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Challenges and Issues in Agriculture Agrofood Industrys Target Until Year 2020 National Agrofood Policy (NAP), 2011-2020 Development of Specific Agrofood Industries

NATIONAL AGROFOOD POLICY - Ministry of Agriculture and Agro based Industry (MOA)

Third National Agriculture Policy (NAP3)

NATIONAL COMMODITY INDUSTRIES POLICY - Ministry of Plantation Industries and Commodities (MPIC)

Global Scenarios
Rising in Food Prices
Global Cereal Prices, 1990-2020

Increase in Agriculture Input Prices

Input Prices Outpace Food Prices

Global Scenarios (Cont)

Increase in Global Population

Increase in Utilisation of Food Commodities for Bioenergy

World Population Growth

The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2012) about 870 million people are undernourished

Competition in land use for food production vs. Bioenergy (increase from 8% (2008) to 20% (2050))

Agriculture growth effective in reducing hunger and malnutrition

40% global cereal production (2030) bioenergy


Domestic Scenarios
Challenges 1. Ensuring Sufficient Food Supply (Food Security) Issues Limited land resources / idle land Lack of workforce Lack of infrastructure Lack of funding Incidence of disease & pest

2. Enhance the competitiveness Low competitiveness & productivity & reduce trade deficit Less generation, transfer & commercialization of R & D Weak of food supply chain 3. Controlling the Consumer Price Index 4. Increase and sustain the productivity Increase in production cost Practices along the value chain that are less environmentally friendly Waste of output from post-harvest to table The role of PPK by region Low in private sector investment

5. Strengthening the business environment

Domestic Scenarios (Cont)

Challenges 6. Rationalization of approach Issues New need & demand to rationalize the program to meet the objectives of NAP, to increase production, to increase farmers income and to be competitive & sustainable. Mechanization To increase productivity How to engage with supply chain management. Cooperative can have bigger role to manage the supply chain from farm to table

7. Adoption of technology transfer 8. Roles of farmers

Competitive Advantages of Malaysias Agriculture Sector

Humid tropical weather and heavy rainfall.
Non-seasonal climate protected from natural disasters

Abundant natural resources

4,675km coastline Mega-Diversity country for Edible Birds Nest (EBN) ranching
Malaysias Competitive Advantages

Land Bank
Large palm oil plantation, integrated with other crops or livestock Fertile land for farming

Geographical Location
Central location for products to reach strategic markets
Located within the coral triangle which produces 80% of Kappa Carrageenan seaweeds in the world

Malaysias unique position within the Asian region

Europe 13 - 15 hours by air 17 19 days by sea

Middle East 7 - 8 hours by air 8 - 9 days by sea

Southern China 6 hours by air 6 days by sea

Australia 6 8 hours by air 6 - 8 days by sea

8 Hours by Air and 9 days by Sea 2030 - Asia expected to contribute 60% of Global Income, 900 million middle income group, USD 90 bn aquaculture & USD 40 bn Horticulture and Malaysias import of RM 2.5 bn in 2006

Agrofood Industrys Target Until Year 2020


Agro Food Production Forecast, 2011-2020 (000 mt)


Self Sufficiency Level for Key Food Commodities


Land Use and Labour Force Forecast

Land Use Forecast, 2010-2020

Forecast of Agrofood Labour Force, 2010-2020

(11%) (13%)

669,000 people (4.6% total labour force) Productivity RM45,000



586,000 people (5.0% total labour force) Productivity RM32,000


When all people at all times have access to sufficient, safe, nutritious food to maintain a healthy and active life

Food security exists when all people, at all times have physical and economic access to sufficient safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life.


Ministries involved in Agriculture



NAPs Objectives

To ensure adequate food security that is safe to eat To make agrofood industry as a competitive and sustainable industry

To increase agro based entrepreneurs level of income


NAPs Strategic Directions

Outlined the development strategies of agro food industry towards the significant contribution in the national economic growth

1 Ensure National Food Security

Increasing food production Increasing food access Stabilizing food prices Ensuring food safety & nutrition Exploring the Potential of High Value Agriculture Products Increasing the Productivity Through the Use of Intensification of Agriculture Factors Expanding the Agro-Based Industry

Increase the Contribution of Agro Food Industry

3 Completing the Value Chain

Developing the Integrated &Sustainable Cluster Dynamics Strengthening the Local & Global Markets Web Integrating Sustainability Practices & Traceability Systems as a Part of Value Chain
Providing the Knowledgeable & Well Trained of Agricultural Employment Creating the Agricultural Entrepreneur Generation with Progressive Mindset

Empowering Human Capital

NAPs Strategic Directions

Outlined the development strategies of agro food industry towards the significant contribution in the national economic growth

Strengthen the Activities of R&D, Innovation and the Use of Technology

Creating a Conducive Environment for Stimulating Creativity & Innovation Intensifying commercialization of R & D and Developing Innovative Products Extending Mechanization, Automation & Technology Transfer Effectively

6 Creating the Environment for Private Sectors Led Businesses

Providing Integrated & Complete Infrastructure & Info structure Facilitating the procedure of Agriculture Related Business Activities Providing Competitive Investment Incentives to Attract More Local & Foreign Investment Enhancing Financing & Risk Sharing Access Strengthening the Role of Agricultural SMEs, Rationalizing subsidies & Minimizing Market Distortions

7 Strengthening the Delivery System

Rationalizing the Roles & Functions of Agriculture Departments/ Agencies Strengthening the Role of Agricultural Organizations Develop a Strategic Industry Development Council Strengthening the Agricultural Service Delivery through the Involvement of Various stakeholders

Development of Specific Agrofood Industries


Paddy Rice

Self-sufficiency level (SSL) = 70% (to be reviewed from time to time by taking into account food security, global market and the relative import costs) Production focused on the granary area and existing area in Sabah & Sarawak Initiatives to improve productivity (precision farming, water management & new variety) Stock piling of rice (45 days) Structuring incentives and subsidies

Captured Fisheries

Sustainable management of fisheries resources Management of fisheries infrastructure Workforce development for deep sea fishing Reorganization of coastal fisheries - Fishers Transformation Program & Community Based Resource Management Program


Development of targeted area (TAC, Satellite Farm, Integration) R & D (Animal feed & breed) Towards Disease-free status Centralized slaughtering plants



Intensity level = 1.8 - 2.5 cycles per year (fertigation, precision farming, Home Protector Rain) Additional area of 8,000 ha; Permanent Food Production Park, vacant land, cluster projects, organic farming & crop integration Products - organic vegetable products



Increase Productivity (9.6 mt / ha - 12.9 mt / ha) Focus to the export fruits (pineapple, star fruit, watermelon, papaya, banana, mango, jackfruit, guava, durian, rambutan and mangosteen) R & D (varieties, disease control, quality assurance)


Additional of new ZIA = 12,000 ha Export on concentration species (sea bass, tilapia, grouper, lobster & sea shrimp) Guarantee for consistency and quality of fry/seed supply R & D (aquaculture feed, seed & disease study)