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ISSUE 703 | NOVEMBER 11 - 17, 2013

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Sunkist builds buzz with novel campaign

Orange might not be everyones favourite hue but an increasing number of Yangon buildings are being decked out in the Sunkist logo and colour.

In Rakhine State, patients not politics

The government should support, rather than politicise, the principles that guide the work of international non-government organisations.

World Bank issues warning on rising prices

Government needs to keep careful tabs on ination, the World Bank says, as gures show consumer prices rose 7.33 percent in the year to August.

Kachin Independence Army deputy leader General Gun Maw is greeted by well-wishers while travelling from Laiza to Myitkyina on November 3.


Despite optimism, no agreement on national ceasere

Ethnic leaders received a rapturous welcome as they arrived in Myitkyina from Laiza on November 3 for talks with the government on the proposed nationwide ceasere. But negotiators at the largest meeting of its kind in 60 years struggled to break a deadlock over the text of the ceasere agreement with the future of ethnic armies a major stumbling block.

Outskirts Dagon: Y angons new darling

Residents are eeing expensive and crowded inner-city suburbs for the relative peace and quiet of North, South and East Dagon.


Fighting words from a general

In an exclusive interview, Lieutenant General Myint Soe the senior army representative at peace talks in Myitkyina says the Tatmadaw does not need to relinquish its role in politics, and is fully behind the presidents peace push. NEWS 8


Page 2

online editor Kayleigh Long | kayleighelong@gmail.com

THE INSIDER: The local lowdown & best of the web

From December 12, the weekly print edition of Americas nest news source will cease production. While it will be business as usual for The Onions website and YouTube channel, the hard copy distributed in Milwaulkee, Chicago and Providence is slated to end its 25-year print run. Its sad to see a print edition no longer exist, said company president Mike McAvoy, but its important to see The Onion succeed. The Onions satire paper edition was started in 1988 by two juniors at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, and sold a year on. subjects emotional functions, using their perception as a basis for psychological interpretation. The image featured on the google.com homepage, and invited Twitter users to contribute their ideas on what it represented under the hashtag #RorschachDoodle. This drew lighthearted suggestions from bears high ving to gnomes ghting, while some were signicantly darker and gave cause for some serious introspection. I am seeing only demented animal masks. Am I a psychopath?, tweeted one 13-year-old girl. A recent report in a Malay-language tabloid has revealed spa-cummassage parlours in the capital of Kuala Lumpur are dispensing with oil in favour of cream cheese, providing a niche, gourmet new offering in the countrys bustling and increasingly crowded erotic massage industry. The Harian Metro said its reporters had discovered, in the course of their investigation into the citys sex industry, that it was possible to be smeared in cream cheese and then licked clean by a masseuse. This activity is a serious disease in todays society, said Subang Jaya town council ofcial Azfarizal Abdul Rashid.

On November 8, Google marked what would have been the 129th birthday of Swiss psychiatrist Hermann Rorschach, with a doodle based on his famed inkblot test. The Rorschach test examines the


When Myanmar was Burma...

Archival material provided by Pansodan Gallery


Getting in the mood for the SEA Games

A 1970s edition of socialist propaganda journal Forward on the buildup to the Olympic Games


Eaindray Khin for NOW! magazine. Photo: Phone Myint (Ngwe Taung Tan Studio)


News 3

INGOs pull out of Rakhine State township after protest

NGOs leave Pauktaw on recommendation of local authorities after a protest against their presence on November 3
KAYLEIGH LONG kayleighelong@gmail.com TIM MCLAUGHLIN timothy.mclaughlin3@gmail.com AT least three international nongovernment organisations working in Rakhine State have temporarily suspended their activities in Pauktaw township, including its IDP camps, after an outbreak of violence near the Sin Ta Maw camp prompted protests against international aid groups. A protest on November 3 attracted some 300 people, who carried signs decrying the perceived bias of the United Nations and NGOs toward the Muslim community. The decision to call staff back from Pauktaw was precautionary and hopefully temporary, the coordinator from one organisation said, asking not to be named. Local authorities had strongly recommended the organisations leave the township to avoid potential unrest. Our prime concern will always be the safety of the staff, said one project coordinator, adding that his organisation planned to resume normal activities as soon as possible. We will continue to monitor the situation and see if we can operate. The shutdown will affect not just humanitarian services to IDP camps but also long-running development projects in the Rakhine community. The protests against the international aid presence in the region followed an incident on November 2 in which Muslim IDPs clashed with security forces. Several Rohingya IDPs who had been shot in the clashes were transferred by international NGOs from Pauktaw to Sittwe for treatment. Two injured Rakhine people were reportedly transferred to hospital on a boat organised by Rakhine community, prompting some to claim that the Muslim IDP camp residents had been given preferential treatment. The incident added further fuel to the perception in some segments of the Rakhine community that aid is distributed unfairly. The accusations of bias have been refuted by international NGOS, with a representative from the International Committee for the Red Cross emphasising that their organisation operates without discrimination.
Photo: Staff

Govt to consider review of power pricing

WIN KO KO LATT winkolatt2012@gmail.com THE Union Government will consider a parliamentary push to review recent power price rises and submit a response to the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw, possibly this week, the deputy minister for electric power said on November 8. I will submit what the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw [requested] to the Cabinet and will reply to the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw as soon as possible, deputy minister U Aung Than Oo said. He said the government needed to increase prices because the Ministry of Electric Power is losing K185 billion every year. He made the comments after listening to criticism of the price hike from six MPs. Pyithu Hluttaw representative U Aye Mauk submitted a proposal to review the rise, which will see households pay K50 for every unit consumed above 100 units. The rst 100 units will be priced at the old rate of K35. U Aye Mauk said this would impact on too many low-income households. The ministry should review it ... because most households use 200 or 300 units a month, he said, suggesting K40 or K50 be charged after the rst 300 units. He did not comment on increases in prices for industrial customers but criticised the timing of the move, saying pricing should remain steady during the nancial year. If we need to increase electricity prices it should be done at the start of the nancial year, otherwise it complicates the budget. U Win Oo, the Pyithu Hluttaw representative for Yebyu, also called for the higher rate to kick in only after 300 units. Grassroots people cannot afford to pay that much, he said.

Demonstrators call for the United Nations and international NGOs to leave Rakhine State during a protest in Yangon in 2012.

MSF mission head Peter-Paul de Groote took the unusual step of penning an op-ed (see page 12) to explain the circumstances surrounding the incident, and the complex and often delicate situation INGOs and government departments must navigate to provide health care and other services in Rakhine State. Pierre Pron, a public information and advocacy officer at the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), described recent developments in Rakhine State as carrying an aura of intimidation. Anti-NGO sentiment is being stoked by material disseminated both online and in pamphlet form. While it is not entirely clear who is distributing the material, Mr Pron said local authorities have a responsibility to clamp down on it. The activities of international organisations are being affected in a number of ways. In Sittwe, landlords

are being put under pressure not to rent property to foreigners, and NGOS face increasing difficulty hiring and retaining local staff. A group calling itself the Organisation for the Protection of Nationalism and Religion in Pauktaw distributed pamphlets calling for an end to all NGO and INGO activities in the region. It also called for the enforcement of the 1982 citizenship law, increased protection for Rakhine communities, greater restrictions on the movements of Bengalis, and an investigation into a cattle-stealing row that caused rifts in the township last month. Security in IDP camps across Rakhine State has been increased in response to the recent violence and protests. Director of the Rakhine State Ministry of Health Dr Aye Nyein told The Myanmar Times that as many as 50 extra police officers have been assigned to each camp around Sittwe to ensure peace and stability.

He also responded to reports that patients had been discharged from Sittwe General Hospitals Muslim ward. He said some had been moved out for their own safety because of protests but these patients were either in good health or receiving treatment off-site. There is no problem with the Bengali patients, he said. Dr Aye Nyein called for understanding and said the authorities and community leaders would work together to improve understanding about the role of international aid groups. We cannot stop the problems without the help of the NGOs and the INGOs, he said. Some of the people misunderstood the INGOs, but we will make discussions with community leaders and senior officers to negotiate. Pierre Peron echoed the sentiment. I think we need to improve communication to the community, make more efforts to open more dialogue.

4 News


Power protesters vow to fight on


ELECTRICITY price rises have sparked two days of protests, and activists say more is on the way unless the price is cut. About 30 people, led by a civil society group, Generation Youths, took part on a candlelit march from Anawrahta Road to City Hall at 6pm on November 6. This increase in the electricity price has pushed consumer prices up and made it hard for me to manage my familys income, Daw Mya Hnin Si, a housewife from Bahan township, told The Myanmar Times on November 6. Daw Mya Hnin Si and others said they joined the marchers because of the abrupt way the ministry raised the prices, without giving any warning. Despite the price rise we still have to deal with power cuts. The government is selling power to neighbouring countries because we have a surplus, said protester U Ba Myint, 67. Poor people will suffer as a result of price rises, he added. Another member of the protest group, U Thein Aung Myint, said, The Ministry of Electric Power decided to

increase rates without warning the public or hluttaw, which is supposed to represent the public. Now the price of ice and cold drinks is up, and so is private health care. Kyauktada and Pabedan police arrested three men for taking part in the unauthorised demonstration but they were bailed overnight. One of the men arrested on November 6, Generation Youths member Ko Tin Htut Paing, said the protests would continue until rates went down again. We are not going to stop protesting, because we believe that we are representing the public, he said. On November 7, protesters walked from Myaynigone junction to the Yangon Electricity Supply Board office. I am a farmer and I also do some tailoring. Im worried I wont be able to earn enough to cover these price rises, said Daw Myat Myat Moe of Kyeemyindaing township, who took part in the November 7 protest. A police spokesperson from Kyauktada police station said action could be taken against the protestors under section 18 of the peaceful protest law. Those found guilty of violating section 18 face up to one year in prison. The Ministry of Electric Power announced on October 29 that household prices would rise from K35 to K50 for every unit used above 100 units each month, while industry will pay K100 for the rst 5000 units and K150 above that.

Indonesian plotted on Facebook to attack embassy

A SUSPECTED Indonesian extremist plotted with other Islamic militants on Facebook to bomb the Myanmar embassy to avenge the deaths of Rohingya Muslims, a Jakarta court heard last week at the start of his trial. Separiano, 29, is accused of planning to attack the mission in Jakarta in May as anger in Muslim-majority Indonesia grew at persecution of the Rohingya in predominantly Buddhist Myanmar. Police arrested the accused, who like many Indonesians goes by one name, after foiling the plot when they caught two men on motorbike carrying pipe bombs the night before the planned attack. Prosecutor Susilo told the South Jakarta District Court on November 6 that Separiano had been radicalised over several years after attending sermons by an extremist preacher at a central Jakarta mosque. The suspect, who had studied bomb-making on the internet and had bought materials to make bombs, met other extremists on Facebook, the prosecutor said. Among those he met was the alleged mastermind of the plot, Sigit Indrajid, who leads the Negara Islam Indonesia group, which translates as the Islamic State of Indonesia. In April the defendant often logged on to his Facebook account and chatted with Sigit, who posted a lot of news about the Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar, which attracted a

Two women walk while holding candles near Yangons Sule Pagoda on November 6 to demonstrate against recent power price rises. Photo: Thiri

We will set off the explosion as a surprise for the embassy.

Facebook message posted by alleged Jakarta embassy bomb plot mastermind Sigit Indrajid

lot of comments saying there should be retaliation against the indel Buddhists, the prosecutor said. At one point Indrajid posted on Facebook that people should target the Myanmar embassy to avenge the slaughter of Muslims in Myanmar. We will set off our explosion as a surprise for the embassy ahead of a demonstration by a radical group, Susilo said. In response, Separiano replied, Yes, OK. When police arrested him, they seized chemicals and instructions for bomb-making that had been bought by the defendant and several others accused over the plot. Separiano, who appeared in court wearing an orange top with detainee written on it, is charged under two anti-terrorism laws. He is accused of attempting to commission an act of terrorism or assisting in the commission of such an act; and plotting to commit a terrorist act that could result in victims or damage to buildings. Sigit and another man meanwhile have also been apprehended and are due to stand trial. The plot to attack the embassy followed several outbreaks of unrest in Myanmar, which have exposed deep fractures in the country and cast a shadow over political reforms. AFP

6 News


Sunkist builds buzz with novel ad campaign

MYaT NOE OO TIm MCLaUGhlIn UNTIL September, the apartment building owned by Daw Hnin Aye had little to set it apart from other ageing complexes in Yangons crowded Tarmwe township. Fading tiles adorn the faade and blue SkyNet satellite dishes sit on tenants balconies. The building was remarkable only for its height: At eight storeys, it is the tallest building at the corner of Banyardala and Kyaikkasan roads. But after twice rebuffing proposals from Myanmar Distribution Group (MDG) to use the side of her building as a marketing canvas for its Sunkist soft drink brand, Daw Hnin Aye nally relented after the company agreed to use paint rather than vinyl. I nally accepted their request to use my building for the Sunkist advertisement using paint because I believed it wouldnt bother any of the tenants, she said, adding that she had been worried that the vinyl signing would block tenants windows. Days later, painters dangled precariously from the buildings side with litres of orange paint. She is now the owner of one of Yangons Sunkist buildings, the name given by residents to the citys apartment blocks that have been adorned with the soft drink brands massive murals. The advertisements, eight of which now dot Yangons skyline, are the result of the marketing efforts of MDG, which last year began producing Sunkist-brand products in Myanmar. MDG was established in 1996 and its major products include Gold Roast Coffee Mix and Royal Myanmar Tea Mix. The company moved into the soft drink market in 2005, importing and selling Sunkist and 7-Up from Malaysia. While the deal to produce Sunkist domestically was largely overshadowed by the arrival of larger brands like Coca-Cola and Pepsi, MDGs efforts to advertise Sunkist have been foot to YCDC but only for the area covered by the Sunkist wording and logo, not the entire side of the building. The group also pays the landowner, while the owner of the top-oor apartment receives compensation for the slight damage caused by the ropes used by workers during the painting process. MDG refused to disclose how much compensation they paid to land and apartment owners, while Daw Hnin Aye also refused to say how much she received for allowing her building to become a billboard. Tenants who live in the building on other oors do not receive monetary compensation, but instead get seasonal gifts, MDG officials said. The painting is done by a local company. Not all are the jarring shade of orange. At least one, located on Lower Pazundaung Road, is green, the colour of the cans of Sunkists Sparkling brand. The use of painted advertisements in Yangon has largely diminished in popularity. Most have been replaced by printed vinyl signs, billboards or lettering cut from brightly coloured plastic, which are cheaper and better suited to withstanding Myanmars monsoon season. But MDGs campaign is certainly not all about throwback aesthetics. With the price of placing a billboard advertisement on the rise in Yangon, the use of buildings is a cost-effective way to raise brand awareness. At K20,000 a square foot per year, traditional billboards are about twice as expensive on a per-squarefoot basis, according to U Myo Thaw, the managing director of Milky Way advertising.

I nally accepted their request to use my building ... because I believed it wouldnt bother any of the tenants.
Daw Hnin Aye Owner of a Sunkist building

among the most novel for a Western brand in Myanmar, thanks in large part to the distinctive shade of orange used in its towering building campaign. A creative director from MDG said that the idea was pitched to the companys in-house marketing team after a member returned from a trip to San Francisco where large-scale painted advertisements had caught their attention. So how much does it cost to pull off ? MDG pays K10,000 per square

This Sunkist building on Bogyoke Aung San Road in Pazundaung township is one of eight in Yangon, Myanmar Distribution Group says. Photo: Aung Htay Hlaing

The painted buildings are also a creative way to slip by muddled city advertising restrictions that have been put in place by YCDC. YCDC attempted in March to limit billboards to just three sizes and threatened to pull down those that fell outside the standardised sizes. Enforcement of the law has been sporadic but has nonetheless left advertisers questioning how many billboards they can erect and which ones they might be forced to be taken down. However, according to an official from YCDC, there is no law on the books that pertains to buildings being used for advertising, leaving MDG free to approach as many building owners as it would like. If the place is free [from advertising], than we will permit it to be used, the official said. Members of MDGs creative team

declined to say how many more buildings would be given the branding treatment. As for the orange colour, MDG is aware that it could be polarising. I am sure that there are many people out there whose favourite colour is not orange, the creative director conceded. The companys claims that the colour has the ability to cheer people up might be a stretch but the reception has been largely positive. Residents reactions to their buildings drastic face-lifts have been largely positive. All who spoke to The Myanmar Times said they were pleased with the fresh, albeit eyecatching, coat of paint. A resident in the Lower Pazundaung building said he thought the paint job made his apartment look newer, adding, And I have no complaint about that.


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(Reg: No. IV/10271/2013) In respect of: - Meat, fish, poultry and game; meat extracts; preserved, frozen, dried and cooked fruits and vegetables; jellies, jams, compotes; eggs; milk and milk products; edible oils and fats. - Class 29 Coffee, tea, cocoa and artificial coffee; rice; tapioca and sago; flour and preparations made from cereals; bread, pastry and confectionery; ices; sugar, honey, treacle; yeast, baking-powder; salt; mustard; vinegar, sauces (condiments); spices; ice; pizza, pizza pie crusts, pizza dough; pizza sauce. Class 30 Food and beverage delivery services - Class 39 Services for providing food and drink; temporary accommodation Class 43 Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademark or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law. U Kyi Win Associates for Pizza Hut International, LLC P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon. Phone: 372416 Dated: 12th November, 2013


News 7

MPs look to increase their pay

HSU HLAING HTUN hsuhlainghtun.mcm@gmail.com MPs are pushing to discuss a potentially touchy subject: their own pocketbooks. Amyotha Hluttaw representatives on November 4 examined proposed amendments to laws covering the pay and benets of MPs and government officials that were submitted by Minister for Finance U Win Shein. However, while U Win Shein proposed amending the salaries of regional-level officials, MPs are pushing to increase their own salaries, arguing that theyre not being adequately compensated for their time and efforts and are being forced to dig into their own pockets to cover expenses. They are also pushing for income tax to be levied on all who receive a salary from the state. MPs have no staff of their own and they have to prepare for debates on their own, said representative U Hla Swe from Magwe Region. MPs are currently paid K300,000 a month and receive a K10,000-perday allowance when the hluttaw is in session.

Yangon revenue to rise $100m next year


YANGON Region is expected to generate K100 billion more in taxes next year, regional hluttaw members heard last week as they discussed the 2014-15 nancial year budget law. Minister for Finance Daw San San Nwe told the hluttaw on November 4 that the additional income meant the budget decit could be brought in to less than 5 percent of GDP, the decit target used by the national government. The total expenditure is K334.908 billion, and the total budget decit will be K58.703 billion in 2014-15 nancial year, according to the estimated budget, she said. Yangon Region will spend K32.11 billion on special development projects, including the y-over at Myaynigone junction in Sanchaung township and a new bridge over the Ngamoeyeik Creek to

connect Dawbon and Thingangyun townships. Yangon City Development Committee will be neither a burden nor a boon for the budget, with revenue and expenditure both expected to hit K233.633 billion. YCDC revenue derives K14.304 billion from taxation, K134.476 billion from other usual revenue, K80.67 billion of monetary revenue and K4.210 billion in loans, Yangon Mayor U Hla Myint said. YCDC will earn K34.251 billion from the sale of apartments in Shwemyaya Housing in Mingalar Taung Nyunt township, Shwezabu Condominium in Ahlone township and Dagon River Bank Housing, and K82.090 billion from selling shops in Dagon Ayeyar and Aungmingalar Highway Bus Stations, the mayor said. YCDC also plans borrow 23.683 billion (about US$239 million) from the Japanese government as an ODA loan for the Greater Yangon Water Supply Project, which it will implement together with the Japanese International Cooperation Agency next year, he said. U Zaw Aye Maung, the regional minister for Rakhine affairs, said

the Yangon Region government should consider allocating budgets for its two national race affairs ministers next year, he said. Yangon Region has two national races affairs ministers, for Kayin and Rakhine. Budgeting for ethnic affairs is in accord with the constitution and would support national unity, he told hluttaw members. During the budget debate, Daw Nyo Nyo Thin, a representative for Bahan 2, highlighted several discrepancies in the new budget law. This years budget seems much more transparent than previous years but hluttaw members received the text only one day in advance, she said, requesting more time in future. She also called for more transparency in the sections on transportation, buying new facilities and entertainment expenses. She also questioned why only K70 million a year was earned from leasing Yangon zoo when the Kandawgyi Freshwater Aquarium is leased for K120 million. The regional government should check the agreement between [Htoo Group] and the Union Government for leasing the zoo.

Japanese funding needed for flyover: govt

PLANS to build a yover at Myaynigone junction are dependent on securing funding from Japan and that is far from certain, a regional government official says. The Yangon Region government office official, who spoke on condition of anonymity, said the government is in talks with Japan about funding options for the bridge but they remain at an early stage. He said the government had received a verbal promise from a Japanese government official who has supported Myanmar before. But were not sure whether it will be built, he said. We have just discussed it informally with our friend [in the Japanese government], who said they would fund it. We have reported our proposal to the national government and they have approved it. So we have to send an official letter [to the Japanese side] and see how they respond. The bridge is expected to begin near Mahar Myaing Medical Centre on Pyay Road on the north side of the junction and continue past the traffic light at the junction with Shin Saw Pu Road. Nyan Lynn Aung

[MPs] have duties outside of the hluttaw and all of these have to be done with their own money.
U Win Maung Amyotha Hluttaw representative

MPs have to ask questions in the hluttaw, submit proposals and attend committee meetings, agreed Amyotha Hluttaw representative U Win Maung from Mandalay Region. They have duties outside of the hluttaw and all these have to be done with their own money. Some have to rely on nancial assistance from voters. Their salaries are lower than members of the executive and judiciary Their salary should be increased. In its comments on the governments proposed amendments, the Amyotha Hluttaw Bill Committee concluded that salary and benets for top officials needs to be consistent across the legislative, judicial and executive branches. Among those being considered for raises are the chairperson and members of committees from region or state hluttaws, and selfadministered regions and zones; the chairperson and members of Nay Pyi Taw Council; and MPs at the national or regional level. Amyotha Hluttaw Speaker U Khin Aung Myint said it is also important that all state employees pay income tax, citing section 389 of the constitution, which states that every citizen has the duty to pay taxes to be levied according to the law. Currently, neither MPs nor civil servants pay tax on their income. All civil services personnel, including MPs, must pay income tax, U Khin Aung Myint said. For this to happen, however, some laws will need to be adjusted, he said. Translation by Thiri Min Htun

8 News


The army doesnt need to change

Lieutenant General Myint Soe, the Ministry of Defences representative at the Myitkyina peace talks, on amending the 2008 constitution, the Tatmadaws role in politics, the conict in Mansi township and armed ethnic groups federal army proposal
objective is to maintain three principles of the state: non-disintegration of the union, non-disintegration of nationality solidarity and perpetuation of sovereignty. I would like to give an example. A gardener has the right to get some owers from the garden he nurtured. The Tatmadaw brought up a ourishing democracy. The Tatmadaw initiated and paved the way for democratic practices [but] today the Tatmadaw is always being accused of something. What does the Tatmadaw do to harm the people? During the past two-anda-half years, the Tatmadaw didnt do anything that had a negative impact on the state and people We have also done public services. Just look at the Meiktila crisis. If the Tatmadaw didnt step in in time, Meiktila would have been totally burned down. We were also the rst to arrive after the Thabeikkyin earthquake. This is the public service Tatmadaw. The role of Tatmadaw appears likely to change as the democratisation process progresses. Does the military actually plan to change its role in any way? The commander-in-chief said in Thailand that the Tatmadaw will help to build a democratic state and make sure it doesnt go in reverse. The military has also helped get peace and we are also following the governments reform process to build a democratic state and take part in the political process. You asked, how will the role of the Tatmadaw change? The Tatmadaw doesnt need to change anything because todays Tatmatdaw is the peoples Tatmadaw. We will continue like this. Our mission is nondisintegration of the union and to maintain the three principles Some people say the military shouldnt take part in politics. We dont want to take part in it but we have to. We have a duty to restore peace and order in times of crisis. As we discussed, 25pc of seats in parliament go to military representatives directly appointed by the commander-in-chief. Will you hold elections to choose these representatives after the 2015 election? The main duty of the Tatmadaw is to preserve the 2008 constitution [The 25pc ratio] was put in place because there was a belief that the Tatmadaw is needed to give balance to politics. The Tatmadaw is on duty according to historical and political conditions. We dont want to argue about it. I have nothing to say about whether the Tatmadaw will decrease the ratio and certainly nothing to say about whether the Tatmadaw is right or wrong [to have the seats]. If [someone] wants to amend the 2008 constitution, they can try to amend it according to the proper procedure. We dont want to argue about it. We will just continue to do our duty. What do you think of the current debate over whether the 2008 constitution should be amended or rewritten? I am answering this as a soldier. The 2008 constitution was not written by only one person; it was approved by the people. If most people are willing to change the law, we will follow the peoples desire because the Tatmadaw is a part of the people and represents the people. But it should not be amended quickly, based on just a few people criticising it. In my personal opinion, its too early [to change the 2008 constitution].


What is the Tatmadaws role in the peace process? As the president said in his radio speech last week, the most essential needs for our country are building peace and the political process. Im certain that peace cant be built without the Tatmadaw. Fighting is happening between the Tatmadaw and armed groups because they could not solve [their problems] through political means. If they can, theres no need for ghting. Therefore, we are trying to build peace through a political process. We will continue the political process after building peace. The Tatmadaw believes that this point is very important and is one of our tasks to carry out under the leadership of the president. The Tatmadaw always says that it never breaks a promise that it gives while signing a ceasere agreement with an ethnic group. But there has been reghting in some regions and presently ghting between the military and the Kachin Independence Army in Mansi township in the southern part of Kachin State. We have information that more than 2000 residents have been displaced. Does the Tatmadaw really keep its promises? Fighting will continue if there is no ceasere agreement signed. Whenever there is ghting, the Tatmadaw is accused of breaking our promises. If [people] see what happened on the ground, they can understand the situation. Both sides already knew that our troops arrived in that place before the peace talks. In the seven-point agreement that we signed in October, both sides agreed to reopen all roads. According to this agreement, we cleared the roads so they would be open. While we were clearing roads we found illegal timber and buffalos. Fighting happened when we arrested the people with these illegal things. It is our duty to take action against illegal activities based on information

We dont want to take part in [politics] but we have to. We have a duty to restore peace and order in times of crisis.

Lieutenant General Myint Soe speaks to The Myanmar Times in Myitkyina. Photo: Boothee

we have received. It is clear that we did our duty. Now [people criticise] the Tatmadaw over this issue. Are we making a mistake if we take it as our duty to stop this illegal trade? There would not have been ghting if the other side also accepted that it is our responsibility to do this. During yesterdays meeting, the armed ethnic groups called for a discussion on a federal union army. What is your view on this proposal? They did not say federal union army yesterday. They said only union Tatmadaw. But the words they used must be confused. For exam-

ple, we always use ethnic armed organisations but they now use ethnic armed revolution groups it means they are still ghting with the government The term union army could also lead to misunderstandings that we will establish a new army by abolishing the present Tatmadaw. As the 2008 constitution says, there must be one army for one state. So we discussed with each other the terms that they used. We have proposed a draft 15-point nationwide ceasere agreement. It is the answer. Many points in it are the same as what they want. I think the solution will come out eventually after they discuss the draft together.

Searching for Development Project Consultants

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Many people have criticised the 2008 constitution, saying it lacks equality and autonomy for ethnic groups, gives the Tatmadaw too much power, and even puts the commander-in-chief above the president. It is also impossible to amend the constitution if the commander-in-chief does not want to do so. How do you respond to those criticisms? [Some people] say the commanderin-chief is above the president. [But] does anyone see the commander-inchief intervening in the legislature, executive or judiciary? And also the 25 percent of military representatives in parliament: Has the parliament faced any problem because of the military representatives over the past two years? Did that 25pc intervene by putting up proposals to parliament? It is very clear. The main duty of Tatmadaw is to preserve the 2008 constitution. If [someone] wants to criticise us, they must be reasonable. If they want to amend it, they can say so in parliament. We dont take into account what is said on the streets. The seven-step roadmap to democracy unveiled by the Tatmadaw says that after enacting the 2008 constitution a democratic state must be built. Do you believe you can build a genuine democratic state with the current constitution? Which points of the 2008 constitution disturb the state and which points dont meet the criteria for a democracy? For example, some accuse that the Tatmadaw taking 25pc of seats in parliament doesnt meet democratic standards. Is this system only practised in Myanmar? How does it disturb the three branches of power in the state? We should take into account whether this 25pc can damage the sovereignty of the state rather than whether it meets democratic criteria. The most important

Interested consultants should email their CVs, complete with full contact details to our local representatives atmorrisandsilvester@gmail.com. You should include names and contact details of two referees and scanned copies of your qualifications. Please see: www.ghd.com


News 9

Optimism but no agreement on ceasefire

EI EI TOE LWIN eieitoelwin@gmail.com AUNG Daung (be successful) Aung Daung Aung Daung, hundreds of people called out in unison to greet ethnic leaders as they arrived in Myitkyina on November 3. Many members of the crowd waved the Kachin ag two crossed swords on a mixed red and green background. The Laiza accord the agreement reached between ethnic groups at the Kachin Independence Organisation headquarters following talks from October 30 to November 1 had given the public renewed enthusiasm for the peace talks, and they showed it by cheering and singing songs as the ethnic leaders arrived. The 11-point agreement included basic principles for political dialogue, dealing with the Tatmadaw and the future of ethnic armed groups. They agreed to form a 13-member committee to deal with directly with the government and discuss the agreement further. Could it be the key to unlocking the next step in the peace process? The Myitkyina talks started on November 4 at Majoi Hall with the usual congratulations from both sides. Nevertheless, it was the largest meeting between the government and armed ethnic groups in more than six decades. Im very glad to meet with our brothers all together for the rst time in more than 60 years, said U Aung Min, the head of the government peace negotiating team. Vijay Nambiar, a special adviser on Myanmar to United Nations secretary general Ban Ki-moon, said he had very high expectations about the talks. But the Myitkyina meeting would not yield the breakthrough on the nationwide ceasere proposal that many had hoped. While the governments 15-point nationwide ceasere agreement was not irreconcilable with what the groups had agreed in Laiza, the future of the ethnic armies proved to be one of several major stumbling blocks. The governments proposal stated that armed groups have to stop ghting, and must not build new military camps, recruit soldiers, produce weapons, or even sell, buy or stockpile arms. Ethnic armies would also need to inform a joint monitoring committee of their military strength in terms of men and weapons, and need to get permission from the committee to travel outside their area of control. The government also stressed that ethnic armed groups must avoid ghting Tatmadaw soldiers, who are serving for the defence and security of the state. Ethnic groups, meanwhile, outlined their plan for a federal or union Tatmadaw, in which the ethnic armies would continue to be distinctly separate outts. Its very important to have a union Tatmadaw in our country in the future, Kachin Independence Army deputy commander General Gun Maw said at a press conference in Laiza on November 2. If we call it a union army, it can include all ethnic groups. That is why we put that point, a union army, in our proposal. The Ministry of Defence representative at the talks, Lieutenant General Myint Soe, was unequivocal when asked about the proposal. Its impossible, Lt Gen Myint Soe said, citing the section of the 2008 constitution that states there must be one army to protect the country. Despite the wide gulf between the two sides on the issue, ethnic leaders said they would take time to discuss the governments proposals with their respective leadership groups. We cant make any decision now. We need to talk with our group and examine the draft, Colonel Sai La of the Restoration Council of Shan State told reporters before leaving the meeting on November 5. The peace talks resumed only briey on the second day of the conference, and the sides split into smaller groups to discuss the ceasere. A joint statement was released, in which both sides agreed to work toward the nationwide ceasere before a framework for political dialogue, despite an agreement among ethnic groups in Laiza to push for

Chief government peace negotiator U Aung Min speaks at the opening of peace talks in Myitkyina on November 4. Photo: Boothee

political dialogue rst. A further round of talks was announced for Hpa-an in Kayin State in December but a planned press conference was cancelled, with no reason given. Sources who attended as observers said there were disagreements over many points in the ceasere agreement. What has become clear is that there is still a large gulf between the two sides that needs to be

bridged before the nationwide ceasere signing ceremony can take place. It also casts doubt on whether the government can achieve its aim to have the ceasere ceremony, which had been tentatively scheduled for this month, wrapped up by the end of this year. As Lt Gen Myint Soe conrmed, Its now impossible to hold the ceremony in November.

10 News


Despite govt promises, Kachin IDP camps prepare for long haul
botoole12@gmail.com Two children play in the Janmai IDP camp in Myitkyina township last week. Photo: Bill OToole

Peace process will not be sustainable without women

A Nay Pyi Taw forum discusses the cost of conict in terms of gender and questions why women havent been given more seats at the peace talk table
CHERRY THEIN t.cherry6@gmail.com THE national ceasere accord could be a watershed moment in the peace process but more input from women is needed if the results are to be longlasting, participants at a forum in Nay Pyi Taw have heard. On October 31, senior government and UN officials, parliamentarians, development cooperation partners and civil society representatives met in Nay Pyi Taw to mark the rst Myanmar observance of UN Open Day on Women, Peace and Security. The open day held to commemorate UN Security Council resolution (UNSCR) 1325 on women, peace and security, signed on October 31, 2000, but not yet implemented in Myanmar recognised the governments efforts to address womens priorities in different aspects of the peace process. But participants also urged the development and implementation of a National Action Plan on UNSCR 1325, and warned that women, due to their social roles, are both disproportionately vulnerable to conict and uniquely suited to but too often excluded from participating in peacebuilding processes. Daw May Sabe Phyu, coordinator of the Kachin Womens Peace Network, said women can bring their unique experience to bear on all aspects of the peace process, including providing early warning of conict, defusing and mediating disputes, building trust and addressing sexual and gender-based violence. But she also noted that women are seldom involved in peace talks. Why do women need to prove themselves to get involved in the process? Traditional and social norms are keeping women aside. I dont believe there will be a sustainable peace without meaningful participation of women, Daw May Sabe Phyu said. Daw May Sabe Phyu said women are often excluded from involvement in peace-building because of responsibilities at home, including childrearing. People say it is very simple: Why dont women come and join the peace talks? Due to social norms, women have to take care of many duties at home. They cant go and join the peace table easily like men can, Daw May Sabe Phyu said. In reality, women are not formally asked to join the peace talks or agreement. We do not mean to speak on behalf of women. We wish women to speak for themselves. Daw Dwe Bu, a Pyithu Hluttaw representative, said she believes women are better at negotiation and mediation than men but their skills are being neglected due to social and traditional customs. During my three years in parliament, I have just had the chance to join the peace talks only this year, and only because I nagged for it through these years, she said. As well as the need for womens involvement in peace talks, forum participants discussed the cost of conict on womens lives, with specific focus on violence, including sexual violence, against rural ethnic women and girls and those in IDP camps, where there is inadequate legal, medical and psychosocial response or systematic documentation. U Aung Tun Khine, deputy director general of the Department of Social Welfare, said womens participation in government institutions and ministries is creeping up but still

LESS than ve minutes from the Manaw grounds in Myitkyina, where ethnic leaders and government representatives met for the most recent round of negotiations for a nationwide ceasere, sits Janmai IDP camp. It is home to an estimated 1000 civilians who have been displaced by the ghting in Kachin State. Many are from Tar Law Gyi village to the south; the rest are from small villages on the road that connects Laiza to Myitkyina. It is the largest of several camps run by the Kachin Baptist Convention in the Myitkyina area. The camp also has the dubious distinction of being one of the rst set up when the 17-year-old ceasere between the government and the Kachin Independence Army broke down in June 2011. Most camp residents have not seen their villages in more than two years but few initially expected such a long wait to return home. In the beginning, our meetings were all about what we would do with the IDPs in one month, in two months ... Now we talk about years, said Reverend Aung Myat, one of the camps administrators. The issue of resettlement was raised again on the morning of November 6, when U Aung Min, the governments chief peace negotiator, visited the camp and gave an informal speech. He promised that camp residents could begin returning to their homes within three months. However, in interviews with The Myanmar Times both camp staff and residents were deeply sceptical about U Aung Mins promise. I think its a nice dream, said Reverend Aung Myat. But dreams are different from reality. U Aung Mins office and the Kachin State government could not be reached for comment. Daw Khon Ja worked as a farmer

in Tar Law Gyi village before eeing in 2011. We want to go home, but the government has made many promises like this since the ghting began, she said. She said the peace talks were occurring at the same time as Tatmadaw troops were advancing on Mansi township. How can we trust anything they say? When government and Kachin leaders met in October, however, one point of their agreement covered a pilot program to resettle IDPs in government housing far from the conict. One of these housing sites was completed several kilometres from Myitkyina in Waingmaw township. U Brang Dut, an IDP living in Shwe Sap camp, told The Myanmar Times he had visited the site but believed it would be impossible to live in. Its in a valley at the bottom of a mountain. The oods would be up to our knees in rainy season, he said. Its miles from the nearest market or hospital. Daw Khon Ja of the Kachin Peace Network no relation to the farmer from Tar Law Gyi said her understanding is that the entire resettlement program has stalled. When The Myanmar Times attempted to visit the site, soldiers at a checkpoint en route said it was off limits.

As many of the displaced are quick to point out, even if both the Tatmadaw and the KIA agree to stop ghting, life will not immediately return to its pre-2011 state. Almost 30 months of heavy ghting has partially or completely destroyed infrastructure in many towns and villages. U La Hpri, another displaced farmer from Tar Law Gyi, said that some of his friends from the Baptist church had visited the village earlier this year. They found most of his farming equipment and much of his furniture had been stolen or destroyed. He said that even if he could return he would not, as there is no livelihood left for him. He is 61 and has four adult children. Unlike the camps in areas controlled by the Kachin Independence Organisation, which are largely off limits to outside humanitarian assistance, Janmai camp and the others in Myitkyina are, by any standard, very well served. UN agencies provide meals and assist in building shelters and sanitation systems, and the KBC has the resources to manage day-today operations. Reverend Aung Myat said the camp has the resources to provide for its residents for the foreseeable future. We can take care of these people for a long time, as long as there is still the need, he said. How long that will be, I cant say.

I have just had the chance to join the peace talks only this year, and only because I nagged for it through these years.
Daw Dwe Bu Pyithu Hluttaw representative

isnt hitting the targets set for senior positions. From 2008-09 to 2010-11, the percentage of women in government roles rose from 51.42 percent to 52.39pc, but women in senior posts only grew from 32.52pc to 36.61pc. We all need to encourage and advocate [for] more womens involvement in development, he said. UN resident coordinator for Myanmar Ashok Nigam told The Myanmar Times that Myanmar needs to learn from the experiences of other countries on promoting womens participation. It is not just at the top level; we have to work and ensure the commitment continues all the way down to womens organisations who work at the grassroots level, he said. We must protect women and girls from all forms of discrimination and violence and address their priorities in conict-related relief and recovery policies and programs, especially economic recovery.


News 11

The Mansi conflict, from the ground

BILL OTOOLE botoole12@gmail.com THE devastation of the war in Kachin State was obvious as soon as the group left Myitkyina. As he made the six-hour trip to Kachin Independence Organisationcontrolled areas around Bhamo late last month, The Myanmar Times chief photographer Ko Kaung Htet encountered one damaged, destroyed or abandoned home after another. One of the villages on the road, Nam Sam, used to be a large, prosperous town, he said. Today, all of the buildings are totally or partially destroyed, even some houses had big holes that appeared to have been made by rocket-propelled grenades. He was shocked at the level of need he found in the relief camps around Bhamo. Basic items, such as food, medicine and clothing, are in short supply. [The IDPs] have been there more than two years. Their living conditions are really bad I saw children playing without shirts, and the sanitation is really terrible. Despite the lack of supplies, Ko Kaung Htet said he was impressed with the efforts of the Kachin Baptist churches around Bhamo, which have managed to do a lot with very little. However, the inux of refugees from Mansi township, the centre of fresh ghting over the past few weeks, has stretched their meagre resources even further. Hundreds ed their homes in Mung Ding Pa when Tatmadaw soldiers entered and occupied the village on October 22. The few that managed to escape trekked through the jungle for almost two days before arriving at a church in Nam Da village. Theyre taking care of nearly 2000 people in the camps. Theyre providing shelter and trying to organise food 341 more people will be an extra burden for them [and] they already have a big challenge. After visiting the camps Ko Kaung Htet travelled to the town of Mansi, where the 341 people displaced in recent weeks were waiting for trucks to take them to relief camps around Bhamo. The group mostly comprised women, children and the elderly. The majority of the men had either stayed behind to protect their farms or simply been lost in the jungle in the confusion after the attack. Among the group was a 97-year-old woman who had trekked for two days through the jungle to reach the church. Ko Kaung Htet met a young mother of three as she ate a meal of rice and salt. She sobbed as she told him how she had lost her husband and 12-yearold son in the jungle and has no idea where they are. Government officials and police handed out instant noodles and cold drinks to the group as they were leaving. However, Ko Kaung Htet said the government was not doing enough to help the displaced and expressed anger at the militarys lack of care toward the civilian population. The suffering of the IDPs is really terrible Im Burmese, but from my point of view, what happened can damage the governments reputation in the eyes of the international community. Other ethnic groups might also question the governments commitment to the peace process. It shouldnt have happened at a time when the country is transitioning to democracy.

