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GEOTHERMAL POWER SOLUTIONS

Hydro Wind Geothermal Solar Ocean Biomass Nuclear Coal Gas Oil Air Quality Control Systems Power Automation and Controls Lifecycle Management CO2 Solutions

POWER

Welcome to Alstom Power


25
percent of the worlds power production capacity depends on Alstom technology employees around the world in 70 countries years of industry leading expertise
Alstom is a global leader in power generation with a portfolio of products covering all fuel types. From fossil and biomass to nuclear and renewables, close to 25% of the worlds power production capacity depends on Alstom technology or services. Whether in design, manufacture, procurement or servicing, Alstom is setting the benchmark for innovative technologies that provide clean, efficient, flexible and integrated power solutions. Alstom can supply anything from single components to complete turnkey power plants. Our Plant IntegratorTM approach and power automation and control solutions ensure the optimisation of all elements to derive the maximum lifetime value from all our customers investments. Alstom has more than 100 years of experience in engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) of new power plants. But our engineers are also experts in retrofitting, modernising and servicing existing plants. With operations in 70 countries, Alstom is close to customers all over the world, ensuring rapid responses and service excellence at all times.

52.000 100

Provider of the cleanest integrated power

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Clean power from the planets core


The Alstom advantages From the global view to the ne details................................... page 04
An impressive track record and portfolio of proven products. A global footprint.

From components to turnkey solutions Optimising the value chain............................. page 08


From procurement of the opportunity, through construction, to operation and maintenance, Alstom optimises every decision to add long-term value.

Tough technology Protecting performance by design..................................................... page 10


Engineering for longevity with superior materials and tried and tested design. Plant offerings and scopes adapted to your needs with performance as the priority.

Service and maintenance Maximising performance and longevity................................ page 12


Meeting the operational, maintenance and support needs of geothermal power producers.

References Geothermal experience over decades........................................................... page 14


50 years of production in New Zealand, cost effective field expansion in Mexico and positioning in one of the worlds largest potential geothermal markets.

Access to reliable and affordable power is the key to an improved standard of living for everyone. However, it is essential that this power be produced without negative environmental side effects. Alstoms Plant Integrator solutions maximise

performance, while our extensive range of environmental products enable us to supply the cleanest power plants in the industry. Alstoms Clean Power Today strategy recognises the need to improve the environmental balance of legacy plants, while increasing the adoption of new clean energy solutions.

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The Alstom

From the

CLeaN Power ToDaY!


As one of the most reliable of the renewable energy resources, geothermal power plays a key role in Alstoms clean power offering. Irrespective of weather conditions, a geothermal plant will provide a steady output and respond easily to changes in demand. Alstom pioneered the commercial exploitation of geothermal power in New Zealand in the 1950s. Today, we offer geothermal solutions worldwide, based on our global footprint and technological lead.

PLaNt INteGratorTM
Improving the efficiency of a power plant depends on fine tuning complex interactions between diverse sub-systems. Building on decades of turnkey solutions expertise, Alstom is able to reframe any specific question in terms of the impact on the overall availability and flexibility of the plant. We call it the Plant IntegratorTM approach: it helps operators to maximise their total plant performance while fully complying with environmental, regulatory and commercial constraints.

LifeCYcLe MaNaGemeNt
When considering the environmental balance of a given fuel type or technology, one has to take into account the full lifecycle. This means assessing the entire process from procurement and construction to operation and maintenance. Alstoms support and commitment throughout the component or plant lifecycle allows owners to maximise their return on investment while minimising negative environmental side effects.

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global view to the ne details


Alstom is a proven leader in harnessing of geothermal energy. We offer modular and adaptable solutions based on state-of-the-art technology, honed by years of experience and delivered through a global organisation.
In 1958 Alstom pioneered the construction of the worlds first large-scale commercial geothermal power plant in Wairakei, New Zealand. Today Alstom remains committed to staying at the cutting edge of geothermal innovation and offers a range of world-class modular solutions for rapid and cost-effective deployment. Besides an extensive portfolio of proven technologies, Alstom can create custom-made solutions for the most challenging and innovative geothermal applications.

advantages

Turbine expertise
At the heart of any geothermal power plant is the steam turbine. With more than 100 years of experience in all types of steam turbines, Alstom offers high-performance solutions for the geothermal environment. Our products combine efficient designs and advanced blading, robust coatings and system control architectures to deliver optimum performance and extend component life.

