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CHik4ESE

HERBAL

k4EDOCUNE

&4aeeriabdedi~aStudy Guide

compiled by

kdarGc andl Marisa SaOtzman

with afovewovd by

JeOffi9ey C.Yuen

Reprinted by ComplementaryMedicine Press (2000), from the second edition, 1994,originally publlished by the authors.

Copyright O 1992,2000 by Mark S. Saltman. ISBN#: 0-9673034-2-7

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, without permission in writing from the author. Reviews may quote brief passages.

Printed in the United States of America

Complementary Medicine Press titles may be ordered through Redwing Book Company , 44 Linden Street, Brookline, NLB. 02445 USA http://www.redwingbooks.com - email: info@redwingbooks.com

FOREWORD

Since prehistoric .times, the use of herbs has long been the main source of healing for humankind. Much of the herbal traditions have been transmitted through the folklores of different cultures, the documentations in herbal compendiums, and the modem research of pharmaceutical science. The bulk of Chinese herbal medicine has been translated into English by Dan Bensky and Andrew Gamble in their voluminous work, ChineseHerbal Medicine Materia Medica. Bensky and Gamble's work, heralded as an excellent training text, continues today to be one of the main resources available in the West for anyone interested in learning about Chinese herbs.

As with any textbook of this size, along with the time restraints placed upon the students by their teachers or themselves, the task of learning a great number of these herbs has been horrendous. In recognition of this concern, Mark and Marisa Saltzman have developed a study guide to assist the student in memorizing the pertinent information utilized in the Materia Medica. They have skillfullydevised a system that allows the reader easier access to the herbs through the symbolism of numbers and letters. Rather than by just pointless memorization, readers are encouraged to learn the "license plates" of the herbs with a playful mind and imagination.

Not only is the Study Guide good fun, but it is written in an easy-to-learn manner. Anyone who has labored in the field of learning Chinese herbs will realize the toil, patience, and responsibility required of the student. The authors have eased theitructure of such studies through these herbal "license plates." The guide is well-constucted, properly thought-out, and moves steadily through the different highways of Chinese herbalism.

I share the same concern with the authors that an in-depth understanding of Chinese herbal medicine can only stem from the actual practice of utilizing herbs and experiencing their dynamics. However, I do believe that any resource that can further a student's grasp of the Materia Medica should be welcomed. With the purpose of increasing proficiency in learning the written text, the authors have broadened the scope of learning. In that regard, this manual will continue to serve the student's initiation into the vast legacy of Chinese herbal medicine.

Jefiey C. Yuen

1 liang

=

10 qian

=

30 grams

Latin Abbreviations

Abbrev.

Latin Name

English

Root-like stem

Bu.

Bulbus

Bulb

Cn.

Cornu

Horn

Cab.

Concha

Shell

Cs.

Caulis

Vine or Stern

Cx.

Cortex

Bark

cum

With

En.

Endothelium

Lining

et

And

Ex.

Excrementum

Feces

Fc.

Fructifacatio

Fruiting Body

FIm

Flos

Flower

Fo.

Folium

Leaf

Fr.

Fructus

Fruits

 

Herb or Entire Plant Pith or Soft core

License Plate Definition

Temp

Taste

Option 1

Channels Entered

Option 2

6 cool

0 bland

- aromatic

L

lung

A large intestine

!poisonous

'I cold

1

bitter

* astringent

K kidney

U urinary bladder

8 warm

2 sweet

V liver

6 gall bladder

9 hot

3 spicy

E

spleen

S stomach

N neutral

4 salty

P

pericardium

T triple burner

5

sour

H heart

M small intestine

CONTEmS

h$roduc~on

--

1

Release ExteHio~Conditions

5

Release Exterior Conditions -- Cwl, Acrid Herbs

7

Clear

Heat

--

Quell Fire

9

Clear Heat -- Cml the Blood

~mpness Clear Heat -- CIlearr Pokons

lea ~eaa--

11

82

13

16

17

ng

Herbs

-- Moist Laxatives

18

ng

Herbs -- Harsh

Exw11ants (Cathartics)

19

20

Expel Wind Dampness

23

TransformPhlegm andStop Coughing -- Cool and Transform Hot Phlegm

25

Transform Phlegm md Stop Coughing --

and Tmsfom Cold Phlegm

27

Transfom Phlegm and Stop Coughing -- Relieve Coughing andWheezing

28

Transform Dampness (komalic)

 

29

Relieve FQ~Stagnation

30

Regulate Qi

31

Regdate

Blood

--

Stop Ble

33

Regdate

Blood --

hvigomte

the Blood

35

the Interior md Expel Cold

38

Herbs

-- Tom

the Qi

40

Hefbs

-- Tom

the Blood

42

Herbs

--

Ifom

the Yang

43

He&s -- TomQ the %Tin

46

48

the ~pkit-- Settle and C*

the Spirit -- Nourish the Heart and Calm the Spirit

the spirit

50

51

homaatic Subsmces tht Open the OriGces

52

and St~pTr emors

53

54

Substances FOPExternal Application

55

hdex

57

Given tPaeweight and volme of the Materia Medics by Benslry and Gamble, the

quesfion is "How m I ever going to learn all this?" The answer is practice. Practice in wing etne herbs, practice in pronouncing the herbs and practice in

telling stories &out ehe herbs. Seems like

too, but in old world China many of the herbs in that redly 'BIG BOOK' were used in every day life. When k was summer the they hew to eat cool fmds and in the winter they hew to eat w fowls. These foods are the herbs in that 'BIG BOOK'.