All Photos: Kaung Htet

12 News
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Rakhine children play in Mingan IDP camp in Sittwe. Photo Aung Htay Hlaing


Patients, not politics, in Rakhine

PETER-PAUL DE GROOTE newsroom@mmtimes.com ON November 2, more violence broke out in Rakhine State. Two clashes between Muslim internally displaced people (IDPs) and Rakhine Buddhists resulted in the immediate deaths of two people. Five required hospitalisation, of whom two sustained injuries that were so severe that they later died. After receiving a phone call from camp leaders, and with permission from the Rakhine State health authorities, Mdecins Sans Frontires (MSF) transferred the three injured IDPs to hospital. MSF heard later about the second incident and that two injured Rakhine persons had been transported to hospital in Sittwe on a boat organised by their community. No one contacted MSF for support with this hospital referral neither community leaders nor the local health authorities. Had MSF been contacted, we would have been ready to provide immediate support, as we have done frequently in the past. MSF has subsequently in media reports and social media been accused of bias in favour of Muslim patients. Such accusations politicise the act of providing life-saving healthcare in Rakhine State something MSF provides in more than 60 countries around the world. MSF works in Rakhine State at the request of the government to provide healthcare to communities that the Ministry of Health nds difficult to reach. These challenges are largely a result of the intimidation and hostility that is directed towards their own staff, who are threatened when they try to provide services to Muslim patients. Put simply, Ministry of Health staff face retaliation should they dare to try to provide healthcare to Muslim communities. Such threats undermine the very act of providing even basic health care in Rakhine State. MSF provides services to communities cut off from health care, including those who are currently limited to their camps or villages due to movement restrictions. We also support nearby communities, where residents may have freedom of movement but suffer due to tension and fear. We transport patients to hospital in the absence of a government-provided ambulance. However, if there is no clinic operating in an area at the time of a medical emergency, MSF relies on community leaders and local health authorities to contact us. This service is open to anybody that needs to be urgently transferred to hospital, regardless of ethnicity, religion or any other factor. According to universal medical ethics and humanitarian principles, which guide the work of organisations such as MSF, we consider only the needs of a patient when providing our services. Aid organisations in Rakhine have worked in close collaboration with the government over the past year and a half to provide humanitarian assistance where it is needed most. The provision of this assistance is foremost the responsibility of the government but to full this obligation help has been requested from the international community. Following the violence on November 2, some gures within the government have reiterated a position that humanitarian assistance in Rakhine should be distributed on an equal basis because needs are the same across all communities. Such statements demonstrate a profound lack of understanding of the principles by which humanitarian organisations are bound to operate most notably that of impartiality, which requires that humanitarian assistance be provided where it is needed most and without discrimination. The government has a responsibility to ensure that all communities in Rakhine State, regardless of their status, have access to basic services. But to describe the medical and humanitarian needs as the same between communities is a misleading representation of the situation. likelihood of epidemic outbreaks. Rakhine communities have also had their lives disrupted by violence and the tension and fear that has followed but have not been restricted in their movements. They have a greater ability to access elds, markets and government services. But Rakhine is one of the poorest states in Myanmar and rural communities in particular remain extremely impoverished, with increasing concerns over food insecurity due to the disruptions in agriculture, trade and the local economy. Rakhine communities have access to government health facilities but these remain underresourced and under-staffed, with no ambulance service. All communities in the state need substantial development support to help them overcome decades of neglect and marginalisation at the hands of the former military regime. The central government has requested support from international organisations in the form of both humanitarian and development assistance, including health care. With this request the authorities also have a responsibility to explain to communities the role of these organisations. It should support, rather than politicise, the principles that guide our work. If providing medical care can ever be referred to as biased, it is a bias toward patients. It is a bias that is based on medical need, regardless of any other factor. MSF sees only patients, nothing else. That is and always has been our organisations key underlying principle and is one of the reasons why we have been able to work in some of the most challenging places in the world, providing health care to people who really need it, for more than 40 years. MSF calls on the government and the communities of Rakhine to work together with international organisations to ensure that all patients in need of access to emergency medical services get the transport and care that they need, regardless of their background.
Peter-Paul de Groote is the head of mission for Mdecins Sans Frontires in Myanmar.

The government should support, rather than politicise, the principles that guide our work.
All communities in Rakhine have needs but those needs are very different. Muslim communities have been cut off from elds, markets and government-provided services, with the exception of emergency health services at Sittwe General Hospital. Many of them are displaced, restricted to squalid camps situated on salt ats and rice paddies. To access emergency health services in Sittwe General Hospital, every patient transfer has to be individually authorised by health and security officials and facilitated by an international organisation. No one else is willing to transport these patients. This situation has generated signicant humanitarian needs among Muslim communities, who suffer from inadequate shelter and latrine provision, shortages in drinking water supplies and intermittent health services. These factors result in avoidable deaths and an increased

Public Notice of Unethical Practice

MCM Ltd hereby informs the general public that the following personnel mentioned below are not employed by The Myanmar Times effective 1 November 2013 and are no longer associated with the company from that date forward. Despite a total of 45 years of service between them they abruptly resigned from the company without notice thus violating our international standards of ethical business conduct. This one badly made decision unfortunately negates many years of loyal service, so that we can no longer consider them as part of the MCM family. As such they have also placed a dark stain on their profession and let down the many people that worked with them. U Wai Linn U Ye Linn Htay U Soe Than Lynn U Aung Kyaw Oo

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A tale of two political fortunes


compensation for the victims and charges to be led against those responsible for the lethal debacle. Aquino refused, saying, When I, as president, apologise, then Im apologising on behalf of the entire country, and I dont think that is appropriate at this point in time. Appalled, Hong Kong formally instructed its citizens to avoid all travel to the Philippines and China backed that stance. Consequently, millions of dollars were lost in trade and tourism revenue, and calls grew for limits on the tens of thousands of Filipino maids in the territory. Fed up with this impasse, Estrada, who defeated the now disgraced Lim in Manilas mayoralty race, vowed last week to visit Hong Kong and deliver a personal apology, while assuring people that his city is now safe. So, in the near future, the haggard ex-movie star may well accomplish what the youthful Aquino has failed to do in three years: repair ties with Hong Kong. If he succeeds, Estradas tide really will have come in, while Aquinos will slip further out and his once bright image will be even more sullied.

News 13

In the Philippines, President Aquinos image appears irretrievably damaged as Joseph Estrada makes a dramatic comeback
youthful bachelor president, Benigno Aquino, who was once viewed as a kind of national saviour, has seen his reputation plummet. Concurrently, a reviled predecessor and convicted felon, the ex-lm star and former president Joseph Estrada, has returned to public favour and was recently elected mayor of Manila, the nations capital. Lets start with Aquino, who has been forced to fend off charges of incompetency over his handling of two major incidents this year. The rst was his slipshod response to Februarys sea-borne invasion of the east Malaysian state of Sabah by followers of a Filipino sultan who claimed title to the land. By not taking the maritime assault seriously, Aquino almost precipitated an armed conict with Malaysia. Then, in September, he again appeared asleep at the wheel when Muslim ghters stormed the southern city of Zamboanga, taking scores of hostages and wreaking devastation. The attackers were motivated by Aquino having left their group out of a peace agreement granting the Muslim south greater autonomy. They were eventually routed, but not before more than 150 Zamboangans were killed, 120,000 displaced, and the peace pact left in tatters. Then, last month, an even worse debacle returned to haunt Aquino. It all began shortly after he was sworn in as president in May 2010, when a disgruntled former police officer hijacked a bus carrying Hong Kong tourists in central Manila. The ex-cop, Rolando Mendoza, had been sacked for alleged extortion and he now demanded his job back in return for releasing the tourists. In the absence of directions from Aquino, the then-Manila mayor, Alfredo Dirty Harry Lim, adopted a tough line and had Mendozas brother, who had tried to join the negotiations, handcuffed and dragged away. That spooked the heavily armed Mendoza, who was watching the police response on the buss closed circuit television, and he began shooting. As a bungled attempt to charge the bus ensued, eight hostages were killed before Mendoza himself was taken out by a police marksman. In the aftermath, Hong Kong demanded a formal apology,

THE truth of Shakespeares axiom that there is a tide in the affairs of men has rarely been better illustrated than by the uctuating fortunes of some of this regions leaders over the past few months. In Cambodia, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines and Thailand, heads of government and opposition leaders who had appeared to be riding high have suffered major setbacks. At the same time, others in Vietnam and the Philippines whose hold on power appeared tenuous have not only clung on but have reasserted their popularity even more rmly. Often it is hard to know why the tide suddenly turns for one prominent gure, while a neighbouring counterpart unexpectedly manages to put his house in order and appears as a regional strongman. The best recent example has come in the Philippines, where the

Often it is hard to know why the tide suddenly turns for one prominent gure, while a counterpart unexpectedly manages to put his house in order.

14 News


ASEAN wait to continue for Timor Leste

NYAN LYNN AUNG newsroom@mmtimes.com TIM MCLAUGHLIN timothy.mclaughlin3@gmail.com ASEANS aspiring member Timor Leste appears likely to remain on the outer for at least another year, as Myanmars Ministry of Foreign Affairs says the tiny country has not yet done enough to justify entry to the 10-member bloc. In preparation for taking the helm of the group in 2014, the government has been in discussions with regional experts regarding Timor Lestes application, ASEAN Affairs Department deputy director U Aung Htoo said. However, the government believes Timor Leste has a number of shortcomings that make joining the group in 2014 impossible. One example, U Aung Htoo said, is that Timor Leste has failed to build embassies in all 10 ASEAN member nations, a prerequisite under the current entry requirements. Timor Leste does not have an embassy in Myanmar but has said it plans to build one in Nay Pyi Taw. Timor Leste needs to follow the ASEAN Charter and Road Map but they are not ready for that, U Aung Htoo said. Jim Della-Giacoma, the International Crisis Groups project director for Southeast Asia, said building, staffing and operating the embassies would entail considerable costs to Timor Leste, whose economy is slowly recovering from a bloody 25-year struggle for independence from Indonesia. Mr Della-Giacoma said Timor Leste remains the poor cousin of geographic Southeast Asia and sending representatives to numerous ASEAN meetings and summits, of which there are more than 1000 each year, would be a nancial burden. Its lack of infrastructure, including road and air links, means it would also not be in a position to host large meetings of ASEAN officials. In September, Timor Leste Prime Minister Xanana Gusmao spent ve days in Yangon and Nay Pyi Taw in an attempt to bolster his countrys relations with Myanmar. Though the trip received front-page coverage in staterun newspapers for four straight days, Mr Della-Giacoma said it is unlikely to have a signicant impact on bilateral ties. There is little diplomatic solidarity between these two very different countries, said Mr Della-Giacoma. Other ASEAN members have said they support the idea of Timor Leste joining the group, which now encompasses more than 600 million people and has an economy of more than US$2 trillion. Indonesia, which brutally occupied Timor Leste from December 1975 to October 1999, has been the most supportive of Timor Lestes push for membership, and was chair of ASEAN in 2011 when Timor Leste submitted its formal application to join. Despite this support from one of the blocs heavyweights, Timor Leste is likely to encounter opposition from other quarters. There are a number of key ASEAN member states that do not consider Timor-Leste ready to join ASEAN, said Hank Lim, a senior research fellow at

Timor Lestes Prime Minister Xanana Gusmao waves after voting in Dili in a 2007 election. Photo: AFP

the Singapore Institute of International Affairs. No country has been stronger in its opposition than Singapore, which has argued that Timor Leste would provide little to the group and would instead be a substantial economic burden as the bloc embarks on the nal preparation for the ASEAN Economic Community. Timor Leste has a population of 1.2 million and a GDP of $1.29 billion

in 2012, according to gures from the World Bank. Its economy is less than 15 percent of the size of ASEANs nextsmallest, Laos, which has a GDP of $9.2 billion. The city-state of Singapore, by contrast, is an economic powerhouse with a population of 5.2 million and a GDP of $274.7 billion. Singaporean Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong said in September that his country would not block Timor

Lestes bid to join ASEAN but that it required careful consideration before approval. At the end of the day, said Danny Chian Siong Lee, director for Community Affairs Development at the ASEAN Secretariat, we want to make sure that Timor-Lestes membership will bring the most benets to its people, while managing the impact effectively.

Twante farmers complain over trespassing charges

WA LONE walone14@gmail.com FARMERS of six villages in Yangon Regions Twante township say they have been charged with building on land that they legally own. They said at a press conference last week the charges were led by the village administrator, a carpenter who had helped to build one of the houses. If were going to be charged with building on the land, the head of the village should be charged too, and other people who built on their land, said Ma Thin Thin Nwe, 32, one of the defendants from Tamangyi village. The administrator of the village charged the 41 defendants at Twante township court in September. I built my house in 2006. This plaintiff, the village administrator, was an ordinary villager at that time. He worked on my house as a carpenter. We were charged only this year, said U Aung Toe, of Tamangyi village. Defendants said the administrator was forced to act by township- and district-level authorities. They instructed me verbally. The charges can be acted on by our Farmland Management Committee according to the law, Kan Ywar administrator U Thein Tan conrmed. U Khin Soe, a committee member of the National Unity Party, told The Myanmar Times that the charge was invalid without the approval of the regional Farmland Management Committee. If they dont follow the rules, the charges should be thrown out. Translation by Thae Thae Htwe


NOTICE is hereby given that MCC Corporation a company organized under the Laws of Japan and having its principal office at 1814, Takachayakomori-Cho, Tsu-shi, Mie, 514-0817 Japan is the Owner and Sole Proprietor of the following trademark: -

(Reg: No. IV/7340/2008 & IV/10021/2013) in respect of:- Cutters; Bolt cutters Class 8 Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademark or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law. U Kyi Win Associates for MCC Corporation P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon. Phone: 372416

Dated: 11th November, 2013


News 15

Constitution review body to get extra month

WIN KO KO LATT winkolatt2012@gmail.com PARLIAMENT will have to wait an extra month before hearing from the constitutional review committee. Members agreed last week, over objections from opposition leader Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, to allow the committee to report on January 31, 2014, instead of by December 31. Committee secretary U Khine Maung Yi said the postponement was necessary in order to take into account suggestions from the public, and because the Southeast Asian Games were taking place in December. The committee also delayed a deadline for public submissions on the constitution and review process from November 15 to December 15. Our committee has already received 129 suggestions so far, and I hope more will come, he said. But National League for Democracy leader Daw Aung San Suu Kyi said she opposed the move. As a matter of principle, it is very important for hluttaw committees to complete their work within the planned time frame. Attention has been focused on whether the 2008 constitution will be amended to allow Daw Aung San Suu Kyi to serve as president, give greater rights to ethnic minorities and reduce the role of the Tatmadaw in politics. Thura U Aye Myint, a member of the committee and a deputy chair of the Union Solidarity and Development Party, said the committee valued the desire of ethnic minorities and recognised the role of the Tatmadaw in amending the constitution. We take the suggestions of Tatmadaw MPs seriously, he said. The committee has also substituted U Sai Win Khine of the Shan Nationalities Democratic Party, who has been appointed as deputy minister for hotels and tourism, with U Win Mg from the Union Solidarity and Development Party.

A fire official gestures while fighting a blaze in Yangons East Dagon Industrial Zone on November 6. Photo: Zarni Phyo

Fire breaks out at furniture factory

AYE NYEIN WIN ayenyeinwin.mcm@gmail.com A FIRE swept through the Pwint Oo furniture factory in Yangons East Dagon Industrial Zone on November 6 after sparks from faulty wiring in one of three buildings set a mattress alight. The re, which broke out at about 6:30am, is estimated to have caused about K100 million damage. An official from Pwint Oo said the company has both building and re insurance. Crews from various townships in Yangon Region responded to the call, with 56 re engines and 80 Red Cross personnel on the scene. The blaze was under control by 7:15am, about 45 minutes after it began, and extinguished at 9:10am. Factory manager U Khin Zaw faces charges under section 285 of the Penal Code for negligence causing re, an offence that carries a possible penalty of a ne or up to three years in prison.

Law on the way to expand Scouting

EI THAE THAE NAING eithaethaenaing@gmail.com SCOUTING is set to continue its comeback in Myanmar as the government plans to apply the scouting law now being prepared. The English-language version of the law has been completed and the Myanmar-language version is in progress. Though Scouting was re-established here in November 2012, the law will ensure the legal framework is in place to ensure its future growth, those involved say. This draft has been in the making since May, and weve now discussed it with the World Organisation of Scout Movements Asia Pacic Region, said U Maung Maung Win, the general secretary of the Myanmar Scout Interim Committee. The re-establishment of Scouting in Myanmar after a long absence began last year with the training of 98 Scout leaders from 18 schools throughout the country. Now that the Scouts are based in schools, anyone who is interested can participate, said U Maung Maung Win. Syd Castillo, director of the youth program for the Scout movements Asia Pacic region, told The Myanmar Times that Scouting advocates individual and community responsibility. The goal is to re-establish Scouting in Myanmar. Scouting teaches responsible citizenship, which is benecial for all young people, he said. David Cossart, assistant chief commissioner for adult training and development of Scouts Australia, said he was impressed by President U Thein Seins enthusiasm for the return of Scouting. We will help the boys and girls in Myanmar to become better citizens, of their country and internationally as well, he said. As of March this year, there were about 1000 Scouts in Myanmar.


News 17

First townships shortlisted for next phase of WB project

TIN YADANAR HTUN newsroom@mmtimes.com THE Ministry of Livestock, Fisheries and Rural Development has selected three townships in Sagaing Region to be considered for inclusion in a major World Bank project, said spokesperson Daw Lei Yin Win. Five townships each from Sagaing, Magwe and Ayeyarwady regions and Kayin and Rakhine states will be selected to receive assistance under the World Banks US$80 million National Community Driven Development Project from 2014-15. The three townships already identied for Sagaing are Pinlebu, Myaung and Banmauk. They were selected by participants from the regional and central government at a meeting in Monywa on October 30. We will nalise the list of ve townships next month, Daw Lei Yin Win said. If the Foreign Management Central Committee approves, we will

Most of the townships are the poorest and least developed areas [in Myanmar].
U Kyaw Soe Lynn World Bank media ofcer

report to the World Bank and if they accept, we will implement the project. The project aims to improve basic infrastructure and services. Funds will be managed by residents committees and directed toward building and repairing schools, roads and bridges. In the rst year, we will repair basic infrastructure recommended by the residents, then build new buildings in the area in the second and third years, Daw Lei Yin Win said. The rst phase of the project (2013-

2014), was carried out in Namhsan township in northern Shan State, Kanpetlet township in Chin State and Kyun Su township in Tanintharyi Region. Most of the townships are the poorest and least developed areas [in Myanmar], said U Kyaw Soe Lynn, the media officer at the World Bank office in Myanmar. The project aims to help 3.5 million people in rural communities, he added. Launched in November 2012, it will run through to January 2019.

After raid on office, Sunlight editor strikes out alone

MYAT KHIN newsroom@mmtimes.com A NEW sun has risen to shed more light and heat on the controversy surrounding Myanmars Miss World entrant, Ma Moe Set Wine, and other scandals of Myanmars rich and famous. Following the still-unsolved smash-and-grab raid that effectively closed the news journal Thuriya Alin (Sunlight), its former chief editor has announced the opening of a new journal, Thuriya Nay Wun (The Suns Rays). The rst issue appeared on October 26. I relaunched the journal under a different name, Thuriya Nay Wun, with a new concept: ending dictatorship and struggling against the exploitative acts of cronies, said U Moe Hein, a member of 88 Generation student group, who returned to Yangon in 2012 after 12 years residency in United States as a US citizen. He will act as chief executive officer of the new publication. On October 18, in what turned out to be its last issue, Thuriya Alin ran a story on Ma Moe Set Wine, who is in Moscow this week competing for the Miss Universe crown, pointing the nger at the cronies said to be backing her. Another article castigated U Nay Shwe Thway Aung, who, better known as Pho La Pyae, is the grandson of former Senior General Than Shwe. The journals chief executive U Moe Hein alleges that the following night a large group of people broke into the Thuriya Alin offices on Kabar Aye Pagoda Road, disabled the security cameras and made off with 14 desktop computers and other equipment. They apparently meant to take the leftover copies of [the last] issue, but changed their minds, he said. U Moe Hein said U Yu Naing, publisher of Thuriya Alin, then announced that publication had been halted forthwith, and placed an apology in the state-owned New Light of Myanmar on October 21 criticising the editor for publishing articles savagely attacking public gures. The controversy has certainly attracted attention. The street price of the last issue of Thuriya Alin immediately shot from K600 to K2000 but

MPs seek to take sting out of protest law


U Moe Hein, chief executive officer of Thuriya Nay Wun. Photo: Aung Htay Hlaing

not all are supportive of the line the journal adopted. The Myanmar Journalists Network (MJN) issued a statement on October 30 criticising Thuriya Alin for lacking integrity. [These articles] have violated journalistic ethics and lack reliable facts. The articles agrantly attack individuals, the general secretary of the network, U Myint Kyaw, told The Myanmar Times. I nd no merit at all in any of their articles. They are just abusive, he added. U Myint Kyaw said readers would lose faith in the media if they continued to publish personal attacks on public gures. They know people hate the former military authorities and their cronies, so theyre digging up dirt on them. This is just taking advantage of human weakness, he said. Freedom of expression is all very well, but journalists should stick to ethical guidelines.

U Moe Hein said the raid was just the start of his troubles. Starting the new publication has been a challenge. He has had to relocate his office to a house on Botataung Zay Road in Pazundaung township, which is owned by his family, because no one else will rent to him. I am still having trouble hiring a driver, he added. My childhood friend, U Yu Naing, has parted company with me. Im sure someone put pressure on him to halt publication. U Moe Hein said he felt guilty about living well and enjoying democracy in the US, and wanted to do something to help the people of Myanmar. Returning to Yangon, he set up his journal. One of its aims was to stop people who took advantage for their own ends. Weve faced many challenges, U Moe Hein said. Half of the staff have resigned because theyre afraid to work with us.

AN MP who plans to table amendments to the controversial Peaceful Assembly and Peaceful Procession Law says he is certain his fellow representatives will approve them. The changes would remove section 18 of the law, which contains punishments for violations and has been used to charge more than 100 people since the law came into force. Pyithu Hluttaw representative Thura U Aung Ko, who is also chair of the Judicial and Legal Affairs Committee, said he plans to submit the changes to the hluttaw in the coming week. We dont accept [the manner in which the law] restricts the right to freedom of expression. When that happens, people get intimidated, he said. This proposal will be approved certainly. Im sure of it. After drafting the amendments, Thura U Aung Ko said he presented them to Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Speaker Thura U Shwe Mann, who expressed his support for the changes. Thura U Aung Ko said the changes were needed to fulll President U Thein Seins promise to free all

political prisoners this year. Section 18 of the law states that those who want to stage a peaceful assembly or procession must apply for permission from the township police chief and township administrator at least ve days in advance. If they fail to do this or proceed with an assembly or procession that has been banned they face a one-year jail term, a K30,000 ne or both. Civil society groups and activists have been calling for the law to be amended or repealed since it was introduced in 2011. Section 18 simply shouldnt exist. We welcome this proposal [to remove it], said U Tun Kyi from the Former Political Prisoners group. He said forcing people to apply for permission from the township police chief violates section 354 of the constitution, which says citizens can express their desire freely. Ko Nay Lin Oo was charged four times under the Peaceful Assembly and Peaceful Procession Law in 2012 for organising demonstrations in Yangon without permission from township authorities. He has since faced courts in Sanchaung, Shwe Pyi Thar, Insein and Mayangone townships, receiving three K10,000 nes. One case is continuing. I dont think we should have laws with provisions like section 18 in our country anymore, he said. Translation by Thiri Min Htun

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Illegal crossings causing train accidents

AYE NYEIN WIN ayenyeinwin.mcm@gmail.com UNOFFICIAL level crossings, built by villagers across railway lines, are putting lives at risk, railway officials say, citing an increase in the number of accidents along the Yangon-Mandalay and Yangon-Pyay routes. There are legal crossing points, with gates, sirens and warning signs, for traffic, including carts. But there are more trains than before, and a lot of villages along the tracks. In some places, villagers have built their own crossings, even putting down sandbags across the tracks. This has caused accidents, said U Zaw Phay Sein, a Myanma Railways official for its No 6 district. The villages increasingly rely on the railway and the population has also increased. Myanma Railways has established one gate every mile. But crossing elsewhere can cause delays, or accidents. If people want a new crossing they can ask the rail department, and we will consider creating a new gate. Trains run at about 30 miles an hour (50 kilometres an hour) and cannot stop quickly, he said. People sometimes use unauthorised crossing points when they can do so without being seen by the signal staff. Most accidents occur because motorcyclists suddenly appear in the path of the train, said U Zaw Phay Sein. There were 19 accidents in 2012 in the 15 areas within Myanma Railways No 6 district, and 16 accidents so far this year between January and October. There are many more accidents we dont know about, causing injury and death, U Zaw Phay Sein said. Its hard to take action when the whole village uses these unofficial crossings.

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Methamphetamine use on the rise: UNODC

TIM MCLAUGHLIN name@myanmartimes.com.mm THE United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime has painted a bleak picture of Myanmars ght against drugs in its latest report. The agency cited evidence of rapidly increasing methamphetamine use as well as opium production, which now accounts for about 10 percent of global output. Patterns and Trends of Amphetamine-Type Stimulants and Other Drugs: Challenges for Asia and the Pacic said 2012 saw an increase in methamphetamine seizures and methamphetamine-related arrests, as well as the number of patients in drug treatment facilities. It said these are key indicators that point to a rise in the use of the drug, which is most commonly distributed in tablet form and is known locally as yama. More than 18.2 million meth pills were seized in Myanmar last year, a massive increase over the 5.8 million seized in 2011 but below the record haul of 23.8 million in 2009. The report said 1815 people were arrested on methamphetamine pill-related charges, a 15 percent increase over last year. Though the number of people admitted to Yangon Mental Health Hospital for psychiatric treatment related to the use of amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS), including methamphetamine, has risen consistently over the past ve years, just 68 people received treatment in 2012, the report said, citing statistics provided by the Myanmar Central Committee for Drug Abuse Control (CCDAC). Myanmars increasing methamphetamine problem is consistent with a growing market for ATS drugs in the Asia and Pacic region. Cambodia, China, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam all reported increasing methamphetamine pill use in 2012. Despite the rise in methamphetamine use, heroin and opium continue to be the substances most widely used in the country. Last year, the area under opium poppy cultivation and potential opium production both reached their highest levels since 2003. The total area under opium poppy cultivation was estimated at 51,000 hectares, a 17pc increase from the 43,600 hectares under cultivation in 2011. Potential opium production also saw a sharp increase, up 13pc to 690 tonnes in 2012 from 610 tonnes in 2011. Myanmar ranks second behind Afghanistan in opium production and an estimated 300,000 households were involved in opium poppy cultivation in 2012. Production and trafficking of opium, heroin and methamphetamine remain centred on eastern Shan State. The majority of methamphetamine pills manufactured in Myanmar are trafficked directly to Thailand or via Laos. Most of Myanmars heroin, meanwhile, ows to China.

Palaung group accuse of failing to control dr

Militias in northern Shan State are producing illicit drugs and the military is giving



A man smokes an opium pipe in northern Shan State. Photo: Aung Htay Hlaing

Farmers in Pyin Oo Lwin forming labour groups

FREQUENT disputes over farmland in Pyin Oo Lwin township have prompted the formation of more than 30 farm labour groups this year as farmers come together to defend their rights, an NGO says. Farmers will improve their knowledge and can link widely with similar groups as a result of banding together, Ko Nyi Nyi of the Facilitators Network with ILO said. He added that the network will conduct education programs for farmers, as well as offer aid to those caught up in land disputes in the township. These groups can actually benet us, said farmer U Kyi Aung, who said he and his fellow farmers been heartened by collaborating with others in a similar situation to their own. Land disputes are common in Pyin Oo Lwin township, where land is highly prized for its agricultural production. More than 60 villages have been the subject of land disputes. Si Thu Lwin, translation by Zar Zar Soe

WIDESPREAD drug trafficking and abuse is the root cause of military conict in northern Shan State, says the leader of a minority ethnic army. And the Tatmadaw, along with a local militia, are directly to blame, the group says. The militia are doing drug trafcking. Who is responsible for that that [the militia] is able to [traffic drugs]? The [Tatmadaw] are, the commander-in-chief of the Ta Aung National Liberation Army, Brigadier General Tar Ho Plan, said in a recent interview. The brigadier general pointed the nger at a group based in Namhkam township known as the Pansay militia, whose leader is a member of the state parliament. The militia leader could not be contacted for comment. But Brig Gen Tar Ho Plan said it was difficult for the TNLA to target drug traffickers associated with the militia because of their links to the Tatmadaw. For businesspeople or private trafckers, we can easily arrest them, he said. Speaking to The Myanmar Times in Sal Lang village in Manton township in northern Shan State, Brig Gen Tar Ho Plan said that the TNLA aims to abolish all illicit drugs, including heroin, opium and methamphetamine, by 2017 in areas under its control, which include parts of Mantong, Kutkai, Mogok and Namhkam townships. If we dont act decisively over this drug problem, almost all the Taang [Palaung] young people will be drug users. There are very few educated young people. Its very worrying for the future, he said. U Myint Aung Tun, a community

leader from Tar Sone village in Namkham, said villages in the area need groups like the TNLA to take action against the growing drug problem in the absence of meaningful government action. There are drug sellers. We have [Tatmadaw soldiers] near my village. But they are just ignoring it, U Myint Aung Tun said. In my village, almost 90pc of young people use drugs. It makes them poorer and poorer and also affects their education. He added that the situation had improved after the TNLA began

trying to tackle the problem. However, there are areas under the control of militias where the TNLA cant take action, he said. The anti-drug campaign is a major policy of the TNLA, which was formed in 2011, and its political wing, the Palaung State Liberation Front. According to the United Nations Office on Drug and Crimes South East Asia Opium Survey 2012, northern Shan State accounts for 12 percent of total poppy cultivation in the country, with an estimated 6300 acres. Brig Gen Tar Ho Plan said the


Cementhai Property (2001) Public Company Limited, a company incorporated in Thailand, of 1 Siam Cement Road, Bangsue Subdistrict, Bangsue District, Bangkok, Thailand, is the Owner of the following Trade Marks:-

Reg. No. 10325/2013

Reg. No. 10326/2013 in respect of Class 12: Vehicle tyres; Flaps for vehicle tyres; Tubes for vehicle tyres. Fraudulent imitation or unauthorised use of the said Trade Marks will be dealt with according to law. Win Mu Tin, M.A., H.G.P., D.B.L for Cementhai Property (2001) Public Company Limited P. O. Box 60, Yangon E-mail: makhinkyi.law@mptmail.net.mm Dated: 11 November 2013


News 19

ses Tatmadaw drug trade

them a free rein, the Palaung State Liberation Front says

GP society plans private college to bridge graduate skills gap


LEADERS in Myanmars medical community are trying to establish an independent college that will provide young doctors with specialised training immediately after they complete medical school. Graduates are currently only able to enrol in specialisation programs after completing two years of service in the state sector. However, the Ministry of Health hires only a small proportion of medical school graduates, leaving many without access to further training. The General Practitioners Society, a branch of the Myanmar Medical Association (MMA), is spearheading the push for the private college. President Dr Tin Aye said the society aims to have the school open by 2015 but will make a nal decision on the project at its annual meeting in December. If approved, the society will meet international organisations in February to draw up a roadmap for its establishment. The international assistance, he said, will help to keep the tuition fees affordable for Myanmar doctors. He said the college proposal

has already attracted interest from the British Royal College of General Practitioners (RCGP) and an American medical university, which have offered to provide technical assistance. We have the intention to establish it as a private college, Dr Tin Aye said. Now we are trying to get permission from the Ministry of Health and are drawing a curriculum.

Estimated number of GPs in Myanmar, of whom only 9000 have undertaken postgraduate specialisation Dr Tin Aye said there are about 20,000 general practitioners in Myanmar but only 9000 have completed some kind of postgraduate study, which he attributed to the government policy requiring two years of state service. The association already offers some four-month medical courses to graduates but for the GP society to gain permission to open a college the laws concerning medical education

will have to be amended. Department of Medical Science director general Dr Than Zaw Myint said that while the existing rules ban private medical colleges the ministry is updating them. The government is not ready [for private medical colleges] but our department is preparing to draw new rules and laws for private sector medical science education, he said. Proponents of private medical colleges argue that Myanmars universities are churning out graduates who are not yet ready to practice medicine. Private colleges can address this problem and in turn help to improve the quality of health care, they say. Dr Naing Win, 26, is a general practitioner. He said the countrys medical university teaches the necessary theory but students do not receive enough practical experience. Instead, young doctors have to nd ways to improve their skills, such as by working as an assistant to an experienced GP or attending further training after they nish university. I think a general practitioner college is needed in our county because after we nish [university] we are not ready to open a clinic, he said. We have just studied the basics of medicine and surgery. We need to know about [specialised subjects such as] family care, clinic management and communication [with patients].

First electricity from waste due in October

group faced challenges tackling the drug problem because locals were initially wary of them. However, the TNLA says it was able to eradicate 3000 acres of poppy in mountainous areas of Namhkam, Mantong, Mong Ne and Mogok in 2012 alone and expects to double that amount by next year, although these gures remain unveried by independent organisations. Despite these efforts, the TNLA says it receives no assistance from the government or the international community, at least in part because it is yet to sign a ceasere agreement with the government. sustainable peace is to be achieved in Shan, he said. Mr Eligh declined to comment on the specic role of the Tatmadaw and militia groups that fall broadly under its command. As much as a political solution is needed for peace in Shan, the same must be said for drugs in Shan. In fact, one could argue that a solution to peace in Shan is not possible until there is a solution to drugs in Shan. The Shan Herald Agency for News, an ethnic minority online news outlet, reported in May 2012 the head of the Pansay militia is one of eight MPs linked to the drug trade in Shan State. While Burmas military-controlled government continues to use military means to suppress the demands of the ethnic peoples for justice and equal rights, it needs to rely on its army infrastructure, including local paramilitary forces, to suppress the ethnic resistance movements. These forces in turn are sustained by the opium trade, the report said. Bertil Lintner, a journalist and author who has been writing about Myanmar for decades, said the involvement of militias in the drug trade was common knowledge. Many peoples militia forces have to be self-sufficient, so they have to live off the land. In many areas that means collecting taxes on narcotics and even buying and selling drugs, Mr Lintner told The Myanmar Times. Monk Ashin Nanda Ka said the drug problem in his village in Mantong township, Sal Laing, has him concerned about the younger generation. He says tough anti-drug measures are crucial for ending their dependence on drugs. They [drug users] know its not good but they keep doing it. I think if there were fewer people selling drugs, there would be fewer users as well, he said. He said the TNLAs efforts since 2011 have had some impact but opium poppies are still being grown. [Cultivation] has fallen about two-thirds since 2007, he said. But we havent really seen any effort by the government to help. AYE SAPAY PHYU ayephyu2006@gmail.com WASTE-GENERATED electricity is expected to come online by next October, Yangon City Development Committee says. U Than Lwin Oo, the head of the pollution and cleaning department, said tender winners for the two wasteto-energy projects in Yangon Region have been selected and the projects are expected to start in January 2014. A South Korean company called Chasson International won the tender for a compressed natural gas (CNG) plant at the Htein Pin garbage collection site in Hlaing Tharyar township, while a joint venture between Zeya and Associates and Hyundai Rotem won the tender for the electricitygenerating plant at Dawei Chaung in North Dagon. The Htein Pin project will be implemented in three years, producing 12 megawatts an hour in the rst year, 10MW in the second year and 8MW in the third. The Dawei Chaung project will generate 15.4MW an hour after two years, he said. U Than Lwin Oo said memoranda of agreements, or MoAs, are due to be signed by the end of this year. If so, the project will be implemented early next year and Htein Pin should be generating 12MW by October 2014, he said. He said the Yangon Electricity Supply Board would buy and distribute the power from the plants, but nal agreement would be conrmed after the MoAs are signed. U Than Lwin Oo said 1400 tonnes of organic and inorganic waste from Htein Pin and Dawei Chaung would be used for electricity projects, which will also promote environmental conservation.

In my village, almost 90pc of young people use drugs. It makes them poorer and poorer and affects their education.
U Myint Aung Tun Community leader, Namhkam

While the TNLA insisted drug eradication be a part of any ceasere agreement, the issue was not discussed at peace talks with the government in Muse in July, the group says. The TNLAs apparently zero-tolerance approach contrasts with that of many other armed ethnic groups, which rely on drug trafficking either directly or indirectly to survive. Jason Eligh, country manager of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, said some ethnic armed groups do not produce drugs but make money from taxing drug shipments that move through their areas of control. The complexities of this illicit trade, linked intimately with the perpetuation of localised corruption, conict and insecurity, [are] something that needs to be addressed if a


News 23

Traffic accident scam takes off in Mandalay

SI THU LWIN sithulwin.mmtimes@gmail.com AS the number of vehicles increases in Mandalay, residents are reporting a rise in motorists faking traffic accidents to demand compensation. They go for vehicles with only one motorist, said Ko Sai Sai from Aung Myay Thar San township, who was recently targeted by the scam. They followed my car, and then forced me to stop by driving at a high speed with their motorcycle when we reached a place that was not crowded. They brushed by my car and then threatened me, telling me to pay compensation on the spot. He paid the money, he said, because he was intimidated. I didnt want to say too much to them because they were in a group, he said. Daw Sein Sein, 50, told The Myanmar Times that she had faced a similar type of scam. I always drive my car slowly. A group with motorcycles followed me and a motorcycle brushed by my car, she said. Then they asked me to give K30,000 (US$30). They drove off when I told them I would give compensation for repairs but would also call the traffic police. She urged others to be vigilant to the methods of the motorcycle gang. I told my children to call the trafc police [if there is an accident] regardless of whatever happens, she said. A police sergeant from Aung Myay Thar San township said police are aware of the scam. We are taking action effectively against those who are asking for money by pretending they have had road accidents, he said. In Myanmar, it is common for motorists involved in an accident to settle matters privately rather than contact police so that they can avoid a lengthy and potentially expensive investigation, and the possibility of having to go to court. Despite this reluctance, traffic police in Mandalay say the increase in vehicles has meant an upsurge in work, the police sergeant said. There are a lot of traffic accidents, he said. Some are solved on the spot, as soon as they face the accident, but some are settled in the court. There are more than 540,000 vehicles registered in Mandalay, according to gures from the Road Transport Administration Department. The majority of these are motorcycles, with about 40,000 registered cars. Translation by Thiri Min Htun

MPs seek change to chief minister selection process

Heads of state and region governments should be chosen by regional parliaments, not president, MPs say
government budgets and how the money is spent. Daw Hla Myat Thwe, the representative for Yegyi 2 in Ayeyarwady Region, said the exclusion of MPs from budgetary decision-making has a signicant impact on how money is spent. In Ayeyarwady Region, the budget allocation is fairly small for social, education and health, but huge amounts go toward infrastructure development, she said. MPs are also under no illusions where chief ministers allegiances lie: Section 262(l)(i) explicitly states they shall be responsible to the president. This means chief ministers pay less attention to what the public says, according to U Win Myint, the minister for Intha affairs in Shan State. They are working for the president rather than the parliament, he said.


Members of the Green Kennedy Group plant saplings on Mt Kennedy in Chin State. Photo: Supplied

Chin group to reforest Mt Kennedy

AYE SAPAY PHYU ayephyu2006@gmail.com A PUBLIC campaign to conserve the beauty of Chin State by preserving the states symbol, the rhododendron or taung zalat ower, is to start in upper Chin State in November. U Hlaing Aung, president of the Green Kennedy Group, a communitybased organisation in Kale, Sagaing Region, said that most taung zalat grow in the Mt Kennedy ranges above 1800 metres (6000 feet), between Tiddim and Kale townships in northern Chin State. The taung zalat usually blossoms in December and January. When people pluck the ower, they destroy part of the tree, and then the ower withers in the heat. This month, we will put up vinyl posters urging people not to ruin the beauty of the state, he said. He said the group also plans to grow 20,000 cherry trees between Mt Kennedy and Thing Ngyin village, at the junction of roads linking Kale, Tiddim and Haka, next rainy season. Taung zalat and cherries are the beauty of that area. Mt Kennedy, which is 2661m [8871 feet] high, commands a wonderful view of northern Chin State, and it can become a nice tourist attraction if we support its natural beauty with owers, U Hlaing Aung said. He said the group had already collected the plants to grow along the 9-kilometre (5-mile) route, but is seeking funding to cover the costs of planting. He added that deforestation was a signicant issue around Mt Kennedy because of hillside cultivation. There used to be tigers and various species of bird in the thick forest in that area. Deforestation has been extensive since 1993. People cut the large trees to make potato plantations. Now we see the consequences, including ooding and erosion, he said. U Hlaing Aung said the group had begun reforesting the area with cherry and pine trees since 2012. Our aim is to green the area again.

REGION hluttaw MPs are pushing for the recently established constitution review committee to propose an amendment that would give regional parliaments control over the appointment of chief ministers. They argue it would be an important step for decentralisation, as the chief minister of each of the 14 state and region governments is currently selected by the president from among elected hluttaw representatives. While hluttaw representatives can vote on the presidents choice, they can only reject the candidate if it can clearly be proved that the person concerned does not meet the qualications of the chief minister of the region or state, the constitution states. The approved chief ministers then form the state and region governments. The current system, whereby the president directly appoints region or state chief ministers, goes totally against the idea of decentralisation, said Yangon Region Hluttaw representative Daw Nyo Nyo Thin. Another concern is that while the constitution forbids the president and members of the government from taking part in political party activities, it contains no such provision for chief ministers. At present, most hold senior positions in the Union Solidarity and Development Party. Region and state chief ministers are at the same time the [region or state] chairperson of their political party. This makes it hard for many representatives in the legislature to object to what their chief minister says, Daw Nyo Nyo Thin said. Chief ministers are the only regionlevel officials who are involved in the Union Finance Commission, which MPs say gives the parliament little control over the size of the regional

The current system ... goes totally against the idea of decentralisation.
Daw Nyo Nyo Thin Yangon Region Hluttaw MP

The issue is at least likely to be discussed by the review committee before it nalises its report on sections of the constitution that should be amended. U Ye Tun, the Pyithu Hluttaw representative for Hsipaw from the Shan Nationalities Democratic Party, said his party will propose that regional legislatures be given the power to appoint chief ministers. In the national legislature, elected MPs select two of the three presidential candidates, and then get to vote on which they prefer for the presidency. The public will never be satised if chief ministers are chosen by the president, he said, instead of through the votes of the public. Translation by Zar Zar Soe

24 News


A man takes a photo of a newly discovered building near the site of Thai King Udombharas tomb in Mandalays Amarapura township. Photo: Phyo Wai Kyaw

Tomb dig yields new discovery

PHYO WAI KYAW HLAING KYAW SOE newsroom@mmtimes.com AS part of ongoing excavations at the resting place of an 18th-century Thai king, archaeologists in Mandalay say theyve discovered the remains of a building they believe was once a monastery. After Thai King Udombhara was captured during the sacking of Ayuthaya in Thailand in the 1760s, he was brought back to Myanmar along with thousands of other prisoners of war. He spent the next 29 years living in Myanmar as a monk, but the location of his grave was lost after his death. For the past eight months, a dig has been underway at Amarapuras Linn Zin Kone cemetery, located about 16 kilometres (10 miles) south of Mandalay, beside Taungthaman Lake. Those involved in the joint Thai-Myanmar excavation say that urns and other evidence discovered at the site make a convincing case that Linn Zin Kone cemetery is the kings burial ground. They also say theyve now unearthed another fascinating nd: the remains of a building they believe once served as a monastery. We continued the excavation at the site believed to be a monastery, and found a building that we believe was used to hold stone inscriptions, said U Phoe Wai, a member of the group searching and excavating historical records. We have also found a glazed gutter but so far we have only excavated the surface. U Phoe Wai said the site, which will ultimately become a historical park, is already proving a hit with visitors. More than 1000 tourists have come to see the site while it is being excavated, he said, adding that most visitors are from Thailand, America, Germany and China. Thai team member Vichit Chinalai said the site will be handed over to the regional government as a gift once work is complete. Thai groups are funding the excavation project.

