area enclosed by outside perimeter of concrete cross section.)

Check the max factored torque causing cracking (ACI, 11.6.2.2)

T u 4f

2 ' Acp f c P cp

10.0 < 68.0 Reduction of the torsional moment can occur. Determine the area of one leg of a closed stirrup (ACI, 11.6.3.6)

At = T u s 2f A0 f

=
yv

Tu 1.7f A0 h f

=
yv

0.00

in2 / ft

Determine the corresponding area of longitudinal reinforcement (derived from ACI, 11.6.3.7 & 11.6.5.3)
' At f yv , 5 Acp f c - f yv MAX At , 25b w = = MAX AL Ph Ph s f yL f yL f yL f yv s

0.00

in2

Determine minimum combined area of longitudinal reinforcement 2 in AL, top = As' +0.5AL = 0.00 < actual AL, bot = As +0.5AL = 2.31 in
2

[Satisfactory] [Satisfactory]

<

actual

Determine minimum diameter for longitudinal reinforcement (ACI, 11.6.6.2) dbL = MAX(S/24, 0.375) = 0.46 in < 0.88 Determine minimum combined area of stirrups (ACI, 11.6.5.2 & 11.6.6.1) 2 in / ft At / S = MAX[(Av+2At)S, 50bw/fyv] = 0.24 < Smax, tor = MIN[(Ph/8, 12) = 11 in 11 in > SreqD = MIN(Smax,shear , Smax,tor) =

in

[Satisfactory]

actual actual

[Satisfactory] [Satisfactory]

ksi

in2

in2

in2

(cont'd)

k ,<== applicable

nterline of outermost closed

by centerline of the outermost

orsional reinforcement.)

er of the concrete cross

(cont'd)