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Protection and control

Smart earth leakage protection

Smart earth leakage protection


Contenido
WGC
Earth leakage transformres WGC Series P1-13

WG
WG Series Earth Leakage transformers P1-14

RG1M
Electronic earth leakage relay with external transformer of the WG / WGC Series P1-15

RGE / RGE-R
Electronic earth leakage relay with external transformer of the WG / WGC Series P1-17

RGU-10 / RGU-10 C
Electronic earth leakage relay with external transformer of the WG / WGC Series P1-19

Earth leakage monitoring and signaling unit of the external transformer of the WG / WGC Series P1-21

CBS-4 / CBS-4 C CBS-8 WGP

Earth leakage monitoring and signaling unit of the external transformer of the WG / WGP Series P1-23

Earth leakage Transformers of the WGP Series (only for CBS-8) P1-25

WRU-10
Rel diferencial con transformador incorporado con display (tipo A) P1-26

WRU
Earth leakage relay with built-in transformer (type A) P1-28

WGBU
Transformer with built-in earth leakage relay P1-30

WRN-22
Earth leakage relay with built-in transformer P1-33

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Industrial earth leakage protection

Smart earth leakage protection


The "protection" and "continuity" of the electrical power supply are two terms that must not be separated if we wish to guarantee the safety of users and electrical installations. The recent addition of receivers or loads that generate distortion in the electricity grid (speed variators, electronic startup units, computer equipment, lighting with electronic ballasts, etc.) has made necessary the use of protection systems that can distinguish between defects in the installation and the electrical alterations that cause the unwanted tripping of protection systems. The new range of earth leakage protection products offers state-of-the-art performance to guarantee the continuity and safety requirements:
}} Monitoring in true root mean square. }} High frequency filtering }} Inverse curve delay (instantaneous

and selective) }} Adjustment of the nominal sensitivity trigger }} Display of the fault current (monitoring of protection systems) Monitoring the status of protections allows us to do the following in the electrical installation:
}} Analyse the insulation conditions. }} Preventive and corrective mainte-

1 P. /2
SAFETY OF PERSONS AND MATERIALS

nance. }} Reduce production downtime. Decrease maintenance costs. Quick location of faults.

4 earth leakage protection methods


Immunised protection Monitoring Remote control Reset

SAFETY OF PERSONS AND MATERIALS

POWER SUPPLY

CONTINUITY ELECTRICAL

Immunised protection

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Industrial earth leakage protection

Definition
When the earth leakage protection system detects a fault current, it acts on the electrical installation being protected, opening the circuit while interrupting the supply of electrical energy, thus preventing the danger of electrocution for persons when the fault current reaches dangerous values, either as a result of direct or indirect contact, including any potential damage caused to goods and materials. An earth leakage protection system is composed of three clearly different parts:
}} Detecting element or sensor }} Relay }} Circuit breaker

ceived by the sensor and either sends the trigger signal to the associated circuit breaker or not, depending on the sensitivity and delay time values programmed. Circuit breaker: This element acts as the current interrupting element. It can be a circuit breaker (with trigger coil), a contact, etc. These three elements can be found in CIRCUTOR's products with different configurations:
}} All elements separately }} Relay with internal transformer

Detecting element or sensor: Current transformer that detects the earth leakage current of active conductors in an installation, sending a proportional signal to the relay. It can have a toroidal or rectangular geometry, depending on the arrangement of plates or the wiring of the installation location. The correct operation of the sensor requires the path of capacitors to be as perfectly aligned as possible. Relay: Smart protection element. It measures and treats the signal re-

Immunised earth leakage protection


Nowadays, "sympathy" or unwanted triggers are quite common in modern installations. In these cases, one or more earth leakage switches are triggered simultaneously, protecting an installation from the leakage currents sent to earth as a result of capacitive effects caused by the installation. Said capacitive effects can explained by two reasons:
}} The installation's cables cause earthing condensation effects. The longer the cable, the greater the capacity effect }} The capacitors of EMI filters in the equipment with electronic power regulation

The different loads or consumption of an installation can be classified in two main groups, depending on the type of insulation from earth:

Loads with no earthed capacitors


The insulation existing between the unit and the earthing elements can be represented with a pure Ohmic resistance. If the resistance is not high enough, no current will pass through the earthing elements. The leakage current is zero (current passing to earth under normal conditions). In case there is an insulation fault, current will pass through earthing elements, the so-called fault earthed current, Id.

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Industrial earth leakage protection

In this case, we must simply adjust the sensitivity and delay time to guarantee the adequate protection.

Loads with earthed capacitors


The current passes through the earthing elements as a result of the unit's operations through its capacitors. In addition, the length of cables in an electrical installation can lead to capacitive earthing faults, which would lead to this situation. The current can be injected with two methods: Permanent Leakages. The unit injects current in the earthing elements permanently. This type of behaviour is closely tied to the use of EMI filters, which are installed in most machines or loads with electronic power regulation, in order to comply with the electromagnetic compatibility directives. This type of filter prevents the high frequency distortion generated by the receiver from being returned to the grid. However, it is transferred through the earthing capacitors. It also transfers indirectly the fundamental frequency and

its corresponding harmonics, so that the leakage is usually a set of overlapping high and low frequency signals. Therefore, it increases the risk of an earth leakage trip with no real earth leakage current. Transient Leakages. It has the same capacitive effects of cables and the filters mentioned above for transient overvoltages caused by grid switching effects, the connection-disconnection of circuits or effects that are simply caused by atmospheric agents. In case of loads with earthed capacitors, the basic problem for the protection of the system is to distinguish which earthed current is part of the unit's operation and which is part of an insulation defect. Electromechanical earth leakage relays do not usually solve these situations.

