Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 9

9/26/13

IAS Syllabus | Welfare schemes and instituions for vulnerable sections notes | IAS MAINS

CA T E G O RY A RCHI V E S : WE L FA RE S CHE M E S A ND I NS T I T UI O NS FO R V UL NE RA B L E S E CT I O NS

Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performan

Hindu notes 14-21 June 2013


Posted on June 21, 2013 by admin

Following topics are covered which were in news in The Hindu paper last week ILOs World of Work report, 2013 Proposed Judicial Appointment Commission why it is threat to indepedence of Judiciary Need of reforming existing collegium system of selection of SC judges A project monitoring group within cabinet secretariat formed to fast track big infra projects CCI Update on Mental Health Bill 1. widens Definition of Metal illness 2. World Health Assembly adopted Mental Health action plan 2013-2020 what are its objectives and policy guidelines 3. Main features of Mental health bill 4. Status of mental health in India Tianhe -2 Worlds fastest super computer ~ 34 pentaflops speed next best is USAs Titan at ~17.5 pentaflops Katta panchayats in TN and Khap in North India Rise of castiest political parties Fifth and sixth schedule of constitution special administrative measures for Tribal dominated areas. Why Baxar wants a place in 6th schedule Mayaram Committee recommendation of changing existing FDI caps Indias Cyber Security Architecture CMS- NCCC(covered in previous weeks notes), Cyber operation centers, National critical Infrastructure protection centers Another man made disaster Flash flood in Uttarakhand and HP causes global and local Carbon nanotube find application in saving water in steel industry Dynamic photo therapy to treat skin and stomach cancer a promising molecule developed indigenous By 2050 food production will be inadequate to feed population projections

Link of pdf
www.iasmains.in/study_material/topics/general_studies_ii/welfare_schemes_and_instituions_for_vulnerable_sections 1/9

9/26/13

IAS Syllabus | Welfare schemes and instituions for vulnerable sections notes | IAS MAINS

Posted in Environment and disaster management, Executive and the Judiciary, General Studies III, Inidan Society, IT,space, robotics, nanotech, biotech and IPR, Welfare schemes and instituions for vulnerable sections | Tagged carbon nanotubes, current affairs, cyber security, hindu notes, indian constitution, judicial appointment commision, mental health bill | 1 Reply

Newspaper notes- Roshini, PRISM, internal secutiry


Posted on June 8, 2013 by admin

I have prepared notes of todays Hindu newspaper. Following is fb gallery It covers Roshini, Sharp depreciation of rupees- reasons and concerns, PRISM NSA, a polio case registered in Maharashtra, A editorial piece on internal security etc.

From Hindu newspaper notes 8 june 2013, posted by Iasmains New Pattern on 6/08/2013 (9 items)

Bri tai n too secretl y gath eri n g A com m en tary ov er terrori sm , com m u n i cati on data don e by v i ol en ce, extem i sm states N SA th rou gh pri sm , sh arp de rol e

PRISM

Rosh i n i

N ccc pri sm u sa-ch i n a sebi

N ccc pri sm u sa-ch i n a sebi

N ccc pri sm u sa-ch i n a sebi

N ccc pri sm u sa-ch i n a sebi

N ccc pri sm u sa-ch i n a sebi

Generated by Facebook Photo Fetcher 2

Posted in General Studies III, Internal security- money laundering, terrorism, agencies, Welfare schemes and instituions for vulnerable sections | Tagged depreciat'ion, PRISM, Roshini | Leave a reply

www.iasmains.in/study_material/topics/general_studies_ii/welfare_schemes_and_instituions_for_vulnerable_sections

2/9

9/26/13

IAS Syllabus | Welfare schemes and instituions for vulnerable sections notes | IAS MAINS

Welfare and development of Scheduled Castes


Posted on April 27, 2013 by admin

SCs constituting 16.23% of the total population suffer on account of severe socioeconomic deprivation arising out of poor asset base, dependence on wage labour, subsistence level of farming, engagement in scavenging and other unclean occupations and related social evils. Following specific measures are taken for their overall development:

Scholarships and other schemes for Educational advancements


Scheme of pre-metric scholarship for chldren of those engaged in Unclean Occupation and Scheme of post metric scholarship are being implemented to encourage SC students for continuing their education for school to higher levels. Financial assistance under these schemes include maintenance allowance, reimbursement of nonrefundable compulsory fee, book bank facility and other allowances. No income ceiling for pre metric scholarship and for post-metric scholarship, income ceiling is kept at 1 lakh per annum. From 1st april 2010, Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship for SC students for pursuing MPhil and Phd courses selected through UGC is being run. National overseas scholarship is meant to provide assistance to selected SC, denotified, nomadic, semi-nomadic tribes landless agricultural laborers and traditional artisan students for pursuing higher studies of master level courses and phd programmes abroad in specified fields of Engineering, technology and science only. Free coaching of SCs, OBCs are provided for group A and B exams conducted by UPSC, SSC, state PSC, etc. Babu Jagjivan Ram chhatrawas Yojana is run to provide hostel facilities to SC boys and girls studying in middle schools, higher schools, colleges and universities.

