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Marine Fluid Power Application

Ship Hull Machineries


Deck machineries Steering gear Steering thrust device Stabilizing device

Objective
Learning Objective: Know the basic design features and functions of various marine auxiliary machinery Specific Objectives: !ecognize the various names and locations o" au#iliar$ machiner$ "ound on board Sketch a t$pical h$draulic s$stem Describe the basic operation o" the machiner$ %denti"$ the main parts o" the machiner$ Sketch and label the main parts

%ntroduction
Hull machiner$& deck machiner$ '( independent power e)uipment drive not related to machiner$ space and propulsion* Steering gears Anchor windlass+ ,inches -cargo+ topping+ vang+ mooring+ accommodation+ ladder+ boat winches. /ranes+ /aptains+ elevators+ dumbwaiters+ conve$or+ 0scalators+ bow thruster Active "ins stabilizer

%ntroduction
Design "ollows standards machine design which are adapted "or marine environment and ship board re)uirement* Design o" hull machineries re)uired cooperation "rom marine engineer and naval architecture* 1$pes o" drive Steam' minimum "ire hazard+ rugged and simple 2ackdrop insulation 0lectric H$draulic

Drive ' Steam


Simple + rug+ eas$ to maintain Minimum "ire hazard' no sparking Steam main %nsulation Automation /ontrol reliabilit$

Drive ' 0lectrical


D/ is pre"erred' multiple motor speeds !esidual power dissipation through rheostat Saving "or use o" A/' re)uired power electronics s$stem

Open 3oop S$stem


The system takes oil from the tank and pumps it into the hydraulic motor. A control valve is positioned in parallel with the motor->When it is open, the motor is stationary; when it is throttled or closed the motor will operate.

Open 3oop S$stem


The exhaust oil returns to the tank ommonly used in low pressure system !imple in desi"n as well as relia#le.

Open 3oop S$stem

/losed 3oop S$stem


The exhaust oil does not "o #ack to the oil tank- $ence closed system. %eturned directly to the pump suction. !uita#le for medium pressure system in marine application.

/losed 3oop S$stem

/entralized H$draulic Power S$stem

H$draulic S$stems

/entralized H$draulic Power S$stem


/entralized h$draulic are common in large tanker '( sa"et$ limitation limit electrical and steam installation De"icienc$ lie on s$stem cleanliness and venting work as well as compatibilit$ o" "unction Accessibilit$ "or "lushing and Avoidance o" pockets and voids that will tend to collect "oreign material *

Design consideration ' H$draulic


Possible arrangement o" centralized h$draulic s$stems4 5* 2ower anchor windlass and "orward mooring e)uipment on one s$stem 6* /argo+ topping + vang wing and hatch cover on one s$stem* 7* All hull material e#cept + the steering gear on the same s$stem %n 8 and 5 the pumping units will be located closed to the driven e)uipments where as in 6 the main will be log and the pump will be located in the engine room* *

Design consideration ' H$draulic


1he steering gear is le"t out in 6 because o" small "raction o" power need and the it availabilit$ in case o" de"ective h$draulic h$draulic line 0nvironmental consideration 9 most hull material are located where the$ cannot be heated* Fluid tank heating

Design consideration ' H$draulic


/orrosion resistance piping : Hull thickness allowance "or corrosion ;auge snubber '( avoid pulsating pressure Sump capacit$' 88<percent o" the oil volume Strainer Filter "luid cleanliness indicator

Design re)uirement 'Mechanical


0)uipment subject to use under seawa$ Pitch o" 8< deg -bow up or bow down. Permanent trim o" = deg b$ bow or stern A roll o" 6< deg -each side. Permanent list o" 8= deg -either side. '( probabilit$ o" one event at a time '( driving and driven e)uipment on same bedplate' otherwise deck de"lection allowance should be assigned*

Design re)uirement 'Mechanical


2earing that will be subject to high impact like the wild cat o" winch '( good grade bronze %nterior should be sand blasted+ cleaned and gasket maintenance access is should be provided* >o compromise should be made on strength* >o compromise "rom strength+ calculation adjustment is allow to compensate "rom intermittent

Design re)uirement 'Mechanical


!eduction gear should be totall$ enclosed and provided with oil bath lubrication+ with means "or "illing+ draining+ and measuring the lubricant level in accordance with standards* At design stage+ thus allowance can be seized on advantage derived "rom intermittent usage* ,ear load "actor that can be assigned is shown below* 3oad capabilit$ should be given care"ul anal$sis

Design re)uirement 90lectrical


0)uipments4 Drip roo" or watertight protection -: automatic drainage "itting. ?entilated 2earing 9( lubricated and sealed Sound brake '( 5<<@ o" normal operating load Hand release mechanic to handle emergenc$ situation* 3imit switch should rugged master switch could be sprig loaded "or voluntar$ release Overvoltage and under voltage Provision o" heater D/ over A/ '( s$stem response

Anti "riction should be at location subject to wear+ positive alignment + minimum lost motion ie+ motor bearing steering gear control assembl$+ worm wheel sha"t+ mooring tension sensing assembl$* piping '"le#ibilit$ re)uire "or h$draulic s$stemA air trapping avoidance '(watertight on deck motor and deep proo" under the deck motor '(Motors' sleeve and anti"riction t$pes