More than 1000 tourists have come to see the site while it is being excavated.
U Phoe Wai Member of excavation team

Some locals think that Thai people have come here to take this land, Mr Vichit said. Thats wrong. This project is not a business for us. It is just to build a good relationship between Myanmar and Thailand. He added that while he couldnt estimate the projects total cost, it is already employing about 100 people from the area. In the past, this place was overgrown and looked like a potential crime scene. But it will become a historical park that tourists will want to visit. Translation by Thiri Min Htun


MUNDIPHARMA AG, a company incorporated in Switzerland, of St. Alban-Rheinweg 74, CH-4020 Basel, Switzerland, is the Owner of the following Trade Marks:-


Reg. No. 10759/2013 Reg. No. 10758/2013

Reg. No. 10760/2013 in respect of Class 5: Analgesics and other pharmaceutical preparations. Fraudulent imitation or unauthorised use of the said Trade Marks will be dealt with according to law. Win Mu Tin, M.A., H.G.P., D.B.L for MUNDIPHARMA AG P. O. Box 60, Yangon Dated: 11 November 2013


Investors avoiding fisheries
MYAT NYEIN AYE myatnyeinaye11092@gmail.com FOREIGN investors are staying away from Myanmars sheries industry due to a lack of infrastructure and the prospect of prolonged returns, experts said. According to gures released last week by the Directorate of Investment and Company Administration (DICA), the sheries and livestock sector has attracted just US$347.474 million between 26 companies, representing a mere 0.79 percent of the total $1.8 billion foreign investment inow as of September 30. When the government passed its foreign investment law a year ago, hopes were high that investment would pour into the sheries sector. But so far this has not happened. Farming production is still falling because of a lack of investment. We need money from government and foreign investors to upgrade our businesses, said U Win Kyaing, general secretary of the Myanmar Farmers Federation. Though would-be investors meet with farmers, there is little follow-up. We welcome them warmly and invite them to visit our farms. But they dont seem interested, and they dont invest. Weve had plenty of discussions with foreign organisations about loans or micro-nancing, but its just talk, he said. Fisheries experts said investors might be frightened off by political uncertainty and infrastructure defects, and suggest that the foreign investment law could be improved. Electricity supply and transportation need improvement, and the sheries sector requires long-term investment, said U Toe Nandar Tin, an executive member of MFF. The investment drought persists despite the best efforts of local players holding exhibitions and conferences designed to pique interest, sheries experts claim.

World Bank warns of high

THE World Bank has warned that the authorities should keep a close eye on consumer prices after data released by the government last week pointed to recent ination growing over 7 percent. According to data released by the Central Statistical Organisation (CSO) for Myanmar, which operates under the Ministry of Planning and Economic Development, Myanmars year-on-year ination reached 7.33pc for the month of August due to high food, gas and electricity prices. The sudden increase comes following low ination rates averaging 2.8pc in 2012-13. It will be important for the authorities to keep a close eye on the situation so that it does not get out of hand, Daw May Thet Zin, the World Banks country economist for Myanmar, said in a press release that accompanied the launch of its new Myanmar Economic Monitor report. Rising ination is always a cause for concern since it hurts the poor disproportionately, but economies do sometimes experience rising ination, especially when in transition as is the case in Myanmar, she continued. The World Bank report shows that higher ination may begin to weaken the purchasing power of the kyat, while driving down the competitiveness of Myanmars exports. According to CSO data, the price of


Myanmars year-on-year ination for the month of August

With inflation on the rise, the price for meats grew 8.5 percent from September to August, according to government data. Photo: Sta

Myanmars staple food, rice, increased 14.46pc from September 2012 to August, while gas and electricity prices grew 9.58pc during the same period. The price for meat, sh and eggs, meanwhile, increased 8.5pc. Following low ination in 2012-13, an increase in food prices and housing rental costs sent ination up to 6pc in

December 2012 then dropped to 4.7pc in March before the latest increase. The ination rate has not changed dramatically while some prices are up and some of them are down in CSO, but we could not say right now that the price is stable, said a Central Bank official, acknowledging that the government should

continue to monitor price uctuations in the market. The current rate does not have a big impact on salaries, which have increased while consumption is growing, but on the other hand the government has to effectively manage consumer prices before they get worse, he said.

BUSINESS EDITOR: Philip Heijmans | pheijmans13@gmail.com


Group gives local entrepreneurs a space of their own


Dagon town: the darling of Yangon


Exchange Rates (November 8 close)

Euro Malaysia Ringitt Singapore Dollar Thai Baht US Dollar

K1297 K302 K778 K31 K970

K1302 K305 K783 K31.50 K972

h inflation
he said, the price of rice had come down to about K320,000 per ton. Ination hit 20-30pc during the 2003 banking crisis, although far short of the 60pc level recorded in the 1990s when the government would print money to keep up with skyrocketing prices. The Central Bank has said in the past that the weakening of the kyat against the US dollar in the

New auto restrictions may have little impact on quality of imports


Rising ination is always a cause for concern since it hurts the poor disproportionately, but economies do sometimes experience rising ination.
May Thet Zin Country Economist at the World Bank


One of the tools the government has at its disposal is to release food stocks to the general public in order to offset price increases, something it has already announced it has done in the case of rice stocks in August, when prices were as high as K400,000 per tonne, said U Win Myint, spokesman for Ministry of Commerce. Since then,

past year has further increased ination. The dollar now trades for about K973, compared with K850 a year ago, according to the Banks website. However, some experts have contrasted the notion, saying that the US dollar exchange rate against the kyat is still fair and not too low to invite ination. It gives a boost to the competitiveness of Myanmars exports and import substitutes, while at the same time making the country a more attractive location for foreign investment, Sean Turnell, an expert in Myanmars economy at Australias Macquarie University, told The Myanmar Times last month.

WITH traffic congestion in Yangon bad and road accidents even worse, experts and customs officials are worried that new rules aimed at deterring importers from bringing in old and potentially unsafe vehicles will do little to resolve the situation. Ministry of Commerce spokesman U Min Min told The Myanmar Times that beginning next year, the government will ban the import of vehicle models that predate the year 2000 as a part of its long-term strategy to cut down the number of unsafe vehicles on the road. Even so, U Min Min said that such a policy may not deter certain importers, who have taken to cheating customs officials by claiming vehicles are newer than they actually are. Now, we will dene legal auto import models as being from the year 2000 up to 2008, but I think importers will try and bring in cheaper 1999 models, he said. He said that Myanmar would ideally like to bring its auto import restrictions in line with the international standard by capping used imports at models less than ve years old, but did not want to discourage importers of older vehicle models from investing in the burgeoning auto market. An official from the customs department, who requested anonymity, said that loose interpretation of the new rule by both importers and customs officials would greatly diminish its impact as older models currently being imported are only subject to a marginal ne of K100,000 per vehicle. Myanmar began imposing restrictions on imported vehicles last year, allowing in only models manufactured in 1996 or later. This year, a revised

Imported vehicles arrive in Yangon by ship like the one shown above. Photo: Thet Htoo

restriction shrinks the age of permissible models to those manufactured between 1997 and 2007. The 2014 import restrictions will dramatically shift the car market toward newer models. Since the car replacement scheme began two years ago, more than 200,000 cars have been imported, while the government has authorized more than a third of its 100 auto distribution centres to import 2008 to 2012 models. Imports of 2012 and 2013 models can also be accommodated for personal use so long as they are lefthand drive only. But with over 300,000 cars already registered at Road Transport Administration Department, according to U Min Min, some are questioning the

Number of cars imported into Myanmar over the past two years.

governments long-term strategy for dealing with the number of vehicles on the road. Colonel Kyaw Htwe of the Nay Pyi Taw traffic police department said the continued importing of used cars would only lead to further congestion and accidents. Our country is still poor and the government wants citizens to drive. But the towns have not enough land to extend the road areas. In my opinion, they should allow the [importing of] cars produced at least within the last ve years. The government should plan for the next 10 to 15 years if they allow the importing of cars, he said. More than 2000 people were killed in about 7600 traffic accidents across Myanmar from January to August, according to local reports. Traffic jams and accidents are not related to imports, said Ko Win Ko, the owner of Win Ko Auto. Theyre caused by people who dont follow discipline. Public transportation and private cars should follow the rules. Compared with the population, there are too few cars.

Factories in Yangon told to clean up their waste water emissions
The Yangon City Development Committee has ordered factories found to be emitting dangerous waste water to take action by the end of the year to process efuent effectively before releasing it. There are 78 factories that dispose of polluted waste water without purication, said U Than Lwin Oo, head of YCDCs pollution and cleaning department. We warned them in September to take the necessary purication action, and have observed that some factories are taking steps to set up a standard waste water disposal system. We gave them the December deadline, and will commence action next year against factories that have taken no steps to comply, he said. The 78 businesses on notice just some of the 3264 factories in the 24 industrial zones under YCDC jurisdiction include distilleries, leather plants and seafood freezing factories. Aye Sapay Phyu

Government gives SMEs OK to import second-hand machinery

Small and medium-sized companies can now import second-hand machinery, the government announced. Deputy Minister for Commerce U Pwint San said during a meeting last week in Mandalay Region that restrictions had been put in place in the past because the government believed local companies were not experienced enough to avoid being cheated, but said those import restrictions have now been lifted. We have allowed the importation of reconditioned or used machines because businesspersons now have the appropriate experience, he said. Ko Ye Win Aung, a businessman from the Mandalay Industrial Zone, said the move would help businesses save money. Id like to import new machinery for my company, but I have to buy used machines because I dont want to tie up a lot of capital, he said. Than Naing Soe, translation by Thiri Min Htun

28 Business


Daiwa urges upgrades to banking ahead of bourse

AYE THIDAR KYAW ayethidarkyaw@gmail.com THE domestic banking sector needs an upgrade, including a code of conduct, ahead of the launch of the stock exchange market, said Masahiro Ushiyama, senior managing director of consultants Daiwa Institute of Research Ltd (DIR), last week. The think tank will work with about 10 to 12 public companies, including banks, to assist the transition to public trading, Mr Masahiro said on November 1, though he did not reveal which companies. Speaking from his office in Yangon, he said DIR plans to provide computer terminals, kiosks, biometric authentication and digital reports for investors. He also said its vital that all involved with the new stock exchange adhere to a shared code of conduct. We believe that the most important thing is to build consensus among all stakeholders in Myanmar, he said. As soon as government officials complete the consensus-building and the Security Exchange Centre starts operations, we will start to modify the material, he said.

Photo: Commons

Mr Masahiro recommended banks establish subsidiaries as securities companies, as he expects maybe two or three times the current number of public companies after one year of stock exchange operation. Mr Masahiro said its important to set up settlement banks to clear payments between listed companies and buyers, saying that while the commercial banks are doing settlements

between banks in transferring money, they have yet to provide the service for public companies. While banks currently do manual settlement, he said, online settlement can be expected alongside the new stock exchange market, which he expects to be fully ready for trading in October 2015, later than Deputy Minister for Finance U Maung Maung Theins estimate of late 2014.

Manufacturing funds to double

AYE THIDAR KYAW ayethidarkyaw@gmail.com FOREIGN investment into the manufacturing sector this year has already more than doubled all of last year, said director general U Aung Naing Oo of DICA, the Directorate of Investment and Company Administration. From April through September, nearly US$1.8 billion has owed into the country, of which nearly $1 billion has gone to manufacturing, compared to $1.4 billion for the whole of the 20122013 scal year, when about $400 million went to manufacturing, according to DICA. The increase is attributed to the passage of the foreign investment law a year ago. DICA had opened a One-Stop Services facility in April, to help citizens and foreigners set up a business. About 60 percent of investment this year, from China, Hong Kong, Japan, Singapore and EU countries, is going to manufacturing, especially in the garment industry, followed by investment in services such as the hotel business, he said. We are no longer inviting just any kind of investment, but encouraging labour-intensive industry and quality investments, said U Aung Naing Oo. Some reform was needed to make the law more user-friendly, and the countrys infrastructure and banking industry needed updating, he said. Economist U Hla Maung said power cuts and the recent rise in electricity charges could also have repercussions for investors. Myanmar was the second most expensive country in Asia for land prices, and foreigners were not allowed by law to buy land here, he added. We have to rely on foreign investment because we need capital and technology, he said. But investing in the garment industry will not provide those requirements, he said, adding that garment work created jobs but added little in terms of technology transfer or contribution to GDP. Myanmar would welcome the IT and cosmetics industries, said U Hla Maung.

Foreign direct investment into the manufacturing sector so far this year.




Business 29

The Superstars of FDI

JEREMY RATHJEN jeremy.rathjen@thuraswiss.com IN 1981 economist Sherwin Rosen published a seminal paper called The Economics of Superstars in which he argues that, in certain environments, being slightly better than your competition can result in enormous advantages. Consider Miss Universe Myanmar, Ma Moe Set Wine. If we assume she won the domestic Miss Universe competition by only a few points, those points at a slight margin above the runner-up have given her a huge advantage in the form of sponsorships, speaking opportunities and general fame. In essence, a minor scoring uptick has had an exponential effect. This superstar effect, where a winner-take-all environment produces vastly different results for participants, is apparent in Myanmars FDI sector too. A few local companies had small advantages over their competition (ie not being on the sanctions list) that have produced considerable benets. The most obvious example of this phenomenon is local conglomerate Serge Pun & Associates (SPA) and its affiliates. Having a slight edge over its local competition in terms of transparency and reputation, it has become an investment magnet, inking deals at a furious pace. Since 2011 it has linked up with Volkswagen, Mitsubishi, Origo Partners, Dragages, Jebsen & Jessen, Parkson, Hongkong & Shanghai Hotels and more; meanwhile its competitors continue to struggle with issues related to the Specially Designated Nationals list. Thus, a feedback loop has been created where a few qualied companies receive the majority of foreign capital inows. This capital helps them to succeed, which in turn attracts additional investors, continuing the process. A small initial advantage turns into substantial long-term results. But access to foreign capital does not guarantee success. Just how large of an advantage foreign funding will produce remains unclear. Given Myanmars outstanding loans-to-GDP ratio companies will likely have difficulty nancing expansion through local banks. If competition increases signicantly over the next few years, undercapitalised domestic companies could be in trouble. A tight credit market and the inability to access foreign funding would mean losing ground quickly. And thats when the true advantage of being an FDI superstar will come to light.
Jeremy Rathjen is Vice President at Thura Swiss, a local research, consulting and capital markets firm.

Paper-makers unable to compete with imports


A LACK of locally produced high quality paper means printers are heavily dependent on imported stock, dealers say although strong demand may allow the country to learn from industry leaders like Indonesia over the next few years. With paper consumption high in Myanmar, consumers of imported paper tend to focus more on price than quality, according to one paper import company spokesperson. We have no choice as our country cant produce the same quality as imported paper. So we just find the sources who can import at the minimum prices and we sell it locally at a fair price, said Ma Zarchi, manager of Taw Win Myint Mo Company. Ma Zarchi said the Myanmar paper market is influenced mostly by Indonesian-made paper, which she called a strong product with a

reasonable price. Local paper shop owner U Kyaw Win, who orders imported paper via local companies, agreed. The Indonesian paper is the best, as far as I know. After that follows Thai-, Chinese- and Indian-made paper. Myanmar International Printing Industry Exhibition, a paper trade show held last month at Yangons Parkroyal Hotel, played host to international suppliers such as Elof Hansson and showed off samples of newsprint, uncoated wood-free offset paper, coated wood-free art paper and other types of paper to potential buyers.

Tonnes of paper produced out of Indonesia each year.



Myanmar is now opening up and we are getting to know more about Myanmar, said M Ashok, the companys divisional manager in India. What India was in 1990s, Myanmar is today. When a country starts to grow, the paper market will grow automatically and the demand for paper grows. Mr Ashok said India was not a big exporter of paper, due to high domestic demand. But he said the country exports more than 1 million tonnes of its 9.3 million tonnes produced per year to African nations, and is also starting to look closer to home. What we expect now is India will get duty-free export within ASEAN countries in 2015, so [the Asian market is] opening up and India wants a big role to play. U Win Sein, sole local distributer of Elof Hansson paper products, said Myanmars meagre paper business shows very good promise over the next 20 years. Our local paper industries failed to produce quality paper, he said. So if the international companies are coming in, we can get their technology.

Government mulls tax increase in order to boost GDP
The government is considering increasing taxes including income tax to swell the nations coffers, according to Internal Revenue Department. We are talking about it, the director of the Internal Revenue Department, U Tun Than, told The Myanmar Times. He said for now the department is looking at what taxes to increase and how, adding that its not yet certain which taxes will be increased as part of a plan to boost appropriations budgets and the GDP. After discussing it we have to report to parliament, U Tun Than said. Over the rst six months of the third scal year of the current governments term, the budget shows an estimated decit of K2.887479 trillion, according to government statistics. Nyan Lynn Aung

Ottawa BlackBerry scraps search for a buyer, gets $1 billion infusion

Blackberry abandoned hopes of nding a buyer, and instead pegged its future on a US$1 billion cash infusion as it shook up top management last week and named a new chief executive. The Waterloo, Ontario-based companys announcement comes two and a half months after its largest shareholder Fairfax Financial Holdings Inc offered to buy the rest of the business and take it private. Fairfax instead will invest $1 billion in a private placement, and Fairfax boss Prem Watsa will become lead director of BlackBerry. BlackBerry chief executive Thorsten Heins meanwhile will step down after only 22 months on the job, and will be replaced on an interim basis by longtime technology executive John Chen, a statement said. Todays announcement represents a signicant vote of condence in BlackBerry and its future by this group of preeminent, long-term investors, said Barbara Stymiest, chair of BlackBerrys board. BlackBerry had announced in August after a dismal year that it was looking for a suitor, among other strategic options. AFP

30 Business


Job watch
BM Myanmar Legal Services Limited We are associated with Baker & McKenzie a multi-cultural, global law firm serving clients needs throughout the world. MYANMAR LAWYERS We are seeking Senior, Mid-Level and Junior Lawyers. Applicants should have a good command of written and spoken Englishand other appropriate supporting skills. Please send a cover letter and resume to : info@bmmyanmar.com


A space to create in Yangon

BRIDGET DI CERTO bridget.dicerto@gmail.com IN a dimly lit cement corridor, a simple black sign hangs on the door. Hub is scrawled in white lettering. Behind here is a Myanmarlanguage answer to Google; an anywhere-anytime mobile top-up service; and the countrys rst social-media focused PR company. Along with a Myanmar business magazine and a luxury palm sugar candy line, these ventures are among the entrepreneurial projects nding their feet at Project Hub in Yangon. A rst of its kind, the vemonth-old collective space aims to give momentum to a burgeoning start-up scene in Myanmar. Allison Morris and Pete Silvester opened Project Hub in June as a unique working space for entrepreneurs. Set in an open-plan, renovated office space in the centrally located United Condo, with hipster artwork and furnishings and a retro-feel cement oor, Project Hub feels like an import direct from LA or London. Kitted out with bre optic and Redlink internet, the collective working space is open to both Myanmar and foreign members to use as an office and meeting space. We probably have about 60 percent foreign members and 40pc Myanmar, Ms Morris said of the edgling spaces popularity. Project Hub has also piloted a fellowship program. Seven fellows are working on ve projects over a ve-month fellowship sponsored by Project Hub and Swiss media group Ringier. By encouraging an entrepreneurial way of thinking outside the box, problem-solving and a customer care mindset the country can see a boom in small-medium enterprises, the foundation of a strong economy, Ms Morris said. As part of the fellowship program, the budding entrepreneurs have access to Project Hubs workspace and regular training on all aspects of setting up a business, from how to register to pitching to investors. This has been really handson, Erik Oo, who plans to launch a social-media based PR rm, said of his fellowship.
Budding entrepreneurs work at Project Hubs collective workspace in Downtowns United Condo. Photo: Aung Htay Hlaing

UNFPA Vacancy Notice

Want to be part of a team bringing positive impact directly to families within Myanmar? Join us and you will too, because at UNFPA, everyone counts. Applications are invited from interested Myanmar Nationals for the following positions. Sr.Title and Level Type of Contract Duty Station Deadline 1. Project Assistant, Nay Pyi Taw (SC-5) Service Contract Nay Pyi Taw 25 November 2013 Applications should be addressed to UNFPA Representative. Attention: International Operations Manager, Room A-07, UNFPA, No.6, Natmauk Road, Yangon. Email : myanmar.ofce@unfpa.org For further details, please see the vacancy announcement posted at UN billboard. No.6, Natmauk Road, Yangon and also at UNFPA website (http://myanmar.unfpa.org) Applications will be considered only when meeting all requirements set in detailed vacancy announcement.

There are a lot of things that we needed more practice at, like how to pitch to investors. Apart from some technical know-how, Myanmar entrepreneurs have an uphill battle to get their projects off the ground as they face skyrocketing rental prices, prohibitive loan arrangements and unreliable internet, electricity and infrastructure. One of the biggest barriers for budding entrepreneurs is the nontransparency of business start-up requirements, Ms Morris said.

People have no idea how to register a business. Theres not one website where people can go to nd information about registration and licensing, she said. The company that operates Project Hub, Morris & Silvester, will coordinate Myanmars second-ever Global Entrepreneurs Week from November 16-22. Launched by the duo in 2012, the sequel event promises more presentations, workshops and networking opportunities for aspiring entrepreneurs.


Request for Proposal (RFP) Reference No : UNFPA/ MMR/ 13/ 02

The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), Myanmar Country Office posted the invitation to submit the proposal for banking services (under the UPSPSC Code: Development finance, Accounting and bookkeeping services, Banking and investment, Insurance and retirement services, Credit agencies, Tradable ninmonetary credits, certificatesm Permits and realted services) at www.ungm.org on 1 November, 2013. The suppliers are cordially invited to submit the proposal to Email: myanmar.office@unfpa.org (OR) to UNFPA Myanmar Country Office, No. 6, Natmauk Road, Tamwe Township, Yangon before 10:00 hrs. on 29 November, 2013

Battle for beer goes to arbitration

BRIDGET DI CERTO bridget.dicerto@gmail.com THE military-linked giant Myanma Economic Holdings Limited (MEHL) announced on November 6 that it is launching arbitration against Myanmar Brewery Limited (MBL), its Singaporebased joint venture partner. In a heated media release, MEHL slammed erroneous media reports that its arbitration against Fraser & Neave Limited (F&N) was a test case for Myanmars investment laws. Seeking to limit the signicance of what could be the rst large-scale arbitration case to hit Myanmars courts since its ratication of the New York Conventionon the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards in July this year, MEHL deputy managing director U Myint Aung described the dispute as a purely contractual matter. We believe that allowing parties to exercise their contractual rights, including the right to arbitrate a dispute, will strengthen and not weaken foreign investors condence in Myanmar, U Myint Aung was quoted by his lawyers, Catherin Ong Associates, in the release. We know it will serve the interest of some parties to politicise the dispute but doing so does no justice to the case of anyone interested in investing in Myanmar. Myanmars new Foreign Investment Law was promulgated in November 2012 in a bid to accelerate foreign investment to Myanmar in line with its new reforms. However, these reforms lack clear dispute resolution mechanisms. While Myanmar formally acceded to the New York Convention in July, no legislation has yet passed through parliament to implement the provisions of the convention into national law. At the core of the business dispute is MEHLs objection to changes to F&Ns shareholding structure. MEHL claims F&N has defaulted on an unarticulated term in the agreement.

Business Development Manager Marketing Manager Sales and Distribution Manager Brand Manager Logistic Officer Medical Doctor Project Manager Sales Engineer Site Engineer Chief Accountant Accountant HR Manager HR Executive Legal Executive Secretary Passenger Service Agent ( Airline) Receptionist Customer Service

Request for Proposal (RFP) Reference No : UNFA/ MMR/ 13/ 03

The United National Population Fund (UNFPA), Myanmar Country Office posted the invitation to submit the proposal for verifier/verifying agent to verify the documents submitted by the payees and authorizing the contracted bank/s (under the UPSPSC code - Development finance, Development assistance, Aid financing, Debt management, Accounting and bookkeeping services, Accounting services, Audit services, Corporate finance, Taxation issues and preparation, Banking and investment, Banking institution, Fund transfer and clearance and exchange services, Investment advice, Securities and commodities markets services, Mortgage banking, Cash vault services, Insurance and retirement services, Insurance services for structures and property and possessions, Homeowners or renters insurance, Car or truck insurance, Cargo insurance, Contractors all risks insurance, Deterioration of stocks insurance, Travel insurance, Life and health and accident insurance) at www.ungm.org on 1 November, 2013 The suppliers are cordially invited to submit the proposal to Email: myanmar.office@unfpa.org (OR) to UNFPA Myanmar Country Office, No. 6, Natmauk Road, Tamwe Township, Yangon before 10:00 hrs. on 29 November, 2013

No. 851/853 (A/B), 3rd Floor, Room (7/8), Bogyoke Aung San Road, Lanmadaw Township, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel: (951) 229 437, 09 49 227 773, 09 730 94007 Email: esearch@yangon.net.mm, esearch. myanmar@gmail.com www.esearchmyanmar.com www. facebook.com/esearchmyanmar

The United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) in Myanmar is inviting qualified candidates to apply for the following positions: Sr. Title and level Duty Station Position Deadline 1. Team Leader on Rapid Assessment and Yangon International 15 November 2013 Response (IICA3) 2. Senior Consultant on Rapid Assessment and Yangon International/ 15 November 2013 Response (IICA2) National 3. Technical Specialist on Rapid Assessment and Yangon International 15 November 2013 Response (IICA3) 4. Value for Money (VfM) Consultant (IICA3) Home based International 15 November 2013 5. Management, Finance and Compliance Yangon National 17 November 2013 Associate (LICA4) 6. Project Manager (Public Health care Yangon International 18 November 2013 Planning and Financing) (IICA4) 7. Accountability Programme Officer (IICA2) Yangon International 19 November 2013 8. Finance Officer (Managed Cash Flow) (LICA6) Yangon National 19 November 2013 9. Monitoring and Evaluation Analyst (LICA5) Yangon National 19 November 2013 10. Communications Specialist (Food Security and Livelihoods) (IICA-2) Yangon International 21 November 2013 11. Communications Specialist (Health) (IICA2) Yangon International 21 November 2013 12. Communications Analyst (LICA5) Yangon National 22 November 2013 The benefit package for the above positions includes an attractive remuneration, 30 days annual leave and 10 holidays per year, medical insurance (only for national positions), learning and development opportunities and a challenging working environment with 200 national and international colleagues. All applications must be made through the UNOPS E-recruitment System (https://gprs.unops.org) and click on the post you are interested in applying for. If you have further queries, please contact 95 1 657 281-7 Ext: 149

These 8 have more than 50 years of experience working with us.

AUNG TUN - Image Setter Operator, Printing Factory 5 years & 11 months KAY KHINE OO Sales & Marketing Representative 6 years & 6 months

'I'm proud of the quality of the newspaper we produce. We have always embraced technology and I hope soon to be training on new state-of-the-art equipment.'

'We are the engine room of the paper and keep it fed by selling advertising. That's important and I take my job very seriously.'

U THANT ZIN - DTP Operator 12 years & 7 months

MOE THUZAR Finance Department 11 years & 4 months

'I'm happy at my job and I enjoy working with so many people for such a long time now. Even those who have left the company never forget it. They always come back to visit us.'

'I've seen the company grow from 30 people to more than 300. Everyone gets paid well and on time at The Myanmar Times.'

KHINE SU YIN Deputy HR Manager 6 years & 7 months

'I started in the distribution department, then became an editorial secretary and now I'm a deputy manager in HR. I love working at The Myanmar Times.'
THOMAS KEAN - Editor 5 years & 6 months

'I've chronicled the changing face of Myanmar through The Myanmar Times. We have been at the forefront of publishing here for a long time now and you could say that we have been a benchmark for the sector. That is quite an achievement.'
U KO KO - Senior Translator 7 years & 1 month

NAN TIN HTWE - Reporter 3 years

'My career is moving forward rapidly and I am now a senior reporter.'

'We are wordsmiths and it is here that new words in the Myanmar language are rst born. We are at the epicentre of this continuing evolution.'

Another good reason why we treasure our greatest asset.

Celebrating our 15th year in 2014


Business 33

The Fine Print

Legal & tax insight

Business in Myanmar easier than you think

ALESSIO POLASTRI alessio@pwplegal.com OVER the past few days, my clients have been keen to discuss the ndings of the World Banks Doing Business 2014 report. It ranked Myanmar as the seventh-worst country in the world to do business in denitely a place where doing business is not advisable. I think we should consider a few things when we come across these kinds of reports. First, readers should invest some time to read the full version of the report and not only the nal ranking. There are suggestions to the government on how to align the current legal system with more developed legal systems (ie updating contract and company law, improving the enforceability of agreements and so on). The efforts of the current government in modernising the country and liberalising some crucial industries are highlighted as well, showing that the country is moving in the right direction. So we can say that despite the outcome, the outlook is certainly positive. Furthermore, Myanmar was not assessed in previous reports, and the World Bank would not have been as effective in analysing Myanmar without prior context to draw from. To some extent, I believe this caused the Banks analysts to penalise Myanmar. I also nd that these reports can also be easily inuenced by political issues, such as in the annual Corruption Perceptions Index issued by global civil society organisation Transparency International. In the 2013 edition, it ranked Myanmar fth-last in the world. Based on my personal experience and that of other long-serving investors and lawyers in Asia, I can certainly state that Myanmar is not even the most corrupt country in Southeast Asia. Ultimately, investors are aware that Myanmar is still considered a high-risk country to do business in. Myanmar is a frontier market which has had very little inuence on the international standard of new investments. Those interested in investing in Myanmar are motivated by the potential for large returns, and understand to some extent the risks involved. If the World Bank had taken that approach to its ranking system, then Myanmar would have nished far better.
Alessio Polastri is managing partner of Polastri Wint & Partners.

Mitsubishi raises $2.1b

JAPANS Mitsubishi Motors said last week it would raise about US$2.1 billion through a new share offering, as it tries to increase annual vehicle sales by 30 percent over three years. The automaker said it would sell up to 210 billion yen ($2.1 billion) of new shares and use the proceeds to buy back preferred shares from rms within the larger Mitsubishi Group, clearing the way to restart long-delayed dividend payments. The preferred shares were issued about a decade ago as part of a bid to rescue the automaker as it faced a massive recall scandal. Preferred shares rank ahead of common stock in any dividend payments, so cancelling them would make it easier to restart payments to ordinary shareholders, which have been on hold since the late 1990s. The protable rm said the move was aimed at moving forward to the next stage of growth, and moving away from its previous stage as a company undergoing revitalisation. Mitsubishi, which announced last week a global tie-up accord with Renault and Nissan, detailed the moves as it unveiled its mid-term business plan. It said it was aiming to raise annual vehicles sales to 1.43 million units in the business year ending March 2017, about 30pc higher than current levels. The rm also said it would increase the proportion of


President of Japans Mitsubishi Motors Osamu Masuko makes a speech in Tokyo on November 6. Photo: AFP

strategic products pickup trucks, SUVs and crossover models in its overall sales mix. Mitsubishi added it was aiming to slash costs as it targets an operating prot of 135 billion yen in the year through March 2017, up from 100 billion yen forecast in the current business year. AFP


NOTICE is hereby given that SUMITOMO ELECTRIC INDUSTRIES, LTD a company organized under the laws of Japan and having its principal office at 5-33, Kitahama 4-chome, Chuo-ku, Osaka-shi, Osaka, Japan is the owner and sole proprietor of the following trademarks:-

(Reg: No. IV/8884/2013) (Reg: No. IV/8885/2013)

(Reg: No. IV/8886/2013) The above 3 trademarks are in respect of:Machines and machine tools; motors and engines (except for land vehicles); internal combustion engine parts; machine coupling and transmission components (except for land vehicles); machine elements not for land vehicles; filters [parts of machines or engines]; air springs for machines CL: 7 Scientific, nautical, surveying, photographic, cinematographic, optical, weighing, measuring, signalling, checking (supervision); life-saving and teaching apparatus and instruments; apparatus and instruments for conducting, switching, transforming, accumulating, regulating or controlling electricity; electric leads; printed circuits; semiconductors; heat sinks; electrical apparatus for land vehicles; electric wiring harnesses; electric wires and cables; magnetic wires; optical fibers; optical fiber cables; optical fiber fusion splicers; electronic and optical communications instruments and components; apparatus for recording, transmission or reproduction of sound or images; computer software; traffic control apparatus; lasers not for medical use CL: 9 Vehicles; apparatus for locomotion by land, air or water; machine elements for land vehicles; air springs for vehicles CL: 12 Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademarks or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law. U Kyi Win Associates for SUMITOMO ELECTRIC INDUSTRIES, LTD P.O Box No.26, Yangon Phone: 372416 Dated: 11th November, 2013



BUSINESS EDITOR: Philip Heijmans | pheijmans13@gmail.com

Malaysias Medini to go public

THE government-linked township developer Medini Iskandar Malaysia hopes to raise 2.5 billion ringgit (US$800 million) in an initial public offering early next year, a report said last week. The IPO, reported by The Star newspaper, would be the countrys largest since palm oil giant Felda Global Ventures raised $3.25 billion in June 2012. Medini oversees a special economic zone in the heart of the ambitious Iskandar development project in southern Johor province. Medini has said its site has an expected gross development value of more than $21 billion over 20 years. Company officials could not immediately be reached for comment. Iskandar is a huge development project intended to mesh Johors economy more tightly with that of afuent neighbour Singapore. However, recent reports have said Iskandar Waterfront Holdings, a privately owned developer, was planning to delay a $300 million stock listing by a year to the end of 2014 due to concerns over government measures to cool property demand. Southeast Asias third-largest economy, Malaysia saw a urry of big listings last year, led by Felda, that helped its stock exchange become the worlds fth-largest IPO market in 2012. The pace slackened this year due to caution ahead of May elections narrowly won by Malaysias long-ruling coalition, but has recently picked up again. UMW Oil and Gas Corp raised $740 million last week in Malaysias largest IPO this year, following Julys $309 million listing of budget airline AirAsia X and leading Malaysian ports operator Westports Holdings $640 million IPO last month. AFP

Dagon: the new darling of Yangon

MYAT NYEIN AYE myatnyeinaye11092@gmail.com TIN YADANAR HTUN tinyadanar.mcm@gmail.com AS the international eye of investment turns to Myanmar, the correlating inux of both expats and Myanmar professionals are nding a home on the outskirts of Yangon in the new Dagon townships. The cramped and noisy conditions, coupled with skyrocketing property prices and a dearth of carparking, are pushing people away from downtown and turning their gaze north to the leafy lanes of the four Dagon where property prices have risen at a more balanced rate. The area is a young Yangon debutante, only declared 20 years ago, and is comprised of four towns, North, South, East and Seikkan Dagon. Here, roads are wider and most residential blocks have associated car parking welcome soothes for the traffic asco Yangons roads have convulsed into since car imports were relaxed. Improvements to roads and other infrastructure in these outlying Dagon townships are increasing as the population swells, residents have said. Dagon is developing thanks to plans for more housing and commercial projects that will be completed over the next two years. We expect more people to move here, especially to Dagon Seikkan township, said U Toe Aung, deputy head of the department of city planning and land administration de-

Dagon boasts a number of new residential and commercial properties, including Hotel Bo Bo Min, shown above. Photo: Boothee

People are moving in from downtown, so property prices are rising.

Daw Me Me Dagon resident

partment of Yangon City Development Committee (YCDC). Three new residential mega complexes are slated for development in Dagon Seikkan township alone. Known as the Yandanar, Three Stars and Zawtika complexes, they will be able to house hundreds of families once they are nished. Yandanar alone will have 48 apartments, said Moh Moh Aung, general secretary of Myanmar Real Estate Service Association. Daw Mya Mya Win, a resident of Dagon Seikkan township said, We can see some development in our region because there are nicer buildings than before. More people are buying land or houses here this year. Dagon Seikkan is near downtown and the road is getting better. Another North Dagon resident

however said she felt the popularity was sure to impact on Dagons attractive sleepy afternoon feel. Construction of homes and other buildings, including hotels and banks is increasing. People are moving in from downtown, so property prices are rising, said Daw Me Me, who has lived in the township for 15 years. Daw Moh Moh Aung, managing director of Win Shwe Wha real estate agency, supported Daw Me Mes prediction that rising popularity would equal rising property prices. Property prices have risen from K10 million to more than K100 million depending on location, she said. Property located beside a main road can go for more than K150 million. Elsewhere, it might cost from K10 million to K80 million.

U Khin Aung Htun, joint secretary general of the Myanmar Hoteliers Association, told The Myanmar Times Dagon was also prime real estate for Yangons growing tourism. About 70 percent of foreign tourists visit Yangon. If the infrastructure and transportation are good, hotels will open in all the Yangon townships. Tourists like uptown hotels as well as downtown. The recently opened Bo Bo Min Hotel, the rst in North Dagon has already seen promising indicators of popularity and a ourish in nearby amenities such as bank branches, cafes and shops. I am happy because my town is prosperous and the standard of living is high, said U Aung Kyaw Oo said, a resident in North Dagon for 15 years.

US firm inks JV deal

MYAT NOE OO myatnoe.mcm@gmail.com US-BASED construction rm Holloman Corporation and Myanmars Young Investment Group have both invested US$200 million to set up the Young Holloman Corporation in Myanmar, the rms announced. U Thiha Aung, chairman of the Young Investment Group, said that the joint-venture will establish a cement-batching plant before investing further in construction and oil and gas. Were planning to build two cement-batching factories, one in Thilawa Industrial Zone and the other in Thingangyun township, producing quality products, he said. The factories, to be built within six to eight months with a total investment of $100 million, will use domestic raw materials, he said. We plan to produce up to 280 cubic metres a day, said U Thiha Aung. The corporation has also invested $100 million to explore oil, said Grant Petersen, managing director of Holloman Corporation in the Asia region. We will conduct a survey for environmental and social impact assessments in Yanan-Inntaw in the Chindwin area in Sagaing Region and Taungoo-Pyinmana in Bago Region, he said. We will start the survey in mid2014 and it is expected to be nished within six months, said U Aung Win, a spokesperson for the Young Investment Group. The Ministry of Energy will consult some 10 companies that won tenders and give guidelines to carry out the survey. If the Myanmar Convention Commission approves, the companies will begin exploration, he said.

The total amount Holloman and Young Investment will put into their new joint venture rm in Myanmar





Dagon is developing thanks to plans for more housing and commercial projects.
U Toe Aung, deputy head of the Yangon City Development Committee (YCDC).

Greeces construction sector stalls



Dam protesters are arrested in Malaysia

POLICE in Malaysia on November 7 arrested eight tribespeople blocking access to a dam which they say will displace them from their lands, amid increasing protests on Borneo island. Police arrested the eight Penans including two teenagers, took down banners and dismantled wooden barriers on the road to the remote US$1.3 billion Murum dam in Sarawak state, said activist Raymond Abin. Mr Abin, an official with the NGO Save Sarawaks Rivers Network, said some 100 other Penans remained at the site to continue the blockade. The authorities just nd that this is the only way to deal with the people refusing to deal with their demands, Mr Abin told AFP. The easy way is to arrest them in order to intimidate and threaten them. A local police official conrmed eight were in custody but declined to comment further. Mr Abin said the Penans were not told the reason for their arrest. The Penans set up the blockade in September to demand 500,000 ringgit ($157,000) for the loss of their land, property and livelihood. The dam is expected to ood 245 square kilometres (95 square miles) and cause 1500 Penan and 80 Kenyah natives to lose their homes. Sarawak Energy said the 944-megawatt dam began lling in late September and would be completed within 14 months. It added that relocation of affected natives was set to be completed by years end and insisted that displaced villagers were being compensated fairly. The company dismissed the protest as instigated by activists. The Murum dam is one of a series of hydroelectric facilities planned by the Sarawak state government as it pushes economic development in one of Malaysias poorest states. But the building spree in the resource-rich state along the powerful jungle rivers has been dogged by controversy. Activists allege massive corruption, while natives complain it has ooded rainforests and uprooted tens of thousands of people. Hundreds of Malaysian tribespeople have also blockaded the construction site of the nearby Baram dam. AFP


One in a million.
Located in the City Golf Resort, this property is ideal for a family that values privacy. This spacious 11,000 sq ft compound contains the 5200 sq ft two-storey house, with driveway and lawn. A two-storey garage beside the main house offers two staff bedrooms, while the main house has three double rooms and a single room. Though well maintained, the house is not fully furnished. Ample natural light from the large windows illuminates the two living rooms, plus one small extra room for a helper. The kitchen is bright and airy. The house comes with four air conditioners, and offers plenty of room for active children. Ei The The Naing


: Thiri Mingalar Road,

Pyay Lane, City Golf Resort, Insein Tsp. Price Contact Phone : K4 million (for rent) : Estate Myanmar : 09-731-14860

36 Property IN BRIEF
Beijing Chinese school torn down to make way for $1.6 billion resort
A rural Chinese primary school built using charity money has been torn down to make way for a sprawling, US$1.6 billion international resort, Chinese media reported last week, provoking outrage online. The school, which mainly served children from farming families in Yanling county in central Chinas Hunan province, was torn down less than two years after it was built, the Beijing Youth Daily reported. The 900,000 yuan (US$150,000) cost of construction had been funded by Project Hope, a charity group that promotes educational projects in poverty-stricken parts of China.


