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Application of Green Technology in Enhancing Sustainable Food Production in the ASEAN Region

Abd Shukor bin Abd Rahman (Datuk,Dr) Chairman, Arif Efektif Sdn Bhd (A Subsidiary of All Cosmos Bio-Tech Holding Corporation)
ASEAN Regional Conference on Food Security 2013

8-10 October 2013, Bayview Hotel, Georgetown, Penang

Green technology is not green revolution

Application of one or more combination of scientific methods to investigate and conserve the natural environment and resources, usually in a much more eco-friendly manner with absentia or judicious use of chemicals.

Criteria of Green Technology


It minimizes the degradation of the environment It has a zero or low green house gases (GHG) It is safe for use and promotes healthy and improved environment for all forms of life It conserves the use of energy and natural resources It promotes the use of renewable resources

Status of Green Technology Research in Malaysia

Current activities 1. Biofertilizer 2. Biopesticides 3. Biocontrols 4. Precision Farming 5. Agro Waste Management 6. Renewable Energy 7. Organic Farming

Emphasis Effective microbes

Microbial consortium bio-fertiliser for sustainable agriculture

Biological Nitrogen Fixation


1. Involves two processes, stabilization and biological nitrogen fixation (BNF) 2. BNF uses ecologically isolated and stable free-living nitrogen fixers that thrive in compost 3. The nitrogen fixers exist in the form of cysts and are stable for long periods.

Solid media for cultures

Granulated biofertilizer

Microbial pesticides; bacteria, fungus, virus, phage Botanical; native & introduced spp Biocontrol agents

Novelty: Stable NPV Advantages: Room Temp. storage Longer shelf life Added with UV protectant

Crude/Semipurified NPV S. litura

Formulated NPV S. litura

Spodoptera litura

Spodoptera exigua

Plutella xylostella

The utilization of indigenous fungus isolated from naturally infected barnyard grass and the usage of recycled oil palm product as the ingredients in the formulation.
Exserohilum sp. isolate B22a (1125)

12 isolates of phage (P36, P45, P47, P71, P72, P630, P631, P482, P483, P459, P535 and P536) caused inhibition growth of R. solanacaerum

Tomato plants inoculated with bacteriophages

The lysis activities of bacteriophages against Ralstonia solanacearum on agar plate

Wilting of tomato plants without inoculation with bacteriophages


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Waste

Developed from chrysanthemum discards from flower packaging houses and from the field. Designed to substitute the expensive imported Peat Grow media for raise nursery seedlings. Developed via proprietary composting process with additional plant nutrient.

aerobic fermentation

Importance of RE
Energy

from biomass account for more than 90% the RE potential in Malaysia economy. significantly to the national

Contribute

If

RE can sustain 5% share in electricity generation, Malaysia can save RM2.8 billion over 20 years period perspective, RE contributed net reduction of million tons of CO2

Environmental

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RE activities in Malaysia
Biogas production technology from animal slurry
Solar drying Pyrolysis technologies to produce biochar for energy or soil amendments R & D on biofuel from Jatropha

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The structure uses solar radiation to dry the products naturally Heat energy from the sun is trapped by the plastic sheet Temperature inside the dryer rise by about 20oC, reducing RH by 40%

Purpose - dry agricultural and food products.

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Alternative energy from agriculture waste


Liquid: palm oil methyl ester (biodiesel) Solid: palm shell, EFB, fibres, fronds and trunk Gas:POME
Palm Shell

Empty Fruit Bunch

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Alternative energy from agriculture waste


Rice husk and straw Integrated development within the sites of rice mills Incinerated to produce heat or steam to generate electric

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Crop establishment /requirement and timing of input application Nutrient budgeting (input and output) Improve water quality

Improve yields Prevent wastage Mechanization

Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV)

UAV fitted with digital camera


Coverage 4,000 ha/day (RM3.00/ha) Management of inhomogenous crop growth, nutrient deficiency, pest / disease infestation21

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ALL COSMOS BIO-TECH HOLDING CORPORATION (ACSB)


ARIF EFEKTIF SDN BHD
(A Subsidiary R&D Company Of ACSB)

R & D Capabilities
Malaysian Agricultural Research & Development Institute (MARDI) Paddy, Vegetables, Bacteriophages
Adding disease control function in our current fertilizer to reduce usage of pesticide.

Malaysia Palm Oil Board (MPOB)


Successfully developed for Oil Palm, improved bio-organic fertilizer approved and recognized by MPOB

Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)


Developing Nitrogen Fixing bacteria to reduce chemical waste to environment

Malaysian Rubber Board


Developing bio-agricultural product for Rubber usage
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R & D Capabilities
Malaysian Pepper Board (MPB)
Adding disease control function and nematode control in our current fertilizer.

Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)


Develop advanced composting technique with used of microbes and value added compost end product with better and multiple function.

National Chung Hsing University of Taiwan


Technology transfer in various field.

Shandong Academy of Agriculture Sciences


Developing bio-agricultural product with disease control
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Isolation of Beneficial Microbes

Isolation N-fixing bacteria from peanut root nodules

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Isolation of Beneficial Microbes

Isolation of beneficial microorganisms from soil

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Purification of samples

Purification of Psolubilizing bacteria on PVK agar plate

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Cultivation in 1500-L bioreactor

Scale-up of process for high cell density cultivation in 1500-L stirred tank bioreactor

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Product Formulation
Product/prototype formulation at factory facility

Bio-Compaction Product
Integrating Organic and In-organic Nutrients As Fertilizer In Paddy & Oil Palm Plantation

Our latest collaboration with Malaysian Palm Oil Board for Oil Palms disease prevention

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OUR RANGE OF PRODUCTS

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Green Technology Sustain Food Security Through


Judicious

use of synthetic pesticides and fertiliser


Application

Management
Good

of Integrated Pest

Agricultural Practices crop rotation, used of bio-based products, soil conservation

Use

of insect/disease resistant crop varieties of high yielding crop varieties water management

Use

Proper

Efficient

use of agric inputs


of renewable energy

Utilisation

Green Technology plays an important role for enhancing food security and environmentally sustainable agriculture Several new technologies in biofertilizers, biopesticide, bioherbicide, organic agriculture, waste management, precision farming and renewable energy have been developed and adopted Global initiatives to promote application of Green Technology and sustainable production. APEC Ministerial Meeting on Food Security Kazan Declaration, Russia, 2011 UN Conference on Sustainable Production Rio + 20 Declaration, Brazil, 2012

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Current Scenario of Farming Practices


High fertilizer application High pesticide & herbicide application Decline in soil fertility Ground & surface water pollution Insect/disease resistant to pesticides Destruction of bio-diversity and beneficial species

Government policies supporting food security and greening of farming systems

National Green Technology

Policy
National Food and Agro Policy

Potential biogas energy


Palm Oil Mill Effluent as Gaseous Fuel

POME

PONDS & TANK DIGESTER

United Plantations POME TREATMENT SYSTEM

GAS ENGINE

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