www.iasmains.in/study_material/topics/general_studies_ii/welfare_schemes_and_instituions_for_vulnerable_sections

3/9

9/26/13

IAS Syllabus | Welfare schemes and instituions for vulnerable sections notes | IAS MAINS

Economic Empowerment
Special central assistance to SCs sub plan(SCSP) is a major scheme for economic advancement of SCs. The main objective of the plan is to five a thrust to family oriented schemes of economic development of SC families living below the poverty line. National SC Finance and Developement corporations(NSFDC) provides financial assistance in form of concessional loans to all SC families living below Double poverty line (presently 44000 in rural areas and 55000 in urban areas per annum). State SC development corporations(SCDC) main functions are to identify eligible SC families and motivate them to undertake economic development schems, sponsor the schemes to financial institutions for credit support, provide financial assistane in the form of margin money at low rate of interest and subsidy in order to reduce repayment liability and provide necessary tie up with other poverty alleviation programmes SCDC finances projects by dovetailing loan component from NSFDC/banks along with margin money out of their own funds and subsidy out of Special Central Assistance. Rehabilitation of manual scavengers and their dependents into alternative occupations is done through Self-employment scheme for rehabilitation of manual scavengers. National Safai Karmcharis Finance and Development corporation extends concessional financial assistance to the Safai Karmchary beneficiaries for establishments under Mahila Samriddhi Yojana

Constitutional and legislative Measures


National Commission for SC is a constitutional body that monitors the safeguardes
www.iasmains.in/study_material/topics/general_studies_ii/welfare_schemes_and_instituions_for_vulnerable_sections 4/9

9/26/13

IAS Syllabus | Welfare schemes and instituions for vulnerable sections notes | IAS MAINS

provided for SC and also review issues concerning their welfare. Commission has been conferred powers of a civil court truing a suit, to summon and enforce the attendance of any persons and examining on oath, receiving evidence on affidavits. National Commision for Safai Karmacharis is statutory body that has been empowered to investigate into specific grievances and matters relating to implmentation of programs and schemes for the welfate of Safai Karmcharis. To abolish the practice of untouchability and curb the high incidence of crimes and atrocities against SCs, efforts are made for implementation of Protection of Civil Rights Act, 1955 and Scheduled castes & Schedules tribes (Prevention of atrocities) Act, 1989 with the help of 22 special courts under PCR act, 1955 and also 137 special courts under SC&ST(PoA) Act, 1989.

Relevant news pieces The Hindu National Commission for SC expressed displeasure over Haryana, Punjab, UP and Bihar governments failure to prevent steep rise in atrocities against people from weaker sections. Rate of conviction in such cases is only 6-8% and is cause of concern. In many case witnesses are pressurized or not allowed to reach court. Worried over situation in Haryana, the commission had suggested that the state government set up fast track courts, special police stations and SC commissions to settle cases of atrocities against SCs. NCRB report says that a crime is committed against Dalits every 15 minutes in this country.
Posted in General Studies II, Welfare schemes and instituions for vulnerable sections | Tagged national commission of sc, nsfdc, pcr 1955, poa 1989, scheduled caste , scsp, welfare schemes | Leave a reply

www.iasmains.in/study_material/topics/general_studies_ii/welfare_schemes_and_instituions_for_vulnerable_sections

5/9

9/26/13

IAS Syllabus | Welfare schemes and instituions for vulnerable sections notes | IAS MAINS

National Commission for Women


Posted on April 26, 2013 by admin

The National Commission for Women (NCW), which was constituted as a statutory body in 1992 has a wide mandate to safeguard and promote the interests of women. As per Section (10) of the National Commission for Women Act, 1990, the Commission shall perform any function to safeguard and promote the interest of women in the country. These include, among others, Investigation and examination of the safeguards provided for women under the Constitution and other laws and making recommendation to Government on measures for their effective implementation; Reviewing the existing provisions of the Constitution and other laws affecting women and recommendation of amendments and remedial legal measures to meet any lacunae, inadequacies or shortcoming in such laws; Looking into complaints and taking suo-moto notice of matters relating to deprivation of womens rights, etc. and taking up the issues with appropriate authorities; Calling for special studies or investigations into specific problems or situations arising out of discrimination and atrocities against women, identifying the constraints so as to recommend strategies for their removal; Participation and advice in the planning process for socio-economic development of women, evaluation of the progress made thereof; Inspection of jails, remand homes etc., where women are kept under custody and seeking remedial action wherever necessary. The Commission has been given powers of a Civil Court while investigating matters relating to safeguards for women under the Constitution and other laws and deprivation of womens rights, to the extent of summoning and enforcing attendance of any person from any part of India and examining him on oath, requiring discovery and production
www.iasmains.in/study_material/topics/general_studies_ii/welfare_schemes_and_instituions_for_vulnerable_sections 6/9