The immunised earth leakage protection offered by CIRCUTOR has evolved in relation to five factors, in order to satisfy the needs of our customers, catering for the current demand as regards the safety and continuity of the supply of electricity:
}} MEASUREMENT IN TRUE ROOT MEAN SQUARE (TRMS) AND CLASS A }} IMMUNE TO TRANSIENT LEAKAGES }} HIGH FREQUENCY FILTERING }} ADJUSTMENT OF THE TRIGGER OF In }} INVERSE CURVE

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Industrial earth leakage protection

Measurement in TRMS and Class A


The voltage and current wave shapes have stopped being complete sine waves since the loads distributed in the installations are not linear. The continuous and harmonic components can distort the wave shapes, whereby it will be necessary to take more accurate measurements. The current range of electronic earth leakage switches measures the rootmean-square-value (TRMS) of leakage currents by sampling it. The wave shapes in installations with linear resistive loads are pure sinewaves. However, the figure shows how the mean value will not work to measure the root-mean-square-value with accuracy when it stops being a complete sine-wave. In accordance with these problems, the IEC 61008-1 Earth Leakage Switch Standard determines the types of operation, depending on the type of wave. Two types are defined, Class AC and Class A. CLASS AC The earth leakage devices used in domestic installations or that protect loads that do not cause distortions can be of the AC Type. These devices are marked with a symbol, in compliance with the IEC 61008-1 Standard.

CLASS A In the presence of non-linear receivers, Type A earth leakage protection systems must be used, which means that rectified currents can be measured with a continuous component of up to 6 mA, including non-distorted currents (AC type), marked by the corresponding IEC 61008-1 Standard.

Immunity against transient leakages


The IEC 61008-1 Standard defines two types of ray-type curves to check the correct operation of an earth leakage device: an overload and an overvoltage wave. The overload wave shows the effects caused in the measurement of the earth leakage device and the overvoltage wave shows the effects in the power supply. The behaviour of earth leakage protection units in the case of transient overloads and overvoltages is vital to maintain the continuity in the supply of electricity. Therefore, the immunised earth leakage protection relays manufactured by CIRCUTOR can support very high peaks.

Current: Curve 8 / 20 s: 5 kA Voltage: Curve 1.2 / 50 s: 4 kV

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Industrial earth leakage protection

High-frequency current
The IEC 479-1 / UNE 20-572-92 Standard describes the effects of currents passing through the human body for a frequency of 50 Hz. As you can see, the effect depends on the root-meansquare-value of the current passing through the body and the time it takes to pass through. In accordance with the effects, we can establish zones 1 (zone with no perception) and 2 (perception zone) as safe work zones. Therefore, in terms of the protection of persons, earth leakage protection systems must act on those zones. When the frequency increases, the curves are displaced to the right of the previous graph, which indicates that the current is less dangerous.See the table attached, in accordance with IEC 4792/ UNE 20-572-93, where a fault current of, for example, 45 mA at 500 Hz has the same effect as a fault current of 30 mA at 50 Hz. In the case of receivers with EMI filters, we can consider that these inject a high-frequency earthed current (>2 kHz) and a low frequency current. The use of type A earth leakage protection systems is specified in these cases.

Frequency factor Ff

Frequency f

a. Perception threshold b. "No-drop" threshold c1 / c2 / c3. Fibrilation threshold

Delay time

1. No perception 2. Perception 3. Reversible effects. Muscle tetany 4. Potentially irreversible effects

Sensitivity

Adjustments of In
The IEC 61008-1 Standard specifies that earth leakage switches must be triggered when the fault earthed current is between 50% and 100% of the sensitivity value (In) selected. This means that the values that exceed 50% can set off the earth leakage switch trigger. This type of case is common with electromechanical switches. In the case of electrical energy installations, these have evolved in such a way that the adjustment of protection can cause great problems, since it is too low. The electronic earth leakage protection systems offered by CIRCUTOR determine the trigger near 100 % of In. Therefore, we have a lower risk of triggers and less interruptions in the installation's supply than when the fault current is lower than In.
Fault earthed current Id

100 % In

The following graphs show that with an identical evolution of the fault earthed current in the same installation, the behaviour of the earth leakage switch is different, even when the sensitivity level of In is the same in both cases. This adjustment of In allows us to concentrate more loads that incorporate earthed capacitors within the same line being protected. For example, in a computer installation: Each unit diverts a current, Ileakage, of 2 mA through the EMI filter capacitors included. At a sensitivity of (In) 30 mA, you can install 7 computers with the electromechanical earth leakage switches. However, if you use CIRCUTOR's electronic switches you can install a total of 12.

50 % In

Time, t

100 % In Fault earthed current Id 85 % In

Time, t

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Industrial earth leakage protection

Inverse curve
The IEC 61008-1 Standard allows us to incorporate a circuit opening delay for the circuit being protected, which will depend on the leakage current level. Therefore, the greater the fault current, the lower the delay. Two types of curves are specified, as shown on the following table of values:
t

Type

Instantaneous

Selective

In (A)

All values

> 0,03

Standardised operating time values (s)

In

0,3

0,5

2 . In

0,15

0,2

}} Instantaneous }} Selective

5 . In

0,04

0,15

Id In

The application of these curves to our earth leakage systems can be used to increase the continuity in the installation's power supply and avoid unwanted trips.

500 A

0,04

0,15

Maximum

Monitoring protection elements


The leakage current value must be available at all times in many applications. This information is quite useful for the installation's preventive and corrective maintenance tasks, since we can act before triggers are set off. For example, if the insulation degree of a machine is reduced, the earth leakage current increases, and since we have the said information, we can implement the appropriate corrective actions to avoid the trigger from being set off. The idea is to integrate the earth leakage currents in the installation's energy control system, thus controlling an additional quantity. Depending on the type of product, the information can be presented as follows:
}} In the earth leakage relay, through the display. }} Through the RS-485 communications system. }} With an auxiliary measurement unit.

In addition, records and logs of the insulation behaviour of the installation can be taken.

Remote control and reset


In the case of earth leakage protection systems in installations that require a continuous supply of energy, with no maintenance staff present, the remote control and reset (or self-reclosing) functions are very useful. Remote control functions can be carried out through communications systems (RS-485, Ethernet, etc.), using the PowerStudio Scada software. This function can control the status of protection systems and perform a set of actions through a computer and communications systems.

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Industrial earth leakage protection

Earth leakage protection systems with self-reclosing


Given the current efficient personal and material protection requirements and obligations, and the complexity of some installations that require the continuous supply of electrical energy with the use of overload and earth leakage protection systems, CIRCUTOR has developed a wide range of units that make safety and service continuity compatible. Self-reclosing systems are an ideal solution for installations that need a constant supply of electrical energy, without the need for the usual maintenance staff:
}} Rural installations }} Refrigeration chambers }} Public lighting }} Mobile telephony repeaters }} Traffic lights }} Lighting of tunnels }} ATMs }} Cable television }} Etc.