A centre of competence with global reach


The headquarters of Alstoms geothermal business is in Morelia, in the State of Michoacn, Mexico. From this centre of competence, Alstom can deliver geothermal solutions to customers anywhere in the world. Alstoms geothermal business leverages our extensive engineering, manufacturing, sourcing and project management base spread across the globe. Alstoms expertise in geothermal components and turnkey plants is supported by a global network of local service centres, giving us a global reach and the ability to serve customers wherever the opportunity surfaces.
Rugby (UK) Engineering Services Paris (France) Pumps, Control Systems Belfort (France) Turbines, Turbogenerators Morelia (Mexico) Geothermal Headquarters Turbines, Turbogenerators Manufacturing Mannheim (Germany) Turbines Engineering Services Bexbach (Germany) Turbine Blades, Vanes Birr (Switzerland) Turbine Rotors, Blades Elblag (Poland) Turbines, Foundry Engineering Services

Wuhan (China) Engineering Services Delhi (India) Engineering Services Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia) Engineering Services Surabaya (Indonesia) Operations, Manufacturing

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Alstom offers a complete portfolio of power generation equipment and services for all fuel types. By 2030 the world will have seen a significant change in the power generation mix with an increased share of renewable power. Alstom has a strong role to play in the booming geothermal power market.

From components to

Power plant development


Geothermal energy is available adjacent to porous and fractured hot rock along the earths tectonic plate fault lines. Once a suitable site is located, Alstom can help you analyse the geothermal resource and design a suitably optimised plant configuration adapted to the local climate, geology and terrain. Our goal is to increase your project realisation chances while lowering your development risk. We procure opportunities for our customers with the following services: Geothermal steam analysis Early stage plant configuration Project planning and advisory services

Turbine and component supply


Geothermal turbines must withstand corrosive impurities, wet steam and seismic conditions. Building on Alstoms extensive experience in industrial, conventional and nuclear steam turbines, we offer robust designs and durable components that are adapted to the challenges of the geothermal steam resources. All our plant systems are designed to resist wear and damage and to facilitate practical inspection, maintenance and replacement. We engineer reliable solutions with the following services: Turbine selection and design Component and material sourcing Manufacturing Transport and assembly

Our engineering team assesses steam conditions, site location and commercial requirements to help you optimise the plant configuration and maximise project value.

PLaNt INteGrator
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turnkey solutions

Optimising the value chain

Power plant construction


As the engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) provider, Alstom has commissioned more than 360 conventional steam power plants during the last 30 years. Drawing on this expertise, Alstom now provides full EPC services for geothermal power plants. We construct optimised solutions covering the: Steam receiving Turbine and generator Condensing, gas ejection and cooling system Power plant distributed control system (DCS) Piping, valves and power island balance of plant (BOP) Electrical cabling and high-voltage power export Civil engineering Plant construction management

Operation and maintenance


Having supplied major components to more than 1170GW of power generation around the world, Alstom is not just a leading global original equipment manufacturer (OEM) and an EPC provider. In addition, we are also responsible for the operation and maintenance (O&M) of a major portion of non-Alstom equipment and plants worldwide. The base-load nature of geothermal steam plants means that unplanned downtime is especially costly. We recognise the tension between maintaining everyday baseload plant output and the need to undertake preventative measures to avoid costly unplanned outages. We offer a range of operation and maintenance services packaged either as long-term service agreements combined with the plant warranty, or as troubleshooting services on a case-by-case basis.

Adding long-term value


The Plant IntegratorTM approach creates added value for the client by optimising the entire value chain and the overall plant performance. As an OEM, EPC and O&M provider, Alstom has a unique perspective that allows the analysis of the whole plant and the full lifecycle as an integrated system. Using proven models and established benchmarks, specific investment costs can be understood in their true context. By revealing the impact on the key performance parameters efficiency, reliability and availability, we help you to understand direct investments in terms of the ultimate impact on plant profitability.

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Protecting performance

Tough

Proven and validated technology


The geothermal products and services offered by Alstom incorporate the latest know-how and technology focussed on the particular challenges of the geothermal industry. Alstom turbines offer the ideal combination of performance and durability. In geothermal, we use robust direct drive turbines to cope with the demands of wet steam with dissolved impurities. By working with optimised blade forms, fewer stages and broader clearances, our turbines cope reliably with even the most challenging steam compositions. Flexible configurations: Alstom can provide plant from 15 MW to 135 MW in order to meet each customers needs: Smallest plant layout of approximately 15-35 MW using single flow turbine module For mediu m size plants (35-65MW): plant layout based around our single flow module in 50Hz and double flow module in 60Hz For larger steam fields with proven steam resources in 50Hz markets Alstom offers power plant sizes in the 65-135MW range based around a double-flow turbine configuration, which offers both excellent performance and economies of scale. For each project, Alstom always take into account issues like safety, cost effectiveness and to offer the most optimised solution.