Tkis is a quick guide to the 'BIG BOOK9.You don't have to cmy the reference text around with you wherever you go, you can just cmy this study guide. Pdon't end buying this guide instead of the real reference text (tallere is quite a lot of really vduablle infom;a&ionahat is not covered here). But with this guide you can get the basic ~oma&ionabout every herb in the Mhteria Medics

The beginning or expert herbalismehdogist can have a fast handle on all those herbs. The idea is simple. Each herb is given a license plate number that is coded to reflect the temperature, taste, md channels entered. Everything is presented in table fom for easy viewing and all the herbs md headings match up with the

a lot of practice and maybe a lot of work

SIE HERBAL MEDIC

Here is a description of the format:

Materia Medica" by Bensky and Gamble.

sand

followed

by

the

Here is an example of the format

Table Entry Descrip~om Latin Name:

me first item under every herb in the &fateria Mdca (dias is the Lath

name of the particular herb. H er the herb # h guide. For may herbs in the m entry cded

exists for an herb, then it is &ectly fol1owhg the Latin name. In some cases this is a direct the Latin md in others it is jut the common English name for the herb. As you may have noticed there me some common Lath abbrevb~onsmade koughout the guide. These &brevhdons ax listed md eH;haasPatdon the front and back cover of this guide.

the

of this study

'EngRish: '. E this enq

Chese is a great language - different but definikBy great. If you have noticed, there is one 'character9per word md each word is only one syllable Bong (cool). The one problem with mdersm~gthe pinyin (the phonetics of each 'chmcter9) is &at some words trmslate directly into English, like Hua means flower, but others are just names md don't have a definition (i.e. if 'kowabmga!' were a Chinese word, how wodd you 'Ibis only means that there is no

direct tr f those words. In the pinyin is

l&eled guide, the $~msBih~onis in pmnhesis

taken from the item

iterd English Tmsliaeion: 'o In this

pinyinoIfhere is no

under the

L means that the herb lhdPs English equivalent, at least not one

This section conas the wcfion heahgs. Hlfyou want to see exmples or details

under each heading then you If you have already read the you read these functions.

fall. right hto phce when

have to refer to your research mmud - the

, then, the details will

The dosages are in li,fen, qim, and hg. These are the basic units of weight. The equivalency chat is given on the front md back cover. There are a few things to note here:

1) If here is ody one dosage mge (i.e. 1-3 qk), then it meam ithat t%e herb is to be used phdy in a decoction md possibly in piwpowderd fom. 1 say possibly because there are a few instances where the qec5cfly states that one dosage applies to both the dxockd md powdered forms.

2) If the dosage includes Uhe km 'powdered9,then it .&ems that the dosage is be taken &ect.Iy inpliil or pwdeM form.

3) If the dosage includes the term 9daocted9,then it means that the dosage is specifidfor decoctions only.

4) If the dosage includes the tern 'Mwed9, then it means that the dosage is meant for fisiom.

5) If the dosage includes the tern 9fi~00k9,then it means that the he& should be precooked for a given length of time before adding any otk herbs to .the caecoc~on.

6) If the dosage includes the tern 9Gmk9, Ihen it means the the herb should be cooked for a length of the 'greater tBan9 so mmy minutes.

7) If the dosage includes the tern Cmk c9,then it means that the herb should be cooked lFoP a length of time 91ess tbm9 so many minutes. This is usufly an aromatic herb that is only added to the decoction in the last few minutes of cooking.

8) If the dosage includes the tern 9&solved9, then it means that the herb is kdP be dissolved into analready s

Temp - The kst nmkr identifies the temperame of the herb. It is either 6-co019 $hot or N-neutral. There is only one &mpem$ure each herb. There are cases where if the herb is toasted, then its temp change from "N" to 9q8"(neutral to wm). h these cases, P made separate entries to indicate if the herb was prepared differently or maybe just &om mother province.

Taste - The next set.of numbeps list the taste of the herb: 0-bhd I-bitter, 2-sweet,

as acrid), 4-&ty,

and ~-sow.The numbers are fisted in descending

order and a single herb can have a codhation of different tastes.

OpGoltll ]a - ';ppere are 3 properties that can k assigned to an herb and they are aromatic, astringent an$ pisonous. Aromatic is a '-' (Brono~~~lcd'dash', but it sort of looks like an mow as in mowmatic), ashgent is a '*' (Hpronouncd'star9

gent), and poisonous is a '! ' (Bronounced 'bang' as in bang yom &ad if you eat tw much of this stuff). Only the '*' or the '-' will appear in the Option

1 position.

means that given a poisonous herb, I have decided to Jplace the '!'

symbl at the end of the Plate# (in the position called Option 2). If the herb is not

aromatic (PP ~h~?rhgent,then a space will appear in this position (i.e. 83 ELK).

Chamek Entered - This part of the Plate# is a fist of channels that the herb enters. Any combination of le~erscan appear here. All these entries are in capital letters. For a quick reference, the bnt and back cover show the letter correspondencesfor the "ChannelsEntered".

OpGoa 2 - At the end of the Plate# a 'f -willqpm if the herb is pokonous.

So le~&e

releases exterior con~~onsis 'Ibis means that the herb is 8-

the K-kidney chmels.

Note - The kdex k set up by herb numbea. This d.lows a very quick Pookup into the tables. me reader can 1mPr up the the Lath name, my w Latin name, my word in the Lath , or my word in the msPation. This means you cm find the herb number for Hb. hari cum Itadice under Hb.,Asari, or even Ra&ce.

So that's dl there is to itae,except for a little practice and a gale patience. Be excellent md party on.

an example md see how the table works: A w

d the Plate# is '83 ELK9. the E-spleen, L-lung, and

r

IWe1me Exterior Con&&iom Warm, Acrid Herbs

1 Hb. Ephedrae

Disperses Cold; Fac. circulation of Lung Qi & controls

1-3

wheezing; Promotes urination & reduces edema; qian.

2 M. Chllaamoanli Cassiae (Saigon Cinnamon Twigs) Adjusts Nutritive & Protective Qi levels; Warms Channels & disperses Cold; Moves Yang & transforms Qi; Strengthens Heart Yang; 1-3 qian for EPFl3-5 qian for painful obstruction.

3 Po. Permae Frutewent% (Perilla Leaf)

Disperses Cold;

burner; Calins the fetus; Alleviates seafood poisoning;

Circulates Qi & harmonizes middle

1-3 qian.

4 Hb. seutBl. Sc~mmeNkeIfenugoGae

Expels wind; Encourages rash to surface & alleviates

itching; Stops bleeding-when ashed;

1-3 qian.