9/26/13

IAS Syllabus | Welfare schemes and instituions for vulnerable sections notes | IAS MAINS

of any document, receiving evidence on affidavits, requisitioning of any public record or copy thereof from any court or office, issuing Commissions for examination of witnesses and documents and any other matter which may be prescribed.
PIB Posted in General Studies II, Welfare schemes and instituions for vulnerable sections | Tagged nation commission for women, ncw | Leave a reply

Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana


Posted on March 25, 2013 by admin

Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) was launched by Ministry of Labour and Employment, Government of India in 2008 to provide health insurance cover to Below Poverty Line population and informal sector workers of India. In 2013-14 budget, the benfits of RSBY is extended to few other categories like the rickshaw pullers, auto taxi drivers, and it budget allocation has been increased to 1137 Cr. The scheme is today the worlds largest medical insurance programme covering over 120 million poor people in the country. The objective of the scheme is to protect these families from shocks related to catastrophic expenditures on health by improving access to health and reducing out of pocket expenditure. Main Features of RSBY This is a Smart Card based cashless and paperless social health insurance scheme. It provides annual hospitalisation cover up to Rs. 30,000 for a family of five members through health insurance companies. Families pay only a registration fee of Rs. 30 and get a RSBY smart card which helps in accessing empaneled hospitals across the country for in-patient treatment. Transportation expenses up to Rs. 1,000 per year are provided in cash for travelling to the hospital.
www.iasmains.in/study_material/topics/general_studies_ii/welfare_schemes_and_instituions_for_vulnerable_sections 7/9

9/26/13

IAS Syllabus | Welfare schemes and instituions for vulnerable sections notes | IAS MAINS

All pre-existing diseases are covered from day one. There is no age limit to enrol in the scheme. 75 % of the cost (premium) of the scheme is borne by Central Government (90% in case of Jammu & Kashmir and North-Eastern States) and the rest is borne out by respective State government. State Governments can top-up the coverage amount beyond Rs. 30,000. Started in few districts in 2008, the scheme has spread into 486 districts across 28 States and Union Territories as of December 2012. The premium charged by insurance companies has large variations ranging from Rs. 224 to Rs. 745 per family per year in a district. The average premium which was Rs. 600 in 2008 has come down to Rs. 350 in 2012. Around 12,000 hospitals are empanelled under RSBY to provide hospitalisation benefits to the enrolled members in RSBY 70 per cent are private hospitals and 30 per cent are public hospitals. Though almost all cases of hospitalization are covered, package rates have been fixed for around 1,100 procedures. RSBY has garnered an enviable position in Indias policy space. The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and International Labour Organization (ILO) picked it up as one of the top 18 social security schemes in the world.In June 2011, the World Bank came out with its first-ever review of social welfare policies in India. For most part, the review panned the policies for their faulty design and sloppy implementation. However, there was one exceptionthe Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojna (RSBY), or the national health insurance scheme. The RSBY has received rave reviews even from international organisations. The GIZ (or the German Agency for International Cooperation that, along with the World Bank, was involved in designing the scheme) in its January 2013 report has found that based on data from three statesBihar, Uttarakhand and Andhra Pradesh90 percent of the respondents were satisfied with the scheme. The criticism against RSBY is at two broad levels:
www.iasmains.in/study_material/topics/general_studies_ii/welfare_schemes_and_instituions_for_vulnerable_sections 8/9

9/26/13

IAS Syllabus | Welfare schemes and instituions for vulnerable sections notes | IAS MAINS

The first concern is that, in the absence of a strong primary and secondary health infrastructure, it increases the tendency among patients to get hospitalised at the first instance. As an off-shoot, it leads to increased frauds. Various studies and reports have shown how empanelled hospitals did not have adequate facilities, or how hospitals conducted unnecessary hysterectomies on patients to make easy money through the cashless insurance schemes. Second, as more and more people use insurance to pay their bills, insurance companies will ask for higher premiums from the government. In time, this trend could make the scheme unviable. Should health care be provided through government channels or through giving out medical insurance? One public health expert says that while you could combine both approaches, it would be better if the government manages the demand. India has failed miserably in managing supply since its independence. Providing insurance not only gives the poor a chance to access private care but also provides a business case for private players to service remote areas. Read more: http://forbesindia.com/article/universal-health-care/will-rashtriya-swasthya-bima-yojana-takeus-the-us-health-care-way/34903/1#ixzz2OWKPpWMe Posted in General Studies II, Social Sector related to health, education and HR, Welfare schemes and instituions for vulnerable sections | Leave a reply

www.iasmains.in/study_material/topics/general_studies_ii/welfare_schemes_and_instituions_for_vulnerable_sections

9/9