Real estate sector, motor of the Greek economy, finally stalls

COSTAS, a two-decade real estate construction veteran, has never seen the sector so vital to Greeces economy in such a sorry state. Construction is dead. The crisis has destroyed everything, bemoaned the 50-year-old, who declined to give his last name. Greeces six-year recession and brush with bankruptcy has seen prices tumble by nearly a third for residential property, a key means for many to invest and save for retirement. Experts also blame government policy as new taxes on property owners to balance public nances as required under its EU-IMF bailout have worsened the situation. The recession and brutal taxation on property has destroyed the sector which was once a major employer, said Costas. Building activity in Greece tumbled by 44 percent in the rst quarter of the year compared to a year earlier, state statistics show. In the construction business proper, recent studies point to a loss of over 185,000 jobs since 2010, half of the sectors workforce. New construction has dried up, with only some renovation work to be found. Costas is now closing his construction materials business, which before Greeces economy imploded in 2010 had an annual turnover of 2.5 million euros (US$3.5 million). And he is also unable to sell a three-storey building in Athens he bought with a loan before the crisis. Im begging the bank to auction it off so I can pay off my debts, he told AFP. Sector experts believe there are 250,000 new buildings awaiting buyers in Greece. To help the sector, the government is offering residence permits to non-


Johannesburg Hong Kong rm debuts in Africa with $104m S African deal

Hong Kong property rm Shanghai Zendai took its rst venture into the African market last week with a deal worth US$104 million to develop land in Johannesburg, South Africas commercial hub. Shanghai Zendai purchased a 1600-hectare parcel of land in the eastern Johannesburg suburb of Modderfontein and plans to redevelop it over the next 15 years into a commercial, residential and light industry hub.

London British home prices climb at fastest pace since 2010

British house prices rose in October at the fastest annual pace for more than three years, a leading survey showed on October 6. Prices jumped 6.9 percent annually last month, the strongest gain since May 2010, according to data from home-loans provider Halifax. That followed a 6.2pc increase in September. The bank added that house prices advanced by 0.7pc in October from the previous month, taking the average cost of a home to 171,991 (US$276,880). AFP

Workers labor at the construction site of the Greek Museum of Modern Art in Athens in a file photo taken on June 7, 2012. Photo: AFP

EU investors purchasing or renting property worth over 250,000 euros. But meanwhile, new legislation is in the works to increase tax on agricultural land, on top of recent hikes to the general property tax. This while overdue tax payments had climbed to 809 million euros in September, according to the Greek daily Kathimerini. More pressure is on the way for homeowners already hit. A ban on housing auctions to protect struggling owners from eviction expires at the end of the year, and will not be renewed in 2014. Stratos Paradias, head of the Hel-

lenic property federation (POMIDA), warns that the austerity imposed by Greeces creditors threatens to wipe out the property investment-based savings system that has supported Greek families for decades.

Number of jobs lost in Greeces construction sector since 2010

Investing in property is a tradition for Greeks, a fallback to counterbalance shortages in state welfare, Mr Paradias said. This is now disappearing, condemning families to insecurity. Some are even donating property to simply get rid of it, he noted. The residential housing market is moribund as there are few buyers and banks are plagued with growing numbers of bad loans. Prices have fallen by over 30 percent these past three years. Its because of the taxes imposed by the [EU-IMF] creditors and the economic uncertainty, Paradias said. AFP



1859 homes tendered in Israel

ISRAEL issued tenders to build 1859 settler homes earlier this month, angering Palestinians ahead of a visit by US Secretary of State John Kerry aimed at pushing the peace process forward. Documents published on the website of the government-run Israel Land Authority showed that 1031 plots were offered by Israels government in the occupied West Bank and 828 in annexed east Jerusalem. Settlement watchdog Peace Now said that issuing building tenders was the last stage in the bureaucratic process and that homes could start going up shortly. Within a few months they will choose the winning bids and the successful contractors will be able to start building within a number of weeks [after that], the groups Hagit Ofran said. The Palestinians, who have long viewed settlements as a major obstacle to resolving the decades-old conict, threatened to go to the UN Security Council over the latest Israeli move. The PLO is considering a mechanism to go to the Security Council and the UN against these new Israeli decisions, especially as there are international resolutions that consider settlements illegal, Palestine Liberation Organisation senior member Wassel Abu Youssef said, with out elaborating. Mr Kerry, speaking in Cairo, sought last week to calm fears that peace talks were faltering. I remain hopeful, and we will make every effort in the United States to move the process forward in a fair-

Gripes over new Tokyo stadium overshadow Olympic games

JUST weeks after they rode the wave of euphoria to Olympic victory when Tokyo won the right to host the 2020 Games, organisers are being brought back to Earth with a bump. The eye-catching architectural centrepiece a futuristic, bike-helmetshaped stadium is too big, say detractors. Whats more, others add, its too expensive. A huge building is not always loved by people ... and after the Olympics are over, many people will be forced to see it, said Fumihiko Maki, an award-winning Japanese architect responsible for one of the new towers for the World Trade Center complex in New York. The proposed stadium, designed by London-based Iraqi architect Zaha Hadid, is intended to occupy the spot in west Tokyo of the present national stadium, an area with numerous parks and a large Shinto shrine. Rising to about 230 feet (70 metres), the 80,000-seat facility would tower over most of the structures around it in a part of the densely packed city that has historically restricted the height of buildings to 500 feet (150 metres) or less. That would make it visible from all over the west of Tokyo, including from the immaculately kept National Shinjuku Gyoen Park, a green lung tucked underneath the skyscrapers of Shinjuku. Its important that people dont have to see it if they dont want to, said Mr Maki. If there is no event going on inside the stadium, it is just an enormous object. The 85-year-old has pedigree in Olympic projects; he was one of the architects in the run-up to the 1964 Games, Japans coming-out party as a modern, industrial nation. When we built the Tokyo Metropolitan Gymnasium [in 1954] just next to the planned new stadium, there were strict regulations to protect the landscape there, said Mr Maki, referring to the building for which he won the Pritzker Architecture Prize. AFP

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. Photo: AFP

handed way, a balanced way that reects the complexity of these issues, he said. AFP

Number of seats expected to be installed into Tokyos new Olympic stadium


Technology 37

Hackers reveal Asias web weakness

A RASH of website hackings in the Asia-Pacic has exposed weak cyber defences which must be improved to help the region deal with more sophisticated and sinister threats, particularly from criminal organisations, analysts said. Hackers claiming to be from the global activist group Anonymous compromised several government and commercial websites in Australia, the Philippines and Singapore recently, and vowed to mount wider attacks. In the latest incident, Anonymous hackers on Thursday hijacked a section of Singapore Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loongs official website, just a day after he vowed to spare no effort to hunt down anyone who attacks the regional nancial centres technological network. Cloud computing, the proliferation of mobile devices and the increasing use of social media have allowed an escalating volume of data to ow through multiple channels, giving hackers a wider eld to ply their trade, analysts said. They warned that Anonymous, which carries out attacks to highlight issues such as Internet freedom and corruption, is just one of the groups involved, and others with a more sinister agenda could inict serious damage. The more sophisticated group that government and business should fear are the cyber-criminal organisations who have much greater resources at their disposal, said Mr. Tan Shong Ye, information technology risk and cyber security leader at global business consultancy PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC). Their targets could be valuable intellectual property and critical infrastructure, including military and state secrets, Mr. Tan told AFP. Shadowy hackers who have long targeted the West are turning their sights on Asias fast-growing economies. As countries become wealthier, they have more assets and therefore are more likely to become targets, said Ms. Nina Laven, director for economics and country risk at consultancy group IHS. We will likely see the region attracting more attacks, she told AFP. Southeast Asia and the wider Asia Pacic region are growing in signicance in terms of cybersecurity issues as Internet usage becomes more pervasive, said Ms. Caitriona H. Heinl, a cyber security specialist at the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS) in Singapore. These increasing levels of connectivity are raising the probabilities of cross-border cyber-related threats such as transnational cybercrime, she told AFP. Research rm Euromonitor said there were more than 389 million smartphones and nearly 30 million tablets and other portable computers in the Asia Pacic in 2013. Mobile Internet subscriptions alone reached over 712 million, it said. Governments and businesses are moving to protect their networks, but hackers, in many instances, are a step ahead. While information security risks have dramatically evolved, security strategies... have not kept pace, PwC said in its Global State of Information Security Survey released in September. In other words, most organisations are now defending yesterday, even as their adversaries look to exploit the vulnerabilities of tomorrow. Most Asian countries have implemented some level of cybersecurity protection by having computer emergency response teams to deal with onA person claiming to speak for activist hacker group Anonymous is seen issuing a warning throught a video circulated online to go to war with the Singapore government over recent Internet licensing rules .Photo: AFP

line attacks, Mr. Tan of PwC said. However more needs to be done in the form of investments as well as attention, he said, citing PwCs survey showing that the number of security incidents detected worldwide in the past 12 months rose by 25 percent and average losses climbed 18 percent from the previous year. Asian businesses in general are still not investing enough in cyber security, Tan added, noting that companies usually invest after they encounter a serious attack. China, the worlds second biggest economy, and Russia are showing sol-

id progress in deploying cybersecurity safeguards while India is playing catchup, Mr. Tan added. Chinas Internet infrastructure is in fact more heavily guarded than others, thanks to the states role in the Big rewall of China, he said. Ms. Laven of IHS stressed that international cooperation is key to ghting cyber attacks. Cybersecurity is a cross-border issue. Governments can invest in prediction, detection and recovery, but a lack of alignment between countries leads to security weaknesses that no one government can address, she told AFP.

Criminal groups could attack wellprotected countries from overseas locations with weaker cyber safeguards, Ms. Laven said. Until governments can nd ways to work together on preventing cyber crime through penalties, incentives, or funding technical solutions that can be deployed across borders international attackers will always be able to nd weaknesses to exploit, she said. Ms. Heinl of RSIS said that so far, national and regional efforts to adopt comprehensive cybersecurity strategies have been somewhat slow and fragmented. AFP


US political campaigns may be able to accept Bitcoin donations

CANDIDATES running for US federal office may be allowed to accept Bitcoin donations but not spend the digital currency, according to a proposal by regulators. Created or exchanged using complex software, the four-year-old currency is often used to make online transaction payments. Bitcoins are not money but the requestor may generally accept Bitcoins as in-kind contributions, the Federal Election Commission (FEC) said. The requestor may not, however, make disbursements using Bitcoins directly from a Bitcoin wallet because these must come from a campaign bank account, it added in a response Thursday to an advisory opinion request from the Conservative Action Fund. The proposal, to be discussed Thursday, still needs to be approved on by the full commission. Bitcoins are not money under the commissions regulations because they are neither the currency of any country nor negotiable instruments, the FEC said in reference to checks and cash. Therefore, it added, a political committee that receives Bitcoin contributions may not treat them as monetary contributions. However, it said, nothing in the (Federal Election Campaign) Act or Commission regulations ... prohibits a political committee from accepting Bitcoins as in-kind contributions. The FEC also noted that the value of Bitcoins has been very volatile, ranging between $5 and $237 between May 2012 and May 2013. Bitcoins are not money, have no xed value in any nations currency, and might appreciate or depreciate over time, it said, likening them to stocks, bonds and even art objects. A form of e-money, Bitcoin is made of strings of dazzlingly complex code created by raw computing power. Bitcoins are stored on a users hard drive in a virtual wallet, and can be sent directly to another person, bypassing banks and remaining largely anonymous. It was created in 2009 in the wake of the global nancial crisis by an anonymous programmer who wanted a currency independent of any central bank or nancial institution. The currency, which can be transferred directly between smartphones or any other type of computer, has developed a certain notoriety because it can potentially be used to nance criminal activity. AFP



WORLD EDITOR: Bridget Di Certo | bridget.dicerto@gmail.com

Gas boom to reshape US role in Asia, report predicts

A BOOM in gas production will reshape the US role in Asia and could fuel new tensions with a growing, energy-hungry China, a new report says. US foreign policy has historically been based largely on demand for outside energy, with Washington closely allying itself with oil-rich Arab monarchies. But a major increase in gas production in part through the controversial practice of fracking deep underground has given the United States the prospect not just of energy independence but of playing a Middle Eastern-style strategic role as an exporter, according to industry forecasts. A report by the Seattle-based National Bureau of Asian Research predicted soaring demand from the continent led by China for imported gas. Despite rapid growth, Asia relies on natural gas for just 11 percent of its energy use, far lower than the 30 percent global average, the study said. Four Western nations the United States, Canada, Australia and Norway could control 40 percent of the worlds natural gas supply by 2020, said Nikos Tsafos, an expert at consultancy PFC Energy who contributed to the report. If youre sitting here in Washington, DC, that could seem like a good thing. If youre sitting in Beijing, you may not think so, he said at the launch of the report in the US capital. Mr Tsafos expected that Chinas suspicions of US intentions would grow, pointing to the backlash in Beijing when US lawmakers concerns about national security led China to drop a bid to acquire former US oil giant Unocal in 2005. If its worries about the United States mount, China may increasingly look to neighboring Russia for energy or farther aeld to countries such as Sudan, Venezuela or Iran, the report said. Amy Myers Jaffe of the University of California-Davis said that China may calculate that it needs to develop its military to secure far-ung oil and gas installations. The United States will be able to use its energy abundance as a means to promote its global vision, she wrote, saying that Washington may pursue a more assertive foreign policy. But it must also consider how its changed energy situation will inuence Chinas military calculus, she wrote. Mikkal Herberg of the University of California-San Diego noted that the rise in US energy security comes as the war-weary country cuts its military budget. Asian nations, however, still rely on oil and liqueed natural gas from the Middle East. A reduction of the US role in the region would have important implications for Asia, since much of its imported oil and LNG comes from the Middle East and is secured by US power in the region and protection of sea lanes from the Middle East to Asia, he wrote. US President Barack Obama has already declared a pivot strategy of putting a greater focus on Asia, which he has said is key to the US future. China has been seeking in the medium-term to reduce its overwhelming dependence on coal, one of the dirtiest forms of energy which is linked to the countrys notoriously poor air quality as well as climate change. AFP


Bangladeshi mother Nazma Begum grieves at the grave of her garm DNA matching, at Jurain graveyard in Dhaka on November 7. Autho Bangladeshs Rana Plaza factory collapse, an official said November months after the disaster. Photo: AFP


Australian warship focus of alleged sex abuse rituals

THE Australian navy on November 8 was investigating allegations of inappropriate behaviour reportedly related to bizarre initiation rites in which young sailors were sexually assaulted with pens, bananas and bottles. The navy did not conrm the nature of the investigation, but said it concerned the Anzac Class Frigate HMAS Ballarat. Allegations such as these are serious and it is critical that the investigative process is properly followed, chief of navy Vice Admiral Ray Griggs said in a statement. As such I will not speculate on any aspect of the allegations, he said The allegations, the latest in a line of sex scandals to hit Australias defence force, were reported to the navy by a sailor and carried up the chain of command for further inquiry. A former woman sailor has told Channel 10 that crew had long been worried about hazing rituals in which a gang would assault young male colleagues using pens, pencils and water bottles, typically on their birthdays. People were set upon by other members, stripped off, and had things essentially put in their bums, the woman, known only as Bridget, said. A report in Sydneys Daily Telegraph said the items used in the alleged assaults also included bananas and carrots. The navy said due to the current location of the HMAS Ballarat, which is believed to have been involved in a rescue at sea off Indonesia, the Australian Defence Force Investigative Service would not be able to join the ship for several days. Navy is being as open and transparent as it can about this incident within the limitations of the investigative process, Admiral Griggs said. The military has been under pressure to address abuse after a Skype scandal in 2011 in which video of a young male recruit having sex with a female classmate was streamed to cadets in another room without her knowledge. An independent report subsequently detailed 24 allegations of rape within the defence force that never went to trial, among more than 1000 claims of sexual or other abuse from the 1950s to the present day, involving both men and women. The report also highlighted brutal initiation ceremonies and depicted a culture of covering up, failing to punish perpetrators and hostility towards victims who complained. AFP

Israel is the only suspect

PALESTINIAN investigators said on November 8 that Israel is the only suspect in the 2004 death of president Yasser Arafat, after laboratory tests suggested he died from polonium poisoning. We say that Israel is the prime and only suspect in the case of YasserArafats assassination, and we will continue to carry out a thorough investigation to nd out and conrm all the details and all elements of the case, Palestinian inquiry chief Tawq Tirawi told a news conference in the West Bank city of Ramallah. Mr Tirawi said the Palestinian inquiry had studied the ndings of Swiss scientists, released on November 6, which moderately supported the notion thatYasser Arafathad been poisoned. This is the crime of the 21st century, Mr Tirawi said. The fundamental [goal] is to nd out who is behind the liquidation of YasserArafat. The results prove[Yasser] Arafatwas poisoned by polonium, said senior Palestine Liberation Organisation official Wasel Abu Yusef. This substance is owned by states, not people, meaning that the crime was committed by a state, he said, calling for an international commit-


Palestinians walk past a mural of late Palestinian leader YasserArafatin Gaza City on November 7. Photo: AFP

tee to probe the killing along the lines of the one that investigated the murder of Lebanons Raq Hariri. Speaking to reporters in Lausanne on November 7, the Swiss team said the test results neither conrmed nor denied that polonium was the actual source of his death, although they

provided moderate backing for the idea he was poisoned by the rare and highly radioactive element. The quantity of the deadly substance found pointed to the involvement of a third party. The lab measured levels of polonium up to 20 times what it is used to detecting. AFP


Captive speaks out against US kidnapper for rst time


First deadly coronavirus case confirmed in Spain


Dutch government sued over NSA spying scandals



Intense typhoon kills 3 in Philippines

ONE of the most intense typhoons on record whipped thePhilippineson November 8, killing three people and terrifying millions as monster winds tore roofs off buildings and giant waves washed away imsy homes. Super Typhoon Haiyan smashed into coastal communities on the central island of Samar, about 600 kilometres (370 miles) southeast of Manila, before dawn on November 8 with maximum sustained winds of about 315 kilometres (195 miles) an hour. Weve had reports of uprooted trees, very strong winds ... and houses made of light materials being damaged, Philippine Red Cross chief Gwendolyn Pang said on Friday afternoon as Haiyan swept across the archipelagos central and southern islands. The government said three people had been conrmed killed and another man was missing after he fell off a gangplank in the central port of Cebu. But the death toll was expected to rise, with authorities unable to immediately contact the worst affected areas and Haiyan only expected to leave thePhilippinesin the evening. The winds were so strong that they attened all the banana plants around the house, university student Jessa Aljibe, 19, said by telephone from the Samar city of Borongan shortly after Haiyan made landfall. All telephone contact to the island was later lost as the typhoon moved inland. We have put rescue teams and equipment at different places, but at the moment we cant really do much because of the heavy rain and strong winds. There is no power, said Ms Pang, the Red Cross official. An average of 20 major storms or typhoons, many of them deadly, batter thePhilippineseach year. The developing country is particularly vulnerable because it is often the rst major landmass for the storms after they build over the Pacic Ocean. ThePhilippinessuffered the worlds strongest storm of 2012, when Typhoon Bopha left about 2000 people dead or missing on the southern island of Mindanao. But Haiyans wind strength made it one of the four most powerful typhoons ever recorded in the world, and the most intense to have made landfall, according to Jeff Masters, the director of meteorology at US-based Weather Underground. Haiyan generated wind gusts of 379 kilometres (235 miles) an hour on the morning of November 8, according to the US Navys Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Mr Masters said the previous record for the strongest typhoon to make landfall was Hurricane Camille, which hit Mississippi in the United States with sustained winds of 190 miles (305 km) an hour in 1969. The expert said he expected the damage in Guiuan, a shing town of about 40,000 people, to be catastrophic . Communication lines with Guiuan remained cut off in the afternoon, and the civil defence office said it was unable to give an assessment of the damage there. In Tacloban, a nearby city of more than 200,000 people, corrugated iron sheets were ripped off roofs and oated with the wind before crashing into buildings, according to video footage taken by a resident. Flash oods also turned Taclobans streets into rivers, while another photo showed six bamboo houses washed away along a beach more than 200 kilometres to the south. More than 125,000 people in the most vulnerable areas had been moved to evacuation centres before Haiyan hit, according to the national disaster management council, and millions of others huddled in their homes. AFP

ent worker daughter Aakhiat, who was identied through rities have failed to identify the nal 165 victims of 4, meaning their families still cannot be compensated six


Uganda will not hand over fleeing M23 rebels to DRCongo, army declares
UGANDA will not hand over to the Democratic Republic ofCongoM23 rebels who ed after a resounding military defeat, the spokesman for the army and the defence ministry said on November 8. They are not prisoners; they are soldiers running away from a war so we are receiving them and helping them because it is our responsibility, Colonel Paddy Ankunda told AFP, adding that Uganda had also welcomed eeing soldiers from the DRCs national army earlier in the year. The March 23 Movement, a group formed 18 months ago which both Rwanda and Uganda have been accused of backing, was defeated by theCongolese army with the backing of United Nations forces and on Tuesday announced that it was putting an end to its military operations. Uganda military officers said Thursday that some 1500 insurgents from the M23 had crossed the border and surrendered. They will not be handed over to DRC. The peace agreement will determine, in matters of reintegration and reinsertion, the fate of the M23 soldiers, Ankunda said, referring to an agreement that was being negotiated under Ugandan mediation between the DRCongogovernment and the M23 before the resounding military defeat. A further 95 men, all wounded, sought refuge in neighbouring Rwanda, where they are receiving medical treatment, according to the local Red Cross. Analysts have cast doubt on the gure of 1500, saying that the entire M23 force numbered only around 1000 men at the end of October. They have suggested that the gure given by Uganda may include insurgents family members. AFP


NOTICE is hereby given that KABUSHIKI KAISHA LOGOS CORPORATION a company organized under the laws of Japan and having its principal office at 2-11-1, Hirabayashi-minami, Suminoe-ku, Osaka-shi, Osaka-fu, Japan is the owner and sole proprietor of the following trademarks:(Reg: No. IV/9240/2013)


(Reg: No. IV/9241/2013) The above two trademarks are in respect of:- Clothing; coats; sweaters; shirts; pants; trousers; nightwear; underclothing; bathing suits; bathing caps; Japanese traditional clothing; aprons; collar protectors; socks; stockings; gaiters; fur stoles; shawls; scarves; Japanese style socks; gloves (clothing); babies diapers of textile; neckties; neckerchiefs; bandanas, warmth-keeping supporters; mufflers; ear muffs (clothing); hoods; sedge hats; nightcaps; helmets (clothing); hats; caps; belt for clothing; boots; shoes; footwear; boots for sports; shoes for sports; sandals; hiking shoes; hiking boots; rain boots; training shoes; clothes for sports; leg warmers; horse-riding boots. Class: 25 Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademarks or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law. U Kyi Win Associates for KABUSHIKI KAISHA LOGOS CORPORATION P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon. Phone: 372416 Dated: 11th November, 2013

M23 rebels withdraw through the hills having left their position in the village of Karuba. Photo: AFP

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Indonesiasays Australian spying damaged trust

INDONESIAsaid on November 6 that reported spying by the Australian and the US embassies had hurt our trust and it would review how it shares information with both countries. The news came as a seniorIndonesian MP demanded that the top Australian and American diplomats in the country, who have already been summoned over the spying allegations, face questions from lawmakers about the affair. The espionage controversy spread to Asia last week after reports that US missions across the region were being used for clandestine surveillance, and that Australian embassies and consulates were also involved. On November 4Indonesian Foreign Minister Marty Natalegawa ratcheted up the angry rhetoric, declaring enough is enough and suggesting the controversy could affect cooperation between Jakarta and Canberra. And on November 6 the government went a step further, saying the reports had hurt our trust in Washington and Canberra and it would now look at how it cooperates with both. As a sovereign state,Indonesiahas a formal framework for cooperation with the countries in question, said presidential spokesman Julian Aldrin Pasha. The reports have really hurt our trust in them soIndonesia will review how we currently cooperate in exchanging information. This is a serious matter and we certainly hope they understand. But he declined to go into details and refused to say whether any formal agreements would be examined. Indonesiaand Australia have such agreements in areas including people smuggling and counter-terrorism. AFP

Prisoners flee ETimor jail after Sunday mass

TWO dozen inmates escaped from an EastTimorjail on November 3 by beating up wardens and eeing through the main gate as they returned to their cells after mass, an official said. The escapees, including two militants who fought against the half-island nations independence from Indonesia, had been among more than 350 prisoners at morning worship at a hall in the jail in the mainly Catholic nation. Other inmates who ed were serving time for crimes including murder, rape and theft. Twenty-four inmates escaped. They beat up two wardens and ran out through the main entrance, said Joao Domingos, chief of the Becora prison in the capital Dili. Police had recaptured 13 inmates and were hunting for the others, he said, adding the former antiindependence ghters were among those still on the loose. Mr Domingos blamed the breakout from the prison on a lack of guards and equipment such as walkie-talkies and batons. Almost 60 inmates escaped from the same jail in 2006. Indonesias brutal 24-year occupation of EastTimor, Asias youngest nation, ended in 1999 with a UN-administered referendum. Both the run-up to the vote, in

EastTimorese policemen recapture two of a dozen inmates who escaped from the Becora jail in Dili on November 3. Photo: AFP

Foreign Minister Marty Natalegawa (left) chats to Australias Foreign Minister Julie Bishop after the opening of the Bali Democracy Forum in Nusa Dua on November 7. Photo: AFP

which theTimorese voted overwhelmingly in favour of independence, and its aftermath were marked by a campaign of violence by pro-Indonesian militias.

Following three years of UN administration, EastTimorgained independence in 2002 but remains poor. AFP


Officials release 1000 cats

ANIMAL activists are combing a forest in eastern China for more than 1000 kittens rescued from a meat supplier only to be let loose by local authorities, an organiser said November 4. Animal protection volunteers and local police intercepted a truck lled with cats destined for dinner plates last week, said an activist surnamed Ni from the Wuxi Small Animal Protection Association in eastern Jiangsu province. But local government officials released the felines some as young as four months old into a nearby mountain forest to fend for themselves, Mr Ni said. They were being sent to Guangzhou to be eaten by people, he said. We didnt want to release them. Our volunteers had places to keep them. Its denitely irresponsible. Volunteers are now scouring the hillsides with cages in an attempt to capture the cats, and hope to put those found up for adoption, Mr Ni said, adding that more than 50 have been retrieved in the last week. Some of the cats are hungry, and havent eaten, while others have been run over by cars, he said. The state-run Beijing Youth Daily said November 3 that authorities seized the cats because the lorry owner did not have the correct documents, but decided to release the animals into the wild as there was no source of funds to have them put down. Chinas small but growing ranks of animal activists have staged a number of rescues in recent years. Cats are not commonly eaten in most parts of China but some restaurants, particularly in the south, continue to serve them as food. AFP


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Thaksin denies amnesty bill is aimed at him

FUGITIVE former Thai premier Thaksin Shinawatra denied on November 6 that a controversial amnesty bill pushed by his allies was for his personal benet, accusing political opponents of distortions and lies. There have been daily protests in Bangkok since the politically charged legislation was approved by the lower house last week, raising fears among Mr Thaksins foes that he could return from self-imposed exile. It has been distorted that the amnesty will return my money to me and whitewash only one person, even though the objective is to make the country move past conicts and give justice to the victims of the 2006 coup, Mr Thaksin said in a statement released by his legal adviser. As I was once the prime minister I respect the different opinions of Thai people but I cannot accept the distortions and lies that my family and I have been subjected to for several years, Mr Thaksin said. Seven years after he was ousted by royalist generals, Mr Thaksin remains a hugely divisive gure inThailand. The former telecoms tycoon lives in Dubai to avoid prison for a corruption conviction imposed in his absence in 2008 that he contends was politically motivated. In 2010, a court also seized US$1.4 billion of the Thaksin familys assets for abuse of power. As well as pardoning political protests, the amnesty would cover those
A Thai opposition protester blows a whistle during a rally against a controversial political amnesty bill. Photo: AFP


India guru charged with sexually assaulting teen

INDIAN police on November 6 charged a popular spiritual leader with raping a 16-year-old schoolgirl at a religious retreat, lawyers said. Asaram Bapu, one of many self-styled Hindu godmen who attract vast numbers of followers, was booked for several offences, including rape, trafficking and sexual crimes against minors. Mr Bapu, 72, who in his preachings urges followers to live a pious life free of sexual desires, was arrested in September in central Madhya Pradesh state and own to Jodhpur, in Rajasthan in western India, where the alleged assault took place. The police charge sheet is more than 1000 pages long and includes statements from 58 witnesses, prosecution lawyer Manish Vyas said. The white-bearded guru, who once condemned Valentines Day as encouraging young people to engage in dirty acts, has dismissed the claims against him as a political conspiracy. The alleged attack took place on August 15 as Mr Bapu was holding a retreat for followers, including the alleged victim and her parents. He told the parents he needed to meet their daughter alone after being informed of concerns she was possessed by evil spirits, police said. Once alone in his room, the guru allegedly assaulted the girl, who told her parents two days later. The family then travelled to New Delhi to confront him but the guru refused to meet them, prompting them to go to police. Arguments in the court case will begin November 16, lawyers said. AFP

accused of crimes by organisations set up after the coup such as Mr Thaksin, who was targeted by an anti-corruption panel. Senate speaker Nikom Wairatpanij on November 5 said he believed senators would reject the bill, but it was unclear whether he was speaking for a majority in the upper house. Even if the Senate rejects the bill, the lower house can pass the legislation and send it to the king for approval after a delay of 180 days. The ruling Puea Thai party, however, suggested on November 6 that it would push the amnesty through without approval by the Senate.

If the senators resolve not to accept this law draft and return it to the [lower house] MPs, the Puea Thai Party would like to guarantee that Puea Thai MPs will not take this draft bill for reconsideration, it said in a statement. Mr Thaksins sister Yingluck Shinawatra, who is now prime minister, on November 5 defended the bill, urging the country to forgive. She said the amnesty was needed to reunite the country after years of turmoil culminating in a bloody crackdown by the previous government on pro-Thaksin Red Shirt protests in 2010 that left more than 90 civilians dead. AFP

Indian spiritual guru Asaram Bapu (centre) is escorted by police, after he was arrested from his Indore ashram, at the airport in Jodhpur. Photo: AFP


NOTICE is hereby given that Nutrinova Nutrition Specialties & Food Ingredients GmbH a company organized under the laws of Germany and having its principal office at Am Unisys-Park 1, 65843 Sulzbach am Taunus, Germany is the owner and sole proprietor of the following trademark:-

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(Reg: No. IV/10262/2013) in respect of :- Artificial sweeteners. Class: 1 Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademark or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law. U Kyi Win Associates for Nutrinova Nutrition Specialties & Food Ingredients GmbH P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon. Phone: 372416 Dated: 11th November, 2013


NOTICE is hereby given that PIAS CORP., a company organized under the laws of Japan and having its principal office at No. 19-3, Toyosaki 3-chome, Kita-ku, Osaka, Japan is the owner and sole proprietor of the following trademark:-

(Reg: No. IV/3308/1997) in respect of :- Soaps, perfumes, essential oils, cosmetics, hair lotions, dentifrices Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademark or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law. U Kyi Win Associates for PIAS CORP., P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon. Phone: 372416
Philippine businesswoman Janet Napoles, wearing a bullet-proof vest, takes an oath at a public hearing at the Senate in Manila on November 7, 2013. Photo: AFP

Dated: 11th November, 2013

Alleged Philippine graft ringleader claims innocence

THE alleged mastermind of a corruption scandal that has ensnared some of the Philippines most powerful politicians proclaimed her innocence on November 7 as she appeared at a highly charged Senate inquiry wearing a bullet-proof vest. College dropout Janet Lim Napoles is accused of conspiring with members of parliament to siphon off about 10 billion pesos (US$230 million) in government funds in a complex fraud operation that lasted for many years. Government prosecutors have said three sitting senators, ve former congressmen and ve ex-government agency chiefs were involved in the scam, which has triggered widespread outrage about deep-rooted corruption within the nations ruling class. That is not true. It is all lies, Ms Napoles told the nationally televised Senate hearing during a day of questioning in which she often sat stonefaced in a bullet-proof vest but at other times joked with her lawyers. Ms Napoles was escorted to court in a convoy guarded by rie-toting police commandos, and she was warned during the Senate proceedings that she had good reason to fear being killed. Senator Miriam Defensor Santiago said the senators accused of conspiring with Ms Napoles were now hoping to kill her to ensure she did not testify against them. Tell the truth before the senators affected have you assassinated. That is your path to safety, said Ms Santiago, one of the countrys most outspoken politicians against corruption. One of the senators implicated is 89-year-old Juan Ponce Enrile, the defence minister in Ferdinand Marcoss dictatorship of the 1970s and 1980s, who is one of the Philippines great political survivors. Mr Enrile, who did not appear at the November 7 hearing, denied Santiagos accusations. I feel compelled to issue a statement on todays Senate hearing lest my silence in the face of the most outrageous allegations will be construed against me, he said. Aides for the other two senators, who also did not turn up at the Senate, declined to comment. The hearing was called to investigate the scam, with the aim of creating legislation to prevent a repeat. Senators questioned Ms Napoles about reports of her familys immense wealth including a luxury apartment, a eet of expensive cars, a massive family mausoleum in a private cemetery and exclusive schools for her children. Ms Napoles denied she was extremely rich. We make just enough to get by, she said. She also repeatedly invoked her right to remain silent, saying she did not want to jeopardise her defence against expected corruption and tax charges. The justice department has recommended charges be laid against Ms Napoles and 37 other people, but none has yet been led. She was detained after being charged over the alleged kidnapping of the whistleblower in the case. AFP


NOTICE is hereby given that Yum! Brands, Inc., a company organized under the laws of The State of North Carolina, U.S.A., and having its principal office at 1441 Gardiner Lane, Louisville, Kentucky 40213, U.S.A. is the Owner and Sole Proprietor of the following trademark: -

(Reg: No. IV/10270/2013) In respect of :- Business management and consultation for restaurants and franchise services, namely, offering assistance in the establishment and operation of restaurants. - Class 35 Services for providing food and drink; temporary accommodation Class 43 Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademark or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law. U Kyi Win Associates for Yum! Brands, Inc., P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon. Phone: 372416 Dated: 11th November, 2013


NOTICE is hereby given that Taco Bell Corp., a company organized under the laws of The State of California, U.S.A., and having its principal office at 1 Glen Bell Way, Irvine, California 92618, U.S.A. is the Owner and Sole Proprietor of the following trademark: (Reg: No. IV/10272/2013) In respect of: Meat, fish, poultry and game; meat extracts; preserved, frozen, dried cooked fruits and vegetables; jellies, jams, compotes; eggs; milk and milk products; edible oils and fats. - Class 29 Coffee, tea, cocoa and artificial coffee; rice; tapioca and sago; flour and preparations made from cereals; bread, pastry and confectionery; ices; sugar, honey, treacle; yeast, baking-powder; salt; mustard; vinegar, sauces (condiments); spices; ice; tortillas and other prepared Mexican foods for consumption on or off the premises. Class 30 Services for providing food and drink; temporary accommodation Class 43 Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademark or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law. U Kyi Win Associates for Taco Bell Corp., P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon. Phone: 372416 Dated: 11th November, 2013


Spain reports its first confirmed case of emerging deadly MERScoronavirus

SPAIN said on November 6 that a woman who just returned from Saudi Arabia has been infected by the MERScoronavirusin the countrys rst case of the deadly disease. The patient, who was born in Morocco but lives in Spain, is receiving treatment at a Madrid hospital and is in a stable condition, the health ministry said in a statement. She had spent October in Saudi Arabia, where the disease rst appeared in September 2012, it added. The Middle East Respiratory SyndromeCoronavirus(MERS-CoV) has so far claimed 64 lives worldwide, with the greatest number of deaths in Saudi Arabia, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). The WHO said on November 4 there were a total of 150 laboratory-conrmed cases of the respiratory disease worldwide. The disease has so far been detected in only four other European nations Britain, Germany, France and Italy always among people who had recently travelled to the Middle East. It is unclear whether the woman had gone to the annual hajj pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia, which gathered hundreds of thousands of faithful last month in an event that was nervously monitored for any MERS outbreak. Riyadh had urged the elderly and chronically ill to avoid the hajj and had also advised pilgrims to wear face masks. Experts are struggling to understand MERS, for which there is no vaccine. It is considered a deadlier but less-transmissible cousin of the SARS virus that erupted in Asia in 2003 and infected 8273 people, 9 percent of whom died. Like SARS, MERS appears to cause a lung infection, with patients suffering from a temperature, cough and breathing difficulty. But it differs in that it also causes rapid kidney failure, and the extremely high death rate has caused serious concern. In August, researchers pointed to Arabian camels as possible hosts of the virus. AFP


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NOTICE is hereby given that R.J. London Chemicals Industries Co., Ltd. a company organized under the laws of Thailand and having its principal office at 42/4 Mu 14, Suwintawong Road, Tambol Saladang, Amphur Bangnampriew, Chachoengsao Province, Thailand is the owner and sole proprietor of the following trademark:-

Kosovorejects election
KOSOVO election officials said on November 6 they had decided to annul a vote in a Serb-populated town that was violently disrupted by hardliners last weekend, and ordered a re-run. The central electoral commission said results from three polling stations in Serb-populated Kosovska Mitrovica were annulled due to damaged ballot boxes. The date for a repeat vote in these three polling centres will be determined later, the commission said in a statement. In a blow to Serbia, which hoped a peaceful election Sunday would accelerate its EU membership path, voting was disrupted in Serb parts of Kosovska Mitrovica after Serb extremists stormed a polling station and destroyed ballot boxes. The commission decision came as the prime ministers of Serbia and Kosovo, Ivica Dacic and Hashim Thaci, met in Brussels with EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton. Ms Ashton has condemned the violence that marred the election and called for an investigation without delay. The meeting is set to discuss the the live in the north, where they make up the majority and enjoy control over some public institutions. The participation of minority Serbs in the north, who have rejected Pristinas authority, was crucial for both Serbia and Kosovo to accelerate their respective EU membership bids. Serbia does not recognise Kosovos independence, urged the minority Serb community in the breakaway province to vote and have their say in Pristinarun institutions. Kosovos independence is recognised by more than 100 states, including the United States and 23 of 28 EU member countries. Earlier, the premiers of Kosovo and Serbia had vowed to keep a peace deal on track despite the election violence. Kosovos Mr Thaci has said capital city Pristina has passed the European test by organising an election throughout the territory and by including all the people. Both governments condemned the incidents, Mr Thaci said as election officials in Kosovo ordered a re-run vote in a town where Serbs stormed a polling station. AFP

(Reg: Nos. IV/2435/1999, IV/3196 /2004 & IV/4648/2009) in respect of :- spray paint Intl Class: 2 Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademark or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law. U Kyi Win Associates for R.J. London Chemicals Industries Co., Ltd. P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon. Phone: 372416 Dated: 11th November, 2013

An electoral official pulls ballot boxes at a counting centre near Kosovo capital Pristina on November 5, 2013. Photo: AFP

next steps in the electoral process and implementation of the landmark April deal between Pristina and Belgrade on normalisation of relations, Ashtons spokeswoman Maja Kocijancic said. The vote, agreed upon in the EUbrokered accord, was the rst Serbia has backed since Kosovo unilaterally proclaimed independence from Belgrade in 2008. Some 120,000 ethnic Serbs live in Kosovo, whose 1.8 million population is mostly Albanian. Some 40,000 of them


NOTICE is hereby given that WAKODO COMPANY, LIMITED a joint-stock company duly organized under the laws of Japan, Manufacturers and Merchants of 7-15, 2-chome, Kajicho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan is the Owner and Sole Proprietor of the following trademarks:

(Reg: No. IV/5810/2010) (Reg: No. IV/5811/2010)

(Reg: No. IV/5814/2010) (Reg: No. IV/5813/2010) the above four trademarks are in respect of :lacteal flour (for babies). International Cl: 5 Milk products. International Cl: 29

(Reg: No. IV/5812/2010)

(Reg: No. IV/5815/2010) the above two trademarks are in respect of :Soaps; cosmetics International Cl: 3 Pharmaceutical, veterinary and sanitary preparations; lacteal flour (for babies); processed foods and drinks for weaning (for babies and infants); dietetic beverages adapted for medical purposes; dietetic foods adapted for medical purposes. International Cl: 5 Hygienic hand towels of paper; hygienic wet paper towels for babies; stationery and study materials; papers and cardboard; printed matter. International Cl: 16 Milk products; processed meat products; processed fisheries products; processed vegetables and fruits; curry, stew and soup mixes; raw pulses. International Cl: 29 Tea; coffee and cocoa; confectionery, bread and buns; seasonings; cereal preparations; instant confectionery mixes. International Cl: 30 Carbonated drinks [refreshing beverages]; non-alcoholic fruit juice beverages; whey beverages; vegetable juices [beverages]. International Cl: 32 Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademarks or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law. U Kyi Win Associates for WAKODO COMPANY, LIMITED P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon. Phone: 372416 Dated: 11th November, 2013


Heineken Asia Pacific Pte. Ltd., (formerly known as Asia Pacific Breweries Limited ), a Company incorporated in Singapore, of 459 Jalan Ahmad Ibrahim, Singapore 639934, is the Owner of the following Trade Marks:-

Reg. No. 9788/2013 Reg. No. 9797/2013

Reg. No. 9806/2013 in respect of Class 43: Provision of food and drink; Restaurants, bars, snack bars, cafes, canteens and fastfood outlets; catering services. Reg. No. 9795/2013 in respect of Class 32: Beer, stout, mineral and aerated waters and other non-alcoholic drinks, syrups, fruit drinks and fruit juices and other preparations for making beverages.


Archipelago Brewery Company

Reg. No. 9807/2013 in respect of Class 32: Beer, ale, stout.

Reg. No. 9789/2013

Reg. No. 9796/2013

Reg. No. 9798/2013 in respect of Class 40: Brewing services and brewing of beer.

Reg. No. 9808/2013 Reg. No. 9812/2013 in respect of Class 32: Beer, ale & stout.

Reg. No. 9802/2013 Reg. No. 9799/2013 Reg. No. 9800/2013 Reg. No. 9810/2013 in respect of Class 32: Beer. Class 33: Stout, ale, malt beverages, porter and all other alcoholic drinks.

Reg. No. 9809/2013


Reg. No. 9816/2013

Reg. No. 9803/2013 in respect of Class 32: Beer, ale, lager, stout, porter; malt beverages; mineral and aerated waters and other non-alcoholic drinks; fruit drinks and fruit juices; syrups and other preparations for making beverages.

Reg. No. 9811/2013 in respect of Class 32: Ale, beer, malt beverages, stout; aerated and mineral waters and other non-alcoholic drinks; fruit drinks and fruit juices; syrups and other preparations for making beverages.