The type of protection element installed, those that can be reclosed and under which reclosing conditions must be known by all self-reclosing systems. Self-reclosing systems act in accordance with the following:
}} Earth leakage current (earth leakage) }} Earth leakage current (earth leakage) + overload and short-circuit (circuit breaker).

Elements that form an self-reclosing system


RELAY Treatment of the signal, measurement and trigger CIRCUIT BREAKER monitored

TRANSFORMER

Earth leakage transformer


The earth leakage transformer detects the earth leakage. It can be built-in on a relay or as an external element.

Circuit breaker
The circuit breaker always interrupts the flow of power, which supports the power in the line protected and is an external element of the relay. The circuit breakers that can be associated to self-reclosing relays are as follows:
}} Motorized circuit breaker (MT) }} Contact circuit breaker with remote

Self-reclosing relay
Self-reclosing relays add a series of performance features (self-reclosing, thermal or overload protection) to the proven reliability and security of non-reclosing earth leakage protection relays. It performs the following functions:
}} Detection of anomalies (earth leakage or overload) through the signal generated by the transducer. }} They analyse the anomaly to see if it

control (MCB), with a dual circuit breaker and contact function (the function of the contact is bistable). Features of the circuit breaker:
}} Nominal current (in contacts) }} Nominal current and thermal protec-

must generate an alarm, depending on the parameters programmed.


}} They also act on power elements, which perform the grid load connectiondisconnection tasks.

tion curve (in circuit breakers) }} Features of the control inputs of the operational element }} Circuit-breaking power }} Auxiliary NO or NC signalling of the circuit breaker's status

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Industrial earth leakage protection

Parameters related to self-reclosing relays


Relay status indicator
The indications are associated to the type of protection, distinguishing between instantaneous triggers and interlockings. The indications are sent by the relay (LED) and, optionally, by auxiliary contacts. Another type of visualisation, depending on the relay, is the instantaneous trigger value and the number of total reclosures. ON position. This is when the reset timer of the reclosing meter will be set off. The RESET option starts the relay, resetting the reclosing meters.

Local (with the keys) and remote test and reset


Self-reclosing earth leakage relays offer the same performance as non-reclosing relays. It enables the verification of the correct operation of the relay with local TEST and RESET functions, using the keys on the relay, including remote functions with specific inputs. The RESET option resets the relay and the reclosing meters.

Nominal trigger point of protections


Standard values:
}} Earth leakage protection 30 mA - 3 A }} Overload protection 6 A - 63 A

Timer (delay)
Minimum time that the earth leakage must last before setting off a relay trigger. Standard values: 20 ms - 1s.

Number of reclosures, distinguished by type and number of self-reclosing


Each relay enables a maximum number of reclosures before setting off the interlocking. The meter will be reset automatically if the maximum number of reclosures is not exceeded within a preestablished period of time (reset time of reclosing meters). This number will be different, in accordance with the type of self-reclosing.

Relay power supply and tolerance


Self-reclosing relays need a permanent form of auxiliary power supply in order to manage the self-reclosing operations.
}} Standardised value: 230 Vac 15 % }} Optional: 48, 110 or 400 Vac

Output relay
}} Number of relays }} With interlocking }} NO or NC Output contact

Reclosing meter reset time.


To avoid the accumulation of triggers that do not correspond to the same anomaly, a reset time is defined for the reclosing meters, provided that the maximum number of reclosures is not exceeded. Example: The WRU-25 RA relay has a maximum number of reclosures available before being pushed to its interlocking. In installations with a transient earth leakage fault that lasts 50 seconds, the relay is triggered 4 times and reclosed 3 times (8 s + 16 s + 30 s). During the timing of the third self-reclosing, the fault disappears, so that the relay will remain in the

Time between reclosures


Time the relay takes between the trigger and the self-reclosing. It can be linear or exponential.

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Industrial earth leakage protection

Product selection table


Equipment External toroidal Internal toroidal No. of outputs Indications Communications In (A) Page

RG1M RGE / RGE-R RGU-10 / RGU-10 C CBS-4 / CBS-4 C CBS-8 WRU-10 WGBU / WGBU-90 WRN-22

Type WG / WGC

P1-16

Type WG / WGC

LEDs

Depending on the type 0.03 ... 5 A

P1-18

Type WG / WGC

1 + pre-alarm

Display

Only for type RGU-10 C

0.03 ... 3 A 0.3 ... 30 A

P1-20

Type WG / WGC

4 + pre-alarm

Display

Only for type CBS-4 C

0.03 ... 3 A 0.3 ... 30 A

P1-22

Type WG-WGP

8 + pre-alarm

Display

Yes

0.03 ... 6.3 A 0.3 ... 63 A

P1-24

Depending on the type 25 - 35 mm

LEDs

0.03 ... 3 A

P1-27

35 ... 210 mm

LEDs

0.03 ... 3 A

P1-31

22 mm

LEDs

0.01 A 0.03 A0.3 A

P1-34

P1-11

Industrial earth leakage protection

P1-12

Industrial earth leakage protection

WG Series

WGC

Earth leakage transformres WGC Series

Description
This new range presents a series of improvements above all in the installation of equipment in switchboards. Along with the usual installation fixtures, we add the possibility of doing it with a DIN rail by means of an accessory, which would facilitate its installation. The WGC series earth leakage transformers have a greater immunity to transitory type current peaks that usually cause differential protection triggers. The earth leakage transformers of the WGC Series have been designed to work with the relays of the WGC Series. The sensitivity (trigger current) of the transformer-relay set is established by the associated relay.