5 RxaLedebourielllliae Sw1~)iallk(Siler)

Expels wind; Expels wind dampness & alleviatespain; 1-3 qian.

6 Ra.e&kc. NotopterggE

Disperses Cold; Penetrates thru painful obstruction & alleviates pain, Guides Qi to Greater Yang & Governing Channels; 2-5 qian.

7 Rz et k.Ligwtici Sinem&

Root) Expels wind & alleviatespain,

I) IWw.bge%cae

Expels wind & alleviates pain;

Reduces swelling &

expels pus; Expels dampness & alleviates discharge; Opens up nasal passages; 1-3 qian.

9 Hb.hri cm Radice (ChineseWild Ginger)

(ChineseLovage

1-3 qian.

Disperses

Warms lungs & transforms phlegm; Opens up areas of

pain;

Cold;

Expels

wind

&

alleviates

stagnation;

3-10 fen.

10 Rz.Zhlilberb O%cha% Recem (Fresh

Warms Middle

Burner

alleviates coughing; Adjusts nutritive & Protective Qi;

Reduces poisonous effect of other herbs; 1-3 qian.

Ginger Rhizome)

Disperses Cold;

&

alleviates vomiting;

Disperses Cold

&

MaHnmg

831LU

(Hemp

Yellow)

Gui Zhi

832 LU

Zi

Su Ye

83-LE

JJhgJie

$3-LV

Fang Fenag

83%

(Guard

against

Wind)

Qimg Huo

831-KU

Gao Ben

83

TJ

Bai Zhi

83

LS

Xi

Xim

83

ELK

(Thinhid)

 

ShengBmg

93

LS

Herbs 1-10

Release Exkr%orCon&$iiom Warn, Acrid Herbs (@onQ9d)

11

ElbeAU &Wlwi

(Sdlion)

Cong Bai

83

LS

Causes sweating; Disperses Cold & penetrates Yang; 2-5 scallions.

 

12

m.Elsholtziae SpRende~tb(Aromatic Madder)

Xang Rnn

83-LS

Expels summer heat,Transfonns dampness; Promotes urhation,reduces swelling; 1-3 qian.

 

13 FR, MagnoQiaeLimorae

Xh PiHua

83 L

Expels wind & opens nasal passages;

1-3qian.

Herbs 11-13

Release Exterior Com&eitom Cwl9Acrid Herbs

14

Hb. Mcenthae (Field Mint or Peppermint)

Bo He

63-LV

Disperses wind heat; Clears head & eyes & benefits throat; Encourages rashes to surface; Allows constrained Liver Qi to flow freely; 0.5-2 qian Cook < 5 Inins.

 

15

Fr. Arctfi Lappace (Great Burdock Fruit)

Nia Ba~gZi

731

LS

Disperses wind heat & benefits throat; Detoxifies fire poison; Encourages rashes to surface; Moistens intestines; 1-3 qian.

 

16

Ps.Cicahe

(Cicada Moulting)

Chm T~

742LV

Disperses wind & clear heat; Encourages rashes to surface; Clears eyes & removes superficial visual obstruction; Stops spasms; 1-2 qian/Upto 1 lliang for tetanus.

17 Fo. Mori Mbae (White Mulberry Leaf)

 

Saaag Ye

 

728 LV

Expels wind & clears heat from lungs; Clears liver & eyes; 1.5-5 qian.

 

18

H.CbrymmtltaedMorgoGi (Chrysanthemum

 

Ju Hua

 

721LV

Flower) Disperses wind & clears heat; Clears Ever &

 

brightens eyes;

Pacifies liver & extinguishes wind;

1.5-3qian.

 

19

1F11. Chrymmthe& Indci

(Wild Chrysanthemum

Ye Ju Hua

 

6331.LV

Flower)

Quells fire 8z detoxifies fire poison;

2-4

qian.

20

,&I

Viticis

a

g

Z

6331.WS

Disperses wind & clears heat; Clears & benefits head & eyes; Drains dampness; 2-3 qian.

 

21

Se. $ojae Pmepmahnm (Prepared Soybean)

 

Dm Ddsu Chi

N28 LE

Releases exterior; Alleviates irritability;

2-5 qian.

22

Hb.Lemae seu Sphdelae (Duckweed)

 

IFilaPhg

 

73 L

Releases exterior; Penetrates thru muscles & encourages rashes to surface; Removes water & reduces swelling; 1-2 qian/Upto 3 qian in severe cases.

 

23

Hb. QuBeti H~BIEB~~(Scouring Rush)

 

Mu Zei

 

N21 Lv

Disperses wind heat & removes superficial visual obstruction; 1-3qian.

(Wood Thief)

Release Exterior Coktlla~ow

Cml, Acrid Herbs (CBBBB~~~)

24 &apw EfiomuElonL Bue~eriami(Pipewort

Gu Jhg Cao

632 SV

Scapus)

Disperses

wind

heat,

brightens

eyes;

(Grain

Removes superficialvisual obstruction; 2-4 qian.

Essence

 

Herb)

25

Puermiae (Common Kudzu Root)

Ge Gen

632ES

Releases muscles & clears heat; Nourishes fluids 8r; alleviates thirsl; Encourages rash of measles to surface; AAeviates dimhecl; 24 qian.

 

26

Rx*Bupleurl (Hare's Ear Root)

Chai Hu

631 GV

Resolves Lesser Ymg Heat patterns; Relaxes

(Khdhg of

constrained Liver Qi; Raises Yang QI in patterns of

the

Spleen or Stomach Deficiency; 1-4 qian.

Barbarians)

27 Rz. CMeihgae (Bugbane or Black Cohosh)

Sbeq Ma

6321LES

Releases Exterior & encourages rash of measles to

(Rising

surface; Raises Yang Qi; Detoxifies Fire Poison affecting Stomach; 0.5-3 qian.

