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SMAK 1 BPK PENABUR Jakarta

Fisika kelas X6-7-8-Aksel semester 1


Joshua Untung W.

Bab 5

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yang membawa sorga ke dalam hati kita

DINAMIKA (HUKUM NEWTON)


Practice Makes PERFECT !

Bab 5: Dinamika (Hukum Newton)

page 1 of 7

1.

(I) A 90-g hockey puck with an initial


speed of 10 m/s slows to 8 m/s in 12 m.
Find:
SMAK 1 BPK PENABUR Jakarta
(a) the
frictional
force
on it;1
Fisika
kelas
X6-7-8-Aksel
semester
Joshua Untung W.

(b) the coefficient of friction.


2.

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Iman dapat membawa kita ke sorga, tetapi kasih sayang diantara sesama
yang membawa sorga ke dalam hati kita

(I) A standard car has two-wheel drive.


Assume that the weight is equally
distributed over all four wheels. If the
coefficient of static friction is 0.8, find
the maximum acceleration possible
when the car
(a) starts from rest, or
(b) comes to a stop.

3.

(I) Two blocks are connected as shown


in Fig. 6.36 and move at constant
velocity (the 5 kg-block moves down
the incline). Find:
(a) the coefficient of kinetic friction
assuming it is the same for both
blocks;
(b) the tension in the rope.

4.

(II) A 1-kg block is at rest on an incline


for which k = 0.6 and s = 0.8; see
Fig. 6.37.
(a) Does the block move if it is
released?
(b) If a horizontal force Fo = 40 N acts
on it, what is its acceleration?

5.

(I) An 80-kg person pushes a 20-kg


crate over a rough surface. Take s =
0.8 for the person and k = 0.4 for the
crate.
(a) What is the maximum possible
acceleration of the crate?
(b) For the condition in part (a) find
the force exerted by the crate on the
person.

6.

(I) A 5-kg block is subject to a


horizontal force of 30 N, as in Fig. 6.38.
It lies on a surface for which k = 0.5
and s =0.7.
(a) If the block is at rest, what is the
frictional force on it? What is the
acceleration of the block if it is moving
(b) to the left, or
(c) to the right?

Bab 5: Dinamika (Hukum Newton)

page 2 of 7

SMAK 1 BPK PENABUR Jakarta


Fisika kelas X6-7-8-Aksel semester 1
Joshua Untung W.

Nama :__________________
Kls/No:__________/_______
Iman dapat membawa kita ke sorga, tetapi kasih sayang diantara sesama
yang membawa sorga ke dalam hati kita

8.

(I) Repeat Exercise 7, with the same


force acting at 37 above the horizontal,
as shown in Fig. 6.40.

9.

(I) A 2.5-kg block is on a 53 incline for


which k = 0.25 and s = 0.5. Find its
acceleration given that:
(a) it is initially at rest;
(b) it is moving up the slope;
(c) it is moving down the slope.

10.

(I) A crate lies on the flat bed of a truck


that decelerates at 6 m/s2. What is the
required minimum coefficient of friction
for the crate not to slide?

11.

(II) The minimum stopping distance for


a car from an initial 100 km/h is 60 m
on level ground. What is the stopping
distance when it moves
(a) down a 10 incline;
(b) up a 10 incline? Assume that the
initial speed and the surface are
unchanged.

12.

A downhill skier starts from rest down a


40 slope for which k = 0.1.
(a) How long does it take to reach
80 km/h ?
(b) What is the distance covered? Ignore
air resistance.

13.

(I) A skier approaches a 10 incline at 80


km/h. If k = 0.1 and air resistance is
neglected, how far up the slope does she
reach? Assume that the poles are not used.

14.

(II) A 3.6-kg block on a horizontal surface


for which k = 0.3 is acted on by two
forces, as shown in the figure beside.
What is the acceleration ? Take F1 = 20 N;
F2 = 12 N ; 1 = 18O and 2 = 27O

Bab 5: Dinamika (Hukum Newton)

F2

F1

page 3 of 7

SMAK 1 BPK PENABUR Jakarta


Fisika kelas X6-7-8-Aksel semester 1
Joshua Untung W.

15.

Nama :__________________
Kls/No:__________/_______
Iman dapat membawa kita ke sorga, tetapi kasih sayang diantara sesama
yang membawa sorga ke dalam hati kita

(I) Three skaters, A, B, and C, shown in


Figure 6.41 have masses mA = 30 kg, mB
= 50 kg, and mC = 20 kg. They are
pulled along a horizontal surface for
which k = 0.1 by grabbing a horizontal
rope. The tension in the rope ahead of A is
200 N. Find:
(a) the acceleration;
(b) the tension T1 in the section of rope
between A and B;
(c) the tension T2 in the section of rope
between Band C.