Reg. No. 9817/2013 Reg. No. 9820/2013 in respect of Class 32: Beer, ale, lager, stout, porter; malt beverages; mineral and aerated waters and other non-alcoholic drinks; fruit juices and fruit drinks; syrups and other preparations for making beverages.

Reg. No. 9790/2013 Reg. No. 9791/2013

Reg. No. 9804/2013 in respect of Class 25: Bathing trunks, beach clothes, belts, berets, bibs, cap peaks, cap (headwear), chemisettes (short fronts), coats, coats (top), corsets, cuffs, cyclists clothing, dressing gowns, ear muffs, esparto shoes or sandals, football shoes, footwear, frames (hat), furs, gabardines, gloves, hats, headbands, jackets, jumpers, knitwear, lace boots, layettes, leggings, linen, linings, motorists clothing, muffs, neckties, outer clothing, overalls, overcoats, pants, parkas, pullovers, pyjamas, robes, sashes for wear, scarves, shawls, shoes (welts), shoes, skirts, slippers, socks, sports boots, sports jerseys, sports shoes, stocking suspenders, stockings, stockings (heel pieces), suits, suits (bathing), sweat absorbent underclothing, sweaters, swimsuits, trousers straps, trousers, trunks (bathing), underpants, underwear, uniforms, veils, vests, visors, waistcoats, waterproof clothing, wristbands.

Reg. No. 9805/2013 Reg. No. 9792/2013 Reg. No. 9793/2013 in respect of Class 32: Stout. Reg. No. 9821/2013 in respect of Class 41: Music concert services; live band performances; provision of recreational facilities; music hall services; show production; provision of karaoke facilities; organization of competitions for entertainment purposes; entertainment; recreation services; providing instructional tours, providing instructional tours relating to brewing; exhibition of films, presentation of films, production of shows, organization of beer tasting; entertainment relating to beer tasting; arranging and conducting of conferences, seminars, workshops [training]; booking of seats of shows; organizing sports and educational competition; party planning [entertainment]; film production; game services provided on-line; presentation of live performances and shows.

Reg. No. 9794/2013

Reg. No. 9801/2013 in respect of Class 32: Beer and Stout.

Reg. No. 9813/2013 in respect of Class 28: Gymnastic and sporting articles; articles of sporting apparatus. Reg. No. 9814/2013 in respect of Class 41: Arranging, Conducting, and organizing of sporting activities, competitions and sporting tournaments, sporting events, sporting contests; provision of entertainment services relating to sports and sporting events; entertainment party planning; organisation of fan clubs, provision of fan club services; electronic games provided via the internet or a computer based system; providing websites for players to rank their scores of games; providing websites for game players to exchange information on games, provision of gaming facilities; provision of news and information relating to sport, sporting activities and entertainment. Reg. No. 9815/2013 in respect of Class 25: Articles of clothing; headgear; bathing trunks, beach clothes, beach shoes, belts [clothing], berets, bibs, boots, cap peaks, caps [headwear], chemisettes [short fronts], coats, top-coats, corsets, cuffs, dressing gown, ear muffs, esparto shoes or sandals, football shoes, footwear, frames (hat) [skeletons], furs [clothing], gabardines, gloves [clothing], hats, headbands [clothing], jackets, jumpers, knitwear, lace boots, layette, leggings, linen articles of clothing; body linen [garments], ready-made linings [parts of clothing], muffs [clothing], neckties, outerclothing, overalls, overcoats, pants, parkas, pullovers, pyjamas, robes, sandals, sashes for wear, scarves, shawls, shoes (welts for), shoes, shirts, slippers, socks, sport boots, sports jerseys, sports shoes, stocking suspenders, stockings, stockings (heel pieces), suits, suits (bathing-), sweat absorbent underclothing, sweaters, swimsuits, tee-shirts, trouser straps, trousers, trunks (bathing), underpants, uniforms, veils, vests, visors, waistcoats, wristbands. Continue to page 45


International World 45

US kidnapper rapist took cowards way out, captive says in first interview
RAPIST ArielCastrotook a cowards way out when he killed himself in prison, one of the three women he abducted and held captive for a decade said Wednesday. I understand the reason why he did it, Michelle Knight said. He nally gured out the pain he put us through was the pain he didnt want to go through. Ms Knight was the rst of the three women to be snatched off the street in 2002 when she was 20 years old. I was the most hated, she said in the rst public interview given by any of the women since their dramatic escape on May 6. By the third time I got pregnant, it was kicking, jumping on my stomach like I was a bed, Ms Knight said. He would literally have me lay straight and jump on my stomach. Ms Knight said Ms DeJesus who was 14 when she was kidnapped in 2004 would try to rub her stomach to ease the pain, but it just kept on coming like a knife. She said nearly died whenAriel Castroforced her to eat sandwiches with mustard even though she was allergic to it. Her throat and body swelled up. Ms DeJesus wrapped her arms around Ms Knight, who begged her to let me die, but she wouldnt do it. She was not close with fellow captive Amanda Berry, who was kidnapped at age 16 in 2003 and boreAriel Castros daughter. He treated her totally different so she looked at the situation in a different way, Ms Knight said. She was one of those girls that really didnt get it. It was Ms Berry who allowed the women to escape after breaking open part of the front door and calling out to a neighbor for help. Tasting freedom after 11 years of torture was a roller coaster of mixed emotions, Ms Knight said. I wanted to kiss the ground that I was walking on, and thank God for letting me get out of that hellhole. More than 92 pounds (42 kilograms) of chains were found in the lthy, darkened home where the women were kept in locked rooms with boarded-up windows. Ariel Castro, 53, pleaded guilty on August 1, after prosecutors agreed not to seek the death penalty. He was sentenced to 1000 years in prison and hanged himself from the window of his prison cell a month later. AFP

I wanted to kiss the ground that I was walking on.

Michelle Knight Escaped kidnapping victim

In the second episode of a paid interview with the popular Dr Phil television program, the diminutive woman described how she grew close with fellow captive Gina DeJesus after they were chained together in a locked room. There was times he would hit her and I would stop him and take the hit, she said. I know how it feels to be hurt, and I didnt want her to go through that. She described how Ms DeJesus comforted her afterAriel Castro starved her and beat her until she miscarried. Every time got worse, she told celebrity therapist Phil McGraw.

Continue from page 44


Kerry to joinIrannuclear negotiations as hopes for historic agreement rise

US Secretary of State John Kerry will travel to Geneva Friday to join international talks onIrans disputed nuclear programme, fuelling hopes a historic deal may be in sight. Tehran and world powers ended a rst day of talks on November 7 withIranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif saying a deal could be reached before we close these negotiations. Negotiators fromIranand six global powers are meeting for two days in Geneva to broker a deal that could see Tehran freeze its nuclear efforts in exchange for some relief from the sanctions that have battered its economy. Western powers suspectIrans uranium enrichment may be aimed at developing nuclear weapons, a claim Tehran denies. Mr Kerry will go to the Swiss city in an effort to help narrow differences in negotiations and at the invitation of EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton, a senior State Department ofcial said. Upending an 11-day tour mostly of the Middle East, Mr Kerry was due to arrive in Geneva later on November 8 for the talks which had dragged for years until newIranian President Hassan Rouhani came to power in August. Mr Kerry, who was in Amman Thursday, will rst y to Tel Aviv to meet with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, and his surprise decision to go to Geneva is sure to infuriate key US ally Israel.Iranian leaders in the past have denied the Holocaust and threatened to destroy the Jewish state. Any deal with the Islamic republic Western officials described as substantive and productive. There is a window of opportunity now that has been created by theIranian people ... and that opportunity needs to be seized, Mr Zarif said. After the talks, a spokesman for Ms Ashton said we are making progress but that it was too early to speak of an end game. I cant give you any sort of nal verdict yet, said the spokesman, Michael Mann. The ball is in their court. In another possible indication the talks were making headway, Mr Zarif cancelled a planned trip to Rome to stay on in Geneva. Irans lead negotiator, Deputy Foreign Minister Abbas Araqchi, said Zarif was staying because talks have entered a complicated, difficult and intensive phase. The meeting is the second since Rouhani took office in August pledging to resolve the nuclear dispute and lift sanctions by engaging with world powers. Iranis anxious for relief from crippling economic sanctions that have cut oil revenues by more than half, caused the value of the rial to plunge and pushed ination above 40 percent. The West is also keen to seize a rare opportunity to build bridges withIranafter decades of hostility, opening the door to engaging with Tehran on other issues like the conict in Syria, whereIranhas backed President Bashar al-Assad against insurgents. AFP

Reg. No. 9818/2013 in respect of Class 32: Ale, beer, malt beverages, stout; aerated and mineral waters and other non-alcoholic drinks; fruit drinks, fruit juices and fruit drinks; syrups and other preparations for making beverages.

Reg. No. 9819/2013

Reg. No. 9822/2013 Reg. No. 9823/2013 in respect of Class 32: Ale, beer, malt beverages, stout; aerated and mineral waters and other non-alcoholic drinks; fruit juices and fruit drinks; syrups and other preparations for making beverages. Fraudulent imitation or unauthorised use of the said Trade Marks will be dealt with according to law. Win Mu Tin, M.A.,H.G.P.,D.B.L. for Heineken Asia Pacific Pte. Ltd. P.O. Box 60, Yangon E-mail: makhinkyi.law@mptmail.net.mm Dated: 11 November 2013

Irans Foreign Minister MohammadJavad Zarif before a meeting with the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council plus Germany overIrans nuclear program at UN headquarters in New York. Photo: AFP

would be a mistake of historic proportions, Mr Netanyahu warned. Irans Zarif was due to meet early on November 8 with EU diplomatic chief Ashton, who is chairing the talks on behalf of the P5+1 group of world powers permanent UN Security Council members Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States, plus Germany. In their second meeting in Geneva in less than a month, Iranian negotiators sat down for a series of talks that


NOTICE is hereby given that AIA Company Limited (formerly known as American International Assurance Company, Limited), a company organized under the laws of Hong Kong and having its principal office at AIA Building, No. 1, Stubbs Road, Hong Kong, is the Owner and Sole Proprietor of the following trademarks: (1) (2)

46 World International




ABangladesh Rifles soldier gestures following the announcement of his death penalty at the special court in Dhaka on November 5, 2013. Photo: AFP

The said Trade Marks (1), (2) (3) and (4) consist of (1) the letters AIA; (2) the letters AIA and a mountain device in a circle in black; (3) the words The real life company and the letters AIA and a mountain device in a circle in black and (4) the letters AIA and a mountain device in a circle in red the letters AIA, respectively. The above Trade Marks are used in respect of the following description of goods and services, that is to say: Class 16 Calendars; charts; envelopes; financial planning guides in printed form; holders for checkbooks [cheque books]; instructional and teaching material (except apparatus); member medical card; newsletters; office requisites (except furniture); printed matter; stationery. Class 35 Accounting; administration processing of purchase orders; auditing; book-keeping; business appraisals; business inquiries; business investigations; business management and organization; business research; commercial information and advice for consumers [consumer advice shop]; commercial or industrial management assistance; compilation of information into computer databases; compilation of statistics; cost price analysis; drawing up of statements of accounts; economic forecasting; personal management consultancy; price comparison services; consultancy, advisory services and provision of information relating to all the foregoing. Class 36 Actuarial services; banking; brokerage; capital investment services; capital management services; clearing, financial; credit card services; financial affairs; financial analysis; financial evaluation [insurance, banking, real estate]; financial information; financial management; financial planning, investment analysis, portfolio allocation services; financial services; fiscal assessments; fund investments; insurance; insurance brokerage; insurance services; leasing of real estate; monetary affairs; mutual funds; real estate affairs; retirement payment services; consultancy, advisory services and provision of information relating to all the foregoing. manufactured, imported, sold, rendered by or on behalf of AIA Company Limited in the Union of Myanmar. That Declarations of Ownership in respect of the said Trade Marks have been registered in the Office of the Sub-Registrar, Yangon, under Registration Nos. (1) IV/4231/2013, (2) IV/4232/2013, (3) IV/4233/2013 and (4) IV/4234/2013, respectively all dated 29th April, 2013. WARNING is hereby given that any fraudulent imitation, unauthorized or improper uses of the said Trade Marks or other infringement of the rights of AIA Company Limited in any manner whatsoever will be dealt with according to law. Dated this 11th day of November, 2013. U Kyi Win Associates for AIA Company Limited 53-55 Maha Bandoola Garden Street P.O. Box 26, Yangon, Phone 372416

152Bangladeshi soldiers get death sentence

ABANGLADESHI court sentenced more than 150 soldiers to death and jailed hundreds more on November 5, after a mass trial over a 2009 mutiny in which scores of top officers were massacred. Some 823 soldiers plus 23 civilians appeared in a special court charged with murder, torture and other offences over the mutiny, in which 74 people were shot, hacked to death or burnt alive before their bodies were dumped in sewers or shallow graves. A judge passed the death penalty on 152 of the soldiers, who looted weapons and led the killing spree, partly in anger that their longstanding pleas for better pay and treatment were ignored. Another 161 soldiers plus some civilians were sentenced to life in prison while 262 defendants were jailed for up to 10 years, over the uprising that started at theBangladeshRies (BDR) headquarters in Dhaka and spread to other BDR bases. The atrocities were so heinous that even the dead bodies were not given their rights, Judge Mohammad Akhtaruzzaman told the packed court in the capital as he read out the longawaited verdicts. The uprising briey threatened the newly elected government of Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina in a country with a history of military-backed coups. Executions by hanging are regularly carried out in Bangladesh. Lawyers for the soldiers on death row said they will appeal. The judge acquitted another 271 people, prompting chaotic scenes in the court. Many cheered and cried out Allahu Akbar! (God is great). Several of those convicted screamed at the judge in anger, with one soldier crying out, I am innocent. You will face Allahs wrath. I dont need a life term. Hang me, hang me! another shouted. Nearly 6000 BDR soldiers, a paramilitary corps responsible for patrolling the nations borders, have already been convicted by dozens of special courts over the mutiny, whose victims included 57 top officers. The 823 soldiers were singled out for prosecution in a civilian court for leading the mutiny at BDR headquarters, after earlier being found guilty in military courts. Twenty-three civilians were also charged with criminal conspiracy. A former opposition MP and a junior ofcial from the ruling party were given life sentences on November 5 for assisting the uprising. The 800-plus accused were crammed into the specially built courtroom, sitting on long rows of benches before sessions judge Akhtaruzzaman to hear the verdict. Families of 10 of the slain officers were also in court. Today we have got justice. The dead will nally nd peace and their families will now get some solace, Major General Aziz Ahmed, chief of the renamed Border Guards, said after the verdict. An official probe into the mutiny blamed years of pent-up anger among ordinary soldiers over ignored pleas for pay rises and for improved treatment. Resentment of better-paid superiors built up. The judge said the soldiers, who earned about US$70 a month, should have been given better benets and treatment to defuse the resentment, saying they could not afford to send their children to military-owned schools. Security was tight at the court, with several thousand security officers deployed outside as a precaution. The case comes asBangladeshreels from a political crisis that has left some 20 people dead as the opposition campaigns to force Mr Hasina to quit. The opposition on November 5 staged the second day of a strike as part of the campaign, which started on October 25 and has seen clashes between activists from both major parties and their allies and police. Deadly violence has also erupted this year in protest at the sentencing to death of seven mainly Islamist leaders for atrocities committed during the 1971 war of independence. During the 2009 uprising, the mutineers stole around 2500 weapons and broke into an annual meeting of top BDR officers before shooting them. They also stormed the house of the BDR head on the base and killed his wife, domestic staff and guests, before setting re to the building and stealing valuables including gold jewellery. Lead prosector Baharul Islam said the case was the largest of its type in the world, with hundreds of witnesses called for the trial that started in January 2011 and nished in October. AFP


French journalists murdered by AQ

AL-QAEDAS north African division claimed responsibility on November 6 for the murders of two French journalists in Malis rebel populated desert, saying they were killed to avenge Frances new crusade in its former colony. Ghislaine Dupont, 57, and Claude Verlon, 55, were kidnapped and shot dead by what French officials called terrorist groups after interviewing a spokesman for Tuareg separatists in the ashpoint northeastern town of Kidal on November 2. Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) said in a statement published online by Mauritanian news agency Sahara Medias the killings were the minimum debt owed by the French people and President Francois Hollande in return for their new crusade. This operation was a response to crimes committed by France against Malians and the work of African and international forces against the Muslims of Azawad, the AQIM said, using the name given by the Tuareg people to northern Mali. In response, a communications official in the French presidency told AFP the country would use all its resources to ensure these crimes do not go unpunished, no matter who is responsible. AQIM said the murders had been carried out by a unit led by Tuareg commander Abdelkrim Targui, who was close to Abdelhamid Abou Zeid, one of the AQIMs main leaders in Mali who was killed ghting the French army in northern Mali in late February. Abou Zeid, who was 46, was credited with having signicantly expanded the jihadist groups eld of operations to Tunisia and Niger, and for kidnappings across the region. The claim came a day after the bodies of the Radio France Internationale (RFI) journalists were own back to Paris, with French and Malian troops intensifying the hunt for their killers. A French military patrol found Ghislaine Dupont and Claude Verlons bodies about 12 kilometres (7 miles) east of Kidal, just hours after they were snatched, lying by the pickup truck in which they had been abducted. They had been interviewing a spokesman for the main armed separatist group in the region, the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad. The killings have shaken France, which just days earlier was celebrating the return of four hostages who had been held for three years after being abducted by the AQIM in Malis neighbour Niger. AFP


International World 47

Dutch government sued over NSA spying

A GROUP of lawyers, journalists and privacy advocates in the Netherlands is taking the government to court to prevent Dutch intelligence using phone data illegally acquired by the US National Security Agency. Five individuals, among them a prominent investigative journalist and a well-known hacker, and four organisations led the case before The Hague district court on November 6, according to their lawyer Christiaan Alberdingk Thijm. The case comes after recent revelations that the NSA monitored 1.8 million phonecalls in a month in the Netherlands and then passed some of the data to Dutch intelligence services. The NSA has been at the centre of a global furore set off by a series of bombshell leaks from former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden, who lifted the lid on the US governments far-reaching digital dragnet. Dutch Home Affairs Minister Ronald Plasterk, whose ministry is the defendant in the case, last week conrmed the NSAs phone intercepts, telling national television that whether its about politicians or ordinary citizens its not acceptable. He said the Dutch secret service (AIVD) did exchange information with the NSA but was not necessarily aware from where the information came. Those bringing the lawsuit include investigative journalist Brenno de Winter and hacker Rop Gonggrijp who is under investigation by US authorities for his involvement with Wikileaks and they say they want the NSA to stop eavesdropping and handing over information to Dutch intelligence. The plaintiffs want judges to declare that the Dutch state was acting illegally by receiving information from foreign intelligence services, which had been collected through spy programmes like [the NSAs] PRISM, contrary to Dutch law. The Dutch government should tell the plaintiffs in writing within three months what type of information was gathered about them and what the information was used for. The document asked for the case to be heard on November 27. Last week Britains Guardian newspaper reported that British and Dutch intelligence services closely cooperated in exchanging intelligence including providing legal advice on Dutch legislative issues. AFP

Shell manipulates Nigeriaoil spills probes

AMNESTY International alleged on November 7 that Shell has repeatedly misrepresented the cause of oil spills inNigeria, blaming criminal sabotage to avoid liability, in a charge the Anglo-Dutch energy giant dismissed as unsubstantiated. The number of spills in the southern Niger Delta region, home to Africas largest oil industry, was staggering, the London-based rights group said in a new report, Bad Information. Oil Spill Investigations in the Niger Delta. Shell, the largest onshore operator in the delta, has reported 348 spills since the start of 2012, while theNigerian Agip Oil Company, theNigerian subsidiary of Italys ENI, has reported nearly 1000 over the same period, it added. Oil companies, and particularly Shell, have manipulated the results of spill investigations, the report stated, blaming oil-thieving gangs when the rms neglected, decaying infrastructure may be the cause. Shells claims about oil spills cannot be trusted, said the head of global issues at Amnesty, Audrey Gaughran. The spill investigation process was inherently awed, according to Amnesty and the Centre for Environment, Human Rights and Development (CEHRD), a local group which co-authored the report. Probes to determine the extent of Shells liability for a spill are funded and largely controlled by the company itself, the organisations said. Shell looks to blame others based on investigation reports that, in some cases, amount to nothing more than dodgy dossiers, said Styvn Obodoekwe, director of programs at CEHRD. The federal body charged with carrying out independent technical analysis of spills lacks the resources and expertise to credibly do its work, the rights groups charged. Pipeline sabotage is a massive problem in the delta and plays a central role in the continuing environmental dev astation in the region, independent analysts have said. Gangs break into the pipelines and siphon off crude for sale on the lucrative black market, a key element in the oil theft trade which costsNigeriaat least US$6 billion in lost revenue each year, according to official estimates. This sabotage inevitably causes spills which remain the main cause of oil pollution in the delta today, said Precious Okolobo, spokesman for ShellsNigeriasubsidiary, the Shell Petroleum Development Company ofNigeria(SPDC), adding he rejected Amnestys unsubstantiated assertions. AFP

An area devastated by oil spills caused by oil thieves and Shell operational failures in the Niger River Delta. Photo: AFP



NOTICE is hereby given that our client, Stratona bvba, a company incorporated under the laws of Belgium, and having its principal place of business at Rue de Spa 52 B41, 1000 Brussels, Belgium, is the owner and proprietor of the following trade mark:

A man wears a face mask as a woman covers her mouth during a visit to Tiananmen Square in Beijing on November 5.Chinas top negotiator at international climate talks said on November 5 that air pollution in his own country the worlds biggest carbon emitter is harming its citizens.Photo: AFP

Girl, 8, is Chinas youngestlungcancer case

AN eight-year-old girl has become Chinas youngestlungcancer patient, reports said, with doctors blaming pollution as the direct cause of her illness. The girl, whose name was not given, lives near a major road in the eastern province of Jiangsu, said Xinhuanet, the website of Chinas official news agency. It quoted Jie Fengdong, a doctor at Jiangsu Cancer Hospital in Nanjing, as saying she had been exposed to harmful particles and dust over a long period of time. Lungcancer cases among children are extremely rare, with the average age for diagnosis about 70, according to the American Cancer Society. But the incidence of the disease has skyrocketed in China as the countrys rapid development has brought with it deteriorating air quality, particularly in urban areas. Lungcancer deaths in China have multiplied more than four times over the past 30 years, according to Beijings health ministry. Cancer is now the leading cause of death in the smog-ridden capital. The report of the eight-year-old girls diagnosis comes after choking smog enveloped the northeastern city of Harbin two weeks ago, bringing ights and ground transport to a standstill and forcing schools to shut for several days, with visibility in some areas reduced to less than 50 metres (16 feet). At the height of the smog, the citys levels of PM2.5 the smallest, most dangerous type of airborne particle reached 1000 micrograms per cubic metre, 40 times the World Health Organizations recommended standard. High levels of PM2.5 have been linked to health problems includinglungcancer and heart disease. AFP

Reg. No. 4/8237/2013 in respect of Class 41: Providing education, training, guidance services and facilities; Operating nursery, primary and secondary schools; Providing teacher training services; Providing vocational training, organizational improvement, guidance, consultancy and support services; Providing inspection services; Providing curriculum programme development services; Arranging and conducting education related programmes, events, activities, conferences, workshops, seminars, camps, and road-shows; Arranging and conducting music, sport, drama and educational trips; Operating boarding schools, bus services, recreational facilities, tuition and training centres; and Developing and disseminating educational material. Fraudulent imitation or unauthorised use of the said trade mark shall be dealt with according to law. Daw Wint Thandar Oo, Advocate for Stratona bvba c/o Polastri Wint & Partners Legal Services Ltd. Unit 104, Royal Yaw Min Gyi Condo, No. 52, Yaw Min Gyi Street, Dagon Township, Yangon, Republic of the Union of Myanmar E-mail: wint@pwplegal.com Dated: 11 November 2013



THE PULSE EDITOR: MANNY MAUNG manny.maung@gmail.com



We have a responsibility to explain not only about the history of Myanmar puppetry but also the discipline involved
U Khin Maung Htwe Master puppeteer

IRST, you hear the boisterous traditional music, symbolising the chaos that reigned before the earth was made. Then comes the horses head, representing the galaxy Asavani in which our planet first appeared. The Myanmar puppet show is nothing if not a stickler for tradition. But for all the colourful pageantry and the skill and the care its practitioners exert, the fact is that today Myanmar people are far less interested in their own puppet tradition than foreigners are. After the horse, two monkeys appear to symbolise the trees, followed by the



dragon, the ogre and the zawgyi (demigod or magician) which join the dance in all its glamour and mystery. So lifelike are the figures that the local term is youk thay, or small person, said U Khin Maung Htwe, director of puppeteers Htwe Oo Myanmar. Marionette theatre is tightly bound by tradition. In the past, Myanmar puppeteers were only male, and the bodies of male and

female puppets were intricately carved as close as possible to real life. Their clothing was authentic pieces in miniature. A Myanmar marionette performance offers orchestra, singer and puppeteer. But now the discipline is starting to erode, as the new generation loses interest in the old art. In the old days, no pagoda festival was complete without a marionette show. But now, we can see puppetry only at festivals at Shwe Sar Yan, Tha Htone and Kyaik Khauk, Thanlyin. Those shows are free because local people wont pay to watch, said U Khin Maung Htwe. U Myo Min Aung, lead player of the

Htoo Char Yoke Sone puppet group, said, We once showed a play where a prince picked up a piece of fruit from the ground and put it in a girls basket. The audience loved it because the movements were so lifelike. We have to appeal to a local audience more. Falling demand is killing the art of puppetry as audiences, and the numbers of new puppeteers, dwindle. There were two members of the National University of Art and Culture in our puppet group. When we went to the UAE to perform, they stayed behind because theyd been offered more money. I dont blame them, as we cant give them job


the pulse 49

Cartoonists have the last laugh

NANDAR AUNG nandaraung.mcm@gmail.com THE Tazaungdaing festival of November is famous for hot air balloons in the Shan State capital Taunggyi and an all-night robeweaving event at Shwedagon Pagoda, which sees hundreds of people camping out on the pagoda oor. Less well known about Tazaungdaing is that it is a chance to celebrate the nations cartoonists: those men and women whose satirical drawings have helped the public keep a light heart during some of their darkest times. Yangons 13th Street, in Lanmadaw township, will host this years incarnation of the longrunning annual public exhibition of pen-and-ink creations from November 16 to 18. The location is tting: The street is also known as U Ba Gyan Street, in honour of U Ba Gyan (1902-1953), widely considered the countrys rst and most famous cartoonist. A man of many accomplishments including the rst Myanmar cartoon movie in 1935 U Ba Gyan is perhaps best known for holding private cartoon shows in his home each year starting in 1938. During the annual Tazaungdaing festival, cartoons were displayed on paper lanterns around his property, featuring work that had been censored under British rule and could not be published or shown otherwise. After his death he was awarded the Alinkar Kyawswa award in 1955, the highest national honour of recognition of an individual for their artistic skills given out, ttingly, by the now
The Myanmar marionette has long been an art tradition in the country, but professional puppeteers say they are now struggling to attract interest from local audiences. Photo: Kaung Htet

independent government. The tradition remained strong, with cartoonist U Pe Thein adding a new element to the show in 1961, a contest which sparked a new generation of modern Burmese cartoonists. But after General Than Shwes military government pressured the artists into ending the exhibitions altogether in 1997, the show closed until 2011, when the relaxing of censorship laws at last allowed it to resume. Fortunately, the appeal of the cartoon festival has not faded in the interim. In fact, its modern incarnation has inspired other annual exhibitions in the city, such as the Yae Kyaw cartoon exhibition in Pazundaung township, held during the October full moon festival of Thadingyut. Nowadays we draw the cartoons on drawing paper and show them at night, said U Mg Mg Aung, a cartoonist and one of the participants in this years show. Septuagenarian U Shwe Min Tar has been organising the event for the past 20 years and has been featured in the exhibition himself. His rst entry was made in 1958. He said this years event will feature satire and cartoons related to next months SEA Games competition. Another cartoonist, U Win Aung, said that the exhibitions inspire others to pursue the profession, as well as raising awareness about different issues. When [U Ba Gyan] was alive he used to cover a wide variety of topics and events and was occasionally ridiculed, U Win Aung said. His cartoons show human frailties. But his cartoons are the best known among Myanmar people because they depict the problems we face.

security, said U Khin Maung Htwe. He said Myanmar puppet artists can only envy other Asian countries where the tradition of puppetry is being preserved and is still popular with local audiences, such as in Vietnam. Vietnamese water puppetry, originating from about the 11th century, is a unique variation on an ancient Asian puppet tradition. Using ponds and pools of water as a stage, the art form has a Water Puppet Theatre dedicated to its performance in Hanoi. But in Myanmar, the old ways are changing. The wood called ya ma nay was used for human characters, horses and nats . It is hard as teak, but not heavy. Millingtonia hortensis wood ( aye ka yit ) was used for kings, hermits and ministers, all carved by hand, said U Myo Min Aung. But now they use whatever kind of wood is readily available. I feel sad when I see puppet shows without music, stages and so on. We have a responsibility to explain not only about the history of Myanmar puppetry but also the discipline involved, said U Khin Maung Htwe. U Myo Min Aung says he can see the marionette slowly disappearing. The culture could disappear one day if we dont preserve it. Puppetry is a treasure of Myanmar culture and art. Its not just up to the government to help us preserve it.
The annual cartoon festival in Yay Gyaw, Yangon, is inspired by the Tazaungdaing cartoon festival held on 13th Street. Photo: Thet Htoo

50 the pulse local


SEA craft - Games gifts by local artisans featured

NANDAR AUNG nandaraung.mcm@gmail.com LOCAL artisans recently showed off their handmade, Southeast Asian Games-inspired creations at a gift show, commissioned by the government to get the public excited for next months festivities. The Thein Phyu Sports Hall in Yangon was the site of the day-long gift show held October 27 for the 27th SEA games. Organised by the Ministry of Sport, local craftsman created over 100 kinds of handmade gifts for the event. Daw Saw Hnin Htwe, assistant engineer at the Ministry of Sport, said the exhibition would help people become familiar with the products as the games progressed.
Khin Maung Yin is described as more artist than man . Photo: Boothee

We intend to distribute the handmade gifts all over the country so its a good opportunity for people to see what they like, Daw Saw Hnin Htwe said. The craft work incorporates the official SEA Games logo and artisans now have formal approval to sell their handmade gifts at market stalls. We created the gifts as the ministry specied, said Daw Myat Mo Mo from the Phoenix Land company. I used gifts with raw material which I could nd locally. I made 33 kinds of SEA Games pictures using ceramics. I am so proud to be a participant in this show. Myanmar will be the host of the 27th SEA Games from December 1-22. Hundreds of athletes will compete in 33 sporting events in Nay Pyi Taw, Yangon, Mandalay and Ngwe Saung.

Khin Maung Yin: A bohemian artist living in simplicity

ZON PANN PWINT zonpann08@gmail.com GENEROUS he may be, and careless of fortune and fame. But Khin Maung Yin got so tired of people taking away his pictures without paying for them that he took up portraiture, hoping nobody would want to put anybody elses portrait on their wall. To mark his 75th birthday,, on November 8, Gallery 65 hosted an exhibition November 8-10, featuring 62 of Khin Maung Yins portraits, along with paintings by four deceased artists Paw Oo Thet (1936-1993), Khin Maung (Bank) (1910-1983), Aung Khin (1921-1996) and Khin One (1947-2000). Khin Maung Yin studied architecture at University of Yangon. After graduation, he left for Dhaka to be part of the team working on the Kamalapur Railway Station. He was there for about 18 months before heading home to paint. The works on display were provided by a private collector and admirer and feature faces that are famous in art circles, mostly of Khin Maung Yins close friends, artists Paw Oo Thet, Win Pe, Khin One, U Ngew Gaing and one self-portrait. The portraits were not for sale, except for three nudes and a few paintings of buildings. Khin Maung Yin lives alone in North Okkalapa, cared for by his nephew. He disclaims all interest in possessions and social status, proclaiming the motto, I dont care. He cares very little for money and secludes himself creating art, said Pe Nyut Way, who attended the exhibition. I eat and paint. Its all I do every day, Khin Maung Yin told The Myanmar Times. Artist and author Ma Thanegi wrote in her 2010 English-language biography entitled This is Khin Maung Yin, Khin Maung Yin is more artist than man. He dismisses luxury or material possessions as superuous.

Miss Universe Myanmar proves popular in Russia

MOE Set Wine, Myanmars representative in the Miss Universe 2013 international beauty pageant held in Moscow, has proved to be a popular candidate, rating consistently high scores during the preliminary rounds. In one of the rounds Best Bikini Body she came in at third place after Miss Philippines and Miss United States of America. Moe Set Wine was also included in the top 10 for the Miss Photogenic title, one of the more coveted titles in the Miss Universe comp. Lwin Mar Htun

Moe Set Wine has helped place Myanmar be placed on the international pageant circuit. Photo: AFP


the pulse local 51

Lin Lin impresses fans with his first solo performance in Yangon, October 26. Photo: Zarni Phyo

An oldie, but a goodie: Rocker Lin Lin mellows out


THE debut solo concert of Lin Lin one of Myanmars most famous and beloved popular singers drew a slightly older and mellow audience recently in Kandawgyi Myawsin Island in Yangon. Formerly of the band The Jungle and now a solo artist, Lin Lin played

his fan favorites for the mixed crowd, young and old, and even brought out his guitar to give fans an acoustic, unplugged side concert on a separate stage, playing Khouk Yoe Kyoe, (Going around in circles), among other famous tunes. The mood of the concert was so relaxed that he even solicited requests from the crowd from time to time, which pleased everyone. From time to time, someone would shout out a request for Lin Lins most famous song, Iron Buttery (which is also the name of Lin Lins third album), a song originally

written in honour of National League of Democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi. When it was released in July 2013, the album sold 5000 copies in a single day. Lin Lin saved the most requested, and some would say, best for last. Iron Buttery was the nal song of the night. His eagerness and love for the audience was evident, as Lin Lin played two sets and was able to maintain the performance of his voice throughout. Most of his songs were about love and life, and some were political, but the mood of the evening was light and

airy, comfortable with only a bit of rock and roll in between. The whole audience joined in to sing one his most famous songs, Sate Kuu Htel Ka Manat Phyan (Tomorrow which I imagined in my mind). Everyone put their hands in the air and swayed along with the melody. Lin Lin picked up the mood a bit and woke up the younger crowd with Eain Met Htel ka Sit Thar Kyi(A soldier from my dream), Youn Ne(New dawn), and Khouk Yoe Kyoe were the hits for the night as everyone rocked though their evening with Lin Lin.

This is Lin Lins rst solo tour, but he has already released three albums as a solo artist. The albums, Sin Sar Par (Please think), and A Mhan Ta Yar (Truth) were released in 2009 and 2011 respectively. After the Yangon concert, Lin Lin is heading north, holding his rst live solo performances in Pyin Oo Lwin, Taunggyi and Mandalay. The Mandalay concert is particularly exciting for Lin Lin, who told The Myanmar Times that he was denied permission to perform there a year ago. Lin Lin starts his tour in Pyin Oo Lwin on November 10.


LWIN MAR HTUN lwinmarhtun.mcm@gmail.com NEW singer Lone Lone broke into the local music scene in early October with the release of her debut album, titled Nin Thi Tek Ta Nae (A day you know my feeling), featuring a hefty 18 tracks of soft rock and electro-pop. Despite her newcomer status, Lone Lone managed to attract support from a number of music industry stalwarts, including the bands Lazy Club and The Trees, who supply backing music for the more rock-oriented songs. Electro-pop tracks were produced by Moe Moe and D Yan, and Lone Lone also shares duets with heavy-

Lengthy album sells singer Lone Lone short

hitters R Zarni, He` Lay and Wine Su Khaing Thein. Contributing composers include Shwe Gyaw Gyaw (famous for his work with Phyu Phyu Kyaw Thein), Lin Lin, Z War, KAT, Min Chit Thu and San Pee. The album opens with a peppy song titled Di Lo Nek Pae (Just like this) written by Shwe Gyaw Gyaw. The lively, upbeat music matches well with Lone Lones sweet vocal delivery, as do the silly young-couple-in-love lyrics. One of the albums highlights is the title track, Nin Thi Tek Ta Nae, a slow, straightforward acoustic song with simple lyrics about heartbreak and lost love. Composed by San Pee, its the perfect vehicle for Lone Lones soft and charming voice, which, at its best, can brings tears to the eyes of listeners. Unfortunately, such high points are few and far between on this album. Lone Lone is a ne singer, but she demonstrates little versatility and might therefore have trouble breaking out of the narrow connes of the soft pop genre. This shortcoming is especially apparent on the duet songs, where Lone Lones restrained voice tends to be overshadowed by the mature vocals of her more famous partners. Su Khaing Thein, for example, easily outperforms Lone Lone on Dto Thi Par Tel (I knew it), while Chit Thaw Thu Anan (A kiss from love), a potentially great love song, suffers from a stylistic mismatch between Lone Lone and veteran rocker R Zarni. Even a celebrated composer like Lin Lin cant save the album: His songs tend to provide an excellent platform for energetic singers who have the ability to project their voices, but this is a skill that Lone Lone has not yet acquired. One of the problems is the sheer length of the CD: 18 songs are just too many for a debut album, and its clear that tougher decisions should have been made by the producers about what to include and what to cut. An album focusing on the 10 or 12 best songs would have made for a much stronger release, and might have left the impression that Lone Lone has more to offer on future albums. Instead, listeners are left wondering whether she possesses the range and exibility necessary to develop into a truly impressive singer.

Lone Lone is a fine singer but she demonstrates little versatility, so may have trouble breaking out of the soft pop genre

Living well in Myanmar

the pulse 53

Start your day off right

Tackle obesity, heart disease and high blood pressure by sitting down with your family for breakfast each morning

WHAT if I told you there is a daily ritual youve often completed but may not engage in regularly, one which can control your weight, help your kids do better in school, reduce your chance of heart attack and help you live longer? Well, there is, and its called breakfast. Most people have heard that breakfast is good for you, but what are the specics? Weve suspected for several decades now that regularly eating breakfast may have a variety of health benets. There is fairly good evidence

from different types of studies that skipping meals (and that usually means breakfast) is linked to being overweight and having high cholesterol, high blood pressure and diabetes. Now, we have further information from a study published this year that eating breakfast regularly is associated with a decline in heart disease. The researchers followed 27,000 Americans for 16 years, and found that those who skipped breakfast had a 27 percent higher risk of having a heart attack over that time period. The benet remained even after statistically accounting for differences in diet, smoking and exercise. Whether eating breakfast is the sole cause of the benecial health outcomes found in these studies remains unproven. Nevertheless the argument for

having a morning meal is compelling. Paediatric research also extols the virtues of breakfast. Associations have been established between breakfast consumption, learning capacity and school performance. Passing up on breakfast seems to make it more difficult for kids to problem-solve, commit things to memory and maintain more concentration. Meanwhile obese children tend to eat breakfast with less regularity and consume a higher percentage of calories at dinner. Scientists dont know for sure why breakfast appears to be benecial. We know that people who eat every morning wind up consuming fewer calories than breakfast-skippers over the course of the full day.

It may also be that the body undergoes unnecessary stress from a metabolic standpoint if it doesnt have reliable energy stores during the rst few hours of the day. Perhaps this stress manifests as high blood pressure which causes heart disease, and insulin sensitivity which causes diabetes. Researchers who study circadian rhythm feel that food consumption in the morning helps reset the bodys internal clock, thereby contributing to a generally healthy state of being. So what is breakfast then? An article in the journal Nutrition Review denes breakfast as the rst meal of the day, eaten before or at the start of daily activities, within two hours of waking and typically no later than 10am. Somewhere between a quarter and a third of daily calories should

be consumed with the meal. Just what the optimal breakfast food is remains less well dened, but let common sense be your guide avoid sugary cereal and fried dough while emphasising grains and bre. The challenge to overcome in eating a healthy breakfast is often not a lack of desire but the logistics. Individuals and families need to make time for a morning meal, establishing a routine and making sure good food options are reliably available. Your body, heart and mind will thank you. Christoph Gelsdorf is an American Board of Family Medicine physician who sees patients in Yangon and California. He is an honorary member of the Myanmar Medical Association. Reader thoughts and questions are welcomed.

De-stress with an Indonesian snake massage

SAM REEVES LYING on a massage table at a spa in the Indonesian capital Jakarta, Feri Tilukay closed his eyes and smiled blissfully as three enormous snakes slithered all over him. He is one of a small band of customers brave enough to try the snake massage, where the gentle hands of a professionally trained masseuse are swapped for the cold, scaly skin of six-foot (1.8-metre) pythons. It is a very unique sensation, said Tilukay, 31, as the snakes slid over him during a recent session, adding the treatment gives you an adrenaline rush. Dressed only in a pair of shorts, he seemed completely relaxed as three reptiles named Jasmine, Muscle and Brown got to work on him. They draped themselves over his neck, rolled around on his stomach and back and occasionally arched their necks and stuck out their forked tongues. Two masseuses also attended the session to ensure safety and to encourage the snakes whose mouths are kept shut with sticky tape to move around, making sure they didnt just coil up and stay put in one spot. Before the 90-minute treatment, which costs 480,000 rupiah (US$43), the snakes are taken out of the plastic boxes where they are kept and cleaned with antiseptic. While many people who get the massage at the centre, called Bali Heritage Reexology and Spa, are thrill-seekers or just looking for a new experience, a handful, like Tilukay, are trying to get over a life long fear of snakes. I used to be afraid of snakes. I had a phobia. But after getting this treatment several times, the phobia started going away and now I like snakes, said Tilukay, an accountant, who has had three of the sessions. The snake massage service, which started around a year ago, has been attracting a steady stream of customers.