Hemp)

Herbs 24-27

3

Ckm Heat

Quell Fire

28 Gypsum (Calcium Sulfate)

Clears Heat & quells Fire; Clears Excess Heat in Lungs; Clears blazing Stomach Fire; For eczema, bums & ulcerated sores; 3-10 qian/Upto 3 liang for high fevers.

29 &. Anemarrhenaae hphodeloidk

Shi Gao

(Stone Paste)

Zhi Mu

732LS

71

SLR

Clears Heat & quells Fire; Nurtures Yin & moistens

(Know

dry conditions; Drains Heat in Lower Burner; Generates fluids & clears Heat; 2-4 qian.

Mother)

(Cape Jasmine or alleviates irritability; Drains Damp Heat in any of the three Burners; Cools Blood & stops bleeding-when charred; Reduces swelling & moves Congealed Blood due to trauma; 2-4 qian.

Zbi Zi

71 SLV

31

Hb.LophaUhe~GmeMs

Dan Zhu Ye

720 SHU

Clears Heat & lessens irritability; Promotes urination

(Bland

& clears Damp Heat; Releases Exterior & disperses

Bamboo

Wind Heat; 2-3 qian.

Leaves)

32

Spia hneBPae Vu1erlis (Heal-all Spike)

Xia Ku Cao

73231 GLV

Clears

Liver

&

brightens

eyes;

Clears

Heat

&

(Summer Dry

dissipates nodules; 3-5 qian/Upto 1 liang used alone.

Herb)

33 Calcittnm (Calcitum)

Ham Shui SM

743

SHR

Quells Fire & expels Summer Heat; Used for burns;

(Cold Water

3-10 qian.

Stone)

tes

urination

in

Heat

s

to

surface;

5-10

36 Se. Cwke Tmae (Foetid Cassia Seeds)

JBue M@ Zi

621VK

Clears vision & expels Wind Heat; Clears Liver &

(Seeds of

benefits eyes; Lubricates Intestines & moves stool;

Reajized

3-5 qian/Upto 1liang used alone.

Brightness)

37 Se. Celloshe Argentate

Clears Wind Heat or Liver Fire & benefits eyes; qian.

1-5

Herbs 28-37

Qing Xianag Zi

62

V

clear eat

QueH Fire (C0nt9d)

38

El.Buddleiae Oficba~

Mi Meng Hna

Benefits eyes;

1-3 qim.

39

Ex. Vesperam Mwmtii (BatFeces)

Pe Mhg Sha

Clears Liver h benefits eyes;

Used for Childhood

(Night

Nutritional Impairment; 1-3 qim.

Brightness

Smd)

Xiong Dan

71 VSEG

Clears Heat & alleviates spasms; Clears Heat $r; detoxifies Fire Poison; Benefits eyes in parttern of Liver Fire; Redurns swelling & pain; 2-8 fen

Herbs 38-40

Clear Heat Cml the Bbod

41

gJm Wnwefi (Rhinocerus Horn)

Xi Bao

741SHY

Clears Heat, detoxifies Fire Poison & cools Blood; Clears Heat & suppresses tremors; 3-6 fen powdered/0.5-2qian decocted.

 

42

.&li

Rehadae Gluthosae (Chinese Foxglove)

Sheng Di

Clears Heat & cools Blood; Nourishes Yin Ik;Blood &

Huang

generates Fluids; Cools upward blazing of Heart Fire;

For Wasting & Thirsting syndrome;

43 IWlu;. Scmphulmiae N-poems

Figwort Root) Clears Heat & cools Blood; Nourishes Yin, Quells Fire & detoxifies Fire Poison; Softens hardness & dissipates nodules; 3 qian - 1liang.

3-10 qian.

(Ningpo

(Earth

Yellow)

Xuan $hem

(Dark Root)

44

43. Mouhn Radicis (Peony Tree Root Bark)

Mu Dam Pi

Clears Heat & cools Blood; Clears Deficiency Fire; Invigorates Blood & dispels Congealed Blood; Clears ascending Liver Fire; Drains pus & reduces swelling; 2-4 qian.

45

b.Lithospermi secean Amebke (Groomwell Root)

Zi Cao

Clears Heat, cools Blood; Detoxifies Fire Poison while

drawing

sb,

Moistens intestines & moves stool; 1-3 qian.

$6 Cx.Lycii Chen* Radicis (WolfberryRoot

Bark) Quells Deficient Yin Fire; Clears Heat & alleviates cough; Clears Heat & cools Blood; 3-5 qian.

47 Bx*Cpamc~

Clears Heat & cools Blood;

4-8b.SteRRariaeDichotomae

Clears

out rashes;

Damp Heat in

3-5 qian.

Causes Deficiency Heat to recede; Clears Heat; Reduces some forms of Childhood Nutritional Impairment; Cools Blood & stops bleeding;

Herbs 41-48

(Purple Herb)

Di Gun Pi

(EarthBone

Yh Chd Ha (Silver Barbarian Kindling)

6231. SV

CLm Heat Dry Damploles

49

k,ScnkUmiae B~mIIemb (Baical

Huang Qh

'71lHA.GEL

Shhlcap Root) Clears Heat (& quells Fire, particularly in Upper Bmer; Drains Damp Heat; Clears Heat $r calms fetus; Subdues ascendant Liver Yang; 2-5 qian.

 

50

Rz.Ccl~p~d%(Golden Thread)

Huang Lian

71 SHAV

Quells Fire & detoxifies Fire Poison; Clears Heat,drahs Da~~~plless,Sbpsbleeding; Drains Stomach Fire; Clem Heart Fire; Also used for bils,carbuncles & abscesses; 5 fen - 3 qian.

(YellowL'i)

51 Cx, Pheadendd (hur Cork-tree Bark)

Huaring BaYBo

71 KU

Drains Damp Heat, particularly in Lower Burner; Quells Kidney Fire; Drains Fire & detoxifies Fire Poison; 1-4qian.