Features
Electrical insulation Safety Maximum assigned service Voltage Assigned Impulse Voltage / pollution Measurement circuit Assigned transformation ratio, Kn Accuracy in measurement Direct thermal current Short-circuit thermal current, Ith Dynamic current, Idyn Operating conditions Operating temperature Relative humidity Maximum altitude Mechanical features Terminal protection Screw down fasteners DIN rail (with accessory) Casing material / color Self-extinguishing class Product standards Connection Two wire (S1-S2) connection type Dimensions of rigid/flexible conductors Screw down fasteners (screw typw pzl 0,1 a 2,5 mm2 / 27 ... 12 AWG IP20 (IEC 60529) M-5 See code below Lexan 923 / RAL 7035 UL94V-0 IEC 60044-1 -20 C ... +70 C 95% 2000 m 30 / 0,06 A 10 ... 15% 60 A 1,8 kA / 1 seg 2.5 Ith IEC 60664-1 / IEC 60664-3 720 V 3 kV / III

Connection to the protection and measurement devices (RCD, RCM) Cabling with wire section 1 mm2 Cabling of braided and shielded wire section 1 mm2 0 ... 1 m 0 ... 10 m

P1-13

Industrial earth leakage protection

WGC

WG Series

Earth leakage transformres WGC Series


References
Useful diameter (mm) 25 35 55 80 110 140 220 x 105 350 x 150 500 x 200 Weight (g) 80 120 160 300 420 760 3740 7800 11300 In (A) acc. relay acc. relay acc. relay acc. relay acc. relay acc. relay acc. relay acc. relay acc. relay Type WGC 25 WGC 35 WGC 55 WGC 80 WGC 110 WGC 140 WGC-220x105 WGC-350x150 WGC-500x200 PA-TC/WG Code P10151 P10152 P10153 P10154 P10155 P10156 P10158 P10159 P10160 P19921 (mm) E

DIN rail mounting accessory for WG-35 up to WG-210, and WGC-25, WGC-35 and WGC-55

Dimensions
A (mm) A/2 A/2 B D

C F G H

I J

Type
A B C D

WGC-220x105
200 7 35 54,2 195 314 275

WGC-350x150
340 7 30 50,2 279 479 430

WGC-500x200
460 7 40 306 64 614 550

Type WGC 25 WGC 35 WGC 55 WGC 80 WGC 110 WGC 140

A 25 35 55 80 110 140

B 60,5 70,5 92 124,5 163 201

C 64 75,5 98 130 168 206

D 38 60 84,5 110

E F G H I J K

220
105 102

350
165 143

500
180 155

105

150

200

P1-14

Industrial earth leakage protection

WG Series

WG

WG Series Earth Leakage transformers

Description
The earth leakage transformers of the WG Series have been designed to work with the relays of the WG Series. The sensitivity (trigger current) of the transformer-relay set is established by the associated relay.

References
Useful diameter (mm) 20 30 35 70 105 140 210 70 x 175 115 x 305 150 x 350 200 x 500 Weight (g) 76 95 181 274 545 1 222 2 040 2 400 5 450 7 400 13 400

WG Dimensions

In (A) acc. relay acc. relay acc. relay acc. relay acc. relay acc. relay acc. relay acc. relay acc. relay acc. relay acc. relay

Type WGS-20 WGS-30 WG-35 WG-70 WG-105 WG-140 WG-210 WG-70x175 WG-115x305 WG-150x350 WG-200x500

Code P10131 P10132 P10111 P10112 P10113 P10114 P10115 P10116 P10117 P10118 P10119 Type
WG-35 WG-70 WG-105 WG-140 WG-210

A 100 130 170 220 299

B 79 110 146 196 284

C 26 32 38 48,5 69

D 48,5 66 94 123 161

E 35 70 105 140 210

WGS Dimensions
WGS-20

Type
WG-70X175

A 70 115 150

B 175 305 350

C 225 360 415

D 85 116 140

E 22 25 28

F 46 55 55

G 261 402 460

H 176 240 285

I 7,5 8 8

WGS-30

WG-115X305 WG-150X350

Type
WG-200X500

A 200

B 500

C -

D 140

E -

F 62

G 585

H 285

I -

P1-15

Industrial earth leakage protection

RG1M

WG Series

Electronic earth leakage relay with external transformer of the WG / WGC Series

Description
WG series electronic differential protection relay for connection to external WG / WGS / WGC series toroidal transformers }} These are highly reliable electronic relays with the option of a fixed or adjustable sensitivity and delay }} Measurement using true root mean square (TRMS) value }} DIN 46277 (En50022) Rail mounting }} Reduced one module size. }} LED status indication. yy Power ON LED. yy Leakage led ON. Tripped relay. yy Power LED flashing and leakage LED ON. Detection of a transformer continuity fault

Features
Proteccin Class Measurement Sensitivity Delay Earth leakage transformer Test and Reset Remote Control Associated circuit breaker LED indicator Circuit breaker control Features Auxiliary power supply Output contacts Operating temperature Construction features Fixing Dimensions Weight Degree of protection Standards IEC 60947-2, IEC 60755, IEC 62020, IEC 61008 DIN Rail 46277 (EN 50022) 1 module 85 g IP 20 terminals 230 Vac ( 20 %) 50 / 60 Hz 250 Vac, 6 A -10 ... +65 C A superimmunized True root mean square (TRMS) 30 or 300 mA 20 ms External WG / WGC Series With built-in buttons, T & R External Test Option Contactor or automatic circuit breaker using a coil trigger Power supply voltage Leakage trigger Disconnection of external transformer Through a NO/NC switched relay, depending on the connection with the circuit breaker

Application
The RG1M relays combined with the WG / WGC transformer provides complete differential protection, both on single-phase and three-phase lines.

P1-16

Industrial earth leakage protection

RG1M

WG Series

Dimensions

Electronic earth leakage relay with external transformer of the WG Series

45 mm

64 mm

66 mm 72 mm 17.5 mm

R eferences
Size 1 modules 1 modules Attachment DIN rail DIN rail In (A) 0.03 0.3 Delay 0.02 s 0.02 s Type RG1M-0.03 RG1M-0.3 Code P12204 P12214

Connections
50/60 Hz 230 V20%
L1 L2 L3 N

50/60 Hz 230 V20%


L1 L2 L3 N

7 5

8 6
1S11S2

7 5
Type WG

8 6
1S11S2

RG1M
Test / Reset

RG1M
Test / Reset

230V;5A

230V;5A

3 1

4 2

CARGA
Disparo por BOBINA DE MNIMA - Rearme manual.