A masseuse massages while pythons slither over Indonesian customer Feri Tilukay. Photo: AFP

However, animal rights groups have raised concerns, with the Jakarta Animal Aid Network describing the treatment of the snakes as exploitation. We are angry to hear about any kind of animal exploitation, includ-

ing snakes, said group spokesman Benvika. Masseur, Abraham, insisted that the snakes were not being ill-treated and that they enjoyed the contact with humans that came

from the massages. We dont treat them like workers, we treat them like our friends or family, he said. We kiss them, we hug them, we take good care of them. AFP

54 the pulse tea break

Universal Crossword
Edited by Timothy E. Parker




ACROSS 1 Awesome time 6 Sits tight 11 Cereal grass 14 Happy Days role 15 Bother 16 Anti-piracy enforcers 17 Precise, as an arrival 19 Pocket watch attachment 20 Estevez of The Mighty Ducks 21 Steered 23 Broccoli parts 26 Brown-haired (var.) 27 Most common 28 Volunteers? 30 Blockheads 31 Chili hotness unit? 32 Offense against God 35 Explosive palindrome 36 Crash together 38 Wildebeests alias 39 Cry of derision 40 Bubbling and steaming 41 ___ by the wayside 42 Rossum and others 44 Word with scream or urge 46 Even though 48 Black-footed albatrosses 49 Congeals 50 Kings chair 52 Chinese way 53 Cruising 58 It looks good on paper 59 Left the ground for a moment 60 Japanese industrial center 61 Dissenting chorus 62 Like horror movie music 63 Tear repairer DOWN 1 A sib for sis 2 Company PCs are likely on one 3 Keyboard key 4 The sun and moon, for two 5 Some amusement parks have them 6 Cries shrilly 7 A demonstrated position? 8 Whats gotten ___ you? 9 Before-long link 10 Empty nest, for one 11 Not with it 12 Ranking higher than 13 Yaks turf 18 Ships post that secures cables 22 Football offense option 23 Cappuccino topper 24 Dangling vine in the rain forest 25 Not reported 26 Polar explorer Admiral Richard 28 When ___ said and done ... 29 Get but good 31 Shaving cream ingredient 33 Bit of dental work 34 Voids partners 36 Short negligee 37 41 43 44 45 46 47 48 50 51 54 55 56 57 Short bio Skill NYC opera house Adjective for the little rich girl? Sonata sections Join the cast of Grassy plain Fireplace item Bunny slope lift Arizona tribe Word before a maiden name Hem and ___ (hesitate) D-Day commanders nickname Average score for the golf course








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the pulse food and drink 55

Soba: so basic yet so tasty



HIS month well be exploring a variety of noodle dishes from different cultures. Some dishes are classic; others are modern fusion creations which reinvigorate the traditions of the past with whole new tastes. Lets get started with soba noodles. Soba is Japanese for buckwheat; its a healthy alternative to other noodles as it contains all eight essential amino acids, as well as other nutrients. The process of making soba noodles is a marvel to watch never turn down an opportunity to observe a master noodle-maker at work but such is their popularity that you can also buy them dried or fresh but frozen at your local supermarket. I like the dried noodles, as theyre easy to store and I can pull them out at any time. This weeks rst recipe makes for a

quick and easy dinner after a long day at the office. The shiitake mushrooms in the miso soup impart strong avours to the noodles, but a touch of sugar helps sweeten the taste. SOBA NOODLES IN SHIITAKE MUSHROOM SOUP (SERVES 4) 6-8 dried shiitake mushrooms carrot, julienned 3 shallots 1 cups bean sprouts 2 tablespoons soybean paste (miso paste, dashi type) 5 cups water 2 teaspoons vegetable oil 3 tablespoons light soy sauce 2 tablespoons mirin (a type of Japanese rice wine) teaspoon sugar 200 grams soba noodles Roasted sesame oil to garnish Chilli to garnish Wash the dried shiitake mushrooms thoroughly and soak them

in enough warm water to submerge them all. After they become soft and puffed, slice them thinly. Peel and shred the carrot. Slice shallots diagonally. Rinse bean sprouts thoroughly and drain well. Dissolve miso paste in 5 cups of water. Add vegetable oil into stockpot and saut mushrooms for a minute on medium heat. Add one-third of sliced shallots and saut as well. Remove pot from heat and slowly pour in miso mixture. Be wary of steam. Bring pot back over the heat and let boil. Once bubbling, turn down the heat and let simmer. Add soy sauce, mirin and sugar. If you prefer, add a generous amount of ground white pepper to the mix. Let simmer for another 5 minutes, add carrots, then simmer another 5 minutes to infuse all the avours. Prepare soba noodles according to packet instructions. Add noodles into a bowl, sprinkle bean sprouts on top and pour soup over them. Garnish with some shallots and a dash of roasted sesame oil. Serve with chilli powder. SOBA NOODLES WITH STIR-FRIED PORK MINCE AND VEGETABLES (SERVES 6) 300 grams pork mince 2 tablespoons light soy sauce 1 tablespoon mirin teaspoon ground white pepper 200 grams Chinese cabbage 1 medium-sized carrot 100 grams snowpeas 1 tablespoon vegetable oil 2 cloves garlic teaspoon sugar 350 grams soba noodles FOR THE DRESSING 1 tablespoon vegetable oil 2 teaspoon roasted sesame oil 2 tablespoons Kikkoman soy sauce

Soba noodles with stir-fried pork mince and vegetables. Photo: Phyo

2 tablespoons mirin teaspoon sugar 1 tablespoon roasted white sesame seeds Absorb excess water from pork mince with kitchen paper. In a bowl, combine pork mince, 1 tablespoon of soy sauce, 1 teaspoon of mirin and ground white pepper and leave to marinade for at least 30 minutes. Meanwhile, wash the Chinese cabbage and drain well. Crush the white parts and slice them into 3-4 cm widths. Peel the carrots and slice them thinly (julienne). Snap off the top of the snow peas then wash and drain well. Heat vegetable oil in a wok on high heat. Fry the pork mince, using a wooden spatula to break it up. Let sizzle for a few minutes then add crushed garlic. Add the white (crunchy) parts of the Chinese cabbage and fry for 2 minutes. Add carrots and snow peas and fry for a minute.

Add cup of water, 1 tablespoon of soy sauce, and remaining mirin and sugar into the stir fry. Add the leaves of the Chinese cabbage, fry for 1 to 2 more minutes, and remove the wok from the stove. Prepare the soba noodles according to packet instructions. Mix all dressing ingredients well. Dish up the noodles onto the plate, pour the dressing over and serve with stir-fried pork mince on the side. TIPS Mirin, a sweet cooking wine, can be replaced with sugar. I use Korean soy paste as miso paste, but you can also substitute with 1 tablespoons dark soy sauce. QUOTE Never eat more than you can lift Miss Piggy, The Muppets NEXT WEEK Rice noodles

Soba noodles in shiitake mushroom soup. Photo: Phyo

Finding an oasis in dusty Mandalay

JEREMY MULLINS jeremymullins7@gmail.com A VISIT to Mandalay provides the chance to savour some of Myanmars best food. The streets abound with delightful local delicacies, and the noodle shops and roadside restaurants are not to be missed. Motorbikes crowd around the most popular restaurants, which are busy throughout the day. But sometimes it is nice to enjoy a few amenities from time to time, like cocktails and air conditioning and cushions on the seats. Until recently it has been hard to nd such an oasis or at least one not catering to the tour bus crowd but the addition of Hunters Caf and Bar has proven a welcome addition to the Mandalay scene. Located a block from the moat on 27th Street between 80th and 81st, it sits as central as any place in the sprawling city. It is near the Indian quarter, close to where several foreigner-oriented hotels have sprung up. The well-decorated interior shows the craftsmanship of the Australian Linton brothers, who opened the place earlier this year. During the day the prevailing attitude is laid-back, but on some nights the establishment truly earns its bar moniker. Indeed, some Saturday nights the second oor transitions into a full-edged disco with a DJ. Arriving at cocktail hour, my dining partner and I went with a margarita (K3500) and a mai thai (K3000). The drinks were carefully attended to by a bartender bent over what appeared to be a cocktail instructions book, but the end result was refreshing enough to make me forget the Mandalay dust. The menu is heavily oriented toward Western food, as manager Thomas Linton admits it would be difficult to compete with the local restaurants on Asian fare. I selected an imported steak from the special board at K9500, on discount from its regular K11,000 as it is a new item on the menu. It arrived on the rarer side of medium, though garnished with surprisingly full-bodied gravy and well-prepared sides of salad and fries. Intent on making the most of a rare Mandalay Western meal, my dining partner ordered a Hawaiian pizza (K7500). Although Hunters must be battling the most tenuous

Imported steak at Hunters Cafe and Bar in Mandalay. Photo: Jeremy Mullins

Hawaiian pizza. Photo: Jeremy Mullins

of supply lines, the pizza would hold its own against Papa Pizzas gold Yangon standard. The cheese was thick, the toppings plentiful and the crust would have done an American pizzeria proud, coming without the sugary avour that is the downfall of many locally made pizzas. For dessert we split the cheesecake (K6000), itself another recent menu addition. While it came in somewhat crumbly, it served to satiate my sweet tooth. If you nd yourself in Mandalay in need of an oasis, you can do a lot worse than stopping by Hunters.

Mandalay Restaurant
Hunters Cafe and Bar, 27th Street between 80th and 81st Street, Mandalay Food: 8 Drink: 9 Service: 8 Atmosphere: 8 X-factor: 8 Value for money: 7 Total Score:


56 the pulse socialite

MCMs First Friday Halloween Bash


Lucky Draw Dwards Ceremony for Pokka Soft Drinks


Opening ceremony for Jardine-Schindlers new ofces

Yangon Halloween Boat Cruise

Ko Kyaw Swar Win

Ma Yin Nyein Thu and Ma Zar Chi Lwin

Willis Phua


the pulse socialite 57


SOCIALITE launched into her week with Halloween festivities on her mind. Her conundrum what to dress up as for The Myanmar Times Halloween party? A pre-SEA Games event thrown together by City Mart and the 100 Plus gang helped take her mind of her problems early in the week, leaving her time to spend scheming up her outt. On October 30 she got in on the ground oor for the launch of elevator-maker Jardine-Schindlers new offices in Yangon. The next day brought with it Halloween (!), but before donning her scariest costume, she attended the Nissenken factory launch and Asiana Airlines eco solar light donation ceremony. Then, after dark, she headed out with her MT crew for their annual spooky bonanza. The rst day of November saw a tired Socialite itting about to events like the lucky draw awards ceremony of Pokka soft drinks. On November 2, she visited the Origin Spas launch for a much needed massage. From there, she was off to try her luck at the Nescaf lucky draw. Alas, she didnt win, but consoled herself that there will be more opportunities next week. See you then!

Origin Spa opening

No No Kay

Taw Win Center Halloween party



Tan Bee Chen and Chea Bee Choo

Fragrant Group home sales launch

Ko Thaw Zin Oo, U Myint Thein and Chris Zhi

John Lwin

Ma Ei Ei Chaw Su and May Sweet

58 the pulse travel



YANGON TO NAY PYI TAW Flight Days Dep FMI A1 1,2,3,4,5 7:30 FMI A1 6 8:00 FMI B1 1,2,3,4,5 11:30 FMI A1 7 15:30 FMI C1 1,2,3,4,5 16:30 NAY PYI TAW TO YANGON Flight Days Dep FMI A2 1,2,3,4,5 8:50 FMI A2 6 10:00 FMI B2 1,2,3,4,5 13:00 FMI A2 7 17:00 FMI C2 1,2,3,4,5 18:00 YANGON TO MANDALAY Flight Days Dep YH 917 1,3,4,5,6,7 6:00 YJ 901 2,7 6:00 YJ 901 4,5 6:00 YH 917 2 6:00 YJ 891 Daily 6:10 Y5 234 Daily 6:15 YH 909 2 6:15 6T 401 Daily 6:20 YJ 901 1 6:30 K7 222 Daily 6:30 K7 626 1,5 6:45 K7 226 2,4 6:45 YJ 001 3 7:30 YJ 001 1,2,4,5 7:30 W9 201 Daily 7:30 8M 6603 2,4,7 9:00 K7 624 Daily 10:30 YJ 201 1,2 11:00 YJ 761 1,2,4 11:00 YJ 201 3 11:00 YJ 211 7 11:00 YH 729 2,6 11:00 YJ 761 6 11:00 W9 251 2,5 11:15 6T 807 7 11:30 YH 729 4 11:30 YH 729 4 11:30 YH 727 1 11:30 YH 737 3,5,7 11:30 YH 729 6 11:30 6T 807 1 12:00 YJ 201 4 12:00 YJ 211 5 12:00 YJ 601/W9 7601 6 12:15 K7 224 Daily 14:30 W9 129 Daily 15:00 YH 731 1,2,3,4,5 15:00 YJ 005 1,3,5 15:30 6T 501 Daily 15:30 YH 731 6,7 15:30 W9 211 Daily 15:30 MANDALAY TO YANGON Flight Days Dep YJ 901 2,7 7:40 YH 910 2 7:55 Y5 233 Daily 8:10 YH 918 2 8:20 YJ 891 Daily 8:30 6T 402 Daily 8:45 YJ 901 1 8:50 K7 223 Daily 8:55 Arr 8:30 9:00 12:30 16:30 17:30 W9 201 Daily YH 918 1,3,4,5,6,7 YJ 902 4,5 W9 144 Daily YJ 002 3 YJ 001 1,2,4,5 Y5 132 3,5,6,7 K7 227 2,4 K7 627 1,5 K7 845 2,4,7 YH 730 4 6T 808 7 YH 738 3,5,6,7 YH 738 5 6T 808 1 YH 730 2 YH 730 6 YJ 202 1 YJ 202 2 YJ 202 3 YJ 212 5 YJ 202 4 YJ 602/W9 7602 6 YJ 762 1,2,4 W9 120 1,3,6 K7 225 Daily YJ 005 1,3,5 YJ 212 5 YH 728 1 W9 129 Daily W9 211 Daily YH 732 1,2,3,4,5 K7 625 Daily 8M 6604 2,4,7 YJ 752/W9 7752 3,7 YJ 762 6 YH 732 6,7 YH 738 7 6T 502 Daily YJ 752/W9 7752 5 9:10 9:10 9:15 9:20 9:25 9:50 9:30 10:35 10:55 12:50 13:10 13:15 13:40 13:40 13:45 14:00 14:30 15:30 15:30 16:00 16:30 16:30 17:40 16:35 16:30 16:50 16:55 17:00 17:00 17:10 17:10 17:10 17:10 17:20 17:30 17:40 17:40 17:40 17:50 18:00 11:05 11:05 11:20 10:45 10:20 10:45 10:30 12:00 12:20 16:00 17:10 15:15 18:00 18:05 15:45 18:55 18:15 16:55 17:35 17:25 17:55 18:35 19:45 18:00 17:55 19:00 18:45 19:05 18:25 18:35 19:15 19:15 18:35 18:30 18:55 19:05 19:45 19:05 19:55 19:25 YJ 891 Daily YH 917 1,3,4,5,6,7 W9 144 Daily 6T 401 Daily YJ 901 1 K7 222 Daily 6T 351 1,2,3,4,6,7 YH 910 3 YJ 901 2,7 YJ 901 3 YH 910 2 W9 141 Daily YH 910 1,4,5,6,7 YJ 902 4,5 6T 351 5 YJ 761 6 YJ 202 2 YJ 202 4 K7 225 Daily YJ 212 5 W9 211 Daily YJ 602/W6 7602 6 6T 502 Daily YH 731 6,7 7:45 8:25 8:50 7:55 8:05 8:05 8:05 8:05 8:25 8:35 8:40 7:50 9:40 10:00 10:50 11:00 16:15 17:15 17:45 17:45 17:55 18:25 18:35 18:25 10:25 11:05 10:10 10:45 10:15 11:00 11:10 10:10 9:45 9:55 10:00 10:40 11:00 11:20 13:55 12:20 17:35 18:35 19:00 19:05 19:15 19:45 19:55 19:45 YH 737 YH 729 W9 203 W9 119 W9 129 K7 826 6T 807 K7 224 YH 731 6T 501 YH 731 3,5,7 4 Daily 1,3,6 Daily 2,6 1 Daily 1,2,3,4,5 Daily 6,7 11:30 11:30 11:00 11:15 15:00 11:45 12:00 14:30 15:00 15:30 15:30 12:55 16:00 12:10 12:25 16:10 13:00 14:20 15:45 16:25 16:40 16:55 YANGON TO THANDWE Flight Days Dep W9 141 Daily 6:15 6T 351 1,2,3,4,6,7 6:30 YH 505 2,3 10:30 YH 511 5 10:30 6T 605 Daily 11:15 YH 511 1,5 11:30 W9307 2,4 11:30 W9 309 1,3,5,6,7 11:30 YH 505 4,6,7 11:30 THANDWE TO YANGON Flight Days Dep W9 141 Daily 9:50 6T 632 1,2,3,4,6,7 10:15 6T 605 Dailys 12:25 YH 512 5 12:35 6T 632 5 13:00 YH 506 2,3 13:10 W9 307 2,4 14:05 W9 309 1,3,5,6,7 14:05 YH 506 4,6,7 14:10 Arr 9:35 10:00 13:10 11:35 12:10 12:35 13:50 13:50 14:10

Arr 9:50 11:00 14:00 18:00 19:00

Arr 7:40 7:25 9:00 8:20 8:15 7:30 7:55 8:25 8:35 8:40 8:10 8:10 8:25 9:20 8:55 10:10 11:55 12:25 12:55 12:55 12:55 14:00 14:00 12:40 12:55 13:10 13:10 13:40 13:40 14:30 13:25 13:25 13:25 13:40 16:35 16:55 17:10 16:25 17:30 17:40 16:55

YANGON TO MYITKYINA Flight Days Dep K7 844 2,4,7 7:30 K7 624 Daily 10:30 YJ 201 1,2 11:00 W9 251 2,5 11:15 YJ 211 7 11:00 YJ 201 3 11:00 YJ 201 4 12:00 YJ 211 5 12:00 MYITKYINA TO YANGON Flight Days Dep YJ 202 1 14:05 YJ 211 7 14:35 YJ 202 2 15:30 K7 625 Daily 15:40 YJ 202 3 16:00 W9 252 2,5 16:05 YJ 202 4 16:30 YJ 212 5 17:00 YANGON TO HEHO Flight Days Dep YH 917 2 6:00 YH 917 1,3,4,5,6,7 6:00 YJ 901 4,5 6:00 YJ 891 Daily 6:10 W9 141 Daily 6:15 6T 401 Daily 6:20 K7 222 Daily 6:30 6T 351 1,2,3,4,6,7 6:30 W9 201 Daily 7:30 K7 828 1,3,5 7:30 YJ 791 6 9:15 YH 505 2,3 10:30 YJ 751/W9 7751 3,7 10:30 YJ 751/W9 7751 5 11:00 YJ 761 1,2,4 11:00 YJ 211 7 11:00 YJ 761 6 11:00 YJ 201 3 11:00 6T 807 7 11:30 YH 727 1 11:30 YH 505 4,6,7 11:30

Arr 11:05 13:25 13:50 14:10 14:20 14:20 14:50 14:50

Arr 9:45 10:00 9:25 10:15 10:25 10:45 10:15 11:00

YANGON TO NYAUNG U Flight Days Dep YH 917 2 6:00 YJ 901 4,5,6 6:00 YJ 901 2,7 6:00 YH 917 1,3,4,5,6,7 6:00 YJ 891 Daily 6:10 W9 141 Daily 6:15 YH 909 1,4,5,6,7 6:15 YH 909 2 6:15 6T 401 Daily 6:20 6T 351 1,2,3,4,6,7 6:30 K7 222 Daily 6:30 YJ 901 1 6:30 YH 909 3 6:30 YJ 901 3 6:30 YJ 761 6 11:00 W9 143 Daily 7:15 K7 224 Daily 14:30 YH 731 1,2,3,4,5 15:00 YH 731 6,7 15:00 6T 501 Daily 15:30 W9 211 Daily 15:30 NYAUNG U TO YANGON Flight Days Dep YJ 901 6 7:35 YH 917 2 7:35

Arr 7:35 7:20 8:10 8:25 7:30 7:35 7:50 8:40 7:40 7:50 7:50 7:50 8:05 8:20 12:20 8:35 17:25 17:55 18:25 18:20 17:40

Arr 16:55 17:55 17:35 18:35 17:25 19:00 18:35 19:05

Arr 8:55 10:15

Arr 9:05 9:55 8:15 9:00 8:20 9:20 9:30 8:45 9:40 8:45 10:25 11:55 11:40 12:10 12:10 12:10 13:15 12:10 13:50 12:55 12:55

HEHO TO YANGON Flight Days Dep YJ 901 4,5 8:30 W9 141 Daily 8:35 YH 910 1,4,5,6,7 8:45 6T 352 Daily 9:00 YH 910 3 9:00 YH 918 2 9:05 YJ 891 Daily 9:15 6T 402 Daily 9:35 K7 223 Daily 9:45 W9 201 Daily 9:55 YH 918 1,3,4,5,6,7 9:55 YJ 791 6 10:40 YH 506 2,3 11:55 W9 204 Daily 12:25 YH 506 4,6,7 12:55 K7 829 1,3,5 13:50 6T 808 7 14:05 6T 808 1 14:35 YH 728 1 16:15 YH 738 3 16:50 YH 738 5 16:55 YH 738 7 16:55 W9 120 1,3,6 15:45 YJ 762 1,2,4 15:50 K7 224 Daily 16:00 W9 129 Daily 16:25 YH 731 1,2,3,4,5 16:25 YJ 752/W9 7752 3,7 16:45 6T 501 Daily 16:55 YH 731 6,7 16:55 YJ 762 6 16:55 K7 827 2,6 17:25 YJ 752/W9 7752 5 17:15 YH 730 2 17:45 YANGON TO SIT T WE Flight Days Dep 6T 605 Daily 11:15 6T 611 4,6 14:30 W9 309 1,3,5,6,7 11:30 K7 426 Daily 12:30 SIT T WE TO YANGON Days Dep Daily 13:35 Daily 14:05 4,6 16:15

Arr 11:20 10:40 11:00 11:10 10:10 10:15 10:25 10:45 11:00 11:05 11:05 11:50 14:00 13:35 15:00 15:05 15:15 15:45 18:25 18:00 18:05 19:05 17:55 18:00 19:00 18:35 19:15 18:55 19:55 19:45 19:05 18:40 19:25 18:55

Arr 10:40 11:10 15:00 13:25 13:55 14:00 14:55 14:55 15:00

Domestic Airlines
Air Bagan Ltd. (W9) Air KBZ (K7)
Tel : 513322, 513422, 504888, Fax : 515102 Tel: 372977~80, 533030~39 (Airport), Fax: 372983

Air Mandalay (6T)

Tel : (Head Ofce) 501520, 525488, Fax: 525937. Airport: 533222~3, 09-73152853. Fax: 533223.

Asian Wings (YJ)

Tel: 951 516654, 532253, 09-731-35991~3. Fax: 951 532333

Golden Myanmar Airlines (Y5)

Tel: 95 9 400446999, 95 9 400447999, Fax: 01 860 4051

Yangon Airways(YH)

Tel: (+95-1) 383 100, 383 107, 700 264, Fax: 652 533.

Arr 13:15 15:55 12:55 13:50

FMI Air Charter - Sales & Reservations

Tel: (95-1) 240363, 240373 / (+95-9) 421146545

6T = Air Mandalay W9 = Air Bagan YJ = Asian Wings K7 = AIR KBZ YH = Yangon Airways FMI = FMI AIR Charter Y5 = Golden Myanmar Airlines

Flight 6T 606 K7 427 6T 612

Arr 15:00 15:25 17:40

YANGON TO MYEIK Flight Days Dep K7 319 Daily 7:00 MYEIK TO YANGON Days Dep Daily 11:30

Arr 9:05

Flight K7 320

Arr 13:35

Subject to change without notice


the pulse travel 59


Flights PG 706 8M 335 TG 304 PG 702 TG 302 8M 331 PG 704 Y5 237 TG 306 YANGON TO BANGKOK Days Dep Daily 7:15 Daily 8:20 Daily 9:50 Daily 10:30 Daily 14:55 Daily 16:30 Daily 18:20 Daily 18:05 Daily 19:45 Arr 9:30 10:05 11:45 12:25 16:50 18:15 20:15 19:50 21:40 Arr 10:20 14:05 19:35 Arr 5:00 12:25 14:40 15:05 16:05 16:05 21:15 23:35 20:05 Arr 11:50 12:50 16:30 20:00 Arr 21:55 Arr 13:15 15:50 22:15 Arr 16:15 Arr 18:35 18:00 17:35 Arr 16:05 Arr 21:30 MANDALAY TO KUNMING Flights Days Dep MU 2030 Daily 14:40 Flights 8M 336 TG 303 PG 701 TG 301 PG 703 TG 305 8M 332 PG 705 Y5 238 BANGKOK TO YANGON Days Dep Daily 11:30 Daily 7:55 Daily 8:50 Daily 13:00 Daily 16:45 Daily 17:50 Daily 19:15 Daily 20:15 Daily 21:10 Arr 17:20 Arr 0:15 8:50 9:40 13:45 17:35 18:45 20:00 21:30 21:55 Arr 8:00 17:20 11:45 Arr 9:20 10:45 10:40 14:50 15:45 17:05 23:35 18:25 14:45 Arr 13:15 Arr 8:00 11:15 13:50 14:40 Arr 10:30 16:35 15:50 Arr 9:55 Arr 11:30 13:15 13:55 Arr 17:50 Arr 18:10 DON MUEANG TO MANDALAY Flights Days Dep Arr FD 2760 Daily 10:50 12:15 KUNMING TO MANDALAY Flights Days Dep MU 2029 Daily 13:55 Arr 13:50

Israel holds on to a piece of Herod


International Airlines
Air Asia (FD)
Tel: 251 885, 251 886.

YANGON TO DON MUENG Flights Days Dep FD 2752 Daily 8:30 FD 2756 Daily 12:15 FD 2754 Daily 17:50 YANGON TO SINGAPORE Flights Days Dep MI 509/SQ 5019 1,2,6,7 0:25 8M 231 Daily 8:00 Y5 233 Daily 10:10 SQ 997/MI 5871 Daily 10:25 8M 6232 Daily 11:30 3K 586 Daily 11:30 MI 517/SQ 5017 Daily 16:40 TR 2827 2,3,4,5,7 19:05 TR 2827 1,6 15:35 YANGON TO KUALA LUMPUR Flights Days Dep 8M 501 1,3,6 7:50 AK 1427 Daily 8:30 MH 741 Daily 12:15 MH 743 Daily 15:45 Flights CA 906 YANGON TO BEIJING Days Dep 2,3,4,6,7 14:15

DON MUENG TO YANGON Flights Days Dep FD 2751 Daily 7:15 FD 2753 Daily 16:35 FD 2755 Daily 11:10 SINGAPORE TO YANGON Flights Days Dep SQ 998/MI 5872 Daily 7:55 3K 585 Daily 9:20 8M 6231 Daily 9:10 8M 232 Daily 13:25 MI 518/MI 5018 Daily 14:20 Y5 234 Daily 15:35 MI 520/SQ 5020 1,5,6,7 22:10 TR 2826 2,3,4,5,7 17:00 TR 2826 1,6 13:15 BEIJING TO YANGON Flights Days Dep CA 905 2,3,4,6,7 8:05 KAULA LUMPUR TO YANGON Flights Days Dep AK 1426 Daily 6:55 MH 740 Daily 10:05 8M 502 1,3,6 12:50 MH742 Daily 13:30 GUANGZHOU TO YANGON Flights Days Dep CZ 3055 3,6 8:40 CZ 3055 1,5 14:45 8M 712 2,4,7 14:15 Flights CI 7915 TAIPEI TO YANGON Days Dep 1,2,3,4,5,6 7:00

Air Bagan Ltd.(W9) Air China (CA) Air India

Tel : 513322, 513422, 504888, Fax : 515102 Tel : 666112, 655882. Tel : 253597~98, 254758. Fax: 248175


Bangkok Airways (PG) Condor (DE)

Tel: 255122, 255 265, Fax: 255119 Tel: + 95 1 -370836 up to 39 (ext : 810)

Dragonair (KA)

Tel: 95-1-255320, 255321, Fax : 255329

Golden Myanmar Airlines (Y5)

Tel: 95 9 400446999, 95 9 400447999, Fax: 01 860 4051

Malaysia Airlines (MH)

Tel : 387648, 241007 ext : 120, 121, 122 Fax : 241124

YANGON TO GAUNGZHOU Flights Days Dep 8M 711 2,4,7 8:40 CZ 3056 3,6 11:20 CZ 3056 1,5 17:40 YANGON TO TAIPEI Flights Days Dep CI 7916 1,2,3,4,5,6 10:50 YANGON TO KUNMING Flights Days Dep MU 2012 1,3 12:20 MU 2032 2,4,5,6,7 14:40 CA 906 2,3,4,6,7 14:15 YANGON TO CHIANG MAI Flights Days Dep W9 9607 7 14:35 Flights VN 956 YANGON TO HANOI Days Dep 1,3,5,6,7 19:10

Myanmar Airways International(8M)

Tel : 255260, Fax: 255305

Silk Air(MI)

Tel: 255 287~9, Fax: 255 290

Thai Airways (TG)

Tel : 255491~6, Fax : 255223

Vietnam Airlines (VN)

Fax : 255086. Tel 255066/ 255088/ 255068.

Qatar Airways (Temporary Ofce)

Tel: 01-250388, (ext: 8142, 8210)

KUNMING TO YANGON Flights Days Dep MU 2011 1,3 8:20 CA 905 2,3,4,6,7 12:40 MU 2031 2,4,5,6,7 13:30 CHIANG MAI TO YANGON Flights Days Dep W9 9608 7 17:20 HANOI TO YANGON Flights Days Dep VN 957 1,3,5,6,7 16:35

FD & AK = Air Asia TG = Thai Airways 8M = Myanmar Airways International Y5 = Golden Myanmar Airlines PG = Bangkok Airways MI = Silk Air VN = Vietnam Airline MH = Malaysia Airlines CZ = China Southern CI = China Airlines CA = Air China KA = Dragonair Y5 = Golden Myanmar Airlines IC = Indian Airlines Limited W9 = Air Bagan 3K = Jet Star AI = Air India QR = Qatar Airways KE = Korea Airlines NH = All Nippon Airways SQ = Singapore Airways DE = Condor Airlines MU=China Eastern Airlines BR = Eva Airlines DE = Condor AI = Air India

YANGON TO HO CHI MINH CITY Flights Days Dep Arr VN 942 2,4,7 14:25 17:10 Flights QR 619 YANGON TO DOHA Days Dep 1,4,5 8:15 Arr 11:15

HO CHI MINH CITY TO YANGON Flights Days Dep Arr VN 943 2,4,7 11:40 13:25 BANGKOK TO MANDALAY Flights Days Dep TG 781 2,3,5,6,7 7:25 PG 709 1,3,5,7 12:00 Flights QR 618 Arr 8:50 13:20

YANGON TO PHNOM PENH Flights Days Dep Arr 8M 403 3,6 16:50 19:15 YANGON TO SEOUL Flights Days Dep Arr 0Z 770 4,7 0:35 9:10 KE 472 Daily 23:35 08:05+1 YANGON TO HONG KONG Flights Days Dep KA 251 1,2,4,6 01:10 Arr 06:00

AESAREA, a small town in central Israel on the Mediterranean Sea known for its upscale neighborhoods, was built two millennia ago as a port city at the command of Herod the Great, the Rome-appointed king of Judea. Ruins of the man-made harbour still stand today, and though an earthquake once left most of the breakwater below the waters surface, the remains about 500 meters away reveal the grand scale of the undertaking. The towns historic park includes the ruins of a palace with beautiful mosaic oors, an amphitheatre and a stadium for chariot races, which offer a taste of the ourishing New Testament era when the city was built. Its said that there was once anchorage for 1000 ships, said Oren Dov, a local tour guide. Surrounding the harbour, the ruins of the city are a valuable reminder of the legacy of Herod the Builder. Born during the Hasmonean dynasty, which ruled Judea during the rst and second centuries BC, Herod was descended from a people who had been converted to Judaism. Through strong ties with Rome, Herod made a name for himself as the Hasmonean dynasty faded. He was elected king of the Jews by the Roman Senate in the year 37 BC and he ruled until his death, after which Rome divided the territory among three of his sons. Herod is almost universally portrayed as a cruel and jealous king. Many believe that when he learned of the birth of Jesus, who would become king of the Jews, he ordered all infant boys put to death. He is also said to have murdered his wife, three sons and mother-in-law during an internal feud. No Jew would name a child Herod, nor would that name be given to a street or building, Dov said. But as an architectural visionary, Herod was glorious. Ruins of the architectural projects he spearheaded are scattered across Israel and the

West Bank, which include the Temple in Jerusalem and the fortications at Masada. According to Silvia Rozenberg, 64, of the Israel Museum, [As a builder,] Herod the Great changed the landscape of this area. Todays Israel was then under the control of the Roman Empire. Herod distinguished himself as a provincial governor under the Hasmonean dynasty and was heavily indebted to Rome for the establishment of his own power base. Herod was backed by Octavius, who would become Augustus, the rst Roman emperor, and successfully balanced the demands of being both king of the Jews and a Roman citizen. The inuence of Rome is visible his architectural projects were all executed in the Roman style and the name Caesarea is derived from Augustus full name. While Herod needed to maintain favour with Rome, He probably tried to create employment through construction to win support as a king who served the needs of the people, Rozenberg said. During Herods rule of more than 30 years, Judea saw no major wars, and it seems possible that he was trying to clean up his image as a brutal king through such an abundance of magnicent architecture. Walking among the ruins of Caesarea its harbour, residences, warehouses, recreational facilities and temples one gets a sense of a complex city plan featuring structures designed for a variety of functions. The ports foundation, which was constructed underwater using cement a rst at the time stands out as a product of practicality and technological innovation. Herod appears to have been bold but exible in his ideas. It took 12 years to build Caesarea, and Herod is said to have paid countless visits to construction sites. One can picture Herod standing before the city as it neared completion, dreaming of glory for the Jews, vowing to leave behind a symbol of his rule. The Yomiuri Shimbun

DOHA TO YANGON Days Dep Arr 3,4,7 21:05 07:00+1

YANGON TO TOKYO Flights Days Dep Arr NH 914 Daily 21:45 06:50+1 YANGON TO KOLKATA Flights Days Dep AI 228 1,5 14:05 MANDALAY TO BANGKOK Flights Days Dep TG 782 2,3,5,6,7 9:30 PG 710 1,3,5,7 14:10 Arr 15:05 Arr 11:55 16:35

PHNOM PENH TO YANGON Flights Days Dep Arr 8M 404 3,6 20:15 21:40 SEOUL TO YANGON Flights Days Dep Arr KE 471 Daily 18:40 22:30 0Z 769 3,6 19:50 23:25 TOKYO TO YANGON Flights Days Dep NH 913 Daily 10:30 HONG KONG TO YANGON Flights Days Dep KA 250 1,3,5,7 21:45 Flights AI 227 KOLKATA TO YANGON Days Dep 1,5 10:35 Arr 15:30 Arr 23:30 Arr 13:20

Subject to change without notice

Day 1 = Monday 2 = Tuesday 3 = Wednesday 4 = Thursday 5 = Friday 6 = Saturday 7 = Sunday

MANDALAY TO DON MUENG Flights Days Dep Arr FD 2761 Daily 12:45 15:00

Ceasarea harbour in Isreal, built under Kind Herods command. Photo: AFP

60 the pulse local


Parting the clouds of blindness

A Nepalese eye surgeon brings a revolutionary technique to treat cataracts to Myanmar

NOVEMBER 11 - 17, 2013

AQUARIUS | Jan 20 - Feb 18

LEO | Jul 23 - Aug 22 Make a pledge to yourself to succeed in life and be careful to conduct yourself towards others, as you would want them to act towards you. You must learn to cut all sources of retreat. Unfortunately, you dont have any magic, but better than magic is what you call discipline. There can be no enlightenment without the practice of right concentration, which is also important in personal relationships. VIRGO | Aug 23 - Sep 22 There is no doubt that environmental conditioning has had a strong effect on your performance as well as capability. Your own standards of acceptance from yourself and others must be reasonable and adaptable. Knowledge is not always the power but your mind should not be complicated with preconceived theories and analysis. Success is a fulllment of the secrets of success. Sincerity, positive attention and responsibility are the roots of love. LIBRA | Sep 23 - Oct 22 You should always have a lot of respect for yourself. This should be your gift to yourself everyday. One way to maintain self-respect is to not tolerate injustice and unfair treatment from others. Praising a woman before marriage is a manner of inclination. But praising after you marry is a matter of peace, necessity and a good life. In marriage the little things are actually big things. SCORPIO | Oct 23 - Nov 21 Have a deep and unshakeable faith in social rules to cultivate a reciprocal relationship which is the essence of a social foundation. Every action, good or bad, is always followed by an equal reaction. Move forward into the adventure of life today with inspiration and enthusiasm. You can expect to feel satised and pleased on your path to spirituality. SAGITTARIUS | Nov 22 - Dec 21 All events in your life, good or bad, are governed by thoughts and decisions. Try to adjust yourself to what is and try not to adjust everything to your desires. Enjoy what is beautiful and love and behave positively towards those you love and love you. Today should always be your most wonderful day in making your life great. Manifest your loyalty in a word or deed to make everything loved. CAPRICORN | Dec 22 - Jan 19 Practice entertaining quiet thoughts. Do not entertain excited thoughts, angry thoughts or nervous thoughts. Do not forget the rudimentary fact that there are some people and things you just have to get along with. The secret of getting anything done is to act immediately according to your given chances. Life is queer with its twists and turns, except for love affairs.

MANNY MAUNG manny.maung@gmail.com HE men and the women have been separated into two large rooms. They sit, patient and calm, waiting for someone to attend to them. Many of them are elderly. Some of them have one eye covered in bandages, others both. They are a handful of the 1242 patients who regained their sight last month at the Yangon Eye Hospital, having had their cataracts removed after what has been, for many of them, years of blindness. And they are about to see for themselves the difference a new and revolutionary surgical procedure has made. I had my eye operated on yesterday, said 63-year-old Daw Myint Oo, a few moments after the bandage was removed from her right eye. And already, I can see. I can see you! Myanmar has one of the highest rates of blindness in the world 8.1

Strengthen your instinctive powers to advance ideas that are supportive of social causes, and to make effective, social reforms. Seek answers to the big questions in life. You must be action-oriented and self-directed to accomplish things for the beauty of other human beings. You will feel fullled with your lover and can expect a steady dose of affection and warmth. PISCES | Feb 19 - March 20 Learn to ow naturally from gathering facts to making keen observations, paying attention to overriding connections of the larger issues. Urge yourself to be careful, take your time, think it through things, do it right and be alert to the consequences of your actions. Start a social challenge to reform yourself and rene your experiences. Love is the real foundation needed to make your own world. ARIES | Mar 21 - Apr 19 Examine your part in the situation honestly. You can upgrade yourself from undesirable to a more evolved expression of yourself. Believe that being loved depends on giving service and therefore never insist that others grow up. Start to enjoy having an impact on the world and having your work valued. You should play the friend-in-need anywhere your heart is touched and you can expect healthier new friends in your life. TAURUS | Apr 20 - May 20 Gather the necessary momentum to be less royal in your behavior. Try to recongure your life by experimenting with possibility and reinventing yourself. Learn stimulating new ideas through social exchanges and the constant ow of new people. New contacts and connections will pay off handsomely in business. Theres a burst of support, a run of luck perhaps, but your real motivation can change things for the better. GEMINI | May 21 - June 20 Make great efforts to improve your self-esteem and worthiness to tackle challenges. You are sure to get Jupiters windfall of spiritual power, but you must be able to tolerate and let yourself feel free from social disappointments. You have to start a daily practice to develop insight and to discover an endless source of psychological wisdom. Love will be in good favour. CANCER | Jun 21 - Jul 22 You are going to experience a test of your courage. Teach yourself that where you are in your life cycle has much to do with how you have responded to new challenges. Your balanced approach should include a range of manifestations from the best to the more difcult. You should consider the possibility that you might experience a fall in a relationship.

Nepalese eye surgeon, Dr Sanduk Ruit, leads an international team in performing hundreds of non-invasive cataract surgeries in Yangon in October. Photo: Boothee

Daw Myint Oo regained sight in her eye just one day after surgery. Photo: Boothee

percent in rural areas, with cataracts to blame for 60pc of lost sight. Those who suffer most are the elderly, as their eyes degenerate over the years. But eye surgeon Dr Sanduk Ruit says cataracts are an easily treatable condition and now more so than ever, thanks to a less invasive surgical technique that reduces the time needed for treatment and recovery. Considered one of the most progressive eye surgeons in Asia, Dr Ruit who is medical director of Nepals Tilganga Institute of Ophthalmology has pioneered a unique method whereby cataracts can be removed in

Patients are attended to prior to having their cataracts removed at the Yangon Eye hospital Photo: Boothee

Two patients wait outside the operating room for their turns in having cataracts removed from their eyes. Photo: Boothee

just under 10 minutes. The most important thing about this surgery is that in such a short time, you can make a difference to the lives of so many people, Dr Ruit said. Its a very powerful thing. Small incision cataract surgery needs no stitches; Dr Ruit and his team are able to treat as many as 100 patients a day. Im here being supported mostly by the Fred Hollows Foundation and many other NGOs who have similar plans to help reduce treatable blindness. But our main plans are to continue to deliver training programs that are needed, he said in between surgeries. The late Dr Hollows, an eye surgeon, met Dr Ruit in Nepal in the 1980s and the pair became close friends and collaborators. The foundation helped establish and continues to support the Tilganga Institute of Ophthalmology. It also plans a further two cataract surgery camps in Myanmar next year. Asked how well he thought the operations had been received so far, Dr Ruit said the results were on par with those from other parts of the developing world where similar initiatives had taken place. The rst post-op results are very good. Weve had no complications and no patients will need re-surgery. This will be one of the landmark results in Myanmar. But he said it was imperative that the training programs continue to receive non-obstructive passage from the Ministry of Health. He said the biggest challenge in a country like Myanmar is being able to provide adequate training for support staff and the right education at the community level. Coming from Nepal, I understand the issues of developing countries very well, Dr Ruit said. So, I can understand what is needed here in Myanmar and its a wonderful opportunity for the Ministry of Health to take the approach that were offering that we have successfully implemented in Nepal. It can work very well. Daw Myint Oo attests to the impact of the program on people from rural regions. She said she could now help her family instead of feeling like a burden, and could once again take part in family life rather than sitting on the sidelines. Please let them know how grateful I am to everyone, she said. The people who helped me get here, the people who donated so that I could have this surgery for free and also the people who have helped handle everything here at the hospital. Im so happy.

