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Inert gas welding selected reference tables

Inert gas welding selected reference tables


At a glance This summarized compilation of reference tables is intended as an aid to orientation in shielding gas welding. It gives an overview of the wide range of welding inert gases and their areas of application. The tables can be helpful in the solution of welding problems but you should not miss out on the experience and advice of our welding experts. Special information on our shielding gases is contained in our detailed publications. For optimum control of profitability in inert gas welding, Messer has developed a welding cost calculation system with computer aided measured value processing. We are happy to place this facility at the disposal of users on request.

Inert gas welding

Tungsten inert gas welding

Metal inert gas welding

Non-consumable tungsten electrode

consumable wire electrode

Tungsten inert gas welding open arc

TIG

Plasma
Plasmawelding confined arc

Metal inert gas welding Inert gas atmosphere

MIG

Metal active gas welding CO2 or O2 in shielding gas

MAG

Shielding gases for welding at a glance

Product designation Welding-Argon 4.6 Argon Special 4.8 Helium 4.6 Alumix He90 Alumix He70 Alumix He50 Alumix He30 Alumix N* Alumix He15 N* Alumix He30 N* Alumix He50 N* Inoxmix H2 Inoxmix H5 Inoxmix H7 Inoxmix N1 Inoxmix N2 Inoxmix He15 N1 Inoxmix He3 H1 Inoxmix X2 Inoxmix C2 Inoxmix He15 C2 Inoxmix He30 H2 C Ferromix C8 Ferromix C18 Ferromix C25 Ferromix X4 Ferromix X8 Ferromix C5 X5 Ferromix C3 X1 Ferromix C6 X1 Ferromix C12 X2 Ferromix He20 C8 carbon dioxide (industrial grade) Forming gas (N2-H2-mixes)

Group according as ISO 14175 I1 I1 I2 I3 I3 I3 I3 Z Z Z Z R1 R1 R1 N2 N2 N2 R1 M13 M12 M12 Z M20 M21 M21 M22 M22 M23 M14 M24 M24 M20 C1 N5

Composition [%] Ar 100 100 100 10 30 50 70 balance balance balance balance 98 95 92,5 98,75 97,5 83,75 95,5 98 97,5 83 balance 92 82 75 96 92 90 96 93 86 72 20 4 8 5 1 1 2 5 3 6 12 8 100 5-25 95-75 15 30 15 3 2 2,5 2 0,12 8 18 25 2 1,5 15 30 50 2 5 7,5 1,25 2,5 1,25 90 70 50 30 0,015 0,015 0,015 0,015 He O2 CO2 H2 N2

Process according as DIN 1910 TIG/MIG TIG/M1G TIG/MIG TIG/MIG TIG/MIG TIG/MIG TIG/MIG TIG/MIG TIG/MIG TIG/MIG TIG/MIG TIG TIG TIG TIG TIG TIG TIG MAG M MAG M MAG M MAG M MAG M MAG M MAG MAG M MAG M MAG M MAG M MAG M MAG M MAG M MAG C Root protection

* In Germany Alumix is distributed without nitrogen content

Areas of application

Standard shielding gases and their application in TIG welding Product Welding Argon Inoxmix H 2 % H2 5 % H2 7,5 % H2 1,25 % 2,5 % 15 % He,1,25 % N2 Typical Mixes Group acc. ISO 14175 l1 R1 R1 R1 N2 N2 N2 I2 I3 I3 I3 I3 Z Z Z Z I1 5 % H2 10 % H2 15 % H2 20 % H2 25 % H2 N5 N5 N5 N5 N5 Application High alloy and mild steels, aluminum alloys, other non ferrous metals Austenitic CrNi steels (5% and 7.5% preferably fully mechanical) Duplex, super-duplex fully austenitic CrNi steels Aluminum (negative polarity welding) Steels (orbital technique) Aluminum, copper (preferably 70% He) Nickel (preferably 30% He) Steels (orbital technique) TIG DC welding (preferably 90% He) Aluminum + Al - alloys Aluminum + Al - alloys