3 1

4 2

CARGA

Disparo por BOBINA DE EMISIN - Rearme manual.

90 mm

Type WG

P1-17

Industrial earth leakage protection

RGE

WG Series

/ RGE-R

Electronic earth leakage relay with external transformer of the WG / WGC Series

Description
Electronic earth leakage protection relay, used to connect to the earth leakage transformers WG / WGC Series }} These electronic relays offer a high reliability, with the option of a fixed or adjustable sensitivity and delay }} Type A relay with high frequency current filtering and high immunity. Monitoring of the true root mean square (TRMS) }} Assembly on DIN rail 46277 }} Reduced size: 2 modules }} LED indicators: yy Permanently lit leak indicator yy LED: Trigger relay yy Flashing power LED and lit leak LED: detection of faults in the transformer's continuity yy Flashing leak LED indicator (only RGE-R and RGE-R1): Leak with a value under the value selected yy 1 flash every 2 s: 25 ... 50 % of the leakage current yy 1 flash every 1 s: 50 ... 75 % yy 2 flashes every 1 s: 75 ... <100 % yy Permanently: 100 %

Features
Protection Class Measurement Sensitivity Delay Earth leakage transformer Test and Reset Remote Control Associated circuit breaker LED indicator Display View Remote signaling Circuit breaker control Features Auxiliary power supply Output contacts Operating temperature Construction features Fixing Dimensions Weight Degree of protection Standards IEC 60947-2, IEC 60755, IEC 62020, IEC 61008 DIN Rail 46277 (EN 50022) 2 modules 163 g IP 20 Terminals, IP 41 back panel 230 Vac ( 20 %) 50 / 60 Hz (other values on demand) 250 Vac, 6 A -10 ... +50 C A superimmunized True root mean square (TRMS) 0.03 A / 0.3 A / 0.5 A / 0.03 ... 3 A (R1) / 0.03 ... 5 A (R) 0.02 / 0.02 ... 1 s (R1) / 0.02 ... 5 s (R) External, TRANSFORMERS WG / WGC With built-in buttons, T & R External Test Option Contact or Circuit breaker + trigger coil Power supply voltage Trip due to leakageDisconnection of the external transformerPre-alarm (R-R1) Through an NO/NC switched relay, depending on the connection with the circuit breaker

Application
The relays of the RGE series and the transformer of the WG / WGC series enable a full earth leakage protection for both single and three-phase lines. They guarantee maximum security and continuity of the electrical service, avoiding unwanted tripping.

P1-18

Industrial earth leakage protection

RGE / RGE-R

WG Series

Dimensions

Electronic earth leakage relay with external transformer of the WG Series

References
Size 2 modules 2 modules 2 modules 2 modules Fixing DIN rail DIN rail DIN rail DIN rail In (A) 0,03 0,3 0,03 ... 3 0,03 ... 5 Delay 0.02 s 0.02 s 0.02 ... 1 s 0.02 ... 5 s Type RGE-0.03 RGE-0.3 RGE-R1 RGE-R Code P12201 P12211 P12231 P12232

Connections
Shunt coil tripping
EXTERNAL RESET EXTERNAL RESET

Undervoltage coil tripping


EXTERNAL RESET

EXTERNAL RESET

SHUNT COIL

SHUNT COIL

UNDERVOLTAGE COIL

UNDERVOLTAGE COIL

LOAD

LOAD

LOAD

LOAD

P1-19

Industrial earth leakage protection

RGU-10

WG Series

/ RGU-10 C

Electronic earth leakage relay with external transformer of the WG / WGC Series

Description
Electronic earth leakage protection relay, used to connect to the earth leakage transformers WG / WGC Series }} Superimmunized Type A relay with high frequency current filtering and high immunity }} Monitoring of the true root mean square (TRMS) }} Display of data on the screenTwo independent programmable outputs (main and pre-alarm) }} External input for remote control functions ( 230 Vac).

Features
Protection Class Measurement Sensitivity Delay Earth leakage transformer Test and Reset Remote Control Associated circuit breaker LED indicator A superimmunized True root mean square (TRMS) 0.03 ... 3 A 0.03 ... 30 A (PROGRAMMING) Time defined: 0,02 ... 10 s Inverse curve: Instantaneous or selective External, TRANSFORMERS WG / WGC With built-in buttons, T & R External Test Option Contact or Circuit breaker + trigger coil Power supply voltage Trip due to leakage Disconnection of the external transformer Pre-alarm Current trip (red display when triggered) Programming parameters Instantaneous leakage current Disconnection of the external transformer Pre-alarm Display of parameters with RS-485 communications (RGU-10 C) Through an NO/NC switched relay, depending on the connection with the circuit breaker 230 Vac ( 20 %) 50 / 60 Hz (other values on demand) 250 Vac, 6 A -10 ... +50 C DIN Rail 46277 (EN 50022) 3 modules 236 g IP 20 Terminals, IP 41 back panel

Application
The RGU-10 relays associated to the transformers of the WG / WGC series allow an smart earth leakage protection. Their design features guarantee maximum security and continuity of the electrical service, avoiding unwanted tripping. Showing the value of the leak instantaneously on the display with the pre-alarm indications provides the information about the state of lines being protected, thus allowing the implementation of an adequate preventive maintenance approach. In addition, version RGU-10 C with RS-485 communications is used with the Power Studio software, which allows the centralised supervision of the system in real time, with a record log that can be analysed later on.
Display View

Remote signaling Circuit breaker control Features Auxiliary power supply Output contacts Operating temperature Construction features Fixing Dimensions Weight Degree of protection Standards IEC 60947-2, IEC 60755, IEC 62020, IEC 61008

P1-20

Industrial earth leakage protection

RGU-10 / RGU-10 C

WG Series

Dimensions

Electronic earth leakage relay with external transformer of the WG / WGC Series

References
Size 3 modules Communications In (A) 0.03 ... 3 A 0.03 ... 30 A (PROGRAMMING) 0.03 ... 3 A 0.03 ... 30 A (PROGRAMMING) Delay 0.02...10 s, INS, SEL Type RGU-10 Code P11941

3 modules

RS-485

0.02...10 s, INS, SEL

RGU-10 C

P11944

Connections
Shunt coil Undervoltage coil

P1-21

Industrial earth leakage protection

CBS-4

WG Series

/ CBS-4 C

Earth leakage monitoring and signaling unit of the external transformer of the WG / WGC Series

Description
}} Unit equivalent to 4 earth leakage protection networks. 4 independent programmable relays available }} Four inputs to connect the external toroidal transformers of the WG }} Superimmunized Type A relay with high frequency current filtering and high immunity. Monitoring in true root mean square (TRMS) }} Reduced size, with 3 modules }} 5 independent programmable outputs (4 earth leakage trip relays and 1 pre-alarm trip).

