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TTX5234 Plant Utilities General Information Credit Rating: 1/3 (150 Hours) Methods of Course Delivery: Printed Lesson

d Lesson Materials (4 Units) Unit I: Energy (09 Sessions) Unit II: Water and Steam (10 Sessions) Unit III: Illumination (05 Sessions) Unit IV: Air Conditioning (06 Sessions) Unit V: Textile Effluent Treatment( 06 Sessions) Unit VI: Health & Safety Requirements (06 Sessions) 3 Day-schools (not compulsory, Refer the activity Diary for dates) Students must Study the lesson materials before attending the day school. DS 1: Unit 1 & II; DS2:Unit II to IV DS3: Unit V & VI 3 Assignments (Please see the attached Assignments for details) 1 Mini Project Continuous Assessment Marks will be given to Assignments Continuous Assessment Tests (Refer Activity Diary for Dates) Mini Project

Assessment:

For Eligibility Criteria (Refer the Activity Diary) Final Examination: Those who get 40% or more in continuous assessment will be allowed to sit for the final examination held at the end of the academic year Final Marks; Final Mark = 0.5 x Continuous Assessment Mark + 0.5 x Final examination Mark (However you have to get at least 40% in the final examination to pass the course) Instructions: Any change of your address must be intimated to the Student Affairs Division and the Course Coordinator without delay. Course Coordinator: Mr. M A I Perera, Tel. ,2822310; ext 653, e mail maper@ou.ac.lk You may be provided with a set of questions for your self testing. If you wish to have them please submit your e -mail Number

The Open University of Sri Lanka Department of Textile & Apparel technology TTX5234 Plant Utilities Assignment I 2013/2014 Please submit your assignment to reach the following address on or before the date given in the Activity Diary.10.01.2014 Course Coordinator TTX5234 Department of Textile and Apparel technology Open University of Sri Lanka Nawala, Nugegoda Please study the units I and II before attempting this assignment. 1. (i) Distinguish between the terms. a) Renewable Energy and non-renewable energy b) Primary energy and secondary energy c) Tandem compound turbines and cross compound turbines d) Turbine and Generator e) Horizontal axis wind turbine and vertical axis wind turbine 2. Explain why? (a) (b) (c) (d) Electrical losses are reduced by operating transmission lines at high voltages? Coal Power generation is considered as harmful to the environment? Fractional distillation is the most important process of the oil refining process? Hydropower has become the leading source of renewable energy.

3. (a) Explain with a suitable sketch how does a solar cell work? (b) What is an active solar heating system? 4. Discuss the operational principle of any one type of nuclear reactor and discuss the environmental issues associated with nuclear power generation. 5. Define the following terms. (a) De-aeration (b) Dryness Fraction (c) Triple Point (d) Super heated steam (e) Enthalpy

6. a) What is a heat exchanger b) What functions are performed by heat exchangers? c) Distinguish between counter flow and parallel flow heat exchangers d) Describe the function of Shell & Tube Exchanger with a suitable diagram.

Diploma in Industrial Studies -2013/2014 TTX5234 Plant Utilities Assignment II Answers to this assignment must be submitted before the date given in the activity diary; 04.04.2014 Mr. M A I Perera Course Coordinator Dept. of Textile and Apparel Technology OUSL Nawala, Nugegoda Late submissions will not be accepted! Answer all questions

1. Explain the following terms a) Luminous flux c) Luminous Intensity e) Illumination g) Brightness or Luminance b) Lumen d) Candela f) Luminous efficiency

b)

2. Compare the following lamps on factors given in the chart.

Type of lamp

Comparativ Working e Temperatur Efficiency e with incandesce nt lamp

Commo n usage

Operatin g Voltage

Principl e of Operatio n

Advantag es

Disadvanta ges

Tungsten Halogen lamp Tube Floresant lamp Standard incandesce nt Mercury vapor lamp Induction lamp

3. Calculate the Illumination (lux) on the area of your study desk, or the working desk at your work place. Compare the value that you obtain with the standard values establish whether there is sufficient illumination. Show your calculations clearly, giving the type of lamp you are using. If the illumination is out of the required standards, suggest all the possible alternative solutions, to obtain the standard illumination, and decide on the best solution. Give reasons for your decision. (Obtain the relevant data from lesson materials or other sources. Indicate the sources from which you got the data / information.)