Selected Design Features


The plant layout and component design protect auxiliary and electrical systems from corrosion that could occur during steam venting. To reduce erosion of the moving blades, efficient Alstom water traps drain excessive steam condensate between each turbine stage. Instant closure of the inlet valves is critical to the safety of a geothermal plant. Alstom valves are specially designed to prevent blocking through fouling or scaling. 10 Labyrinth seals are used for the main shaft, these being simple, robust and easily maintained. Triple control security prevents backflow from the condenser to the turbine. The design of Alstoms steam strainer reduces particle ingressions with a minimum pressure drop. Hybrid ejector and vacuum pump systems extract noncondensable gases from the condenser to maintain condenser efficiency. The Alstom distributed control system (DCS) minimises false alarms and maximises plant protection.

Materials
Alstom geothermal steam turbines are built with special steel alloys and are heat-treated to protect against the corrosive effects of dissolved gases, impurities and water droplets. Induction hardening or stellite shielding can be employed to extend the lifetime of the last-stage blades where lower temperatures increase the risk of water droplet erosion.

by robust and proven designs

technology

EPC and service offerings


Our flexible plant offering can be fully adapted to your needs. Because there is no reliability without assured steam quality, Alstom insists on a minimum scope of the steam enhancement and power island systems. However, by ordering a complete turnkey power plant, Alstom can take care of every aspect of design, engineering, procurement and construction. Owners, especially independent power producers, can also benefit from the addition of an Alstom extended service contract to cover the day-to-day running and maintenance of the plant. As a leading global O&M provider Alstom can tailor a package to exactly suit your plant and business strategy.

Flexible, modular scope for maximum customer value

Full Scope turnkey power plant CompoNeNt Scope power island


Steam turbine and auxilliaries Generator Condenser Hotwell pumps Instrumentation and control system Delivery, erection and commissioning Steam receiving system Power plant layout and design Civil works Piping, valves and balance of plant Gas ejection and cooling system Plant control and electrical system High voltage switchyard Delivery, erection and commissioning Construction, project management and execution

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Service and

Maximising

A partnership for performance


When you choose Alstom as your OEM, EPC or O&M provider you are buying into a wealth of steam-turbine know-how and experience. In addition, as a full-service provider, we offer contracts, tailored to meet all your operational, maintenance and support requirements for geothermal power plants. Alstoms O&M contracts are a transparent set of answers to the business critical questions that every power plant owner faces. We focus on speed in response, flexibility, lead times in project execution and tailored solutions that suit best to requirements of geothermal plant customers. Alstom's service and maintenance strategies aim to: Improve generation efficiency Maximise availability Extend component and system lifetimes The keys to achieving these goals lie in system and component optimisation, effective planned maintenance and suitable upgrades and retrofits. In accordance with our clean power strategy, we always consider profitability and commercial excellence in the wider context of environmental, health and safety considerations.

Consulting & Support


We help customers maximise plant performance, availability and reliability by offering performance and lifetime assessments, training, monitoring and diagnostics. Advanced analysis of fleet-wide data allows us to help you reduce risks and optimise availability.

Parts
With Alstom, youll never be without the parts you need. Apart from off-the-shelf spares, we offer repairs and reconditioning as well as custom-made components. Our advanced component management system ensures the traceability of parts, accessibility of data and competitiveness of pricing.

Field Service
There is always an Alstom engineer close at hand. Supported by our global centre of geothermal competence in Morelia, Mexico, the local service network provides a rapid response capability to reduce outage time and increase performance.

O&M contracts
We offer a portfolio of operation and maintenance contracts based on performance commitments and incentives. The flexible offering covers engineering, products and services over the plants full lifecycle and can be tuned to match your business objectives.

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performance and longevity

maintenance

Alstom's energy management products can add value by:


Increasing plant reliability Increasing plant efficiency Increasing plant operational flexibility and availability Improving asset scheduling Improving power quality

ALSPA the brain behind the power added value


Alstom is a world leader in the field of automation and energy management. We provide state-of-the-art solutions for power plant automation, control, protection and optimisation as well as the management of grid connections and substation equipment. With our in-depth knowledge of the power plant assets, we can design and deliver automation and control solutions that are tailored to your needs. The Alstom power automation product line ALSPA extends across the entire plant, from the control room with plant management, operation and optimisation tools, through plant and machine automation, to asset management and remote diagnostics systems. The ALSPA Series 6 is a very scalable system which can be as easily implemented on a very large thermal power plant as on a small geothermal power plant. It incorporates, within consistent sets of hardware and networks, all key processes for control, optimisation, protection and advanced asset condition monitoring. Using an advanced architecture, ALSPA offers an unparalleled level of control, integration and performance enhancement for a geothermal power plant.