Inoxmix N

Helium 4.6 Alumix He 30 % He 50 % He 70 % He 90 % He 0,015 % N2 15 % He, 0,015 % N2 30 % He, 0,015 % N2 50 % He, 0,015 % N2

Alumix N* Alumix He N*

Argon 4.8 Forming gas (N2-H2 mixes)

Gas sensitive materials such as titanium, niobium, molybdenum, tantalum, as well as for root protection Root protection for high alloy and alloyed steels

Standard shielding gases and their application in MIG welding Group acc. ISO 14175 I3 I3 I3 Z Z Z Z Z I2

Product Alumix He

Typical Mixes 30 % He 50 % He 70 % He 0,015 % N2 15 % He, 0,015 % N2 30 % He, 0,015 % N2 50 % He, 0,015,% N2 30 % He, 2 % H, 0,12 %

Application Aluminum, nickel alloys CuNiFe alloys, copper Aluminum materials Aluminum + Al - alloys Aluminum + Al - alloys

Alumix N* Alumix He 15 N* Alumix He 30 N* Alumix He 50 N* Inoxmix He 30 H2 C Helium 4.6

Nickel-based materials Copper (if preheating not possible)

* In Germany Alumix is distributed without nitrogen content

Applications for MAG welding

Product families for MAG welding Product family Inoxmix Ferromix Application high alloy steels, conditionally mild steels mild steels, conditionally high alloy steels

Classification of shielding gases for joint welding and related processes according as DIN EN ISO 14175 short term
main sub group group

Components [%] oxidizing CO2 O2


Ar 100 inert

reductive He 100 H2

low reactive N2

M1

M2

1 2 3 1 2 3 4 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 1 2 1 2 3 4 5 1

Balance 0,5 He 95

0,5 CO2 5 0,5 CO2 5 0,5 CO2 5 < CO2 15 < CO2 0,5 5 5 15 15 25 < < < < < CO2 CO2 CO2 CO2 CO2 CO2 0,5 O2 5 0,5 O2 15 25 3 < O2 5 3 < O2 15 0,5 O2 15 3 < O2 25 0,5 O2 25 3 < O2 50 10 < O2 20 2 < O2 25 10 < O2 50 10 < O2

Balancea) Balancea)

0,5 H2 5

3 Balancea) 3 Balancea)
Balancea) Balancea)

10 10 3 10 3 10 15 10 15 15

Balancea) Balancea) Balancea) Balancea) Balancea) Balancea) Balancea) Balancea) Balancea) Balancea) Balancea)

M3

C R N

25 < CO2 5 < CO2 25 < CO2 100 Balance

0,5 O2 30
Balancea) Balance Balance
a)

0,5 H2 15 15 < H2 50 100 0,5 N2 5 5 < N2 50 0,5 H2 10 0,5 N2 5 0,5 H2 50 Balance

a)

Balancea) Balancea)

O Z
a) b)

100

Gas mixtures with components, which are not listed in the table or gas mixtures with a composition out of the specified range. b)

For this classification Argon may be replaced partially or completely with helium. Two gas mixtures with the same Z-classification must not be replaced against each other.

Cost comparison Shielding gas 70 % Helium / 30 % Argon Shielding gas 100 % Argon

1.00

0.50

0.75

2.50

2.25

0.50

0.50

Labor cost

Wire 2,25 / unit

Gas

Labor cost

Wire

Gas

Edge preparatio

5,75 / unit

Penetration intensification 20 mm

100 % Argon

70 % Argon 30 % Helium AI Mg 4,5 Mn 240 A 20 mm

50 % Argon 50 % Helium

30 % Argon 70 % Helium

100 % Helium

Base material: Welding current: Sheet thickness:

Messer Group GmbH Gahlingspfad 31 47803 Krefeld Tel. +49 2151 7811-0 Fax +49 2151 7811-503 welding-technology@messergroup.com www.messergroup.com
10/08 / 1.EN1.205