Features
Protection No. of protections Class Measurement Sensitivity Delay Earth leakage transformer Test and Reset Associated circuit breaker LED indicator 4 Independent lines A superimmunized True root mean square (TRMS) 0.03 A ... 30 A Time defined: 0,02 ... 10 s Inverse curve: instantaneous or selective External, TRANSFORMERS WG/WGP With built-in buttons, T & R Contact or Circuit breaker + trigger coil Power supply voltage Leakage trip Pre-alarm Interlocked earth leakage self-reclosing Current trip (red display when triggered) Instantaneous leak level indicator in each channel Parameter programming State of the self-reclosing- Disconnected external trans. indicator- Automatic self-reclosing enabled 230 Vac ( 20 %) 50 ... 60 Hz 250 Vac, 5 A -10 ... +50 C DIN Rail 46277 (EN 50022) 3 modules 236 g IP 20 Terminals, IP 41 back panel

Application
The CBS-4 earth leakage unit associated to the transformers of the WG / WGC Series allows an smart earth leakage protection. Its design features guarantee maximum security and continuity of the electrical service, avoiding unwanted tripping. Showing the value of the leak instantaneously on the display with the pre-alarm indications provides the information about the state of lines being protected, thus allowing the implementation of an adequate preventive maintenance approach. In addition, version CBS-4 C with RS-485 communications is used with the PowerStudio software, which allows the centralised supervision of the system in real time, with a record log that can be analysed later on.

Display View

Features Auxiliary power supply Output contacts Operating temperature Construction features Fixing Dimensions Weight Degree of protection Standards IEC 60947-2, IEC 60755, IEC 62020, IEC 61008

P1-22

Industrial earth leakage protection

CBS-4 / CBS-4 C

WG Series

Dimensions

Earth leakage monitoring and signaling unit of the external transformer of the WG / WGC Series

References
Size 3 modules 3 modules Communications RS-485 No. of Relays 4 4 In (A) 0.03 ... 30 s 0.03 ... 30 s Type CBS-4 CBS-4 C Code P12711 P12712

Connections

P1-23

Industrial earth leakage protection

CBS-8

WG Series

Earth leakage monitoring and signaling unit of the external transformer of the WG / WGP Series

Description
}} Unit equivalent to 8 earth leakage protection networks. 8 independent programmable relays available }} 8 inputs to connect the external toroidal transformers of the WG / WGP }} Superimmunized Type A relay with high frequency current filtering and high immunity. Monitoring in true root mean square (TRMS) }} Size adapted for 8 modules }} 9 independent programmable outputs (8 earth leakage trip relays and 1 pre-alarm trip).

Features
Protection No. of protections Class Measurement Sensitivity Delay Earth leakage transformer Test and Reset Associated circuit breaker Self-reclosing No. of reclosures Time between reclosures Partial counter reset time 0 Programming option ... 10 0 Programming option ... 900 s Double the reclosing time Power supply voltage Leakage trip Pre-alarm Interlocked earth leakage reclosing Automatic self-reclosing enabled Instantaneous leak level indicator in each channel Parameter programming Self-reclosing status 230 Vac ( 20 %) 50 ... 60 Hz 250 Vac, 5 A -10 ... +50 C DIN Rail 46277 (EN 50022) 8 modules 609 g IP 20 Terminals, IP 41 back panel 8 Independent lines A superimmunized True root mean square (TRMS) 0.03 A ... 6.3 A external transformers WG / WGS 0.03 A ... 63 A external transformers WGP/WGSP Time defined: 0,02 ... 10 s Inverse curve: instantaneous or selective External, TRANSFORMERS WG / WGP With built-in buttons, T & R Contact or Circuit breaker + trigger coil

Application
The CBS-8 earth leakage station associated to the transformers of the WG / WGP Series allows an smart earth leakage protection. Its design features guarantee maximum security and continuity of the electrical service, avoiding unwanted tripping. Showing the value of the leak instantaneously on the display with the pre-alarm indications provides the information about the state of lines being protected, thus allowing the implementation of an adequate preventive maintenance approach. In addition, RS-485 communications are used with the Power Studio software, which allows the centralised supervision of the system in real time, with a record log that can be analysed later on.

LED indicator

Display View Features Auxiliary power supply Output contacts Operating temperature Construction features Fixing Dimensions Weight Degree of protection Standards IEC 60947-2, IEC 60755, IEC 62020, IEC 61008

P1-24

Industrial earth leakage protection

CBS-8

WG Series

Dimensions

Earth leakage monitoring and signaling unit of the external transformer of the WG / WGP Series

110

140 CBS-8

70

References
Size 8 modules Communications RS-485 No. of Relays 8 In (A) 0.03 ... 63 A Type CBS-8 (*) Code P12811

(*) In the case of the 0.3 ... 63 A scale, use earth leakage transformers of the WGP / WGSP

Connections

45

P1-25

Industrial earth leakage protection

WG Series

WGP

Earth leakage Transformers of the WGP Series (only for CBS-8)

Description
The earth leakage transformers of the WGP Series have been designed to work only with the CBS-8 relay unit and a sensitivity of 0.3 ... 63 A. These transformers have a 1/5000 ratio.

