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Name:__________________________ Test 3: Acceleration, and Distance vs Time Graphs

PART 1: Acceleration Just like the lab we did last Friday, We have a cart starting from rest at the top of a ramp (Vi = 0 cm/s). As time goes on, the cart begins to accelerate down the inclined ramp. Mr. Eerdmans used a stopwatch to measure the time it took for the cart to roll down the ramp. Then he measured the distance that the cart traveled using a ruler. This process was done several times and the following measurements were taken. Data Table 1: Cart Accelerating Down an Inclined Plane. Trial 1 Trial 2 Trial 3 Distance (cm) 22.5 25.5 24.0 Time (sec) 3.5 4.5 4

Questions (1-4) will be worth 4 points each. 1 point for using your T-chart correctly. 1 point for labeling the correct units in your T-chart. 1 point for having the correct answer. 1 point for having the correct units on your answer.

1. Using Data Table 1, calculate the average distance of the 3 measured trials.

2. Using Data Table 2, calculate the average time from the 3 measured trials.

3. Using your Average Distance and Average Time from question 1 and 2. Calculate the final Speed of the cart after it traveled the average distance from question 1.

4. Using the fact that the cart started from rest (Vi = 0cm/s), and finished with the average speed that you found in question 3 (speed is the same as velocity in this case). Calculate the acceleration of the cart as it rolled down the inclined plane.

PART 2: Graphing Motion Distance vs Time Graphs For questions 5-14, Use the graphs on page 4 (Figure 1). 5. In all 4 graphs, what unit was the distance measured in? __________________________ 6. In all 4 graphs, what unit was the time measured in? _____________________________ 7. Using the graphs information, what units can the runners speed be calculated in? ______ 8. Which graph shows that Runner1 started 20 yds. in front of runner 2? _______________ 9. In graph B, How far did Runner1 run in 4 seconds?______________________________ 10. In graph C, How far did Runner1 run in 3 seconds? _____________________________ 11. Which graph shows that Runner1 and Runner2 are running the same speed?__________ 12. In all 4 graphs, each runner runs at constant speed. How does the data in the graphs show that this is true?

Question 13 will be worth 3 points. Use the Graphs A-D in figure 1. 1 point for using your T-chart correctly. 1 point for having the correct answer. 1 point for having the correct units on your answer.

13. Calculate the speed of Runner2 in Graph A.

14. Instead of calculating the speed of every runner, what characteristic do the linear data lines have when a runner is running fast? Using that, which runner of all 4 graphs ran the fastest?

15. Plot the following motion on the distance vs time graph below. Make sure to label your horizontal and vertical axes. Also label the units of these axes. Starting at home time = 0, distance = 0 Tom starts walking to work and goes 20 meters in 4 min. Tom forgets his lunch and runs back home in 2 min. At home he spends 2 minutes grabbing his lunch. Now that he is late, he tries to make up time by running the 40 meters to work and he gets to work 4 min later.