(Yellow Fir)

52 Rx.Gen~titimaeSeabme (Chinese Gentian Root)

Loring Dan Cao

'71 GW

Clears Deficiency Heat; Nutritional Impairment;

Treats chronic Childhood

Drains Damp Heat;

1-3

Herbs 49-55

clear eat

cnear Pohm

56 Fl.bnicerae Japodae (HoneysuckleFlower)

JIhYliBn Htna

72 LS

Clears Heat & detoxifies Fire Poison; Clears Damp

(Gold Silver

Heat in Lower Burner; Expels externally contracted Wind Heat; 3-5 qian.

Flower)

57

Fr.Porythiae Swpeaasae Porsythia Fruit)

Lim Qiao

63%WG

Clears Heat & Poison & dissipates nodules; externally contracted Wind Heat 2-5 qian.

Expels

58

Polium Daqinagye (Woad Leaf)

Da Qhg Ye

71

HLS

Clears Heat & detoxifies Fire Poison; Cools Blood; qian - 1 liang.

3

(Big Green

Leaf)

 

59

behtMb usn Baphieaant~(Woad Root)

Ban Lan Gen

71

SLV

Quells Heat, detoxifies Fire Poison & benefits throat; 5 qian - 1 liang.

 

60

Hb. TatffmaciMongoEei cum Radice (Dandelion)

Pun Gong Yhg

721 SV

Clears Heat & detoxifies Fire Poison; Reduces abscesses & dissipates nodules; Promotes lactation; 3 qian - 1 liang.

 

61

Hb, Vio3ae cum Radice (Yedeon's Violet)

ZiHua Di

731W

Clears Heat & detoxifies Fire Poison;

Clears Hot

Ding (Purple

sores; 3 qian - 1 liang.

Flower Earth

Spike)

62 Hb.Baijiamgcao

B1Jiang Cao

731 SAV

Clears Heat & Poisons & expels pus; Invigorates Blood; 3-5 qian.

 

63 Hb. HouMNae Cordaabe

Yu%g

Cao

63 LV

Clears Heat & Poison, reduces swellings & abscesses; Drains Damp Heat; 3 qian - 2 liang.

(Fishy

Smelling

Herb)

64

Wb.Lygodii Japo~ci (Climbing or Japanese

JhSha Teng

72

MU

Fern) Clears Heat & promotes urination; Clears Heat

(Gold Sand

& detoxifies Fire Poison; 3 qian - 2 liang.

Vine)

65

Hb. h&qmpfi ItPanaic~alIa~e

Chuan Xh

71

HL

Clears Heat & debxilies Fire Poison;

3-5 qian.

Herbs 56-65

Lian (Thread

the he^

Lotus)

abscesses;

5 qian - 2 liang.

pain/swelling of wasp sting & snakebite; Also used for

postpartum uterine bleeding;

5 qian - 2 liang.

70

ex,Dictami Dmycmpi Wadicis (Chinese

Baf Ean Pi

741 ES

 

Dittany Root Bark) Clears He&, detoxifies Fire

(White Fresh

Poison; Expels Wind & dries Dampness; Expels Wind Dampness; 2-3 qian.

Bak)

71 RzL@@%c@GBabrae

(glabrous-Greenbeer

- - Tag Fu Lhg

--

N2O-SV

 

- - . --

-

   

-

Rhizome)

Clears Damp Heat Poison;

Clears Damp

Heat from sh;

5 qian - 1 liang.

 

72

Rz.Guan&ong

Guan Zhoxng

71 EV!

Clears Heat & detoxifies Fire Poison; Expels parasites;

(Link the

Stops bleeding; Also used for baldness & head sores; 1-4 qian.

Multitude)

73

Fc. Lmiovftaaerae (Fruiting Body of Puffball)

Ma Bo

N3 L

Clears Heat, detoxifies Fire Poison & benefits throat;

 

Stops bleeding-used topically;

0.5-1.5 qian.

74

b,Sophorae Subprmtratae

Shm DOUGenn

71 HAL

Clears Heat, detoxifies Fire poison & benefits throat;

Also used for Lung Heat cough & jaundice; 1-3 qian. Bean Root)

(Mountain

Herbs 66-44

Treats Sum Heat patterns; Raises gt ckm Yang of

mnner Meat; By fried to Strengthen Spleen;

Clears Summer Meat; Clears Deficiency fevers; Cools

Clears Heat & reduces

ed Aloe Leaf Juice Concentrate)

Herbs 86-89

No-Caraslhes & moistens ]intestines; Nourishes Yk, Clews Heat & promotes healing of sores; 3-5 qian/Upto 1.5 liang as principle herb/Grind before

Moistens Intestines cBr. moves stool;

& reduces edema;

1-3 qian.

Promoles urination

(Constrained

Plum Pit)

Expels water; Expels Phlegm & Congested Fluids;

Expels water by flushing it downwards; Clears Heat &

(Cowherd

Expels intestinal parasites & reduces Stagnation;

Seeds)

1.5-3 qian/5-18 fen used alone.

(Sweet

reduces swelling; 5-10 fen/l-3 fen powdered.

Process)

94 IB.Daphnnes Genhva (Daphne Flower)

Expels fluid; 5-10 fen.

95 &. Eaphorbiae sea Rnoxiae (Peking Spurge

Yuan Hua

-4

721 ELK!

Root) Expels water;

Reduces swelling & dissipates

(Big Lance

nodules; 5-10 fen.

From the

Capital)

96

Rx.Phytolaccae (Poke Root)

Shmg Ln

Expels water thru urethra & anus; Reduces sores &

(Commerce

carbuncles; 1-3 qian.

Continent)

97 Se. ThgXzi (Woods Whitlow Grass Seed)

Directs Qi downward & expels Phlegm; Expls Water

& drains edema;

1.5-3 qian.

Herbs 92-97

Thng Li Zi

4331 LU

Drain Damgmes

98 Sclerotim Poriae Coglos (China-root or

 

h Ling

N20 HEL

Hoden) Promotes urination & leeches out Dampness; Strengthens Spleen & harmonizes Middle Burner; Ransfoms Phlegm; Quiets Heart & calms Spirit; to 2 liang for acute facial edema.

 

99 'H'dglnm (Talcum)

 

Hua Ski.