AUNG MYIN KYAW 4th Floor, 113, Thamain Bayan Road, Tarmwe township, Yangon. Tel: 09-731-35632, Email: williameaste@gmail.com

The Essentials
EMBASSIES Australia 88, Strand Road, Yangon. Tel : 251810, 251797, 251798. Bangladesh 11-B, Than Lwin Road, Yangon. Tel: 515275, 526144, email: bdootygn@ mptmail.net.mm Brazil 56, Pyay Road, 6th mile, Hlaing Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 507225, 507251. email: Administ. yangon@itamaraty.gov.br. Brunei 17, Kanbawza Avenue, Golden Velly (1), Bahan Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 566985, 503978. email: bruneiemb@ bruneiemb.com.mm Cambodia 25 (3B/4B), New University Avenue Road, Bahan Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 549609, 540964. email: RECYANGON @ mptmail.net.mm China 1, Pyidaungsu Yeiktha Road, Yangon. Tel: 221280, 221281. Danmark, No.7, Pyi Thu St, Pyay Rd, 7 Miles, Mayangone Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 01 9669520 - 17. Egypt 81, Pyidaungsu Yeiktha Road, Yangon. Tel: 222886, 222887, Egyptembassy86@ gmail.com France 102, Pyidaungsu Yeiktha Road, Yangon. Tel: 212178, 212520, email: ambaf rance. rangoun@ diplomatie.fr Germany 9, Bogyoke Aung San Museum Road, Bahan Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 548951, 548952, email: info@rangun. diplo.de India 545-547, Merchant St, Yangon. Tel: 391219, 388412, email: indiaembassy @ mptmail.net.mm Indonesia 100, Pyidaungsu Yeiktha Rd, Yangon. Tel: 254465, 254469, 229750, fax: 254468, email: kukygn @ indonesia.com.mm Israel 15, Khabaung Street, Hlaing Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 515115, fax: 515116, email: info@ yangon.mfa.gov.il Italy 3, Inya Myaing Road, Golden Valley, Yangon. Tel: 527100, 527101, fax: 514565, email: ambyang. mail@ esteri.it Japan 100, Natmauk Rd, Yangon. Tel: 549644-8, 540399, 540400, 540411, 545988, fax: 549643 Embassy of the State of Kuwait Chatrium Hotel, Rm: 416, 418, 420, 422, 40 Natmauk Rd, Tarmwe Tsp, Tel: 544500. North Korea 77C, Shin Saw Pu Rd, Sanchaung Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 512642, 510205 South Korea 97 University Avenue, Bahan Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 5271424, 515190, fax: 513286, email: myanmar@mofat. go.kr Lao A-1, Diplomatic Quarters, Tawwin Road, Dagon Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 222482, fax: 227446, email: Laoembcab@ mptmail. net.mm Malaysia 82, Pyidaungsu Yeiktha Road, Yangon. Tel: 220248, 220249, email: mwkyangon@ mptmail.net.mm Nepal 16, Natmauk Yeiktha, Yangon. Tel: 545880, 557168, fax: 549803, email: nepemb @mptmail.net.mm Norway, No.7, Pyi Thu St, Pyay Rd, 7 Miles, Mayangone Tsp,Yangon. Tel: 01 9669520 - 17 Fax 01- 9669516 New Zealand No. 43/C, Inya Myaing Rd, Bahan Tsp, Yangon. Tel : 01-2305805 Netherlands Diplomatic Mission No. 43/C, Inya Myaing Rd, Bahan Tsp, Yangon. Tel : 01-2305805 Pakistan A-4, diplomatic Quarters, Pyay Rd, Yangon. Tel: 222881 (Chancery Exchange) Philippines 50, Sayasan Rd, Bahan Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 558149-151,Email: p.e. yangon@gmail.com Russian 38, Sagawa Rd, Yangon. Tel: 241955, 254161, Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia No.287/289, U Wisara Rd, Sanchaung. Tel : 01-536153, 516952. Serbia No. 114-A, Inya Rd, P.O.Box No. 943, Yangon. Tel: 515282, 515283, email: serbemb @ yangon.net.mm Singapore 238, Dhamazedi Road, Bahan Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 559001, email: singemb_ ygn@_ sgmfa. gov.sg Sri Lanka 34 Taw Win Road, Yangon. Tel: 222812, The Embassy of Switzerland No 11, Kabaung Lane, 5 mile, Pyay Rd, Hlaing Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 534754, 512873, 507089. Fax: 534754, Ext: 110 Thailand 94 Pyay Rd, Dagon Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 226721, 226728, 226824 Turkish Embassy 19AB, Kan Yeik Thar St, Mayangone Tsp,Yangon. Tel : 662992, Fax : 661365 United Kingdom 80 Strand Rd, Yangon. Tel: 370867, 380322, 371852, 371853, 256438, United States of America 110, University Avenue, Kamayut Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 536509, 535756, Fax: 650306 Vietnam Bldg-72, Thanlwin Rd, Bahan Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 511305 UNITED NATIONS ILO Liaison 1-A, Kanbae (Thitsar Rd), Yankin Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel : 01-566538, 566539 IOM 12th Flr, Traders Hotel, 223, Tel: 252560 ext. 5002 UNAIDS 137/1, Thaw Wun Rd, Kamayut Tsp. Tel : 534498, 504832 UNDCP 11-A, Malikha St, Mayangone tsp. Tel: 666903, 664539. UNDP 6, Natmauk Rd, Bahan tel: 542910-19. fax: 292739. UNFPA 6, Natmauk Rd, Bahan tsp. tel: 546029. UNHCR 287, Pyay Rd, Sanchaung tsp. Tel: 524022, 524024. UNIAP Rm: 1202, 12 Fl, Traders Hotel. Tel: 254852, 254853. UNIC 6, Natmauk St., Bahan, tel: 52910~19 UNICEF 14~15 Flr, Traders Hotel. P.O. Box 1435, Kyauktada. Tel: 375527~32, Email: unicef.yangon@unicef. org, www.unicef.org/myanmar. UNODC 11-A, Malikha Rd., Ward 7, Mayangone. tel: 01-9666903, 9660556, 9660538, 9660398. email: fo.myanmar@unodc.org UNOPS Inya Lake Hotel, 3rd oor, 37, Kaba Aye Pagoda Rd, Mayangone Tsp. Tel: 951657281~7. Fax: 657279. UNRC 6, Natmauk Rd, P.O. Box 650, TMWE Tel: 542911~19, 292637 (Resident Coordinator), WFP 3rd-r, Inya Lake Hotel, 37, Kabar Aye Pagoda Rd. Tel: 657011~6 (6-lines) Ext: 2000. WHO No. 2, Pyay Rd, 7 Mile, Mayangone Tsp, Tel : 6504056, 650416, 654386-90. ASEAN Coordinating Of. for the ASEAN Humanitarian Task Force, 79, Taw Win st, Dagon Tsp. Tel: 225258. FAO Myanma Agriculture Service Insein Rd, Insein. tel: 641672, 641673. fax: 641561.

General Listing
Hotel Yangon 91/93, 8th Mile Junction, Tel : 01-667708, 667688. Inya Lake Resort Hotel 37 Kabar Aye Pagoda Rd. tel: 662866. fax: 665537. Golden Hill Towers 24-26, Kabar Aye Pagoda Rd, Bahan Tsp. tel: 558556. ghtower@ mptmail.net.mm. Marina Residence 8, Kabar Aye Pagoda Rd, Mayangone Tsp. tel: 6506 51~4. fax: 650630.

YANGON No. 277, Bogyoke Aung San Road, Corner of 38th Street, Kyauktada Township, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel : (951) 391070, 391071. Reservation@391070 (Ext) 1910, 106. Fax : (951) 391375. Email : hotelasiaplaza@gmail.com

Asia Plaza Hotel

No. 205, Corner of Wadan Street & Min Ye Kyaw Swa Road, Lanmadaw Tsp, Yangon. Myanmar. Tel: (95-1) 212850 ~ 3, 229358 ~ 61, Fax: (95-1) 212854. info@myanmarpandahotel .com http://www. myanmarpandahotel.com PARKROYAL Yangon, Myanmar 33, Alan Pya Pagoda Rd, Dagon tsp. tel: 250388. fax: 252478. email: enquiry.prygn@ parkroyalhotels.com parkroyalhotels. com.

Avenue 64 Hotel No. 64 (G), Kyitewine Pagoda Rd, Mayangone Tsp, Yangon. Tel : 09-8631392, 01 656913-9 Chatrium Hotel 40 Natmauk Rd, Tarmwe. tel: 544500. fax: 544400.

17, Kabar Aye Pagoda Rd, Yankin Tsp. Tel: 650933. Fax: 650960. Email : micprm@ myanmar.com.mmwww. myanmar micasahotel.com


(Nay Pyi Taw)

No.7A, Wingabar Road, Bahan Tsp, Yangon. Tel : (951) 546313, 430245. 09-731-77781~4. Fax : (01) 546313. www.cloverhotel.asia. info@cloverhotel.asia Clover Hotel City Center No. 217, 32nd Street (Upper Block), Pabedan Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel : 377720, Fax : 377722 www.clovercitycenter.asia Clover Hotel City Center Plus No. 229, 32nd Street (Upper Block), Pabedan Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel : 377975, Fax : 377974

Royal White Elephant Hotel No-11, Kan Street, Hlaing Tsp. Yangon, Myanmar. (+95-1) 500822, 503986. www.rwehotel.com MGM Hotel No (160), Warden Street, Lanmadaw Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar. +95-1-212454~9. www. hotel-mgm.com Savoy Hotel 129, Damazedi Rd, Kamayut tsp. tel: 526289, 526298, Sedona Hotel Kabar Aye Pagoda Rd, Yankin. tel: 666900. Strand Hotel 92 Strand Rd. tel: 243377. fax: 289880. Summit Parkview Hotel 350, Ahlone Rd, Dagon Tsp. tel: 211888, 211966. Traders Hotel 223 Sule Pagoda Rd. tel: 242828. fax: 242838. Winner Inn 42, Than Lwin Rd, Bahan Tsp. Tel: 503734, 524387. email: reservation@winner innmyanmar.com Windsor Hotel No.31, Shin Saw Pu Street, Sanchaung. Yangon, Myanmar. Ph: 95-1-511216~8, www. hotelwindsoryangon.com Yuzana Hotel 130, Shwegondaing Rd, Bahan Tsp, tel : 01-549600 Yuzana Garden Hotel 44, Alanpya Pagoda Rd, Mingalar Taung Nyunt Tsp, tel : 01-248944

Reservation Ofce (Yangon) 123, Alanpya Pagoda Rd, Dagon Township Tel : 951- 255 819~838 Royal Kumudra Hotel, (Nay Pyi Taw) Tel : 067- 414 177, 067- 4141 88 E-Mail: reservation@ maxhotelsgroup.com


Confort Inn 4, Shweli Rd, Bet: Inya Rd & U Wisara Rd, Kamaryut, tel: 525781, 526872

Reservation Ofce (Yangon) 123, Alanpya Pagoda Rd, Dagon Township. Tel : 951-255 819-838 Hotel Max (Chaung Tha Beach) Tel : 042-423 46-9, 042-421 33. Email : maxhotelsreservation@ gmail.com


For more information about these listings, Please Contact - classied@myanmartimes.com.mm

Emergency Numbers
Ambulance tel: 295133. Fire tel: 191, 252011, 252022. Police emergency tel: 199. Police headquarters tel: 282541, 284764. Red Cross tel:682600, 682368 Trafc Control Branch tel:298651 Department of Post & Telecommunication tel: 591384, 591387. Immigration tel: 286434. Ministry of Education tel:545500m 562390 Ministry of Sports tel: 370604, 370605 Ministry of Communications tel: 067-407037. Myanma Post & Telecommunication (MPT) tel: 067407007. Myanma Post & Tele-communication (Accountant Dept) tel: 254563, 370768. Ministry of Foreign Affairs tel: 067-412009, 067-412344. Ministry of Health tel: 067-411358-9. Yangon City Development Committee tel: 248112. HOSPITALS Central Womens Hospital tel: 221013, 222811. Children Hospital tel: 221421, 222807 Ear, Nose & Throat Hospital tel: 543888. Naypyitaw Hospital (emergency) tel: 420096. Workers Hospital tel: 554444, 554455, 554811. Yangon Children Hospital tel: 222807, 222808, 222809. Yangon General Hospital (East) tel: 292835, 292836, 292837. Yangon General Hospital (New) tel: 384493, 384494, 384495, 379109. Yangon General Hospital (West) tel: 222860, 222861, 220416. Yangon General Hospital (YGH) tel: 256112, 256123, 281443, 256131. ELECTRICITY Power Station tel:414235 POST OFFICE General Post Ofce 39, Bo Aung Kyaw St. (near British Council Library). tel: 285499. INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT Yangon International Airport tel: 662811. YANGON PORT Shipping (Coastal vessels) tel: 382722 RAILWAYS Railways information tel: 274027, 202175-8.

No. (356/366), Kyaikkasan Rd, Tamwe Township, Yangon, Myanmar. Ph: 542826, Fax: 545650 Email: reservation@ edenpalacehotel.com

M-22, Shwe Htee Housing, Thamine Station St., Near the Bayint Naung Point, Mayangone Tsp., Yangon Tel : 522763, 522744, 667557. Fax : (95-1) 652174 E-mail : grandpalace@ myanmar.com.mm


The First Air conditioning systems designed to keep you fresh all day Zeya & Associates Co., Ltd. No.437 (A), Pyay Road, Kamayut. P., O 11041 Yangon, Tel: +(95-1) 502016-18, Mandalay- Tel: 02-60933. Nay Pyi Taw- Tel: 067-420778, E-mail : sales.ac@freshaircon. com. URL: http://www. freshaircon.com

No. 12, Pho Sein Road, Tamwe Township, Yangon Tel : (95-1) 209299, 209300, 209343, 209345, 209346 Fax : (95-1) 209344 E-mail : greenhill@ myanmar.com.mm


Air Con Sales & Service No. 2/1, Than Thu Mar Rd, Thuwunna Junction. Tel : 09-4224-64130

Tel: 09-7349-4483, 09-4200-56994. E-mail: aahappyhomes@ gmail.com, http://www. happyhomesyangon.com

50th Street 9/13, 50th street-lower, Botataung Tsp. Tel-397160.

Yangon : A-3, Aung San Stadium (North East Wing), Mingalartaungnyunt Tsp. Tel : 245543, 09-73903736, 09-73037772. Mandalay : No.(4) 73rd St, Btw 30th & 31st St, Chan Aye Thar Zan Tsp. Tel : 096803505, 09-449004631.

Green Garden Beer Gallery Mini Zoo, Karaweik Oo-Yin Kabar.

Marina Residence, Yangon Ph: 650651~4, Ext: 109 Beauty Plan, Corner of 77th St & 31st St, Mandalay Ph: 02 72506

Myanmar Research | Consulting | Technology

Shwe Hinthar B 307, 6 1/2 Miles, Pyay Rd., Yangon. Tel: +95 (0)1 654 730 info@thuraswiss.com www.thuraswiss.com

No. (6), Lane 2 Botahtaung Pagoda St, Yangon. 01-9010003, 291897. info@venturaofce.com, www.venturaofce.com

One-stop Solution for Sub-station, M&E Work Design, Supply and Install (Hotel, High Rise Building Factory) 193/197, Shu Khin Thar Street, North Okkalapa Industrial Zone, Yangon. Tel: 951-691843~5, 9519690297, Fax: 951-691700 Email: supermega97@ gmail.com. www.supermega-engg.com

Lobby Bar Parkroyal Yangon, Myanmar. 33, Alan Pya Phaya Road, Dagon Tsp. tel: 250388.

caR RENtaL
Lemon Day Spa No. 96 F, Inya Road, Kamaryut Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 514848, 09-732-08476. E.mail: lemondayspa.2011 @gmail.com



One Stop ENT Center No. (68), Tawwin Street, 9 Mile, Mayangone Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel : (951) 9 666141 Fax : (951) 9 666135 Email : info@witoriyahospital.com Website : www.witoriyahosptial.com

HOT LINE: 959 - 402 510 003 First Class VIP Limousine Car Rental. Professional English Speaking Drivers. Full Insurance for your Safety and comfortable journey Call us Now for your best choice www.mmels.com Zamil Steel No-5, Pyay Road, 7 miles, Mayangone Tsp, Yangon. Tel: (95-1) 652502~04. Fax: (95-1) 650306. Email: zamilsteel@ zamilsteel.com.mm


Strand Bar 92, Strand Rd, Yangon, Myanmar. tel: 243377.fax: 243393, sales@thestrand.com.mm www.ghmhotels.com


No. 52, Royal Yaw Min Gyi Condo, Room F, Yaw Min Gyi Rd, Dagon Township, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel: 09-425-307-717

Get the Best Pure Natural Gemstones and Jewellery No. 44, Inya Road, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel : 01-2305811, 2305812. email : info@bestjewels myanmar.com, Bestjewelsmyanmar.com

24 hours Cancer centre No. (68), Tawwin Street, 9 Mile, Mayangone Township, Yangon. Tel : (951) 9 666141 Fax : (951) 9 666135

DTDC Courier and Cargo Service (Since 1991) Yangon. Tel : 01-374457 Mandalay. Tel : 09-43134095. www.DTDC.COM, dtdcyangon@gmail.com Door to Door Delivery!!!

Balance Fitnesss No 64 (G), Kyitewine Pagoda Road, Mayangone Township. Yangon 01-656916, 09 8631392 Email - info@ balancetnessyangon.com Ruby & Rare Gems of Myanamar No. 527, New University Ave., Bahan Tsp. Yangon.

M A R K E T I N G & C O mm U N I C A T I O N S


SAIL Marketing & Communications Suite 403, Danathiha Center 790, Corner of Bogyoke Rd & Wadan Rd, Lanmadaw Township, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel: (951) 211870, 224820, 2301195. Email: admin@ advertising-myanmar.com www.advertising-myanmar. com

Spa Paragon Condo B#Rm-106, Shwe Hinthar Condo, Corner of Pyay Rd & Shwe Hinthar St, 6Mile, Yangon. Tel: 01-507344 Ext: 112, 09-680-8488, 09-526-1642.

Car Rental Service No. 56, Bo Ywe St, Latha Tsp, Yangon. Tel : 01-246551, 375283, 09-2132778, 09-31119195. Gmail:nyanmyintthu1983@ gmail.com,

24 hours Laboratory & X-ray No. (68), Tawwin Street, 9 Mile, Mayangone Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel : (951) 9 666141 Fax : (951) 9 666135



cOffEE MachINE

Life Fitness Bldg A1, Rm No. 001, Shwekabar Housing, Mindhamma Rd, Mayangone Tsp. Yangon. Ph: 01-656511, Fax: 01-656522, Hot line: 0973194684, natraysports@gmail.com

sales@manawmaya.com.mm www.manawmayagems.com

Tel: 549612, Fax : 545770.


150 Dhamazedi Rd., Bahan Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 536306, 537805. Email : yangon@ monument-books.com 15(B), Departure Lounge, Yangon Intl Airport. #87/2, Crn of 26th & 27th St, 77th St,Chan Aye Thar Zan Tsp, Mandalay. Tel : (02) 24880. MYANMARBOOKCENTRE Nandawun Compound, No. 55, Baho Road, Corner of Baho Road and Ahlone Road, (near Eugenia Restaurant), Ahlone Township. tel: 212 409, 221 271. 214708 fax: 524580. email:info@ myanmarbook.com

illy, Francis Francis, VBM, Brasilia, Rossi, De Longhi Nwe Ta Pin Trading Co., Ltd. Shop C, Building 459 B New University Avenue 01- 555-879, 09-4210-81705 nwetapintrading@gmail.com

Duty Free Shops Yangon International Airport, Arrival/Departure Tel: 533030 (Ext: 206/155) Ofce: 17, 2nd street, Hlaing Yadanarmon Housing, Hlaing Township, Yangon. Tel: 500143, 500144, 500145. No. 20, Ground Floor, Pearl Street, Golden Valley Ward, Bahan Township, Yangon. Tel : 09-509 7057, 01220881, 549478 (Ext : 103) Email : realtnessmyanmar @gmail.com

La Source Beauty Spa (Ygn) 80-A, Inya Rd, Kamayut Tsp. Tel: 512380, 511252 La Source Beauty Spa (Mdy) No. 13/13, Mya Sandar St, Between 26 x 27 & 62 & 63 St, Chanaye Tharzan Tsp,In ning Mandalay. Ope gust Tel : 09-4440-24496. Au La Source Beauty Spa Sedona Hotel, Room (1004) Tel : 666 900 Ext : (7167) LS Saloon Junction Square, 3rd Floor. Tel : 95-1-527242, Ext : 4001 www.lasourcebeautyspa.com

n oo !! ns ns Mo otio m o Pr



The Lady Gems & Jewellery No. 7, Inya Rd, Kamayut Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel : 01-2305800, 09-8315555 The Lady Gems & Silk Co operative Business Centre, Room No (32/41), New University Avenue Rd, Bahan Tsp, Yangon. Tel : 09-5200726 theladygems@gmail.com www.thelady-gems.com Your Most Reliable Jeweller

24 Hour International Medical Centre @ Victoria Hospital No. 68, Tawwin Rd, 9 Mile, Mayangon Township, Yangon, Myanmar Tel: + 951 651 238, + 959 495 85 955 Fax: + 959 651 398 24/7 on duty doctor: + 959 492 18 410 Website: www.leo.com.mm One Stop Solution for Quality Health Care

International Calling Card No.004, Building (B), Ground Floor, Yuzana St, Highway Complex Housing, Kamayut Township, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel : 01-230-4379, 09-731-74871~2 Email : info@vmg.com. mm www.vmgtelecoms.com, www.ytalk.com.mm
Dance Club & Bar No.94, Ground Floor, Bogalay Zay Street, Botataung Tsp, Yangon.Tel: 392625, 09-500-3591 Email : danceclub. hola@gmail.com
(Except Sunday)

FloralService&GiftShop No. 449, New University Avenue, Bahan Tsp. YGN. Tel: 541217, 559011, 09-860-2292. Market Place By City Mart Tel: 523840~43, 523845~46, Ext: 205. Junction Nay Pyi Taw Tel: 067-421617~18 422012~15, Ext: 235. Res: 067-414813, 09-49209039. Email : eternal@ mptmail.net.mm

The Natural Gems of Myanmar & Fine Jewellery. No. 30(A), Pyay Road, (7 mile), Mayangone Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel : 01-660397, 354398-9 E-mail : spgmes.myanmar @gmail.com

No. (68), Tawwin Street, 9 Mile, Mayangone Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel : (951) 9 666141 Fax : (951) 9 666135 Email : info@witoriyahospital.com Website : www.witoriyahosptial.com



22, Pyay Rd, 9 mile, Mayangone Tsp. tel: 660769, 664363.

Floral Service & Gift Centre 102(A), Dhamazaydi Rd, Yangon.tel: 500142 Summit Parkview Hotel, tel: 211888, 211966 ext. 173 fax: 535376.email: sandy@ sandymyanmar.com.mm.

No. 589-592, Bo Aung Kyaw St, Yangon-Pathein highway Road. Hlaing Tharyar tsp. Tel: 951645178-182, 685199, Fax: 951-645211, 545278. e-mail: mkt-mti@ winstrategic.com.mm

Bldg-D, Rm (G-12), Pearl Condo, Ground Flr, Kabaraye Pagoda Rd, Bahan Tsp. Tel: 557448. Ext 814, 09-730-98872.


European Quality & Designs Indoor/ Outdoor Furniture, Hotel Furniture & All kinds of woodworks No. 422, FJVC Centre, Ground Floor, Room No. 4, Strand Road, Botahtaung Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel: 01-202063-4, 09 509-1673 E-mail: contact@ smartdesignstrading.com www.royalbotania.com, www.alexander-rose.co.uk

Foam Spray Insulation No-410, Ground Fl,Lower Pazuntaung Rd, Pazun taung Tsp, Yangon.Telefax : 01-203743, 09-5007681. Hot Line-09-730-30825.

International Construction Material Co., Ltd. No. 60, Sint-Oh-Dan St, Lower Block, Latha Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel : 01-2410292, 243551, 09-431-83689, 09-448033905.



Worlds leader in Kitchen Hoods & Hobs Same as Ariston Water Heater. Tel: 251033, 379671, 256622, 647813

98(A), Kaba Aye Pagoda S.B. FURNITURE Road, Bahan Township, Yangon. Tel: 553783, 549152, 09-732-16940, 09-730-56079. Fax: 542979 Email: asiapacic. myanmar@gmail.com.


No-001-002, Dagon Tower, Ground Flr, Cor of Kabaraye Pagoda Rd & Shwe Gon Dine Rd, Bahan Tsp. Tel: 544480, 09-730-98872.


Monsoon Restaurant & Bar 85/87, Thein Byu Road, Botahtaung Tsp. Tel: 295224, 09-501 5653.



EXPATRIATE HEALTH INSURANCE Tel: (09) 40 15 300 73 myanmar.health@poema.com

Bld-A2, Gr-Fl, Shwe Gabar Housing, Mindama Rd, Mayangone Tsp, Yangon. email: eko-nr@ myanmar.com.mm Ph: 652391, 09-73108896

Sai Khung Noung Real Estate Co., Ltd. Tel : 541501, 551197, 400781, 09-73176988 Email : saikhungnoung 1995@gmail.com. www.saikhungnoung.com

No.430(A), Corner of Dhamazedi Rd & Golden Valley Rd, Building(2) Market Place (City Mart), Bahan Tsp, Yangon. Tel : 01-523840(Ext-309), 09-73208079.

Horizon Intl School 25, Po Sein Road, Bahan Tsp, tel : 541085, 551795, 551796, 450396~7. fax : 543926, email : contact@horizonmyanmar. com, www.horizon.com

The Global leader in Water Heaters A/1, Aung San Stadium East Wing, Upper Pansodan Road. Tel: 01-256705, 399464, 394409, 647812.

Ocean Center (North Point), Ground Floor, Tel : 09-731-83900 01-8600056

RISK & INSURANCE SOLUTIONS Tel: (09) 40 15 300 73 robert.b@poe-ma.com


Open Daily (9am to 6pm) No. 797, MAC Tower II, Rm -4, Ground Flr, Bogyoke Aung San Rd, Lamadaw Tsp, Yangon. Tel: (951) 212944 Ext: 303 sales.centuremyanmar@ gmail.com www.centure.in.th

Top Marine Show Room No-385, Ground Floor, Lower Pazundaung Road, Pazundaung Tsp, Yangon. Ph: 01-202782, 09-851-5597

Legendary Myanmar Intl Shipping & Logistics Co., Ltd. No-9, Rm (A-4), 3rd Flr, Kyaung St, Myaynigone, Sanchaung Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 516827, 523653, 516795. Mobile. 09-512-3049. Email: legandarymyr@ mptmail.net .mm www.LMSL-shipping.com

Quality Chinese Dishes with Resonable Price @Marketplace by City Mart. Tel: 01-523840 Ext.109

Yangon Intl School Fully Accredited K-12 International Curriculum with ESL support No.117,Thumingalar Housing, Thingangyun, Tel: 578171, 573149, 687701, 687702.

Made in Japan Same as Rinnai Gas Cooker and Cooker Hood Showroom Address

Water Heater


Heaven Pizza 38/40, Bo Yar Nyunt St. Yaw Min Gyi Quarter, Dagon Township. Tel: 09-855-1383

Delicious Hong Kong Style Food Restaurant G-09, City Mart (Myay Ni Gone Center). Tel: 01-508467-70 Ext: 114 Indian Fine Dining & Bar Bldg No. 12, Yangon Intl Compound, Ahlone Road. Tel: 01-2302069, 09-43185008, 09-731-60662. The Ritz Exclusive Lounge Chatrium Hotel Royal Lake Yangon. 40, Natmauk Rd, Tamwe Tsp, Ground Floor, Tel: 544500 Ext 6243, 6244 sales@corrianderleaf.com

International Construction Material Co., Ltd. No. 60, Sint-Oh-Dan St, Lower Block, Latha Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel : 01-2410292, 243551, 09-431-83689, 09-448033905.


Bldg-A2, G-Flr, Shwe Gabar Housing, Mindama Rd, Mayangone Tsp, Yangon. email: eko-nr@ myanmar.com.mm Ph: 652391, 09-73108896

Executive Serviced Ofces


Tel : 01-4413410

Media & Advertising All the way from Australia. Design for advertisement is not easy, reaching to target audience is even harder? We are equipped with great ideas and partners in Myanmar to create corporate logo, business photography, stationery design, mobile advertisement on public transport and billboard/ magazine ads. Talk to us: (01) 430-897, (0) 942-0004554. www.medialane. com.au U Min Sein, BSc, RA, CPA.,RL Advocate of the Supreme Court 83/14 Pansodan St, Yangon. tel: 253 273. uminsein@mptmail.net.mm

Relocation Specialist Rm 504, M.M.G Tower, #44/56, Kannar Rd, Botahtaung Tsp. Tel: 250290, 252313. Mail : info@asiantigersmyanmar.com

Fully Scoped Services Convenient Location Superb facility Reasonable price 1km from Sakura Tower Tel : 95-1-374851

World famous Kobe Beef Near Thuka Kabar Hospital on Pyay Rd, Marlar st, Hlaing Tsp. Tel: +95-1-535072 Kohaku Japanese Restaurant Chatrium Hotel Royal Lake Yangon 40, Natmauk Road, Tamwe Tsp, Lobby Level, Tel: 544500 Ext 6231

Company Limited


Water Treatement Solution Block (A), Room (G-12), Pearl Condo, Kabar Aye Pagoda Rd, Bahan Tsp. Hot Line : 09-4500-59000


Worlds No.1 Paints & Coatings Company

Moby Dick Tours Co., Ltd. Islands Safari in the Mergui Archipelago 5 Days, 7 Days, 9 Days Trips Tel: 95 1 202063, 202064 E-mail: info@islandsafari mergui.com. Website: www. islandsafarimergui.com

Crown Worldwide Movers Ltd 790, Rm 702, 7th Flr Danathiha Centre, Bogyoke Aung San Rd, Lanmadaw. Tel: 223288, 210 670, 227650. ext: 702. Fax: 229212. email: crown worldwide@mptmail.net.mm

The Emporia Restaurant Chatrium Hotel Royal Lake Yangon 40, Natmauk Road, Tamwe Tsp. Lobby Level, Tel: 544500 Ext 6294

Email : info@jkmyanmar.com www.jkmyanmar.com (ENG) www.3ec.jp/mbic/ (JPN) Commercial scale water treatment (Since 1997) Tel: 01-218437~38. H/P: 09-5161431, 09-43126571. 39-B, Thazin Lane, Ahlone.

Enchanting and Romantic, a Bliss on the Lake 62 D, U Tun Nyein Road, Mayangon Tsp, Yangon Tel. 01 665 516, 660976 Mob. 09-730-30755 operayangon@gmail.com www.operayangon.com

Schenker (Thai) Ltd. Yangon 59 A, U Lun Maung Street. 7 Mile Pyay Road, MYGN. tel: 667686, 666646.fax: 651250. email: sche nker@mptmail.net.mm.

Sole Distributor For the Union of Myanmar Since 1995 Myanmar Golden Rock International Co.,Ltd. #06-01, Bldg (8), Myanmar ICT Park, University Hlaing Campus, Hlaing Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 654810~17.

Road to Mandalay Myanmar Hotels & Cruises Ltd. Governors Residence 39C, Taw Win Rd, Dagon Tsp, Yangon. Tel: (951) 229860 fax: (951) 217361. email: RTMYGN@mptmail.net.mm www.orient-express.com

1. WASABI:No.20-B, Kaba Aye Pagoda Rd, Yankin Tsp,(Near MiCasa), Tel; 09-4250-20667, 09-503-9139 Myaynigone (City Mart) Yankin Center (City Mart) UnionBarAndGrill 42 Strand Road, Botahtaung, Yangon. Tel: 95 9420 180 214, 95 9420 101 854 www.unionyangon.com, info@unionyangon.com

No. (6), Lane 2 Botahtaung Pagoda St, Yangon. 01-9010003, 291897. info@venturaofce.com, www.venturaofce.com


Web Services All the way from Australia. World-class websites, come with usability and responsiveness. Our works include website, web apps, e-commerce, forum, email campaign and online advertisement. Plus, were the authorised reseller for local and international domain names. So, put your worries aside and let us create the awesomeness you deserved online. (01) 430-897, (0) 942-0004554. www.medialane. com.au

Your Most Reliable & Friendly Real Estate Agency Tel : 09-7308848 01-242370, 394053

Bo Sun Pat Tower, Bldg 608, Rm 6(B), Cor of Merchant Rd & Bo Sun Pat St, PBDN Tsp. Tel: 377263, 250582, 250032, 09-511-7876, 09-862-4563.

22, Kaba Aye Pagoda Rd, Bahan Tsp. tel 541997. email: leplanteur@ mptmail.net.mm. http://leplanteur.net

Asian Trails Tour Ltd 73 Pyay Rd, Dagon tsp. tel: 211212, 223262. fax: 211670. email: res@ asiantrails.com.mm Shan Yoma Tours Co.,Ltd www.exploremyanmar.com


G-01, City Mart (Myay Ni Gone Center). Tel: 01-508467-70 Ext: 106 No. 5, U Tun Nyein Street, Mayangone T/S, Yangon. Tel : 01-660 612, 011 22 1014, 09 50 89 441 Email : lalchimiste. restaurant@gmail.com

Capital Hyper Mart 14(E), Min Nandar Road, Dawbon Tsp. Ph: 553136. City Mart (Aung San Branch) tel: 253022, 294765. City Mart (47th St Branch) tel: 200026, 298746. City Mart (Junction 8) tel: 650778. City Mart (FMI City Branch) tel: 682323. City Mart (Yankin Center Branch) tel: 400284. City Mart (Myaynigone Branch) tel: 510697. City Mart (Zawana Branch) tel:564532.

TOP MARINE PAINT No-410, Ground Floor, Lower Pazundaung Road, Pazundaung Tsp, Yangon. Ph: 09-851-5202

International Construction Material Co., Ltd. No. 60, Sint-Oh-Dan St, Lower Block, Latha Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel : 01-2410292, 243551, 09-431-83689, 09-448033905.

Real Estate Agent Agent fees is unnecessary Tel : 09 2050107, 09 448026156 robinsawnaing@gmail.com

Good taste & resonable price @Thamada Hotel Tel: 01-243047, 243639-41 Ext: 32

G-05, Marketplace by City Mart. Tel: 01-523840 Ext: 105


Real Estate Agency

Email : realwin2012@ gmail.com Tel : 09-732-02480, 09-501-8250

a drink from paradise... available on Earth @Yangon International Hotel, No.330, Ahlone Rd, Dagon Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 09-421040512

Singapore Cuisine Super One Super Market, Kyaikkasan Branch, No. 65, Lay Daung Kan Rd, Man Aung Qtr, Tamwe Tsp, Yangon. Tel : 01-542371, 09-501-9128

No. 372, Bogyoke Aung San Rd, Pabedan T/S, Yangon. Tel : 01-380 398, 01-256 355 (Ext : 3027) Email : zawgyihouse@ myanmar.com.mm

Get your Visa online for Business and Tourist No need to come to Embassy. #165. 35th Street, Kyauktada Tsp, Yangon. Tel: +951 381200, 204020 travel.evisa@gmail.com


Computer Education
LCCI, Level I, II & III, MYOB. Ph:09-520-0974 ENGLISH literature & language arts for middle school in touch with SAT.setting.plot. maintheme writing .All kinds of student can be learnt. U Thant Zin, 28,3 B, Thatipahtan St, Tamwe. Ph: 09-5035350,09-3102-1314. w w w. f a c e b o o k . c o m / shaping the way SPECIAL for Maths Algebra I&II, Geometry, Calculus Pre- University Level Tr.Kaung Myat: BE(PE) Ph:09-73142020. TEACHERS who have got Teaching experience in Singapore, Int'l School (primary & seconday levels) AEIS, PSLE, GCSE, SAT, IELTS, TOEFL, English-Myamar Speaking Class for company, Sayar Bryan, (ME) 09-4200-7 0692. "SCHOLAR Teaching Organization" founded with ME,BE & Master Degree holder with 12 years experience in teaching field. Role and Responsibility: Making the students develop problem solving skills, critical thinking skills and I.Q & E.Q enriching skills, Int'l School (ILBC, Total, MISY, ISY, PISM, Horizon, ISM, network, MIS, MLA, ES4E, DSY RV). All grades, All Subjects .....Singapore MOE Exams (AEIS, S-AEIS, IGCSE, IELTS, TOFEL..Tr.Daniel Caulin : 09-215-0075. Tr.Bryan :09-4200-70692. GIVE your child the best possible start to life at International Montessori Myanmar (English Education Center), Accredited by IMC Bangkok (Since 1991), Our Montessori curriculum includes: Practical Life Exercises, Sensorial Training. Language Development, Mathematics, Cultural Studies, Botany & Zoology, History, Creative Art, Music and Movement, Cooking, Physical Development, Social & Emotional Development, Learning through play, 55(B), Po Sein Rd, Bahan, Tel: 546097, 546761, Email: imm.myn@gmail.com EXPERIENCE SAT English teacher, who can come to home, needed for 2 International school students. Pls contact 09501-4443, Between 6:00 PM - 7:00 PM.

BY FAX : 01-254158 BY EMAIL : classied@myanmartimes.com.mm, advertising@myanmartimes.com.mm BY MAIL : 379/383, Bo Aung Kyaw St, Kyauktada Township, Yangon.


BUY SPACE ON THESE PAGES CALL: Khin Mon Mon Yi - 01-392676, 392928

practice can be asked,it is right to enjoy reading classic and persuaded writing ,critical thinking and world culture.If you are not the student of SAT study. you tried as much as you can to follow the lesson with skill you got good experienced for your .further study. Spanish language can be inquired. U Thant Zin : 09-503-5350 , 01-547442. 28/3B, Thadipahtan St, Tamwe. BZM English language center : I am willing to teach English grammar & speaking . Especially the person who cannot afford the fee. If you are the person who are willing to learn , who really want to spend the time effectively , who are enthusiastic & interested in learning English speaking then do not hesitate & come & learn at BZM language center . Free of charge. Do not miss the great opportunity. The class will be started on 25th November 2013. Exception :Only female, 15 years old and above, Mon, Tues & Wed - (3 days a week)1 to 3 pm, Teacher Zin Mar Myint, (Got TKT certificate from Cambridge, Gotcertificate from British council ) Rm 53, Bldg 25, Shwe Ohn Pin villa (new) Yankin. Ph: 09-4302-6789. LANGUAGE Proficiency: Effective & Scientific way. Tutor/ Translator/ Interpreter. (Such languages: Hindi/ Sanskrit/ Bengali/ Nepali/ English & Myanmar), R.S. Verma. B.Sc., (Bot), Yangon. (UFL-English), Yangon. Email: rsverma. myanmar@gmail.com, Ph: 09-730-42604. FOR FOREIGNERS Want to learn Myanmar speaking at your home? Contact : 09-517-9125 FRENCH .a small class for reading .writing. speaking and listening can be inquired. You can practice study or reading skill if you need. French language and civilization get more knowledge for further study. Colledge and University students also study for extra curriculum. Spanish can be in quired. U Thant Zin 28, 3-B, Thatipahtan St, Tamwe. Ph:09-5035350, 09-310-21314. w w w. f a c e b o o k . c o m / shaping the way

SOFTWARE (POS, Money Changer, Travel & Tour Booking), Cable & Wireless Networking Service (CPE, RT, AP), Hardware & Maintenance Service, Computer Training Service. Contact: 09- 730-75931, zinmyintzx@gmail.com

Expert Services
I N T E R P R E TAT I O N / Translation Service : For INGOs workshops; Power Points; Documents; Reports; Research Papers. Call: 09-4500-20560 A SEASONED account ing prefessional with more than 13 years of experience in various industries. Can provide below services in compliance with international accounting standards. (1)Financial statements preparation (profit & loss) (2) Financial statements/ performance analysis (3)Strategic planing (budgeting/forecasting) (4)Implementation of internal controls (5) Preparation for external auditor (6)Development standardized accounting procedures. Daw Thin Thin Aung, Accounting Consultant , Ph: 094200-90037. WE have Lands for sale suitable for making Industrial buildings in large area. Buyers can Contact Us on 09-450059037. (There is no pay for Agents & Third party ... Warmly welcome the buyers ) WE ARE the one of service Aera 51 group Real - Estate. Who want to buy, sell & rent for house, Condo & Industry zone. Contact ph: 01-293-314, 094037-04805. AIR POWER, M & E Engineering Services Pte, Ltd. (Air Con & Electrical - Installation & Services) : 124, Rm 4, Padamya St, Yenatha, Thuwunna. Ph: 01-709717, 570-086, 09-5014435.

SPECIAL FOR MATH : For Int'l (ILBC, ISY, ISM & YIS) metry, Algebra, Calculus. Tr.Kaung Myat : BE (PE) Guide & Leacturer. Ph:09731-42020. TEACHING English, English for Young Learners and High School Graduates. English for social, study, overseas travel and work. General English course. Qualified and experienced teacher. Using International Syllabuses. Available for small groups or Individuals. Ph: (01) 291679 , 09-2501-36695 WILLINGLY give a helping hand to those who are still difficult to answer ABE question papers of Business Management ( Graduate Diploma) for December exams. Pls contact: 094211-07662 GIVE your child the best possible start to life at Int'l Montessori Myanmar (English Education Center) Accredited by IMC Bangkok (Since 1991), Our Montessori curriculum includes: Practical life Exercises, Sensorial training, language development, Mathematics, Cultural studies, Botany & Zoology, History, Creative Art, Music and Movement, Cooking, Physical Development, Social & Emotional Development. Learning through play. 55(B), Po Sein Rd, Bahan, Yangon, Tel: 546097, 546761, Email: imm. myn@gmail.com FOR IGCSE (Edexcel & Campridge) & Secondary level Regular tuition classes Home tuition Exam preparation classes All subjects available Contact: 09508-8683.