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References

Geothermal plants that stand

Worldwide presence
At the commonly used depths of up to 3,000 meters, accessible geothermal resources are unevenly distributed, concentrated near tectonic plate boundaries where the Earths crust is thinner. 24 countries produce geothermal electricity, most of them in the Pacifics Ring of Fire. The vast majority of generation capacity is concentrated in a handful of countries: the U.S, the Philippines, Indonesia, Mexico, Iceland and New Zealand. Alstoms geothermal competence, based out of Mexico, leverages the full global reach of the Alstom network.

Alstom installed base*


El Salvador: 10MW French West Indies: 5MW Indonesia: 20MW Mexico: 161MW (111MW in operation, 50MW in execution) New Zealand: 191MW * Status mid 2011

With more than 52,000 employees in 70 countries around the globe, Alstom Power combines local presence and knowledge with global resources in order to deliver the technology and service that meet the high expectations and needs of our customers.

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the test of time

CASE STUDY

Over 50 years of efficient production

Wairakei

New Zealand
The Wairakei plant is a reference case for Alstom innovation: it was the second geothermal plant in the world to begin commercial operation and the first to exploit very hot water as the source of steam. With suitable retrofits and upgrades, the Wairakei plant has operated steadily for more than 50 years at 90% of maximum output, supporting New Zealands renewable energy requirements. Customer:............................. Contact Energy Limited Steam source:....................... Single flash geothermal steam Electrical output:.................. 2 x 6.5MW, 8 x 11MW, 3 x 30MW Commercial operation:......... 1958 Scope Design Engineering Implementation Erection and commissioning

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CASE STUDY

Competence in a key growth market

Lahendong
Indonesia
With nearly 200 active volcanoes and 100 geothermal fields spread over its territory, Indonesia possesses an estimated 40% of the worlds total geothermal potential. Located in the province of North Sulawesi, the Lahendong geothermal power plant provides electricity to the Minahasa district, about 30km south of the provinces capital city Manado. Operating as baseload power since 2001, Unit 1 of the Lahendong geothermal power plant represents one of the cleanest and most cost-effective sources of electric power available in Indonesia. Customer:............................ Perusahaan Listrik Negara (PLN) Steam source:...................... Single flash geothermal steam Electrical output:................. 1 x 20MW Commercial operation:......... 2001 Scope Project management Engineering and site supervision Power island Mechanical balance of plant

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CASE STUDY

Most cost-effective source of clean electricity

Los Azufres
Mexico
Mexico is the fourth largest geothermal energy producer worldwide after the USA, the Philippines and Indonesia. The Los Azufres II geothermal power plant is located in the Mexican state of Michoacan, 200 km west of Mexico City and only 80 km east of Alstoms Morelia manufacturing site, a state-of-the-art centre in the manufacturing and assembly of turbines, generators, large-sized-diaphragm and blade fabrication. Operating as baseload power since opening in 2003, units 13 16 at Los Azufres II feed the nations electrical distribution grid and in total are capable of producing more than 800 GWh of clean electricity per year. In addition, these units represent one of the most cost-effective sources of electricity available in Mexico. Customer:............................ Comisin Federal de Electricidad (CFE) Steam source:...................... Single flash geothermal plant Electrical output:................. 4 x 25MW Commercial operation:......... Unit 13 April 2003 ........................................... Unit 14 May 2003 ........................................... Unit 15 May 2003 ........................................... Unit 16 June 2003 Scope Project management Engineering and site supervision Power island Mechanical balance of plant Civil work Cooling tower HV substation 17

CASE STUDY

Integrated turnkey geothermal power plant

Los Humeros
Mexico
In 2009, Alstom was awarded a turnkey contract for Los Humeros II Phase A, followed by a turnkey contract in January 2010 for Phase B, located in the Mexican state of Puebla. Los Humeros II geothermal power plant will use the geothermal resource using drilled wells to extract steam from a depth of up to 2,000 meters where the geothermal reservoir is located. When completed in May 2012, the plants will produce more than 400 GWh of clean electricity reducing Mexicos CO2 emissions by 230,000 tonnes per year.

Customer:............................ Comisin Federal de Electricidad (CFE) Steam source:...................... Single flash geothermal plant Electrical output:................. 2 x 25MW Commercial operation:......... 2012 Scope Project management Engineering and site supervision Power island Mechanical balance of plant Civil work Cooling tower HV substation

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PWER/BGENE/LSTHDR10/eng/HYD/05.12/FR/7237 ALSTOM 2012. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Alstom Geothermal

Alstom 4 avenue Andr Malraux 92308 Levallois-Perret France

Phone: +52 44 33 22 71 00

www.alstom.com/power

Eje Oriente-Poniente No. 3 Ciudad Industrial, C.P. 58200 Morelia, Michoacan Mexico