720

US

Promotes

urination

&

drains Heat from

Bladder;

(Slippery

Clears

Heat

&

releases

Sumer

Heat;

Absorbs

Rock)

Dampness; Expels Damp Heat thruurine; 3-6 qian.

100

Se. Cokh Lacmma-jobi

(Seeds of Job's

Yi Yi Wen

620

ELK

Tears) Promotes urination & leeches out Dampness; Strengthens Spleen & stops diarrhea; Clears Heat & expels pus; Expels Wind Dampness; Clears Damp Heat; Used to &eatplane warts; 3-10 qian.

 

101

Se. Beminewe HkpMae (Wax Gourd Seed)

Dong Gua Ren

72SLAM

Clears Heat, expels Phlegm iiz promotes discharge of

(Winter Melon

pus; Clears Heat & drains Dampness; 1-4 qian.

Seed)

102 CS.MU~OD~

 

MUTOW

61 ww

Promotes urination & drains Heat fromHeart via Small

(Wood with

Intestine; Promotes lactation & unblocks Blood

Holes

Vessels; 1-3 qian.

Through)

103

Md.- Tettrapamacb- - - --.Pagpgeri-

-

-

(Rice Paper

Tomg Cao

720 ES

 

- - -

- - --

-

- - -.-

-

-

Pith) Promotes urination & clears He%- Promotes lactation in cases where it is insufficient or absent; 1-2 qim.

104 M& Junei ERwi (Rush Pith)

@e&ee Herb)

Demg Xkn Cao

720

l.HLM

Fromotes urination & leeches out Dampness; Clears

(Lamp Wick

Heat from Heat Channel; 5-15 fen.

Herb)

105

Hb, Dfanthi (Fringed or Chinese Pink Flower)

Qu Mai

78 I3Um

Clews Heat $ promotes urination; Breaks up Congealed Blood; Promotes stool movement; 1-8 qian.

 

106

Fr. Ko8:Mae Scopadae

(Broom Cypress or

Di Fu Zi

4231.U

Kochia Seeds)

Clears heat & promotes urination;

(Earth Sh

Expels Dampness & stops itching;

2-5 qian.

Seeds)

Drain Dmpmes (Cont'd)

107

Hb. Polygo~iAvicularb (Knotweed)

Bian Xu

71 U

Promotes urination & clears Damp Heat in Bladder; Expels parasites & stops itching; 3-5 qian.

 

108

Po. Pyrrosiae

Shi Wei

6231LU

Clears Heat from Bladder Channel;

Clears Heat &

(Stone Reed)

stops bleeding;

Expels Phlegm & alleviates coughs;

1-3qian/Upto 1liang for severe cases.

109

Se. PILmh~lis(Plantago Seeds)

 

@heQian Zi

720WR

Promotes urination & clears Heat; Clears eyes; Expels

(Beforethe

Phlegm & stops cough;

1.5-3 qian.

 

Cart Seeds)

110

Se. Abut2010.iseu Mdwe (Illusk Mallow Seeds)

Dong Rui Zi

72 UMA

Promotes

urination;

Benefits

breasts;

Moistens

Intestines & moves stool;

2-4 qian.

 

111

Ra,Dimmreae (Fish-PoisonYam Rhizome)

Bei or Bi Xe

N31 UVS

Separates Pure from Turbid; Expels Wind Dampness; Clears Damp Heat from skin; 3-5 qian.

 

112

Hb. Jinqianmo (Jiangsu)

Jim Qian Cao

6331 GLV

Expels stones;

Clears Heat (&. promotes urination;

(Gold Money

Clears Liver

Channel Heat;

Detoxifies Poison &

Herb)

reduces swelling;

5 qian - 1 liang.

113

Hb. Jhqfaxltca~(Guangdcramtag)

Jh ~@~uIo.C~BO

NkO GLV

Expels stones;

Clears Heat & promotes urination;

(Gold Money

Clears Liver

Channel Heat;

Detoxifies Poison &

Herb)

reduces swelling;

5 qian - 1 liang.

114

Hb. Jhqianwo (Sichum)

$11 Qian Cao

N4 GLV

Expels stones; Clears Heat & promotes urination;

(Gold Money

Clears Liver chamel Heat; Detoxifies Poison & reduces swelling; 5 qian - 1 liang.

Herb)

115 Se. Phwo%CaIImrati (Aduki Bean)

Chi Xiao Don

N52 HM

Clears Heat & promotes urination; Disperses

(Dark Red

Congealed Blood, reduces swelling & detox Fire poison; Clears Damp Heat; 3 qian - 1 liang.

LittleBean)

116 Sclero$iimPoIIypcori UrnlbeHaG

Zhu Ling

6N UKE

Promotes urination & leeches out Dampness; qian.

2-5

Herbs 1107-116

Dmin Dampnm

(Ccmt9d)

atis Pla~6eaqaaUicae (Water

Ze Xie

720 MU

Plantain Rhizome) Promotes urination & leeches out Dampness; Drains Kidney Fire; 2-5 qian.

(Marsh Drain)

ll 8 Hb. Artemesjae CapUa*

Uhn Chen Hao

631 GEVS

Clears Damp Heat from Liv & G. Bladder & relieve jaundice; Clears Pleat & Releases Exterior conditions; 3-5 qian/Upto 1liang for serious conditions.

119

histoloc~~tnjiaeseu CoccuU

G~apmg

Ji

7731mE

Expels Wind Dampness; Promotes urination &z reduces

 

edema;

1-3 qian.

120

I&. Skphdae Ta?&mdrae

Han Pang Ji

7311UKE

Promotes wination & reduces edema; Dampness & alleviates pain; 1-3 qian.

Expels Wind

 

121

Hb, LobeEae Chinensb cum Rae

(Chinese

Barn Biam Hriiam

N2 HOLM

Lobelia With Root) Clears Heat & promotes urination;

Cools Blood & detoxifies Poisons;

5 qian - 1 liang.