References
Useful diameter (mm) 20 30 35 70 105 140 210 70 x 175 115 x 305 150 x 350

WGP Dimensions

Weight (g) 76 95 181 274 545 1 222 2 040 2 400 5 450 7 400

In (A) 0,3 ... 63 0,3 ... 63 0,3 ... 63 0,3 ... 63 0,3 ... 63 0,3 ... 63 0,3 ... 63 0,3 ... 63 0,3 ... 63 0,3 ... 63

Type WGSP-20 WGSP-30 WGP-35 WGP-70 WGP-105 WGP-140 WGP-210 WGP-70x175 WGP-115x305 WGP-150x350

Code P10141 P10142 P10121 P10122 P10123 P10124 P10125 P10126 P10127 P10128 Type
WGP-35 WGP-70 WGP-105 WGP-140 WGP-210

A 100 130 170 220 299

B 79 110 146 196 284

C 26 32 38 48,5 69

D 48,5 66 94 123 161

E 35 70 105 140 210

WGSP Dimensions
WGSP-20

WGSP-30

Type
WGP-70X175 WGP-115X305 WGP-150X350

A 70 115 150

B 175 305 350

C 225 360 415

D 85 116 140

E 22 25 28

F 46 55 55

G 261 402 460

H 176 240 285

I 7,5 8 8

P1-26

Industrial earth leakage protection

WRU-10

Differential relay with built-in transformer and display

Description
Electronic differential protection relay with builtin 28 mm transformer, constituting one unit. }} Type A high-insulation, with high-frequency current filter and high insulation. Monitoring using true root mean square. }} Display with LEDs and display: - differential protection settings. - protection trigger current. - protection status messages, etc. }} Units with three programmable output contact relays, one switched and two simple. The main relay is for the protection provided by the contact or trigger relay of the automatic switch while the two others are for the pre-alarm. }} It also has a voltage input for external triggering and re-arming. }} Assembly on DIN Rail 46277 (EN 50022) }} Reduced three-module size. }} Connection by pluggable terminals.

Features
Protection Class Measurement Sensitivity PROGRAMABLE Delay PROGRAMABLE Test y Reset Remote Control Associated circuit breaker A superimmunized True root mean square (TRMS) 0,03 ... 3 A, scalable up to 30 A by SETUP Time defined: 0,02 ...1 s, scalable up to 10s by SETUP. Inverse curve: Instantaneous or selective (IEC 60947-2) With built-in buttons, T & R External Test Option, voltage-free input tripping. Contact or Circuit breaker + trigger coil Power supply voltage Trip due to leakage Pre-alarm - Protection parameters - Leakage current/trip reading - Leakage current/trip reading.TEST statuses and external tripping.

LED indicator

Circuit breaker control Electric features Auxiliary power supply Output contacts Operating temperature Construction features Fixing Dimensions Weight Degree of protection Standards

Through an NO/NC switched relay, depending on the connection with the circuit breaker 230 Vac ( 30 %) 50 / 60 Hz 250 Vac, 5 A / 230 Vac, 250 mA -20 ...+70 C DIN Rail 46722 (EN 50022) 3 modules 275 g IP 20, IP 41 back panel

Application
WRU-10 relays allow for intelligent differential protection. Due to their design features, they assure maximum safety and continuity in electrical service, avoiding unwanted tripping.. Information on the state of the protected lines is made available through the visualization of the instantaneous leakage value on the display screen together with prealarm signals, allowing for effective preventive maintenance.

IEC 60947-2, IEC 60755, IEC 62020, IEC 61008

P1-27

Industrial earth leakage protection

WRU-10

Dimensions

Differential relay with built-in transformer and display


44

75

52,5 22,75 10

References
Size 3 modules Net section (mm) 28 In (A) 0.03 ... 3 A extendible to 30 A Delay 0.02 ... 1 s extendible to 10s Curve (Inverse): INS/SEL Type WRU-25 Code P2

WRU-10

Connections

WRU-10

P1-28

27,25

n28

45 73

85

Industrial earth leakage protection

WRU

Earth leakage relay with built-in transformer

Description
Electronic earth leakage protection relay with built-in transformer, with a diameter of 25 or 35 mm , depending on the type, creating a single set. }} Type A relay with high frequency current filtering and high immunity. Monitoring in true root mean square. }} The sensitivity can be adjusted to 0.03 ... 3 A }} The delay in the trigger can be adjusted to 0.02 ... 1 s }} LED indicator of the leak level (% sensitivity): yy 1 flash every 2 s: between 25 and 50 % yy 1 flash every 1 s: between 50 and 75 % yy 1 flash every 0.5 s: between 75 and 90 % }} Adjustable to the DIN profile 46277 (EN 50022)

Features
Protection Class Measurement Sensitivity Delay Earth leakage transformer Test and Reset Remote Control (inputs) Associated circuit breaker Relay signaling A superimmunized True root mean square (TRMS) 0.03 ... 3 A 0.02 ... 1 s Internal With built-in buttons, T & R External test Contact or Circuit breaker + trigger coil Power supply voltage Trip due to leakage Pre-alarm Leak control signal (proportional alternating voltage) (only in WRU-25) Through an NO/NC switched relay, depending on the connection with the circuit breaker 230 Vac ( 20 %) 50 / 60 Hz 250 Vac, 6 A -10 ... +50 C DIN rail 4 modules (WRU-25), 6 modules (WRU-35) 228 g (WRU-25), 403 g (WRU-35) IP 20 Terminals, IP 41 back panel

Remote signaling (outputs) Circuit breaker control Features Auxiliary power supply Output contacts Operating temperature Construction features Fixing Dimensions Weight Degree of protection Standards IEC 60947-2, IEC 60755, IEC 62020, IEC 61008

Application
The WRU Series allows a reliable and immunised form of earth leakage protection, saving installation time. Its assembly is very simple, offering an adequate solution for all types of single and three-phase installations, since it offers compact earth leakage protection, with the optional adjustment of the sensitivity and time.

P1-29

Industrial earth leakage protection

WRU

Dimensions
WRU-25

Earth leakage relay with built-in transformer

WRU-35

References
Size 4 modules 6 modules Useful diameter (mm) 25 35 In (A) 0,03 ... 3 0,03 ... 3 Delay 0.02 ... 1 s 0.02 ... 1 s Type WRU-25 WRU-35 Code P14011 P14021

The delay is cancelled in all relays with a sensitivity adjustment of 0.03 A.

