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The formula
Calculating the circumference of a circle To calculate the circumference of a circle, C,
When you are working with circles, you need to using the diameter, d, use the formula:
know some important terms:
the circumference (perimeter) of a circle is the C = πd ( π × d)
distance around the edge of the circle
If you need to use the radius, r, to calculate
fe
um re
the circumference, substitute 2r in place of d,
giving:
circ

nc
C = 2πr ( 2 x π x r )

e
Calculating the radius or diameter from the
circumference
Sometimes, you may be given the circumference of
the diameter is the distance from one side of the or diameter. To do this, you will need to
circle to the other going through the centre rearrange one of the two formulae mentioned in
the previous section. Here's how.

C = 2πr

## the radius is the distance from the centre out to

the perimeter To calculate the diameter from the circumference

C = πd

## Formatted By: Fathima

Calculating the area of a semicircle
Calculating the area of a circle A semicircle ('semi' = half) is a circle that has
Find the area of a circle (to 1 decimal place) been cut in half through the centre, as shown
with a radius of 3 cm. below.
A = πr²
A = (π × 3 × 3 ) cm2
So, the area of a semicircle is half the area of
A = 28.30 cm² (1 dp) a circle.
If a circle has a diameter of 12.40 cm, what is
its area to 2 decimal places? Worked examples
d = 2r, giving What is the area (to 1 decimal places) of a
12.40 = 2r semicircle with a radius of 8 cm?
So, r = 12. 40  2
= 6. 20 cm We need first to calculate the area of a circle
A = πr² with a radius of 8 cm
A = π × 6.20 × 6.20 cm2 A = πr²
A = 120.76 cm² (2 dp) A = π × 8 × 8 cm2
A = 201.06 cm²
What, to 1 decimal places, is the area of a Halve this to give the area of the semicircle
circle with a radius of 7.80 cm? A = 201.06  2
A = πr² =100.50 cm² (1 decimal places)
A = π × 7.80 × 7.80 cm2
Calculate the area of a semicircle with a
A = 191.10 cm² (1 decimal places) diameter of 3.60 cm
First, we must calculate the area of a circle
with a diameter of 3.60 cm
A = πr²
A = π × 1.80 × 1.80 cm2
A = 10.18 cm²
Halve this to give the area of the semicircle
A = 10.18  2
= 5.09 cm²

## Formatted By: Fathima

Calculating the radius or diameter of a circle What, to 1 decimal places, is the radius of a
from the area circle with an area of 42 cm²?
You may be given the area of a circle and then
can use
A = πr² here.
However, because this formula involves r², you
will need to take the square root of r² in order
to arrive at a value of r.

## Here are a few examples to demonstrate this.

r = 3.70 cm (1 decimal places)
Worked examples
Calculate, to 2 decimal places, the diameter of a
A circle has an area of 34² cm. What is its radius
to 1 decimal places? circle with an area of 6 cm²?
To calculate r, we need to take the square root
of both sides, giving

r = 1.382 cm
Now, d = 2r, giving
d = 2 × 1.382
r = d = 2.76 cm (2 decimal places)
So, r = 3.30 cm (1 decimal places)