122 StyIIw Zwce Mays (Cornsilk)

(Half-edged

Lily)

Yu Mli Xu

N% MW

Promotes urination; Benefits Gabl Bladder &z removes

(Jade Wice

jaundice; For Wasting & Thirsting syndrome; 5-10 qian.

Whiskers)

Herbs 117-122

123

Rx.DuItnuo

Expel Whd Dampnm

Dun HU~B

831

KU

Expels Wind Dampness & alleviates Pain;

1-3 qian.

(Self-Reliant

 

Existence)

124 &. Geltll~maeMacrrophyflbe

Qin baa^

N3Jl GVS

Expels Wind Dampness; Removes Deficiency Heat; Removesjaundice; Moistens Intestines & moves stool; 1.54 qian.

125 b.CBemetidb Chhemk

(Chinese Clematis

Wei Ling Xian

843

'EUI

Root)

Expels Wind Dampness,activates Channels &

(Awesome

alleviates pain; Softens & Transforms fish bones; 24

Spiritual

qian/Upto 1 liang to dissolve fish bones.

Immortal)

126 Cx. EryItbhae Vadegatae

Hai Tong Pi

731 KEV

Expels Wind Dampness & activates Channels;

(Sea Paulownia

Promotes urination & reduces edema; Treats itching skin lesions; Also used for toothache from dental caries; 2-5 qian.

Bark)

127 Fr.Chaenomefis Lagenasae (Chinese Quince)

Comforts sinews & activates Channels;

Stomach & Transforms Dampness; 1.54 qian.

Harmonizes

MU Gua

wood Melon)

85-EV

128

Ex. Bombgck Morf (Silkworm Feces)

 

Cam Sha

832EVS

Expels Wind

Dampness;

Harmonizes

Stomach

&r.

Transforms turbid Dampness;

3-5 qian.

 

129

RR. Moi Mbae (Mulberry Twigs)

Sang Zhi

721

V

Expels Wind & activates Channels;

5 qian - 2 liang.

 

130

Cx.Acanthopanads Radick

Wun Jia 33

83 VK

Expels Wind Dampness & strengthens sinews ek;bones;

(Bark of Five

Transforms Dampness $t reduces swelling; qian.

1.5-5

Additions)

131

R.XantM (Cocklebur Fruit)

Cang Err Zi

821LV!

Opens nasal passages;

Disperses

Wind

&

expels

(DeepGreen

Dampness; Expels Exterior Wind; 1-5-3qian.

Ear Seeds)

132

HI$.Siqesbeckiae Orfenhk (Siegeshckia)

Xi a

71 KEV

Expels Wind Dampness & strengthens sinews; Cahs Spirit; Clears Heat & pacifies Liver; Transforms Damp Heat; 2 qian - 1 liang.

Herbs 123-132

Expel Wind Dmpn~?trji~~

(ConE9d)

Lno Shi Teng

61 VK

Jasmine Stem) Expels Wind Dampness &r; activates

(Wrap-

Channels; Cools Blood & reduces abscesses; 2-5

Around-Stone

qian.

Vine)

134

Cs,Pipenis

Hd Peng Teng

83'11VK

Expels

Wd

Dampness

&

activates

Channels;

(Sea Wind

Disperses Cold & alleviates pain; 3-5 qian.

Vine)

135 Wz.Homalomenae Occnltte

i

in Jim

8321VK

Expeb Wind Dampness B sbrengthens sinews & bones;

(Thousand

1.5-3 qian.

Years of

Health)

136 0s Tigris (Tiger Bone)

Hu Gu

832WK

Disperses Wind Cold & strengthens sinews & bones; Expels Wind Dampness; 3-5 qian.

137

Agb$lPodonseu Bungam (Multibanded Krait)

Bai Hua She

Powerfully activates Channels & extinguishes Wind;

(White

Expels Wind from skin; Expels Wind fiom sinews;

Patterned

8-15 fen.

Snake)

138 Zawys Dhumadw (Black-Striped Snake)

Wu $ha0 She

842EV!

N42 EV

Activates Channels &

extirmguishes Wind;

Expels

(Black-Striped

Wind from sk, Expels Wind from sinews; 1-3

Snake)

@!!!1 (11i?!l~we_~5!:_

-

- --

-

--

- -. - - -

--

-

--

-

139

Ps.Serpent& (Snake Sh Slough)

She Tui

N42V

Expels Wind 8 stops spasms; Removes superficial visual obstruction; 5-10 fen decocted/1-2 fen powdered.

 

14) W. Thqome Sinemis

Kuan JhTeng

71

V

Expels Wind Dampness B relaxes sinews; Relaxes

(Vine that

sinews 8 activates Channels; 5 qian - 1liang.

Loosens the

Sinews)

141

Lipurn Phi Ndi (Ignotty Pine Wood)

Song Jie

81

VK

Expels Wind & dries Dampness;

3-5 qian.

Trrmfom PMqm and Stop

Coxbg

Cool and Trmform Hot Phlegm

142

Rx.Peece&~

Qlian Hn

631 LE

Redirects Qidownward & expels Phlegm;

Release

(Before

Exterior Wind; 1.5-3 qian.

Barbarians)

143 Bun. Mmaiae Ckrho~e

Chwn Bei Mu

628H&

Clears Heat & Transforms Phlegm;

Clears Heat $t

(Sichuan Shell

dissipates nodules; 1-4 qian.

Mother)

144

Bu.W~MarheThunbergilli

ZheBeiMu

71

SVLT

Clears Br; Transforms Hot Phlegm;

Clears Heat &

(Zhejiang Shell

dissipates nodules; 1.5-3 qian.

Mother)

145

Fr. Tdchomnt&

Gum Lou

721 SAIL

Clears Heat & Transforms Hot Phlegm; Unbinds Q1 in

 

chest & dissipates nodules;

3 qian - 1 liang.

146

Se.Tricho~altfGs

GuaLouRen

72$A&

Clears Br; Transforms Hot Phlegm; Unbinds Qi in chest; Moistens Intestines; Promotes healing of sores; 3-4 qian.