Connections
WRU-25 WRU-35 2

P1-30

Industrial earth leakage protection

WGBU

Transformer with built-in earth leakage relay

Description
The WGBU Series is a compact earth leakage protection system. It is composed of a toroidal transformer with a built-in earth leakage relay. }} Multi-range electronic relay yy The sensitivity can be adjusted to 0.03 ... 3 A yy Trigger delay of 0.02 ... 1 ws, adjustable }} Type A relay with high frequency current filtering and high immunity. Monitoring in true root mean square (TRMS). }} LED indicators: yy Grid connection LED yy Pre-alarm and trigger LED: 1 flash every 2 s, leak between 25 and 50 % of the sensitivity selected; 1 flash every 1 s, leak between 50 and 75 % of the sensitivity selected; 1 flash every 0.5 s, leak exceeding 75 % of the sensitivity selected; permanently lit, trigger of the earth leakage protection.

Features
Earth leakage Class Measurement Sensitivity Delay Earth leakage transformer Test and Reset Associated circuit breaker LED indicator Remote Control (inputs) Circuit breaker control Features Auxiliary power supply Output contacts Operating temperature Construction features Fixing DIN Panel / Rail Depending on the type Depending on the type IP 20 Terminals, IP 41 back panel Dimensions Weight Degree of protection Standards IEC 60947-2, IEC 60755, IEC 62020, IEC 61008 230 Vac ( 20 %) 50 / 60 Hz 250 Vac, 6 A -10 ... +50 C Protection A superimmunized True root mean square (TRMS) 0.03 ... 3 A 0.02 ... 1 s Built-in transformers of the WG With built-in buttons, T & R Contact or Circuit breaker + trigger coil Power supply voltage Trip due to leakage Pre-alarm External Test Option Through an NO/NC switched relay, depending on the connection with the circuit breaker

Application
The WGBU series offers a reliable earth leakage protection, with simpler cabling and savings in the assembly time. In addition, installation is very simple, thanks to its compact dimensions.

P1-31

Industrial earth leakage protection

WGBU

Dimensions
WGBU

Transformer with built-in earth leakage relay

WGBU-90

Type
WGBU-35 (A1) / WGBU-90-35 (A2) WGBU-70 (A1) / WGBU-90-70 (A2) WGBU-105 (A1) / WGBU-90-105 (A2) WGBU-140 (A1) / WGBU-90-140 (A2) WGBU-210 (A1) / WGBU-90-210 (A2)

A1 166 196 236 286 365

A2 100 130 170 220 299

B 79 110 146 196 284

C 26 332 38 48,5 69

D 48,5 66 94 123 161

E 35 70 105 140 210

References
Useful diameter (mm) 35 70 105 140 210 35 70 105 140 210

Weight (g) 380 474 744 1422 2240 380 474 744 1422 2240

In (A) 0,03 ... 3 0,03 ... 3 0,03 ... 3 0,03 ... 3 0,03 ... 3 0,03 ... 3 0,03 ... 3 0,03 ... 3 0,03 ... 3 0,03 ... 3

Delay (s) 0,02 ... 1 0,02 ... 1 0,02 ... 1 0,02 ... 1 0,02 ... 1 0,02 ... 1 0,02 ... 1 0,02 ... 1 0,02 ... 1 0,02 ... 1

Type WGBU-35 WGBU-70 WGBU-105 WGBU-140 WGBU-210 WGBU-90-35 WGBU-90-70 WGBU-90-105 WGBU-90-140 WGBU-90-210

Code P16011 P16012 P16013 P16014 P16015 P16021 P16022 P16023 P16024 P16025

The delay is cancelled in all relays with a sensitivity adjustment of 0.03 A.

P1-32

Industrial earth leakage protection

WGBU

Connections
Shunt coil

Transformer with built-in earth leakage relay

Undervoltage coil

P1-33

Industrial earth leakage protection

WRN-22

Earth leakage relay with built-in transformer

Description
The WRN-22 relay is an earth leakage relay with a built-in earth leakage transformer, with a diameter 22 mm }} DIN 46277 Symmetrical profile coupling (EN 50022) }} The leakage is detected by means of sampling the earth leakage intensity and calculating its true root mean square (TRMS) }} Detection of the presence of voltage with LEDs }} TEST button.

Features
Protection Class Measurement Sensitivity Delay Earth leakage transformer Test Associated circuit breaker Relay signaling Remote signaling (outputs) Remote Control (inputs) Circuit breaker control Features Auxiliary power supply Output contacts Operating temperature Construction features Fixing Dimensions Weight Degree of protection Standards IEC 1008, IEC 255-5, UNE 801-2, UNE 801-3, UNE 801-4, UNE 60730-1 DIN rail 3 modules 146 g IP 20 Terminals, IP 41 back panel 230 Vac ( 20 %) 50 / 60 Hz -10 ... +50 C A True root mean square (TRMS) 0,01 A / 0,03 A / 0,30 A (depending on the type) 0.02 s Internal With built-in button, TEST Circuit breaker + trigger coil Power supply voltage Leakage trigger External test Voltage 230 Vac

Application
The WRN-22 earth leakage protection is a very interesting solution for small-scale installations with reduced space.

P1-34

Industrial earth leakage protection

WRN-22

Dimensions

Earth leakage relay with built-in transformer

References
Size 3 modules 3 modules 3 modules Useful diameter (mm) 22 22 22 In (A) 0,03 0,3 0,01 Delay (s) 0,02 0,02 0,02 Type WRN-22-0.03 WRN-22-0.3 WRN-22-0.01 Code P14211 P14212 P14214

Connections

P1-35

Industrial earth leakage protection

Relation between products and accessories


Adaptor panel PA-TC/WG TT

Adaptor for 72 x 72 panel

Accessory for assembly on DIN rail

Core balance shield tube TT-35 TT-70 P19911 P19912 P19913 P19914 P19915

M5ZZF1

P19921

TT-105 TT-140 TT-210

--

only for WG-35 up to WG-70

WGP

WG

--

only for WGP-35 up to WGP-70

RGU-10

--

--

only CBS-4

CBS

--

--

--

only for WGC-25 up to WGC-55

WN

RN-10

--

--

WGBU

--

--

P1-36

Industrial earth leakage protection

P1-37