4. Define the following terms Dry bulb temperature Specific volume Relative humidity Wet bulb temperature Humidity ratio Enthalpy Dew point temperature Molar water content

Calculate the enthalpy of 1kg of dry air of the temperature 30C having a humidity ratio of 0.015 kg of moisture in the kg of dry air Cp.air = 1.04 KJ/kgC = 2258 KJ/kg ro Cp.vapour = 2.093 KJ/kgC

For self Assessment:. Work out the activities 10,11,12 & 13 in Unit IV (Air conditioning) .Do not submit these answers for correction!!!

Diploma in Industrial Studies -2013/2014 TTX5234 Plant Utilities Assignment III Answers to this assignment must be submitted on or before the date given in the activity diary to; 30.05.2014 Mr. M A I Perera Course Coordinator Dept. of Textile and Apparel Technology OUSL Nawala, Nugegoda Late submissions will not be accepted. Therefore you are strictly advised to submit answers on or before the due date. Answer all questions

1. What do you understand by the following abbreviations. TDS DO BOD COD SS

2. Explain aerobic and anaerobic oxidation

3. a) What are the processes used under physical, chemical and biological methods of effluent treatment b) What type of impurities are removed in primary, secondary and tertiary stages of waste water treatment process. What are the processes used in each of these stages.

4. What are the aspects covered under Safety Engineering and Safety Management

5. Complete the following Mind map on safety engineering.

Safety Engineering of Hazards

Identification

Energy Analysis

Measures of risk

Hazard control methods

Types of Energy

Give a brief explanation of each concept given in the boxes above.

6. Identify the potential hazards in your work place or in your home applying the principles of Energy Analysis.

TTX5234 Plant Utilities - Mini Project Themes Select one of the following themes as your mini project. You are expected to spend about 20 hours in accomplishing this project. (Date of Submission: Please refer the Activity Diary) 26.05.2014 1. Hydrogen Energy (Discuss present state of the development, What problems are prevailing, What advantages and disadvantages are there) 2. Solar Energy (Include to what extent solar energy is used in Sri Lanka, What problems are prevailing, Who are the providers of solar energy units in Sri Lanka etc.) 3. Bio Mass Energy (Discuss different types, Present state of the art, Problems, advantages/disadvantages, Use & prospects of bio mass energy in Sri Lanka) 4. World Oil Crisis (Is there a crisis? Why oil prices go up?, Who are the producers?, Who control the prices?, How prices have changed in the near past? Etc.) 5. Coal power plants in Sri Lanka (Is it suitable? Why?, What problems are there?, Compare with Diesel and Hydro power generation, Politics?, Bribery given by Diesel plan owners? etc.) 6. Safety of Nuclear Power Plants (Is it really clean energy? Threats to the world, Is it cheap?, etc.) 7. How Energy can be saved? (Discuss the problems prevailing in SL, Where and how energy can be saved, what is the present status in developed world? Etc.) 8. Describe the operational principle of an air conditioner working on the principle of refrigerative cooling. (All components and their functions, Thermodynamics of refrigerative cooling, Calculation of efficiency of the cycle etc.) 9. Solar water heaters (Different systems, availability in SL, Service providers in SL, Their products, Comparison of these products) Those who are employed can select any one of the following themes: 10. Study the steam generation unit available in your factory and write a comprehensive report on it. Apart from other details, your report should include Type of unit, capacity, steam plant lay-out, any accessories used, water source and treatment details, and cost of production. 11. Study the lighting system available in your factory or in one of the departments of the factory and make a comprehensive lay-out plan of the system. Determine whether the standard levels of illumination are available as per the standards given in the lesson material. If not suggest what should be done to improve lighting minimizing cost. 12. Study the health and safety systems available in your factory and make a comprehensive report on it. Your report should contain comments on whether mandatory safety requirements are in place or not and your comments on how to improve any shortcomings. 13. Study the air-conditioning system available in your factory or in one of the departments of the factory and make a comprehensive lay-out plan of it. Estimate the heat loads of the factory and comment on whether the present plant is capable in achieving optimum conditions for the different processes and comfort of the working personnel.

14.Study the effluent treatment plant available in your factory and make a comprehensive
lay-out plan of it. Explain the various stages of treatment and the effluents that are removed at each stage. Comment on the quality of water that is discharged to the environment.