 

147

Rx.Tdehosmthb

Tiaa Hua Rn

65231LS

Quells Heat & generates Fluid; Detoxifies Poison &

(Heavenly

expels pus; 3-5 qian.

Flower

Powder)

148

Conaacretio SWea Bambmae (Tabasheer)

Tim Zhu

72 VGH

Clears Br; Transforms Hot Phlegm;

Cools Heart &

Humg

stops convulsions; 1-4 qian.

(Heavenly

Barnboo

Yellow)

149 Sn. Bmbwe (Dried Bamboo Sap)

ZInuLi

72 ES

Clears Heat, Transforms Phlegm & penetrates into Channels; Transforms Hot Phlegm & alleviates

coughing;

1-21iang13-5 qian for cough.

150

Cs. Bmbwe h Taenillis (Bamboo Shavings)

ZPEaa RE

62

LSG

Clears & Transforms Hot Phlegm; Clears Heat & stops

 

vomiting; Cools Blood & stops bleeding;

1.5-3qian.

151

Pumice (Pumice)

Fun Hai Shi

74

LK

Clears Heat from Lungs Br; expels Hot Phlegm; Softens hardness & dissipates Phlegm nodules; Promotes urination; 3-5 qian.

(Float on the Sea Stone)

Trmform PMem adSbp Cougmg

and n8mfB"Om

(Ct~nt~d)

152 Co. CgcDhae Sinemis (Clam Shell)

Clears H[eat,redirects Lung Qi downwards & Transforms Phlegm; Softens hardness & dissipates nodules; Promotes urination & rids Dampness; In powdered form for Stomach acid & pain; 2-5 qian.

153 Th. Algae (Kelp Stalk)

Rduces Phlegm nodules; qim.

Reduces swehg;

1.5-5

154 Hb, Sarg&

(Seaweed)

Clears Heat & reduces Phlegm nodules;

1.5-5 qian.

155 Se. SterenIlaeSeapuerae

Opens up Lung Qi & clears Heat from Lungs; Moistens Intestines; Encowages rashes to come to surface; 1.5-3 qianJ3-5pieces.

I56 CaReuln~sMacacae Mulathe

(Macaque

Gallstone) Expels Phlegm h stops spasms;

Heat & detoxifiesFire Poison; 2-5 fen powdered.

Clears

157 Hb, EuphorbQe Helliioscopiae

1-5 qian.

I Transfoms Phlegm & dissipates nodules;

I hation (lr. reduces edema;

Hd Ge Ke

N41HLK

Knn Bn

74 LES

Pang DaHai

(platBig Sea)

(Monkey

Jujube)

Ze Qi

631 LAME!

I I

Promotes 1 (Marsh

I Lacquer)

Sof~nshadass & dissipates nodules; Cools Blood-& - stops bleeding; Rduces h detoxifies Poisonous swellings; 1-3 qian.

- -fl-eUow - ---

Medicine)

-

--

-

Herbs 152-2158

Tmmfom PMegm md Stop Cow~ng

Warm ad Tmdom Cold

PMem

159 Rz. fielliae Ternahe

Dries Dampness, Transforms Phlegm & causes Rebellious Qi to descend; Harmonizes ST 1%- stops vomiting; Dissipates nodules and reduces distension; 1.54 qian.

Ban Xa

(Half Summer)

160 Wz.kbematb @z. of Jack-in-the-pulpit)

Ti8n Nm %g

83

ES!

831 Em!

Dries Dampness & expels Phlegm; Disperses Wind

(Star of

Phlegm in Channels; Reduces swelling 1%- alleviates

Southern

pain; 0.8-3 qian.

Heavens)

161 Rz. TmJtaod Gkantei seun Rx.Aconiti core^

Expels Wind & Cold Dampness & alleviates pain; Expels Wind Phlegm & resolves spasms; 0.5-2 qian.

162

hula@

Bai Paa Zi

(White

Appendage)

Xuan Fun Hua

Redirects Qi downward & expels Phlegm; Stops

(Revolved

vomiting & calms rebellion; 1.54qian.

Upturned

Rower)

163

h.et Rz. CpancKi Shuntmi

Bd Qian

Redirects Qi downwards ek expels Phlegm; gian.

1.5-3

(White Before)

832VS!

8331 ELVS

832L

164

Se. Shapiabae (White Mustard Seed)

 

Bai Jie Zli

83

LS

Expels Phlegm

&

circulates

&

warms

Lung

Qi;

Dissipates nodules, reduces swelling & alleviates pain;

 

1-3 qian.

 

165

&. Platycodi

GrmdaorlPf

(Balloon mower

 

Jfe Geng

N31LS

Root) Circulates Lung Qi & expels Phlegm; Promotes

 

discharge of pus;

Benefits throat;

Directs effect of

other herbs upwards; 1-3 qian.

 

166

Pr. Gledibiae Shewis

(Chinese

 

Zao Bao

8331

AL

Honeylocust Fruit) Disperses & expels Phlegm; Opens orifices & awakens Spirit; As a suppository, moves stool 1%- expels roundworms; 5-10 fen powdered.

Herbs 159-166

(Soap Thorn)

169

IFQ.Tus2qgii Farfame (Coltsfoot Flower)

 

KuamDong

83

L

Redirects Qi downward $t stops coughing;

0.5-3

Hua elc come

qian.

Win& Rower)

170

R. PeriUae mubsen&

(Purple Perilla

Sn Zii

83

AIL

Fruit) Allev cough $1: wheezingjedirects Qi down $1:

dissolvesPhlegm; Moistens Intestines; 1.5-3 qian.

171

Fo. ErPobdrgae Japo~cae(Loquat Leaf)

Pi Pa Ye

61 %S

Expels Phlegm, clears Lung Heat $1: redirects Lung Qi down; Harmonizes Stomach,cleass Stomach Heat & redir. Stomach Qi down; 1.54 qiad-10 qian if used fresh.

 

172

&. Stemonae (S temona Root)

Bd Bn

821L

Moistens Lungs & alleviates couglh; Expels parasites

(Hundred

&

kills lice;

1-3 qianll-2 liang for pinworms.

Units)

173