SAMSUNG Galaxy S4 / S3 / S2 / Grand / Note 1, 2 HTC One / Butterfly Sony Z / SP / S / P. Ph : 09-3100-8866. IPHONE 5S/5/4/4S. Ph : 09-2540-04420 INTEL CORE i5 Ram 8GB H.D.D + SSD Display 13.3 1 Year 6 Month International Warranty. Price : 580,000. Ph : 09501-6694. MACBOOK Pro 13" Intel Core 2 Duo Ram 4GB H.D.D 750GB Mac OS 10.8.5 + Windown 7. Price : 599,000. Ph : 094200-50651. HTC One Silver Color With Original Accessories. Price : 490000. Ph : 093100-8866 99% NEW SAMSUNG Series 5 Ultra Book Intel Core i5 Ram 8GB H.D.D + SSD Display 13.3 1 Year 6 Month International Warranty. Price : 630000. Ph : 09-501-6694. TOYOTA IQ (2008) 2 Door, Push Start (keyless) Gold Silver colour. prices 135 Lakhs. Ph:09-3335-5535. HUAWEI P1 U9200 white 98%new ,price145000Ks, contact : 09514-7480. ALPHARD, Mark X, Mark II, Crown. Ph: 09-5188320. MARK II, Regalia (99mdl), 165 lakhs. Ph: 09-518-8320. WIMAX (Bagan). Ph: 0944-800-6520. USED Dell, Acer, ASUS Lenovo, & More Laptops Core i3, i5, i7. Ph : 094500-39844


BAHAN : A European Style fully furnished apartment at Pearl Condominium, 12th flr, 1700 sqft. Most modern interior decoration. Fully Air conditioned. Best for foreigners. Rent expected USD 2500 per month. Can also sell for USD 3,50,000. Call owner (English speaking 09508-2244) or (Myanmar speaking 09-735-67890)

Kyal Ta Khon Car Rental Service, Hi Ace, 9 seater, 14 seater, available, sight-seeing. outdoor, downtown, Ph: 09-4210-23916, 09-515-8919 THE ANY-WAYS Travel & Tours Co : 1225, Pinlon Rd, 35 Ward, North Dagon (Email :- anywaysmyanmar@ gmail.com) was established since early October, 2013. The foreign visitors (Tourists, Business or other purpose) are advised to contact us and enjoy our services, such as ticketing,hotel reservation, tour programming, holding seminars,car rental and etc. Welcome anyone contact to Ph : 09-5117890, 01-581878 ASIAN BLISS MYANMAR Car Rental Service. Ph:01-543-942, 09-519-1785, 09-73118957. PROFESSIONAL English Speaking Tour Car Driver Mr. SONNY Car Rental Service [Maw @ AUNG (Mya Mya Aung) Guide or English translator/ Interpreter ] !!! I can assist you as your best Tour Car Rental Service. Mr. Sonny: 09-4200-48040 VIRGIN LAND Tours :Visa Services, Worldwide Air Ticketing, Worldwide Hotel Reservation, All Kind Transportation Rental, Inbound & Outbound Tour Operator, Tour Guide Services , Ph: 01-8610252, 09512-3793, 09-520-2643 GREAT ESCAPE Travels & Tours Our services : (1).FIT tour & Group tour package, (2).Hotel reservation, Guide services, (3). Chinese to Mynamar to Chinese translation service (4).Car rental service (5).Visa Application. Contact person : Kelly Dong : 09-4301-8077 NYAN MYINT THU Car Rental Service : Ko Nyan Myint Win Kyi (MD) 56, Bo Ywe St, Latha, Yangon, Myanmar. Ph : 01-246551, 01-375284. ph:09-2132778. email: nyanmyintthu1983@ gmail.com, nmt@nyan myintthucarrental. com, colwinkyi@ gmail. com. Web:www. nyanmyintthucarrental. com

PREMIUM CONDO near Park Royal, Yaw Min Gyi, marble and hardwood floors, modern design, 1955 sqft, 4 bed, 2 master 3 bath, $ 4850/month. Email: jasonwongjp@ gmail.com Tel: 09-421102223 NEW CLASSIC STRAND 2800 sqft SOHO w/ mezzanine, 3rd floor corner unit riverview. 14 foot ceilings.Gym,sauna, internet lounge. $7650/ month. Strand Rd, near Hilton/Center Point, 5min to Union Bar/Strand Hotel. jasonwongjp@gmail. com, 09-4211-02223. PANSODAN BUSINESS TOWER On Pansodan Rd, prime downtown, 2500 sqft, 8th floor modern design office layout , cityview, $6250/month. Building generator, stable electricity, foreign owner. jasonwongjp@gmail. com, 09-4211-02223. A SPACIOUS Two Storey House on University Avenue Road for rent, conveniently located on the center of the road and near to Inya Road. 3 Living Rooms, 4 Bedrooms, 3 Bathrooms, 2 Guest Toilets, 1 Dining Room, an Indoor Kitchen plus an Outdoor Kitchen, a Well Maintained Garden, Freshly painted rooms with teak floors, For further inquires, call Mobiles: 09-25400-2213. (No Brokers Please) GOLDEN VALLEY - A luxury modern 3 storey fully furnished house in good quiet locality with a manicured manageable garden including pool for relaxing. 4 master bed rooms including 3 with walk in wardrobes, 6 A/C and 1 telephone line. No brokers, if interested contact 09-541-2499. PEARL Condominium for rent, Kabaaye Pagoda Rd, Building (C), good view, 1250 Sqft, 1MB, 1BR, 2AC, 2Heater, Fully furnish, 1800 USD. Room will be vacant on 20 Nov, 2013. Contact: 09-420112828, 09-4211-51862. MAYANGONE, (1).9 Mile, Mindama condo, 3000 Sqft, 2 MbR, 1 SR, fully furnish, 4500 USD, (2).8 Mile, Kabaraye villa, 2500 Sqft, 1 MBR, 2 SR, fully furnish, 3500 USD. (3)7 Mile, Shwe Hinthar

SHWE KYIN Slipper shop, Yangon. Ph: 01240966 ext 333, 09515-7156.

MYANMAR for Foreigners. Ph: 092501-50791. ENGLISH Grammar for all classes. Ph: 09-541384 MYANMAR Language Guide (For Embassy family & others) When you stay in Myanmar, do you want to ask to your children tolearnMyanmar language? Call: 09-514-6505(Christine) SAT score raising classic novels and short stories

condo, 3500 Sqft, 3 MBR, fully furnish, 4500 USD. (4) Near Sedona hotel, 800 Sqft , 1 MBR, 2 SR, (apartment ), fully furnish, 800 USD. Ph : 09-49214276. HTAUK KYANT. (at the junction of Hle Ku & Mhaw Be) : (1)Total 4 arcas land (price for 1 arca land is 2,000,000 per month) (2) 3 No. of warehouses (price for 1 warehouse is 500,000 per month). This place equipped with water, electricity (3 phase and single phases) and IDD phone. contact (Dr. Moe Sandar Myint) at 09511-1817,01-214278. PAZUNDAUNG, Corner of Bogyoke St & Ye Kyaw St, 7 Flr + Pent house, 1700 Sqft, Fully decorated. Contact: 09-519-7133 (1) NEW University Ave Rd, 2F) 45'x60', 3MBR, Ph, 5A/C, 30 lakhs. (2) South Okkalar, Thitsar Rd, 22'x70', RC3 Storey house for showroom, office, 30 Lakhs, (3) New University Ave Rd, New Condo, 1500 sq.ft, 2MB, 1BR, 5A/C Nicely Condo 25 Lakhs, (4) Pearl Condo, 1500 sq.ft, 1MBR, 2BR, 4A/C, Ph, for rent 15 Lakhs, Maureen: 09-5188320. MAYANGONE, (1).9 Mile, A1 St, 3600 Sqft, 2 MBR, 2 SR, USD 3000. (2).7 Mile, 2 RC, 2 MBR, 2 SR, fully furnish, USD 3500. (3).8 Mile, Kabaraye Villa, (2050 Sqft) 3 MBR, fully furnish, USD 3300 (4).9 Mile , Ocean condo, (1300 Sqft),1MBR, 1 SR, fully furnish,USD 1500. Ph: 09-4921-4276. KAMAYUT, YANKIN, (1) Diamond condo, (1250) Sqft, 1 MR, 1 SR, 1500 USD. (2)Near Yankin center, condo, 1250 Sqft, 2 SR, 1 MR, fully furnish, 1600 USD. (3)Near Yankin centre, 2stories, 2 MR, 2 SR, 1500 USD. Ph: 09-4921-4276. INSEIN, Free hold land, 1.5 acre, Price negotiable. Contact.: 09-505-3342

For Sale
MSI Board P4 Dual Core CPU 3.2 ghz Ram 2 Gb Hdd 500 GB VGA 512 MB DVD RW (ASUS) Viewsonic 19 ' UPS Green Tech 650 W. Ph: 09-4211-11780.

THINGANGYUN, NearYangon Int'l School (YIS), ILBC Apartment - First Flr (1,200 Sqft) On Thu Min Ga La Main Rd, 1MBR, 2SR, 2 Bath Rooms, Kitchen Room, Dining Room, Sitting Room , Nice, Peace Location: Ph09-5148138, 01-573881. SOUTHERN DAGON - 18, Land and Good Wood Building for Sales 20 x 60-Aung Min Ga La street(18b)-250 Lakhs, 40 x 60, Aung Mingalar St (18b)-500 Lakhs, Ready for Staying, Water, Electricity. Selling by the Owner himself: Ph:-01-573881, 09-514-8138 APARTMENT : Muditor condo (1)Taw Win Construciton. Place: On U Ba Han Rd, Mayangone. Ground Flr Price : 520 lakhs. (nego: + agent fees). Contact Person:Christine 093156-0089 PYIN OO LWIN, Near Kandaw Gyi Park, Land only 0.6 acres . Ph: 01 552282, 09-518-5469. KAMAYUT, Diamond Condo, Pyay Rd, 1400 sq.ft, 1MB, 2BR, Ph: 4A/C, Nice & New Condo. Negotiable: 3700 Lakhs, Maureen: 09-518-8320.

BOXING: Do you want to learn international boxing. With properly methods from several ages. Contact: Master high class School cuba boxing, osmarino09@ gmail.com, Phone: 09313-29605, 09-425360719.

Want to Buy
WE want to buy about (100 ft x 100 ft), (Need to join ownerself), Ph: 09-5661037.


knowledge of auto mechanic. Ability to communicate in English & Myanmar effectively (and Rakhine is a plus). Must provide a clean criminal background. Pls submit application (CV, cover letter, references) to Application for Speedboat Driver/ Yangon, Solidarites Int'l office : 44-A, Tharyarwaddy Lane, Bahan, Yangon or per email: recuritment@ solidarites-myanmar.org FRENCH Red Cross is seeking Finance, Administration & HR Manager 1 post in Yangon : Myanmar Citizen. Master degree or equivalent in a subject relevant to the position applied for. Computer literacy in both Myanmar & English. Applications (including CV & references) should be submitted to French Red Cross Office not later than 15th November 2013. Finance/ Admini stration/ HR Manager, French Red Cross Office : 42, 1st Flr, Strand Rd, Botahtaung, Yangon. Tel: 09-73159942, Email : fin.mgr. myanmar.frc@gmail.com MYANMAR Red Cross Society is seeking SHG Development Officer 1 post in Nay Pyi Taw: Any graduate. Effective computer knowledge. Knowledge of English in speaking and writing is an advantage. Red Cross Volunteers are preferable. Pls send applicationi letter, CV and related documents to Myanmar Red Cross Society Head Office. Yazathingaha Rd, Dekkhinathiri,NayPyiTaw. Or mrcshrrecruitment@ gmail.com MEDECINS du Monde (MDM) is seeking Accountant 1 post in Pyapon:Universitydegree in finance, accountancy or related feild. 1 year experience in accounting & finance field. Fluency in Myanmar. Fair English both speaking & writing. Good computer skills. Pls submit CV & a cover letter to MDM Country Coordination Office, Yangon, 47-B, Po Sein St, Bahan, Yangon. Email : office.mdmmyanmar@ gmail.com for two new colleagues for one Reservation Manager and one Account Staff in our office in Yangon : Good communication and inter-personal skills, fluent in English, travel business/ room reservation experience/ finance experience for all at least 2 years, excellent computer skills (Microsoft Office, Internet & Email), good problem-solving and decision making skills, self-motivated and result driven, able to work alone or part of a team, must possess ability to work under pressure, highly motivated & outgoing personality. Pls submit CV with photo & other certificates personally or per e-mail to 11 (A), Maharmyaing St, Sanchaung, Yangon. Ph: 511658, 511701, Email: zinzin@is-myanmar.com www.icstravelgroup.com SALES & MARKETING Department, Sales Manager: Able to speak, read and write English Fluently. Highly motivated, aggressive, self-confident and dynamic person. Pleasant Personality and good interpersonal skills. Computer Knowledge. Preferable with hotel sales experience. Interested applicants may submit detailed CV in English with relevant documents, a recent photo, Labour registration card, and contact details to the HR Department, 37 Kaba Aye Pagoda Rd, Yangon. Tel: 01-9662866/57-59 within one week WORLD TRADE Associate Trading Company Ltd is seeking Sales and Marketing M 4 Posts : Degree or Diploma holder in related field. Good personality, polite, neat and tidy. Pls contact : 40/42, 136 St, Tarmwe, Yangon. Ph: 01 200151 , 01 200288 , 09510-9966 SALES PERSONS at Pomelo. Pomelo is the favorite shopping destination for tourist coming toYangon (source: tripadvisor.com) and we are well established in the international community. PomeloopenedinJanuary 2012 and business has been very good. We are therefore looking forward to expanding our Myanmar sales team. Pls contact us if you: like to interact with people & customers, have an interest in marketing and sales, have good English skills, enjoy working in a multicultural environment, have an interest in, and willingness to learn more about the products we sell, as well as the producer groups we work with. Pomelo products are handmade Myanmar crafts of high quality. Please visit our shop or our internet site to learn more about the products and the producer groups we are working with (www.pomeloyangon. com). We are primarily looking for sales persons that can work 40 hours per week, but we also need sales persons that can work evenings and/ or weekends. We believe that you can continue to grow with Pomelo as our concept will expand to other tourist areas in Myanmar. Pls send CV/resume to Rachel Storaas by email : PomeloYangon@gmail. com or deliver at Pomelo; 3rd flr of Monsoon restaurant (85-87 Thien Pyu Rd). AYEYARWADDY Group Co., Ltd is seeking Operator - F 15 posts : Any graduated / any diploma/ Ten Standard Passed. Excellent in spoken & written English (a must). Good interpersonal skills. Good communication skills. Age 20 to 25. (2)Chief Account & Finance Controller - F 3 posts: B.Com or M.Com and CPA or ACCA Part II or III passed. Experience 6 years and above in related field is preferable. Good communication skills & leadership skills. Good in spoken and written English. Able to prepare the final account & able present management team requirements. Able to prepare budget forecast for future projects. Excellent in Microsoft office. Pls submit CV with recent photo, copies of relevant qualifications, labor registration, copy of NRC not later than (28-112013). winwin.ati@gmail. com HORIZON Int'l School is looking for (1) Assistant Teacher - F 2 posts :Age 20 ~ 35, University graduate, Proficient in English, Comfortable working with young learners, Able to devote oneself to teaching, Friendly, enthusiastic and patient, (2).Office Secretary - F 2 posts : Age under 30, Bachelors Degree in any field or Diploma in the relevant field, Sufficient work experience, Good command of English, Computer literate, (3). Receptionist - F 1 posts : Age under 30, Bachelors Degree in any field or Diploma in the relevant field, Sufficient work experience, Good command of English, (4). School Car Driver - 1 post : Age 25 ~ 40, Can speak English fluently, Able to drive any car, Driving license should be valid, Friendly, enthusiastic, patient and punctual, Can work long hours, Must be fit in physically and mentally. BENEFITS: Attractive Salary, Lunch is provided, An opportunity to work for an institution where students have lots of outstanding international achievements, Pls bring CV along with a copy of your credentials to 235, Shukinthar Myo Patt Rd, Taketa, Yangon. Ph: 450396, 450397, Closing date : November 25, 2013. URGENTLY REQUIRED (1).Sales & Marketing Staff/ Supervisor (2).Admin & Office staff (3).Personal Secretary/ Executive Secretary (4).B.Com ( C PA ) R e c e p t i o n i s t (5).HR Manager (6). Accountant. Every post suitable for Male/Female and attractive salary. Send CV to christinekhine@ gmail.comCall: 09-5146505 (Christine) A+ HARDWARE Technician. Pls contact Ph: 256-711,256-512, 09-513-4031. ACCOUNTANTS & General Clerks M/F - Urgent need US$ 1,000/Month, Free Accommodation, Food, Transport Yearly Bonus, Local Allowances, Festival Allowances. To work in Nigeria, Lagos. 25 Myanmar are working there No agent fees, Air Ticket Free, During Vacation with pay CPA or ACCA or M.Ba or B.Com or D.Ma or LCCI. Good for English speaking, Computer skill & MYOB. Ph : 01-573881, 09-5148138. URGENTLY requires a receptionist who can speak English. Pls apply to the following address and e mail. advertising.myanmar@ gmail.com. SAIL Group of Companies Ltd : 790 Corner of Bogyoke Rd and Wadan Rd, Suite 603, Danathiha Center, Lanmadaw, Yangon. Ph: 951-211870, 951224820, 951-660839 AUDIER & Partners, a Vietnam-based international law firm with offices in Vietnam, Mongolia and Myanmar is looking to hire business lawyers for its Yangon Office. Profile: Myanmar nationals holding advanced law degrees, minimum 1 year work experience in law firms/ government entities, full English proficiency (reading, writing, speaking), computer software proficiency. Pls submit CV to grangerat@ audierpartners.com NGAPALI BAYVillas & Spa is seeking Spa Manager at 5 star Deluxe Hotel in Ngapali : Management experience within the spa industry 2 years, Ability to meet financial targets, Ability to work under pressure, Excellent grooming standards, Willingness to develop team members and self, Flexibility to respond to a range of different work situations, Ability to work on your own or in teams, Passion for customer service, Knowledge of the local market, Certification from internationally acknowledged institu tions. Apply with an up to date CV & uploaded photo to gm@ngapalibay.com (1) AN Experienced English Teacher (male) is available to teach at the students' residence. Pls call at 44, Athoka St, Natchaung Ward, 3rd Flr - left side), Tamwe, Yangon, Pls ask for Mr.David (after 7pm or before 10am). (2) A licensed your guide, (English/ French) is available for immediate appointment. Pls contact personally, Mr.David, between 9 ~10 am, at 44, Athoka St, Natchaung Ward, Tamwe, Yangon. NESTLE is seeking Sales Trade Development Manager: Bachelor's Degree in Business Administration or relevant educational degree. 5 years' experience in similar position, in FMCG is preferable. Computer literacy & English communication skills. Pls submit complete detailed resume to Nestle Trading (Thailand) Ltd. Flr 11th Centerpoint Towers, 65 Corner of Sule Pagoda Rd & Merchant St, Kyauktada, Yangon, Ph: 09-732-32462. Or Email: zinhnaunga@ nestlemyanmar.com.mm (OR) tztzha@gmail.com

UN Positions
THE Int'l Organization for Migration (IOM) office in Yangon is seeking (1) Database Operator 1 post in Mawlamyine, Mon State. (2) Behaviour Change Communication Mentor 1 post in Ye Tsp, Mon State. (3) Medical Trainer 1 post in Ye Tsp, Mon State. Pls submit an application letter and an updated CV with a maximum length of 3 pages including names and contact details of 3 referees (copies of certificates and further documents are not required at this stage) to Int'l Organization for Migration (IOM) Mission in Myanmar - Yangon Office, 318-A, Ahlone Rd, Dagon Tsp, Yangon, Email: hryangon@iom. int, Closing date : 11 November 2013 .

Ingo Positions
MEDECINS du Monde (MDM) is seeking Administrative & HR Assistant 1 post in Yangon: University Degree. 1 year experience in the field of administration (visa/ travel management) & HR. Good typing skill in Myanmar and English. Fluency in Myanmar and English languages. Good knowledge of Excel, MS Word, Internet and email. Pls submit CV and a cover letter to MDM Country Coordination Office, Yangon : 47B, Po Sein St, Bahan, Yangon. Ph: 542830, 09731-71002. Email: office. mdmmyanmar@gmail. com NORWEGIAN Refugee Council is seeking Finance Officer in Yangon: B.Com or ACCA or Bachelor Degree with certification in Accounting &Finance. 3 to 5 years of relevant finance experience in NGO. Good communication skills in English. Fluency in the English. Pls submit CV, including application letter & contact detail of 2 referees (no other supporting documents are required for this state), clearly indicating the position on your CV to admin-hr@myanmar. nrc.no with cc to finco@ myanmar.nrc.no or mail to: HR Officer, NRC, No.68, Than Lwin Rd (Corner with Aung Daw Mu St), Bahan Tsp, Yangon. Closing date :8th November 2013 to: WORLD VISION Int'l - Myanmar is seeking Area Development Program Manager 2 posts in Amarapura Mandalay Region, Myeik - Tanintharyi Region: University DegreeinSocial Studies and Masters Degree in Development/ Public Administration/ Business Administration/ Policy Studies would be an advantage. 5 years experience in community development or related field. Competent in use of Microsoft Office including Word, Excel & Power Point. Excellent command of Myanmar & English and excellent knowledge in report writing. Must provide a clean criminal background. Pls submit resume (clearly identify the post you apply) by post to HR Department, World

Vision Int'l - Myanmar or in person to application drop-box at No (18), Shin Saw Pu Rd; Ahlone, Sanchaung PO or send to myajobapps@wvi.org Closing date : November 15, 2013. PEACE WINDS Japan (PWJ), a Japanese NGO, has an immediate opening for (1) Finance/ Administrative Officer post to assist our WASH project in Hpa-an, Kayin State. Ideal candidate will have University degree, must have at least 2 years of related experience in NGO, strong English speaking and writing skills, good computer skills, ability to multitask. Karen language skills advantage. Qualified & interested applicants pls send CV & a cover letter to recruit.pwj.myanmar@ gmail.com Closing date: November 25. SOLIDARITES Int'l is seeking Base Manager 1 post in Monywa, Sagaing Division. Pls submit application (CV, cover letter, references) to the attention of: HR/ Admin Department Solidarites Int'l No.44(A), Tharyarwaddy Lane, Sayar San Ward, Bahan, Yangon Office or per email: recruitment@ solidarites-myanmar.org/ mon.admin@solidaritesmyanmar.org (please use basic Excel, Word or PDF format). Closing date: 15.11.2013. ACTION AID is seeking Project Manager, Socio Economic Development Network Based in Nyaung Oo: University degree. 5 years experience in program management including income generating activities for the poor/or social enterprise using participatory methodologies. Good computer skills & management of web site content & its updating. Excellent in English and Myanmar. More languages is appreciated. Pls send an application letter with C.V to (1), Win Ga Bar Avenue, Shwe Gone Daing, Bahan, Yangon or email : Aamyanmar.Job@ actionaid.org or a copy to job.actionaid509@ gmail.com, Closing date : October 20th 2013, No requirement of photo or copy of certificates. ACTIONAID is seeking (1) Bookkeeper in Nyaung Oo: BA on accounting. 2 years work experience in business (accounting section). Fluency in English and Myanmar. (2) Marketing Officer (SEDN Emporium staff) in Nyaung Oo: University degree in marketing or related field. Diploma in marketing. 3 years experience in marketing. Fluency in English & Myanmar. Pls send an application letter with a current C.V to (1), Win Ga Bar Avenue, Shwe Gone Daing, Bahan, Yangon or email :Aamyanmar.Job@ actionaid.org or a copy to job.actionaid509@gmail. com (No requirement of photo or copy of certificates. We will prefer to receive application only) Closing date : 17th November 2013: SOLIDARITES Int'l (SI) is seeking Speed boat Driver 1 post in Sittwe: 1 year of driving experiences. Basic

As a leading global company, Daewoo International Corporation (Myanmar E&P) is seeking an energetic, reliable and qualified person to fill a position for its ongoing operations of Oil & Gas Industry in Myanmar. Process Engineer (1 post) - University Graduate (prefer Chemical Engineering) - Minimum 3 years professional experience in a relevant field - Hands on experience of effective Hydrocarbon processes including modeling i.e. HYSYS - Strong Analytical approach to tasks including Troubleshoot, Root Cause and Risk Mitigation - Knowledge of Production Safety standards and their application - Proficiency in English language Telecoms Specialist (1 post) - Degree/Higher Diploma in Computer Engineering, Telecoms Technology or related disciplines - 15 years relevant experience in managing Enterprise Telecoms System such as VSAT, Radio, PABX, PAGA - Knowledge and experience maintaining VSAT, Radio, PABX, PAGA - Preferable experience in managing Platform or Drilling Rig telecoms - Experience in project of VSAT and Radio implementation Network Specialist (1 post) - Degree/Higher Diploma holder in Computer Engineering, Network Technology or related disciplines - 15 years relevant experience in managing Enterprise LAN and WAN involving devices such as routers, switches, WAN accelerators and load balances. - Knowledge and experience maintaining WAN involving a MPLS/ IPLC optical network - Experience in managing in a network environment over multiple sites - Experience LAN upgrading project or LAN optimization - Preferably has CCNP and CCIE certification and others Network related System Engineer (1 post) - Degree/Higher Diploma holder in Computer Engineering, Information Technology or related disciplines - Minimum 3 years relevant experience in managing Server, Hardware, Software, Linux, Windows, Firewall/VPN and Security. - Knowledge and experience maintaining system backup and data backup - Experience in managing of Application Server, Mail Server, Linux Server, Web Server, SAP Server - Experience in operation of firewall/VPN,Anti-virus,Anti-Spam, Intrusion Detection, System/Computer security & vulnerabilities assessment - Preferably has CCNA certification and others System related - Experience in managing LAN networks, involving devices such as routers, switches Assistant Cost Controller (2 posts) (2 years contract term) - University Graduate in finance and accounting or equivalent - Minimum 1 year experience (prefer in Oil & Gas industry) - Able to use computerized accounting ERP system (SAP) - Previous working experience in similar position will be given preference Application closing date is 25th November 2013 Interested persons who meet the above mentioned qualifications are invited to submit their CV, application letter, recent photo and copies of academic transcripts to the following address: HR & Admin Department Daewoo International Corporation (Myanmar E&P) International Business Center No. 88, Pyay Road, 6 Miles, Hlaing Township, Yangon. Or e-mail to admin@daewooenp.com

Local Positions
MYANMAR Survey Research(MSR)islooking for (1) International Consultant in Yangon: at least 3 year working in a research space - ideally social and public policy research; superb data analytical and report writing skills; excellent communication skills and ability to build rapport with people for a range of backgrounds. (2) Chief Accountant - M/F 1 post: CPA or ACCA or other relevant qualification, 5 years experience in accounting and auditing, good English communication skills, computer literate. (3) Research Executive - M/F 2 posts: design and manage a research project; analyse and interpret data. Have good English writing skills. Please submit CV with recent photo and relevant documents to #55, Maha Bandoola Garden Street, Yangon. Email: msr@ myanmar.com.mm within three weeks. ICS Travel Group is looking

Vacancy Announcement
(1) Sous Chef (2) Demi-Chef (3) Commis de cuisine Resume should be sent together with a recent photo to savoy.hra@gmail.com (or) 129, Dhammazedi Road, Yangon. Tel: (01) 526 289, 526 298

66 Sport


Boxers prep at muay competition

KYAW ZIN HLAING kyawzinhlaing91@gmail.com MYANMARS muay boxing team A topped the medal count collecting four golds at a Southeast Asian Games warm-up tournament in Nay Pyi Taw last week. The event, organised by the Ministry of Sport and the Myanmar Traditional Boxing Federation, drew 21 athletes from six countries to Wunna Theikidi Stadium. Thailand nished tied for second with Vietnam, as both collected one gold and one silver medal. Myanmars team B failed to collect a gold and was forced to settle for one silver and four bronze medals. Sai Zaw Zaw, general secretary of the Myanmar Muay Boxing Federation, said that the tournament gave his team much needed preparation prior to the SEA Games, which open in December. Our federation has not participated in international events or joint training with international teams to prepare for the SEA Games, he said. This pre-SEA Games competition was a rst for us. Our athletes got good international experience by participating in this competition. The Myanmar team is training in Nay Pyi Taw with six local coaches and one coach from Thailand. The Myanmar Muay Boxing Federation has said that it hopes to capture four of the 14 gold medals that will be up for grabs at the SEA Games.

Winter sports up in arms over 2022 World Cup idea


HE prospect of a winter World Cup in 2022 is causing mounting anger among the leaders of skiing, ice hockey and other cold weather sports who fear the crushing power of football fever. As FIFA weighs up whether to move the globes top football tournament from its traditional June and July slot to avoid host nation Qatars scorching heat, its winter sport counterparts are marshalling opposition. The International Ski Federation (FIS) has announced that it plans to form a united front with six other governing bodies to take a stand against the idea of their seasons being blitzed by football. The world of football is already split, with critics saying the climate issue could hardly have escaped FIFAs notice. Englands Premier League and its Australian counterpart have protested, fearing disruption to their xtures and coffers, while winter sports federations and broadcasters argue that a highprole football event clashing with their own seasons would dent television audiences and revenues. The winter federations are not disguising their irritation about the way things are taking shape. I honestly and privately just dont believe that anybody within FIFA cares about us, said FIS chief Gian Franco Kasper as skiings own World Cup season got underway at

FIFA president Sepp Blatter speaks to the media in Tehran on November 7. Photo: AFP

Theyre the gods of the world at least they believe it they can do whatever they want.
Myanmar muay boxer compete in Nay Pyi Taw. Photo: Myanmar Muay Boxing Federation

Gian Franco Kasper International Ski Federation chief

the end of October. Theyre the gods of the world at least they believe it they can do whatever they want. Now we are opposing it of course as much as we can said Kasper, who is Swiss like FIFA boss Sepp Blatter. Ottavio Cinquanta, the Italian head of global skatings governing body FISU hammered home that message. I dont think my colleague Kasper is wrong, Cinquanta said. You have to remember that Mr. Blatter is Swiss, the head of an international federation and a member of the International Olympic Committee, so he has to discuss this with his colleagues, he insisted. Cinquanta said it was time for some loyal and respectful cooperation. Anders Besseberg, head of biathlon federation IBU, says the red lines are there for all to see. They (FIFA) dont really need to consult us because it is very clear: we

dont want them to have the World Cup nished later than by December 1 or the end of November, the Norwegian said. You have a World Cup in soccer, normally it belongs to the summer sports and should not go into the winter season of the winter sports, he underlined. With FIFAs plans still up in the air it has delayed making a decision until after the 2014 World Cup in Brazil Besseberg said the time for serious discussion was nonetheless still to come. There is a similar sense of annoyance at the International Ice Hockey Federation. IIHF boss Rene Fasel said it was likely to join forces with its fellow winter federations. We have to work as a family, Fasel, who is Swiss and a member of the IOCs executive committee, told AFP. We cant forget that football is the world number one sport. Its clearly a

competitor. Our clubs could feel the consequences on the spectator front, he added. But he said that the winter federations should keep their powder dry until FIFAs stance is clearer. Only then should be start getting angry, he said. The IOC also wants FIFA to coordinate with it in order to avoid any impact of a World Cup shift on the 2022 Winter Olympics, whose host city will be chosen in July 2015. Blatter was scheduled on November 9 to meet Qatars new emir, Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani, for what FIFA has described as a courtesy visit. In addition to the calendar issue, the two men are expected to discuss labour rights in the Gulf monarchy, amid human rights campaigners claims that migrant workers on World Cuplinked projects there are being treated like slaves. AFP

The Philippines mens football team withdraws from SEA Games

PYAE THET PHYO pyaethetphyo87@gmail.com THERE was confusion in Nay Pyi Taw last week after the Philippines officially withdrew its mens U23 football squad from competition at the upcoming Southeast Asian Games. According to reports from football website Goal.com, the Myanmar SEA Games Organising Committee received a letter stating the Philippines intention to withdrawal on the night of November 6. The Myanmar Football Federation declined to comment on the withdrawal. The letter was received after groupings had been drawn, leading to a reshuffle. Myanmar will compete in Group B along with runners-up from 2011 Indonesia, Thailand, Timor Leste and Cambodia. Group A consists of reigning champions Malaysia, Vietnam, Singapore, Laos and Brunei. Van Ni Tin Aung, secretary of Myanmar Football Federation, said that he was pleased with Myanmars position and described group A as tougher. In the womens competition Vietnam, Myanmar, the Philippines and Indonesia make up Group A. Thailand, Laos, Malaysia and Timor Leste are in Group B. Mens group A knockout matches will be played at Nay Pyi Taws Zayar Thiri football eld. Group B mens knockout matches will play at Yangons Thuwanna football eld. The nals will be played in Nay Pyi Taw. The womens matches will take place at Mandalar Thiri football eld in Mandalay. Translation by Zar Zar Soe

Supporters of the Myanmar football team cheer during a match against Vietnam in Yangon. Photo: Boothee


Sport 67

A bluffers guide to the 27th Southeast Asian Games



FIRST appearing at the 1993 Singapore Games, this event has featured in the Southeast Asian games a total of eight times and has found a place on the schedule for the previous ve events. Where does it originate? Traditional boat racing is often internationally referred to as dragon boat racing and has been titled as such at previous SEA Games. Originating from China, dragon boat racing is said to have a ritualistic history of over 2000 years. As a symbol of water and therefore the rivers and the rain, the dragon was worshipped to encourage fortune and prosperous growing conditions. There is an alternate creation myth to the development of this ancient sport. This story centres on the story of Qu Yan, a poet known for composing prose as he wandered rural China following his banishment from the Chu Kingdom. Supposedly in an attempt to protest political corruption and the downfall of his kingdom, he committed suicide by holding onto a large rock and leaping into the Mi Lo River. So beloved was Qu Yan that the locals took to their shing boats in a fruitless attempt to recover him. As they paddled, they banged upon drums to scare sh away from his drowned body. The modern era of traditional or dragon boat racing began in 1976 when the Hong Kong Tourist Association hit upon the idea to exploit the sport in an effort to promote the city. This event continued to develop into an annual festival and an unofficial world championship until the increasingly popularity of the sport led to the formation of the International Dragon Boat Federation (IDBF) in 1991. Whats it all about? Deeply embedded in Chinas dragon culture, these boats traditionally feature an ornately carved head and tail at the bow and stern respectively. Hulls are painted with scales and the paddles are considered representations of the creatures claws. The sport is a straight-forward point-to-point, rst-past-the-post athletic race. The format follows in a similar vein to the rowing and canoeing events but features larger crew numbers. The traditional boat races will be held on the same at water course as these other events. How do you play? In traditional festivals the size of the crew can vary from 10 up to in excess of 50 oarsmen. For international competitions there are two main competitions. The standard 40-foot (12.2 metres) boat will hold 20 oarsmen, while 10 paddlers are to be found in the smaller boat. Competitors kneel within the boat and paddle in a similar manner to a canoeist with a single-ended paddle. There are four main components to the stroke of a traditional boat race. First the catch; this is the moment when the paddle enters the water and the oarsmen begins to exhale. Next is the compression; the legs, abs, and back muscles pull the competitor into a sitting position and the paddle is moved towards the hip. In the exit; the paddle is removed from the water as the racer begins to inhale. Finally the recovery stage sees the athlete turn their waist, bringing the paddle forward placing them in a position to repeat the process once more. These oarsmen are always accompanied by the drummer and helm. Together they play a similar role to the cox in rowing. The drummer focuses on creating a steady rhythm for the crew to follow, upping and slowing the tempo

according to their position and tactics within the race. The helms place is to steer the boat, keep their course steady and to do this always with one an eye on the progress of the opposition. How do you win? The IDBF prides itself on delivering a sport it believes requires not only strength, endurance and skill but also a high level of teamwork where a harmony of purpose must be achieved if a team is to be successful. Within a traditional boat race team there are three sections that must each perform slightly different roles if crew is to secure victory. Upfront in the rst three rows are the timing box; these paddles should be locked into the desired pace and set the tempo for the remainder of the crew. Next, in the middle rows you nd the engine room. The oarsmen here should show determination and endurance in applying pressure to those ahead. Finally, the last three rows are the terminators; water toward the back of the boat is very fast thanks to all the paddlers in front. In an ill-disciplined crew these members could potentially coast, so it is important that they maintain a strong grip and continue to exert a heavy force upon their paddle. The size of the crews means that a team cannot be carried through the performance of a few star paddlers.


The Myanmar teams paddlers are making a much cleaner exit ideally the removal of the paddle from the water at the end of a stroke should happen before the thigh, ensuring the paddle does not drag behind. Where is it played? The sport has grown signicantly over the past 30 years. The International, European and Asian Dragon Boat Federations now govern the sport across 60 countries. The sport now claims 50 million participants in China, 300,000 in the UK and Europe, plus many thousands more across North America and Australasia. The sport has seen particular growth in the festival racing scene, where teams often form and compete for charity or as corporate team bonding events. How many medals are available? This will be the largest traditional boat event ever to be held at the SEA Games. There will be 17 gold medals available. Six races will be held for both male and female crews with an additional six paddles for mixed crews. Races will be held over the distances of 500m, 1000m and 2000m. Whats the betting? Traditionally a strong sport for Myanmar, there has been a number of reports and statements concerning the traditional boat teams dream of gold.

Our bluffers guide to the SEA Games focuses on those sports that may never make it to the Olympics but whose elite will get their chance to compete for international gold this December. This week we focus on a sport with a strong record for Myanmar and the largest team event within the games: traditional boat racing, or, as it is better known, dragon boat racing.

In the test event featuring six events at 500m, Myanmar A took home ve gold medals and dominated the Thai and Cambodian crews. In earlier editions of the Games where only two or four races were held the Philippines regularly dominated the gold medal berth, often reducing Myanmar to second-best. In 2011, when 10 golds were up for grabs, Myanmar made their play and rowed away with nine. With even more events being held on the water in Nay Pyi Taw, only the Philippines can realistically prevent this event becoming a gold mine for the home nation. Where will it all happen? The Traditional Boat Racing will be hosted on the waters of Ngalike Dam in Nay Pyi Taw between from December 18 to 21. Did you know? The classic Chinese dragon has the head of an ox; the antlers of a deer; the mane of a horse; the body and scales of a snake; the claws of an eagle; and the tail of a sh. Surng the skies, the dragon can command the wind, mist and rain. Matt Roebuck is a sports writer and sports development consultant based in Yangon. He is the author of the book The Other Olympics, published in 2012.

The development of a strong mutual understanding, bonding the crew into a single unit, is a vital component to any training routine. What should you be saying? Its surely time they made the reach for power where the oarsmen will adjust their tempo from the faster up rate at the beginning of a paddle to the longer and slower race rate.


SPORT EDITOR: Tim McLaughlin | timothy.mclaughlin3@gmail.com

Azkals U23 out of SEA Games football comp


Rio backs Olympic legacy, 1000 days from start P

OLITICAL protests, stark prophecies of cost overruns, and stories of infrastructural projects struggling to stay on track. It may sound like the problems dogging the 2014 World Cup, but they are also plaguing the 2016 Olympics, Brazils other showpiece. Saturday marked 1000 days to the opening ceremony of the Games. We understand the complexity of the task ahead of us, said organising committee chairman Carlos Nuzman, stressing the most important legacy is bringing the Olympics to Brazil in the rst place. Rio, a seething metropolis of some 6 million, has been straining to modernise ever since it was awarded the Games on October 2, 2009, seeing off opposition from Madrid, Tokyo and a Chicago bid personally backed by Barack Obama. But four years on, amid soaring cost estimates and street protests against the cost of both the Games and next years World Cup, organisers have constantly found themselves having to answer: Can the city complete a garguantuan program of urban renewal on time? Can Brazil afford the cost for both sporting jamborees of some US$15 billion each? And would the money not be better spent on social infrastructure, such as health and education? Nuzman has been preaching optimism for months, saying as early as last December, Everything is on the way and on time. The budget will be ready next year. We are in a comfortable, good situation. We are in a very good road. Even so, with the end of 2013 just seven weeks away, Rio 2016 communications director Mario Andrada felt moved to tell reporters that the budget could not yet be disclosed. Legacy and sustainability are the


A view of stadiums in Rio De Janeiro that will be used during the 2014 World Cup and 2016 Olympics. Photo: AFP

bywords for the event which will be nothing if not picturesque, with 30 competition venues spread across four Olympic zones Maracana with its iconic and recently refurbished stadium, Copacabana with its worldfamous beach, Barra out to the west and Deodoro in the north. Rather less picturesque are the regular public protests by disaffected Brazilians. Organisers of both events are promising a transformation of a giant country which is growing apace but which still is a showcase for the gulf that exists in developing countries between ultra rich and dirt poor -- in Rio

both extremes cohabit literally metres from each other. For Andrada we can set standards for future events, we must lead by example. The Barra district is one example of the sporting legacy Rio wishes to leave as it will become a training centre after the Games. Yet plans to link the area with central Rio threaten to be held up by reported delays to a metro link, Brazilian media reported in recent days. Games executive director Gilbert Felli noted, Well need a contingency plan if suddenly the Metro is not ready.

International Olympic Committee coordinators have made ve visits to check on progress in the Marvellous City and will return in 2014. After the last one Coordination Commission chair Nawal El Moutawakel noted progress in a number of areas and saluted Rios commitment to securing a lasting legacy and leaving a sporting heritage to the city. But just a month ago Brazilian press reported that a national auditing office check on the nances of the Games showed preparations behind schedule with earmarked state cash largely unspent.

Organisers have earmarked an operating budget of around $4 billion. But the capital budget is around three times as much and already there are fears as much as $700 million in public money may be needed to shore up the cost of the extravaganza. That means cranking up sponsorship efforts although one potential source of cash has other business to attend to, as mining, energy and shipping magnate Eike Batistas oil company OGX led for bankruptcy protection last month. Organisers stressed on November 6 the demise of the now former billionaire, who helped to bankroll the Rio bid campaign, would have zero impact on the Games. Even so, number-crunchers in the organising committee estimate sponsoring would have to top the billion dollars of London 2012 to prevent the government having to put its hand in its pocket. Some of the negative publicity, meanwhile, is if not self-inicted, at least home-grown. Rio Mayor Eduardo Paes said in August that it is a shame Brazil is hosting the Olympic Games as it was not clear who would run the sports centres thereafter. He added, It is difficult to manage sports in Brazil with the quality of leaders we have. Yet despite missteps such as the closure last March of the Joao Havelange stadium, which opened in 2007 at a cost of 123 million ($197 million), for structural problems, there are some visual signs of progress. Last week, the city authorities began dismantling an ugly elevated ring road which is being replaced by a tunnel as part of a massive urban regeneration program for which the Games are undeniably the catalyst. AFP