16.

(I) A block is released at the top of a


20 incline. Determine the coefficient of
kinetic friction given that it slides 2.4 m
in 3 s.

17.

(II) A block of mass M is subject to the


force F shown in Fig. 6.42. The friction
coefficients are k and s.
(a) What minimum value of F will start
the block moving from rest?
(b) Show that if s = cot , the block
cannot be moved for any value of
F.
(c)

18.

To what situation does


condition k = cot apply?

the

(I) A 5-kg block is on a 37 incline for


which k = 0.1. It is acted on by a horizontal force of 25 N, as in Fig. 6.43.
(a) What is the acceleration of the block
if it is moving up the incline?
(b) Ifits initial speed is 6 m/s up the
incline, how far does it travel in 2 s?

Bab 5: Dinamika (Hukum Newton)

page 4 of 7

SMAK 1 BPK PENABUR Jakarta


Fisika kelas X6-7-8-Aksel semester 1
Joshua Untung W.

19.

Nama :__________________
Kls/No:__________/_______
Iman dapat membawa kita ke sorga, tetapi kasih sayang diantara sesama
yang membawa sorga ke dalam hati kita

(II) Block A of mass mA = 2 kg is on


block B of mass mB = 5 kg; see Fig. 6.44.
The lower block is on a frictionless
surface while s = 0.25 between the two
blocks.
(a) If the:are moving at constant velocity,
what is the frictional force between A
and B?
(b) What is the maximum horizontai
force that can be applied to B without
A slipping?

20.

(II) Block A of mass mA= 2 kg is on the


front face of cart B of mass mB = 3 kg (see
Fig. 6.45). A force of 60 N acts on mB.
What is the minimum coefficient of
friction needed for mA not to slide down?

21.

(II) Two blocks with equal masses m1 =


m2 = 5 kg are connected via a pulley, as
shown in Fig. 6.46. Take k = 0.25. Find
the acceleration given that
(a) m1 is moving down,
(b) m1 is moving up.
(c) If m2 = 6 kg, for what values of m1 will
the pair move at constant speed?

Bab 5: Dinamika (Hukum Newton)

page 5 of 7

SMAK 1 BPK PENABUR Jakarta


Fisika kelas X6-7-8-Aksel semester 1
Joshua Untung W.

Nama :__________________
Kls/No:__________/_______
Iman dapat membawa kita ke sorga, tetapi kasih sayang diantara sesama
yang membawa sorga ke dalam hati kita

22.

(II) In Fig. 6.47, when m1 = 3 kg, its


acceleration is 0.6 m/s2 When m1 = 4 kg,
its acceleration is 1.6 m/s2 Find m2 and
the frictional force acting on it. (Note that
m1 and m2 do not have the same acceleration.)

23.

(II) The horizontal force F in Fig. 6.48


accelerates the 4-kg block at 1 m/S2 to
the left. Assume f.tk = 0.5. Given that the
5 kg block moves up the slope find (a) the
value of F, and (b) the tension in the
rope. (c) If F = 10 N and the 5-kg block
moves down the slope, what is the
acceleration?

24.

(I) A pail of water-is moved in a vertical


circle of radius 80 cm. What is the
minimum speed required at the top for the
water not to spill out of the inverted pail?

25.

(I) A car travels along a hilly road as in


Fig. 6.51. The top of a hill has a radius of
curvature of 20 m.
(a) What is the maximum speed possible
if the car is not to lose contact with
the road?

(b) At this speed, what would be the


apparent weight of a 75-kg passenger
when the car is at the bottom of a
valley of radius of curvature 20 m?

Bab 5: Dinamika (Hukum Newton)

page 6 of 7

SMAK 1 BPK PENABUR Jakarta


Fisika kelas X6-7-8-Aksel semester 1
Joshua Untung W.

Nama :__________________
Kls/No:__________/_______
Iman dapat membawa kita ke sorga, tetapi kasih sayang diantara sesama
yang membawa sorga ke dalam hati kita

26.

(I) A circular off ramp has a radius of


60 m and a posted speed limit of 60 km/h.
If the road is horizontal, what is the
minimum coefficient of friction required?

27.

(II) A car travels at speed v around a


frictionless curve of radius r that is
banked at an angle to the horizontal.
Show that the proper angle of banking is
given by tan = v2/rg.

28.

(II) A 70-kg pilot flies an airplane, at 400


km/h in a turn of radius 2 km, as shown in
Fig. 6.52.
(a) At what angle to the horizontal are
the wings?

(b) What is the pilot's apparent weight?


The aerodynamic lift force is
perpendicular to the wings.

Bab 5: Dinamika (Hukum Newton)

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